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Obstetrics and Gynecology Commons

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Evidenced-Based Strategies To Increase Cervical Cancer Screening Rates, Tuong Cat Vo BSN-RN, Nada Salloukh BSN-RN, Tatiana Elena Swanson BSN-RN, Xiao Mie Cindy Zhu BSN-RN, Laura Taylor Reed DNP, APRN, FNP-BC 2024 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Evidenced-Based Strategies To Increase Cervical Cancer Screening Rates, Tuong Cat Vo Bsn-Rn, Nada Salloukh Bsn-Rn, Tatiana Elena Swanson Bsn-Rn, Xiao Mie Cindy Zhu Bsn-Rn, Laura Taylor Reed Dnp, Aprn, Fnp-Bc

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Purpose/Background

Cervical cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer affecting women worldwide (Staley et al., 2021). With cervical cancer being a preventable disease, an effective method of reducing healthcare costs and mortality is primary prevention, such as screenings. Financial burdens and barriers to accessing medical care may result due to the lack of proper cervical cancer screenings. Detecting cervical cancer includes screening women 21 to 65 years old with a Papanicolaou (PAP) test every three years. Women aged 30 to 65 years old can extend the screening of cervical cancer by having a Human Papillomavirus (HPV) test along with …


Same Or Different? Resolution Of Diagnostic Difficulty Of Two Mixed Cell-Type Tumors In Ovarian Pathology., Sarah Ingram, Kelly Brenan, Priyanka Raju MD, Wei Shaw DO, Stever Sowers PA 2024 Drexel University College of Medicine

Same Or Different? Resolution Of Diagnostic Difficulty Of Two Mixed Cell-Type Tumors In Ovarian Pathology., Sarah Ingram, Kelly Brenan, Priyanka Raju Md, Wei Shaw Do, Stever Sowers Pa

Tower Health Research Day

No abstract provided.


Improving Awareness Of Surgical Ergonomics In Gynecologic Surgery, Priyanka Raju MD, Annika Eveland MD, Dominic Cammarano DO 2024 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Reading Hospital Tower Health

Improving Awareness Of Surgical Ergonomics In Gynecologic Surgery, Priyanka Raju Md, Annika Eveland Md, Dominic Cammarano Do

Tower Health Research Day

No abstract provided.


‘Mama May I?’: A Comprehensive Guide To Inform Occupational Therapy Practitioners For The Wellness Of Black Pregnant Women, Tavia Williams, Angela Blackwell, Aminee Alexander 2024 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences

‘Mama May I?’: A Comprehensive Guide To Inform Occupational Therapy Practitioners For The Wellness Of Black Pregnant Women, Tavia Williams, Angela Blackwell, Aminee Alexander

Spring 2024 Virtual OTD Capstone Symposium

Black women are facing a decline in well-being because health providers do not understand how pregnancy impacts them differently than other race in the United States. This population is dying at a rate 3-4 more times than white, Asian, and Hispanic women. These deaths are preventable as many stem from racism and bias in medicine (Markin & Coleman, 2023). Historically, occupational therapists have not been included in the care of pregnant women due to the exclusive team of obstetric providers, doulas, and midwives (Rost et al., 2023). Because the United States primarily utilizes the medical model for perinatal healthcare, pregnant …


Case Report: Low-Risk Hpv Associated Verruco-Papillary Squamous Cell Carcinoma Of The Cervix, Olivia Nicolais, Mackenzie Cummings, Tommy R. Buchanan 2024 Thomas Jefferson University

Case Report: Low-Risk Hpv Associated Verruco-Papillary Squamous Cell Carcinoma Of The Cervix, Olivia Nicolais, Mackenzie Cummings, Tommy R. Buchanan

Abington Jefferson Health Papers

•Cervical cancer plays a large role in morbidity and mortality for gynecologic cancer.•Most cases are involved with high-risk HPV, rare cases of low-risk HPV associated cancer exists.•Low risk HPV associated cervical cancers have increased difficulty in diagnosis.•No distinction exists in treatment between low and high risk HPV associated cervical cancer.


Project Prevent: A Randomized Controlled Trial Of Preoperative Vaginal Metronidazole To Decrease Patient Issues And Infections After Hysterectomy, Tana Pradhan, Helen Zhang, Amanda Kadesh, Ama Buskwofie, Sonali Patankar, Sharifa Menon, Timothy Ryntz, Cara Grimes 2024 Thomas Jefferson University

Project Prevent: A Randomized Controlled Trial Of Preoperative Vaginal Metronidazole To Decrease Patient Issues And Infections After Hysterectomy, Tana Pradhan, Helen Zhang, Amanda Kadesh, Ama Buskwofie, Sonali Patankar, Sharifa Menon, Timothy Ryntz, Cara Grimes

Abington Jefferson Health Papers

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate if vaginal metronidazole for 5 days before hysterectomy decreases postoperative infections and patient issues.

DESIGN: This randomized trial compared vaginal metronidazole for 5 days before a scheduled hysterectomy to no intervention. Sample size calculation was based on a 20% difference in issues and infection (30% incidence and 10% in the intervention arm) with 80% power and an alpha error of 0.05 and indicated 62 subjects needed in each arm.

SETTING: Outpatient gynecology clinics at a single academic institution.

PARTICIPANTS: 154 subjects were screened for eligibility between July 2020 and September 2022. 133 underwent hysterectomy including 68 subjects …


Correlation Of Sonographic With Intraoperative Findings In Laparoscopic Managed Ectopic Pregnancies, A 10-Year Synopsis: A Retrospective Observational Study, Steve Mutiso 2024 Aga Khan University

Correlation Of Sonographic With Intraoperative Findings In Laparoscopic Managed Ectopic Pregnancies, A 10-Year Synopsis: A Retrospective Observational Study, Steve Mutiso

Obstetrics and Gynaecology, East Africa

Background: Ectopic pregnancies (EP) are a common pregnancy complication that's associated with significant morbidity and rarely mortality if not managed properly. Ultrasound examination forms the cornerstone of diagnosis of EP with some sonographic features occasionally not correlating with intraoperative findings. We set out to conduct an audit of EP managed surgically at our hospital for a 10-year period and discern the correlation and prediction of sonographic findings to intraoperative findings.

Methods: This study was designed as a Retrospective Observational Study based at the Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH). Study population was all women admitted to AKUH with a diagnosis of …


Incidental Actinomycosis In A 44-Year-Old Female During Total Abdominal Hysterectomy For Abnormal Uterine Bleeding: A Case Report, Willbroad Kyejo, Ally Zain Ismail, Abduel Kitua, Gregory Ntiyakunze, Munawar Kaguta, Ally Mwawnga 2024 Aga Khan University

Incidental Actinomycosis In A 44-Year-Old Female During Total Abdominal Hysterectomy For Abnormal Uterine Bleeding: A Case Report, Willbroad Kyejo, Ally Zain Ismail, Abduel Kitua, Gregory Ntiyakunze, Munawar Kaguta, Ally Mwawnga

Family Medicine, East Africa

Actinomycosis, a rare chronic bacterial infection caused by Actinomyces species, presents diagnostic challenges due to diverse clinical presentations. This report presents a case of peritoneal actinomycosis incidentally discovered during a total abdominal hysterectomy in a 44-year-old female with refractory abnormal uterine bleeding and a history of long-term intrauterine contraceptive device use. The patient presented with persistent abnormal uterine bleeding despite conservative management. Intraoperative findings during total abdominal hysterectomy revealed peritoneal involvement, prompting histopathological evaluation confirming actinomycosis. This case highlights diagnostic complexities associated with actinomycosis, emphasizing the significance of histopathological confirmation. Postoperative management with antibiotics demonstrated favorable outcomes, supporting their efficacy …


Learning Circles: Promoting Inclusive Care Starting In The Classroom, April Graham, Kindsey Gattman, Tobias Johnson 2024 Providence

Learning Circles: Promoting Inclusive Care Starting In The Classroom, April Graham, Kindsey Gattman, Tobias Johnson

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

No abstract provided.


Long-Term Health Related Quality Of Life Following Uterine Fibroid Embolization In A Predominantly Black African Population: A Retrospective Cohort Study, Michael Kioko, Marleen Temmerman, Timona Obura, Adelaide Lusambili 2024 P. C. E. A Chogoria Mission Hospital, Kenya

Long-Term Health Related Quality Of Life Following Uterine Fibroid Embolization In A Predominantly Black African Population: A Retrospective Cohort Study, Michael Kioko, Marleen Temmerman, Timona Obura, Adelaide Lusambili

Obstetrics and Gynaecology, East Africa

Uterine Fibroid Embolization (UFE) is one of the effective options available for treatment of symptomatic uterine fibroids with documented improvement in the quality of life and reduction in symptoms. The study assessed long-term quality of life post-uterine fibroid embolization in a mostly black population, noting scanty local or African research on this topic despite evidence suggesting a higher fibroid burden among black women. This retrospective study examined patients who underwent UFE from 2009 to 2014. Participants completed online demographic and UFS-QOL surveys. Statistical tests included Wilcoxon signed rank tests for HRQOL score differences and Pearson correlation for associations between independent …


The Effect Of Cervical Pessary On Increasing Gestational Age At Delivery In Twin Pregnancies With Asymptomatic Short Cervix: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis Of Randomized Controlled Trials, Amir Hossein Norooznezhad, Nikan Zargarzadeh, Ali Javinani, Seyedeh Maedeh Nabavian, Shohra Qaderi, Shayan Mostafaei, Vincenzo Berghella, Yinka Oyelese, Alireza A. Shamshirsaz 2024 Thomas Jefferson University

The Effect Of Cervical Pessary On Increasing Gestational Age At Delivery In Twin Pregnancies With Asymptomatic Short Cervix: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis Of Randomized Controlled Trials, Amir Hossein Norooznezhad, Nikan Zargarzadeh, Ali Javinani, Seyedeh Maedeh Nabavian, Shohra Qaderi, Shayan Mostafaei, Vincenzo Berghella, Yinka Oyelese, Alireza A. Shamshirsaz

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Faculty Papers

OBJECTIVE: The incidence of preterm delivery is much higher in twin pregnancies than in singletons and even higher if a short cervical length is detected in the second trimester. Studies are contradictory regarding the efficacy of a cervical pessary to decrease preterm birth in twin pregnancies and short cervical length. To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis investigating the efficacy of cervical pessary in prolonging gestation, preventing preterm birth, and reducing adverse neonatal outcomes in twin pregnancies with an asymptomatic short cervix.

DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and ClinicalTrials.org were searched for randomized controlled trials from inception to …


Effects Of Maternal-Infant Golden Hour On Breastfeeding, Julina A. Wall-Penner, Katilyn Rasmussen, Madeline Suderman 2024 Fort Hays State University

Effects Of Maternal-Infant Golden Hour On Breastfeeding, Julina A. Wall-Penner, Katilyn Rasmussen, Madeline Suderman

SACAD: John Heinrichs Scholarly and Creative Activity Days

Abstract

This study examines the effects of immediate maternal-infant skin-to-skin contact, and how those effects compare to mothers and babies who have delayed or skin-to-skin. Skin-to-skin contact, also known as “the golden hour”, is a remarkable practice that occurs immediately after birth. During this intimate bonding experience, the newborn is placed directly on the mother's chest, their tiny body nestled against her warm skin. Studies have shown numerous benefits from this practice. Breastfeeding success through early initiation is one the benefits this study focuses on. This cohort observational study is recommended to take place at Hays Medical Center with mothers …


Hypertension In Pregnancy Among Immigrant And Swedish Women: A Cohort Study Of All Pregnant Women In Sweden, Per Wändell, Casey Crump, Xinjun Li, Nouha Saleh Stattin, Axel C Carlsson, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist 2024 The Texas Medical Center Library

Hypertension In Pregnancy Among Immigrant And Swedish Women: A Cohort Study Of All Pregnant Women In Sweden, Per Wändell, Casey Crump, Xinjun Li, Nouha Saleh Stattin, Axel C Carlsson, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist

Journal Articles

BACKGROUND: Little is known about risks of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy in both first- and second-generation immigrant women in Europe and other Western countries; such knowledge may help elucidate the influence of genetic versus social factors on such risks. We aimed to study both first- and second-generation immigrant women for the presence of all types of hypertension (preexisting hypertension, gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, and eclampsia) during pregnancy.

METHODS AND RESULTS: A cohort study was conducted using data derived from the Swedish National Birth Register, the National Patient Register, and the total Population Register. We used Cox regression analysis to compute hazard …


Pessary Use In Urology Clinics, Kathy Z. Lu BS, Emily Brodowsky MD, Alex Stephens MS, Samantha Raffee MD, Humphrey Atiemo MD 2024 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Pessary Use In Urology Clinics, Kathy Z. Lu Bs, Emily Brodowsky Md, Alex Stephens Ms, Samantha Raffee Md, Humphrey Atiemo Md

Medical Student Research Symposium

Introduction: Pessaries are a non-invasive treatment option for patients with pelvic organ prolapse (POP) or stress urinary incontinence (SUI). There is currently limited data regarding pessary usage among urology patients. The aim of this study is to determine the patient characteristics that predict long term pessary usage versus surgical intervention.

Methods: A 10-year retrospective review of pessary usage in women with either SUI or POP was performed. Patients were stratified into pessary longevity of less than or greater than one year. Quality of life measures before and after pessary use included pads per day, incontinence symptom index (ISI) scores, and …


Exploring The Effects Of Amniotic Bladder Therapy On Female Sexual Dysfunction In Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome Patients, Jonathan D. Lutchka, Jack Vercnocke MD, David Pearlman MD, Aron Liaw MD, Nivedita Dhar MD 2024 Wayne State University

Exploring The Effects Of Amniotic Bladder Therapy On Female Sexual Dysfunction In Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome Patients, Jonathan D. Lutchka, Jack Vercnocke Md, David Pearlman Md, Aron Liaw Md, Nivedita Dhar Md

Medical Student Research Symposium

Introduction and Objectives: Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is commonly associated with Interstitial Cystitis/Bladder Pain Syndrome (IC/BPS). FSD manifests as abnormalities in sexual desire, arousal, orgasm, pain, distress, and satisfaction. Our primary objective was to assess the impact of micronized amniotic membrane injections (AM) on FSD and lower urinary tract symptoms using comprehensive measures, including the multi-domain Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), the Pain Visual Analog Scale (VAS), and the Interstitial Cystitis Symptom Index (ICSI) and Interstitial Cystitis Problem Index (ICPI).

Methods: Study participants included patients diagnosed with IC/BPS and FSD refractory to traditional therapies. Under general anesthesia, these …


Assessment Of Breastfeeding Education In Medical Training, Saranya Madan, Abigail Kuplicki 2024 Wayne State University

Assessment Of Breastfeeding Education In Medical Training, Saranya Madan, Abigail Kuplicki

Medical Student Research Symposium

In 2019, the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine issued a revised set of educational objectives for medical trainees at various stages of education. In this statement, objectives for medical school were broken down into preclinical and clinical training objectives. In this project, our goal is to assess the degree to which medical training at Wayne State University School of Medicine is addressing these aims.

The assessment of breastfeeding education is accomplished by surveying medical students at various stages of training (M1-M4) and eliciting their level of confidence in and understanding of the topics outlined in the objectives by the Academy of …


Dhea: A Neglected Biological Signal That May Affect Fetal And Child Development, Natasha A. Bailey, Elysia Poggi Davis, Curt A. Sandman, Laura M. Glynn 2024 University of Virginia

Dhea: A Neglected Biological Signal That May Affect Fetal And Child Development, Natasha A. Bailey, Elysia Poggi Davis, Curt A. Sandman, Laura M. Glynn

Psychology Faculty Articles and Research

The stress-sensitive maternal hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis through the end-product cortisol, represents a primary pathway through which maternal experience shapes fetal development with long-term consequences for child neurodevelopment. However, there is another HPA axis end-product that has been widely ignored in the study of human pregnancy. The synthesis and release of dehydroepiandosterone (DHEA) is similar to cortisol, so it is a plausible, but neglected, biological signal that may influence fetal neurodevelopment. DHEA also may interact with cortisol to determine developmental outcomes. Surprisingly, there is virtually nothing known about human fetal exposure to prenatal maternal DHEA and offspring neurodevelopment. The current study …


Assisted Delivery Device, Rachel Rowe, Madeliene Mumford, Jenna Eissmann, Brittany Trinh 2024 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Assisted Delivery Device, Rachel Rowe, Madeliene Mumford, Jenna Eissmann, Brittany Trinh

Biomedical Engineering

Current devices used to assist in complicated births present serious risks to both the mother and the fetus, which has caused a decline in the use of these devices over the last decade. This senior project team has proposed an alternative device that interfaces with the infant’s shoulders that would decrease these risks and contribute to the decrease of unnecessary c-sections due to device inadequacy. This Statement of Work includes research on the downfalls of current devices, existing patents, customer requirements, engineering specifications, and a design plan through December of this year. The next phase of this project will include …


Recent Studies In The Surgical Treatment Of Tetralogy Of Fallot, Emma C. Gardner 2024 Nova Southeastern University

Recent Studies In The Surgical Treatment Of Tetralogy Of Fallot, Emma C. Gardner

Mako: NSU Undergraduate Student Journal

No abstract provided.


Ogilvie's Syndrome: Acute Colonic Pseudoobstruction. A Review For Residents., Tyler Bayliss, Caleb Clark, Errington C. Thompson 2024 Marshall University

Ogilvie's Syndrome: Acute Colonic Pseudoobstruction. A Review For Residents., Tyler Bayliss, Caleb Clark, Errington C. Thompson

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Ogilvie's syndrome (acute colonic pseudoobstruction) was first described in 1948. Acute colonic pseudoobstruction can occur in a variety of clinical settings, including postsurgical, obstetrics, pelvic surgery, critical care and sepsis. Clinicians need to recognize the syndrome early. Colonic distention without evidence of obstruction can be seen on plain films of the abdomen or CT scan. Successful therapies, including bowel rest, neostigmine and colonoscopic decompression, have been used. Avoiding respiratory compromise from abdominal distention and colonic perforation of the primary goals of treatment. Surgical intervention should be reserved for patients who are refractory to medical treatment or develops signs and symptoms …


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