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Investigation Of Β-Catenin-Mediated Regulation Of Igfbp-6 And The Roles Of Igfbp-6 And Igf-Ii In Dupuytren's Disease, Christina N. Raykha 2014 The University of Western Ontario

Investigation Of Β-Catenin-Mediated Regulation Of Igfbp-6 And The Roles Of Igfbp-6 And Igf-Ii In Dupuytren's Disease, Christina N. Raykha

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Dupuytren’s Disease (DD) is a benign and heritable connective tissue fibrosis that affects the palmar fascia and typically results in permanent finger contracture(s). Similar to other fibroses, DD is characterized by increased fibroblast proliferation, myofibroblast differentiation and excess collagen deposition. Currently, there are no truly effective treatment options for connective tissue fibroses.

Increased levels of β-catenin, an intracellular trans-regulator of gene transcription, have been previously reported in DD. Genes that are associated with, and therefore potentially transcriptionally regulated by, β-catenin during DD development were identified in this thesis. One of these gene targets, IGFBP6, was shown to consistently be …


New Malignancies After Squamous Cell Carcinoma And Melanomas: A Population-Based Study From Norway, Trude E. Robsahm, Margaret R. Karagas, Judy R. Rees, Astri Syse 2014 Cancer Registry of Norway

New Malignancies After Squamous Cell Carcinoma And Melanomas: A Population-Based Study From Norway, Trude E. Robsahm, Margaret R. Karagas, Judy R. Rees, Astri Syse

Dartmouth Scholarship

Skin cancer survivors experience an increased risk for subsequent malignancies but the associated risk factors are poorly understood. This study examined the risk of a new primary cancer following an initial skin cancer and assessed risk factors associated with second primary cancers.


Systematic Condition In A Ncaa-I Collegiate Soccer Player, Ashley D. Smith 2014 Marshall University

Systematic Condition In A Ncaa-I Collegiate Soccer Player, Ashley D. Smith

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

Objective: The purpose of this case study is to inform athletic trainers of a systematic disease not common in our patient population.

Background: The athlete, a twenty-one YO, 160 lb, 69 inch female NCAA-I collegiate soccer goalie presented with complaint of bilateral elbow and knee joint pain and stiffness along with tender red itchy bumps on the anterior aspect of her shins. The athlete had flu-like symptoms and a URI prior to this complaint. The athlete has a history of anemia, mononucleosis, and streptococcal.

Differential Diagnosis: Rheumatoid arthritis, lymphoma, HIV/aids, erythema nodosum, lupus, Lyme disease.

Treatment: The athlete sought out …


Is Arginine Oral Supplement Effective On Wound Healing In Adult Patients With Stage Ii, Iii And Iv Pressure Ulcers?, Camilla Chou 2014 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Is Arginine Oral Supplement Effective On Wound Healing In Adult Patients With Stage Ii, Iii And Iv Pressure Ulcers?, Camilla Chou

PCOM Physician Assistant Studies Student Scholarship

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this selective EBM review is to determine whether or not the addition of arginine protein supplementation is effective in wound healing of adult patients with stage II, III and IV pressure ulcers.

STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review of three English language primary studies. One observation controlled study and two randomized controlled studies all published between 2010- 2012.

DATA SOURCES: Two double blind randomized controlled trials and one observational controlled trial comparing the efficacy of arginine supplementation in wound healing of adult patients with stage II, III and IV pressure ulcers. All research articles were …


Is Minoxidil Efficacious And Safe For The Treatment Of Androgenetic Alopecia (Aga) In Men, And If So, What Is The Optimal Strength And Means Of Delivery?, Anhthu P. Pickart 2014 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Is Minoxidil Efficacious And Safe For The Treatment Of Androgenetic Alopecia (Aga) In Men, And If So, What Is The Optimal Strength And Means Of Delivery?, Anhthu P. Pickart

PCOM Physician Assistant Studies Student Scholarship

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this selective EBM review is to determine whether or not minoxidil is efficacious and safe for the treatment of androgenetic alopecia (AGA) in men, and if so, what is the optimal strength and means of delivery.

STUDY DESIGN: Review of three double-blind randomized controlled trials studying men (18-49 y/o) with androgenetic alopecia published in English from 2007-2009.

DATA SOURCES: Three articles of double-blind randomized controlled trials found via PubMed.

OUTCOMES MEASURED: Outcomes measured included the efficacy and safety of minoxidil as well as the optimal strength and means of delivery of the …


Is Glycolic Acid Safe And Effective In The Treatment Of Mild To Moderate Acne?, Brittany Stokes 2014 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Is Glycolic Acid Safe And Effective In The Treatment Of Mild To Moderate Acne?, Brittany Stokes

PCOM Physician Assistant Studies Student Scholarship

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this selective EMB review is to determine whether or not the use of glycolic acid is effective in the treatment of inflammatory and non-inflammatory acne.

STUDY DESIGN: The review of three randomized, double-blind, controlled trials all published in English language between the years of 2008-2010.

DATA SOURCES: Three randomized, double-blind, controlled trails comparing glycolic acid to a visually matched placebo or pharmaceutical therapy in improvement of acne. All articles were found using PubMed and EBSCO.

OUTCOMES MEASURED: The improvement of inflammatory and non-inflammatory acne and tolerance/ safety of the intervention. Efficacy was …


Is A Low Glycemic Index Diet An Effective Treatment Regimen For Acne Vulgaris In Adolescents And Young Adults Ages 15-30?, Gina C. Tomkus 2014 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Is A Low Glycemic Index Diet An Effective Treatment Regimen For Acne Vulgaris In Adolescents And Young Adults Ages 15-30?, Gina C. Tomkus

PCOM Physician Assistant Studies Student Scholarship

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this selective EBM review is to determine whether or not a low glycemic index (Low GI) diet is an effective treatment for acne vulgaris in adolescents and young adults ages 15-30.

STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review of two randomized, double blind, placebo controlled clinical trial and one parallel clinical trial published in peer-reviewed journals.

DATA SOURCES: Two randomized double blind clinical trials and one parallel clinical trial published in 2007, 2012, and 2010 respectively. The sources studying the use of a low glycemic index diet as a therapeutic intervention for acne vulgaris were obtained …


Is The Addition Of A Topical Agent To Narrowband Uvb Treatment More Effective In Treating Male And Female Adults With Psoriasis Than Narrowband Treatment Alone?, Colleen M. Wagner 2014 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Is The Addition Of A Topical Agent To Narrowband Uvb Treatment More Effective In Treating Male And Female Adults With Psoriasis Than Narrowband Treatment Alone?, Colleen M. Wagner

PCOM Physician Assistant Studies Student Scholarship

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this selective EBM review is to determine whether or not the addition of a topical agent to narrowband UVB treatment is more effective in treating adults with psoriasis than narrowband UVB treatment alone.

STUDY DESIGN: Review of three English language primary randomized trials that were published between 2003 and 2012.

DATA SOURCES: A randomized left-right comparison, placebo controlled clinical trial, a randomized trial, and a randomized placebo controlled, blinded clinical trial each comparing the addition of a topical agent to narrowband UVB treatment to narrowband UVB treatment alone were found using PubMed and …


In Vivo Bioluminescence Imaging To Evaluate Systemic And Topical Antibiotics Against Community-Acquired Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus-Infected Skin Wounds In Mice, Yi Guo, Romela Irene Ramos, John S. Cho, Niles P. Donegan, Ambrose L. Cheung, Lloyd S. Miller 2013 University of California, Los Angeles

In Vivo Bioluminescence Imaging To Evaluate Systemic And Topical Antibiotics Against Community-Acquired Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus-Infected Skin Wounds In Mice, Yi Guo, Romela Irene Ramos, John S. Cho, Niles P. Donegan, Ambrose L. Cheung, Lloyd S. Miller

Dartmouth Scholarship

Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) frequently causes skin and soft tissue infections, including impetigo, cellulitis, folliculitis, and infected wounds and ulcers. Uncomplicated CA-MRSA skin infections are typically managed in an outpatient setting with oral and topical antibiotics and/or incision and drainage, whereas complicated skin infections often require hospitalization, intravenous antibiotics, and sometimes surgery. The aim of this study was to devel


Evaluation Of Matricellular Proteins As Potential Therapeutics For The Treatment Of Human Chronic Skin Wounds, Christopher G. Elliott 2013 The University of Western Ontario

Evaluation Of Matricellular Proteins As Potential Therapeutics For The Treatment Of Human Chronic Skin Wounds, Christopher G. Elliott

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

There is currently an unmet need for treatments to enhance healing of human chronic skin wounds. Previously, therapy development has focused on growth factors and physical matrices, often resulting in disappointing clinical outcomes. In this thesis, we approached chronic skin wound treatment with a focus on fibrosis and matricellular proteins. Fibrosis is a pathological condition where tissue repair continues, unchecked, resulting in excess contraction, matrix accumulation and fibrogenic growth factor activity; features critically reduced in chronic skin wounds. Identifying factors that promote fibrosis may offer new therapeutic targets for use in chronic skin wounds. Two such factors are the matricellular …


Raman Spectroscopic Analysis Of Human Skin Tissue Sections Ex-Vivo: Evaluation Of The Effects Of Tissue Processing And Dewaxing, Syed Mehmood Ali, Franck Bonnier, Ali Tfayli, Helen Lambkin, Kathleen Flynn, Vincent McDonagh, Claragh Healy, Thomas Lee, Fiona Lyng, Hugh Byrne 2013 Technological University Dublin

Raman Spectroscopic Analysis Of Human Skin Tissue Sections Ex-Vivo: Evaluation Of The Effects Of Tissue Processing And Dewaxing, Syed Mehmood Ali, Franck Bonnier, Ali Tfayli, Helen Lambkin, Kathleen Flynn, Vincent Mcdonagh, Claragh Healy, Thomas Lee, Fiona Lyng, Hugh Byrne

Articles

Raman spectroscopy coupled with K-means clustering analysis (KMCA) is employed to elucidate the biochemical structure of human skin tissue sections, and the effects of tissue processing. Both hand and thigh sections of human cadavers were analysed in their unprocessed and formalin fixed paraffin processed (FFPP) and subsequently dewaxed forms. In unprocessed sections, KMCA reveals clear differentiation of the stratum corneum, intermediate underlying epithelium and dermal layers for sections from both anatomical sites. The stratum corneum is seen to be relatively rich in lipidic content; the spectrum of the subjacent layers is strongly influenced by the presence of melanin, while that …


Preventing Skin Cancer In Adolescent Girls Through Intervention With Their Mothers, Mary K. Baker 2013 East Tennessee State University

Preventing Skin Cancer In Adolescent Girls Through Intervention With Their Mothers, Mary K. Baker

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Indoor tanning (IT) before the age of 35 increases one’s risk for melanoma by 75%, and epidemiological data show a 6.1% annual increase in the incidence of melanomas in white women younger than age 44 in the US. Population-based studies reveal that 15% of adolescents and 8% to 14% of their primary caregivers have engaged in IT in the past year.

The compelling case for IT being a significant risk factor for melanoma, together with the high rates of IT in teen girls and their mothers, provided a strong rationale for conducting an antitanning intervention directed at mother-daughter dyads. This …


Characterization Of Differentiation And Prognostic Biomarkers On Cd8+ Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes In Metastatic Melanoma, Richard C. Wu 2013 The University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston

Characterization Of Differentiation And Prognostic Biomarkers On Cd8+ Tumor-Infiltrating Lymphocytes In Metastatic Melanoma, Richard C. Wu

Dissertations & Theses (Open Access)

CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) frequently infiltrate tumors, yet most melanoma patients fail to undergo tumor regression. We studied the differentiation of the CD8+ tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) from 44 metastatic melanoma patients using known T-cell differentiation markers. We also compared CD8+ TIL against the T cells from matched melanoma patients’ peripheral blood. We discovered a novel subset of CD8+ TIL co-expressing early-differentiation markers, CD27, CD28, and a late/senescent CTL differentiation marker, CD57. This CD8+CD57+ TIL expressed a cytolytic enzyme, granzyme B (GB), yet did not express another cytolytic pore-forming molecule, perforin (Perf). In …


Is Dapsone Gel Safe And Effective For The Treatment Of Acne Vulgaris?, Amy Patel 2013 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Is Dapsone Gel Safe And Effective For The Treatment Of Acne Vulgaris?, Amy Patel

PCOM Physician Assistant Studies Student Scholarship

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this selective EBM review is to determine whether or not dapsone gel is safe and effective for the treatment of acne vulgaris.

STUDY DESIGN: A review of three English language studies published in 2007. Includes two randomized, double-blind, controlled trials and one open label, noncomparative study. DATA SOURCES: Randomized, controlled trials comparing dapsone gel to vehicle gel control were found using PubMed and Cochrane database.

OUTCOMES MEASURED: Success on the Global Acne Assessment Score (GAAS) and reduction in acne lesion counts

RESULTS: The two randomized, controlled trials and the open-label noncomparative study …


Skin Cancer - Education And Prevention: The Role Of Social Marketing, Tim Crowley 2013 Department of Management and Marketing, Cork Institute of Technology, Cork, Ireland.

Skin Cancer - Education And Prevention: The Role Of Social Marketing, Tim Crowley

Theses

Skin cancer is the most common cancer in Ireland and worldwide. Skin cancer rates have been steadily rising in recent times. The high use of sunbeds in both Ireland and the UK is quite worrisome. Skin cancer is caused by over exposure to UV rays or through the use of sunbeds and as a result it is actually a highly preventable disease. It is estimated that 90-95% of all skin cancers are preventable. This thesis focuses on the use of social marketing in order to educate people on the dangers of skin cancer with the eventual aim of making recommendations …


Merkel Cell Carcinoma, Cynthia L. Bartus MD, Steven Oberlender MD, PhD, Christian W. Oram DO 2013 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Merkel Cell Carcinoma, Cynthia L. Bartus Md, Steven Oberlender Md, Phd, Christian W. Oram Do

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Are Epidermal Barrier Defects Responsible For The Underlying Pathology Of Atopic Dermatitis?, Naomi Davis 2013 Touro College

Are Epidermal Barrier Defects Responsible For The Underlying Pathology Of Atopic Dermatitis?, Naomi Davis

The Science Journal of the Lander College of Arts and Sciences

Atopic dermatitis, often referred to as eczema, is a chronic inflammatory skin condition frequently seen in young children. It is a complex disease involving environmental factors, genetics and immune dysregulation. There is currently no cure with conflicting opinions from physicians regarding treatment and management. A clearer understanding of pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis can hopefully lead to new and improved treatment options for patients. Current evidence seems to support epidermal skin barrier defects as the cause of this disease. This paper seeks to investigate if this out-in hypothesis can be responsible as the sole pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis. To write this …


Expression And Function Of Hypoxia Inducible Factor-1 Alpha In Human Melanoma Under Non-Hypoxic Conditions, Caroline N. Mills, Sandeep S. Joshi, Richard M. Niles 2012 Marshall University

Expression And Function Of Hypoxia Inducible Factor-1 Alpha In Human Melanoma Under Non-Hypoxic Conditions, Caroline N. Mills, Sandeep S. Joshi, Richard M. Niles

Richard M. Niles

Background Hypoxia inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α) protein is rapidly degraded under normoxic conditions. When oxygen tensions fall HIF-1α protein stabilizes and transactivates genes involved in adaptation to hypoxic conditions. We have examined the normoxic expression of HIF-1α RNA and protein in normal human melanocytes and a series of human melanoma cell lines isolated from radial growth phase (RGP), vertical growth phase (VGP) and metastatic (MET) melanomas. Results HIF-1α mRNA and protein was increased in RGP vs melanocytes, VGP vs RGP and MET vs VGP melanoma cell lines. We also detected expression of a HIF-1α mRNA splice variant that lacks part …


Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor (Mpnst): An Overview With Emphasis On Pathology, Imaging And Management Strategies., Timothy C. Beer 2012 Thomas Jefferson University

Malignant Peripheral Nerve Sheath Tumor (Mpnst): An Overview With Emphasis On Pathology, Imaging And Management Strategies., Timothy C. Beer

Timothy C Beer

MPNSTs are rare malignancies that are classically associated with pre-existing plexiform neurofibromas in neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1) patients, but also occur in association with radiation as well as sporadically in patients with no known risk factors. The typical presentation of sporadic MPNST is a new painless enlarging mass. The typical presentation of MPNST in an NF-1 patient is rapid enlargement or new onset of pain associated with a pre-existing plexiform neurofibroma. Although both MPNST and benign neurofibromas share in common the absence of neurofibromin function due to loss of both NF-1 alleles, malignant transformation to MPNST requires several additional aberrations, …


Analysis Of The Effects And Current Treatments Of Laminin Deficiency, Joshua Mark Reynolds 2012 Liberty University

Analysis Of The Effects And Current Treatments Of Laminin Deficiency, Joshua Mark Reynolds

Senior Honors Theses

Laminin (LM) is a network of proteins that functions as a connective framework of most cells in the body. It is composed of multiple different subunits and therefore has many different variations. It is a trimeric protein, meaning that it is composed primarily of ⍺, β, and γ chains. The differentiation of these subunits is what gives the different variants their functions. In addition, although LM is the primary molecule in scope, the network of other connective proteins involved in LM-associated diseases will also be covered in lesser detail because molecules like dystrophin, dystroglycan, collagen, and integrin are vital to …


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