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340 full-text articles. Page 4 of 14.

Beyond The Transition Of Adolescents And Young Adults With Sickle Cell Disease To Adult Care: Role Of Geography., Nina Anderson, James R. Eckman, Samir K. Ballas 2017 St. Christopher Hospital; Tova Healthcare

Beyond The Transition Of Adolescents And Young Adults With Sickle Cell Disease To Adult Care: Role Of Geography., Nina Anderson, James R. Eckman, Samir K. Ballas

Cardeza Foundation for Hematologic Research

No abstract provided.


Identification Of A Functional Genetic Variant Driving Racially Dimorphic Platelet Gene Expression Of The Thrombin Receptor Regulator, Pctp., Xianguo Kong, Lukas M. Simon, Michael Holinstat, Chad A. Shaw, Paul F. Bray, Leonard C. Edelstein 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

Identification Of A Functional Genetic Variant Driving Racially Dimorphic Platelet Gene Expression Of The Thrombin Receptor Regulator, Pctp., Xianguo Kong, Lukas M. Simon, Michael Holinstat, Chad A. Shaw, Paul F. Bray, Leonard C. Edelstein

Cardeza Foundation for Hematologic Research

Platelet activation in response to stimulation of the Protease Activated Receptor 4 (PAR4) receptor differs by race. One factor that contributes to this difference is the expression level of Phosphatidylcholine Transfer Protein (PCTP), a regulator of platelet PAR4 function. We have conducted an expression Quantitative Trait Locus (eQTL) analysis that identifies single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) linked to the expression level of platelet genes. This analysis revealed 26 SNPs associated with the expression level of PCTP at genome-wide significance (p < 5×10(-8)). Using annotation from ENCODE and other public data we prioritised one of these SNPs, rs2912553, for functional testing. The allelic frequency of rs2912553 is racially-dimorphic, in concordance with the racially differential expression of PCTP. Reporter gene assays confirmed that the single nucleotide change caused by rs2912553 altered the transcriptional potency of the surrounding genomic locus. Electromobility shift assays, luciferase assays, and overexpression studies indicated a role for the megakaryocytic transcription factor GATA1. In summary, we have integrated multi-omic data to identify and functionalise an eQTL. This, along with the previously described relationship between PCTP and PAR4 function, allows us to characterise a genotype-phenotype relationship through the mechanism of gene expression.


Dox Inducible Idh2 R140q Expression In Stem Cells Results In Cell Death, Opposite Of Cancerous Overgrowth, Reuben Hogan 2017 Washington University in St. Louis

Dox Inducible Idh2 R140q Expression In Stem Cells Results In Cell Death, Opposite Of Cancerous Overgrowth, Reuben Hogan

Undergraduate Research Symposium Posters

Mutations in isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) 1 or 2 are found in about 23% of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) samples and about 90% of gliomas. Mutations result in neomorphic function of the IDH enzyme that yields the novel molecule 2-hydroxyglutarate (2HG) instead of alpha-ketoglutarate (aKG). 2HG is known to be associated with hypermethylation of DNA and histones, a phenotype seen in AML. Our lab intends to study the mechanism by which hypermethylation is achieved and how this mechanism relates to the onset of cancer. In this experiment, we utilized a line of H9 stem cells which we had developed. These cells ...


Targeting The Glucose Metabolism Of Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cells (Mdscs) To Stimulate Cancer Immunity., Jaspreet Grewal 2017 University of Louisville

Targeting The Glucose Metabolism Of Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cells (Mdscs) To Stimulate Cancer Immunity., Jaspreet Grewal

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Myeloid derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are a heterogeneous group of immature myeloid cells that are significantly increased in cancer patients and correlate with higher stage and poor prognosis. MDSCs negatively modulate anti-tumor immunity, suppress T cell activity, promote angiogenesis and increase the risk of metastasis. In this study, we report that monocytic-MDSCs (M-MDSCs) but polymorphonuclear-MDSCs (PMN-MDSCs) over-express 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2, 6-bisphosphatases 3 (PFKFB3), an important regulator of glycolysis. Furthermore in the melanoma model, M-MDSCs but not PMN-MDSCs suppressed T cell function which correlated with PFKFB3 over-expression and increased rate of glycolysis. PFKFB3 inhibition with the first-in-class small molecule inhibitor, PFK-158 reversed ...


Improved Survival After Acute Graft-Versus-Host Disease Diagnosis In The Modern Era, H Khoury, T Wang, M Hemmer, D Couriel, A Alousi, Mitchell Cairo, J Pidala 2017 New York Medical College

Improved Survival After Acute Graft-Versus-Host Disease Diagnosis In The Modern Era, H Khoury, T Wang, M Hemmer, D Couriel, A Alousi, Mitchell Cairo, J Pidala

NYMC Faculty Publications

Acute graft-versus-host disease remains a major threat to a successful outcome after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation. While improvements in treatment and supportive care have occurred, it is unknown whether these advances have resulted in improved outcome specifically among those diagnosed with acute graft-versus-host disease. We examined outcome following diagnosis of grade II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease according to time period, and explored effects according to original graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis regimen and maximum overall grade of acute graft-versus-host disease. Between 1999 and 2012, 2,905 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (56%), acute ...


Improved Survival After Acute Graft-Versus-Host Disease Diagnosis In The Modern Era., Hanna J. Khoury, Tao Wang, Michael T. Hemmer, Daniel Couriel, Amin Alousi, Corey Cutler, Mahmoud Aljurf, Joseph H Antin, Mouhab Ayas, Minoo Battiwalla, Jean-Yves Cahn, Mitchell Cairo, Yi-Bin Chen, Robert Peter Gale, Shahrukh Hashmi, Robert J. Hayashi, Madan Jagasia, Mark Juckett, Rammurti T. Kamble, Mohamed Kharfan-Dabaja, Mark Litzow, Navneet Majhail, Alan Miller, Taiga Nishihori, Muna Qayed, Helene Schoemans, Harry C. Schouten, Gerard Socie, Jan Storek, Leo Verdonck, Ravi Vij, William A. Wood, Lolie Yu, Rodrigo Martino, Matthew Carabasi, Christopher Dandoy, Usama Gergis, Peiman Hematti, Melham Solh, Kareem Jamani, Leslie Lehmann, Bipin Savani, Kirk R. Schultz, Baldeep M. Wirk, Stephen Spellman, Mukta Arora, Joseph Pidala 2017 Winship Cancer Institute of Emory University

Improved Survival After Acute Graft-Versus-Host Disease Diagnosis In The Modern Era., Hanna J. Khoury, Tao Wang, Michael T. Hemmer, Daniel Couriel, Amin Alousi, Corey Cutler, Mahmoud Aljurf, Joseph H Antin, Mouhab Ayas, Minoo Battiwalla, Jean-Yves Cahn, Mitchell Cairo, Yi-Bin Chen, Robert Peter Gale, Shahrukh Hashmi, Robert J. Hayashi, Madan Jagasia, Mark Juckett, Rammurti T. Kamble, Mohamed Kharfan-Dabaja, Mark Litzow, Navneet Majhail, Alan Miller, Taiga Nishihori, Muna Qayed, Helene Schoemans, Harry C. Schouten, Gerard Socie, Jan Storek, Leo Verdonck, Ravi Vij, William A. Wood, Lolie Yu, Rodrigo Martino, Matthew Carabasi, Christopher Dandoy, Usama Gergis, Peiman Hematti, Melham Solh, Kareem Jamani, Leslie Lehmann, Bipin Savani, Kirk R. Schultz, Baldeep M. Wirk, Stephen Spellman, Mukta Arora, Joseph Pidala

Department of Medical Oncology Faculty Papers

A cute graft-versus-host disease remains a major threat to a successful outcome after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation. While improvements in treatment and supportive care have occurred, it is unknown whether these advances have resulted in improved outcome specifically among those diagnosed with acute graft-versus-host disease. We examined outcome following diagnosis of grade II-IV acute graft-versus-host disease according to time period, and explored effects according to original graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis regimen and maximum overall grade of acute graft-versus-host disease. Between 1999 and 2012, 2,905 patients with acute myeloid leukemia (56%), acute lymphoblastic leukemia (30%) or myelodysplastic syndromes (14%) received a ...


Low Molecular-Weight Heparin Is Better Than Warfarin For Prevention Of Recurrent Venous Thromboembolism In Cancer Patients, Sarah Choi 2017 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Low Molecular-Weight Heparin Is Better Than Warfarin For Prevention Of Recurrent Venous Thromboembolism In Cancer Patients, Sarah Choi

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Lee AYY, Levin MN, Bake RI, et al. Low-molecular-weight heparin versus a coumarin for the prevention of recurrent venous thromboembolism in patients with cancer. N Engl J Med. 2003;349:146-153. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa025313


Role Of Modern Immunotherapy In Gastrointestinal Malignancies: A Review Of Current Clinical Progress, Zin W. Myint, Gaurav Goel 2017 University of Kentucky

Role Of Modern Immunotherapy In Gastrointestinal Malignancies: A Review Of Current Clinical Progress, Zin W. Myint, Gaurav Goel

Markey Cancer Center Faculty Publications

Gastrointestinal (GI) cancers are a group of highly aggressive malignancies with a huge disease burden worldwide. There is clearly a significant unmet need for new drugs and therapies to further improve the treatment outcomes of GI malignancies. Immunotherapy is a novel treatment strategy that is emerging as an effective and promising treatment option against several types of cancers. CTLA-4 and PD-1 are critical immune checkpoint molecules that negatively regulate T cell activation via distinct mechanisms. Immune checkpoint blockade with antibodies directed against these pathways has already shown clinical efficacy that has led to their FDA approval in the treatment of ...


Herpes Simplex Proctitis Mimicking Inflammatory Bowel Disease In A Teenaged Male, Kristen E Sandgren, Nathan B Price, Warren P Bishop, Patrick J McCarthy 2017 University of Iowa

Herpes Simplex Proctitis Mimicking Inflammatory Bowel Disease In A Teenaged Male, Kristen E Sandgren, Nathan B Price, Warren P Bishop, Patrick J Mccarthy

Stead Family Department of Pediatrics Publications

We report the case of a 17-year-old male who was initially assessed for pain with defecation, bloody rectal discharge, and diarrhea, consistent with proctitis. Though proctitis is most commonly due to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), infectious etiologies must also be considered, including sexually transmitted causes of infectious proctitis. In discussion of his sexual history, he identified as homosexual and acknowledged engaging in receptive anal intercourse. Rectal biopsies obtained via colonoscopy were culture-positive for herpes simplex virus (HSV), leading to a diagnosis of HSV proctitis and treatment with an appropriate antiviral medication. HSV proctitis is more common in individuals with high-risk ...


The Role Of Platelet Microvesicles In Intercellular Communication., Leonard C. Edelstein 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

The Role Of Platelet Microvesicles In Intercellular Communication., Leonard C. Edelstein

Cardeza Foundation for Hematologic Research

In recent years, there has been exponential growth in the interest in microvesicles, which is reflected by the number of publications. Initially referred to as "platelet dust" by Peter Wolf in 1967, platelet microvesicles (PMV) are now recognized as important mediators of intercellular communication. There are examples of PMV exerting physiological effects on almost all hematological and vascular cell types, including monocytes, macrophages, neutrophils, T-cells, endothelium cells, and smooth muscle cells (SMCs). PMV can exert these effects by multiple methods: extracellular signaling through receptors, transfer of surface molecules, and delivery of intracellular contents including miRNA. Recent work suggests a complex ...


Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia Associated With Babesiosis, R Narurkar, A Mamorska-Dyga, John Nelson, Delong Liu 2017 New York Medical College

Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia Associated With Babesiosis, R Narurkar, A Mamorska-Dyga, John Nelson, Delong Liu

NYMC Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Babesiosis is endemic in selected areas in North America. Babesia infection is commonly associated with anemia, thrombocytopenia, hyponatremia and elevated liver enzymes. Autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) is known to be caused by parasitic and viral infections but has not been well characterized. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe two cases diagnosed with babesiosis triggering severe AIHA. One case had history of splenectomy, and the other was an elderly patient. Older, immunocompromised and asplenic patients may be particularly at risk for post-babesiosis AIHA (PB-AIHA). CONCLUSIONS: The pathogenesis for conventional AIHA and PB-AIHA appears to be different, since splenectomy is a treatment for ...


Diagnosis Of Lchad/Tfp Deficiency In An At Risk Newborn Using Umbilical Cord Blood Acylcarnitine Analysis, Donna Raval, Kristina Cusmano-Ozog, Omar Ayyub, Callie Jenevein, Laura Kofman, Brendan Lanpher, Natalie Hauser, Debra Regier 2017 George Washington University

Diagnosis Of Lchad/Tfp Deficiency In An At Risk Newborn Using Umbilical Cord Blood Acylcarnitine Analysis, Donna Raval, Kristina Cusmano-Ozog, Omar Ayyub, Callie Jenevein, Laura Kofman, Brendan Lanpher, Natalie Hauser, Debra Regier

Pathology Faculty Publications

Trifunctional protein deficiency/Long-chain hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (LCHAD/TFP) deficiency is a disorder of fatty acid oxidation and ketogenesis. Severe neonatal lactic acidosis, cardiomyopathy, and hepatic dysfunction are caused by the accumulation of toxic long-chain acylcarnitines. The feasibility of umbilical cord blood use in screening for acylcarnitine analysis and free carnitine has been hypothesized but not reported in LCHAD/TFP neonates.

We present a 4 week old female who was at risk of inheriting LCHAD/TFP deficiency and was diagnosed at the time of delivery using umbilical cord blood. Umbilical cord blood was collected at delivery and sent for acylcarnitine ...


Peritoneal Lymphomatosis: The Failure Of Occam’S Razor, Ranjit R. Nair MD, Nicole M. Agostino DO, Shereen M F Gheith MD, Usman Shah MD 2017 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Peritoneal Lymphomatosis: The Failure Of Occam’S Razor, Ranjit R. Nair Md, Nicole M. Agostino Do, Shereen M F Gheith Md, Usman Shah Md

Shereen M.F. Gheith, M.D., PhD.

No abstract provided.


Diagnosis And Treatment Of Cd20 Negative B Cell Lymphomas, T Katchi, Delong Liu 2017 New York Medical College

Diagnosis And Treatment Of Cd20 Negative B Cell Lymphomas, T Katchi, Delong Liu

NYMC Faculty Publications

CD20 negative B cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is rare and accounts for approximately 1-2% of B cell lymphomas. CD20- negative NHL is frequently associated with extranodal involvement, atypical morphology, aggressive clinical behaviour, resistance to standard chemotherapy and poor prognosis. The most common types of these include plasmablastic lymphoma, primary effusion lymphoma, large B-cell lymphoma arising from HHV8-associated multicentric Castleman's disease, and ALK+ large B cell lymphoma. This review provides an overview of the diagnostic and treatment modalities for CD20 negative B cell NHL.


A Hemodialysis Cohort Study Of Protocol-Based Anticoagulation Management, Steven Lamontagne, Tinzar Basein, Binyue Chang, Lakshmi Mallela 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Hemodialysis Cohort Study Of Protocol-Based Anticoagulation Management, Steven Lamontagne, Tinzar Basein, Binyue Chang, Lakshmi Mallela

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Chronic hemodialysis patients frequently require anticoagulation treatment with warfarin for a variety of co-morbidities. The optimal method for monitoring and dose adjustment of warfarin-based anticoagulation in this population, however, remains unclear. To examine this more closely, we reviewed all hemodialysis patients at a single institution on chronic warfarin therapy for a 10-month period prior to and after the institution of a standardized protocol for warfarin dose adjustment and monitoring. Anticoagulation efficacy was assessed by time within the therapeutic INR range (TTR), and resource utilization was assessed by the number of weekly INR measurements required for monitoring.

RESULTS: We retrospectively ...


Aapt Diagnostic Criteria For Chronic Sickle Cell Disease Pain., Carlton Dampier, Tonya M Palermo, Deepika S Darbari, Kathryn Hassell, Wally Smith, William Zempsky 2017 George Washington University

Aapt Diagnostic Criteria For Chronic Sickle Cell Disease Pain., Carlton Dampier, Tonya M Palermo, Deepika S Darbari, Kathryn Hassell, Wally Smith, William Zempsky

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Pain in sickle cell disease (SCD) is associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and high health care costs. Although episodic acute pain is the hallmark of this disorder, there is an increasing awareness that chronic pain is part of the pain experience of many older adolescents and adults. A common set of criteria for classifying chronic pain associated with SCD would enhance SCD pain research efforts in epidemiology, pain mechanisms, and clinical trials of pain management interventions, and ultimately improve clinical assessment and management. As part of the collaborative effort between the Analgesic, Anesthetic, and Addiction Clinical Trial Translations Innovations Opportunities ...


Dynamical System Modeling To Simulate Donor T Cell Response To Whole Exome Sequencing-Derived Recipient Peptides: Understanding Randomness In Alloreactivity Incidence Following Stem Cell Transplantation, Vishal Koparde, Badar Abdul Razzaq, Tara Suntum, Roy Sabo, Allison Scalora, Myrna Serrano, Max Jameson-Lee, Charles Hall, David Kobulnicky, Nihar Sheth, Juliana Feltz, Daniel Contaifer, Dayanjan Wijesinghe, Jason Reed, Catherine Roberts, Rehan Qayyum, Gregory Buck, Michael Neale, Amir Toor 2017 Virginia Commonwealth University, Center for the Study of Biological Complexity

Dynamical System Modeling To Simulate Donor T Cell Response To Whole Exome Sequencing-Derived Recipient Peptides: Understanding Randomness In Alloreactivity Incidence Following Stem Cell Transplantation, Vishal Koparde, Badar Abdul Razzaq, Tara Suntum, Roy Sabo, Allison Scalora, Myrna Serrano, Max Jameson-Lee, Charles Hall, David Kobulnicky, Nihar Sheth, Juliana Feltz, Daniel Contaifer, Dayanjan Wijesinghe, Jason Reed, Catherine Roberts, Rehan Qayyum, Gregory Buck, Michael Neale, Amir Toor

Massey Cancer Center Data

Quantitative relationship between the magnitude of variation in minor histocompatibility antigens (mHA) and graft versus host disease (GVHD) pathophysiology in stem cell transplant (SCT) donor-recipient pairs (DRP) is not established. In order to elucidate this relationship, whole exome sequencing (WES) was performed on 27 HLA matched related (MRD), & 50 unrelated donors (URD), to identify nonsynonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). An average 2,463 SNPs were identified in MRD, and 4,287 in URD DRP (p


Your Guide To Immunotherapy, Lehigh Valley Health Network, ACCC Association of Community Cancer Centers 2017 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Your Guide To Immunotherapy, Lehigh Valley Health Network, Accc Association Of Community Cancer Centers

LVHN Cancer Institute

No abstract provided.


Plasmablastic Lymphoma: Case Report Of Prolonged Survival Of An Advanced Human Immunodeficiency Patient And Literature Review, Hind Rafei, Ehab El-Bahesh, Antoine Finianos, Min-Ling Liu, Geraldine Schechter 2017 George Washington University

Plasmablastic Lymphoma: Case Report Of Prolonged Survival Of An Advanced Human Immunodeficiency Patient And Literature Review, Hind Rafei, Ehab El-Bahesh, Antoine Finianos, Min-Ling Liu, Geraldine Schechter

Medicine Faculty Publications

Clinical Practice Points. Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is a rare and highly aggressive variant of diffuse large B cell lymphoma with median survival of advanced stage patients varying between 6 and 15 months in previous reports. We report here a human immunodeficiency virus-infected patient surviving over 12 years following treatment for advanced PBL with EPOCH chemotherapy and intrathecal therapy. This case highlights the potential for improved survival in PBL with intensive chemotherapy. Further, literature review suggests promising prospects utilizing novel targeted therapies to increase the rate of prolonged responses.


Post-Transfusion Purpura: A Case Report Of An Underdiagnosed Phenomenon, Hind Rafei, Raza Yunus, Samah Nassereddine 2017 George Washington University

Post-Transfusion Purpura: A Case Report Of An Underdiagnosed Phenomenon, Hind Rafei, Raza Yunus, Samah Nassereddine

Medicine Faculty Publications

Post-transfusion purpura is a rare transfusion-related complication that often goes undiagnosed. It is due to alloimmunization against platelet antigens which leads to acute profound thrombocytopenia following the transfusion of any platelet-containing product (red blood cells or platelets). It is commonly seen in multiparous women. Here, we report a case of post-transfusion purpura in a 56-year-old multiparous woman who developed acute thrombocytopenia seven days following a packed red blood cell transfusion. We will discuss the clinical presentation, diagnosis, workup and treatment of this rare disease. It is important to recognize this entity separately and to include it in the differential diagnosis ...


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