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3,205 full-text articles. Page 5 of 149.

Using Noninvasive Calibrated Cuff Plethysmography To Observe The Effects Of Cold-Water Immersion On Arterial Compliance, Rita M. Grigorian 2023 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Using Noninvasive Calibrated Cuff Plethysmography To Observe The Effects Of Cold-Water Immersion On Arterial Compliance, Rita M. Grigorian

Master's Theses

As the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases continues to exponentially grow in populations across the globe, the necessity of determining underlying factors, effective methods of diagnoses, and universally available preventive measures also grows. Early detection of endothelial dysfunction, a proven precursor of cardiovascular diseases, can be extremely impactful in encouraging preventative measures and early intervention before medical conditions become chronic. In recent years, ice plunging, a form of cryotherapy involving full body immersion in cold water, has gained popularity within circles of fitness and health practitioners, gaining the interest of people of all backgrounds. Certain parallels observed between the human physiological …


Outcomes And Discriminatory Accuracy Of The Cha2ds2vasc Score In Atrial Fibrillation And Cancer, Waqas Ullah, Mathew DiMeglio, Daniel Frisch, Rodrigo Bagur, Louise Sun, David Fischman, Andrija Matetic, Bonnie Ky, Mamas Mamas 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Outcomes And Discriminatory Accuracy Of The Cha2ds2vasc Score In Atrial Fibrillation And Cancer, Waqas Ullah, Mathew Dimeglio, Daniel Frisch, Rodrigo Bagur, Louise Sun, David Fischman, Andrija Matetic, Bonnie Ky, Mamas Mamas

Division of Cardiology Faculty Papers

Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is highly prevalent among cancer patients. The role of traditional risk stratification scores in the context of different cancer types in these patients remains unknown. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the discriminative accuracy of the CHA2DS2VASc score for ischemic stroke using receiver operating characteristic and area under the curve. Methods: The National Readmission Database (2015-2019) was used to identify all AF patients stratified by the cancer diagnosis, type, and CHA2DS2VASc category (low; moderate; high risk). Outcomes at 30-day readmission were compared between cancer and …


Heart Failure Readmissions After Cardiac Surgeries: Navigating The High-Risk Terrain, Waqas Ullah, Indranee Rajapreyar, Yevgeniy Brailovsky 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Heart Failure Readmissions After Cardiac Surgeries: Navigating The High-Risk Terrain, Waqas Ullah, Indranee Rajapreyar, Yevgeniy Brailovsky

Division of Cardiology Faculty Papers

No abstract provided.


3-Year Follow-Up Of A Prospective, Multicenter Study Of The Amplatzer Piccolo™ Occluder For Transcatheter Patent Ductus Arteriosus Closure In Children ≥ 700 Grams., Brian H. Morray, Shyam K. Sathanandam, Thomas Forbes, Matthew Gillespie, Darren Berman, Aimee K. Armstrong, Shabana Shahanavaz, Thomas Jones, Toby A. Rockefeller, Henri Justino, David Nykanen, Courtney Weiler, Dan Gutfinger, Evan M. Zahn 2023 Children's Mercy Hospital

3-Year Follow-Up Of A Prospective, Multicenter Study Of The Amplatzer Piccolo™ Occluder For Transcatheter Patent Ductus Arteriosus Closure In Children ≥ 700 Grams., Brian H. Morray, Shyam K. Sathanandam, Thomas Forbes, Matthew Gillespie, Darren Berman, Aimee K. Armstrong, Shabana Shahanavaz, Thomas Jones, Toby A. Rockefeller, Henri Justino, David Nykanen, Courtney Weiler, Dan Gutfinger, Evan M. Zahn

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

OBJECTIVE: This study describes 3-year follow-up of 200 infants weighing ≥ 700 grams who underwent transcatheter patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) closure with the Amplatzer Piccolo™ Occluder.

STUDY DESIGN: Between June 2017 and February 2019, 200 children were enrolled in this U.S. study (NCT03055858). PDA closure, survival, and device- or procedure-related events were evaluated. A total of 156 of the available 182 patients (86%) completed the study.

RESULTS: The implant success rate was 95.5% (191/200). At 3 years, PDA closure was observed in 100% (33/33) of patients. Survival was >95% with 9 reported deaths. No deaths were adjudicated as device- or …


Predictors Of Coronary Artery Disease In Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction At The Aga Khan University Hospital In Nairobi, Redemptar Kimeu, Jeilan Mohamed, Mzee Ngunga 2023 Aga Khan University

Predictors Of Coronary Artery Disease In Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction At The Aga Khan University Hospital In Nairobi, Redemptar Kimeu, Jeilan Mohamed, Mzee Ngunga

Internal Medicine, East Africa

There appears to be an epidemiological transition in the etiology of heart failure in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) in parallel with a steady increase in risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD). SSA has limited access to heart failure and CAD diagnostics, limiting the number of patients who receive optimal care. Our objectives were to study the predictors of coronary artery disease among patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and develop a model to assist clinicians in determining the likelihood of CAD before cardiac catheterization.

Methodology: This was a retrospective study at the Aga Khan University Hospital, …


Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy: Is Coxsackie The Criminal?, Areeb Masood, Lily Chen, Paulina Vega, Henry Kwang 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy: Is Coxsackie The Criminal?, Areeb Masood, Lily Chen, Paulina Vega, Henry Kwang

Research Symposium

Introduction: Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is an inherited cardiomyopathy characterized by right ventricular dysfunction, which can precipitate sudden cardiac death in young adults.

Case Presentation: A 22-year-old Hispanic male with PMH of hypertriglyceridemia and exertional syncopal episodes was brought to the ED after experiencing a sudden cardiac arrest while on the treadmill. On arrival, the patient was intubated and placed on a defibrillator which detected Vfib with torsade de pointes. On arrival to ED, initial ECG revealed 1-2 mm ST depressions in leads II, III, and aVF and incomplete RBBB. Chest XR showed water-bottle-shaped cardiac silhouette. Coronary angiography demonstrated …


Acute Exacerbation Of Heart Failure In A 35-Year-Old Hispanic Female With Premature Coronary Artery Disease Status Post Cabg X 4 And Multiple Comorbidities: A Case Report, Nelson D. Gonzalez, Bhargavi Akkineni 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Acute Exacerbation Of Heart Failure In A 35-Year-Old Hispanic Female With Premature Coronary Artery Disease Status Post Cabg X 4 And Multiple Comorbidities: A Case Report, Nelson D. Gonzalez, Bhargavi Akkineni

Research Symposium

Background: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of death in adults worldwide.1 Although CHD prevalence is highest in adults of middle age and above, it is important to be aware of risk factors in young adults that predispose them to premature CAD and its complications. We present a case of a young Hispanic female with acute exacerbation of heart failure (HF), CAD, and multiple comorbidities.

Case: A 35-year-old Hispanic female with past medical history of CAD status post coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) X 4, HF with reduced ejection fraction (EF) of 40-45%, chronic kidney disease stage …


A Case Of Minoca In A Patient With Recent History Of Covid-19 Infection, Don C. Rajan, Nghia Nguyen, Nevin A. Varghese 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

A Case Of Minoca In A Patient With Recent History Of Covid-19 Infection, Don C. Rajan, Nghia Nguyen, Nevin A. Varghese

Research Symposium

Background: Myocardial infarction with nonobstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA) is a syndrome of myocardial ischemia resulting from microvascular dysfunction and with < 50% stenosis of major epicardial vessels. The incidence of MINOCA is 6% among patients with acute myocardial infarction. We present a case of MINOCA in a patient with a recent history of COVID-19 infection.

Case presentation: A 22-year-old man with recent history of Covid 19 infection presented with 3 days history of typical cardiac chest pain. He was not taking any medications or illicit drugs. EKG revealed sinus rhythm with ST elevations in leads II, V5, V6. Troponin I was elevated to 5.3ng/ml. He underwent coronary angiography which was reported as normal with no signs of obstructive coronary artery disease. Further workup including viral panel, ESR, CRP, HIV, hepatitis panel were negative. He was …


Cardiac Tamponade: Innovative Sternotomy Simulation Model For Training Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Team, Tolu Akinpelu, Mohammed Alhendy, Malarvizhi Thangavelu, Karen Weaver, Nicole Muller, James McElroy, Daniel Nento, Utpal Bhalala 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Cardiac Tamponade: Innovative Sternotomy Simulation Model For Training Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Team, Tolu Akinpelu, Mohammed Alhendy, Malarvizhi Thangavelu, Karen Weaver, Nicole Muller, James Mcelroy, Daniel Nento, Utpal Bhalala

Research Symposium

Introduction: Cardiac tamponade occurring after cardiac surgery is rare but life threatening and requires simultaneous resuscitation and emergent sternotomy by the intensive care team. A simulated scenario using innovative mannequin with sternotomy wound has the capability of reproducing cardiac arrest associated with postoperative tamponade. We evaluated the face validity of this innovative mannequin, the confidence level and crisis resource management skills of the team during sternotomy to manage postoperative cardiac tamponade.

Methods: The simulation case scenario was developed using innovative sternotomy mannequin for children’s hospital cardiac intensive care unit (CICU) teams. The case involved a 3-year old male, intubated, mechanically …


A Swinging Heart: Relevance Of Point Of Care Ultrasound In The Diagnosis Of An Atypical Complication Of Acute Pericarditis, Oscar Rodrigo Zamudio Herrera, Nevin Varghese 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

A Swinging Heart: Relevance Of Point Of Care Ultrasound In The Diagnosis Of An Atypical Complication Of Acute Pericarditis, Oscar Rodrigo Zamudio Herrera, Nevin Varghese

Research Symposium

Background: Cardiac tamponade is a life-threatening condition, that results from progressive or acute accumulation of fluid in the pericardial space impairing cardiac hemodynamics. It is a rare complication of acute pericarditis. About two-thirds of acute pericarditis present with pericardial effusion. Of which, hemodynamic instability is seen in 3-5% of the cases. Point of Care Ultrasound is a cost-effective tool that aids in the prompt identification of life-threatening conditions such as tamponade.

Case presentation: 36-year-old male presented with complaints of fever and dyspnea on exertion for 4 days. He reported being tachycardic at home on his personal pulse oximeter. Past medical …


Mediastinal Mass Presenting As An St-Elevation Mi, Oscar J. Lopez, Gabriel J. Lora Ferreira, Carlos B. Ceron 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Mediastinal Mass Presenting As An St-Elevation Mi, Oscar J. Lopez, Gabriel J. Lora Ferreira, Carlos B. Ceron

Research Symposium

Background: MINOCA is defined as a clinical syndrome in which there is myocardial ischemia in the setting of normal coronary arteries. Different causes include coronary spasms, SCAD, or external compression, e.g., by a mediastinal mass. CT or MRI would show presence of the mass, deferring any need for coronary angiography.

Case: The patient is a 57-year-old lady with a past medical history of hypertension who presented to the ED complaining of shortness of breath associated with chest pain. Upon evaluation her vitals were BP 126/76, HR 94, RR 18, O2 98% on room air. Physical exam was unremarkable. Troponin peaked …


Pericardial Effusions And Cardiac Tamponade In Hospitalized Systemic Sclerosis Patients: Analysis Of The National Inpatient Sample, Bikash Basyal, Waqas Ullah, Chris T. Derk 2023 Abington Jefferson Health

Pericardial Effusions And Cardiac Tamponade In Hospitalized Systemic Sclerosis Patients: Analysis Of The National Inpatient Sample, Bikash Basyal, Waqas Ullah, Chris T. Derk

Abington Jefferson Health Papers

Introduction

Clinically significant pericardial effusions and cardiac tamponade in systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients is uncommon and the factors that contribute to progression of pericardial involvement in SSc patients have not been well established.

Methods

A review of the national inpatient sample database was performed looking SSc related hospitalizations between 2002 and 2019. Data was collected on patients with pericardial effusions and cardiac tamponade and analyzed to identify and describe patient characteristics and comorbidities.

Results

Out of a total of 523,410 SSc hospitalizations, with an overall inpatient mortality rate of 4.7% (24,764 patients), pericardial effusion was identified in 3.1% of all …


Pericardial Hematoma Following Coronary Angiography, Davin Evanson, Allegra Delman, Michael Romeo 2023 Drexel University College of Medicine

Pericardial Hematoma Following Coronary Angiography, Davin Evanson, Allegra Delman, Michael Romeo

Transformative Medicine (T-Med)

Introduction: Pericardial hematoma is defined as an accumulation of blood in the pericardial space, located in close proximity to the myocardium and deep to the fibrous pericardial sac, which encloses the heart.

Case Description: We present a rare case of pericardial hematoma following percutaneous coronary intervention in an individual presenting with stenotic vein graft following symptoms of a myocardial infarction. Initial computed tomography (CT) scan demonstrated hematoma in the pericardial space. This finding was managed conservatively and hematoma was deemed stable on serial CT scans.

Discussion: In this urgent situation, CT imaging proves valuable due to its speed, convenience, and …


Welcome To The Fall Issue Of Transformative Medicine, Adam Sigal 2023 Reading Trauma Center, Reading Hospital-Tower Health, West Reading, PA,

Welcome To The Fall Issue Of Transformative Medicine, Adam Sigal

Transformative Medicine (T-Med)

No abstract provided.


Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy, Presentation As A Cardiac Arrest In A 67 Year Old Female With Depression And Anxiety History, Blesset Alexander, Joseph Caporusso, Priyasha Suri, Brandon Cantazaro 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy, Presentation As A Cardiac Arrest In A 67 Year Old Female With Depression And Anxiety History, Blesset Alexander, Joseph Caporusso, Priyasha Suri, Brandon Cantazaro

Research Symposium

Background: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy also known as broken heart syndrome or stress induced cardiomyopathy is a sudden transient reversible dramatic left ventricular apical akinesis mimicking acute coronary syndrome, making it a diagnostic challenge. Most common mechanism for Taktosubo is stress induced catecholamine release causing sympathetic activation leading to microvascular dysfunction or direct toxicity. Mayo Clinic Criteria for making diagnosis at the time of presentation requires 1) transient hypokinesis, dyskinesis, or akinesis of the LV midsegments with or without apical involvement, and a stressful trigger is often but not always present. 2) absence of obstructive coronary disease or angiographic evidence of acute …


Congenital Complete Heart Block Complicated By Atrial Flutter Diagnosis And Management, Ali A. Alakhfash, Abdulrahman Almesned, Abdullah Alqwaiee, Hashem D. Alqurashi, Waleed Almanea, Mesned Abdulrahman 2023 Consultant Pediatric Cardiologist, Pediatric cardiology department, Prince Sultan Cardiac Centre-Qassim, Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia

Congenital Complete Heart Block Complicated By Atrial Flutter Diagnosis And Management, Ali A. Alakhfash, Abdulrahman Almesned, Abdullah Alqwaiee, Hashem D. Alqurashi, Waleed Almanea, Mesned Abdulrahman

Journal of the Saudi Heart Association

Seventeen-month-old child was diagnosed in utero to have congenital complete heart block. The mother has Sjogren’s syndrome with high Anti Ro antibodies. The baby was delivered at term with a heart rate of 55 to 60 beats per minute. Echocardiography revealed a structurally normal heart with a small atrial septal defect and moderate patent ductus arteriosus. At the age of 17 months, he developed atrial flutter which was aborted using electrical cardioversion in the Cath lab. No recurrence of the atrial flutter during a one-year follow-up.


Provalencia De Hipertensão Arterial Sistêmica Segundo Regiões Do Brasil, Antes E Após A Pandemia De Covid-19: Um Estudo Ecológico, Anjo S. Dos Santos 2023 Idomed jaragua do sul

Provalencia De Hipertensão Arterial Sistêmica Segundo Regiões Do Brasil, Antes E Após A Pandemia De Covid-19: Um Estudo Ecológico, Anjo S. Dos Santos

AMNET XX Conferencia Internacional

No abstract provided.


A Retrospective Review Of 30-Day Hospital Readmission Risk After Open Heart Surgery In Patients With Atrial Fibrillation, Varun Ashutosh Rao, Genaro DeLeon, Aish Thamba, Mindy Flanagan, Kathleen Nickel, Douglas Gray MD 2023 Parkview Mirro Center for Research and Innovation

A Retrospective Review Of 30-Day Hospital Readmission Risk After Open Heart Surgery In Patients With Atrial Fibrillation, Varun Ashutosh Rao, Genaro Deleon, Aish Thamba, Mindy Flanagan, Kathleen Nickel, Douglas Gray Md

Medical Student Research

Introduction

Readmission rates after open heart surgery (OHS) remain an important clinical issue. The causes are varied, with identifying risk factors potentially providing valuable information to reduce healthcare costs and the rate of post-operative complications. This study aimed to characterize the reasons for 30-day hospital readmission rates of patients after open heart surgery.

Methods

All patients over 18 years of age undergoing OHS at a community hospital from January 2020 through December 2020 were identified. Demographic data, medical history, operative reports, post-operative complications, and telehealth interventions were obtained through chart review. Descriptive statistics and readmission rates were calculated, along with …


Role Of A Multidisciplinary Pulmonary Embolism Response Team And Impact Of Interventional Therapy In The Management Of Patients With Intermediate-High Risk Pulmonary Embolism, Juan N Pulido, Robert Fletcher, Michelle A. Poitevin, Kristina Pratt, Paul P Huang, Eric J Lehr, George P Pappas 2023 Cardiovascular Intensive Care Unit, Department of Cardiothoracic Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Swedish Heart and Vascular Institute, Swedish Medical Center, US Anesthesia Partners Washington, Seattle, Wash.

Role Of A Multidisciplinary Pulmonary Embolism Response Team And Impact Of Interventional Therapy In The Management Of Patients With Intermediate-High Risk Pulmonary Embolism, Juan N Pulido, Robert Fletcher, Michelle A. Poitevin, Kristina Pratt, Paul P Huang, Eric J Lehr, George P Pappas

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

Background: Despite emerging interventional options for pulmonary embolism (PE), the mortality rate for intermediate high-risk PE (IHR-PE) remains high and the optimal therapeutic approach unclear due to a lack of robust outcomes data. We describe the outcomes of patients presenting with IHR-PE managed by a multidisciplinary PERT program with all available reperfusion options.

Methods: This single center retrospective study included EMR data from patients that were a part of the multidisciplinary PERT program from January 2012 to June 2023. PERT was activated if risk of death was intermediate or higher. The simplified pulmonary embolism severity index (sPESI) and Bova score …


Outcomes Of Patients With Intermediate Risk Pulmonary Embolism Treated With A Multidisciplinary Pulmonary Embolism Response Team. The Emergent Role Of Percutaneous Catheter Thrombectomy And The Importance Of Cardiac Surgery Engagement, Juan N Pulido, Robert Fletcher, Michelle A. Poitevin, Kristina Pratt, Paul P Huang, George P Pappas, Eric J Lehr 2023 Cardiovascular Intensive Care Unit, Department of Cardiothoracic Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Swedish Heart and Vascular Institute, Swedish Medical Center, US Anesthesia Partners Washington, Seattle, Wash.

Outcomes Of Patients With Intermediate Risk Pulmonary Embolism Treated With A Multidisciplinary Pulmonary Embolism Response Team. The Emergent Role Of Percutaneous Catheter Thrombectomy And The Importance Of Cardiac Surgery Engagement, Juan N Pulido, Robert Fletcher, Michelle A. Poitevin, Kristina Pratt, Paul P Huang, George P Pappas, Eric J Lehr

Articles, Abstracts, and Reports

Background: Management of Intermediate Risk Pulmonary Embolism (IRPE) remains controversial due to the dynamic nature of the disease and the lack of correlative outcomes with large clot burden. We describe the outcomes of patients presenting with IRPE managed by a multidisciplinary Pulmonary Embolism Response Team (PERT).

Methods: This single center retrospective study included EMR data from patients that were a part of the multidisciplinary PERT program from January 2012 to June 2023. PERT was activated if risk of death was intermediate or higher. The simplified pulmonary embolism severity index (sPESI) and Bova score were used as risk stratification tools. Patients …


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