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Identification Of A Β-Arrestin-Biased Negative Allosteric Modulator For The Β2-Adrenergic Receptor, Michael Ippolito, Francesco De Pascali, Nathan Hopfinger, Konstantin E. Komolov, Daniela Laurinavichyute, Poli Adi Narayana Reddy, Leon A. Sakkal, Kyle Z. Rajkowski, Ajay P. Nayak, Justin Lee, Jordan Lee, Gaoyuan Cao, Preston S. Donover, Melvin Reichman, Stevens. An, Joseph M. Salvino, Raymond B. Penn, Roger S S. Armen, Charles P. Scott, Jeffrey L. Benovic 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Identification Of A Β-Arrestin-Biased Negative Allosteric Modulator For The Β2-Adrenergic Receptor, Michael Ippolito, Francesco De Pascali, Nathan Hopfinger, Konstantin E. Komolov, Daniela Laurinavichyute, Poli Adi Narayana Reddy, Leon A. Sakkal, Kyle Z. Rajkowski, Ajay P. Nayak, Justin Lee, Jordan Lee, Gaoyuan Cao, Preston S. Donover, Melvin Reichman, Stevens. An, Joseph M. Salvino, Raymond B. Penn, Roger S S. Armen, Charles P. Scott, Jeffrey L. Benovic

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Papers

Catecholamine-stimulated β2-adrenergic receptor (β2AR) signaling via the canonical Gs–adenylyl cyclase–cAMP–PKA pathway regulates numerous physiological functions, including the therapeutic effects of exogenous β-agonists in the treatment of airway disease. β2AR signaling is tightly regulated by GRKs and β-arrestins, which together promote β2AR desensitization and internalization as well as downstream signaling, often antithetical to the canonical pathway. Thus, the ability to bias β2AR signaling toward the Gs pathway while avoiding β-arrestin-mediated effects may provide a strategy to improve the functional consequences of β2AR activation. Since attempts to develop Gs-biased agonists and allosteric modulators for the β2AR have been largely unsuccessful, here we …


Sindrom Respons Inflamasi Sistemik, Yefta Moenadjat 2023 Departemen Klinik Ilmu Bedah Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia

Sindrom Respons Inflamasi Sistemik, Yefta Moenadjat

Department of Surgery Teaching Materials and Monographs

Materi perkuliahan memuat uraian respons inflamasi pascatrauma yang berkembang menjadi sindrom respons inflamasi sistemik, berakhir dengan kegagalan organ multipel ditinjau dari aspek biomolekuler.

Buku ini merupakan bagian pertama dari seri inflamasi yang disusun dalam bentuk digital dan dipublikasi menurut konsep lisensi Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License untuk tujuan diseminasi.


Targeting Mcl-1 By A Small Molecule Nsc260594 For Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Therapy, Shengli Dong, Margarite D. Matossian, Hassan Yousefi, Maninder Khosla, Bridgette M. Collins-Burow, Matthew E. Burow, Suresh K. Alahari 2023 TYK Medicines Inc.

Targeting Mcl-1 By A Small Molecule Nsc260594 For Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Therapy, Shengli Dong, Margarite D. Matossian, Hassan Yousefi, Maninder Khosla, Bridgette M. Collins-Burow, Matthew E. Burow, Suresh K. Alahari

School of Graduate Studies Faculty Publications

Triple-negative breast cancers (TNBCs) are aggressive forms of breast cancer and tend to grow and spread more quickly than most other types of breast cancer. TNBCs can neither be targeted by hormonal therapies nor the antibody trastuzumab that targets the HER2 protein. There are urgent unmet medical needs to develop targeted drugs for TNBCs. We identified a small molecule NSC260594 from the NCI diversity set IV compound library. NSC260594 exhibited dramatic cytotoxicity in multiple TNBCs in a dose-and time-dependent manner. NSC260594 inhibited the Myeloid cell leukemia-1 (Mcl-1) expression through downregulation of Wnt signaling proteins. Consistent with this, NSC260594 treatment increased …


Increased Sirt3 Combined With Parp Inhibition Rescues Motor Function Of Sbma Mice, David R. Garcia Castro, Joseph R. Mazuk, Erin M. Heine, Daniel Simpson, R. Seth Pinches, Caroline Lozzi, Kathryn Hoffman, Phillip Morrin, Dylan Mathis, Maria V. Lebedev, Elyse Nissley, Kang Hoo Han, Tyler Farmer, Diane E. Merry, Qiang Tong, Maria Pennuto, Heather L. Montie 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Increased Sirt3 Combined With Parp Inhibition Rescues Motor Function Of Sbma Mice, David R. Garcia Castro, Joseph R. Mazuk, Erin M. Heine, Daniel Simpson, R. Seth Pinches, Caroline Lozzi, Kathryn Hoffman, Phillip Morrin, Dylan Mathis, Maria V. Lebedev, Elyse Nissley, Kang Hoo Han, Tyler Farmer, Diane E. Merry, Qiang Tong, Maria Pennuto, Heather L. Montie

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Papers

Spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA) is a neuromuscular disease with substantial mitochondrial and metabolic dysfunctions. SBMA is caused by polyglutamine (polyQ) expansion in the androgen receptor (AR). Activating or increasing the NAD+-dependent deacetylase, SIRT3, reduced oxidative stress and death of cells modeling SBMA. However, increasing diminished SIRT3 in AR100Q mice failed to reduce acetylation of the SIRT3 target/antioxidant, SOD2, and had no effect on increased total acetylated peptides in quadriceps. Yet, overexpressing SIRT3 resulted in a trend of motor recovery, and corrected TCA cycle activity by decreasing acetylation of SIRT3 target proteins. We sought to boost blunted SIRT3 activity …


Advantage Of Precision Metagenomics For Urinary Tract Infection Diagnostics, Sadia Almas, Rob E. Carpenter, Chase Rowan, Vaibhav Tamrakar, Rahul Sharma 2023 Advanta Genetics

Advantage Of Precision Metagenomics For Urinary Tract Infection Diagnostics, Sadia Almas, Rob E. Carpenter, Chase Rowan, Vaibhav Tamrakar, Rahul Sharma

Human Resource Development Faculty Publications and Presentations

Background: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) remain a diagnostic challenge and often promote antibiotic overuse. Despite urine culture being the gold standard for UTI diagnosis, some uropathogens may lead to false-negative or inconclusive results. Although PCR testing is fast and highly sensitive, its diagnostic yield is limited to targeted microorganisms. Metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) is a hypothesis-free approach with potential of deciphering the urobiome. However, clinically relevant information is often buried in the enormous amount of sequencing data.

Methods: Precision metagenomics (PM) is a hybridization capture-based method with potential of enhanced discovery power and better diagnostic yield without diluting clinically relevant …


The Impact Of Essential Trace Elements On Ovarian Response And Reproductive Outcomes Following Single Euploid Embryo Transfer, Roberto Gonzalez-Martin, Andrea Palomar, Alicia Quiñonero, Nuria Pellicer, Rocio Fernandez-Saavedra, Estefania Conde-Vilda, Alberto J Quejido, Christine Whitehead, Richard T. Scott, Francisco Dominguez 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

The Impact Of Essential Trace Elements On Ovarian Response And Reproductive Outcomes Following Single Euploid Embryo Transfer, Roberto Gonzalez-Martin, Andrea Palomar, Alicia Quiñonero, Nuria Pellicer, Rocio Fernandez-Saavedra, Estefania Conde-Vilda, Alberto J Quejido, Christine Whitehead, Richard T. Scott, Francisco Dominguez

Department of Medicine Faculty Papers

Essential trace elements are required in extremely small amounts and obtained through diet. This research focuses on detecting major trace elements in different biofluids of sixty women undergoing ICSI with PGT-A and SET/FET at IVI-RMA, New Jersey, and assessing their impact on their IVF outcomes. Urine, plasma, and follicular fluid samples were collected on the vaginal oocyte retrieval day to measure the concentrations of eight essential trace elements (copper, zinc, molybdenum, lithium, selenium, manganese, chromium, and iron) using ICP-MS. After analysis, ovarian response and preimplantation outcomes had significant positive associations with both copper alone and the copper/zinc ratio in the …


Peran Penting Inflamasom Nlrp3 Pada Aterosklerosis, Dewi Sukmawati 2023 Department of Histology Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

Peran Penting Inflamasom Nlrp3 Pada Aterosklerosis, Dewi Sukmawati

Jurnal Penyakit Dalam Indonesia

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) still contribute as the main cause of mortality and premature mortality worldwide. In Indonesia, CVDs contribute to 35% of the main cause of death in non-communicable diseases followed by diabetes at 6%. The ischemic heart disease and acute ischemic stroke is the main cause of death in Indonesia due to atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is a multifactorial cause, with chronic inflammation which causes myocardial infarction and acute ischemic stroke. Research demonstrated that one of the underlying mechanisms of atherosclerosis is inflammation. The current research suggested that inflammation could activate a complex of cytosol proteins, namely nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor …


Targeting Brd4 In The Treatment Of Pleural Fibrosis, Joy Adewumi 2023 University of Texas at Tyler

Targeting Brd4 In The Treatment Of Pleural Fibrosis, Joy Adewumi

Biotechnology Theses

Pleural fibrosis (PF) is a respiratory disorder that refers to the thickening and scarring of the pleura. Currently, there is a lack of pharmaceutic treatment options for PF. Pleural mesothelial to mesenchymal transition (MesoMT) is a critical process that contributes to the development of PF. Bromodomain-containing protein 4 (BRD4), a transcriptional and epigenetic regulator, has recently been implicated in a wide range of lung injuries. However, whether BRD4 is involved in regulating MesoMT and the development of PF remains unclear and was explored in this study. Primary human pleural mesothelial cells (HPMCs) were used to test the role of BRD4 …


Bone Growth Induction In Mucopolysaccharidosis Iva Mouse, Estera Rintz, Angélica María Herreño-Pachón, Betul Celik, Fnu Nidhi, Shaukat Khan, Eliana Benincore-Flórez, Shunji Tomatsu 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Bone Growth Induction In Mucopolysaccharidosis Iva Mouse, Estera Rintz, Angélica María Herreño-Pachón, Betul Celik, Fnu Nidhi, Shaukat Khan, Eliana Benincore-Flórez, Shunji Tomatsu

Department of Pediatrics Faculty Papers

Mucopolysaccharidosis IVA (MPS IVA; Morquio A syndrome) is caused by a deficiency of the N-acetylgalactosamine-6-sulfate-sulfatase (GALNS) enzyme, leading to the accumulation of glycosaminoglycans (GAG), keratan sulfate (KS) and chondroitin-6-sulfate (C6S), mainly in cartilage and bone. This lysosomal storage disorder (LSD) is characterized by severe systemic skeletal dysplasia. To this date, none of the treatment options for the MPS IVA patients correct bone pathology. Enzyme replacement therapy with elosulfase alpha provides a limited impact on bone growth and skeletal lesions in MPS IVA patients. To improve bone pathology, we propose a novel gene therapy with a small peptide as a growth-promoting …


Studies On The Leukocyte-Associated Ig-Like Inhibitory Receptor-1 Signaling Pathway In T Lymphocytes, Chidi Zacheaus 2023 University of Tennessee Health Science Center

Studies On The Leukocyte-Associated Ig-Like Inhibitory Receptor-1 Signaling Pathway In T Lymphocytes, Chidi Zacheaus

Theses and Dissertations (ETD)

Inflammation is a natural process in which the immune system concertedly responds to pathogens and abnormal cell growth to protect the host. For an efficient/effective immune response that circumvents tissue atrophy, a delicate balance between stimulatory and inhibitory mechanisms is essential for the proper functioning of the immune system. Immuno-receptor Tyrosine-based Inhibitory Motif (ITIM)-bearing receptors in immune cells, including T lymphocytes, play a major role in preventing autoimmune responses. Leukocyte-associated Ig-like Inhibitory Receptor 1 (LAIR-1) is one of ITIM-bearing receptors. The mechanism by which LAIR-1 attenuates T-cell response has yet to be completely understood. In this study, I investigated a …


Functional Impact Of Ethyl-Β-D-Glucuronide On Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Stimulated Lung Macrophages, Charles Inaku 2023 University of Texas at Tyler

Functional Impact Of Ethyl-Β-D-Glucuronide On Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Stimulated Lung Macrophages, Charles Inaku

Biotechnology Theses

Chronic alcohol abuse has been shown to alter immune defense mechanisms in humans and mice which makes the host susceptible to infections, including Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) infection. However, limited information is available on the mechanisms involved in alcohol-mediated host immune system dysfunction.

In this study, we determined the effects of ethyl-β-d-glucuronide (EtG), an alcohol-derived metabolite, on immune response of mice lung macrophages. We measured cytokine and chemokine production by gamma-irradiated mtb (γ-mtb) stimulated mice lung macrophages in the presence or absence of EtG. We also determined the effect of EtG on the metabolic state of γ-mtb stimulated mice lung macrophages. …


Starvation Sensing By Mycobacterial Rela/Spot Homologue Through Constitutive Surveillance Of Translation, Yunlong Li, Soneya Majumdar, Ryan Treen, Manjuli R. Sharma, Jamie Corro, Howard B. Gamper, Swati R. Manjari, Jerome Prusa, Nilesh K. Banavali, Christina L. Stallings, Ya-Ming Hou, Rajendra K. Agrawal, Anil K. Ojha 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Starvation Sensing By Mycobacterial Rela/Spot Homologue Through Constitutive Surveillance Of Translation, Yunlong Li, Soneya Majumdar, Ryan Treen, Manjuli R. Sharma, Jamie Corro, Howard B. Gamper, Swati R. Manjari, Jerome Prusa, Nilesh K. Banavali, Christina L. Stallings, Ya-Ming Hou, Rajendra K. Agrawal, Anil K. Ojha

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Papers

The stringent response, which leads to persistence of nutrient-starved mycobacteria, is induced by activation of the RelA/SpoT homolog (Rsh) upon entry of a deacylated-tRNA in a translating ribosome. However, the mechanism by which Rsh identifies such ribosomes in vivo remains unclear. Here, we show that conditions inducing ribosome hibernation result in loss of intracellular Rsh in a Clp protease-dependent manner. This loss is also observed in nonstarved cells using mutations in Rsh that block its interaction with the ribosome, indicating that Rsh association with the ribosome is important for Rsh stability. The cryo-EM structure of the Rsh-bound 70S ribosome in …


Immunometabolic Reprogramming, Another Cancer Hallmark, Vijay Kumar, John H. Stewart 2023 LSUHSC School of Medicine

Immunometabolic Reprogramming, Another Cancer Hallmark, Vijay Kumar, John H. Stewart

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Molecular carcinogenesis is a multistep process that involves acquired abnormalities in key biological processes. The complexity of cancer pathogenesis is best illustrated in the six hallmarks of the cancer: (1) the development of self-sufficient growth signals, (2) the emergence of clones that are resistant to apoptosis, (3) resistance to the antigrowth signals, (4) neo-angiogenesis, (5) the invasion of normal tissue or spread to the distant organs, and (6) limitless replicative potential. It also appears that non-resolving inflammation leads to the dysregulation of immune cell metabolism and subsequent cancer progression. The present article delineates immunometabolic reprogramming as a critical hallmark of …


Changes In Nascent Chromatin Structure Regulate Activation Of The Pro-Fibrotic Transcriptome And Myofibroblast Emergence In Organ Fibrosis, Morgan D. Basta, Svetlana Petruk, Ross Summer, Joel Rosenbloom, Peter J. Wermuth, Edward J. Macarak, Alex V. Levin, Alexander Mazo, Janice L. Walker 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Changes In Nascent Chromatin Structure Regulate Activation Of The Pro-Fibrotic Transcriptome And Myofibroblast Emergence In Organ Fibrosis, Morgan D. Basta, Svetlana Petruk, Ross Summer, Joel Rosenbloom, Peter J. Wermuth, Edward J. Macarak, Alex V. Levin, Alexander Mazo, Janice L. Walker

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Papers

Cell reprogramming to a myofibroblast responsible for the pathological accumulation of extracellular matrix is fundamental to the onset of fibrosis. Here, we explored how condensed chromatin structure marked by H3K72me3 becomes modified to allow for activation of repressed genes to drive emergence of myofibroblasts. In the early stages of myofibroblast precursor cell differentiation, we discovered that H3K27me3 demethylase enzymes UTX/KDM6B creates a delay in the accumulation of H3K27me3 on nascent DNA revealing a period of decondensed chromatin structure. This period of decondensed nascent chromatin structure allows for binding of pro-fibrotic transcription factor, Myocardin-related transcription factor A (MRTF-A) to nascent DNA. …


The Involvement Of Ubiquitin In Med13 Cyclin C Degradation Following Cellular Stress, Ayesha Gurnani, Brittany Friedson, Katrina Cooper 2023 Rowan University

The Involvement Of Ubiquitin In Med13 Cyclin C Degradation Following Cellular Stress, Ayesha Gurnani, Brittany Friedson, Katrina Cooper

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

The Cdk8 Kinase Module is a dissociable regulator of cellular stress response genes, with degradation of its components Med13 and cyclin C eventually determining cell fate decisions such as engaging cell survival or cell death mechanisms. We aimed to explore the roles of ubiquitin in degradation of the Cdk8 Kinase Module following nitrogen starvation, with respect to the potential involvement of deubiquitinating enzyme Doa4, lysine linkage at position K63, and E2 ubiquitin conjugating enzymes Ubc4 and Ubc5. We utilized Western blot analysis to observe nitrogen starvation-induced degradation of Med13-HA in wild-type, doa4 mutant, and K63R yeast strains; degradation of cyclin …


Identifying Co-Factors That Drive Tra-1 Activator Function, Jibran Imtiaz, Youngquan Shen, Ronald Ellis 2023 Rowan University

Identifying Co-Factors That Drive Tra-1 Activator Function, Jibran Imtiaz, Youngquan Shen, Ronald Ellis

Rowan-Virtua Research Day

Gli proteins are involved in cell fate determination, proliferation, and patterning in many species and are major effectors of Hedgehog (Hh) signaling. There are three Gli proteins in humans, and mutations or errors in their regulation lead to a variety of developmental disorders or cancer. However, the mechanisms by which they interact with co-factors are poorly understood. We are analyzing co-factors of Gli proteins using TRA-1 in Caenorhabditis nematodes. The TRA-1 zinc fingers are structurally like those of other Gli proteins, and TRA-1 can be cleaved like other Gli proteins to form a repressor. However, its function has changed during …


Acute Kidney Injury In The Elderly, Zachary Palanza 2023 University of Connecticut

Acute Kidney Injury In The Elderly, Zachary Palanza

Honors Scholar Theses

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a significant clinical concern in the elderly, marked by heightened incidence rates, increased morbidity and mortality, and impaired kidney repair mechanisms. AKI often has severe consequences, including extended hospital stays, heightened rates of chronic kidney disease, and elevated healthcare costs. The vulnerability of elderly individuals to AKI is amplified by age-related structural and functional changes in the kidneys, reduced physiological reserve, and increased exposure to nephrotoxic agents. The impaired kidney repair mechanisms observed in the elderly pose further complexities in AKI management. With age, the regenerative capacity of the kidneys diminishes, resulting in incomplete recovery …


Immunomodulatory Effects Of Resolvin D2 In A Model Of Infection, Prem Yugandhar Kadiyam Sundarasivarao 2023 Rowan University

Immunomodulatory Effects Of Resolvin D2 In A Model Of Infection, Prem Yugandhar Kadiyam Sundarasivarao

Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Theses and Dissertations

Dysregulated hyperinflammatory host immune response to underlying bacterial infections is a characteristic of sepsis. In sepsis, bacteria often trigger abnormal hyperinflammatory responses which can cause multiple organ failure and if sustained can lead to an immunosuppressive phase where the host is susceptible to secondary infections caused by opportunistic bacteria like Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa). In our studies, we used a 2-hit model of cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) followed by P. aeruginosa secondary lung infection to investigate cellular and molecular mechanisms in the beneficial action of resolvin D2 (RvD2). Resolvins of the D-series are a group of fatty acids known …


Adipocytes And Innate Immunity In Systemic Sclerosis, Nancy Wareing 2023 The Texas Medical Center Library

Adipocytes And Innate Immunity In Systemic Sclerosis, Nancy Wareing

Dissertations & Theses (Open Access)

Systemic sclerosis (SSc; scleroderma) is a chronic systemic autoimmune and connective tissue disorder characterized by vasculopathy, autoimmune phenomena, and widespread fibrosis. Skin thickening and tightening is the cardinal feature of SSc and is responsible, in part, for the considerable morbidity of this disease. There are currently no targeted treatments for skin manifestations in SSc, primarily due to our fragmented understanding of its pathophysiologic mechanisms. In PART I, we report a previously unappreciated link between aberrant expression of the developmental gene sine oculis homeobox homolog 1 (SIX1) in skin-associated adipocytes in SSc skin and the early loss of dermal white adipose …


In Vivo Multi-Modal Imaging Approaches For Cancer, Stem And Immune Cells, Nourhan Shalaby 2023 Western University

In Vivo Multi-Modal Imaging Approaches For Cancer, Stem And Immune Cells, Nourhan Shalaby

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Introduction: Molecular imaging allows for non-invasive longitudinal visualization of cellular functions in vivo. This area of research has provided better understanding of fundamental molecular and biochemical processes, enabled optimization of pre-clinical and clinical assessments for new treatments, and allowed for more accurate and early detection of many pathologies. Extensive research for novel imaging techniques and emerging technologies have rapidly advanced the field. However, an ideal single imaging modality or approach does not exist. Alternatively, multi-modal imaging approaches are commonly applied to overcome limitations of individual technologies. In this thesis, we design, develop, validate, and image various cell types using …


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