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Maternal Health Outcomes Of The Least And Most Vulnerable Counties In Nj, Nayarith Lopez 2024 Rowan University

Maternal Health Outcomes Of The Least And Most Vulnerable Counties In Nj, Nayarith Lopez

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

- Maternal health continues to be of great concern in the United States.

-The maternal mortality rate for 2021 was 32.9 deaths per 100,000 live births, an increase from both 2020 and 2021.1

-The leading causes of pregnancy-related death are mental health, hemorrhage, and cardiovascular conditions. Most are preventable.2

-New Jersey ranks 27th, with 24.1 deaths occurring within 42 days of the end of a pregnancy per 100,000 live births.3

-While rates for the entire state show a need for improvement, in comparison to northern and central regions, rates in the southern region of NJ are approximately twice the state …


Management Strategies For Traumatic Injuries In Pregnant Women: A Comprehensive Literature Review, Jaylyn D. Thompson, Jenna Zappetti, Clarence Julian Clark II 2024 Rowan University

Management Strategies For Traumatic Injuries In Pregnant Women: A Comprehensive Literature Review, Jaylyn D. Thompson, Jenna Zappetti, Clarence Julian Clark Ii

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Introduction: Traumatic injuries in pregnant women are the leading cause of non-obstetric death and affect 6% to 8% of all pregnancies. Therefore, it is imperative to maintain updated guidelines to construct a framework for the optimal management strategies for traumatic injuries in pregnant women, considering the perspectives of obstetrics/gynecology, emergency medicine, and orthopedics.

Methods: To conduct this study, research was done via a database search through the Rowan-Virtua School of Osteopathic Medicine’s research library. PubMed was the sole database used to review 8 peer-reviewed sources. Articles that were published within the last 10 years were chosen.

Results: Every woman with …


Investigating The Link Between Preeclampsia/Eclampsia In Mothers And Cardiovascular Risk Among Their Neurodivergent Children, Jasmine Emanuel, Andrea Iannuzzelli, Venkateswar Venkataraman 2024 Rowan University

Investigating The Link Between Preeclampsia/Eclampsia In Mothers And Cardiovascular Risk Among Their Neurodivergent Children, Jasmine Emanuel, Andrea Iannuzzelli, Venkateswar Venkataraman

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Preeclampsia/Eclampsia are common gestational conditions among pregnant women. These individuals have hypertension after 20 weeks of gestation, proteinuria/end-stage organ disease, and may have seizures. These conditions can put the mother and fetus at risk.1,2 A review of literature investigates whether an association exists between congenital heart defects (CHD), and maternal preeclampsia/eclampsia in the neurotypical and neurodivergent population. The Rowan-Virtua Regional Integrated Special Needs (RISN) Center patient population was used to investigate whether maternal preeclampsia/eclampsia is indicative of higher congenital heart disease (CHD) in their neurodivergent children to achieve better quality of care. As a first step towards exploring the …


Chronic Schizophrenia Presenting With Psychogenic Polydipsia Masking Stage Iv Uterine Adenocarcinoma, Dakota B. Pastore, Kamayel Jaludi, Angelo Sica MD 2024 Rowan University

Chronic Schizophrenia Presenting With Psychogenic Polydipsia Masking Stage Iv Uterine Adenocarcinoma, Dakota B. Pastore, Kamayel Jaludi, Angelo Sica Md

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Background: Psychogenic polydipsia (PPD) is a condition of excessive water intake and seeking behavior with a 6-20% prevalence among patients with psychiatric illnesses, commonly Schizophrenia. It remains unknown how often concomitant disease can mask other, more serious conditions in psychiatric patients.

Case Description: The patient is a 58-year-old Hispanic, white female with chronic schizophrenia complicated by multiple hospitalizations for hyponatremia secondary to PPD. The patient initially presented to the emergency department (ED) in 2016 with abdominal pain, was treated symptomatically and discharged. From 2020 to 2023, the patient was readmitted seven more times, with two suspected aspirin overdoses, an Ambien …


A Review Of Risk Factors, Adverse Outcomes, And Counseling Strategies Among Pregnant Individuals With Eating Disorders, Alexandra Fontaine, Emily Meale 2024 Rowan University

A Review Of Risk Factors, Adverse Outcomes, And Counseling Strategies Among Pregnant Individuals With Eating Disorders, Alexandra Fontaine, Emily Meale

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Background: Eating disorders (EDs) among women of childbearing age have become more prevalent on the global level. Identifying at-risk populations of women having EDs before, during, or after pregnancy is essential for clinicians to improve treatment and decrease the likelihood of negative maternal and/or fetal outcomes. Purpose: The purpose is to determine risk factors for women who have EDs throughout pregnancy, to identify negative pregnancy outcomes of women suffering from EDs, and to explore treatment and counseling options through the postpartum period. Methods: This literature review mainly utilizes sources from PubMed and the National Institute of Health databases. An expansive …


Addressing The Black Maternal Mortality Rate, Kennedy Sanders, Venkateswar Venkataraman, Kate Whelihan 2024 Rowan University

Addressing The Black Maternal Mortality Rate, Kennedy Sanders, Venkateswar Venkataraman, Kate Whelihan

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Introduction: As of 2021, the Black maternal mortality rate in the United States was 69.9 deaths per 100,000 live births as compared to the national average of 32.9 and the White American average of 26.61. It has been demonstrated that this discrepancy is not fully explained by socioeconomic status. Doulas are professionals who provide support and guidance throughout pregnancy, birth, and early parenthood. Encouraging the use of doulas may be an effective approach to improve the birth experience for Black mothers. Methods: A literature review was performed using PubMed and the following search strings: maternal mortality rate (+race, +race +ethnicity, …


Investigating The Efficacy Of Myo-Inositol In Adolescents With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Scoping Review, Mariam Sharobeem 2024 Rowan University

Investigating The Efficacy Of Myo-Inositol In Adolescents With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A Scoping Review, Mariam Sharobeem

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects approximately 6 to 13% of adolescent girls in the United States.6 PCOS poses difficulty with diagnosing and treatment with adolescents as its symptoms are heterogenous and are often rationalized with other diagnoses. Key diagnostic features of PCOS include irregular menstruation, infertility, obesity, hirsutism, increased risk of diabetes mellitus, hypertension, lipid abnormalities and metabolic syndrome.12 Currently, there are no pharmacological therapies approved by the FDA to treat PCOS.5 Alternatives include pharmacological management of symptoms with medications like combined oral contraceptive pills, metformin and anti-obesity agents.6 Recently, more discussion about the lack of PCOS treatment has been …


A Rare Intervention: Perimortem Hysterotomy In An Obstetric Emergency In A 32-Year-Old Female, Alex Mirchandani 2024 Jefferson Health NJ

A Rare Intervention: Perimortem Hysterotomy In An Obstetric Emergency In A 32-Year-Old Female, Alex Mirchandani

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

In the realm of obstetric emergencies, perimortem hysterotomy stands as a rare but crucial intervention, employed in dire circumstances to salvage both maternal and fetal lives. This procedure, involving the surgical delivery of a fetus from a mother in cardiac arrest, presents a unique set of challenges and ethical considerations for healthcare providers. This case report delves into the intricate details surrounding a perimortem hysterotomy performed under emergent conditions, exploring the clinical decision-making process, procedural intricacies, and outcomes. Through this narrative, we aim to shed light on the complexities of managing obstetric emergencies, emphasizing the critical role of timely intervention …


Unplanned Pregnancy As An Independent Risk Factor For Antepartum Si In A Post Roe Vs. Wade World, Rianna McNamee 2024 Rowan University

Unplanned Pregnancy As An Independent Risk Factor For Antepartum Si In A Post Roe Vs. Wade World, Rianna Mcnamee

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Abstract: The objective of this literature review is to determine whether unplanned pregnancy is an independent risk factor for developing antepartum SI. Background: The Supreme Court of the United States of America recently ruled that the constitution of the United States does not confer a right to abortion to its citizens. As of October 2023, twenty-one states had developed full or partial bans on abortion, resulting in millions of Americans residing in areas where terminating unplanned pregnancy is not a viable option. There is evidence that indicates antepartum suicidal ideation (SI) is higher than that of the general population, however …


Does Esketamine In Cesarean Delivery Increase Postoperative Adversities And Related Diseases?, Cheryce Daniel, Kylon Coombs 2024 Rowan University

Does Esketamine In Cesarean Delivery Increase Postoperative Adversities And Related Diseases?, Cheryce Daniel, Kylon Coombs

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Esketamine has emerged as a promising treatment option, particularly noted for its effectiveness in reducing postpartum depression, alleviating pain, and promoting faster recovery. Despite its therapeutic benefits, recent research has raised concerns regarding potential adverse effects associated with high doses of esketamine in patients. Specifically, there is growing interest in understanding the potential risks linked to the administration of esketamine during cesarean delivery, given its increasing use in obstetric anesthesia.

This comprehensive review aims to investigate the potential associations between the use of esketamine during cesarean delivery and the subsequent risk of related diseases or physiological disorders. The goal is …


Implementation Of Prenatal And Postpartum Depression Screening For A Telehealth Company, Allison Herrmann, Lori Deibel 2024 Southern Illinois University Edwardsville

Implementation Of Prenatal And Postpartum Depression Screening For A Telehealth Company, Allison Herrmann, Lori Deibel

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Abstract

Depression is a leading mental health disorder. Depression occurring during the perinatal and postpartum periods has become highly prevalent throughout the world, impacting 5-10% of women during (van de Loo et al., 2018) and 9-23.5% postpartum (Bauman et al., 2020). Proper diagnosis and treatment of perinatal and postpartum depression (PPD) is crucial, as depression can lead to poor outcomes including relationship complications and negatively affect child development (Slomain, 2019). The implementation of screening tools can help identify women at risk based on their signs and symptoms of PPD (Bauman et al., 2020). The primary goal of this project was …


Photon Irradation And Cisplatin Enrich Cancer Stem Cells In Ovarian Cancer, Ashley Antonissen 2024 California State University - San Bernardino

Photon Irradation And Cisplatin Enrich Cancer Stem Cells In Ovarian Cancer, Ashley Antonissen

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

High Grade Serous Ovarian Cancer (HGSOC) has a 5-year survival rate of less than 50%. Ovarian cancer is one of the deadliest gynecological diseases and the 7th most common female cancer worldwide. Ovarian cancer patients generally have a poor prognosis despite the relatively successful treatments. When conventional cancer treatments, such as cisplatin chemotherapy and photon irradiation, are administered, residual cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) can survive, leading to CSC enrichment. CSCs are a small population of cancer cells that exhibit stem-like characteristics: quiescence (slowing of the cell cycle), differentiation, proliferation, and self-renewal to regenerate new CSCs. We hypothesized that providing cancer …


Perinatal Buprenorphine Effects On Offspring Growth, Opioid Withdrawal, And Brain Morphology In Rats, Parker Barnes 2024 East Tennessee State University

Perinatal Buprenorphine Effects On Offspring Growth, Opioid Withdrawal, And Brain Morphology In Rats, Parker Barnes

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Opioid use disorder (OUD) impacts 5.6 million people in the US. Buprenorphine (BUP) is a commonly prescribed opioid medication used to treat OUD, including in pregnant women. However, opioid use during pregnancy is associated with poorer infant outcomes including reduced fetal growth, neurodevelopmental deficits, and neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome (NOWS). Recent clinical data suggests that providing mothers with a lower dose of BUP may result in fewer negative outcomes in infants. Here, a preclinical rodent model of low-dose perinatal BUP exposure was used to study offspring health outcomes in the neonate, juvenile, and adolescent offspring. Dams were given clinically relevant …


When Intervention Becomes Imperative: A Case Report Of Spontaneous Vulvar Edema During Pregnancy, Vo Anh Vinh Trang, Thao-Ngan Nguyen Pham, Bao Huy Le, Thien Tan Tri Tai Truyen, Hoang Kim Tu Trinh, Kieu-Minh Le, Huu Doan Pham, Ngoc Minh Tam Nguyen, Quoc Kha Tran, Phuc Cam Hoang Nguyen, Vinh Hung Tran 2024 The Texas Medical Center Library

When Intervention Becomes Imperative: A Case Report Of Spontaneous Vulvar Edema During Pregnancy, Vo Anh Vinh Trang, Thao-Ngan Nguyen Pham, Bao Huy Le, Thien Tan Tri Tai Truyen, Hoang Kim Tu Trinh, Kieu-Minh Le, Huu Doan Pham, Ngoc Minh Tam Nguyen, Quoc Kha Tran, Phuc Cam Hoang Nguyen, Vinh Hung Tran

Journal Articles

Spontaneous idiopathic vulvar edema during the second trimester is a rare condition. The approach to managing this condition involves relieving symptoms, identifying underlying causes, and implementing appropriate treatment. Managing such cases during pregnancy is challenging because of concerns for potential adverse fetal outcomes. Conservative management expects the condition to be relieved spontaneously postpartum, whereas invasive treatment offers a more rapid resolution. Treatment choices are controversial because each method has its pros and cons and influences the delivery process to a certain extent. Surgical drainage becomes a viable option when patients are not responsive to medications. We report a case of …


Ectopic Pregnancy Located At Pelvic Wall And Liver: Two Uncommon Case Reports From Vietnam And Mini-Review Literature, Thanh Hai Pham, Van Hoang Bui, Van Hung Nguyen, Phuc Nhon Nguyen 2024 The Texas Medical Center Library

Ectopic Pregnancy Located At Pelvic Wall And Liver: Two Uncommon Case Reports From Vietnam And Mini-Review Literature, Thanh Hai Pham, Van Hoang Bui, Van Hung Nguyen, Phuc Nhon Nguyen

Journal Articles

INTRODUCTION AND IMPORTANCE: Abdominal ectopic pregnancy (AEP) located at hepatic region and pelvic-wall ectopic pregnancy (EP) are rare entities, that provoking a potentially life-threatening condition. Due to insufficient data, a proper management of non-specific types remains a challenge for all gynecologists worldwide.

CASE PRESENTATION: Two child-bearing age women were hospitalized due to delayed menstruation and a urine pregnancy test was positive without a determination of intrauterine pregnancy. The first EP case was located at the pelvic wall which identified incidentally during laparoscopy for a presumed tubal ectopic pregnancy on ultrasonography throughout. The second EP case was found at the hepatic …


Smoking During Pregnancy; An Epidemiologic Study Of Knowledge And Behavior In Caucasian Women, Victoria Maria Ruta, Teodora Gabriela Alexescu, Nicoleta Stefania Motoc, Roxana Constantin, Daisy Vaida-Voevod, Milena Adina Man 2024 Leon Daniello Clinical Hospital of Pulmonology, Cluj Napoca, Cluj, Romania

Smoking During Pregnancy; An Epidemiologic Study Of Knowledge And Behavior In Caucasian Women, Victoria Maria Ruta, Teodora Gabriela Alexescu, Nicoleta Stefania Motoc, Roxana Constantin, Daisy Vaida-Voevod, Milena Adina Man

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Introduction. Although it is an easily avoidable lifestyle, tobacco use during pregnancy is an important chronic health care problem, potentially leading to severe pregnancy complications for both mother and infant. Objectives. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the level of knowledge regarding the effects of tobacco smoking during pregnancy. Methods. An online self-report questionnaire was administered using social networks and websites to women who were pregnant or who had recently given birth. Results. 1357 women were eligible to be included in the study. 919 women smoked during their pregnancy, 105 smoked but stopped before pregnancy (former smoker) and …


Ovarian Cancer Prevention And Screening – Where Do We Stand Today?, Cristina Bucur, Irina Balescu, Sorin Petrea, Bogdan Gaspar, Lucian Pop, Valentin Varlas, Adrian Hasegan, Marilena Stoian, Gabriel Petre Gorecki, Nicolae Bacalbasa 2024 Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania

Ovarian Cancer Prevention And Screening – Where Do We Stand Today?, Cristina Bucur, Irina Balescu, Sorin Petrea, Bogdan Gaspar, Lucian Pop, Valentin Varlas, Adrian Hasegan, Marilena Stoian, Gabriel Petre Gorecki, Nicolae Bacalbasa

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Widely recognized as the most deathful gynecologic malignancy affecting women worldwide, ovarian cancer has reported a significant decline in terms of prevalence and incidence in the last decades. This fact has been especially explained by to the use of menopausal hormonal therapy and of oral contraceptives in association with genetic, oncologic and gynecologic counseling. The aim of the current review is to discuss about actual ovarian cancer prevention and screening tools. For this reason, we reviewed several data related to ovarian cancer, such as: incidence and risk factors, histopathological types (epithelial with high- and low-grade serous carcinomas, clear cell carcinoma, …


The Effectiveness Of Dexmedetomidine As An Adjunct In Spinal Anesthesia For Pain Relief In Cesarean Patients: A Scoping Review, Tyler Polanco BSN, RN, William Riley BSN, RN, Michelle Russell BSN, RN, Christina Samson BSN, RN, Bria Sharp BSN, RN, Dwayne Accardo DNP, CCRNA, FAANA 2024 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

The Effectiveness Of Dexmedetomidine As An Adjunct In Spinal Anesthesia For Pain Relief In Cesarean Patients: A Scoping Review, Tyler Polanco Bsn, Rn, William Riley Bsn, Rn, Michelle Russell Bsn, Rn, Christina Samson Bsn, Rn, Bria Sharp Bsn, Rn, Dwayne Accardo Dnp, Ccrna, Faana

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

No abstract provided.


Improving Patients’ Perception Of Provider Trust And Communication With Birth Plans, Christelle Reeves, Nicole Tenzel, Timothy Kremer 2024 HCA Healthcare

Improving Patients’ Perception Of Provider Trust And Communication With Birth Plans, Christelle Reeves, Nicole Tenzel, Timothy Kremer

North Texas Research Forum 2024

Objective: Birth plans are an effective tool for a pregnant person to express their desires and expectations for labor and postpartum. Shortcomings of birth plans can be found whenever there is a lapse in communication between provider and patient. In the management of labor and emergent situations, it has been observed by patients that obstetric providers can communicate in authoritarian and dismissive manners. In response to this, birth plans were developed to serve as a guide in these scenarios. Birth plans allow a pregnant person to design a thoughtful plan of action with their healthcare provider before giving birth, rather …


An Ot Program To Support Women With High-Risk Pregnancy, Mackenzie M. Morgan, Cassandra Nelson 2024 University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences

An Ot Program To Support Women With High-Risk Pregnancy, Mackenzie M. Morgan, Cassandra Nelson

Spring 2024 Virtual OTD Capstone Symposium

This poster is an overview of an occupational therapy program developed at a Women's Health OBGYN Clinic in Texas. The program was designed to address the needs of women with high-risk pregnancy and focused on mental health, physical health, energy conservation, emotional regulation, and social participation. The findings indicate the needs for further research to understand how occupational therapy can support women's health and an expansion of program offerings to increase support for high-risk pregnancy.


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