Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Family Medicine Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1,229 Full-Text Articles 3,385 Authors 402,877 Downloads 95 Institutions

All Articles in Family Medicine

Faceted Search

1,229 full-text articles. Page 6 of 57.

Renal Disease Rehabilitation And Delaying Dialysis, Spencer Brown, Natalie Sterner 2023 Wayne State University

Renal Disease Rehabilitation And Delaying Dialysis, Spencer Brown, Natalie Sterner

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report using:

Greenwood SA, Koufaki P, Mercer TH, et al. Effect of exercise training on estimated GFR, vascular health, and cardiorespiratory fitness in patients with CKD: a pilot randomized controlled trial. Am J Kidney Dis. 2015;65(3):425-434. https://doi.org/10.1053/j.ajkd.2014.07.015

for a patient with non-dialysis CKD interested in slowing the progression toward necessary dialysis.


The Pattern Of Admission, Clinical Characteristics, And Outcomes Among Patients Admitted To The Intensive Care Unit Of A Tertiary Hospital In Tanzania: A 5-Year Retrospective Review, Nadeem Kassam, Philip Adebayo, Iris Martin Matei, Eric Aghan, Samina Somji, Samwel Paul Kadelya, Yasson Abha, Frank Elton Swai, Mangaro Mabusi, Kamran Hamid 2023 Aga Khan University

The Pattern Of Admission, Clinical Characteristics, And Outcomes Among Patients Admitted To The Intensive Care Unit Of A Tertiary Hospital In Tanzania: A 5-Year Retrospective Review, Nadeem Kassam, Philip Adebayo, Iris Martin Matei, Eric Aghan, Samina Somji, Samwel Paul Kadelya, Yasson Abha, Frank Elton Swai, Mangaro Mabusi, Kamran Hamid

Internal Medicine, East Africa

Introduction: Despite the implementation of complex interventions, ICU mortality remains high and more so in developing countries. The demand for critical care in Sub-Saharan Africa is more than ever before as the region experiences a double burden of rising rates of non-communicable diseases (NCD) in the background battle of combating infectious diseases. Limited studies in Tanzania have reported varying factors associated with markedly high rates of ICU mortality. Investigating the burden of ICU care remains crucial in providing insights into the effectiveness and challenges of critical care delivery.

Material and Methods: A single-center retrospective study that reviewed records of all …


Barrett's Esophagus As A Premalignant Condition; Medical And Surgical Therapeutic Management, Vlad Denis Constantin, Adrian Silaghi, Laura Florentina Rebegea, Stana Paunica, Anca Silvia Dumitriu, Doina Andrada Mihai, Ioana Paunica, Dragos Epistatu 2023 Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania

Barrett's Esophagus As A Premalignant Condition; Medical And Surgical Therapeutic Management, Vlad Denis Constantin, Adrian Silaghi, Laura Florentina Rebegea, Stana Paunica, Anca Silvia Dumitriu, Doina Andrada Mihai, Ioana Paunica, Dragos Epistatu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Barrett's esophagus (BE) represents a special clinical entity, which may have reduced symptoms, but an increased potential for malignant degeneration. The factors that lead to the appearance of Barrett's esophagus are multiple, the most important being gastro-esophageal reflux, as well as smoking and obesity. BE occurs as a result of damage of the esophageal mucosa, caused by acid/basic gastroesophageal reflux and resulting in the transformation of the epithelium from squamous to intestinal type. The diagnosis of BE is primarily based on endoscopic examination. This method has not only a diagnostic role, but also a therapeutic one through the minimally invasive …


Enhancing The Rates Of Advance Directive Documentation To Improve The Quality Of Patient Care, Sydney Sheppard, Katie Salyers, Carolyn Curtis, Adam Franks Franks, Courtney Wellman 2023 Marshall University

Enhancing The Rates Of Advance Directive Documentation To Improve The Quality Of Patient Care, Sydney Sheppard, Katie Salyers, Carolyn Curtis, Adam Franks Franks, Courtney Wellman

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Introduction

Advance Directives (AD) allow patients to maintain autonomy during incapacitation. Patients and their caregivers benefit from these documents in times of crisis. Overcoming barriers to AD completion and documentation can improve patient care quality.

Methods

A retrospective chart review was performed initially, after consolidation of the electronic health record (EHR) and after alteration of the EHR, to evaluate the availability of a patient’s medical power of attorney (MPOA), living will (LW), and code status.

Results

Baseline documentation of MPOA (7.33%), LW (6.00%), and code status (5.33%) within the outpatient EHR was low. After 2 cycles, this improved to 13.10%, …


Chronic Exertional Compartment Syndrome: A Case Report About Claudication In A Healthy Adult, Adrienne Mays-Kingston, Jeremy Eckels, Holly Farkosh, Austin Nichols, PARIS JOHNSON, Adam M. Franks 2023 Marshall University

Chronic Exertional Compartment Syndrome: A Case Report About Claudication In A Healthy Adult, Adrienne Mays-Kingston, Jeremy Eckels, Holly Farkosh, Austin Nichols, Paris Johnson, Adam M. Franks

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Claudication occurs when the blood supply is insufficient to service the musculature in the body with oxygen and metabolic waste management. A clinical complaint of claudication is commonly seen in primary care among older patients with vascular risk factors. A young and healthy patient presenting with claudication is less common and often results in delayed diagnosis with numerous extraneous diagnostic studies. This case discusses a young, healthy male patient with lower extremity symptoms that got worse with exercise and better with rest. He had normal physical exam findings leading to multiple diagnostic studies and over 12 months between the onset …


Proton Pump Inhibitor Use And Adverse Effects In South Atlantic Hospitals, Nicholas D'Angelo, Ramyar Sigarchy, Anthony Esswein, Sidra Asrar 2023 HCA Florida Orange Park Hospital

Proton Pump Inhibitor Use And Adverse Effects In South Atlantic Hospitals, Nicholas D'Angelo, Ramyar Sigarchy, Anthony Esswein, Sidra Asrar

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

Background

Proton pump inhibitors (PPI) have transformed the management of acid-related gastrointestinal disorders, becoming one of the top-selling medications in the United States. There is no doubt that PPIs have a significant therapeutic impact on patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease and gastrointestinal bleeding. However, evidence is mounting that PPIs are overprescribed, leading to more patients possibly experiencing adverse effects. There is a great deal of ongoing debate surrounding the significance and impact of these adverse effects.

Methods

We conducted a study in 9 HCA hospitals in the southeastern United States to determine the number of patients who started on PPIs …


Penile Calciphylaxis In An End Stage Renal Disease Patient., Juan Enrique Garcia Lopez, Alain Velazquez Blanco, Aileen Aguilar, Sareena Siyas, Daniel Ibarias Paz, Mays Abdulazeez, Jesus Garza-Tamez, Desmond Adamu 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Penile Calciphylaxis In An End Stage Renal Disease Patient., Juan Enrique Garcia Lopez, Alain Velazquez Blanco, Aileen Aguilar, Sareena Siyas, Daniel Ibarias Paz, Mays Abdulazeez, Jesus Garza-Tamez, Desmond Adamu

Research Colloquium

Background: Penile Calciphylaxis occurs in about 1–4% of hemodialysis patients worldwide. Associated mortality rates are very high, and hyperparathyroidism is the second most frequently associated disorder. Addressing the resulting metabolic imbalance, and surgical intervention guided by findings of radiological studies may improve quality of life. The pathogenesis is thought to be mediated by vascular smooth muscle cells which differentiate into osteoblast-like cells. Decrease in vascular calcification inhibitory proteins fetuin-A and matrix Gla is found in patients on dialysis causing systemic medial calcification of arterioles, leading to epidermal ischemia, tissue infarction, and ulceration.

Case presentation: 47-year-old male with history of coronary …


Bricks And Mortar Of Well-Being: Exploring The Housing-Health Connection, Roshanak Mehdipanah, Lara Weinstein 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Bricks And Mortar Of Well-Being: Exploring The Housing-Health Connection, Roshanak Mehdipanah, Lara Weinstein

Department of Family & Community Medicine Faculty Papers

Housing is a determinant of health. Increasing housing costs and worsening housing conditions have impacted populations worldwide. This Editorial aims to examine the dynamic connection between housing and health and the role of public health in addressing this relationship for a Collection launched at BMC Public Health on Housing as a determinant of health and well-being.


Multilevel Community Engagement To Inform A Randomized Clinical Trial, Kirby L. Wycoff, Jabina G. Coleman, Christine M. Santoro, Leah L. Zullig, Niesha Darden, Porsche M. Holland, Jane F. Cruice, Shukriyyah Mitchell, Michelle Smith, Saleemah J. McNeil, Sharon J. Herring 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Multilevel Community Engagement To Inform A Randomized Clinical Trial, Kirby L. Wycoff, Jabina G. Coleman, Christine M. Santoro, Leah L. Zullig, Niesha Darden, Porsche M. Holland, Jane F. Cruice, Shukriyyah Mitchell, Michelle Smith, Saleemah J. Mcneil, Sharon J. Herring

Counseling and Behavioral Health Faculty Papers

OBJECTIVE: To explore how patients, community-based perinatal support professionals, and health system clinicians and staff perceived facilitators and barriers to implementation of a randomized clinical trial (RCT) designed to optimize Black maternal heart health.

METHODS: This article describes the formative work that we believed needed to occur before the start of the Change of H.E.A.R.T (Here for Equity, Advocacy, Reflection and Transformation) RCT. We used a qualitative, descriptive design and community-based, participatory approach, the latter of which allowed our team to intentionally focus on avoiding harm and equalizing power dynamics throughout the research process. Data were collected between November 2021 …


Structurally Competent Healthcare And Health Inequities, James Meza 2023 Beaumont Health

Structurally Competent Healthcare And Health Inequities, James Meza

Conference Presentation Abstracts

No abstract provided.


Clinical Characteristics And Risk Factors For Mortality During The 'First Wave' Of Covid-19 In Reynosa, Tamaulipas, Luis G. Vargas Garcia, Francisco E. Díaz Cisneros, Antonio Gutiérrez Sierra, Juan Rosales Martínez, Manlio F. Lara Duck, Netzahualcoyotl Mayek Pérez 2023 Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social

Clinical Characteristics And Risk Factors For Mortality During The 'First Wave' Of Covid-19 In Reynosa, Tamaulipas, Luis G. Vargas Garcia, Francisco E. Díaz Cisneros, Antonio Gutiérrez Sierra, Juan Rosales Martínez, Manlio F. Lara Duck, Netzahualcoyotl Mayek Pérez

Research Symposium

Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted public health in Mexico. As of February 2020, there have been at least four "waves" of contagion that resulted in 5.82 million positive cases and more than 325 thousand deaths. At the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, hospital and population-based information was available, frequently with non-specific symptoms. Little was known about the risk factors for mortality in specific conditions. We described the clinical characteristics of patients with COVID-19 in Reynosa, Tamaulipas during 2020 and identified the risk factors for mortality.

Methods: The COVID-19 cases registered from March to November 2020 in Reynosa were divided …


Comparing Stroke Symptom Recognition And Intervention Times In The Rio Grande Valley, Joshua M. Ninan, Kelsey Baker 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Comparing Stroke Symptom Recognition And Intervention Times In The Rio Grande Valley, Joshua M. Ninan, Kelsey Baker

Research Symposium

This is a retrospective study that aims to evaluate the duration from onset of stroke-like symptoms to presentation to medical facilities for aid in the Rio Grande Valley. The main goal of the study is to understand the extent of pre-hospital delays with regards to the treatment of stroke in the RGV.


Welcome To The Fall Issue Of Transformative Medicine, Adam Sigal 2023 Reading Trauma Center, Reading Hospital-Tower Health, West Reading, PA,

Welcome To The Fall Issue Of Transformative Medicine, Adam Sigal

Transformative Medicine (T-Med)

No abstract provided.


The Effectiveness Of Disinfection Protocols In Osteopathic Family Medicine Offices, Riley Phyu, Harrison A Patrizio, Thomas Boyle, Todd Schachter 2023 Rowan University

The Effectiveness Of Disinfection Protocols In Osteopathic Family Medicine Offices, Riley Phyu, Harrison A Patrizio, Thomas Boyle, Todd Schachter

Rowan-Virtua School of Osteopathic Medicine Faculty Scholarship

CONTEXT: Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) pose a substantial public health threat. Despite significant strides to curb HAIs in hospital environments, outpatient settings have not received the same degree of attention. Given their emphasis on holistic, patient-centered care, osteopathic family medicine offices are pivotal in both disease prevention and comprehensive patient treatment. The importance of simple yet effective disinfection protocols, such as thorough cleaning between patient appointments, cannot be overstated in these settings because they are integral to minimizing disease transmission.

OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess the effectiveness of the current disinfection protocols in osteopathic family medicine offices.

METHODS: A cross-sectional …


About Dying And Death: Thanatology's Place In Medical Curriculum, Jill Dombroski 2023 Western University

About Dying And Death: Thanatology's Place In Medical Curriculum, Jill Dombroski

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This study explored how healthcare providers engage in advance care planning and end-of-life care conversations. The research explored what shapes their understanding and the extent to which concepts from thanatology they intuitively bring in, explicitly bring in, and maybe fail to recognize. To achieve this, constructivist grounded theory (CGT) methodology guided the design, data collection, analysis, and interpretation of the findings, which allowed for iteration across interviews and analysis with existing theories and data in the literature. The CGT design encouraged further engagement with the literature in an ongoing iterative fashion as well as with the analysis of the data. …


Outpatient Management Of Urinary Tract Infections By Medical Officers In Nairobi, Kenya: Lack Of Benefit From Audit And Feedback On Adherence To Treatment Guidelines, Florence Mbatia, James Orwa, Mary B. Adam, Gulnaz Mohamoud, Rodney Adam 2023 Aga Khan University

Outpatient Management Of Urinary Tract Infections By Medical Officers In Nairobi, Kenya: Lack Of Benefit From Audit And Feedback On Adherence To Treatment Guidelines, Florence Mbatia, James Orwa, Mary B. Adam, Gulnaz Mohamoud, Rodney Adam

Family Medicine, East Africa

Introduction: Acute uncomplicated urinary tract infections are common in outpatient settings but are not treated optimally. Few studies of the outpatient use of antibiotics for specifc diagnoses have been done in sub-Saharan Africa, so little is known about the prescribing patterns of medical ofcers in the region.

Methods: Aga Khan University has 16 outpatient clinics throughout the Nairobi metro area with a medical ofcer specifcally assigned to that clinic. A baseline assessment of evaluation and treatment of suspected UTI was performed from medical records in these clinics. Then the medical ofcer from each of the 16 clinics was recruited from …


Cystic Fibrosis - An Ever Evolving Challenge, Abdullah A. Orakzai, Osama Sherjeel Khan, Syeda Sarah Raza, Muhammad H. Sharif, Mehr A. Orakzai 2023 Rochester Regional Health System

Cystic Fibrosis - An Ever Evolving Challenge, Abdullah A. Orakzai, Osama Sherjeel Khan, Syeda Sarah Raza, Muhammad H. Sharif, Mehr A. Orakzai

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disease that results from mutations in a large single gene located on chromosome 7. More than 2000 different mutations in the gene have been identified to have caused the disease. Most of these mutations are exceedingly rare and therefore not a part of CF screening or all testing panels. This case discusses an adult female with a history of asthma, bronchiectasis, pseudomonas colonization, and respiratory failure on chronic oxygen who presented to the ED with sudden onset shortness of breath, fever, chills, body aches, nonproductive cough, and headache. The patient's condition clinically improved with …


Atrial Fibrillation Management In Hispanic Adults, Tania Borja 2023 University of San Diego

Atrial Fibrillation Management In Hispanic Adults, Tania Borja

Dissertations

Background: Research has found atrial fibrillation (AF) to be the primary or a contributing cause of death on 183,321 death certificates, and an underlying cause of death for 26,535 Americans in 2019. Findings indicate an increased AF diagnosis in White people compared to racial and ethnic minorities, contrasting widespread findings of increased prevalence of cardiovascular disease and ischemic strokes in minorities. Significant disparities—by race and socioeconomic status in disease distribution and access to testing and lifesaving treatments—have been documented, specifically associated with social determinants of health (SDOH); i.e., the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work, and age. …


Use Of Electronic Health Record Reminders To Improve Primary Care Providers’ Colorectal Cancer Screening Recommendations., Terra Renee Schrembs 2023 University of Louisville

Use Of Electronic Health Record Reminders To Improve Primary Care Providers’ Colorectal Cancer Screening Recommendations., Terra Renee Schrembs

Doctor of Nursing Practice Papers

Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common worldwide cause of cancer morbidity and mortality. CRC mortality is preventable through regular screening. Electronic health record (EHR) reminders for providers can increase providers’ CRC screening recommendations and lead to earlier CRC diagnosis. According to the National Cancer Institute’s Screening and Risk Factors Report for Kentucky by County 2008-2010, 62.7% of adults in a rural Kentucky county aged 50-75 had completed a home based FOBT in the past two years or have ever had a colorectal endoscopy.

Purpose: The purpose of this DNP project was to implement and evaluate an …


Role Of Hospital Leadership In Pandemic Preparedness: Experience At A Tertiary Hospital In Kenya During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Lucy Mwangi, William Macharia, Benjamin Wachira, Jemimah Kimeu, Boniface Mativa, Lukoye Atwoli 2023 Aga Khan University

Role Of Hospital Leadership In Pandemic Preparedness: Experience At A Tertiary Hospital In Kenya During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Lucy Mwangi, William Macharia, Benjamin Wachira, Jemimah Kimeu, Boniface Mativa, Lukoye Atwoli

Paediatrics and Child Health, East Africa

Introduction: Pandemic preparedness refers to being ready for, responding to and recovering from public health crises, and is integral for health security. Hospital leadership is a critical building block of an effective healthcare system, providing policy, accountability and stewardship in a health crisis.

Objectives and methods: We aimed to describe the leadership and governance structures put in place at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi, a private not-forprofit tertiary healthcare facility, following the COVID-19 pandemic. We reviewed over 200 hospital documents archived in the COVID-19 repository including those received from the Kenya Ministry of Health, emails, memos, bulletins, meeting minutes, …


Digital Commons powered by bepress