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Endocrine System Diseases Commons

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447 full-text articles. Page 17 of 18.

Elsa-Brasil: Historico [In Portuguese], Paulo A. Lotufo 2011 Universidade de São Paulo

Elsa-Brasil: Historico [In Portuguese], Paulo A. Lotufo

Paulo A Lotufo

No abstract provided.


Vigilância Em Doença Cerebrovascular [Portuguese], Paulo A. Lotufo 2011 Universidade de São Paulo

Vigilância Em Doença Cerebrovascular [Portuguese], Paulo A. Lotufo

Paulo A Lotufo

No abstract provided.


Calcium-Mediated Mechanisms Of Cystic Expansion, Shakila Abdul-Majeed, Surya M. Nauli 2011 University of Toledo

Calcium-Mediated Mechanisms Of Cystic Expansion, Shakila Abdul-Majeed, Surya M. Nauli

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

In this review, we will discuss several well-accepted signaling pathways toward calcium-mediated mechanisms of cystic expansion. The second messenger calcium ion has contributed to a vast diversity of signal transduction pathways. We will dissect calcium signaling as a possible mechanism that contributes to renal cyst formation. Because cytosolic calcium also regulates an array of signaling pathways, we will first discuss cilia-induced calcium fluxes, followed by Wnt signaling that has attributed to much-discussed planar cell polarity. We will then look at the relationship between cytosolic calcium and cAMP as one of the most important aspects of cyst progression. The signaling of ...


Frequency Of Silent Myocardial Ischaemia In Diabetics: A Single Centre Study, Adil Sheikh, Syed Shah Faisal, Abdul Jabbar 2011 Aga Khan University

Frequency Of Silent Myocardial Ischaemia In Diabetics: A Single Centre Study, Adil Sheikh, Syed Shah Faisal, Abdul Jabbar

Section of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism

OBJECTIVE: To find the frequency of silent myocardial ischaemia in diabetics as compared to non-diabetics.

METHODS: This was a cross sectional study conducted between November 2008 and March 2010. Two hundred subjects were recruited by convenience sampling after informed consent. All were subjected to an exercise stress test. Electrocardiographic changes were noted for silent Ischaemia Descriptive Statistics were applied for significance.

RESULT: Of the 200 subjects included in the study, 31 had diabetes and 1 69 were non-diabetics. The mean age was 46 +/- 10 years. Twenty eight subjects tested positive for silent ischaemia, of whom six were diabetics (19%) and ...


The Role Of Sonic Hedgehog In The Hypothalamus, Solsire E. Zevallos 2011 University of Pennsylvania

The Role Of Sonic Hedgehog In The Hypothalamus, Solsire E. Zevallos

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

ABSTRACT

THE REQUIREMENT OF SONIC HEDGEHOG IN THE HYPOTHALAMUS

Solsire E. Zevallos

Douglas J. Epstein

Sonic hedgehog (Shh) is a morphogen secreted during early development that is required for the formation of the ventral neural tube, including the ventral forebrain. The prechordal source of Shh underlying the forebrain is required early to bifurcate the cerebral hemispheres and eye vesicles as well as to specify a rostroventral forebrain region, the hypothalamus. We hypothesized that Shh expressed later in the hypothalamus may be required for other known functions of Shh, such as patterning within a region, cell proliferation, cell specification, and axon ...


Multiple Protein Kinases Determine The Phosphorylated State Of The Small Heat Shock Protein, Hsp27, In Sh-Sy5y Neuroblastoma Cells, Linda A. Dokas, Amy M. Malone, Frederick E. Williams, Surya M. Nauli, William S. Messer Jr. 2011 University of Toledo

Multiple Protein Kinases Determine The Phosphorylated State Of The Small Heat Shock Protein, Hsp27, In Sh-Sy5y Neuroblastoma Cells, Linda A. Dokas, Amy M. Malone, Frederick E. Williams, Surya M. Nauli, William S. Messer Jr.

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

In SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells, the cholinergic agonist, carbachol, stimulates phosphorylation of the small heat shock protein 27 (HSP27). Carbachol increases phosphorylation of both Ser-82 and Ser-78 while the phorbol ester, phorbol-12, 13-dibutyrate (PDB) affects only Ser-82. Muscarinic receptor activation by carbachol was confirmed by sensitivity of Ser-82 phosphorylation to hyoscyamine with no effect of nicotine or bradykinin. This response to carbachol is partially reduced by inhibition of protein kinase C (PKC) with GF 109203X and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) with SB 203580. In contrast, phosphorylation produced by PDB is completely reversed by GF 109203X or CID 755673, an ...


Gene Expression Profiling Of Islet Cell Subtypes, David M. Blodgett, Susanne Pechhold, Klaus Pechhold, David Harlan 2011 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Gene Expression Profiling Of Islet Cell Subtypes, David M. Blodgett, Susanne Pechhold, Klaus Pechhold, David Harlan

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Research Retreat

Abstract

Pancreatic endocrine cells are co-located into clusters called the islets of Langerhans that are comprised of glucagon producing alpha cells, insulin secreting beta cells, somatostatin generating delta cells, and other cell types. Type 1 diabetes results from an autoimmune process in which autoreactive T cells destroy the insulin producing beta cells, requiring the patient to inject insulin to regulate their blood glucose levels. Thus far, attempts to cure diabetes via islet transplantation have been limited by insufficient donor supply, inconsistent isolated islet quality, continued autoimmunity, alloimmune rejection, and limited beta cell regeneration. Diabetes research has focused on preventing the ...


Strategies To Reduce Disease Burden From Diabetes And Hypertension In Developing World, Waris Qidwai 2011 Aga Khan University

Strategies To Reduce Disease Burden From Diabetes And Hypertension In Developing World, Waris Qidwai

Department of Family Medicine

No abstract provided.


Effect Of Screening And Management Of Diabetes During Pregnancy On Stillbirths, Madiha Syed, Hasan Javed, Mohammad Yawar Yakoob, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta 2011 Aga Khan University

Effect Of Screening And Management Of Diabetes During Pregnancy On Stillbirths, Madiha Syed, Hasan Javed, Mohammad Yawar Yakoob, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

Woman and Child Health

Background:Diabetes during pregnancy is associated with significant risk of complications to the mother, fetus and newborn. We reviewed the potential impact of early detection and control of diabetes mellitus during pregnancy on stillbirths for possible inclusion in the Lives Saved Tool (LiST).

Methods:

A systematic literature search up to July 2010 was done to identify all published randomized controlled trials and observational studies. A standardized data abstraction sheet was employed and data were abstracted by two independent authors. Meta-analyses were performed with different sub-group analyses. The analyses were graded according to the CHERG rules using the adapted GRADE criteria ...


Can We Stop The Stroke Epidemic In Pakistan?, Ismail A. Khatri, Mohammad Wasay 2011 Shifa International Hospital

Can We Stop The Stroke Epidemic In Pakistan?, Ismail A. Khatri, Mohammad Wasay

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Diabetic Ketoacidosis Associated With Tacrolimus In Solid Organ Transplant Recipients, Muhammad Qamar Masood, Madiha Rabbani, Wasim Jafri, Manal Habib, Taimur Saleem 2011 Aga Khan University

Diabetic Ketoacidosis Associated With Tacrolimus In Solid Organ Transplant Recipients, Muhammad Qamar Masood, Madiha Rabbani, Wasim Jafri, Manal Habib, Taimur Saleem

Section of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism

Diabetic ketoacidosis in patients receiving tacrolimus in the post-transplant setting is rare. We describe two such cases in solid-organ transplant recipients. The first patient, a 17-year-old male, presented with severe diabetic ketoacidosis and was managed with intravenous fluids and insulin infusion. He was a known case of Laurence-Moon-Bardet-Biedl syndrome and had received a renal transplant 2 years ago and was receiving tacrolimus since then. Although diabetic ketoacidosis resolved in 24 hours, large doses of subcutaneous insulin (upto 130 units per day) were needed to keep serum glucose within the normal range. Substitution of tacrolimus with cyclosporine obviated the need for ...


Spurious Hyperkalaemia: An Insight, Khawaja Salman Zaki, Uzma Majid, Najmul Islam 2011 Aga Khan University

Spurious Hyperkalaemia: An Insight, Khawaja Salman Zaki, Uzma Majid, Najmul Islam

Section of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism

Hyperkalaemia is a common electrolyte disorder with potentially lethal consequences and can lead to life-threatening cardiac dysrhythmias. Spurious hyperkalaemia, also known as pseudohyperkalaemia or factitious hyperkalaemiais, is also quite common in clinical practice and it's a source of avoidable emergency department visits or hospital admissions. We report a case in which alarming hyperkalaemia was found in a patient having Chronic Monomyelocytic Leukaemia on two different occasions, later diagnosed to be spurious.


Prevalence Of Thyroid Disorders Among Older People: Results From The São Paulo Ageing & Health Study, Paulo A. Lotufo 2011 Universidade de São Paulo

Prevalence Of Thyroid Disorders Among Older People: Results From The São Paulo Ageing & Health Study, Paulo A. Lotufo

Paulo A Lotufo

This study aimed to estimate prevalence of thyroid disorders in the São Paulo Ageing & Health Study, an epidemiological study addressing several health-adverse outcomes among elderly people living in a poor area of São Paulo, Brazil. All participants answered a questionnaire and had a blood sample collected to assess levels of tireotropic hormone and free-thyroxine. Among 1,373 people (60.8% women), prevalence rates (95% confidence interval) for thyroid dysfunction (%) were: overt hyperthyroidism, 0.7% (0.2-1.1) [women: 0.8% (0.2-1.5); men: 0.4% (0.01-0.9)]; overt hypothyroidism, 5.7% (4.5-6.9) [women: 5.9% (4.3-7.5); men: 5.4% (3.5-7.3)]; subclinical hyperthyroidism, 2.4% (1.6-3.2) [women: 2.8% (1.6-3.9); men: 1.9% (0.7-3.0)]; and subclinical hypothyroidism, 6.5% (5.2-7.8) [women: 6.7% (5.0- 8.4); men: 6.1% (4.1-8.2)]. There was no difference in prevalence rates according to gender, but almost 40% of women were diagnosed and under treatment compared ...


Energy Webs And Nursing Praxis: Patterning In The Lived Experience Of Type 2 Diabetes, Karen Marcus Glasenapp 2010 St. Catherine University

Energy Webs And Nursing Praxis: Patterning In The Lived Experience Of Type 2 Diabetes, Karen Marcus Glasenapp

Doctor of Nursing Practice Systems Change Projects

Diabetes is an illness best described as costly, complex, chronic, and epidemic in the United States, affecting nearly 24 million children and adults; 90% of who have type 2 diabetes (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2008). On average, every 20 seconds in the United States, an individual 20 years of age and older receives a diagnosis of diabetes; yet, an estimated 6 million people with the disease remain undiagnosed (American Diabetes Association, 2010b). The financial burden of this disease, the inconsistent effectiveness of well-intentioned diabetes programs to educate and actualize change behavior, and the limited resources of millions of ...


Clinician Driven Disparities In The Care Of Black/African American Patients With Diabetes: Low Density Lipoproteins In An Urban Clinic, Louise Carter Winter 2010 St. Catherine University

Clinician Driven Disparities In The Care Of Black/African American Patients With Diabetes: Low Density Lipoproteins In An Urban Clinic, Louise Carter Winter

Doctor of Nursing Practice Systems Change Projects

This quantitative, non-experimental, retrospective chart review investigated the possible presence of clinician driven disparities in the care of Black/African American patients with diabetes at an urban clinic. The study was a response to the Institute of Medicine’s call to address patient, system, and clinician issues that negatively impact management of patients with chronic diseases including diabetes. The goal is to improve patient outcomes using system wide care guidelines to increase success at meeting the nationally accepted Diabetes 5 (D5) measures. During a twelve month period, clinician response to elevated low density lipoproteins (LDLs) was assessed while considering patient ...


Self-Glucose Monitoring And Glycaemic Control At A Tertiary Care University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan, Khurshid Khowaja, Humaira Waheed 2010 Aga Khan University

Self-Glucose Monitoring And Glycaemic Control At A Tertiary Care University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan, Khurshid Khowaja, Humaira Waheed

Section of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism

OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between Self Monitoring of Blood Glucose (SMBG) levels and improved glycemic control (HbA1c level) among type 2 diabetic patients, receiving oral hypoglycaemic agents and insulin, and to ascertain the factors influencing SMBG.

METHOD: Using Comparative cross sectional study design five hundred Type 2 diabetes patients through convenient sampling between 30-70 years were interviewed through a structured questionnaire in year 2006 and 2007 at AKUH Ambulatory setting. These 500 subjects were divided as 250 in case (doing SMBG) and 250 in control (not doing SMBG) groups.

RESULTS: We identified that HbA1c value was maintained at good ...


Pufa And Vitamin D And Type 2 Diabetes Inflammatory Markers, Paulo A. Lotufo 2010 Universidade de São Paulo

Pufa And Vitamin D And Type 2 Diabetes Inflammatory Markers, Paulo A. Lotufo

Paulo A Lotufo

No abstract provided.


Imminent Epidemic Of Diabetes Mellitus In Pakistan: Issues And Challenges For Health Care Providers, Waris Qidwai, Tabinda Ashfaq 2010 Aga Khan University

Imminent Epidemic Of Diabetes Mellitus In Pakistan: Issues And Challenges For Health Care Providers, Waris Qidwai, Tabinda Ashfaq

Department of Family Medicine

No abstract provided.


Acl And Knee Injury Prevention Programs For Young Athletes: Do They Work?, K. Shea, N. Grimm, Shawn Simonson, J. Jacobs 2010 Boise State University

Acl And Knee Injury Prevention Programs For Young Athletes: Do They Work?, K. Shea, N. Grimm, Shawn Simonson, J. Jacobs

Shawn R. Simonson

No abstract provided.


Socioeconomic Status And Coronary Heart Disease Mortality In The City Of Sao Paulo, Brazil (1996 To 2007), Paulo A. Lotufo 2010 Universidade de São Paulo

Socioeconomic Status And Coronary Heart Disease Mortality In The City Of Sao Paulo, Brazil (1996 To 2007), Paulo A. Lotufo

Paulo A Lotufo

No abstract provided.


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