A New Look At Quantifying Tobacco Exposure During Pregnancy Using Fuzzy Clustering, 2011 University of Massachusetts Medical School
A New Look At Quantifying Tobacco Exposure During Pregnancy Using Fuzzy Clustering, Hua Fang, Craig Johnson, Christian Stopp, Kimberly Andrews Espy
Population and Quantitative Health Sciences Publications
BACKGROUND: Prenatal tobacco exposure is a risk factor for the development of externalizing behaviors and is associated with several adverse health outcomes. Because pregnancy smoking is a complex behavior with both daily fluctuations and changes over the course of pregnancy, quantifying tobacco exposure is a significant challenge. To better measure the degree of tobacco exposure, costly biological specimens and repeated self-report measures of smoking typically are collected throughout pregnancy. With such designs, there are multiple, and substantially correlated, indices that can be integrated via new statistical methods to identify patterns of prenatal exposure.
METHOD: A multiple-imputation-based fuzzy clustering technique was ...
Use Of Do-Not-Resuscitate Orders In Patients With Kidney Disease Hospitalized With Acute Myocardial Infarction, Joline Chen, Jonathan Sosnov, Darleen Lessard, Jorge Yarzebski, Joel Gore, Robert Goldberg
Jorge L. Yarzebski
BACKGROUND: Patients with kidney disease are at increased risk for adverse health outcomes in comparison to patients without kidney disease. Therefore, patients with kidney disease may have greater use of do-not-resuscitate (DNR) orders than patients without kidney disease in the setting of an acute illness. We examined the association between advanced kidney disease and use of DNR orders in patients admitted with an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) to all greater Worcester, MA, hospitals as part of an epidemiological study.
METHODS: Use of DNR orders in 4,033 Worcester residents hospitalized with AMI at 11 greater Worcester medical centers during 1997 ...
Factors Associated With Subjective Improvement Following Midurethral Sling Procedures For Stress Urinary Incontinence: A Masters Thesis, 2010 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Factors Associated With Subjective Improvement Following Midurethral Sling Procedures For Stress Urinary Incontinence: A Masters Thesis, Emily Elise Weber Lebrun
GSBS Dissertations and Theses
Female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) greatly affects quality of life. The midurethal sling (MUS) procedure has been widely accepted as the standard of care treatment for SUI, although there is little information regarding patients' subjective reports of symptom improvement.
The objective of this study was to identify clinical and demographic characteristics that predict subjective symptom improvement following MUS procedures in women with SUI.
Materials and Methods
The study design was retrospective cohort. Subjects included women who underwent MUS between 2006 and 2008, returned mailed surveys and met our predefined inclusion criteria. Pre-operative data included demographics, prior surgery, co-morbid ...
Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections In Females, 2010 Aga Khan University
Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections In Females, Raheela Mohsin Rizvi, Khurram Mutahir Siddiqui
Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Uncomplicated Urinary tract infections are common in adult women across the entire age spectrum, with mean annual incidence of 15% and 10% in those aged 15-39 and 40-79 years, respectively. Urinary tract infection (UTI), with its diverse clinical syndromes and affected host groups, remains one of the most common but widejly misunderstood and challenging infectious diseases encountered in clinical practice. Recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) present a significant problem for women and a challenge for the doctors who care for them. The diagnosis of uncomplicated UTI can be achieved best by a thorough assessment of patient symptoms with or without ...