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Human Papillomavirus 16 Variants From Zambian Women With Normal Pap Smears, Yan Jun Lei, Kgomotso Makhaola, Daraporn Pittayakhajonwut, Charles Wood, Peter C. Angeletti 2011 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Human Papillomavirus 16 Variants From Zambian Women With Normal Pap Smears, Yan Jun Lei, Kgomotso Makhaola, Daraporn Pittayakhajonwut, Charles Wood, Peter C. Angeletti

Virology Papers

Human papillomavirus (HPV) type 16 is the most prevalent high-risk viral genotype associated with cervical cancer. Six distinct phylogenetic clusters of HPVs have been identified and are distributed differently across five continents. HPV16 DNA was extracted from cervico-lavage samples from women with normal pap smears. The LCR regions were amplified in triplicate, cloned, sequenced, and analyzed from a total of 11 recovered HPV16 positive samples [Ng’andwe et al. (2007): BMC Infect Dis 7:77] were analyzed for sequence variation. The HPV16 LCR variants were assessed for promoter activity by use of a luciferase reporter gene. Six novel HPV16 variants ...


Hiv-1 Effects On Neuropsychological Performance In A Resource-Limited Country, Zambia, Gabriel Holguin, Mwanza Banda, Elizabeth J. Willen, Costantine Malama, Kaseya O. Chiyenu, Victor C. Mudenda, Charles Wood 2011 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Hiv-1 Effects On Neuropsychological Performance In A Resource-Limited Country, Zambia, Gabriel Holguin, Mwanza Banda, Elizabeth J. Willen, Costantine Malama, Kaseya O. Chiyenu, Victor C. Mudenda, Charles Wood

Virology Papers

Zambia has substantially been affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic with prevalence rates at 14% in a population estimated at 12 million. Yet, the extent of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) in this population remains to be clearly understood. A series of culturally appropriate neuropsychological (NP) assessments [International HIV Dementia Scale (IHDS), Color Trails Test 1 and 2, Grooved pegboard Test, and Time Gait Test] were used to test the effects of HIV on NP performance of HIV seropositive and seronegative individuals. Twenty-two percent HIV positive individuals ARV naïve met the criteria for IHDS-defined NP impairment. Gender significantly influenced the performance ...


Androgen Increases Angiotensin Receptor Type 1a On Smooth Muscle Cells To Promote Angiotensin Ii-Induced Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms, Xuan Zhang 2011 University of Kentucky

Androgen Increases Angiotensin Receptor Type 1a On Smooth Muscle Cells To Promote Angiotensin Ii-Induced Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms, Xuan Zhang

University of Kentucky Doctoral Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine whether androgen promotes AT1aR expression on smooth muscle to confer high prevalence of AngII-induced AAAs in hyperlipidemic mice. In addition, we also investigate the role of androgen in the progression of established AngII-induced AAAs.

First, we sought to examine the role of endogenous androgen in the growth of established AngII-induced AAAs. By castrating male mice, we demonstrated that removal of endogenous androgen significantly decreased the progressive lumen dilation of established AngII-induced AAAs in male ApoE-/- mice, but had no effect on external AAA diameters. These results suggest that androgen contributes to the ...


Pp32 (Anp32a) Expression Inhibits Pancreatic Cancer Cell Growth And Induces Gemcitabine Resistance By Disrupting Hur Binding To Mrnas., Timothy K Williams, Christina L Costantino, Nikolai A Bildzukewicz, Nathan G Richards, David W Rittenhouse, Lisa Einstein, Joseph A Cozzitorto, Judith C Keen, Abhijit Dasgupta, Myriam Gorospe, Gregory E Gonye, Charles J Yeo, Agnieszka K Witkiewicz, Jonathan R Brody 2010 Department of Surgery, Jefferson Pancreas, Biliary and Related Cancer Center, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Pp32 (Anp32a) Expression Inhibits Pancreatic Cancer Cell Growth And Induces Gemcitabine Resistance By Disrupting Hur Binding To Mrnas., Timothy K Williams, Christina L Costantino, Nikolai A Bildzukewicz, Nathan G Richards, David W Rittenhouse, Lisa Einstein, Joseph A Cozzitorto, Judith C Keen, Abhijit Dasgupta, Myriam Gorospe, Gregory E Gonye, Charles J Yeo, Agnieszka K Witkiewicz, Jonathan R Brody

Department of Surgery Faculty Papers

The expression of protein phosphatase 32 (PP32, ANP32A) is low in poorly differentiated pancreatic cancers and is linked to the levels of HuR (ELAV1), a predictive marker for gemcitabine response. In pancreatic cancer cells, exogenous overexpression of pp32 inhibited cell growth, supporting its long-recognized role as a tumor suppressor in pancreatic cancer. In chemotherapeutic sensitivity screening assays, cells overexpressing pp32 were selectively resistant to the nucleoside analogs gemcitabine and cytarabine (ARA-C), but were sensitized to 5-fluorouracil; conversely, silencing pp32 in pancreatic cancer cells enhanced gemcitabine sensitivity. The cytoplasmic levels of pp32 increased after cancer cells are treated with certain stressors ...


Compensation Crisis Related To The Onsite Adequacy Evaluation During Fna Procedures-Urgent Proactive Input From Cytopathology Community Is Critical To Establish Appropriate Reimbursement For Cpt Code 88172 (Or Its New Counterpart If Introduced In The Future), Inderpreet Dhillon, Martha B. Pitman, Richard M. DeMay, Pamela Archuletta, Vinod B. Shidham 2010 Wayne State University

Compensation Crisis Related To The Onsite Adequacy Evaluation During Fna Procedures-Urgent Proactive Input From Cytopathology Community Is Critical To Establish Appropriate Reimbursement For Cpt Code 88172 (Or Its New Counterpart If Introduced In The Future), Inderpreet Dhillon, Martha B. Pitman, Richard M. Demay, Pamela Archuletta, Vinod B. Shidham

Department of Pathology

The confusion centered around appropriate use of the CPT billing code 88172 is addressed in the commentary from the Economic and Government Affairs Committee of the American Society of Cytopathology (ASC) who have written a timely commentary in this issue of Cytojournal,“Adequate Reimbursement is Crucial to Support Cost-Effective Rapid Onsite Cytopathology Evaluations”. Currently, lack of standardized use within and between pathology departments is stirring unhealthy practices of denying reimbursements for this critical and legitimate cytopathology service. This editorial discusses the important concerns raised in this commentary and recommends immediate corrective action. (See also Al-Abbadi MA, et al. Adequate reimbursement ...


S-Glutathionylation Activates Stim1 And Alters Mitochondrial Homeostasis., Brian J Hawkins, Krishna M Irrinki, Karthik Mallilankaraman, Yu-Chin Lien, Youjun Wang, Cunnigaiper D Bhanumathy, Ramasamy Subbiah, Michael F Ritchie, Jonathan Soboloff, Yoshihiro Baba, Tomohiro Kurosaki, Suresh K Joseph, Donald L Gill, Muniswamy Madesh 2010 Temple University

S-Glutathionylation Activates Stim1 And Alters Mitochondrial Homeostasis., Brian J Hawkins, Krishna M Irrinki, Karthik Mallilankaraman, Yu-Chin Lien, Youjun Wang, Cunnigaiper D Bhanumathy, Ramasamy Subbiah, Michael F Ritchie, Jonathan Soboloff, Yoshihiro Baba, Tomohiro Kurosaki, Suresh K Joseph, Donald L Gill, Muniswamy Madesh

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Oxidant stress influences many cellular processes, including cell growth, differentiation, and cell death. A well-recognized link between these processes and oxidant stress is via alterations in Ca(2+) signaling. However, precisely how oxidants influence Ca(2+) signaling remains unclear. Oxidant stress led to a phenotypic shift in Ca(2+) mobilization from an oscillatory to a sustained elevated pattern via calcium release-activated calcium (CRAC)-mediated capacitive Ca(2+) entry, and stromal interaction molecule 1 (STIM1)- and Orai1-deficient cells are resistant to oxidant stress. Functionally, oxidant-induced Ca(2+) entry alters mitochondrial Ca(2+) handling and bioenergetics and triggers cell death. STIM1 is ...


Immune Recognition Of Self Nucleic Acids Driven By Endogenous Antimicrobial Peptides: Role In Autoimmunity, Dipyaman Ganguly 2010 University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston

Immune Recognition Of Self Nucleic Acids Driven By Endogenous Antimicrobial Peptides: Role In Autoimmunity, Dipyaman Ganguly

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Innate immune recognition of extracellular host-derived self-DNA and self-RNA is prevented by endosomal seclusion of the Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in the dendritic cells (DCs). However, in psoriasis plasmacytoid dendritic cells have been found to be able to sense self-DNA molecules in complex with the endogenous cationic antimicrobial peptide LL37, which are internalized into the endosomal compartments and thus can access TLR9. We investigated whether this endogenous peptide can also interact with extracellular self-RNA and lead to DC activation. We found that LL37 binds self-RNA as well as self-DNA going into an electrostatic interaction; forms micro-aggregates of nano-scale particles protected from ...


Breast Cancer Dna Methylation Profiles Are Associated With Tumor Size And Alcohol And Folate Intake, Brock C. Christensen, Karl T. Kelsey, Shichun Zheng, E. Andres Houseman, Carmen J. Marsit, Margaret R. Wrensch, Joseph L. Wiemels, Heather H. Nelson, Margaret R. Karagas 2010 Brown University

Breast Cancer Dna Methylation Profiles Are Associated With Tumor Size And Alcohol And Folate Intake, Brock C. Christensen, Karl T. Kelsey, Shichun Zheng, E. Andres Houseman, Carmen J. Marsit, Margaret R. Wrensch, Joseph L. Wiemels, Heather H. Nelson, Margaret R. Karagas

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles

Although tumor size and lymph node involvement are the current cornerstones of breast cancer prognosis, they have not been extensively explored in relation to tumor methylation attributes in conjunction with other tumor and patient dietary and hormonal characteristics. Using primary breast tumors from 162 (AJCC stage I-IV) women from the Kaiser Division of Research Pathways Study and the Illumina GoldenGate methylation bead-array platform, we measured 1,413 autosomal CpG loci associated with 773 cancer-related genes and validated select CpG loci with Sequenom EpiTYPER. Tumor grade, size, estrogen and progesterone receptor status, and triple negative status were significantly (Q-values <0.05) associated with altered methylation of 209, 74, 183, 69, and 130 loci, respectively. Unsupervised clustering, using a recursively partitioned mixture model (RPMM), of all autosomal CpG loci revealed eight distinct methylation classes. Methylation class membership was significantly associated with patient race (P<0.02) and tumor size (P<0.001) in univariate tests. Using multinomial logistic regression to adjust for potential confounders, patient age and tumor size, as well as known disease risk factors of alcohol intake and total dietary folate, were all significantly (P<0.0001) associated with methylation class membership. Breast cancer prognostic characteristics and risk-related exposures appear to be associated with gene-specific tumor methylation, as well as overall methylation patterns.


Assessment Of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (Egfr) Expression In Human Meningioma., A Gabriella Wernicke, Adam P Dicker, Michal Whiton, Jana Ivanidze, Terry Hyslop, Elizabeth H Hammond, Arie Perry, David W Andrews, Lawrence Kenyon 2010 Department of Stich Radiation Oncology, Weill Cornell School of Medicine at Cornell University

Assessment Of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (Egfr) Expression In Human Meningioma., A Gabriella Wernicke, Adam P Dicker, Michal Whiton, Jana Ivanidze, Terry Hyslop, Elizabeth H Hammond, Arie Perry, David W Andrews, Lawrence Kenyon

Faculty papers Kimmel Cancer Center

PURPOSE: This study explores whether meningioma expresses epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and determines if there is a correlation between the WHO grade of this tumor and the degree of EGFR expression.

METHODS: Following institutional review board approval, 113 meningioma specimens from 89 patients were chosen. Of these, 85 were used for final analysis. After a blinded review, immunohistochemical stains for EGFR were performed. Staining intensity (SI) was scored on a scale 0-3 (from no staining to strong staining). Staining percentage of immunoreactive cells (SP) was scored 1-5 (from the least to the maximum percent of the specimen staining). Immunohistochemical ...


Type I Insulin-Like Growth Factor Receptor Tyrosine Kinase As A Molecular Target In Mantle Cell Lymphoma, Deeksha Vishwamitra 2010 Unversity of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston

Type I Insulin-Like Growth Factor Receptor Tyrosine Kinase As A Molecular Target In Mantle Cell Lymphoma, Deeksha Vishwamitra

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is an aggressive B-cell lymphoid malignancy representing 5-10% of all non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas. It is distinguished by the t(11;14)(q13;q32) chromosomal translocation that juxtaposes the proto-oncogene CCND1, which encodes cyclin D1 at 11q13 to the IgH gene at 14q32. MCL patients represent about 6% of all new cases of Non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas per year or about 3,500 new cases per year. MCL occurs more frequently in older adults – the average age at diagnosis is the mid-60s with a male-to-female ratio of 2-3:1. It is typically characterized by the proliferation of neoplastic ...


Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein-3 (Igfbp-3) Plays An Essential Role In Cellular Senescence: Molecular And Clinical Implications., Amanda Garza 2010 Virginia Commonwealth University

Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein-3 (Igfbp-3) Plays An Essential Role In Cellular Senescence: Molecular And Clinical Implications., Amanda Garza

Theses and Dissertations

Normal somatic cells have a limited proliferative capacity in vivo and in vitro, termed senescence and later, thought to contribute to molecular and cellular organismal aging. There are several studies that demonstrate the importance of the GH/IGF axis in longevity, aging and cellular senescence. One primary component of the IGF signaling involves IGFBP-3. It is well documented that IGFBP-3 levels are significantly increased in senescent human diploid fibroblasts however IGFBP-3 function is not known in this system. Interestingly, Werner syndrome fibroblasts, commonly used as a model of cellular aging, have upregulated IGFBP-3 levels in young and late passage cells ...


Compositions And Methods Useful For Treating Circulatory And Hypovolemic Shock, Peter R. Oeltgen, Meera Govindaswami 2010 University of Kentucky

Compositions And Methods Useful For Treating Circulatory And Hypovolemic Shock, Peter R. Oeltgen, Meera Govindaswami

Pathology and Laboratory Medicine Faculty Patents

Polypeptides, compositions, and methods for treating shock are described. A isolated polypeptide, Deltorphin-E, can be administered without concomitant fluid resuscitation, before, concurrently with, or after the onset of shock or the occurrence of an event that creates a risk of shock. Deltorphin-E can be administered in accordance with the method as part of a preconditioning strategy, which reduces the extent of ischemic injury. Deltorphin-E can be used in preparation for planned ischemia or in a prophylactic manner in anticipation of further ischemic events.


Optimal Bone Strength And Mineralization Requires The Type 2 Iodothyronine Deiodinase In Osteoblasts, J. H. D. Bassett, Alan Boyde, Peter G. T. Howell, Richard H. Bassett, Thomas M. Galliford, Marta Archanco, Holly Evans, Michelle A. Lawson, Peter Croucher, Donald L. St. Germain, Valerie A. Galton, Graham R. Williams 2010 Imperial College London

Optimal Bone Strength And Mineralization Requires The Type 2 Iodothyronine Deiodinase In Osteoblasts, J. H. D. Bassett, Alan Boyde, Peter G. T. Howell, Richard H. Bassett, Thomas M. Galliford, Marta Archanco, Holly Evans, Michelle A. Lawson, Peter Croucher, Donald L. St. Germain, Valerie A. Galton, Graham R. Williams

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles

Hypothyroidism and thyrotoxicosis are each associated with an increased risk of fracture. Although thyroxine (T4) is the predominant circulating thyroid hormone, target cell responses are determined by local intracellular availability of the active hormone 3,5,3'-L-triiodothyronine (T3), which is generated from T4 by the type 2 deiodinase enzyme (D2). To investigate the role of locally produced T3 in bone, we characterized mice deficient in D2 (D2KO) in which the serum T3 level is normal. Bones from adult D2KO mice have reduced toughness and are brittle, displaying an increased susceptibility to fracture. This phenotype is characterized by a 50 ...


Azi-Isoflurane, A Photolabel Analog Of The Commonly Used Inhaled General Anesthetic Isoflurane., Roderic G Eckenhoff, Jin Xi, Motomu Shimaoka, Aditya Bhattacharji, Manuel Covarrubias, William P Dailey 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Azi-Isoflurane, A Photolabel Analog Of The Commonly Used Inhaled General Anesthetic Isoflurane., Roderic G Eckenhoff, Jin Xi, Motomu Shimaoka, Aditya Bhattacharji, Manuel Covarrubias, William P Dailey

Department of Pathology, Anatomy, and Cell Biology Faculty Papers

Volatility and low-affinity hamper an ability to define molecular targets of the inhaled anesthetics. Photolabels have proven to be a useful approach in this regard, although none have closely mimicked contemporary drugs. We report here the synthesis and validation of azi-isoflurane, a compound constructed by adding a diazirinyl moiety to the methyl carbon of the commonly used general anesthetic isoflurane. Azi-isoflurane is slightly more hydrophobic than isoflurane, and more potent in tadpoles. This novel compound inhibits Shaw2 K(+) channel currents similarly to isoflurane and binds to apoferritin with enhanced affinity. Finally, when irradiated at 300 nm, azi-isoflurane adducts to residues ...


Acat1 Gene Ablation Increases 24(S)-Hydroxycholesterol Content In The Brain And Ameliorates Amyloid Pathology In Mice With Ad, Elena Y. Bryleva, Maximillian A. Rogers, Catherine C. Y. Chang, Floyd Buen 2010 Dartmouth College

Acat1 Gene Ablation Increases 24(S)-Hydroxycholesterol Content In The Brain And Ameliorates Amyloid Pathology In Mice With Ad, Elena Y. Bryleva, Maximillian A. Rogers, Catherine C. Y. Chang, Floyd Buen

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles

Cholesterol metabolism has been implicated in the pathogenesis of several neurodegenerative diseases, including the abnormal accumulation of amyloid-beta, one of the pathological hallmarks of Alzheimer disease (AD). Acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferases (ACAT1 and ACAT2) are two enzymes that convert free cholesterol to cholesteryl esters. ACAT inhibitors have recently emerged as promising drug candidates for AD therapy. However, how ACAT inhibitors act in the brain has so far remained unclear. Here we show that ACAT1 is the major functional isoenzyme in the mouse brain. ACAT1 gene ablation (A1-) in triple transgenic (i.e., 3XTg-AD) mice leads to more than 60% reduction in ...


Recapitulating Osteoblastogenesis With Electrospun Fibrinogen Nanofibers And Adipose Stem Cells And Electrospinning Adipose Tissue-Derived Basement Membrane, Michael Francis 2010 Virginia Commonwealth University

Recapitulating Osteoblastogenesis With Electrospun Fibrinogen Nanofibers And Adipose Stem Cells And Electrospinning Adipose Tissue-Derived Basement Membrane, Michael Francis

Theses and Dissertations

To repair, replace, or regenerate damaged or diseased tissue has been a long-standing, albeit elusive, goal in medical research. Here, we characterize patient-derivable mesenchymal stem cell types, termed adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs). These cells, which can be derived from liposuction fat and lipoaspirate saline, are sources for patient-derivable extracellular matrix (ECM), fibrinogen (Fg) and adipose tissue extracellular matrix, and may prove useful for synthesizing new bone tissue analogues in vitro. Traditionally and rapidly isolated ASCs were thoroughly characterized as multipotent, having osteogenic, adipogenic, and chondrogenic differentiation potential, and they exhibited comparable proliferative lifespans. These ASCs also shared an indistinguishable immunophenotype ...


Pulmonary Cyclooxygenase-1 (Cox-1) And Cox-2 Cellular Expression And Distribution After Respiratory Syncytial Virus And Parainfluenza Virus Infection, Zaher A. Radi, David K. Meyerholz, Mark R. Ackermann 2010 Pfizer

Pulmonary Cyclooxygenase-1 (Cox-1) And Cox-2 Cellular Expression And Distribution After Respiratory Syncytial Virus And Parainfluenza Virus Infection, Zaher A. Radi, David K. Meyerholz, Mark R. Ackermann

Veterinary Pathology Publications and Papers

Prostaglandins (PGs) play an important role in pulmonary physiology and various pathophysiological processes following infection. The initial step in the biosynthesis of PGs is regulated by two distinct cyclooxygenase enzymes, cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) and COX-2. The goal of this study was to investigate the pulmonary cellular localization and distribution of COX-1 and COX-2 in a neonatal lamb model following respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and parainfluenza virus 3 (PI3) infection, organisms that also cause significant respiratory disease in children. No significant differences were seen in pulmonary COX-1 expression at various microanatomical locations following RSV or PI3 infection compared to controls. In contrast ...


Progressive Changes In Microglia And Macrophages In Spinal Cord And Peripheral Nerve In The Transgenic Rat Model Of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, David J. Graber, William F. Hickey, Brent T. Harris 2010 Dartmouth College

Progressive Changes In Microglia And Macrophages In Spinal Cord And Peripheral Nerve In The Transgenic Rat Model Of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, David J. Graber, William F. Hickey, Brent T. Harris

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles

The role of neuroinflammation in motor neuron death of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is unclear. The human mutant superoxide dismutase-1 (hmSOD1)-expressing murine transgenic model of ALS has provided some insight into changes in microglia activity during disease progression. The purpose of this study was to gain further knowledge by characterizing the immunological changes during disease progression in the spinal cord and peripheral nerve using the more recently developed hmSOD1 rat transgenic model of ALS. Using immunohistochemistry, the extent and intensity of tissue CD11b expression in spinal cord, lumbar nerve roots, and sciatic nerve were evaluated in hmSOD1 rats that ...


Synergy 2010: Annual Research Report, UNT Health Science Center Research Office 2010 University of North Texas Health Science Center

Synergy 2010: Annual Research Report, Unt Health Science Center Research Office

Annual Reports

No abstract provided.


Imaging Spontaneous Mmtvneu Transgenic Murine Mammary Tumors: Targeting Metabolic Activity Versus Genetic Products., Mathew L Thakur, Devakumar Devadhas, Kaijun Zhang, Richard G Pestell, Chenguang Wang, Peter McCue, Eric Wickstrom 2010 Thomas Jefferson University

Imaging Spontaneous Mmtvneu Transgenic Murine Mammary Tumors: Targeting Metabolic Activity Versus Genetic Products., Mathew L Thakur, Devakumar Devadhas, Kaijun Zhang, Richard G Pestell, Chenguang Wang, Peter Mccue, Eric Wickstrom

Department of Radiology Faculty Papers

INTRODUCTION: Despite the great strides made in imaging breast cancer (BC) in humans, the current imaging modalities miss up to 30% of BC, do not distinguish malignant lesions from benign ones, and require histologic examinations for which invasive biopsy must be performed. Annually in the United States, approximately 5.6 million biopsies find benign lesions. More than 50% of human BCs overexpress cyclin D1, and all BCs exhibit VPAC1 oncogene products. Together, these gene products may provide an excellent biomarker for the early and accurate detection of BC. We have evaluated 4 biologically active peptide analogs that have high affinity ...


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