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Pediatric Ppi Use And Fractures, Nathan R. Fleishman MD, Thomas M. Attard, Troy E. Richardson 2019 Children's Mercy Hospital

Pediatric Ppi Use And Fractures, Nathan R. Fleishman Md, Thomas M. Attard, Troy E. Richardson

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Crohn’S Disease On Villous Length And Cyp3a4 Expression In The Pediatric Small Intestine, Brian D. Chapron 2019 Kansas City Children's Mercy

Effect Of Crohn’S Disease On Villous Length And Cyp3a4 Expression In The Pediatric Small Intestine, Brian D. Chapron

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Is It Possible To Predict The Need Of Gastrostomy Tube In Nicu Patients With Short Bowel Syndrome?, Katherine Black 2019 children's mercy hospital

Is It Possible To Predict The Need Of Gastrostomy Tube In Nicu Patients With Short Bowel Syndrome?, Katherine Black

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Prospective Evaluation Of A Population Pharmacokinetic Model Of Pantoprazole For Obese Children, Alenka Chapron 2019 Children's Mercy Hospital, Kansas City, MO

Prospective Evaluation Of A Population Pharmacokinetic Model Of Pantoprazole For Obese Children, Alenka Chapron

Research Days

No abstract provided.


A Review Of First Year Fellow Endoscopic Skills And Time To Proficiency, Dalya El Tawil, Antoinette Adjowa O. Walker 2019 Children's Mercy Hospital

A Review Of First Year Fellow Endoscopic Skills And Time To Proficiency, Dalya El Tawil, Antoinette Adjowa O. Walker

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Patient Perception Of Telephone Follow-Up After Resection For Colorectal Cancer: Is It Time For An Alternative To The Out-Patient Clinic?, Marcus Gilmartin, Nicholas Leaver, George Hall, Helena Fawdry, Seung Lee, James Nicholson, Ramya Kalaiselvan, Raj Rajaganeshan 2019 University of Liverpool

Patient Perception Of Telephone Follow-Up After Resection For Colorectal Cancer: Is It Time For An Alternative To The Out-Patient Clinic?, Marcus Gilmartin, Nicholas Leaver, George Hall, Helena Fawdry, Seung Lee, James Nicholson, Ramya Kalaiselvan, Raj Rajaganeshan

Patient Experience Journal

The economic reality of modern healthcare provides a timely reminder to clinicians of their duty to provide outstanding and cost-effective care. Although multiple guidelines outline investigation, management and surveillance of colorectal cancer, none advocate a particular delivery method. Nurse-led telephone follow-up in multiple specialties has demonstrated equivalent clinical outcomes and patient satisfaction when compared to traditional outpatient department follow-up. This paper aims to compare nurse-led telephone and outpatient follow-up, following surgical resection of colorectal cancer (CRC), focusing on patient perceptions. This cross-sectional study distributed adapted patient satisfaction questionnaire (PS-Q 18) to patients undergoing surveillance following CRC resection via either nurse-led ...


Aortoduodenal Fistula Forms From Primary Aortic Stump Graft In A Two-Time Multi-Visceral Transplant Patient With Presentation Of Gastrointestinal Bleed And Bowel Perforation: A Case Report, Brielle Corrente 2019 Duquesne University

Aortoduodenal Fistula Forms From Primary Aortic Stump Graft In A Two-Time Multi-Visceral Transplant Patient With Presentation Of Gastrointestinal Bleed And Bowel Perforation: A Case Report, Brielle Corrente

Graduate Student Research Symposium

Usually not diagnosed until open laparotomy, aortoduodenalfistulas (ADF) are one of the rarest complications of intestinal transplant surgery. With an incidence rate of only 0.04% at autopsy and only 250 documented cases since the early 1800’s, aortoduodenal fistulas are the most deadly complications of intestinal transplantation with a mortality rate of 100% without surgical intervention. A 39 year old, two-time multi-visceral transplant African American female patient suffered from a primary aortoduodenal fistula formation in a primary modified multi-visceral transplant aortic stump graft site. With emergency open laparotomy repair, revascularization of the secondary multi-visceral transplant was performed, saving the ...


Esophageal Necrosis: A Rare Complication Of Diabetic Ketoacidosis – A Case Report, Ricky Buckshaw DO, Ethan S. Stern DO, Robert andrews MD, Frederic Stelzer MD 2019 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Esophageal Necrosis: A Rare Complication Of Diabetic Ketoacidosis – A Case Report, Ricky Buckshaw Do, Ethan S. Stern Do, Robert Andrews Md, Frederic Stelzer Md

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Metastatic Melanoma To The Stomach: A Rare Cause Of Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding, Ricky Buckshaw DO, Robert V. Decker MD, Shashin Shah MD 2019 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Metastatic Melanoma To The Stomach: A Rare Cause Of Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding, Ricky Buckshaw Do, Robert V. Decker Md, Shashin Shah Md

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Extracellular Vesicles In Liver Diseases: Meeting Report From The International Liver Congress 2018, Jesus M. Banales, Ariel E. Feldstein, Hanna Sanger, Veronika Lukacs-Kornek, Gyongyi Szabo, Miroslaw Kornek 2019 University of the Basque Country

Extracellular Vesicles In Liver Diseases: Meeting Report From The International Liver Congress 2018, Jesus M. Banales, Ariel E. Feldstein, Hanna Sanger, Veronika Lukacs-Kornek, Gyongyi Szabo, Miroslaw Kornek

Gyongyi Szabo

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are small and heterogeneous membrane-bound structures released by cells and found in all biological fluids. They are effective intercellular communicators, acting on a number of close and/or distant target cells. EV cargo may reflect the cell of origin as well as the specific stress that induces their formation and release. They transport a variety of bioactive molecules, including messenger RNA, noncoding RNAs, proteins, lipids, and metabolites, that can be transferred among cells, regulating various cell responses. Alteration in the concentration and composition of EVs in biological fluids is a typical hallmark of pathologies in different liver ...


Inhibition Of Triggering Receptor Expressed On Myeloid Cells 1 Ameliorates Inflammation And Macrophage And Neutrophil Activation In Alcoholic Liver Disease In Mice, David Tornai, Istvan Furi, Zu T. Shen, Alexander B. Sigalov, Sahin Coban, Gyongyi Szabo 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Inhibition Of Triggering Receptor Expressed On Myeloid Cells 1 Ameliorates Inflammation And Macrophage And Neutrophil Activation In Alcoholic Liver Disease In Mice, David Tornai, Istvan Furi, Zu T. Shen, Alexander B. Sigalov, Sahin Coban, Gyongyi Szabo

Gyongyi Szabo

Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) is characterized by macrophage and neutrophil leukocyte recruitment and activation in the liver. Damage- and pathogen-associated molecular patterns contribute to a self-perpetuating proinflammatory state in ALD. Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 1 (TREM-1) is a surface receptor that amplifies inflammation induced by toll-like receptors (TLRs) and is expressed on neutrophils and monocytes/macrophages. We hypothesized that TREM-1 signaling contributes to proinflammatory pathway activation in ALD. Using an in vivo ALD model in mice, we tested the effects of ligand-independent TREM-1 inhibitory peptides that were formulated into human high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-mimicking complexes GF9-HDL and GA ...


Understanding Constipation: A Cross-Sectional Study From A Developing Country Setting, Minaz Mawani, Abdul Azeem, Sakina Gheewala, Nazish Butt, Shahab Abid 2019 Aga Khan University

Understanding Constipation: A Cross-Sectional Study From A Developing Country Setting, Minaz Mawani, Abdul Azeem, Sakina Gheewala, Nazish Butt, Shahab Abid

Section of Gastroenterology

A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Gastroenterology Clinics of The Aga Khan Hospital and Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre in Karachi. All patients complaining of constipation were included. Patients with alarm features were excluded. Interviews were conducted by trained doctors using a structured Rome III based pre-tested questionnaire and Bristol Stool Form Scale. Out of 396 participants, 186 (47.0%) had FC and 209 (52.7%) had IBS-C. Based upon Bristol Stool Form Scale, only 214 (54%) reported to have slow transit constipation (BSS <2). A higher proportion of women reported severe form of constipation as compared to men (81.5%, n=150 vs. 65.1%, n=138 p<0.001). However, a higher percentage of men reported using medications to treat their symptoms (71.2%, n=151 vs. 57.1%, n=105 p=0.003). Proper understanding of patient's symptoms is essential for optimizing individual patient management.


Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders And Gut-Brain Axis: What Does The Future Hold?, Kashif Mukhtar, Hasham Nawaz, Shahab Abid 2019 Aga Khan University

Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders And Gut-Brain Axis: What Does The Future Hold?, Kashif Mukhtar, Hasham Nawaz, Shahab Abid

Section of Haematology/Oncology

Despite their high prevalence, lack of understanding of the exact pathophysiology of the functional gastrointestinal disorders has restricted us to symptomatic diagnostic tools and therapies. Complex mechanisms underlying the disturbances in the bidirectional communication between the gastrointestinal tract and the brain have a vital role in the pathogenesis and are key to our understanding of the disease phenomenon. Although we have come a long way in our understanding of these complex disorders with the help of studies on animals especially rodents, there need to be more studies in humans, especially to identify the therapeutic targets. This review study looks at ...


Extracellular Vesicles In Liver Diseases: Meeting Report From The International Liver Congress 2018, Jesus M. Banales, Ariel E. Feldstein, Hanna Sanger, Veronika Lukacs-Kornek, Gyongyi Szabo, Miroslaw Kornek 2019 University of the Basque Country

Extracellular Vesicles In Liver Diseases: Meeting Report From The International Liver Congress 2018, Jesus M. Banales, Ariel E. Feldstein, Hanna Sanger, Veronika Lukacs-Kornek, Gyongyi Szabo, Miroslaw Kornek

Open Access Articles

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are small and heterogeneous membrane-bound structures released by cells and found in all biological fluids. They are effective intercellular communicators, acting on a number of close and/or distant target cells. EV cargo may reflect the cell of origin as well as the specific stress that induces their formation and release. They transport a variety of bioactive molecules, including messenger RNA, noncoding RNAs, proteins, lipids, and metabolites, that can be transferred among cells, regulating various cell responses. Alteration in the concentration and composition of EVs in biological fluids is a typical hallmark of pathologies in different liver ...


A Rare Non-Oncological Pancreatic Mass: Eosinophilic Pancreatitis Diagnosis Through Eus-Fna, Andres Gelrud 2019 Miami Cancer Institute

A Rare Non-Oncological Pancreatic Mass: Eosinophilic Pancreatitis Diagnosis Through Eus-Fna, Andres Gelrud

All Publications

No abstract provided.


Blockade Of Fibroblast Activation Protein In Combination With Radiation Treatment In Murine Models Of Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma., Andrew J Gunderson, Tomoko Yamazaki, Kayla McCarty, Michaela Phillips, Alejandro F Alice, Shelly Bambina, Lauren Zebertavage, David Friedman, Benjamin Cottam, Pippa Newell, Michael J. Gough, Marka R Crittenden, Pieter Van der Veken, Kristina H Young 2019 Earle A. Chiles Research Institute, Providence Portland Medical Center, Portland, Oregon

Blockade Of Fibroblast Activation Protein In Combination With Radiation Treatment In Murine Models Of Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma., Andrew J Gunderson, Tomoko Yamazaki, Kayla Mccarty, Michaela Phillips, Alejandro F Alice, Shelly Bambina, Lauren Zebertavage, David Friedman, Benjamin Cottam, Pippa Newell, Michael J. Gough, Marka R Crittenden, Pieter Van Der Veken, Kristina H Young

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is characterized by a fibrotic stroma with a poor lymphocyte infiltrate, in part driven by cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs). CAFs, which express fibroblast activation protein (FAP), contribute to immune escape via exclusion of anti-tumor CD8+ T cells from cancer cells, upregulation of immune checkpoint ligand expression, immunosuppressive cytokine production, and polarization of tumor infiltrating inflammatory cells. FAP is a post-proline peptidase selectively expressed during tissue remodeling and repair, such as with wound healing, and in the tumor microenvironment by cancer-associated fibroblasts. We targeted FAP function using a novel small molecule inhibitor, UAMC-1110, and mice with germline knockout ...


Checkpoint Inhibitors: What Gastroenterologists Need To Know., Monjur Ahmed 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Checkpoint Inhibitors: What Gastroenterologists Need To Know., Monjur Ahmed

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Faculty Papers

Checkpoint inhibitors are increasingly being used in clinical practice. They can cause various gastrointestinal, hepatic and pancreatic side effects. As these side effects can be serious, appropriate management is essential. The different checkpoint inhibitors with their mechanisms of action and indications, as well as evaluation and management of gastrointestinal, hepatic and pancreatic side effects, are discussed in this article.


Impact Of Sepsis And Non-Communicable Diseases On Prognostic Models To Predict The Outcome Of Hospitalized Chronic Liver Disease Patients, Fakhar Qazi, Shahab Abid, Preet Ayoub Shaikh, Safia Awan 2018 Aga Khan University

Impact Of Sepsis And Non-Communicable Diseases On Prognostic Models To Predict The Outcome Of Hospitalized Chronic Liver Disease Patients, Fakhar Qazi, Shahab Abid, Preet Ayoub Shaikh, Safia Awan

Section of Gastroenterology

AIM: To evaluate the impact of sepsis and non-communicable diseases (NCDs) on the outcome of decompensated chronic liver disease(CLD) patients.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, medical records of patients with CLD admitted to the Gastroenterology unit at the Aga Khan University Hospital were reviewed. Patients older than 18 years with decompensation of CLD (i.e., jaundice, ascites, encephalopathy, and/or upper gastrointestinal bleed) as the primary reason for admission were included, while those who were admitted for reasons other than decompensation of CLD were excluded. Each patient was followed for 6 wk after index admission to assess mortality, prolonged ...


Pilot Study Of The Physiological Effects Of An Integrative Medicine Approach In Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Gigi Constable, Eleanor Lewis, Andrew B. Newberg, MD 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

Pilot Study Of The Physiological Effects Of An Integrative Medicine Approach In Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Gigi Constable, Eleanor Lewis, Andrew B. Newberg, Md

Phase 1

Introduction: Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is the most common GI functional disease in the US, affecting 10-25% of the population and costing ~$1.6B in annual healthcare spending. Defined by varied GI symptoms, IBS is associated with gut inflammation from many factors, including diet, microbiome imbalances, and stress. However, the disease lacks a treatment algorithm, especially within integrative medicine.

Objective: This research explores integrative medicine approaches to IBS, including diet and supplements, to identify microbiome and symptom patterns before and after intervention.

Methods: Patients first complete surveys on diet and symptoms, the Beck depression inventory, the SF-36 questionnaire, PET-MRI imaging ...


Is Radiofrequency Energy A Safe And Effective Treatment For Reducing Symptoms Of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease In Patients 18 Years Or Older?, Kristen L. Schaffer 2018 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Is Radiofrequency Energy A Safe And Effective Treatment For Reducing Symptoms Of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease In Patients 18 Years Or Older?, Kristen L. Schaffer

PCOM Physician Assistant Studies Student Scholarship

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this selective evidence based medicine review is to determine whether or not “Is radiofrequency energy a safe and effective treatment for reducing symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease in patients 18 years or older?”

STUDY DESIGN: Review of two double-blind, randomized control trials and one double-blind, randomized cross-over study published between 2003 and 2012. All studies were published in the English language in peer reviewed journals.

DATA SOURCES: Two randomized control trials and one randomized cross-over study were found using PubMed.

OUTCOMES MEASURED: The outcomes measured include changes in GERD symptom scores for fourteen symptoms, improvement of ...


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