Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Family Medicine Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1,155 Full-Text Articles 3,171 Authors 316,875 Downloads 93 Institutions

All Articles in Family Medicine

Faceted Search

1,155 full-text articles. Page 5 of 53.

The Effect Of Implementing Behavioral Counseling For Elevated Ldl Levels, Blake L. Hansen 2023 Valparaiso University

The Effect Of Implementing Behavioral Counseling For Elevated Ldl Levels, Blake L. Hansen

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Hyperlipidemia is a key risk factor in cardiovascular mortality, and is prevalent in approximately 38% of American adults (CDC, 2022b). Cholesterol levels are intensified by unhealthy lifestyle choices, which means a change in lifestyle behaviors could prevent cardiovascular related deaths (WHO, 2022). The PICOT question for this project was: In adults aged 20 years or older in the primary care setting who have elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels (P), does the implementation of behavioral counseling on lifestyle modifications (I) compared to current practice (C) decrease LDL levels (O) over a 10- to 12- week period (T)? Fourteen participants from a …


Micronutrient Deficiencies In Beaumont Integrative Medicine Fatigue Patients, Jessica Dorschner, Maureen Anderson 2023 Beaumont Health Resident

Micronutrient Deficiencies In Beaumont Integrative Medicine Fatigue Patients, Jessica Dorschner, Maureen Anderson

Posters

Fatigue is a common patient concern at primary care visits and can persist after addressing etiologies such as anemia, infection, malignancy, depression and cardiopulmonary disorders. Micronutrient deficiencies have also been investigated in fatigue patients, particularly individual vitamins such as C, D, B12, E and the mineral zinc. Fewer studies have investigated broad panels of micronutrients in fatigue patients. The Beaumont Integrative Medicine Clinic evaluates many patients with fatigue and assesses micronutrient levels using SpectraCell testing which measures 31 vitamin, mineral and metabolite levels concurrently.


Obstetric Outcomes Assessment For New Mainers, Brendan Prast, Christina T. Holt, Amy Haskins, Debra Rothenberg 2023 Maine Medical Center

Obstetric Outcomes Assessment For New Mainers, Brendan Prast, Christina T. Holt, Amy Haskins, Debra Rothenberg

Costas T. Lambrew Research Retreat 2023

Introduction

• 13% of Portland’s population in 2019 was recent immigrants

• Numbers have increased, with >350 asylum-seeking families (1500 individuals) in 2022 in Portland alone

• Maine Medical Center (MMC) provides obstetrical care for more newly arrived, non-English speaking patients

• Total deliveries in 2020, 2021 (6192) broke records at MMC

• New Mainers at Increased risk for health disparities due to: language barriers, low socioeconomic status and stressors from a history of trauma


Factors Associated With Depressive Symptoms In Patients With Benign Prostatic Enlargement, Husni Abdalla, Jasmit Shah, Tabitha A.N. Nyanja, Jacob Shabani 2023 Aga Khan University

Factors Associated With Depressive Symptoms In Patients With Benign Prostatic Enlargement, Husni Abdalla, Jasmit Shah, Tabitha A.N. Nyanja, Jacob Shabani

Family Medicine, East Africa

Background: Depression is a common condition that may lead to suicide at its worst. It is considered one of the primary causes of morbidity globally. Among the urological causes of depression is benign prostatic enlargement (BPE).

Aim: To determine the prevalence and factors associated with depressive symptoms among BPE patients.

Setting: This study was conducted in the Urology and Family Medicine Clinic at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi and Urology clinic at the Aga Khan Hospital Mombasa.

Methods: The study was a cross-sectional design recruiting 308 males above the age of 40. Patient Health Questionnaire-9 …


Identifying Predictors Of Eventual Rural Practice Among Female Osteopathic Medical Students, Dana Kahl 2023 University of Arkansas-Fayetteville

Identifying Predictors Of Eventual Rural Practice Among Female Osteopathic Medical Students, Dana Kahl

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The United States is facing a growing physician shortage that threatens the ability of our healthcare system to provide needed services. This shortage will be more acutely felt in rural and underserved areas. Osteopathic medical education, with its priority of primary care specialties, plays a significant role in meeting the healthcare needs of rural communities in America. The fastest-growing demographic of osteopathic physicians is women under the age of 45 (American Osteopathic Association, 2021). Additionally, for the first time in history, women outnumber men in medical schools, accounting for 51% of current medical students (Boyle, 2019). Who is admitted to …


Prevention Of Obesity-Related Morbidity & Mortality In Adults, Rachelle Virgin 2023 Otterbein University

Prevention Of Obesity-Related Morbidity & Mortality In Adults, Rachelle Virgin

Masters Theses/Capstone Projects

Poster presentation on the prevention of obesity related morbidity and mortality in adults.


Does Brief Intervention In The Form Of A Lecture Improve Resident Knowledge About Hep C Screening?, Mary DaCosta, Evelyn Chicas, Kiana Clem, Shelby Collymore 2023 HCA Healthcare

Does Brief Intervention In The Form Of A Lecture Improve Resident Knowledge About Hep C Screening?, Mary Dacosta, Evelyn Chicas, Kiana Clem, Shelby Collymore

North Texas Research Forum 2023

The prevalence for hepatitis C during 2013-2016 was about ~2.4 million. Screening helps to prevent chronic hepatitis C or start early curative treatment. USPSTF recently changed their guidelines in 2021 for Hepatitis C screening to now include all asymptomatic patients from ages from 18-79 years old without liver disease. Screening usually includes the Hepatitis C Antibody test. Further testing includes Hepatitis C mRNA PCR if screening test is positive. High risk patients should have periodic screening. Since the change, this project was done to ensure the appropriate screening and testing thereafter was done, as well as appropriate communication and documentation. …


Outpatient Breast Cancer Screening Documentation, Christoffer A. Amdahl, Jeremy Smith 2023 HCA Healthcare

Outpatient Breast Cancer Screening Documentation, Christoffer A. Amdahl, Jeremy Smith

North Texas Research Forum 2023

Introduction: Over 264,000 cases of breast cancer are diagnosed annually within the United States, with 99% of them being in women. Regarding prevention of this terrible disease, early detection of such cancers through screening mammography has up to a 20% reduction in breast cancer mortality. Therefore, the USPSTF recommends screening of women who are 50-74 years of age via mammography at average risk of breast cancer every two years. The goal of this study was to measure, track, and increase compliance with these screening recommendations within the Medical City resident clinics.

Method: Family medicine residents working were presented with a …


Phq -9 Utilization In The Primary Care Setting, Michael Armstrong, Ramisa Rahman, Ceferino Cruz IV, Afsha Rais Kaisani 2023 HCA Healthcare

Phq -9 Utilization In The Primary Care Setting, Michael Armstrong, Ramisa Rahman, Ceferino Cruz Iv, Afsha Rais Kaisani

North Texas Research Forum 2023

INTRODUCTION: The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) is a tool used to help diagnose depression and assess a patient’s response to treatment. Quality metric (QM) 371 is a measure of PHQ-9 utilization in patients with depression, and Medical City Family Medicine tracks QM 371 in order to improve the quality of care provided to our patients. This project sought to assess utilization of the PHQ-9 in our clinical practice. At the time of this QI project’s inception, QM 371 was reporting at 0%.

METHODS: Our intervention was to give an educational presentation regarding depression, the PHQ-9, as well as how to …


Case Of Shiga-Toxin Producing E. Coli Dysentery In Adult Patient In The Absence Of Diarrhea, Diana Roy 2023 HCA Healthcare

Case Of Shiga-Toxin Producing E. Coli Dysentery In Adult Patient In The Absence Of Diarrhea, Diana Roy

North Texas Research Forum 2023

This is a unique case of a 38 year old Caucasian female with no significant medical history who presented to the hospital with complaint of 3 days of abdominal pain, nausea/vomiting, dark red formed stool, and fever (TMax 102F), as well as dizziness, body aches and throat pain. She reported eating meatloaf with her daughter two days before symptom onset, and daughter was reported to be ill as well. Upon initial exam, patient was found to have temp 100F, was hypotensive and tachycardic with lactate of 4.2. FOBT was positive. Significant lab values include creatinine 3.39 (baseline normal), hemoglobin of …


Moped Mayhem And A Crash Course In Blood Pressure Problems, Jordan Phelps, Marc Poirier, Sydney Koenig 2023 HCA Healthcare

Moped Mayhem And A Crash Course In Blood Pressure Problems, Jordan Phelps, Marc Poirier, Sydney Koenig

South Atlantic Division Research Day 2023

No abstract provided.


Quality Improvement: Improving Discussion And Documentation Of Advance Directives In An Outpatient Setting, Amanda Brenner, Elizabeth J. Bogaty, Anjan Parghi 2023 HCA Healthcare

Quality Improvement: Improving Discussion And Documentation Of Advance Directives In An Outpatient Setting, Amanda Brenner, Elizabeth J. Bogaty, Anjan Parghi

South Atlantic Division Research Day 2023

No abstract provided.


Interstitial Lung Disease Due To Underlying Sjogren's Syndrome, Ryan E. Johnson, Elizabeth Bogaty, Chamonix Kinimaka, Marilian Canals-Rivera 2023 HCA Healthcare

Interstitial Lung Disease Due To Underlying Sjogren's Syndrome, Ryan E. Johnson, Elizabeth Bogaty, Chamonix Kinimaka, Marilian Canals-Rivera

South Atlantic Division Research Day 2023

No abstract provided.


A Case Of Aquagenic And Cholinergic Urticaria, Marilian A. Canals Rivera, Kyle Rauch, Amanda Brenner, Victoria Charry 2023 HCA Healthcare

A Case Of Aquagenic And Cholinergic Urticaria, Marilian A. Canals Rivera, Kyle Rauch, Amanda Brenner, Victoria Charry

South Atlantic Division Research Day 2023

No abstract provided.


Chronic Wound Management; Surgical Therapy And Complementary Nursing With Manuka Honey, Georgeta Paunică-Panea, Sergiu Teodorescu, Aurelia Preda, Laura Elena Gligor, Adrian Silaghi, Vlad Denis Constantin 2023 Department of Midwifery and Nursing, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania

Chronic Wound Management; Surgical Therapy And Complementary Nursing With Manuka Honey, Georgeta Paunică-Panea, Sergiu Teodorescu, Aurelia Preda, Laura Elena Gligor, Adrian Silaghi, Vlad Denis Constantin

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Objectives. This study aims to analyze the evolution of chronic wounds treated both surgically and by complementary nursing using Manuka honey. The parameters monitored were: presence/persistence of bacterial infection, the duration of healing, the recovery period and the patients' quality of life. Materials and Methods. The study group and the control group each consisted of 10 patients, aged between 50-60 years, with chronic wounds of various etiologies but without other significant systemic pathologies. Data collection was carried out through anamnesis, physical examination and analysis of medical documents. Results. In the study group, the depth of the wound was reduced rapidly …


Recurrent Pregnancy Loss - A Life Changing Condition For Women, Denisa Oana Balalau, Fernanda-Ecaterina Augustin, Delia-Maria Bogheanu, Alin-Gabriel Negulescu, Romina-Marina Sima, Anca Silvia Dumitriu, Stana Paunica, Liana Ples 2023 Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of General Medicine

Recurrent Pregnancy Loss - A Life Changing Condition For Women, Denisa Oana Balalau, Fernanda-Ecaterina Augustin, Delia-Maria Bogheanu, Alin-Gabriel Negulescu, Romina-Marina Sima, Anca Silvia Dumitriu, Stana Paunica, Liana Ples

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is estimated to occur in 2.5% of women trying to conceive. Definition of RPL varies depending on used guideline. In Europe, RPL is defined as two or more lost pregnancies before 24 weeks’ gestation. Although many factors have been associated with a higher risk of recurrent miscarriage, the aetiology is unknown in about half of cases. Several factors have been related to recurrent pregnancy loss, such as: environmental, behavioral, genetic, endocrine, metabolic, autoimmune, anatomic, thrombophilia and male factor. Given the multitude of etiopathogenic factors, RPL frequently requires an interdisciplinary approach for diagnosis and treatment. By its …


Advance Care Planning: An Evidence-Based Practice Project, Gabrielle Alanna Harvey 2023 Valparaiso University

Advance Care Planning: An Evidence-Based Practice Project, Gabrielle Alanna Harvey

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

Advance care planning (ACP) is a topic that can be difficult for patients and providers to discuss due to lack of time, knowledge, communication skills, and discomfort surrounding the subject (Barkley et al., 2019; Hafid et al., 2021; Halpert et al., 2022; Marin, 2022). Delayed or absent ACP discussions may lead to nonbeneficial care, increased healthcare costs, end of life suffering and increased post-death family distress (Halpert et al., 2022; O’Hanlon et al., 2018). The purpose of this evidence-based practice (EBP) project was to increase the discussions and documentation regarding ACP in a family practice setting. The PICOT question guiding …


Increasing Colorectal Cancer Screening Uptake Among Hispanic/Latino Patients: A Quality Improvement Initiative, Erick Hernandez Campos, Elizabeth Morse, David Phillippi 2023 Belmont University

Increasing Colorectal Cancer Screening Uptake Among Hispanic/Latino Patients: A Quality Improvement Initiative, Erick Hernandez Campos, Elizabeth Morse, David Phillippi

DNP Scholarly Projects

Background: In 2021, cancer (CRC) screening rates for Latino men (42%) and women (47.5%) remain well below the Health People 2020 target (70.5%). Extensive documentation of barriers for screening include language, insurance status, and other sociocultural barriers which contribute to delays in diagnosis and/or diagnosis at advanced stages of the disease, and worse health outcomes. Latinos need culturally and linguistically appropriate health promotion interventions aimed to increase CRC screening rates with any modality (FIT, Cologuard, or Colonoscopy).

Methods: The Donabedian Structure-Process-Outcome (S-P-O) Model for quality improvement was used to develop and target a provider-driven, language-concordant communication interventions for …


Cost Effectiveness Of Buprenorphine When Used Long Term Versus Short Term Use, Ty Hudgens 2023 Medical University of South Carolina

Cost Effectiveness Of Buprenorphine When Used Long Term Versus Short Term Use, Ty Hudgens

MUSC Theses and Dissertations

Since 1999, nearly 841,000 people have died from a drug overdose (CDC, 2022), and substance use disorder (SUD) continues to be a crisis that faces communities across the country. As the crisis continues across communities, the need for medication-assisted opioid use disorder (MOUD) therapy continues to surge.

This was a retrospective analysis of archival data from large national data sources. We constructed well-matched cohorts of patients with short and long-term use of MOUD using propensity score matching of 3 months of baseline data. To measure the cost effectiveness of short-term buprenorphine use verse long-term buprenorphine use.


Benefits Of Rooming-In On Infants With Neonatal Opioid Withdrawal Syndrome, Emma Ricioli 2023 Dominican University of California

Benefits Of Rooming-In On Infants With Neonatal Opioid Withdrawal Syndrome, Emma Ricioli

Nursing | Student Research Posters

Neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome (NOWS) is a significant public health concern, affecting infants born to mothers who use opioids during pregnancy. Those exposed in-utero exhibit numerous signs of withdrawal after delivery including tremors, gastrointestinal distress, inconsolability, and poor feeding. Typical treatment for infants suffering from NOWS included direct admission to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) for close observation and pharmacological interventions. However, NICU stays can interfere with bonding and breastfeeding. They can also lead to increased lengths of stay, higher costs, and more invasive pharmacological treatments. These infants typically do not have any other concerning health issues besides NOWS …


Digital Commons powered by bepress