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Anaesthetic Management Of Supratentorial Tumor Craniotomy Using Awake-Throughout Approach, Faraz Shafiq, Fahad Salim, Ather Enam, Jai Parkash, Mohammad Faheem 2017 Aga Khan University

Anaesthetic Management Of Supratentorial Tumor Craniotomy Using Awake-Throughout Approach, Faraz Shafiq, Fahad Salim, Ather Enam, Jai Parkash, Mohammad Faheem

Department of Anaesthesia

The authors are reporting an anaesthetic management of patient presenting with left parietal lobe space occupying lesion and scheduled for Awake-craniotomy. Awake-throughout approach using scalp block was planned. Among techniques reported for keeping patient awake during the surgery, this one is really underutilized. The successful conduct requires thorough preoperative assessment and psychological preparation. We used powerpoint presentation as a preoperative teaching tool. The anatomical landmark technique was used to institute scalp block, where individual nerves were targeted bilaterally. Patient remained stable throughout and participated actively in intraoperative neurological monitoring. Postoperative period showed remarkable recovery, better pain control, and shorter length ...


Anaesthetic Management Of Nesidioblastosis In Two Infants, Muhammad Saad Yousuf, Mohsin Nazir Butt, Fauzia Anis Khan 2017 Aga Khan University

Anaesthetic Management Of Nesidioblastosis In Two Infants, Muhammad Saad Yousuf, Mohsin Nazir Butt, Fauzia Anis Khan

Department of Anaesthesia

Nesidioblastosis is the most common cause of non-transient, recurrent and persistent hypoglycaemia in neonates and infants. It is a disorder of diffuse proliferation of beta cells of the pancreas leading to hyperinsulinemia and hypoglycaemia. The main aim is to prevent the severe episodes of hypoglycaemia which can cause damage to the brain and/or mental retardation. In this case report we present two cases of nesidioblastosis and their perioperative anaesthetic course for near-total pancreatectomy. First case was a 7 months old female who had repeated episodes of convulsions since birth. Second case was a 4-month-old female child who again presented ...


Anesthesia Duration As An Independent Risk Factor For Early Postoperative Complications In Adults Undergoing Elective Acdf., K. Phan, J. S. Kim, J. H. Kim, S. Somani, J. Di'Capua, J. E. Dowdell, S. K. Cho 2017 Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell

Anesthesia Duration As An Independent Risk Factor For Early Postoperative Complications In Adults Undergoing Elective Acdf., K. Phan, J. S. Kim, J. H. Kim, S. Somani, J. Di'capua, J. E. Dowdell, S. K. Cho

Journal Articles

Study Design: Retrospective study.

Objective: To determine the presence of any potential associations between anesthesia time with postoperative outcome and complications following elective anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF).

Methods: Patients who underwent elective ACDF were identified in the American College of Surgeons National Quality Improvement Program database. Patient demographics, medical comorbidities, and perioperative and postoperative complications up to 30 days were analyzed by univariate and multivariate analysis.

Results: A total of 3801 patients undergoing elective ACDF were identified. Patients were subdivided into quintiles of anesthesia time: Group 1, 48 to 129 minutes (n = 761, 20%); Group 2, 129 to ...


An Evaluation Of Critical Resources In Nurse Anesthesia Educational Programs, Lois E. Stewart 2017 Virginia Commonwealth University

An Evaluation Of Critical Resources In Nurse Anesthesia Educational Programs, Lois E. Stewart

Theses and Dissertations

Advanced practice nurses fill a vital need in the U.S. by increasing access to needed healthcare. Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNAs) are one type of advanced practice nurse with a long history of safe and effective peri-anesthetic care. Nurse anesthetists have a rich tradition of providing anesthetic care for rural and underserved communities, and are a primary provider of anesthesia for active and retired military personnel. CRNAs comprise over one-half of the actively practicing U.S. anesthesia workforce currently, and are able to function in any anesthetic care model. Nurse anesthesia educational programs (NAEPs) are the single source for ...


What Is The Relationship Of Increased Intraocular Pressure And Body Mass Index In Patients Undergoing Robotic Prostatectomy In Sleep Trendelenburg Position?, Seth Parsons 2017 Marshall University

What Is The Relationship Of Increased Intraocular Pressure And Body Mass Index In Patients Undergoing Robotic Prostatectomy In Sleep Trendelenburg Position?, Seth Parsons

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

Introduction: Robotic Prostatectomy is a common procedure performed in surgery centers all over the world, but these procedures can be long and difficult to manage for Anesthesia providers. This study examined the relationship between increased intraocular pressure (IOP) and Body Mass Index (BMI) during Robotic Prostatectomies in Steep Trendelenburg (ST) position. Other variables studied were length of procedure, age, and ASA physical classification.

Methodology: The study was a retrospective cross-sectional design of 100 patients with a BMI over 30 and 100 patients with a BMI under 30 who have undergone Robotic Prostatectomies at Charleston Area Medical Center (CAMC) between January ...


The Influence On Morbidity And Mortality When Blood Products Are Transfused Using Conventional Coagulation Tests Versus Teg Or Rotem In Trauma Patients Perioperatively, Teresa Diana Kelley 2017 Marshall University

The Influence On Morbidity And Mortality When Blood Products Are Transfused Using Conventional Coagulation Tests Versus Teg Or Rotem In Trauma Patients Perioperatively, Teresa Diana Kelley

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

Abstract: Coagulopathy in trauma patients occurs due to tissue injury, hemodilution (dilution of hematocrit and clotting factors), infusion of hypo-coagulable blood products (e.g., packed red blood cells), acidosis, hypothermia, continued blood loss, and depletion of clotting factors. The onset of coagulopathy begins with the initial tissue injury and evolves rapidly. Many factors need consideration when determining resuscitative treatment for the trauma victim. These factors include the amount of time for extraction from the field, transport time to a trauma center, associated weather, and treatment provided in route. This study compared two clinical laboratory pathways (Conventional Coagulation test and Rotational ...


Coexisting Cardiac And Hematologic Disorders., Jordan E. Goldhammer, Benjamin A. Kohl 2016 Thomas Jefferson University

Coexisting Cardiac And Hematologic Disorders., Jordan E. Goldhammer, Benjamin A. Kohl

Department of Anesthesiology Faculty Papers

Patients with concomitant cardiac and hematologic disorders presenting for noncardiac surgery are challenging. Anemic patients with cardiac disease should be approached in a methodical fashion. Transfusion triggers and target should be based on underlying symptomatology. The approach to anticoagulation management in patients with artificial heart valves, cardiac devices, or severe heart failure in the operative setting must encompass a complete understanding of the rationale of a patient's therapy as well as calculate the risk of changing this regimen. This article focuses common disorders and discusses strategies to optimize care in patients with coexisting cardiac and hematologic disease.


In The Postoperative Cardiothoracic Surgical Patient Being Mechanically Ventilated, Is There A Difference In Outcomes When Comparing Sedation With Dexmedetomidine Versus Propofol?, Benjamin Heinrich Riebesel 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

In The Postoperative Cardiothoracic Surgical Patient Being Mechanically Ventilated, Is There A Difference In Outcomes When Comparing Sedation With Dexmedetomidine Versus Propofol?, Benjamin Heinrich Riebesel

Doctoral Projects

Patients undergoing a cardiothoracic operation typically require mechanical ventilation in the postoperative phase. Each year approximately 395,000 of these operations are performed in the United States alone. As many as 10% of these patients require reoperation within the first few hours of recovery due to complications (Barash & Cullen, 2013). This comprehensive review of the literature was performed to determine whether postoperative sedation with dexmedetomidine leads to better patient outcomes than sedation with propofol. Inclusion criteria included publications written in the English language, articles available in full text, articles written within the last 10 years, and publications with a focus ...


Optimizing Anesthesia Providers’ Timing Of Administration Of Dexamethasone For The Prevention Of Post-Operative Nausea And Vomiting: Translating Clinical Guidelines Into Practice, Tanner Young Mixon 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Optimizing Anesthesia Providers’ Timing Of Administration Of Dexamethasone For The Prevention Of Post-Operative Nausea And Vomiting: Translating Clinical Guidelines Into Practice, Tanner Young Mixon

Doctoral Projects

Research has shown that post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a significant contributing factor to extended recovery times and unwanted hospital admissions following ambulatory surgery. The purpose of this DNP project was to assess current practice regarding administration of dexamethasone for the prevention of PONV, provide information based on best practice guidelines, and assess willingness to change practice based on the guidelines set forth by the Society for Ambulatory Anesthesia (SAMBA). Administration of dexamethasone is aimed at decreasing the incidence of PONV, optimizing PACU times, and increasing patient satisfaction regarding perioperative care.

An electronic presentation and survey were emailed to ...


Adoption Of Perioperative Lidocaine Infusion For The Reduction Of Postoperative Pain, Brandon Scott Figueiredo 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Adoption Of Perioperative Lidocaine Infusion For The Reduction Of Postoperative Pain, Brandon Scott Figueiredo

Doctoral Projects

Laparoscopic capability provides numerous benefits to patients requiring abdominal surgical procedures. However, the use of these techniques has presented the anesthesia provider with a unique set of challenges in terms of perioperative management and postoperative pain reduction. No standardized method has existed to reduce postoperative pain and improve recovery following these procedures. There were three primary goals of this project. The first goal was to conduct a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials to determine the benefit of the use of intravenous lidocaine infusions to reduce postoperative pain in laparoscopic abdominal surgery. Twelve articles were included in the meta-analysis that pertained ...


Evaluating The Likelihood Of Use Of Bispectral Index Guided Anesthesia As A Strategy To Reduce Postoperative Delirium In Surgical Patients 65 Years Of Age Or Older, Simon Jack Gibson 2016 The University of Southern Mississippi

Evaluating The Likelihood Of Use Of Bispectral Index Guided Anesthesia As A Strategy To Reduce Postoperative Delirium In Surgical Patients 65 Years Of Age Or Older, Simon Jack Gibson

Doctoral Projects

Postoperative delirium (POD) is the most common postoperative complication in the elderly, accounting for approximately $164 billion in costs per year in the United States (Inouye, Westendorp, & Saczynski, 2014, p. 911). This complication occurs in as many as 50% of elderly patients, but can be prevented as much as 40% of the time (Inouye et al., 2014). The use of processed encephalographic monitoring, such as Bispectral Index (BIS) monitoring, to guide anesthetic dosage is the single intraoperative intervention with enough evidence to support it as a recommendation for use to reduce POD (American Geriatrics Society, 2015). There were two parts ...


Is Current Evidence That Avoidance Of Inhalation Agents And Opioids May Decrease Metastasis Strong Enough For Crnas To Show A Willingness To Change Practice?, Michael Wesley Tillman 2016 University of Southern Mississippi

Is Current Evidence That Avoidance Of Inhalation Agents And Opioids May Decrease Metastasis Strong Enough For Crnas To Show A Willingness To Change Practice?, Michael Wesley Tillman

Doctoral Projects

Metastasis following the surgical resection of primary site breast cancer is a medical issue, which plagues mastectomy patients. The intention of this project was to synthesize current literature in order to make a presentation and disseminate it to Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNAs) in southern Mississippi and assess the providers' willingness to change practice. CRNAs took part in a Qualtrics survey after viewing a PowerPoint presentation of evidence regarding anesthesia and metastasis. The presentation illustrated the anesthetic techniques and pharmacological agents utilized, which either mitigate or potentiate a patient's risk for metastasis. The survey assessed for a willingness to ...


Systemic-To-Pulmonary Artery Pressure Ratio As A Predictor Of Patient Outcome Following Liver Transplantation, Annette Rebel, Dung Nguyen, Brooke Bauer, Paul A. Sloan, Amy DiLorenzo, Zaki-Udin Hassan 2016 University of Kentucky

Systemic-To-Pulmonary Artery Pressure Ratio As A Predictor Of Patient Outcome Following Liver Transplantation, Annette Rebel, Dung Nguyen, Brooke Bauer, Paul A. Sloan, Amy Dilorenzo, Zaki-Udin Hassan

Anesthesiology Faculty Publications

AIM To assess the value of the mean systemic-to-pulmonary artery pressure (MAP/mPAP) ratio for predicting outcomes following orthotopic liver transplant (OLT).

METHODS A retrospective data analysis was performed and data (mean arterial blood pressure, mean pulmonary artery pressure and Cardiac Index) were collected at several points during OLT. Outcomes evaluated were duration of postoperative endotracheal intubation [ET; minutes after intensive care unit (ICU) arrival], length of ICU stay, total hospitalization and frequency of immediate postoperative complications. A total of 91 patients were included in the data analysis. Based on the intraoperative course of the MAP/mPAP ratio, 2 hemodynamic ...


The Evaluation Of An Information Booklet In The Use Of Effective Patient Communication In The Setting Of Thoracic Anesthesia, Camille Guillot Miss, Gerry Keenan Dr 2016 University of Edinburgh, UK

The Evaluation Of An Information Booklet In The Use Of Effective Patient Communication In The Setting Of Thoracic Anesthesia, Camille Guillot Miss, Gerry Keenan Dr

Patient Experience Journal

Effective communication is crucial in assuring a good patient experience during an in-hospital stay. In some settings, such as thoracic anaesthesia, patients are given a heavy load of new complex information, in a very limited space of time. Written information, such as patient information booklets, could help as an aid memoir and improve patient’s subjective understanding and preparedness for procedures. This study aims to produce a booklet, specifically targeted at thoracic anaesthesia, and to evaluate it using a linguistics framework in relation to the patient experience and clinical communication. For the study, a booklet was produced in the context ...


Lithium-Responsive Seizure-Like Hyperexcitability Is Caused By A Mutation In The Drosophila Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel Gene Paralytic, Garrett A. A. Kaas, Junko Kasuya, Patrick Lansdon, Atsushi Ueda, Atulya Iyengar, Chun-Fang Wu, Toshihiro Kitamoto 2016 University of Iowa

Lithium-Responsive Seizure-Like Hyperexcitability Is Caused By A Mutation In The Drosophila Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel Gene Paralytic, Garrett A. A. Kaas, Junko Kasuya, Patrick Lansdon, Atsushi Ueda, Atulya Iyengar, Chun-Fang Wu, Toshihiro Kitamoto

Department of Anesthesia Publications

Shudderer (Shu) is an X-linked dominant mutation in Drosophila melanogaster identified more than 40 years ago. A previous study showed that Shu caused spontaneous tremors and defects in reactive climbing behavior, and that these phenotypes were significantly suppressed when mutants were fed food containing lithium, a mood stabilizer used in the treatment of bipolar disorder (Williamson, 1982). This unique observation suggested that the Shu mutation affects genes involved in lithium-responsive neurobiological processes. In the present study, we identified Shu as a novel mutant allele of the voltage-gated sodium (Nav) channel gene paralytic (para). Given that hypomorphic para alleles and RNA ...


Prophylactic Methylprednisolone To Reduce Inflammation And Improve Outcomes From One Lung Ventilation In Children: A Randomized Clinical Trial., Mary C. Theroux, Alicia Olivant Fisher, Maria E. Rodriguez, Robert P. Brislin, Kirk W. Reichard, Suken A. Shah, Matt McCoy, Melinda Brown, Kirk W. Dabney, William G. Mackenzie, Douglas A. Katz, Thomas H. Shaffer 2016 Nemours/Alfred I. DuPont Hospital for Children; Thomas Jefferson University

Prophylactic Methylprednisolone To Reduce Inflammation And Improve Outcomes From One Lung Ventilation In Children: A Randomized Clinical Trial., Mary C. Theroux, Alicia Olivant Fisher, Maria E. Rodriguez, Robert P. Brislin, Kirk W. Reichard, Suken A. Shah, Matt Mccoy, Melinda Brown, Kirk W. Dabney, William G. Mackenzie, Douglas A. Katz, Thomas H. Shaffer

Thomas L. Shaffer

BACKGROUND: One lung ventilation (OLV) results in inflammatory and mechanical injury, leading to intraoperative and postoperative complications in children. No interventions have been studied in children to minimize such injury. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that a single 2-mg·kg(-1) dose of methylprednisolone given 45-60 min prior to lung collapse would minimize injury from OLV and improve physiological stability. METHODS: Twenty-eight children scheduled to undergo OLV were randomly assigned to receive 2 mg·kg(-1) methylprednisolone (MP) or normal saline (placebo group) prior to OLV. Anesthetic management was standardized, and data were collected for physiological stability (bronchospasm, respiratory resistance, and compliance ...


Changes To Echocardiography-Derived Left Ventricular Filling Pressures And Cardiac Output In Response To Fluid Boluses In Elderly Patients With Left Ventricular Diastolic Dysfunction Undergoing Vascular Surgery, Sasha K. Shillcutt 2016 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Changes To Echocardiography-Derived Left Ventricular Filling Pressures And Cardiac Output In Response To Fluid Boluses In Elderly Patients With Left Ventricular Diastolic Dysfunction Undergoing Vascular Surgery, Sasha K. Shillcutt

Theses & Dissertations

Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction (LVDD) of the heart is a condition where the heart does not relax properly. This condition is important during times of stress, as LVDD is associated with significant morbidity of elderly surgical patients. LVDD is often asymptomatic and unrecognized as many of these patients have normal ejection fractions. However, LVDD may lead to heart failure in patients with preserved systolic function, with the incidence being as high as 50% in hospitalized elderly patients. The diagnosis of LVDD is an independent risk factor for postoperative major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and negatively impacts post-surgery readmission rates. Anesthesiologists ...


Isolated Prehospital Hypotension Correlates With Injury Severity And Outcomes In Patients With Trauma, Clayton D. Damme, Jiangtao Luo, Keely L. Buesing 2016 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Isolated Prehospital Hypotension Correlates With Injury Severity And Outcomes In Patients With Trauma, Clayton D. Damme, Jiangtao Luo, Keely L. Buesing

Journal Articles: Anesthesiology

Objective Patients normotensive in the trauma bay despite documented prehospital hypotension may not be recognized as significantly injured. The purpose of this study was to determine whether isolated prehospital hypotension portends poor outcomes and correlates with injury severity.

Methods Prospective cohort study conducted at a level 1 university trauma center. The lowest recorded prehospital systolic blood pressure (SBP) and the first recorded SBP on hospital arrival were used to divide patients into either the normotensive (NP) or hypotensive (HP) group. Patients who failed to achieve normotension on hospital arrival were excluded. Hypotension was defined as SBP≤110 mmHg.

Results Compared ...


Long-Term Clinical Outcome Of Peripheral Nerve Stimulation For Chronic Headache And Complication Prevention, Linqiu Zhou, Avi Ashkenazi, Joseph W. Smith, Na Jen, Timothy R. Deer, Chen Zhou 2016 Thomas Jefferson University

Long-Term Clinical Outcome Of Peripheral Nerve Stimulation For Chronic Headache And Complication Prevention, Linqiu Zhou, Avi Ashkenazi, Joseph W. Smith, Na Jen, Timothy R. Deer, Chen Zhou

Department of Anesthesiology Faculty Papers

Background: Subcutaneous peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS) has emerged as a useful tool in the treatment of intractable headaches. However, complications such as skin erosion, infection and lead migration have adversely affected clinical outcome, and occasionally led to treatment cessation. Objectives: Here we report the results of peripheral nerve stimulator implantation performed on 24 patients with various chronic headaches at our center over a period of 9 years. We describe the complications of the procedure and their prevention with a modified surgical technique. Patients and Methods:We searched our database for patients with chronic refractory headacheswhohad undergone PNS. Patients were assessed ...


Cognitive Aid Use Improves Transition Of Care By Graduating Medical Students During A Simulated Crisis, Brooke Bauer, Annette Rebel, Amy Dilorenzo, Randall M. Schell, Jeremy S. Dority, Faith Lukens, Paul A. Sloan 2016 University of Kentucky

Cognitive Aid Use Improves Transition Of Care By Graduating Medical Students During A Simulated Crisis, Brooke Bauer, Annette Rebel, Amy Dilorenzo, Randall M. Schell, Jeremy S. Dority, Faith Lukens, Paul A. Sloan

Anesthesiology Faculty Publications

Background: Residents are expected to have transition of care (ToC) skills upon entering graduate medical education. It is unclear whether experience and training during medical school is adequate.

Objective: The aim of the project was to assess: 1) graduating medical students' ability to perform ToC in a crisis situation, and 2) whether using a cognitive aid improves the ToC quality.

Methods: The authors developed simulation scenarios for rapid response teams and a cognitive aid to assist in the ToC during crisis situations. Graduating medical students were enrolled and randomly divided into teams of three students, randomly assigned into one of ...


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