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The Association Between Health Literacy And Diet Adherence Among Primary Care Patients With Hypertension, Jenny A. Hutchison Ms., Jan Warren-Findlow Dr., Michael Dulin Dr., Hazel Tapp Dr., Lindsay Kuhn 2014 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

The Association Between Health Literacy And Diet Adherence Among Primary Care Patients With Hypertension, Jenny A. Hutchison Ms., Jan Warren-Findlow Dr., Michael Dulin Dr., Hazel Tapp Dr., Lindsay Kuhn

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

This study examines the association between health literacy and adherence to low-salt diet practices among individuals with hypertension. Health literacy is the ability of individuals to understand and utilize health information. We surveyed 238 patients with hypertension from a primary care clinic in Charlotte, NC. We assessed health literacy and self-reported low-salt diet. Logistic regression was used to model the relationship between health literacy and low-salt diet adherence. Respondents were primarily female (67.3%) and black (80%). Black Americans were less likely to have adequate health literacy as compared to white Americans (21.8% vs. 55.8%). The study found ...


A Transdisciplinary Approach To Eliminate Cancer Disparities: An Overview Of Community Engagement And Outreach Efforts In An National Institute Of Health Center For Excellence, Maisha Standifer, MPH, Julie Baldwin, PhD, Jenna Davis, MPH, Clemente Gwede, PhD, Coni Williams, MA, Lolita Dash-Pitts, Johnetta Goldsmith, MS, Thometta Cozart Brooks MS, MPH, Deanna Wathington, MD, B. Lee Green, PhD, Kevin Sneed, PhamD 2014 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

A Transdisciplinary Approach To Eliminate Cancer Disparities: An Overview Of Community Engagement And Outreach Efforts In An National Institute Of Health Center For Excellence, Maisha Standifer, Mph, Julie Baldwin, Phd, Jenna Davis, Mph, Clemente Gwede, Phd, Coni Williams, Ma, Lolita Dash-Pitts, Johnetta Goldsmith, Ms, Thometta Cozart Brooks Ms, Mph, Deanna Wathington, Md, B. Lee Green, Phd, Kevin Sneed, Phamd

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Creating health equity and eliminating health disparities are considered national priorities for improving the health of Americans (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, n.d.). Health disparities are a primary public health concern, yet are complex phenomena and challenging to research (Harper & Lynch, 2005). The National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD), under the National Institute of Health (NIH), is committed to finding solutions to achieve this goal through the creation of interdisciplinary Centers of Excellence. In 2009, the University of South Florida (USF) and Moffitt Cancer Center (Moffitt) received a NIMHD Exploratory Center of Excellence ...


Connecting Disciplines To Inform And Develop The Emerging Field Of Environmental Health Literacy, Anna G. Hoover 2014 University of Kentucky

Connecting Disciplines To Inform And Develop The Emerging Field Of Environmental Health Literacy, Anna G. Hoover

Anna G. Hoover

No abstract provided.


Health Care As Commons: An Indigenous Approach To Universal Health Coverage, Young Soon Wong, Pascale Allotey, Daniel D. Reidpath 2014 Western University

Health Care As Commons: An Indigenous Approach To Universal Health Coverage, Young Soon Wong, Pascale Allotey, Daniel D. Reidpath

The International Indigenous Policy Journal

Modern health care systems of today are predominantly derived from Western models and are either state owned or under private ownership. Government, through their health policies, generally aim to facilitate access for the majority of the population through the design of their health systems. However, there are communities, such as Indigenous peoples, who do not necessarily fall under the formal protection of state systems. Throughout history, these societies have developed different ways to provide health care to its population. These health care systems are held and managed under different property regimes with their attendant advantages and disadvantages. This article investigates ...


Managing Uncertainty In Young-Onset Parkinson's Disease, Michael J. Ravenek 2014 Western University

Managing Uncertainty In Young-Onset Parkinson's Disease, Michael J. Ravenek

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Typically considered a disease of old-age, Parkinson’s disease can affect those younger in life, i.e., before the age of 55, when it is referred to as young-onset Parkinson’s disease (YOPD). Using constructionist grounded theory, this research sought to understand how, and why, individuals with YOPD became informed about their disease over time. A total of 39 individuals, who self-identified as living with YOPD, took part in this study which was organized according to four cycles of data collection. These cycles utilized focus groups, in-depth interviews and a private online discussion board, supplemented by 14 autobiographies written by ...


Electronic Health Records: Cure-All Or Chronic Condition?, Chris Kimble 2014 SelectedWorks

Electronic Health Records: Cure-All Or Chronic Condition?, Chris Kimble

Chris Kimble

Computer-based information systems feature in almost every aspect of our lives, and yet most of us receive handwritten prescriptions when we visit our doctors and rely on paper-based medical records in our healthcare. Although electronic health record (EHR) systems have long been promoted as a cost-effective and efficient alternative to this situation, clear-cut evidence of their success has not been forthcoming. An examination of some of the underlying problems that prevent EHR systems from delivering the benefits that their proponents tout identifies four broad objectives - reducing cost, reducing errors, improving coordination and improving adherence to standards - and shows that they ...


Communication Partnerships That Work: Translating Evidence-Based Health Research Into Practice, Angela Carman, Gretchen Holmes, Anna G. Hoover, Margaret McGladrey, Ernie Scott, Mary Tucker-McLaughlin, Nancy Winterbauer 2014 University of Kentucky

Communication Partnerships That Work: Translating Evidence-Based Health Research Into Practice, Angela Carman, Gretchen Holmes, Anna G. Hoover, Margaret Mcgladrey, Ernie Scott, Mary Tucker-Mclaughlin, Nancy Winterbauer

Anna G. Hoover

Healthcare and public health research ultimately seek to improve patient and population health. Unfortunately, more than a decade often passes before research findings become routinized in practice. Improving translational speed, reach, and efficacy requires partnerships among researchers, practitioners, community stakeholders, and communication scholars. This panel will be presenting two partnership models that work.

The University of Kentucky (UK) Center of Excellence in Rural Health (CERH) seeks to improve the health of rural Kentuckians through education, research, service, and community engagement. They do this by partnering with hospitals and clinics, health professionals, community service agencies, non-profits and other organizations. Panelists will ...


Dr. Eric Seidlitz: Valuable Lessons From The Unconventional, Ameir Makar, Wasimuddin Syed 2014 McMaster University

Dr. Eric Seidlitz: Valuable Lessons From The Unconventional, Ameir Makar, Wasimuddin Syed

The Meducator

Dr. Eric Seidlitz is a Researcher in the department of Pathology & Molecular Medicine at McMaster University. He has a diverse background, with a B.Sc in Zoology/Botany, a B.A. (first class Honours) degree in Physiological Psychology, a M.Sc. degree in Psychology/Electrophysiology, and a Ph.D. in Physiology and Pharmacology. After working for 8 years at the Sick Children Hospital in Toronto, he joined the Singh Lab at the Cancer Centre in Hamilton in 1998, where he started his research in bone metastasis. Aside from his research, he currently teaches the first year Cellular & Molecular Biology course ...


Re-Evaluating The Hierarchy Of Evidence: What Is The Gold Standard?, Brandon Tang, Stephanie J. Wan Ms. 2014 McMaster University

Re-Evaluating The Hierarchy Of Evidence: What Is The Gold Standard?, Brandon Tang, Stephanie J. Wan Ms.

The Meducator

On October 16, 1846, William Morton took part in an operation to remove a tumour from a patient’s neck. However, this surgery was unlike any other that had been completed before. 1 Morton’s stage was the local surgical amphitheater in the Massachusetts General Hospital, and his main prop was the ether, a novel substance that promised to alleviate pain in an unprecedented manner. Within the amphitheater, scientists, dentists, and doctors eagerly awaited the awakening of Morton’s patient after the surgery. To everyone’s delight, after awakening, the patient announced that he did not feel any pain during ...


Evidence Briefs As A Mechanism For Knowledge Transfer And Exchange: Assessing Views About, Experiences With, And Influences Of Policy-Relevant Research Syntheses In Low- And Middle-Income Countries, Kaelan A. Moat 2014 McMaster University

Evidence Briefs As A Mechanism For Knowledge Transfer And Exchange: Assessing Views About, Experiences With, And Influences Of Policy-Relevant Research Syntheses In Low- And Middle-Income Countries, Kaelan A. Moat

Open Access Dissertations and Theses

Evidence briefs are an innovative and promising approach to synthesizing the best available research evidence to support evidence-informed health policymaking in low- and middle-income countries. Unfortunately, despite their increased use, little work has been undertaken to understand how the contexts in which briefs are prepared and the issues that they address influence the ways in which policymakers and stakeholders view them. Furthermore, there have been few efforts to determine whether and how evidence briefs influence the policy processes related to the priority policy issues for which they are prepared. This thesis begins to address these issues through four manuscripts that ...


Brain Blast 2014 Speakers Poster, Annie Leslie 2014 University of New England

Brain Blast 2014 Speakers Poster, Annie Leslie

Brain Blast

Poster from UNE's Brain Blast 2014 listing the presenters at this event.


Brain Blast 2014 Poster, Annie Leslie 2014 University of New England

Brain Blast 2014 Poster, Annie Leslie

Brain Blast

Announcement poster for UNE's Brain Blast 2014, a pechakucha-style brain health and safety awareness and learning event.


Latinos' Health Perceptions: A Cross-Cultural Analyisis, Elizabeth Pappenfus 2014 University of Minnesota Morris Digital Well

Latinos' Health Perceptions: A Cross-Cultural Analyisis, Elizabeth Pappenfus

Undergraduate Research Symposium 2014

The purpose of my study is to examine how Latinos’ cultural health beliefs impact their illness behaviors in a rural setting in comparison to White individuals. Illness behavior is defined as the manner in which a person monitors their body, interprets their symptoms, and their reactions to those symptoms. Although Latino immigrants suffer from higher rates of treatable diseases, they are largely underutilizing the healthcare system in the U.S. The Andersen model of healthcare utilization is the most commonly used model for predicting utilization based on the person's environment (i.e. healthcare system) and personal characteristics (i.e ...


The Participation Of Marginalized Populations In Health Services Planning And Decision Making, Stephanie Rose Montesanti 2014 McMaster University

The Participation Of Marginalized Populations In Health Services Planning And Decision Making, Stephanie Rose Montesanti

Open Access Dissertations and Theses

Community participation has been identified as a key facilitator of community health among marginalized populations in international health statements. However, knowledge gaps in the community participation literature regarding marginalized populations has been attributed to the lack of consistent definitions of community participation, ambiguity about the features of community participation initiatives (e.g., methods and strategies) that are appropriate for marginalized populations, and limitations of existing community participation frameworks in specifying the ways and means in which different marginalized populations might effectively participate, as well as in recognizing that community participation is highly contextual and situational. All of these factors have ...


Evaluating The Feasibility And Effectiveness Of Evidence-Based Knowledge Translation Interventions Targeting Osteoporosis And Fracture Prevention In Ontario Long-Term Care Homes, Courtney C. Kennedy 2014 McMaster University

Evaluating The Feasibility And Effectiveness Of Evidence-Based Knowledge Translation Interventions Targeting Osteoporosis And Fracture Prevention In Ontario Long-Term Care Homes, Courtney C. Kennedy

Open Access Dissertations and Theses

Background: Despite strong evidence, strategies for improving bone health are underutilized. Knowledge translation (KT) interventions aim to improve uptake of evidence-based practices, however the feasibility and effectiveness of such strategies require further evaluation within Long-term Care (LTC). In this thesis, we examined the impacts of a province-wide osteoporosis strategy and a more intensive multifaceted KT strategy including expert-led educational meetings, audit/feed-back, and action planning for quality improvement. Both studies targeted interdisciplinary LTC teams (physicians, nurses, pharmacists, dietician, and other staff).

Methods: In the first thesis study, we examined the impact of the Ontario Osteoporosis Strategy for LTC by investigating ...


Dissemination And Implementation Research: Connecting Interventions To Practice, Anna G. Hoover, Angela Carman 2014 University of Kentucky

Dissemination And Implementation Research: Connecting Interventions To Practice, Anna G. Hoover, Angela Carman

Anna G. Hoover

This presentation describes a pilot study to evaluate the complex relationships among organizational structure and characteristics, channel selection, and changes in uptake in the implementation of an evidence-based HPV vaccine intervention in Kentucky local health departments.


Building The Case For An “Architectonic” Function Of Rhetoric In Health Services Research, John J. Rief 2014 University of Iowa

Building The Case For An “Architectonic” Function Of Rhetoric In Health Services Research, John J. Rief

Poroi

In 2003, National Institutes of Health director Elias A. Zerhouni called for the development of innovative research methods that more effectively connect medical research findings to clinical care. His call and the transformative institutional and funding changes it has wrought have opened up an exciting opportunity for rhetorical scholars to join the interdisciplinary project of improving medical research and delivery. Responding to this opportunity, this paper articulates one vision for the rhetorician turned health services researcher. This vision is rooted in Richard McKeon’s insight that in addition to the analysis of discourse and the promotion of good communication practices ...


Accreditation: On Target, Anne L. Drabczyk, G Bolen, G Bengamin, P Jarris, R Pestronk 2014 SelectedWorks

Accreditation: On Target, Anne L. Drabczyk, G Bolen, G Bengamin, P Jarris, R Pestronk

Dr. Anne L. Drabczyk

No abstract provided.


Functional Foods And Women's High Cholesterol, Maja Jovanovic 2014 McMaster University

Functional Foods And Women's High Cholesterol, Maja Jovanovic

Open Access Dissertations and Theses

Food and the various aspects surrounding what we eat, what we should eat, and concerns about how to remain healthy and ward off disease and illness is escalating while our choices are endless. In this competitive food market a new type has emerged: the functional food. Functional foods are those that have an added health benefit beyond the basic nutritional content and display physiological benefits in reducing chronic diseases. A popular category of functional foods are those that purport to lower one's cholesterol. In particular, high cholesterol is marketed as a "disease" rather than a risk factor for various ...


Emergency Nurses' Knowledge Of Pediatric Complaints, Kari J. Blackburn 2014 University of Kentucky

Emergency Nurses' Knowledge Of Pediatric Complaints, Kari J. Blackburn

DNP Practice Inquiry Projects

Each year there are more than 25 million pediatric emergency department (ED) visits, with 37-60% of the complaints being non-urgent (Brosseau, Hoffman, Nattinger, Flores, Zhang and Gorelick, 2007). Injury is the number one reason children present to the ED and is strongly associated with a complaint of pain (AHRQ, 2013). While pain is a high volume reason for visiting the ED, there are other presentation causes that may pose a high risk to pediatric patients. Nausea and vomiting is not typically viewed as a high risk complaint, yet there are some high risk etiologies resulting in nausea and vomiting that ...


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