Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Medical Nutrition Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

361 Full-Text Articles 1,028 Authors 80,233 Downloads 60 Institutions

All Articles in Medical Nutrition

Faceted Search

361 full-text articles. Page 9 of 11.

The Political Economy Of Undernutrition National Report: Pakistan, Shehla Zaidi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Shandana Khan Mohmand, Andres Mejia Acosta 2013 Aga Khan University

The Political Economy Of Undernutrition National Report: Pakistan, Shehla Zaidi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Shandana Khan Mohmand, Andres Mejia Acosta

Community Health Sciences

No abstract provided.


Acetaminophen Combinations Protect Against Iron-Induced Cardiac Damage In Gerbils, Ernest Walker, Ryan Morrison, Lucy Dornon, Joseph Laurino, Sandra Walker, Mark Studeny, Paulette Wehner, Kevin Rice, Miaozong Wu, Eric Blough 2013 Marshall University

Acetaminophen Combinations Protect Against Iron-Induced Cardiac Damage In Gerbils, Ernest Walker, Ryan Morrison, Lucy Dornon, Joseph Laurino, Sandra Walker, Mark Studeny, Paulette Wehner, Kevin Rice, Miaozong Wu, Eric Blough

Miaozong Wu

This study tested if acetaminophen, N-methyl-D-glucamine dithiocarbamate (NMGDTC), deferoxamine, and combinations of these agents reduce excess iron content, prevent iron-induced pathology, reduce cardiac arrhythmias, and reduce mortality in iron-overloaded gerbils. Eight groups of 16 gerbils received iron dextran injections (ferric hydroxide dextran complex, 120 mg/kg, ip) or saline solution (controls) twice/wk for 8 wk. The 8 groups were treated every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday with one of the following: saline control, acetaminophen, 150 mg/kg, ip), acetaminophen (150 mg/kg, po), deferoxamine, 83 mg/kg, ip), NMGDTC (200 mg/kg, ip), or combinations of acetaminophen (75 mg/kg ...


The Healthy Incentive For Pre-Schools (Hip) Project: The Development, Validation, Evaluation And Implementation Of An Healthy Incentive Scheme In The Irish Full Day Care Pre-School Setting., Charlotte Johnston Molloy 2013 Technological University Dublin

The Healthy Incentive For Pre-Schools (Hip) Project: The Development, Validation, Evaluation And Implementation Of An Healthy Incentive Scheme In The Irish Full Day Care Pre-School Setting., Charlotte Johnston Molloy

Doctoral

While many children are now cared for outside the home, inadequate nutrition and physical activity practices in pre-schools have been reported. This study aimed to develop a validated nutrition and health related evaluation tool and an education information resource for pre-schools, and determine whether their use can promote improved food service and nutrition and physical activity practices in this setting. Following a pilot phase undertaken in Co. Wicklow (n 12), pre-schools providing a full day care service in the Midland Area of Ireland were invited to participate in the study (n, 100). Direct observation was used to collect data (food ...


Acetaminophen Combinations Protect Against Iron-Induced Cardiac Damage In Gerbils, Ernest M. Walker Jr., Ryan G. Morrison, Lucy Dornon, Joseph P. Laurino, Sandra M. Walker, Mark Studeny, Paulette S. Wehner, Kevin M. Rice, Miaozong Wu, Eric R. Blough 2013 Marshall University

Acetaminophen Combinations Protect Against Iron-Induced Cardiac Damage In Gerbils, Ernest M. Walker Jr., Ryan G. Morrison, Lucy Dornon, Joseph P. Laurino, Sandra M. Walker, Mark Studeny, Paulette S. Wehner, Kevin M. Rice, Miaozong Wu, Eric R. Blough

Eric Blough

This study tested if acetaminophen, N-methyl-D-glucamine dithiocarbamate (NMGDTC), deferoxamine, and combinations of these agents reduce excess iron content, prevent iron-induced pathology, reduce cardiac arrhythmias, and reduce mortality in iron-overloaded gerbils. Eight groups of 16 gerbils received iron dextran injections (ferric hydroxide dextran complex, 120 mg/kg, ip) or saline solution (controls) twice/wk for 8 wk. The 8 groups were treated every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday with one of the following: saline control, acetaminophen, 150 mg/kg, ip), acetaminophen (150 mg/kg, po), deferoxamine, 83 mg/kg, ip), NMGDTC (200 mg/kg, ip), or combinations of acetaminophen (75 mg/kg ...


Acetaminophen Combinations Protect Against Iron-Induced Cardiac Damage In Gerbils, Ernest M. Walker Jr., Ryan G. Morrison, Lucy Dornon, Joseph P. Laurino, Sandra M. Walker, Mark Studeny, Paulette S. Wehner, Kevin M. Rice, Miaozong Wu, Eric R. Blough 2013 Marshall University

Acetaminophen Combinations Protect Against Iron-Induced Cardiac Damage In Gerbils, Ernest M. Walker Jr., Ryan G. Morrison, Lucy Dornon, Joseph P. Laurino, Sandra M. Walker, Mark Studeny, Paulette S. Wehner, Kevin M. Rice, Miaozong Wu, Eric R. Blough

Paulette S. Wehner

This study tested if acetaminophen, N-methyl-D-glucamine dithiocarbamate (NMGDTC), deferoxamine, and combinations of these agents reduce excess iron content, prevent iron-induced pathology, reduce cardiac arrhythmias, and reduce mortality in iron-overloaded gerbils. Eight groups of 16 gerbils received iron dextran injections (ferric hydroxide dextran complex, 120 mg/kg, ip) or saline solution (controls) twice/wk for 8 wk. The 8 groups were treated every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday with one of the following: saline control, acetaminophen, 150 mg/kg, ip), acetaminophen (150 mg/kg, po), deferoxamine, 83 mg/kg, ip), NMGDTC (200 mg/kg, ip), or combinations of acetaminophen (75 mg/kg ...


Acetaminophen Combinations Protect Against Iron-Induced Cardiac Damage In Gerbils, Ernest M. Walker Jr., Ryan G. Morrison, Lucy Dornon, Joseph P. Laurino, Sandra M. Walker, Mark Studeny, Paulette S. Wehner, Kevin M. Rice, Miaozong Wu, Eric R. Blough 2013 Marshall University

Acetaminophen Combinations Protect Against Iron-Induced Cardiac Damage In Gerbils, Ernest M. Walker Jr., Ryan G. Morrison, Lucy Dornon, Joseph P. Laurino, Sandra M. Walker, Mark Studeny, Paulette S. Wehner, Kevin M. Rice, Miaozong Wu, Eric R. Blough

Mark A. Studeny

This study tested if acetaminophen, N-methyl-D-glucamine dithiocarbamate (NMGDTC), deferoxamine, and combinations of these agents reduce excess iron content, prevent iron-induced pathology, reduce cardiac arrhythmias, and reduce mortality in iron-overloaded gerbils. Eight groups of 16 gerbils received iron dextran injections (ferric hydroxide dextran complex, 120 mg/kg, ip) or saline solution (controls) twice/wk for 8 wk. The 8 groups were treated every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday with one of the following: saline control, acetaminophen, 150 mg/kg, ip), acetaminophen (150 mg/kg, po), deferoxamine, 83 mg/kg, ip), NMGDTC (200 mg/kg, ip), or combinations of acetaminophen (75 mg/kg ...


Nutrition Political Economy, Pakistan. Province Report: Punjab, Shehla Zaidi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Akhtar Rashid, Gul Nawaz, Noorya Hayat, Shandara Khan Mohmand, Andres Mejia Acosta 2013 Aga Khan University

Nutrition Political Economy, Pakistan. Province Report: Punjab, Shehla Zaidi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Akhtar Rashid, Gul Nawaz, Noorya Hayat, Shandara Khan Mohmand, Andres Mejia Acosta

Clinical Epidemiology Unit

No abstract provided.


The Political Economy Of Undernutrition. National Report, Pakistan, Shehla Zaidi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Shandana Khan Mohmand, Andres Mejia Acosta 2013 Aga Khan University

The Political Economy Of Undernutrition. National Report, Pakistan, Shehla Zaidi, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta, Shandana Khan Mohmand, Andres Mejia Acosta

Clinical Epidemiology Unit

No abstract provided.


Is There An Alternative Way Of Treating Drug Resistant Epilepsy? The Effects Of The Ketogenic Diet In Children With Intractable Epilepsy, Chaya M. Weinberg 2013 Touro College

Is There An Alternative Way Of Treating Drug Resistant Epilepsy? The Effects Of The Ketogenic Diet In Children With Intractable Epilepsy, Chaya M. Weinberg

The Science Journal of the Lander College of Arts and Sciences

Many children with epilepsy experience seizures that cannot be resolved with medication. Since surgical intervention is not always an option, the ketogenic diet (KD). a high fat, low carbohydrate and protein diet, offers a chance for seizure reduction and in some cases freedom from seizures and medication. Side effects do exist, although none are serious. Efficacy has been proven through many studies. The mechanism of the KD's effectiveness is still unknown, although several hypotheses exist, including the theory that ketone bodies themselves are anticonvulsant, and the hypothesis that glucose restriction stops seizures. Adenosine A1 receptors are also thought to ...


An Update On Vitamin D: The Role In Chronic Disease, Clinical Practice Implications, And The Current Status Of Nurse Practitioner Knowledge, Sara E. Robertson 2013 University of Kentucky

An Update On Vitamin D: The Role In Chronic Disease, Clinical Practice Implications, And The Current Status Of Nurse Practitioner Knowledge, Sara E. Robertson

DNP Projects

The discovery that a large portion of the United States population is vitamin D deficient, has led to hundreds of studies in the last decade which aim to discover the role of vitamin D in overall health and to determine what clinical consequences occur in a deficient state. The current clinical knowledge regarding vitamin D deficiency is reviewed, including the definition of vitamin D insufficiency and deficiency and its correlation to chronic disease states; the risk factors and epidemiology of vitamin D deficiency; and appropriate clinical screening and treatment of vitamin D deficiency. A research study completed in 2012 to ...


Effects Of A Eucaloric Low Glycemic Index Diet On Insulin Sensitivity And Intramyocellular Lipid Content In Adults With Abdominal Obesity, Angela Marie Kochan 2013 Sheridan College

Effects Of A Eucaloric Low Glycemic Index Diet On Insulin Sensitivity And Intramyocellular Lipid Content In Adults With Abdominal Obesity, Angela Marie Kochan

Faculty Publications and Scholarship

Individuals with abdominal obesity are at higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes, predisposing cardiovascular events and insulin resistance. Low glycemic index (GI) diets may be beneficial in the management of insulin resistance. Insulin resistance is associated with increased intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) content as measured by proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS). The primary objective of this thesis was to determine whether a low GI diet can improve insulin sensitivity by reducing IMCL of skeletal muscle. One hundred and twenty-one male and female participants aged 30 to 70 years (mean+SD, 53+10)) with abdominal obesity, entered a 4 to ...


Strengthening Vendor Standards In The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: Are Healthier Foods Within Reach?, Mary E. Kennelly, Roni Neff, Lainie Rutkow 2013 University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law

Strengthening Vendor Standards In The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: Are Healthier Foods Within Reach?, Mary E. Kennelly, Roni Neff, Lainie Rutkow

Journal of Health Care Law and Policy

No abstract provided.


Parenteral Nutrition Additive Shortages: The Short-Term, Long-Term And Potential Epigenetic Implications In Premature And Hospitalized Infants., Corrine K. Hanson, Melissa Thoene, Julie Wagner, Dean Collier, Kassandra Lecci, Ann Anderson-Berry 2012 University of Nebraska Medical Center

Parenteral Nutrition Additive Shortages: The Short-Term, Long-Term And Potential Epigenetic Implications In Premature And Hospitalized Infants., Corrine K. Hanson, Melissa Thoene, Julie Wagner, Dean Collier, Kassandra Lecci, Ann Anderson-Berry

Journal Articles: Medical Nutrition

Nutrition support practitioners are currently dealing with shortages of parenteral nutrition micronutrients, including multivitamins (MVI), selenium and zinc. A recent survey from the American Society of Enteral and Parenteral Nutrition (ASPEN) indicates that this shortage is having a profound effect on clinical practice. A majority of respondents reported taking some aggressive measures to ration existing supplies. Most premature infants and many infants with congenital anomalies are dependent on parenteral nutrition for the first weeks of life to meet nutritional needs. Because of fragile health and poor reserves, they are uniquely susceptible to this problem. It should be understood that shortages ...


Biochemical Pathways In Cancer, Eun-Kyoung Yim Breuer, Mandi M. Murph, Rolf J. Craven 2012 Loyola University Chicago

Biochemical Pathways In Cancer, Eun-Kyoung Yim Breuer, Mandi M. Murph, Rolf J. Craven

Pharmacology and Nutritional Sciences Faculty Publications

No abstract.


Nutritional Interventions For Ibs Patients, Kaitlin Fain, April Locher 2012 Cedarville University

Nutritional Interventions For Ibs Patients, Kaitlin Fain, April Locher

Pharmacy and Nursing Student Research and Evidence-Based Medicine Poster Session

IBS is a chronic disease without a clear etiology. 3-25% of the population of western countries are affected by IBS. Symptoms include diarrhea, abdominal pain, incomplete stool, and constipation. These symptoms interfere with daily life and cause feelings of helplessness or hopelessness. The purpose of this study is to determine what diets IBS patients should adhere to in order to decrease symptoms that no diet change would exacerbate.


Consumption Of High Ω-3 Fatty Acid Diet Suppressed Prostate Tumorigenesis In C3(1) Tag Mice, Juliana Akinsete, Gabriela Ion, Theodore Witte, W. Hardman 2012 Marshall University

Consumption Of High Ω-3 Fatty Acid Diet Suppressed Prostate Tumorigenesis In C3(1) Tag Mice, Juliana Akinsete, Gabriela Ion, Theodore Witte, W. Hardman

Gabriela Ion

Prostate cancer incidence and mortality are high in the Western world and high ω-6/ω-3 PUFA in the Western diet may be a contributing factor. We investigated whether changing from a diet that approximates ω-6 fat content of the Western diet to a high ω-3 fat diet at adulthood might reduce prostate cancer risk. Female SV 129 mice that had consumed a high ω-6 diet containing corn oil for 2 weeks were bred with homozygous C3(1)Tag transgenic male mice. All male offspring were weaned to the corn oil diet (CO) until postpuberty when half of the male offspring ...


Medical Nutrition Therapy Provided To Adult Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Patients, Mary G. Habschmidt, Cheryl A. Bacon, Mary B. Gregoire, Heather E. Rasmussen 2012 Rush University Medical Center

Medical Nutrition Therapy Provided To Adult Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Patients, Mary G. Habschmidt, Cheryl A. Bacon, Mary B. Gregoire, Heather E. Rasmussen

Nutrition and Health Sciences -- Faculty Publications

This study explored the current medical nutrition therapy (MNT) provided to adult patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) and examined the current and desired role of registered dietitians (RDs) in providing MNT. A total of 60 RDs (57% response rate) responded to an electronic questionnaire. Descriptive statistics and χ2 analyses (SPSS, version 18) were used. Results revealed the primary form of diet was oral, and for patients on nutrition support, parenteral nutrition (PN) was used more frequently (16%–31%) than enteral nutrition (EN) (5%–9%; P ≤ .05). Nutrition support decisions were based on patients’ individualized needs rather than ...


Rbc And Wbc Fatty Acid Composition Following Consumption Of An Omega 3 Supplement: Lessons For Future Clinical Trials, Theodore R. Witte, Alexander J. Salazar, Oscar F. Ballester, W. Elaine Hardman 2012 Marshall University

Rbc And Wbc Fatty Acid Composition Following Consumption Of An Omega 3 Supplement: Lessons For Future Clinical Trials, Theodore R. Witte, Alexander J. Salazar, Oscar F. Ballester, W. Elaine Hardman

Elaine Hardman Ph.D.

Background: Results from increasing numbers of in vitro and in vivo studies have demonstrated that omega 3 fatty acids incorporated in cell culture media or in the diet of the animals can suppress the growth of cancers. When human clinical trials are initiated to determine the ability of omega 3 fatty acids to alter growth or response to chemotherapeutic interventions of cancers, it will be essential to determine the omega 3 intake of individuals in the trial to determine compliance with consumption of the supplement and to correlate with endpoints of efficacy. We wondered if the fatty acid composition of ...


Dietary Walnut Suppressed Mammary Gland Tumorigenesis In The C(3)1 Tag Mouse, W. Hardman 2012 Marshall University

Dietary Walnut Suppressed Mammary Gland Tumorigenesis In The C(3)1 Tag Mouse, W. Hardman

Elaine Hardman Ph.D.

Walnuts contain multiple ingredients that, individually, have been shown to slow cancer growth, including omega-3 fatty acids, antioxidants, and phytosterols. In previous research, consumption of walnuts has slowed the growth of implanted breast cancers. We wanted to determine whether regular walnut consumption might reduce the risk for developing cancer. Homozygous male C(3)1 TAg mice were bred with female SV129 mice consuming either the control AIN-76 diet or the walnut-containing diet. At weaning, the female hemizygous pups were randomized to control or walnut-containing diets and followed for tumor development. Compared to a diet without walnuts, consumption of walnuts significantly ...


Consumption Of High Ω-3 Fatty Acid Diet Suppressed Prostate Tumorigenesis In C3(1) Tag Mice, Juliana A. Akinsete, Gabriela Ion, Theodore R. Witte, W. Elaine Hardman 2012 Marshall University

Consumption Of High Ω-3 Fatty Acid Diet Suppressed Prostate Tumorigenesis In C3(1) Tag Mice, Juliana A. Akinsete, Gabriela Ion, Theodore R. Witte, W. Elaine Hardman

Elaine Hardman Ph.D.

Prostate cancer incidence and mortality are high in the Western world and high ω-6/ω-3 PUFA in the Western diet may be a contributing factor. We investigated whether changing from a diet that approximates ω-6 fat content of the Western diet to a high ω-3 fat diet at adulthood might reduce prostate cancer risk. Female SV 129 mice that had consumed a high ω-6 diet containing corn oil for 2 weeks were bred with homozygous C3(1)Tag transgenic male mice. All male offspring were weaned to the corn oil diet (CO) until postpuberty when half of the male offspring ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress