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Discussion Of "Biomedical Ontologies: Toward Scientific Debate", Brochhausen M., Burgun A., Ceusters W., Hasman A., Tze-Yun LEONG, Musen M., Oliveira J., Peleg M., Rector A., Schulz S. 2011 Singapore Management University

Discussion Of "Biomedical Ontologies: Toward Scientific Debate", Brochhausen M., Burgun A., Ceusters W., Hasman A., Tze-Yun Leong, Musen M., Oliveira J., Peleg M., Rector A., Schulz S.

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

With these comments on the paper “Biomedical Ontologies: Toward scientific debate”, written by Victor Maojo et al., Methods of Information in Medicine wants to stimulate a discussion on advantages and challenges of biomedical ontologies. An international group of experts have been invited by the editor of Methods to comment on this paper. Each of the invited commentaries forms one section of this paper.


Advances In Information And Communication Technology (Ict): Issues, Challenges And Opportunities For Health Care Professionals, Waris Qidwai 2011 Aga Khan University

Advances In Information And Communication Technology (Ict): Issues, Challenges And Opportunities For Health Care Professionals, Waris Qidwai

Department of Family Medicine

No abstract provided.


Toward Collaborative Print Retention, Sue Woodson, Steven Douglas, Todd J. Puccio, Karen Grigg, Sylvia McAphee, Jan Orick, Martha Whaley, Mary Willams, Sheila Snow-Croft 2011 Johns Hopkins University

Toward Collaborative Print Retention, Sue Woodson, Steven Douglas, Todd J. Puccio, Karen Grigg, Sylvia Mcaphee, Jan Orick, Martha Whaley, Mary Willams, Sheila Snow-Croft

HPD Library Presentations, Speeches, Lectures, Posters, Events, etc.

Background: :In order to serve the many member libraries who were faced with the loss of space and the subsequent need to downsize and discard print collections in a very short time, the NN/LM SE/A formed a task force on print retention in the spring of 2010. This group carried on online discussions and met twice between the Spring of 2010 and The Spring of 2011. The task force recommended, among other things, that a committee be formed to identify the potential for a collaborative print retention project in the region, develop educational resources on the topic of print retention, …


Applying Inventory Control Practices Within The Sisters Of Mercy Health Care Supply Chain, Server Apras 2011 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Applying Inventory Control Practices Within The Sisters Of Mercy Health Care Supply Chain, Server Apras

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This research lays a foundation for the better understanding of the application and acceptance of more advanced inventory control practices within the health care supply chain. The demand characteristics and optimal control policies for pharmaceutical items within a multi-echelon provider network are examined within the framework of a case study. Demand forecasting algorithms were applied to forecast demand for inventory control procedures. A spreadsheet-based inventory planning tool was used to minimize the inventory holding and ordering costs subject to fill rate constraints. The costs of inventory control models are compared to the current ordering and inventory control strategies to document …


Addressing The Challenges Of Reporting On Childhood Asthma In A Changing Health Care System: Building Better Evidence For High Performance, Meagan Lyon, Anne Rossier Markus, Maya Tuchman Gerstein, Sara J. Rosenbaum 2011 George Washington University

Addressing The Challenges Of Reporting On Childhood Asthma In A Changing Health Care System: Building Better Evidence For High Performance, Meagan Lyon, Anne Rossier Markus, Maya Tuchman Gerstein, Sara J. Rosenbaum

Geiger Gibson/RCHN Community Health Foundation Research Collaborative

Childhood asthma is a serious and costly chronic disease that burdens children and families as well as the health care systems that serve them. A key element to improving asthma outcomes is access to timely and useful data that can improve the quality of care and inform programs and policies to best serve those communities most burdened by asthma. This Policy Brief examines the nation’s data collection framework for childhood asthma and considers steps that might be taken to strengthen it, including the development, collection and refinement of community-level data to inform local health care systems. Through a review of …


A System For De-Identifying Medical Message Board Text, Adrian Benton, Shawndra Hill, Lyle Ungar, Annie Chung, Charles Leonard, Cristin Freeman, John. H. Holmes 2011 University of Pennsylvania

A System For De-Identifying Medical Message Board Text, Adrian Benton, Shawndra Hill, Lyle Ungar, Annie Chung, Charles Leonard, Cristin Freeman, John. H. Holmes

Operations, Information and Decisions Papers

There are millions of public posts to medical message boards by users seeking support and information on a wide range of medical conditions. It has been shown that these posts can be used to gain a greater understanding of patients’ experiences and concerns. As investigators continue to explore large corpora of medical discussion board data for research purposes, protecting the privacy of the members of these online communities becomes an important challenge that needs to be met. Extant entity recognition methods used for more structured text are not sufficient because message posts present additional challenges: the posts contain many typographical …


Baseline Data For Maine Pediatric And Family Practices From Arra-Funded Hit Ambulatory Practice Survey Data, Kimberley S. Fox MPA 2011 University of Southern Maine, Muskie School of Public Service

Baseline Data For Maine Pediatric And Family Practices From Arra-Funded Hit Ambulatory Practice Survey Data, Kimberley S. Fox Mpa

Population Health & Health Policy

No abstract provided.


Natural Supplements For H1n1 Influenza: Retrospective Observational Infodemiology Study Of Information And Search Activity On The Internet, Shawndra Hill, Jun Mao, Lyle Ungar, Sean Hennessy, Charles. E. Leonard, John. H. Holmes 2011 University of Pennsylvania

Natural Supplements For H1n1 Influenza: Retrospective Observational Infodemiology Study Of Information And Search Activity On The Internet, Shawndra Hill, Jun Mao, Lyle Ungar, Sean Hennessy, Charles. E. Leonard, John. H. Holmes

Operations, Information and Decisions Papers

Background: As the incidence of H1N1 increases, the lay public may turn to the Internet for information about natural supplements for prevention and treatment.

Objective: Our objective was to identify and characterize websites that provide information about herbal and natural supplements with information about H1N1 and to examine trends in the public’s behavior in searching for information about supplement use in preventing or treating H1N1.

Methods: This was a retrospective observational infodemiology study of indexed websites and Internet search activity over the period January 1, 2009, through November 15, 2009. The setting is the Internet as indexed by Google with …


Using Sms Text Messaging To Assess Moderators Of Smoking Reduction: Validating A New Tool For Ecological Measurement Of Health Behaviors, Elliot T. Berkman, Janna Dickenson, Emily B. Falk, Matthew D. Lieberman 2011 University of Pennsylvania

Using Sms Text Messaging To Assess Moderators Of Smoking Reduction: Validating A New Tool For Ecological Measurement Of Health Behaviors, Elliot T. Berkman, Janna Dickenson, Emily B. Falk, Matthew D. Lieberman

Departmental Papers (ASC)

Objective: Understanding the psychological processes that contribute to smoking reduction will yield population health benefits. Negative mood may moderate smoking lapse during cessation, but this relationship has been difficult to measure in ongoing daily experience. We used a novel form of ecological momentary assessment to test a self-control model of negative mood and craving leading to smoking lapse.

Design: We validated short message service (SMS) text as a user-friendly and low-cost option for ecologically measuring real-time health behaviors. We sent text messages to cigarette smokers attempting to quit eight times daily for the first 21 days of cessation (N-obs = …


Rfid And Its Impacts To The Hospital Supply Chain, Dan Feng Lu, Hai Do, Anna Jones, Alberto Coustasse 2011 Marshall University

Rfid And Its Impacts To The Hospital Supply Chain, Dan Feng Lu, Hai Do, Anna Jones, Alberto Coustasse

Management Faculty Research

A radio frequency identification device (RFID) is a type of information technology used to improve supply chain management through an enhanced visualization of products. The RFID market in the U.S healthcare industry has been projected to be approximately $297 million and has been expected to grow at a rapid speed. RFID had a great impact on the hospital supply chain. It has been demonstrated that 30% of large healthcare organization that had IT budgets over $100 million had already deployed RFID technology. RFID is the latest technology to reduce costs by tracking both equipment and employees. This technology can also …


Providing Better Care At Lower Cost: Building Maine's Health Data Infrastructure To Support Financing And Delivery System Reform, Andrew F. Coburn PhD 2011 University of Southern Maine, Muskie School of Public Service, Maine Rural Health Research Center

Providing Better Care At Lower Cost: Building Maine's Health Data Infrastructure To Support Financing And Delivery System Reform, Andrew F. Coburn Phd

Health System Reform

Maine needs a robust and functional health data infrastructure to support efforts by health care providers and purchasers to improve quality, address Maine’s health care cost problems, and improve the health of individuals and populations through payment and delivery system reform. Although Maine has been a leader in building and using health data systems such as the hospital discharge data set and the all-payer claims database, new performance-based financing and delivery system arrangements are highlighting shortcomings in these systems and the need for a renewed vision of Maine’s future health data infrastructure.

The Health Data Workgroup was created by The …


Evaluating Health Information Technology’S Clinical Effects, Brian L. Strom, Rtia Schinnar 2011 University of Pennsylvania

Evaluating Health Information Technology’S Clinical Effects, Brian L. Strom, Rtia Schinnar

Issue Briefs

In 2009 the federal government appropriated $34 billion in stimulus-related funding to promote the “meaningful use” of health information technology among Medicare and Medicaid providers and hospitals. One of the key elements of this technology is the adoption of computerized physician order entry (CPOE) systems for inpatient drug prescribing. The potential for CPOE to improve prescribing patterns and prevent adverse events is large, and as yet, unrealized. Amidst enthusiasm for the benefits of CPOE, providers and policymakers are becoming aware that CPOE could introduce new errors into the system and cannot simply be assumed to “work.” This Issue Brief reports …


Towards Critical Medical Practice: Nursing Practice And An Emr System, Dirk Postma 2011 University of Johannesburg

Towards Critical Medical Practice: Nursing Practice And An Emr System, Dirk Postma

Dirk Postma

A focus on critique as a form of theory within critical management studies (CMS) and critical information systems research (CISR) leads to concerns about the impact of critique on the transformation of practice and about the active role of practitioners. The emphasis on theory also prevents insight into the heterogeneous nature of critical practices. This paper develops a posthumanist approach to critique. A case is analysed where an electronic medical record (EMR) information system is introduced in a hospital. The focus is on tracing the effect of this system on the work of nurses. It is shown how the system …


Effect Of Remote Fetal Monitoring In An Inpatient Obstetrical Unit: A Retrospective Review, Lauren Reavis 2011 Gardner-Webb University

Effect Of Remote Fetal Monitoring In An Inpatient Obstetrical Unit: A Retrospective Review, Lauren Reavis

Nursing Theses and Capstone Projects

Electronic Fetal Monitoring (EFM) has been used as a tool for inpatient obstetrical care in the United States since the 1980's. The litigious nature of our society has caused much emphasis to be placed upon EFM use and interpretation; however, little evolution has occurred in monitoring techniques. The review of relevant literature found a significant gap in knowledge in regards to research of the current monitoring practice. Therefore, this study was aimed to look at the effect of remote monitoring, like the practice currently used in telemetry, on inpatient obstetrical care. The study used a retrospective review to look at …


An Evaluation Of The Usability Of A Computerized Decision Support System For Nursing Homes, M. Fossum, M. Ehnfors, Ann L. Fruhling, A. Ehrenberg 2011 Orebro University

An Evaluation Of The Usability Of A Computerized Decision Support System For Nursing Homes, M. Fossum, M. Ehnfors, Ann L. Fruhling, A. Ehrenberg

Interdisciplinary Informatics Faculty Publications

Background: Computerized decision support systems (CDSSs) have the potential to significantly improve the quality of nursing care of older people by enhancing the decision making of nursing personnel. Despite this potential, health care organizations have been slow to incorporate CDSSs into nursing home practices.

Objective: This study describes facilitators and barriers that impact the ability of nursing personnel to effectively use a clinical CDSS for planning and treating pressure ulcers (PUs) and malnutrition and for following the suggested risk assessment guidelines for the care of nursing home residents.

Methods: We employed a qualitative descriptive design using varied …


Librarians And Health Workers: Partnering And Collaborating To Support Free Access To Health Information In Nigeria, Ngozi Blessing Ukachi 2011 University of Lagos, Akoka-Lagos, Nigeria

Librarians And Health Workers: Partnering And Collaborating To Support Free Access To Health Information In Nigeria, Ngozi Blessing Ukachi

Collaborative Librarianship

The well-being of individuals and communities depend on accessibility to accurate health information. A recent study shows the many communities in some regions of Nigeria lack accessibility to this information. Building on the success of partnerships between librarians and health care workers in the delivery of health information in other parts of the world, the Nigerian situation could be greatly improved through a number of strategies, as suggested.


Maine Pediatric And Family Practice Survey Chartbook: Improving Health Outcomes For Children, Martha Elbaum Williamson MPA, Kimberley S. Fox MPA, Al Leighton BA, Stuart Bratesman MPP 2011 University of Southern Maine, Muskie School of Public Service

Maine Pediatric And Family Practice Survey Chartbook: Improving Health Outcomes For Children, Martha Elbaum Williamson Mpa, Kimberley S. Fox Mpa, Al Leighton Ba, Stuart Bratesman Mpp

Population Health & Health Policy

As part of the IHOC initiative, the Muskie School of Public Service at the University of Southern Maine surveyed pediatric and family practices about how they use data, clinical guidelines and office systems to monitor and improve children’s healthcare quality. The purpose of the survey is to provide baseline information about quality improvement activities in primary care practices serving children in Maine. Survey data will be used to inform IHOC activities and to monitor changes over time. The web-based survey was conducted in the winter of 2011-2012 and sent to practice managers at a sample of 168 practice sites, of …


Integrating An Internet-Mediated Walking Program Into Family Medicine Clinical Practice: A Pilot Feasibility Study, David E. Goodrich, Lorraine R. Buis, Adrienne W. Janney, Megan D. Ditty, Christine W. Krause, Kai Zheng, Ananda Sen, Victor J. Strecher, Michael L. Hess, John D. Piette, Caroline R. Richardson 2011 University of Michigan

Integrating An Internet-Mediated Walking Program Into Family Medicine Clinical Practice: A Pilot Feasibility Study, David E. Goodrich, Lorraine R. Buis, Adrienne W. Janney, Megan D. Ditty, Christine W. Krause, Kai Zheng, Ananda Sen, Victor J. Strecher, Michael L. Hess, John D. Piette, Caroline R. Richardson

Wayne State University Associated BioMed Central Scholarship

Abstract

Background

Regular participation in physical activity can prevent many chronic health conditions. Computerized self-management programs are effective clinical tools to support patient participation in physical activity. This pilot study sought to develop and evaluate an online interface for primary care providers to refer patients to an Internet-mediated walking program called Stepping Up to Health (SUH) and to monitor participant progress in the program.

Methods

In Phase I of the study, we recruited six pairs of physicians and medical assistants from two family practice clinics to assist with the design of a clinical interface. During Phase II, providers used the …


The Effect Of Curricular Sequencing Of Human Patient Simulation Learning Experiences On Students’ Self-Perceptions Of Clinical Reasoning Abilities, Rebecca Jensen Phd, RN 2011 Parkview Health

The Effect Of Curricular Sequencing Of Human Patient Simulation Learning Experiences On Students’ Self-Perceptions Of Clinical Reasoning Abilities, Rebecca Jensen Phd, Rn

Nursing Publications

It is unknown whether timing of human patient simulation (HPS) in a semester, demographic (age, gender, and ethnicity), and situational (type of program and previous baccalaureate degree and experience in healthcare) variables affects students‘ perceptions of their clinical reasoning abilities. Nursing students were divided into two groups, mid and end of semester HPS experiences. Students‘ perceptions of clinical reasoning abilities were measured at Baseline (beginning of semester) and Time 2 (end of semester), along with demographic and situational variables. Dependent variable was Difference scores where Baseline scores were subtracted from Time 2 scores to reveal changes in students‘ perceptions of …


Approaches To The Spatial Modelling Of Cancer Incidence And Mortality In Metropolitan Perth, Western Australia, 1990 -2005, Changying Shao 2011 Edith Cowan University

Approaches To The Spatial Modelling Of Cancer Incidence And Mortality In Metropolitan Perth, Western Australia, 1990 -2005, Changying Shao

Theses: Doctorates and Masters

Cancer is one of potentially preventable and treatable diseases. Cancer analysis from different perspectives is necessary to provide the information for health research and the initiation of prevention and treatment programs. The purpose of this study was to analyse five top cancers in the Perth metropolitan area, including lung, melanoma, breast, prostate and colorectal cancers, using two methodologies: Area-to-Point Poisson (ATP) kriging and fitting an inhomogeneous Poisson process model using the Berman-Turner algorithm. ATP Poisson kriging was used to undertake the analysis on the spatial distribution of cancer rates per 100,000 person-years for Perth Statistical Local Areas during the period …


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