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Intratracheal Instillation Of Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles Induces Hepatic Toxicity In Male Sprague-Dawley Rats, Siva Krishna Nalabotu, Madhukar Babu Kolli, William E. Triest, Jane Y. Ma, Nandini DPK Manne, Anjaiah Katta, Hari S. Addagarla, Kevin M. Rice, Eric R. Blough 2011 Marshall University

Intratracheal Instillation Of Cerium Oxide Nanoparticles Induces Hepatic Toxicity In Male Sprague-Dawley Rats, Siva Krishna Nalabotu, Madhukar Babu Kolli, William E. Triest, Jane Y. Ma, Nandini Dpk Manne, Anjaiah Katta, Hari S. Addagarla, Kevin M. Rice, Eric R. Blough

MIIR Faculty Research

Background: Cerium oxide (CeO2) nanoparticles have been posited to have both beneficial and toxic effects on biological systems. Herein, we examine if a single intratracheal instillation of CeO2 nanoparticles is associated with systemic toxicity in male Sprague-Dawley rats.


Methods and results: Compared with control animals, CeO2 nanoparticle exposure was associated with increased liver ceria levels, elevations in serum alanine transaminase levels, reduced albumin levels, a diminished sodium-potassium ratio, and decreased serum triglyceride levels (P < 0.05). Consistent with these data, rats exposed to CeO2nanoparticles also exhibited reductions in liver weight (P < 0.05) and dose-dependent hydropic degeneration, hepatocyte enlargement, sinusoidal dilatation, and accumulation of granular material. No histopathological alterations were observed in the kidney, spleen, and heart. Analysis of serum biomarkers suggested an elevation of acute phase reactants and markers of hepatocyte injury in the rats exposed to CeO2 nanoparticles.


Conclusion: Taken together, these data suggest that intratracheal instillation of CeO2 ...


Prevalence And Molecular Study Of G6pd Deficiency In Malaysian Orang Asli, Farahnaz Amini 2011 SelectedWorks

Prevalence And Molecular Study Of G6pd Deficiency In Malaysian Orang Asli, Farahnaz Amini

Farahnaz Amini

This study aims to define the prevalence and the molecular basis of G6PD deficiency in the Negrito tribe of the Malaysian Orang Asli. Four hundred and eighty seven consenting Negrito volunteers were screened for G6PD deficiency through the use of a fluorescent spot test. DNA from deficient individuals underwent PCR-RFLP analysis using thirteen recognized G6PD mutations. In the instances when the mutation could not be identified by PCR-RFLP, the entire coding region of the G6PD gene was subjected to DNA sequencing. In total, 9% (44/486) of the sample were found to be G6PD-deficient. However, only 25 samples were subjected ...


Pitx2 Is Overexpressed In Follicular Cell-Derived Thyroid Cancer And Promotes Thyroid Cancer Proliferation By Regulating Cell Cycle, Yue Huang 2011 Marshall University

Pitx2 Is Overexpressed In Follicular Cell-Derived Thyroid Cancer And Promotes Thyroid Cancer Proliferation By Regulating Cell Cycle, Yue Huang

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

Thyroid cancer is the most prevailing malignancy of the endocrine system. Its incidence is rapidly rising at the second fastest rate of all malignancies in the United States, making it a significant health problem. Although the majority of thyroid cancer is slowly-growing and well-differentiated, available treatment options are very limited, and most of them require complete removal of the thyroid gland and surrounding tissues. Patients who have undergone thyroid removal have to take life-long hormone replacement therapy, which is very inconvenient and costly. Therefore, there is an urgent need to develop new treatments for this disease. As a prerequisite for ...


Efficient Replication Of Over 180 Genetic Associations With Self-Reported Medical Data, Joyce Y. Tung, Chuong B. Do, David A. Hinds, Amy K. Kiefer, J. Michael Macpherson, Arnab B. Chowdry, Uta Francke, Brian Naughton, Joanna Mountain, Anne Wojcicki, Nicholas Eriksson 2011 23andMe

Efficient Replication Of Over 180 Genetic Associations With Self-Reported Medical Data, Joyce Y. Tung, Chuong B. Do, David A. Hinds, Amy K. Kiefer, J. Michael Macpherson, Arnab B. Chowdry, Uta Francke, Brian Naughton, Joanna Mountain, Anne Wojcicki, Nicholas Eriksson

Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles and Research

While the cost and speed of generating genomic data have come down dramatically in recent years, the slow pace of collecting medical data for large cohorts continues to hamper genetic research. Here we evaluate a novel online framework for obtaining large amounts of medical information from a recontactable cohort by assessing our ability to replicate genetic associations using these data. Using web-based questionnaires, we gathered self-reported data on 50 medical phenotypes from a generally unselected cohort of over 20,000 genotyped individuals. Of a list of genetic associations curated by NHGRI, we successfully replicated about 75% of the associations that ...


Hydrolysis Of Amelogenin By Matrix Metalloprotease-20 Accelerates Mineralization In Vitro, Vuk Uskoković, Feroz Khan, Haichuan Liu, Halina Ewa Witkowska, Li Zhu, Wu Li, Stefan Habelitz 2011 Chapman University

Hydrolysis Of Amelogenin By Matrix Metalloprotease-20 Accelerates Mineralization In Vitro, Vuk Uskoković, Feroz Khan, Haichuan Liu, Halina Ewa Witkowska, Li Zhu, Wu Li, Stefan Habelitz

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

In the following respects, tooth enamel is a unique tissue in the mammalian body: (a) it is the most mineralized and hardest tissue in it comprising up to 95 wt% of apatite; (b) its microstructure is dominated by parallel rods composed of bundles of 40 – 60 nm wide apatite crystals with aspect ratios reaching up to 1:10,000 and (c) not only does the protein matrix that gives rise to enamel guides the crystal growth, but it also conducts its own degradation and removal in parallel. Hence, when mimicking the process of amelogenesis in vitro, crystal growth has to ...


Biomimetic Precipitation Of Uniaxially Grown Calcium Phosphate Crystals From Full-Length Human Amelogenin Sols, Vuk Uskoković, Wu Li, Stefan Habelitz 2011 Chapman University

Biomimetic Precipitation Of Uniaxially Grown Calcium Phosphate Crystals From Full-Length Human Amelogenin Sols, Vuk Uskoković, Wu Li, Stefan Habelitz

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Human dental enamel forms over a period of 2 – 4 years by substituting the enamel matrix, a protein gel mostly composed of a single protein, amelogenin with fibrous apatite nanocrystals. Self-assembly of a dense amelogenin matrix is presumed to direct the growth of apatite fibers and their organization into bundles that eventually comprise the mature enamel, the hardest tissue in the mammalian body. This work aims to establish the physicochemical and biochemical conditions for the synthesis of fibrous apatite crystals under the control of a recombinant fulllength human amelogenin matrix in combination with a programmable titration system. The growth of ...


Altered Self-Assembly And Apatite Binding Of Amelogenin Induced By N-Terminal Proline Mutation, Li Zhu, Vuk Uskoković, Thuan Le, Pamela DenBesten, Yulei Huang, Stefan Habelitz, Wu Li 2011 University of California - San Francisco

Altered Self-Assembly And Apatite Binding Of Amelogenin Induced By N-Terminal Proline Mutation, Li Zhu, Vuk Uskoković, Thuan Le, Pamela Denbesten, Yulei Huang, Stefan Habelitz, Wu Li

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Objective—A single Pro-70 to Thr (p.P70T) mutation of amelogenin is known to result in hypomineralized amelogenesis imperfecta (AI). This study aims to test the hypothesis that the given mutation affects the self-assembly of amelogenin molecules and impairs their ability to conduct the growth of apatite crystals.

Design—Recombinant human full-length wild-type (rh174) and p.P70T mutated amelogenins were analyzed using dynamic light scattering (DLS), protein quantification assay and atomic force microscopy (AFM) before and after the binding of amelogenins to hydroxyapatite crystals. The crystal growth modulated by both amelogenins in a dynamic titration system was observed using AFM ...


Teratology Primer-2nd Edition (7/9/2010), Sura Alwan, Steven B. Bleyl, Robert L. Brent, Christina D. Chambers, George P. Daston, Elaine M. Faustman, Richard H. Finnell, F. Clarke Fraser, Jan M. Freidman, Adriane Fugh-Berman, John M. Graham, Jr., Barbara F. Hales, Deborah K. Hansen, Lewis B. Holmes, Ronald D. Hood, Robert J. Kavlock, Thomas B. Knudsen, Joseph Lary, Donald R. Mattison, Richard K. Miller, James L. Mills, Janine E. Polifka, Sonja A. Rasmussen, Bernard Robaire, John M. Rogers, Gary C. Schoenwolf, Anthony R. Scialli, Gary M. Shaw, Amar V. Singh, William Slikker, Jr., Ann P. Streissguth, Melissa S. Tassinari, Janet Uriu-Adams, Charles V. Vorhees, Elora J. Weringer 2010 University of British Columbia

Teratology Primer-2nd Edition (7/9/2010), Sura Alwan, Steven B. Bleyl, Robert L. Brent, Christina D. Chambers, George P. Daston, Elaine M. Faustman, Richard H. Finnell, F. Clarke Fraser, Jan M. Freidman, Adriane Fugh-Berman, John M. Graham, Jr., Barbara F. Hales, Deborah K. Hansen, Lewis B. Holmes, Ronald D. Hood, Robert J. Kavlock, Thomas B. Knudsen, Joseph Lary, Donald R. Mattison, Richard K. Miller, James L. Mills, Janine E. Polifka, Sonja A. Rasmussen, Bernard Robaire, John M. Rogers, Gary C. Schoenwolf, Anthony R. Scialli, Gary M. Shaw, Amar V. Singh, William Slikker, Jr., Ann P. Streissguth, Melissa S. Tassinari, Janet Uriu-Adams, Charles V. Vorhees, Elora J. Weringer

Department of Pediatrics Faculty Papers

Foreword:

What is Teratology?

“What a piece of work is an embryo!” as Hamlet might have said. “In form and moving how express and admirable! In complexity how infinite!” It starts as a single cell, which by repeated divisions gives rise to many genetically identical cells. These cells receive signals from their surroundings and from one another as to where they are in this ball of cells —front or back, right or left, headwards or tailwards, and what they are destined to become. Each cell commits itself to being one of many types; the cells migrate, combine into tissues, or ...


Combination Of 16s Rrna Variable Regions Provides A Detailed Analysis Of Bacterial Community Dynamics In The Lungs Of Cystic Fibrosis Patients, Melissa S. Doud, Michael Light, Gisela Gonzalez, Giri Narasimhan, Kalai Mathee 2010 Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University

Combination Of 16s Rrna Variable Regions Provides A Detailed Analysis Of Bacterial Community Dynamics In The Lungs Of Cystic Fibrosis Patients, Melissa S. Doud, Michael Light, Gisela Gonzalez, Giri Narasimhan, Kalai Mathee

Department of Biological Sciences

Chronic bronchopulmonary bacterial infections remain the most common cause of morbidity and mortality among patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Recent community sequencing work has now shown that the bacterial community in the CF lung is polymicrobial. Identifying bacteria in the CF lung through sequencing can be costly and is not practical for many laboratories. Molecular techniques such as terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism or amplicon length heterogeneity-polymerase chain reaction (LH-PCR) can provide many laboratories with the ability to study CF bacterial communities without costly sequencing. The aim of this study was to determine if the use of LH-PCR with multiple ...


Prospects And Pits On The Path Of Biomimetics: The Case Of Tooth Enamel, Vuk Uskoković 2010 Chapman University

Prospects And Pits On The Path Of Biomimetics: The Case Of Tooth Enamel, Vuk Uskoković

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

This review presents a discourse on challenges in understanding and imitating the process of amelogenesis in vitro on the molecular scale. In light of the analysis of imitation of the growth of dental enamel, it also impends on the prospects and potential drawbacks of the biomimetic approach in general. As the formation of enamel proceeds with the protein matrix guiding the crystal growth, while at the same time conducting its own degradation and removal, it is argued that three aspects of amelogenesis need to be induced in parallel: a) crystal growth; b) protein assembly; c) proteolytic degradation. A particular emphasis ...


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