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The Effectiveness Of Disinfection Protocols In Osteopathic Family Medicine Offices, Riley Phyu, Harrison A Patrizio, Thomas Boyle, Todd Schachter 2023 Rowan University

The Effectiveness Of Disinfection Protocols In Osteopathic Family Medicine Offices, Riley Phyu, Harrison A Patrizio, Thomas Boyle, Todd Schachter

Rowan-Virtua School of Osteopathic Medicine Faculty Scholarship

CONTEXT: Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) pose a substantial public health threat. Despite significant strides to curb HAIs in hospital environments, outpatient settings have not received the same degree of attention. Given their emphasis on holistic, patient-centered care, osteopathic family medicine offices are pivotal in both disease prevention and comprehensive patient treatment. The importance of simple yet effective disinfection protocols, such as thorough cleaning between patient appointments, cannot be overstated in these settings because they are integral to minimizing disease transmission.

OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess the effectiveness of the current disinfection protocols in osteopathic family medicine offices.

METHODS: A cross-sectional …


About Dying And Death: Thanatology's Place In Medical Curriculum, Jill Dombroski 2023 Western University

About Dying And Death: Thanatology's Place In Medical Curriculum, Jill Dombroski

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This study explored how healthcare providers engage in advance care planning and end-of-life care conversations. The research explored what shapes their understanding and the extent to which concepts from thanatology they intuitively bring in, explicitly bring in, and maybe fail to recognize. To achieve this, constructivist grounded theory (CGT) methodology guided the design, data collection, analysis, and interpretation of the findings, which allowed for iteration across interviews and analysis with existing theories and data in the literature. The CGT design encouraged further engagement with the literature in an ongoing iterative fashion as well as with the analysis of the data. …


Outpatient Management Of Urinary Tract Infections By Medical Officers In Nairobi, Kenya: Lack Of Benefit From Audit And Feedback On Adherence To Treatment Guidelines, Florence Mbatia, James Orwa, Mary B. Adam, Gulnaz Mohamoud, Rodney Adam 2023 Aga Khan University

Outpatient Management Of Urinary Tract Infections By Medical Officers In Nairobi, Kenya: Lack Of Benefit From Audit And Feedback On Adherence To Treatment Guidelines, Florence Mbatia, James Orwa, Mary B. Adam, Gulnaz Mohamoud, Rodney Adam

Family Medicine, East Africa

Introduction: Acute uncomplicated urinary tract infections are common in outpatient settings but are not treated optimally. Few studies of the outpatient use of antibiotics for specifc diagnoses have been done in sub-Saharan Africa, so little is known about the prescribing patterns of medical ofcers in the region.

Methods: Aga Khan University has 16 outpatient clinics throughout the Nairobi metro area with a medical ofcer specifcally assigned to that clinic. A baseline assessment of evaluation and treatment of suspected UTI was performed from medical records in these clinics. Then the medical ofcer from each of the 16 clinics was recruited from …


Cystic Fibrosis - An Ever Evolving Challenge, Abdullah A. Orakzai, Osama Sherjeel Khan, Syeda Sarah Raza, Muhammad H. Sharif, Mehr A. Orakzai 2023 Rochester Regional Health System

Cystic Fibrosis - An Ever Evolving Challenge, Abdullah A. Orakzai, Osama Sherjeel Khan, Syeda Sarah Raza, Muhammad H. Sharif, Mehr A. Orakzai

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disease that results from mutations in a large single gene located on chromosome 7. More than 2000 different mutations in the gene have been identified to have caused the disease. Most of these mutations are exceedingly rare and therefore not a part of CF screening or all testing panels. This case discusses an adult female with a history of asthma, bronchiectasis, pseudomonas colonization, and respiratory failure on chronic oxygen who presented to the ED with sudden onset shortness of breath, fever, chills, body aches, nonproductive cough, and headache. The patient's condition clinically improved with …


Atrial Fibrillation Management In Hispanic Adults, Tania Borja 2023 University of San Diego

Atrial Fibrillation Management In Hispanic Adults, Tania Borja

Dissertations

Background: Research has found atrial fibrillation (AF) to be the primary or a contributing cause of death on 183,321 death certificates, and an underlying cause of death for 26,535 Americans in 2019. Findings indicate an increased AF diagnosis in White people compared to racial and ethnic minorities, contrasting widespread findings of increased prevalence of cardiovascular disease and ischemic strokes in minorities. Significant disparities—by race and socioeconomic status in disease distribution and access to testing and lifesaving treatments—have been documented, specifically associated with social determinants of health (SDOH); i.e., the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work, and age. …


Use Of Electronic Health Record Reminders To Improve Primary Care Providers’ Colorectal Cancer Screening Recommendations., Terra Renee Schrembs 2023 University of Louisville

Use Of Electronic Health Record Reminders To Improve Primary Care Providers’ Colorectal Cancer Screening Recommendations., Terra Renee Schrembs

Doctor of Nursing Practice Papers

Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common worldwide cause of cancer morbidity and mortality. CRC mortality is preventable through regular screening. Electronic health record (EHR) reminders for providers can increase providers’ CRC screening recommendations and lead to earlier CRC diagnosis. According to the National Cancer Institute’s Screening and Risk Factors Report for Kentucky by County 2008-2010, 62.7% of adults in a rural Kentucky county aged 50-75 had completed a home based FOBT in the past two years or have ever had a colorectal endoscopy.

Purpose: The purpose of this DNP project was to implement and evaluate an …


Dorsal Pancreas Agenesis, An Incidental Finding During Acute Appendicitis Diagnosis; A Case Report, Willbroad Kyejo, Ally Zain Ismail, Sajida Panjwani, Nancy Matillya, Ahmed Jusabani, Adil Datoo, Pilly Ally 2023 Aga Khan University

Dorsal Pancreas Agenesis, An Incidental Finding During Acute Appendicitis Diagnosis; A Case Report, Willbroad Kyejo, Ally Zain Ismail, Sajida Panjwani, Nancy Matillya, Ahmed Jusabani, Adil Datoo, Pilly Ally

Family Medicine, East Africa

Introduction and importance: Dorsal pancreas agenesis is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by the absence or severe underdevelopment of the dorsal pancreatic bud. We report a case of a man who presented with features of appendicitis only to the incidentally discovery of dorsal pancreas agenesis during the diagnosis of acute appendicitis. We describe our experience on radiological diagnostic formulation and work up.

Case presentation: We present the case of a 45-year-old male patient who presented to the emergency department with symptoms and signs suggestive of acute appendicitis. A computed tomography scan and laboratory investigations confirmed the diagnosis of appendicitis. Incidentally, …


Role Of Hospital Leadership In Pandemic Preparedness: Experience At A Tertiary Hospital In Kenya During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Lucy Mwangi, William Macharia, Benjamin Wachira, Jemimah Kimeu, Boniface Mativa, Lukoye Atwoli 2023 Aga Khan University

Role Of Hospital Leadership In Pandemic Preparedness: Experience At A Tertiary Hospital In Kenya During The Covid-19 Pandemic, Lucy Mwangi, William Macharia, Benjamin Wachira, Jemimah Kimeu, Boniface Mativa, Lukoye Atwoli

Paediatrics and Child Health, East Africa

Introduction: Pandemic preparedness refers to being ready for, responding to and recovering from public health crises, and is integral for health security. Hospital leadership is a critical building block of an effective healthcare system, providing policy, accountability and stewardship in a health crisis.

Objectives and methods: We aimed to describe the leadership and governance structures put in place at the Aga Khan University Hospital, Nairobi, a private not-forprofit tertiary healthcare facility, following the COVID-19 pandemic. We reviewed over 200 hospital documents archived in the COVID-19 repository including those received from the Kenya Ministry of Health, emails, memos, bulletins, meeting minutes, …


Covid-19 Proactive Disease Management Using Covid Virtual Hospital In A Rural Community, Gandhari Loomis, Regina Rhodes, Ed Bujold, Golnosh Sharafsaleh, Ellen Collett, Mark Irwin, Elizabeth W. Staton, John M. Westfall 2023 Family Medicine, UNC Health Blue Ridge

Covid-19 Proactive Disease Management Using Covid Virtual Hospital In A Rural Community, Gandhari Loomis, Regina Rhodes, Ed Bujold, Golnosh Sharafsaleh, Ellen Collett, Mark Irwin, Elizabeth W. Staton, John M. Westfall

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: A community teaching hospital serving a rural population established an intensive “hospital at home” program for patients with COVID-19 utilizing disease risk stratification and pulse oximeter readings to dictate nurse and clinician contact. Herein, we report patient outcomes and provider experiences resulting from this “virtual” approach to triaging pandemic care.

Methods: COVID-19-positive patients appropriate for outpatient management were enrolled in our COVID Virtual Hospital (CVH). Patients received pulse oximeters and instructions for home monitoring of vital signs. CVH nurses contacted the patient within 12–48 hours. The primary care provider was alerted of the patient’s diagnosis and held a virtual …


Calcium Carbonate As A Potential Intervention To Prevent Labor Dystocia: Narrative Review Of The Literature, Sabahat Raees, Marie Forgie, Rita Mitchell, Emily Malloy 2023 Chicago Medical School at Rosalind Franklin University

Calcium Carbonate As A Potential Intervention To Prevent Labor Dystocia: Narrative Review Of The Literature, Sabahat Raees, Marie Forgie, Rita Mitchell, Emily Malloy

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Anecdotally, there are attestations from clinicians of calcium carbonate being used successfully for laboring people experiencing labor dystocia. The goal of this narrative review was to provide a synopsis of pertinent literature on calcium use in obstetrics to explore the potential benefit of calcium carbonate as a simple and low-cost intervention for prevention or treatment of labor dystocia. To answer how calcium and carbonate physiologically contribute to myometrium contractility, we conducted a literature search of English-language peer-reviewed articles, with no year limitation, consisting of the keywords “calcium,” “calcium carbonate,” “calcium gluconate,” “pregnancy,” “hemorrhage,” and variations of “smooth muscle contractility” and …


Implementing Obesity Management Guidelines In Rural Primary Care, Taylor Bell 2023 University of Missouri-St. Louis

Implementing Obesity Management Guidelines In Rural Primary Care, Taylor Bell

Dissertations

Abstract

Problem: In the United States, obesity is one of the leading causes of death among Americans and rates of obesity continue to rise. Geographic location significantly affects the number of obesity cases, with rural areas being affected more than other locations. Despite this, obesity continues to be undertreated by rural primary care providers.

Method: This quality improvement (QI) pilot project utilized a descriptive, observational design to evaluate the implementation of an evidence-based clinical practice guideline algorithm for obesity management in a rural primary care clinic. An algorithm was implemented on patients aged 18-60 years and with a BMI of …


Professionalism And Moral Injury In A Capitalist Healthcare System, James Peter Meza MD, PHD, Kassem Soufan MD, Michael Francis DO, Abbass Berjaoui MD 2023 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Professionalism And Moral Injury In A Capitalist Healthcare System, James Peter Meza Md, Phd, Kassem Soufan Md, Michael Francis Do, Abbass Berjaoui Md

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

Professionalism cautions against profit while capitalism exists for profit. This case is a structural analysis of capitalism in a clinical setting that reveals physicians to be simultaneously wage laborers and professionals. Capitalism generates profit. Professionalism views profit as a conflict of interest that erodes trust in the doctor-patient relationship. Managing these conflicting values causes moral injury for physicians, which is a driver of physician burnout.


Mechanical Thrombectomy For Intermediate Risk Pulmonary Embolism, James Peter Meza, Marissa Costello MD, Angela Moughni MD, Nicholus Yee MD 2023 Wayne State University School of Medicine

Mechanical Thrombectomy For Intermediate Risk Pulmonary Embolism, James Peter Meza, Marissa Costello Md, Angela Moughni Md, Nicholus Yee Md

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

An informed consent article using a set of publications to develop an informed consent conversation for a patient with an acute pulmonary embolism being considered for pulmonary artery thrombolysis.


Establishing A Routine Process Of Medication Reconciliation In A Rural Primary Care Clinic To Address Unnecessary Polypharmacy In Patients 65 And Older, Jessica Kirkwood-Harp 2023 Jacksonville State University

Establishing A Routine Process Of Medication Reconciliation In A Rural Primary Care Clinic To Address Unnecessary Polypharmacy In Patients 65 And Older, Jessica Kirkwood-Harp

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: Medication safety by reducing the proportion of older adults who use inappropriate medications is a Healthy People 2030 goal (Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, n.d.(a)). The research for this proposal supported an established medication reconciliation (MR) to reduce errors and adverse drug events (ADEs). Consistent MR is essential for patient safety and positive patient outcomes in rural outpatient primary care clinics, as these patients possess multiple comorbidities.

Purpose: This Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) quality improvement project (QIP) established a routine MR process within a rural primary care clinic with reduced unnecessary polypharmacy and decreased risk of …


Commentary On The Obesity Epidemic: A Family Medicine Perspective, Mediha B. Chaudhry, Katherine Goth 2023 Department of Family Medicine, Reading Hospital- Tower Health, West Reading, PA

Commentary On The Obesity Epidemic: A Family Medicine Perspective, Mediha B. Chaudhry, Katherine Goth

Transformative Medicine (T-Med)

No abstract provided.


Eosinophilic Granulomatosis With Polyangiitis (Churg Strauss Syndrome) – A Case Report, Rudrani Mukherjee, Bhanukumar M 2023 JSS Medical College and Hospital, JSSAHER

Eosinophilic Granulomatosis With Polyangiitis (Churg Strauss Syndrome) – A Case Report, Rudrani Mukherjee, Bhanukumar M

Digital Journal of Clinical Medicine

Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), previously known as Churg Strauss syndrome, is a rare small vessel vasculitis characterized by asthma, eosinophilia, and systemic involvement. This case report presents a 51-year-old man with a history of asthma, who presented with neurological symptoms including blurring of vision, bilateral ptosis, and altered sensorium. The patient had a previous history of cervical and lumbar spine surgeries for symptoms attributed to spondylosis. Further examination revealed hyperpigmented lesions on the limbs, wasting of small muscles, and foot drop.

Investigations showed eosinophilia and thrombocytosis on blood analysis, with bone marrow aspiration revealing eosinophilic and megakaryocytic hyperplasia. The …


Extrinsic Allergic Alveolitis: A Systematic Review Of Hla-Dr In Pigeon Breeder’S Disease, Dylan Thibaut, Ryan A. Witcher, Anitha Kunnath, James Toldi 2023 University of Central Florida; Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine, Bradenton

Extrinsic Allergic Alveolitis: A Systematic Review Of Hla-Dr In Pigeon Breeder’S Disease, Dylan Thibaut, Ryan A. Witcher, Anitha Kunnath, James Toldi

Advances in Clinical Medical Research and Healthcare Delivery

Abstract

Introduction: Pigeon Breeder’s Pneumonitis (PBP) results due to a complex pathophysiology that includes exposure to avian antigens. Susceptibility has been linked to human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II, though consensus has not been reached. The goal of this systematic review is to further elucidate the association between PBP and HLA-DR subtypes.

Methods: Databases utilized included PubMed, Google Scholar, ScienceDirect, and Cochrane Library. Inclusion required a minimum of three studies in English presenting HLA-DR alleles of PBP and control subgroups. Exclusion was due to insufficient data or non-feasible control groups. Forest plots were created for HLA-DR subtypes’ association …


Better Sleep, Brighter Mornings: A Sleep Hygiene Protocol For Older Adults As A Quality-Of-Life Enhancement, Melissa Baltazar 2023 University of San Diego

Better Sleep, Brighter Mornings: A Sleep Hygiene Protocol For Older Adults As A Quality-Of-Life Enhancement, Melissa Baltazar

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Purpose: The purpose of this evidence-based practice Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) project was to emphasize the importance of and educate patients on primary prevention techniques for sleep hygiene to use as a tool to enhance quality of life by increasing patient’s self-reported sleep quality.

Background: Sleep patterns change as we age, however, aging itself is not necessarily a cause of sleep problems. Sleep is one of the most important activities for a person’s health and overall well-being. A growing body of literature shows that not enough sleep and poor sleep quality is associated with hypertension, heart disease, stroke, diabetes, …


A Lifestyle Modification Intervention In Hispanic Adolescents With Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, Brianne Miller 2023 Valparaiso University

A Lifestyle Modification Intervention In Hispanic Adolescents With Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease, Brianne Miller

Evidence-Based Practice Project Reports

U.S. population studies have confirmed that the Hispanic population has the highest prevalence and the worst prognosis for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) (Katz et al., 2021). The purpose of this evidence-based practice project was to implement a multicomponent, lifestyle modification intervention in Hispanic pediatric primary care patients to combat the disease process and sequela of NAFLD. The PICOT question for this project was: In Hispanic adolescents aged 10-21 with obesity and NAFLD (P), what is the effect of a multicomponent, lifestyle modification intervention (I), on alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (O), over a 12-week time period (T)? A comprehensive literature search …


Prevalence And Impact Of Gastrointestinal Manifestations In Covid-19 Patients: A Systematic Review, Bassam Hossain, Shoreh Qazi, Sumair Ahmad, Atif Saleem, Amanke Oranu, Fahad Malik 2023 NYU, LICH

Prevalence And Impact Of Gastrointestinal Manifestations In Covid-19 Patients: A Systematic Review, Bassam Hossain, Shoreh Qazi, Sumair Ahmad, Atif Saleem, Amanke Oranu, Fahad Malik

Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives

Background and Objective: The aim of this study is to systematically analyze and summarize the implications of COVID-19 on the digestive system by quantitatively evaluating the prevalence of gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea, anorexia. reported in COVID-19 cases. We simultaneously investigated other variables to determine the association of such symptoms in COVID-19 patients which can potentially influence the disease prognosis and outcome. This systematic review presents an updated literature on the issue as it requires more scientific discussion in order to better inform the medical community and authorities so that appropriate measures can be taken …


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