The Oculocardiac Reflex And Depth Of Anesthesia Measured By Brain Wave., 2019 Providence Anesthesia Group, Anchorage, Alaska, USA
The Oculocardiac Reflex And Depth Of Anesthesia Measured By Brain Wave., Robert W Arnold, Aleah N Bond, Melissa Mccall, Leif Lunoe
Articles, Abstracts, and Reports
BACKGROUND: The oculocardiac reflex (OCR), bradycardia that occurs during strabismus surgery is a type of trigemino-cardiac reflex (TCR) is blocked by anticholinergics and enhanced by opioids and dexmedetomidine. Two recent studies suggest that deeper inhalational anesthesia monitored by BIS protects against OCR; we wondered if our data correlated similarly.
METHODS: In an ongoing, prospective study of OCR/TCR elicited by 10-s, 200 g square-wave traction on extraocular muscles (EOM) from 2009 to 2013, anesthetic depth was estimated in cohorts using either BIS or Narcotrend monitors. The depth of anesthesia was deliberately varied between first and second EOM tested.
RESULTS: From ...
The Accuracy Of Blood Pressure Measurement By A Smartwatch And A Portable Health Device, 2019 Thomas Jefferson University
The Accuracy Of Blood Pressure Measurement By A Smartwatch And A Portable Health Device, Vignesh Murali, Noud Van Helmond, Cecilia G. Freeman, Christina Hahnen, Nilanjan Haldar, Jacquelyn N. Hamati, Dylan M. Bard, Geno J. Merli, Jeffrey I. Joseph
Introduction: Hypertension is a leading cause of mortality. Proper blood pressure (BP) control can be achieved by lifestyle modification, pharmacotherapy, and frequent measurements. With the growing popularity of cuffless blood pressure monitors, it is important to independently validate their accuracy.
Objective: We evaluated two cuffless blood pressure monitors, The Everlast TR10 fitness watch and the BodiMetrics Performance Monitor, for their accuracy and precision in BP measurements.
Methods: Using a protocol derived from the ANSI/AAMI/ISO 2013 standard for evaluating automated sphygmomanometers, we measured the blood pressures of 85 patients recruited from the Thomas Jefferson University Hospital Preadmission Testing Center ...
Outcomes Reporting In Regional Anesthesia Patients: A Comparison Of Manual Phone Calls Versus Automated Phone App Messaging, 2019 Thomas Jefferson University
Outcomes Reporting In Regional Anesthesia Patients: A Comparison Of Manual Phone Calls Versus Automated Phone App Messaging, Gavyn Ooi, Eric Schwenk, Md, Fasa, Jeffrey Mojica, Do, Alexander Grant, Md, Max Shilling, Md, David Barnabei, Md, Jennifer Lessin, Ba, Rn, Ccrc, Marc Torjman, Phd, Kent Berg, Md, Mba
Automation of patient follow-up via mobile phone apps have the potential to save time for physicians, standardize responses from patients, and increase the patient response rate. Studies that assess the effectiveness of mobile phone-based surveys have been favorable, with completion rates of about 60% in the surgical population. The impact of mobile phone-based patient management in anesthesia deserves further study. This study examines the follow-up success rates of (1) manual phone calls (the current standard of care) vs. (2) automated patient outreach (APO) in patients who receive a regional anesthesia block procedure.
As part of normal follow up, anesthesia team ...
Master Of Science In Anesthesia Fort Lauderdale, 2019 Nova Southeastern University
Master Of Science In Anesthesia Fort Lauderdale, Nova Southeastern University
Health Professions Divisions Course Catalogs
No abstract provided.
Cash Transfers And Hiv/Hsv-2 Prevalence: A Replication Of A Cluster Randomized Trial In Malawi, 2019 University of Nebraska Medical Center
Cash Transfers And Hiv/Hsv-2 Prevalence: A Replication Of A Cluster Randomized Trial In Malawi, Lynette M. Smith, Nicholas A. Hein, Danstan Bagenda
Journal Articles: Anesthesiology
INTRODUCTION: In this paper we perform a replication analysis of "Effect of a cash transfer programme for schooling on prevalence of HIV and herpes simplex type 2 in Malawi: a cluster randomised trial" by Sarah Baird and others published in "The Lancet" in 2012. The original study was a two-year cluster randomized intervention trial of never married girls aged 13-22 in Malawi. Enumeration areas were randomized to either an intervention involving cash transfer (conditional or unconditional of school enrollment) or control. The study included 1708 Malawian girls, who were enrolled at baseline and had biological testing for HIV and herpes ...
Evaluation Of Perioperative Peripheral Nerve Injury In Cardiac Surgery Using A Novel Automated Ssep Monitoring Device, 2018 The University of Western Ontario
Evaluation Of Perioperative Peripheral Nerve Injury In Cardiac Surgery Using A Novel Automated Ssep Monitoring Device, Satoru Fujii
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
INTRODUCTION: The high incidence of peripheral nerve injury (PNI) in conventional cardiac surgery (CCS) is believed to result from mechanical injury during sternotomy and/or retraction of the sternum. Minimally invasive cardiac surgery (MICS) is a newly developed type of cardiac surgery which does not require sternotomy or retraction of the sternum. Since surgery related PNI can lead to serious problems for both the patients and care providers, the incidence and details of PNI in cardiac surgery needs to be investigated. OBJECTIVE: To compare the degree of nerve injury in MICS and CCS using somatosensory evoked potential (SSEP) signals. METHODS ...
Student Registered Nurse Anesthetists’ Perception Of Simulation As A Positive Reinforcement To Classroom Lecture In Handling A Difficult Airway, 2018 The University of Southern Mississippi
Student Registered Nurse Anesthetists’ Perception Of Simulation As A Positive Reinforcement To Classroom Lecture In Handling A Difficult Airway, Kayla Forbis
The management of a difficult airway by anesthesia providers is a core component of providing safe care. Simulation provides an opportunity for the student to manage uncommon clinical scenarios without harm to an actual patient. This project aimed to determine if the use of simulation may be useful in training Student Registered Nurse Anesthetist in the management skills of a difficult airway. The proposed intervention of this project was the addition of simulation experience to didactic lecture covering difficult airway management techniques. As supported in the Adult Learning Principles of Medical Learners, by allowing the SRNA to actively participate in ...
Best Practice Policy Recommendation For Neuraxial Anesthesia Skin Antiseptic Solutions, 2018 The University of Southern Mississippi
Best Practice Policy Recommendation For Neuraxial Anesthesia Skin Antiseptic Solutions, Kyle Adams
A clinical affiliate hospital in Mississippi lacked a best practice clinical policy regarding the most appropriate skin preparation solution to use prior to neuraxial anesthesia. The evidence showed that alcoholic chlorhexidine is the optimal solution due to advanced characteristics which help reduce infection. Reducing infections can potentially reduce further complications for the patient, hospitalization length, and cost. Also, chlorhexidine was found safe to use for neuraxial anesthesia if cross-contamination is avoided and adequate drying time is allowed. Lastly, alcoholic povidone-iodine is an appropriate alternate if 0.5% chlorhexidine is unavailable.
A best practice clinical policy was formulated and presented to ...
Following Epidural Pca Use, Do Obstetric Patients Feel Satisfied With Their Pain Control, 2018 The University of Southern Mississippi
Following Epidural Pca Use, Do Obstetric Patients Feel Satisfied With Their Pain Control, James Mcrae
Pain is a source of anxiety for many patients, and uncontrolled pain can have deleterious effects on patient outcomes (Patak et al., 2014). Pain associated with labor is a particular concern of obstetric patients. Epidural analgesia is currently the frontline treatment for pain associated with labor, with epidural patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) often being utilized (Braveman, Scavone, Blessing, & Wong, 2013). Little evidence exists that details what factors of epidural PCA that patients considered important (Patak et al., 2014). In this project, a randomized questionnaire was administered to obstetric patients to assess satisfaction levels with their epidural PCA. The questionnaire also ...
Perioperative Aspirin And Long-Term Survival In Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft., 2018 Thomas Jefferson University; The Fourth Military Medical University
Perioperative Aspirin And Long-Term Survival In Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Graft., Qian Ding, Hong Liu, Zugui Zhang, Jordan E. Goldhammer, Eric Yuen, Zhongmin Li, Linong Yao, Nilas Young, Douglas Boyd, William Weintraub, Rohinton Morris, Jianzhong Sun
Department of Anesthesiology Faculty Papers
This study aimed to examine association between perioperative uses of aspirin and long-term survival in patients undergoing CABG. A retrospective cohort study was performed in 9,584 consecutive patients receiving cardiac surgery from three tertiary hospitals. Of all the patients, 4,132 patients undergoing CABG met inclusion criteria and were divided into four groups: with or without preoperative or postoperative aspirin respectively. 30-day postoperative and long-term mortality were compared with the use of propensity scores and inverse probability weighting adjustment to reduce the treatment-selection bias. The patients taking preoperative aspirin presented significantly more with comorbidities. However, the results of this ...
Patient Perceptions And Expectations About Postoperative Analgesia, 2018 Thomas Jefferson University
Patient Perceptions And Expectations About Postoperative Analgesia, Carrie Mok, Nirmal Shah, Do, Stephen F. Goldberg, Md, Amir C. Dayan, Md, Marc Torjman, Phd, Jaime L. Baratta, Md
Opioid overdose deaths have nearly quadrupled since 1999. Nearly 2 out of 3 persons being prescribed medications are prescribed an opioid. Physicians may be prescribing opioids for more than what is required for postoperative pain control, leading to increased risk for opioid abuse and addiction. Patient perceptions of perioperative pain medications are poorly understood.
This survey aims to understand patient expectations of perioperative analgesics.
Following IRB approval, patients 18 years of age or older, were given a 13-question survey prior to their surgery at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, to evaluate the perception of pain medications, medication efficacy ...
Blood Pressure Measurement Validation Off The Cuff? Comment On "A New Cuffless Device For Measuring Blood Pressure: A Real-Life Validation Study"., Noud Van Helmond, Timothy B. Plante, Jeffrey I. Joseph
Department of Anesthesiology Faculty Papers
No abstract provided.
Laryngeal Mask Airway: A Postoperative Sore Throat Clinical Practice Guideline, 2018 The University of Southern Mississippi
Laryngeal Mask Airway: A Postoperative Sore Throat Clinical Practice Guideline, Logan Williams
One of the most common and preventable complications experienced by patients undergoing general anesthesia is a postoperative sore throat (POST). Up to 70% of patients who receive a laryngeal mask airway (LMA) during anesthesia suffer from POST. Despite its regular occurrence and designation as a minor complication, POST has proven to be a distressing complication for patients afflicted. Consequently, a perceived minor complication can, in fact, play a major role in a patient’s perception of their care, the skill of their anesthesia provider, and their overall satisfaction with their experience.
Evidence shows that inflation of LMA cuffs beyond the ...
Strategies To Improve Post-Procedural Safe Patient Handoffs, 2018 Maine Medical Center
Strategies To Improve Post-Procedural Safe Patient Handoffs, Marguerite Anderson, Tara Herman, Janice Nichols, Robyn Dixon, Elizabeth Van Der Linden, Bonnie Boivin, Stephen Tyzik, Mmc Asu, Mmc Pacu, Ssu, Endoscopy, Advanced Endoscopy, One Call Center
STRATEGIES TO IMPROVE SAFE PATIENT HANDOFFS AND POST PROCEDURAL FLOW
During patient transfers from one care unit to another, it is imperative for patient safety and satisfaction that timely and complete communication between staff occurs. In an academic tertiary care medical center, a team consisting of representatives from 6 patient care units used improvement methods of operational excellence to improve patient centered movement.
The goal of this project was to improve the percentages of two questions related to information sharing on the FY2018 AHRQ Culture of Patient Safety Survey. Using baseline metrics to reflect the current state of patient wait ...
Designing The Ideal Perioperative Pain Management Plan Starts With Multimodal Analgesia., 2018 Thomas Jefferson University
Designing The Ideal Perioperative Pain Management Plan Starts With Multimodal Analgesia., Eric S. Schwenk, Edward R. Mariano
Department of Anesthesiology Faculty Papers
Multimodal analgesia is defined as the use of more than one pharmacological class of analgesic medication targeting different receptors along the pain pathway with the goal of improving analgesia while reducing individual class-related side effects. Evidence today supports the routine use of multimodal analgesia in the perioperative period to eliminate the over-reliance on opioids for pain control and to reduce opioid-related adverse events. A multimodal analgesic protocol should be surgery-specific, functioning more like a checklist than a recipe, with options to tailor to the individual patient. Elements of this protocol may include opioids, non-opioid systemic analgesics like acetaminophen, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory ...
Referral Policy For Moderate To High-Risk Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients Identified By The Stop-Bang Questionnaire: A Quality Improvement Project, 2018 University of Southern Mississippi
Referral Policy For Moderate To High-Risk Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients Identified By The Stop-Bang Questionnaire: A Quality Improvement Project, Martha Kate Goforth, Price Roberts
BACKGROUND: An increase in the prevalence of Obstructive Sleep Apnea is as high as 70% in the surgical population. OSA is associated with a higher incidence of complications in the perioperative setting showing the increased need for proper identification of moderate to high-riskpatients for referral to local sleep clinics. Identifying and treating OSA is an important step to improve managementof chronic diseases, decrease complications both inside and outside the perioperative setting, and reduce healthcare spending.
METHODS: The purpose of this project was to create an OSA referral program for patients undergoing general anesthesia at a hospital in Mississippi. The recommended ...
Continuous Epidural Analgesia For Postoperative Pain Management: A Policy Analysis, 2018 The University of Southern Mississippi
Continuous Epidural Analgesia For Postoperative Pain Management: A Policy Analysis, Madison Nowell
Postoperative pain management is a necessary component of the care of every surgical patient. Epidural analgesia is a widely used method to provide excellent postoperative pain relief and enhance postoperative recovery (Sawhney, 2012). Epidural analgesia is associated with fewer side effects than alternative pain management techniques; however, when epidural catheters are managed improperly, or pain is inadequately assessed, epidural analgesia fails to provide adequate pain relief (Deni et al., 2016). More than 80% of surgical patients experience moderate to severe postoperative pain, and 28 to 50% of these patients have a pain score greater than 6 out of 10 at ...
Challenges Of Pain Management In Neurologically Injured Patients: Systematic Review Protocol Of Analgesia And Sedation Strategies For Early Recovery From Neurointensive Care., 2018 Thomas Jefferson University
Challenges Of Pain Management In Neurologically Injured Patients: Systematic Review Protocol Of Analgesia And Sedation Strategies For Early Recovery From Neurointensive Care., David Wyler, Michael Esterlis, Brittany Burns Dennis, Andrew Ng, Abhijit Lele
Department of Anesthesiology Faculty Papers
BACKGROUND: A recent paradigm shift within the intensive care discipline has led to implementation of protocols to drive early recovery from the intensive care unit (ICU). These protocols belong to a large knowledge, translation and quality improvement initiative lead by the Society of Critical Care Medicine, aiming to "liberate" patients from the ICU. They "bundle" evidence-based elements shown to lower ICU stay and mortality and optimize pain management. The bundled elements focus on Assessing, preventing and managing pain; Both spontaneous awakening trials and spontaneous breathing trials; Choice of analgesia and sedation; assessment, prevention, and management of Delirium; Early mobility and ...
Noninvasive Hemodynamic Monitoring In Emergency Trauma Patients, 2018 University of New England
Noninvasive Hemodynamic Monitoring In Emergency Trauma Patients, Ryan Boyd
Nurse Anesthesia Capstones
Noninvasive hemodynamic monitoring has evolved steadily over the past few decades in response to healthcare providers' preference for less invasive monitoring methods for their patients. Invasive monitoring has its place in the critically ill patient population as witnessed in intensive care units throughout the country. Even in this environment, providers are opting less for the pulmonary artery catheter which has been the gold standard for invasive cardiac output monitoring in the past. Providers are now utilizing less invasive monitoring techniques which offer fewer potential complications to the patient while providing rapid access to critically important hemodynamic data. Examination of different ...
The Utilization Of Laryngeal Mask Airways Vs. Endotracheal Tubes In Pediatrics With Upper Respiratory Tract Infection In Reducing Airway Complications, Ruby Foster
Nurse Anesthesia Capstones
According to Tait & Malviya, (2005) children typically experience six to eight upper respiratory infections (URIs) per year with ninety-five percent being viral in etiology (Tait & Malvia, 2005). URIs commonly occur in the pediatric population (Bernando-Ocampo, 2012). An issue surrounding the debate on whether a child with upper respiratory infection (URI) should proceed with surgery or cancel surgery is a debate that has been ongoing for several years (Tait el al. 2005). This review examines whether children who have an URI scheduled for surgery are at an increased risk for adverse respiratory complications when the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) is used ...