Transforming Health Professions' Education Through In-Country Collaboration: Examining The Consortia Between African Medical Schools Catalyzed By The Medical Education Partnership Initiative, 2015 George Washington University
Transforming Health Professions' Education Through In-Country Collaboration: Examining The Consortia Between African Medical Schools Catalyzed By The Medical Education Partnership Initiative, Zohray Talib, Elsie Kiguli-Malwadde, Hannah Wohltjen, Millard Derbew, Yakub Mulla, David Olaleye, Nelson Sewankambo
Medicine Faculty Publications
Background African medical schools have historically turned to northern partners for technical assistance and resources to strengthen their education and research programmes. In 2010, this paradigm shifted when the United States Government brought forward unprecedented resources to support African medical schools. The grant, entitled the Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI) triggered a number of south-south collaborations between medical schools in Africa. This paper examines the goals of these partnerships and their impact on medical education and health workforce planning.
Methods Semistructured interviews were conducted with the Principal Investigators of the first four MEPI programmes that formed an in-country consortium. These ...
Do You Understand What I Mean? How Cognitive Interviewing Can Strengthen Valid, Reliable Study Instruments And Dissemination Products, 2015 George Washington University
Do You Understand What I Mean? How Cognitive Interviewing Can Strengthen Valid, Reliable Study Instruments And Dissemination Products, Anne Hofmeyer, Brenda H. Sheingold, Ruth Taylor
Nursing Faculty Publications
It is now well accepted that working in research teams that span universities, jurisdictions and countries can be rewarding and economically prudent. To this end, investigators collaborate in the pursuit of knowledge to address human and societal problems and translate results into local and global contexts. This implies that investigators need to develop study instruments that are fit for purpose and strategically manage issues arising from geographical, linguistic and cultural diversity. A proven method is cognitive interviewing to pre-test the study materials to ensure clarity and relevance in the study population. This paper describes the steps taken to increase the ...
The Effect Of A “Micronegotiation” Technique On Team Interactions, 2015 Marian University - Indianapolis
The Effect Of A “Micronegotiation” Technique On Team Interactions, Jeffery Kaufman Ph.D.
Faculty Publications and Research
Conflict can have detrimental effects on team interaction, performance, and member satisfaction, so research on tools and techniques aimed at reducing or resolving conflict is crucial. This study trained the leaders of teams made up of health profession students on a micronegotiation technique (Rogers & Lingard, 2006) to measure its effect on levels of task conflict, relationship conflict, team performance, and team member satisfaction. The research was conducted at a mid-size, Midwestern university and included 148 students from Radiology, Physiology, and Microbiology courses divided into 47 teams. No statistically significant differences were identified for any of the dependent variables between the ...
Attitudes Towards An Evidence-Based Clinical Decision Support Tool To Reduce Exposure To Ionizing Radiation, Raymond Zakhari
Faculty Publications and Presentations
Patients who suffer minor brain injuries experience unnecessary ionizing radiation in the form of a non-contrast head CT scan despite the dearth of evidence supporting standard CT scans for all brain injuries. Exposure to ionizing radiation increases the incidence of certain types of cancer. This evidence-based practice change project assesses the attitude of clinicians towards evidence-based clinical decision support tools, specifically the Canadian CT head rule. The use of highly sensitive clinical decision support tools is supported in the literature to help healthcare providers mitigate the risk associated with unnecessary use of CT scan imaging studies. The project was conducted ...
Patient Centered Medical Home: Creating A Blueprint For Quality Healthcare Through Illustrative Simulation, 2015 George Washington University
Patient Centered Medical Home: Creating A Blueprint For Quality Healthcare Through Illustrative Simulation, Brenda Helen Sheingold, Deborah W. Chapa, Esther Emard
Nursing Faculty Publications
The advent of healthcare reform in the U.S. presents an unprecedented challenge to academic institutions that are striving to prepare a workforce to interact with individuals needing care in a variety of new practice settings. Patient-centered care is a core objective of these evolving settings which enhance access to a variety professionals and services in one location. This study was conducted over a period of three years and describes how illustrative simulation can be employed as a learning intervention to prepare graduate students for the expanded scope of practice necessary to function in the Patient Centered Medical Home healthcare ...
Implications Of Epigenetic Variability Within A Cell Population For "Cell Type" Classification, 2015 Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine
Implications Of Epigenetic Variability Within A Cell Population For "Cell Type" Classification, I. Tabansky, J. N.H. Stern, D. W. Pfaff
Here, we propose a new approach to defining nerve "cell types" in reaction to recent advances in single cell analysis. Among cells previously thought to be equivalent, considerable differences in global gene expression and biased tendencies among differing developmental fates have been demonstrated within multiple lineages. The model of classifying cells into distinct types thus has to be revised to account for this intrinsic variability. A "cell type" could be a group of cells that possess similar, but not necessarily identical properties, variable within a spectrum of epigenetic adjustments that permit its developmental path toward a specific function to be ...
Neutralizing Antibodies Against West Nile Virus Identified Directly From Human B Cells By Single-Cell Analysis And Next Generation Sequencing, 2015 Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine
Neutralizing Antibodies Against West Nile Virus Identified Directly From Human B Cells By Single-Cell Analysis And Next Generation Sequencing, K. Tsioris, N. T. Gupta, A. O. Ogunniyi, R. M. Zimnisky, F. Qian, Y. Yao, X. Wang, J. N. Stern, R. Chari, J. C. Love, +8 Additional Authors
West Nile virus (WNV) infection is an emerging mosquito-borne disease that can lead to severe neurological illness and currently has no available treatment or vaccine. Using microengraving, an integrated single-cell analysis method, we analyzed a cohort of subjects infected with WNV - recently infected and post-convalescent subjects - and efficiently identified four novel WNV neutralizing antibodies. We also assessed the humoral response to WNV on a single-cell and repertoire level by integrating next generation sequencing (NGS) into our analysis. The results from single-cell analysis indicate persistence of WNV-specific memory B cells and antibody-secreting cells in post-convalescent subjects. These cells exhibited class-switched antibody ...
Availability And Perceived Value Of Bachelor Of Science Programs In Pharmaceutical Marketing And Management In The United States, Omar F. Attarabeen, Fadi M. Alkhateeb
Pharmacy Practice & Administration
Several academic institutions across the United States offer Bachelor of Science degree programs in Pharmaceutical Marketing and/or Management. In general, these programs are designed to provide students with stronger foundations and a broader understanding of the business side of pharmacy. The purpose of this study was to explore the availability of the Bachelor of Science programs in pharmaceutical marketing and management in the United States. Internet search was conducted in order to collect information about the programs of interest. Results showed that a total of 8 schools and colleges offer the Bachelor of Science degree programs. The total number ...
How To Be A Super Model: Using Role Modeling To Become An Exemplary Educator, 2014 George Washington University
How To Be A Super Model: Using Role Modeling To Become An Exemplary Educator, Priti Bhansali, Geeta Singhal, Helen Fromme, Melissa Held
Over the past several years, published studies have described the qualities and skills of exemplary medical educators. Despite its inclusion in these lists, role modeling is a skill that is not often developed as a skill for use as an educational method. The purpose of this workshop is to assist participants in better understanding the characteristics of effective role modeling and create a paradigm for how to consciously incorporate role modeling into the daily education of students, residents, and colleagues in varied domains, including teaching, professionalism, communication, and patient care.
In this workshop, participants are introduced to the concept of ...
Acquisition Of Medical Immunology Knowledge: A Preliminary Study Of The Knowledge Structures Of Medical Students, Charles A. Gullo Phd
Biochemistry and Microbiology
Medical students from both Duke-NUS and NUS participated in a study that attempted to assess their knowledge structure in the medical immunology domain. Students had to perform a sorting task with a list of concepts derived from immunology experts. We collected demographic information as well as sorting data and the diversity of the sorts are presented in this article.
Differential Diagnosis: Approaches And Pitfalls - A Pediatric Case-Based Session For 3rd Year Medical Students, Zev Waldman, Mary Ottolini
This ninety minute session seeks to provide a systematic framework for medical students relatively new to the differential diagnosis process. Via a combined lecture/case-based approach, the session presents basic clinical reasoning concepts and specific heuristics to guide the differential process followed by an opportunity to apply the tools to simulated pediatric cases. It also introduces the concept of cognitive biases and presents strategies to mitigate their effects. The session has been successfully used with third year medical students during the first week of their pediatrics clerkship. However, with minor adaptation, a similar approach could be used at other levels ...
Lessons Learnt: Pilot Of Mid Rotation Feedback., 2013 Aga Khan University
Lessons Learnt: Pilot Of Mid Rotation Feedback., Tabassum Zehra, Shazia Sadaf
Department of Medicine
The Aga Khan University went through an external review of its undergraduate medical education in December 2006 based on the accreditation guidelines by the Liaison Committee for Medical Education (LCME). The external review panel comprised of international and local experts which developed a comprehensive report on its findings with regards to LCME standards of accreditation. In the final report of the external review one of the areas highlighted as not meeting the standards of LCME was documentation of formal mid-rotation feedback of the students by the faculty in AKU clerkships through years 3 to 5. A four hour faculty development ...
The Decompensating Pediatric Inpatient Simulation Scenarios, 2010 George Washington University
The Decompensating Pediatric Inpatient Simulation Scenarios, Aisha Davis, Pavan P. Zaveri
Introduction: In July of 2009, Children’s National Medical Center (CNMC) Hospitalist and Emergency Department (ED) educators collaborated to create and implement unique simulation scenarios for trainees rotating on the pediatric hospitalist teams. The goal of this educational intervention is to teach and allow rehearsal of an approach to the unstable patient across three scenarios. Trainees use this high-fidelity, low-risksimulation to apply targeted clinical reasoning and their initial assessment and management strategies to core clinical problems. The three scenarios included in this resource cover altered mental status and seizure, respiratory distress and anaphylaxis, and refractory status asthmaticus, respectively.
Narrative Reflection In The Family Medicine Clerkship-Cultural Competence In The Third Year Required Clerkships, 2010 University of Southern California
Narrative Reflection In The Family Medicine Clerkship-Cultural Competence In The Third Year Required Clerkships, Donna Elliott, Pamela Schaff, Theresa Woehrle, Anne Walsh, Janet Trial
Physician Assistant Studies Faculty Articles and Research
This resource cultivates effective cross-cultural communication skills, which requires an understanding of culture that includes both the physician's and the patient's perspectives. Building on a foundation of cultural awareness, knowledge, and skills students have acquired during the preclinical curriculum, this exercise provides an opportunity for students to continue to refine their narrative reflection skills as they interact with patients in the clinical setting. During the family medicine clerkship, students participate in learning activities that provide the opportunity to explore the rich opportunities of thoughtful reflection and narrative practice. Students also participate in a formative narrative reflection exercise during ...
The Narrative Exercise: Introduction To Therapeutic Communication In The Psychiatry Clerkship, 2010 University of Rochester
The Narrative Exercise: Introduction To Therapeutic Communication In The Psychiatry Clerkship, David A. Garrison, Julia Frank
Introduction: In medical school, much time is devoted to teaching students to elicit disease-centered histories from their patients. The narrative exercise supplements this traditional focus by requiring students to develop a person-centered narrative for one patient under their care. While the ultimate test of a diagnosis is the verification of the diagnosis by tests or treatment outcome, the ultimate test of a patient-centered narrative is whether the patient accepts it as a legitimate characterization of his or her experience.
Methods: The psychiatry clerkship directors at the University of Rochester School of Medicine and George Washington University School of Medicine have ...