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593 full-text articles. Page 22 of 22.

Bitc Sensitizes Pancreatic Adenocarcinomas To Trail-Induced Apoptosis, Christina A. Wicker, Ravi P. Sahu, Kashmira Kulkarni-Datar, Sanjay K. Srivastava, Thomas L. Brown 2010 Wright State University - Main Campus

Bitc Sensitizes Pancreatic Adenocarcinomas To Trail-Induced Apoptosis, Christina A. Wicker, Ravi P. Sahu, Kashmira Kulkarni-Datar, Sanjay K. Srivastava, Thomas L. Brown

Neuroscience, Cell Biology & Physiology Faculty Publications

Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is an aggressive cancer with a greater than 95% mortality rate and short survival after diagnosis. Chemotherapeutic resistance hinders successful treatment. This resistance is often associated with mutations in codon 12 of the K-Ras gene (K-Ras 12), which is present in over 90% of all pancreatic adenocarcinomas. Codon 12 mutations maintain Ras in a constitutively active state leading to continuous cellular proliferation. Our study determined if TRAIL resistance in pancreatic adenocarcinomas with K-Ras 12 mutations could be overcome by first sensitizing the cells with Benzyl isothiocyanate (BITC). BITC is a component of cruciferous vegetables and a cell cycle ...


Synergy 2010: Annual Research Report, UNT Health Science Center Research Office 2010 University of North Texas Health Science Center

Synergy 2010: Annual Research Report, Unt Health Science Center Research Office

Annual Reports

No abstract provided.


Interaction Of The Mu-Opioid Receptor With Gpr177 (Wntless) Inhibits Wnt Secretion: Potential Implications For Opioid Dependence., Jay Jin, Saranya Kittanakom, Victoria Wong, Beverly A S Reyes, Elisabeth J Van Bockstaele, Igor Stagljar, Wade Berrettini, Robert Levenson 2010 Department of Pharmacology, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, PA 17033, United States

Interaction Of The Mu-Opioid Receptor With Gpr177 (Wntless) Inhibits Wnt Secretion: Potential Implications For Opioid Dependence., Jay Jin, Saranya Kittanakom, Victoria Wong, Beverly A S Reyes, Elisabeth J Van Bockstaele, Igor Stagljar, Wade Berrettini, Robert Levenson

Department of Neurosurgery Faculty Papers

BACKGROUND: Opioid agonist drugs produce analgesia. However, long-term exposure to opioid agonists may lead to opioid dependence. The analgesic and addictive properties of opioid agonist drugs are mediated primarily via the mu-opioid receptor (MOR). Opioid agonists appear to alter neuronal morphology in key brain regions implicated in the development of opioid dependence. However, the precise role of the MOR in the development of these neuronal alterations remains elusive. We hypothesize that identifying and characterizing novel MOR interacting proteins (MORIPs) may help to elucidate the underlying mechanisms involved in the development of opioid dependence. RESULTS: GPR177, the mammalian ortholog of Drosophila ...


Destruction Of Α -Synuclein Based Amyloid Fibrils By A Low Temperature Plasma Jet, Erdinc Karakas, Agatha Munyanyi, Lesley Greene, Mounir Laroussi 2010 Old Dominion University

Destruction Of Α -Synuclein Based Amyloid Fibrils By A Low Temperature Plasma Jet, Erdinc Karakas, Agatha Munyanyi, Lesley Greene, Mounir Laroussi

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

Amyloid fibrils are ordered beta-sheet aggregates that are associated with a number of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer and Parkinson. At present, there is no cure for these progressive and debilitating diseases. Here we report initial studies that indicate that low temperature atmospheric pressure plasma can break amyloid fibrils into smaller units in vitro. The plasma was generated by the plasma pencil, a device capable of emitting a long, low temperature plasma plume/jet. This avenue of research may facilitate the development of a plasma-based medical treatment.


Characterization And Optimization Of Microelectrode Arrays For Glutamate Measurements In The Rat Hippocampus, Pooja Mahendra Talauliker 2010 University of Kentucky

Characterization And Optimization Of Microelectrode Arrays For Glutamate Measurements In The Rat Hippocampus, Pooja Mahendra Talauliker

University of Kentucky Doctoral Dissertations

An overarching goal of the Gerhardt laboratory is the development of an implantable neural device that allows for long-term glutamate recordings in the hippocampus. Proper L-glutamate regulation is essential for hippocampal function, while glutamate dysregulation is implicated in many neurodegenerative diseases. Direct evidence for subregional glutamate regulation is lacking in previous in vivo studies because of limitations in the spatio-temporal resolution of conventional experimental techniques. We used novel enzyme-coated microelectrode arrays (MEAs) for rapid measurements (2Hz) of extracellular glutamate in urethane-anesthetized rats. Potassium-evoked glutamate release was highest in the cornu ammonis 1 (CA1) subregion and lowest in the cornu ammonis ...


Neural Mechanisms Of Sympathetic Activation During Hyperinsulinemia And Obesity-Induced Hypertension, Megan Elyse Bardgett 2010 University of Kentucky

Neural Mechanisms Of Sympathetic Activation During Hyperinsulinemia And Obesity-Induced Hypertension, Megan Elyse Bardgett

University of Kentucky Doctoral Dissertations

Obesity afflicts more than 30% of the U.S. population and is a major risk factor for the development of hypertension, type II diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Studies in humans and animals indicate that obesity is associated with increased sympathetic outflow to the vasculature and kidneys. One mechanism postulated to underlie the increase in sympathetic nerve activity (SNA) in obesity is hyperinsulinemia. Little is known regarding the central circuitry underlying elevated SNA and arterial blood pressure (ABP) during hyperinsulinemia and obesity or if sympathoexcitatory circuits are still responsive to insulin in obesity.

Hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamps elevate SNA to the hind limb ...


Local Synaptic Network Interactions In The Dentate Gyrus Of A Cortical Contusion Model Of Posttraumatic Epilepsy, Robert F. Hunt III 2010 University of Kentucky

Local Synaptic Network Interactions In The Dentate Gyrus Of A Cortical Contusion Model Of Posttraumatic Epilepsy, Robert F. Hunt Iii

University of Kentucky Doctoral Dissertations

Posttraumatic epilepsy is a common consequence of brain trauma. However, little is known about how long-term changes in local excitatory and inhibitory synaptic networks contribute to epilepsy after closed-head brain injury. This study adapted a widely used model of experimental brain injury as a mouse model of posttraumatic epilepsy. Behavioral seizure activity and alterations in synaptic circuitry in the dentate gyrus were examined in mice after experimental cortical contusion brain injury. Spontaneous behavioral seizures were observed in 20% of mice after moderate injury and 36-40% of mice weeks after severe injury. In the dentate gyrus, most mice displayed regionally localized ...


Neurosteroids On The Epilepsy Chessboard — Keeping Seizures In Check, Michael Rogawski 2009 University of California - Davis

Neurosteroids On The Epilepsy Chessboard — Keeping Seizures In Check, Michael Rogawski

Michael A. Rogawski

No abstract provided.


Anticonvulsant And Proconvulsant Actions Of 2-Deoxy-D-Glucose, Maciej Gasior, Jessica Yankura, Adam Hartman, Amy French, Michael Rogawski 2009 University of California - Davis

Anticonvulsant And Proconvulsant Actions Of 2-Deoxy-D-Glucose, Maciej Gasior, Jessica Yankura, Adam Hartman, Amy French, Michael Rogawski

Michael A. Rogawski

Purpose: 2-Deoxy-D-glucose (2-DG), a glucose analog that accumulates in cells and interferes with carbohydrate metabolism by inhibiting glycolytic enzymes, has anticonvulsant actions. Recognizing that severe glucose deprivation can induce seizures, we sought to determine whether acute treatment with 2-DG can promote seizure susceptibility by assessing its effects on seizure threshold. For comparison, we studied 3-methyl-glucose (3-MG), which like 2-DG accumulates in cells and reduces glucose uptake, but does not inhibit glycolysis. Methods: Mice were treated with 2-DG or 3-MG and the seizure threshold determined in the 6-Hz test, the mouse electroshock seizure threshold (MEST) test, and the intravenous pentylenetetrazol (i ...


Treatment Of Early And Late Kainic-Acid Induced Status Epilepticus With The Non-Competitive Ampa Receptor Antagonist Gyki 52466, Brita Fritsch, Jeffrey Stott, J. Donofrio, Michael Rogawski 2009 University of Minnesota

Treatment Of Early And Late Kainic-Acid Induced Status Epilepticus With The Non-Competitive Ampa Receptor Antagonist Gyki 52466, Brita Fritsch, Jeffrey Stott, J. Donofrio, Michael Rogawski

Michael A. Rogawski

Purpose: Benzodiazepines such as diazepam may fail to effectively treat status epilepticus because benzodiazepine-sensitive GABA-A receptors are internalized progressively with continued seizure activity. Ionotropic glutamate receptors, including AMPA receptors, are externalized, so that AMPA receptor antagonists, which are broad-spectrum anticonvulsants, could be more effective treatments for satus epilepticus. We assessed the ability of the non-competitive AMPA receptor antagonist GYKI 52466 to protect against kainic acid-induced status epilepticus in mice. Methods: Groups of animals treated with kainic acid received GYKI 52466 (50 mg/kg followed in 15 min by 50 mg/kg) or diazepam (25 mg/kg followed in 20 min ...


Ganaxolone Suppression Of Behavioral And Electrographic Seizures In The Mouse Amygdala Kindling Model, Doodipala S. Reddy, Michael A. Rogawski 2009 University of California - Davis

Ganaxolone Suppression Of Behavioral And Electrographic Seizures In The Mouse Amygdala Kindling Model, Doodipala S. Reddy, Michael A. Rogawski

Michael A. Rogawski

Ganaxolone (3alpha-hydroxy-3alpha-methyl-5alpha-pregnan-20-one), a synthetic analog of the endogenous neurosteroid allopregnanolone and a positive allosteric modulator of GABA-A receptors, may represent a new treatment approach for epilepsy. Here we demonstrate that pretreatment with ganaxolone (1.25—20 mg/kg, s.c.) causes a dose-dependent suppression of behavioral and electrographic seizures in fully amygdala-kindled female mice, with nearly complete seizure protection at the highest dose tested. The ED50 for suppression of behavioral seizures was 6.6 mg/kg. The seizure suppression produced by ganaxolone was comparable to that of clonazepam (ED50, 0.1 mg/kg, s.c.). To the extent that amygdala ...


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