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853 full-text articles. Page 6 of 34.

Does The Use Of Prophylactic Probiotics Prevent Antibiotic-Associated Diarrhea In Adults Using One Or More Antibiotics?, David E. Castillo 2017 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Does The Use Of Prophylactic Probiotics Prevent Antibiotic-Associated Diarrhea In Adults Using One Or More Antibiotics?, David E. Castillo

PCOM Physician Assistant Studies Student Scholarship

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this selective Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) review is to determine if the use of probiotics can prevent the incidence of antibiotic-associated diarrhea (AAD) in adults using one or more antibiotics.

STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review of three randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled trials in the English language published between 2013 and 2014.

DATA SOURCES: Data sources obtained for this review were articles published in peerreviewed journals found using PubMed and Cochrane databases.

OUTCOME MEASURED: All three studies defined diarrhea as the passage of three or more loose stools in a 24-hour period. All the studies used the Bristol ...


Does Fecal Microbiota Transplantation Cause Clinical Remission In Patients With Ulcerative Colitis?, Amandeep Singh 2017 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Does Fecal Microbiota Transplantation Cause Clinical Remission In Patients With Ulcerative Colitis?, Amandeep Singh

PCOM Physician Assistant Studies Student Scholarship

Objective: The objective of this selective EBM review is to determine whether or not “Does Fecal Microbiota Transplantation cause Clinical Remission in Patients with Ulcerative Colitis?”

Study Design: Review of three English language primary studies published in 2015.

Data Sources: Two randomized control trials and a cohort study determining if fecal microbiota transplantation does lead to clinical remission of Ulcerative Colitis were found by using PubMed and Cochrane databases.

Outcome(s) Measured: The outcomes measured in all three studies were patient oriented evidence that matters which is clinical remission. The outcomes in the Moayyedi et al. was measured by the ...


Is Oral Aloe Vera Effective In Reducing Symptoms In Adults With Irritable Bowel Syndrome (Ibs)?, Chelsey J. Gebhardt 2017 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Is Oral Aloe Vera Effective In Reducing Symptoms In Adults With Irritable Bowel Syndrome (Ibs)?, Chelsey J. Gebhardt

PCOM Physician Assistant Studies Student Scholarship

Objective: The objective of this EBM review is to determine whether or not “Is oral aloe vera effective in reducing symptoms in adults with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) symptoms?”

Study Design: Systematic review of three English, randomized, controlled, double-blind studies, including one cross-over study, were selected based on their relevance to the clinical question. The studies were published in 2006, 2011, and 2015.

Data Sources: Three RCTs analyzing the effects on IBS symptoms of drinking aloe vera daily compared to a placebo drink were found using PubMed.

Outcomes Measured: Various patient-reported IBS symptom questionnaires were utilized to compare the effectiveness ...


Carcinoids And Capsules: A Case Series Highlighting The Utility Of Capsule Endoscopy In Patients With Small Bowel Carcinoids, Michael G. Noujaim, Jonathan Green, May Min, Christopher R. Schlieve, Krunal Patel, Mitchell A. Cahan, David R. Cave 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Carcinoids And Capsules: A Case Series Highlighting The Utility Of Capsule Endoscopy In Patients With Small Bowel Carcinoids, Michael G. Noujaim, Jonathan Green, May Min, Christopher R. Schlieve, Krunal Patel, Mitchell A. Cahan, David R. Cave

Open Access Articles

Background: Neuroendocine tumors (NETs) or carcinoids arise at many different sites of the gastrointestinal tract. The small intestine is the most common site for NETs. Diagnosing small bowel carcinoids remains challenging given their non-specific presentations and the overall low incidence of small bowel tumors. Video capsule endoscopy (VCE) has significanly improved our ability to detect small bowel malignancies. We explore the value of VCE in the initial workup and management of a series of small bowel carcinoid patients.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed adult patients undergoing surgical management for small bowel lesions from July 2005 to September 2015 at a tertiary ...


Site-Specific Selection Reveals Selective Constraints And Functionality Of Tumor Somatic Mtdna Mutations., Deyang Li, Xiaohong Du, Xu Guo, Lei Zhan, Xin Li, Chun Yin, Cheng Chen, Mingkun Li, Bingshan Li, Hushan Yang, Jinliang Xing 2017 Fourth Military Medical University

Site-Specific Selection Reveals Selective Constraints And Functionality Of Tumor Somatic Mtdna Mutations., Deyang Li, Xiaohong Du, Xu Guo, Lei Zhan, Xin Li, Chun Yin, Cheng Chen, Mingkun Li, Bingshan Li, Hushan Yang, Jinliang Xing

Department of Medical Oncology Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have indicated that tumor mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations are primarily shaped by relaxed negative selection, which is contradictory to the critical roles of mtDNA mutations in tumorigenesis. Therefore, we hypothesized that site-specific selection may influence tumor mtDNA mutations.

METHODS: To test our hypothesis, we developed the largest collection of tumor mtDNA mutations to date and evaluated how natural selection shaped mtDNA mutation patterns.

RESULTS: Our data demonstrated that both positive and negative selections acted on specific positions or functional units of tumor mtDNAs, although the landscape of these mutations was consistent with the relaxation of negative selection ...


The Outcome Of Thoracentesis Versus Chest Tube Placement For Hepatic Hydrothorax In Patients With Cirrhosis: A Nationwide Analysis Of The National Inpatient Sample, Ali Ridha, Yasir Al-Abboodi, Matthew J. Fasullo 2017 University of Arkansas at Little Rock

The Outcome Of Thoracentesis Versus Chest Tube Placement For Hepatic Hydrothorax In Patients With Cirrhosis: A Nationwide Analysis Of The National Inpatient Sample, Ali Ridha, Yasir Al-Abboodi, Matthew J. Fasullo

Open Access Articles

There are only a few studies with a small sample size of patients that have compared the risks of using chest tubes versus thoracentesis in hepatic hydrothorax. It has been shown that many complications may arise secondary to chest tube placement and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. In this retrospective study, patients with cirrhosis were identified from the 2009 National Inpatient Sample by using ICD-9 codes; we evaluated the risk of chest tube versus thoracentesis in a largest population with hepatic hydrothorax to date to measure the mortality and the length of stay. A total of 140,573 ...


Fmt Placed By Colonoscopy: Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Nadia Huq, Veena Kumaravel, Aboud Affi, Maharaj Singh 2017 Department of Internal Medicine, Aurora Sinai Medical Center

Fmt Placed By Colonoscopy: Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Nadia Huq, Veena Kumaravel, Aboud Affi, Maharaj Singh

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Background: Fecal transplants are successful in the treatment of recurrent or refractory Clostridium difficile infections (CDI), but there is no consensus on the best method of instillation. Studies have shown greater success with lower gastrointestinal tract placement, but technical aspects of placement are not validated.

Purpose: This review aims to identify common traits and procedural techniques of successful fecal microbiota transplant (FMT) therapy via colonoscopy.

Methods: An electronic search was conducted using OVID Medline and PubMed for articles published from January 2010 to January 2016. The primary outcome of interest was cure by FMT placed via colonoscopy.

Results: Of the ...


Conference Proceedings: Aurora Scientific Day 2017, 2017 Aurora Health Care

Conference Proceedings: Aurora Scientific Day 2017

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

This supplement includes select abstracts presented at the 43rd Annual Aurora Scientific Day research symposium on May 24, 2017. Aurora Scientific Day hosts a forum for original research conducted by faculty, fellows, residents, and other allied health professionals affiliated with Aurora Health Care, an integrated health system headquartered in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.


Prevalence And Risk Of Hepatitis E Virus Infection In The Hiv Population Of Nepal, Ananta Shrestha, Anurag Adhikar, Manjula Bhattarai, Ramanuj Rauniyar, Jose D. Debes, André Boonstra, Thupten K. . Lama, Mamun Al Mahtab, Amna Subhan Butt, Sheikh Mohammad Fazle Akbar 2017 Liver Foundation Nepal, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Prevalence And Risk Of Hepatitis E Virus Infection In The Hiv Population Of Nepal, Ananta Shrestha, Anurag Adhikar, Manjula Bhattarai, Ramanuj Rauniyar, Jose D. Debes, André Boonstra, Thupten K. . Lama, Mamun Al Mahtab, Amna Subhan Butt, Sheikh Mohammad Fazle Akbar

Section of Gastroenterology

Background: Infection with the hepatitis E virus (HEV) can cause acute hepatitis in endemic areas in immune-competent hosts, as well as chronic infection in immune-compromised subjects in non-endemic areas. Most studies assessing HEV infection in HIV-infected populations have been performed in developed countries that are usually affected by HEV genotype 3. The objective of this study is to measure the prevalence and risk of acquiring HEV among HIV-infected individuals in Nepal.

Methods: We prospectively evaluated 459 Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-positive individuals from Nepal, an endemic country for HEV, for seroprevalence of HEV and assessed risk factors associated with HEV ...


A Retrospective Study Evaluating Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Drainage Of Pancreatic Fluid Collections Using A Novel Lumen-Apposing Metal Stent On An Electrocautery Enhanced Delivery System., Douglas G. Adler, Linda Jo Taylor, Raza Hasan, Ali A. Siddiqui 2017 University of Utah Hospital

A Retrospective Study Evaluating Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Drainage Of Pancreatic Fluid Collections Using A Novel Lumen-Apposing Metal Stent On An Electrocautery Enhanced Delivery System., Douglas G. Adler, Linda Jo Taylor, Raza Hasan, Ali A. Siddiqui

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Faculty Papers

OBJECTIVES: To report the safety and clinical efficacy with the novel lumen-apposing metal stent (LAMS) with an electrocautery enhanced delivery system for the drainage of pancreatic fluid collections (PFCs).

METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of all consecutive patients with PFCs who underwent endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided drainage using the LAMS with an electrocautery enhanced delivery system in 2 US centers.

RESULTS: Thirteen patients with PFCs (69% with walled-off necrosis [WON]) underwent drainage using the study device. Successful stent placement was accomplished in all patients. Direct endoscopic necrosectomy was carried out in all nine patients with WON complete resolution of ...


Retrospective Review Of Biofires Filmarray Gastrointestinal Panels Detection Of Multiple Pathogens In Adults Patients., Patrick Hickey DO, Eric Nellis MD, Anastasia Shnitser MD, Amy Slenker MD 2017 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Retrospective Review Of Biofires Filmarray Gastrointestinal Panels Detection Of Multiple Pathogens In Adults Patients., Patrick Hickey Do, Eric Nellis Md, Anastasia Shnitser Md, Amy Slenker Md

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Gucy2c Maintains Intestinal Lgr5+ Stem Cells By Opposing Er Stress, Crystal Kraft, Jeff A. Rappaport, Adam E. Snook, Amanda M. Pattison, John P. Lynch, Scott A. Waldman 2017 Thomas Jefferson University

Gucy2c Maintains Intestinal Lgr5+ Stem Cells By Opposing Er Stress, Crystal Kraft, Jeff A. Rappaport, Adam E. Snook, Amanda M. Pattison, John P. Lynch, Scott A. Waldman

Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics Faculty Papers

Long-lived multipotent stem cells (ISCs) at the base of intestinal crypts adjust their phenotypes to accommodate normal maintenance and post-injury regeneration of the epithelium. Their long life, lineage plasticity, and proliferative potential underlie the necessity for tight homeostatic regulation of the ISC compartment. In that context, the guanylate cyclase C (GUCY2C) receptor and its paracrine ligands regulate intestinal epithelial homeostasis, including proliferation, lineage commitment, and DNA damage repair. However, a role for this axis in maintaining ISCs remains unknown. Transgenic mice enabling analysis of ISCs (Lgr5-GFP) in the context of GUCY2C elimination (Gucy2c-/-) were combined with immunodetection techniques and pharmacological ...


Duodenal Varices: A Rare Cause Of Gastrointestinal Bleeding., Anam Malik MD, Abdul Aleem MD, Eric Nellis MD, Hiral N. Shah MD 2017 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Duodenal Varices: A Rare Cause Of Gastrointestinal Bleeding., Anam Malik Md, Abdul Aleem Md, Eric Nellis Md, Hiral N. Shah Md

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Initial Experience Of A Community Gastroenterology Practice With Ultra-Slim Colonoscopy: A Case Series., Rajesh Essrani MD, Patrick Hickey DO, Hiral N. Shah MD, Paola Blanco MD 2017 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Initial Experience Of A Community Gastroenterology Practice With Ultra-Slim Colonoscopy: A Case Series., Rajesh Essrani Md, Patrick Hickey Do, Hiral N. Shah Md, Paola Blanco Md

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Role Of 68ga-Dodatate Pet/Ct In Staging And Management Of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumor Management - A Case Series Report., Abdul Aleem MBBS, Patrick Hickey DO, Shashin Shah MD, Hiral N. Shah MD 2017 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Role Of 68ga-Dodatate Pet/Ct In Staging And Management Of Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumor Management - A Case Series Report., Abdul Aleem Mbbs, Patrick Hickey Do, Shashin Shah Md, Hiral N. Shah Md

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


No Gastrointestinal Bleed Too Obscure: A Case Series Report Of Small Bowel Phlebectasias., Abdul Aleem MD, Anam Malik MD, Patrick Hickey DO, Anastasia Shnitser MD 2017 Lehigh Valley Health Network

No Gastrointestinal Bleed Too Obscure: A Case Series Report Of Small Bowel Phlebectasias., Abdul Aleem Md, Anam Malik Md, Patrick Hickey Do, Anastasia Shnitser Md

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Unusual Case Of Obstructive Jaundice., Rajesh Essrani MD, Eric Nellis MD, Patrick Hickey DO, Hiral N. Shah MD 2017 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Unusual Case Of Obstructive Jaundice., Rajesh Essrani Md, Eric Nellis Md, Patrick Hickey Do, Hiral N. Shah Md

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Development Of Pancreatic Cancer During Novel Therapy For Head And Neck Cancer With Pembrolizumab: A Case Report, Travis Magdaleno MD, Patrick Hickey DO, Shashin Shah MD, Hiral N. Shah MD 2017 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Development Of Pancreatic Cancer During Novel Therapy For Head And Neck Cancer With Pembrolizumab: A Case Report, Travis Magdaleno Md, Patrick Hickey Do, Shashin Shah Md, Hiral N. Shah Md

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Angiocatheter Guided Closure Of Gastrocutaneous Fistula Tract In The Absence Of Fluoroscopy, Travis Magdaleno MD, Hiral N. Shah MD, Shashin Shah MD 2017 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Angiocatheter Guided Closure Of Gastrocutaneous Fistula Tract In The Absence Of Fluoroscopy, Travis Magdaleno Md, Hiral N. Shah Md, Shashin Shah Md

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Epstein-Barr Virus Mucocutaneous Colonic Ulcer In An Immunocompetent Patient., Travis Magdaleno MD, Eric Nellis MD, Paola Blanco MD 2017 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Epstein-Barr Virus Mucocutaneous Colonic Ulcer In An Immunocompetent Patient., Travis Magdaleno Md, Eric Nellis Md, Paola Blanco Md

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


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