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Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities Commons

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309 full-text articles. Page 4 of 13.

The World Database For Pediatric And Congenital Heart Surgery: The Dawn Of A New Era Of Global Communication And Quality Improvement In Congenital Heart Disease., James D St Louis, Hiromi Kurosawa, Richard A Jonas, Nestor Sandoval, Jorge Cervantes, Christo I Tchervenkov, Jeffery P Jacobs, Kisaburo Sakamoto, Giovanni Stellin, James K Kirklin 2017 George Washington University

The World Database For Pediatric And Congenital Heart Surgery: The Dawn Of A New Era Of Global Communication And Quality Improvement In Congenital Heart Disease., James D St Louis, Hiromi Kurosawa, Richard A Jonas, Nestor Sandoval, Jorge Cervantes, Christo I Tchervenkov, Jeffery P Jacobs, Kisaburo Sakamoto, Giovanni Stellin, James K Kirklin

Surgery Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Interventions To Reduce Neonatal Mortality From Neonatal Tetanus In Low And Middle Income Countries - A Systematic Review, Adeel Ahmed Khan, Aysha Zahidie, F. Rabbani 2017 Aga Khan University

Interventions To Reduce Neonatal Mortality From Neonatal Tetanus In Low And Middle Income Countries - A Systematic Review, Adeel Ahmed Khan, Aysha Zahidie, F. Rabbani

Fauziah Rabbani

Background In 1988, WHO estimated around 787,000 newborns deaths due to neonatal tetanus. Despite few success stories majority of the Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs) are still struggling to reduce neonatal mortality due to neonatal tetanus. We conducted a systematic review to understand the interventions that have had a substantial effect on reducing neonatal mortality rate due to neonatal tetanus in LMICs and come up with feasible recommendations for decreasing neonatal tetanus in the Pakistani setting. Methods We systemically reviewed the published literature (Pubmed and Pubget databases) to identify appropriate interventions for reducing tetanus related neonatal mortality. A ...


The Effects Of Perinatal Oxycodone Exposure On Behavioral Outcome In A Rodent Model, Thitinart Sithisarn, Sandra J. Legan, Philip M. Westgate, Melinda E. Wilson, Kristen Wellmann, Henrietta S. Bada, Susan Barron 2017 University of Kentucky

The Effects Of Perinatal Oxycodone Exposure On Behavioral Outcome In A Rodent Model, Thitinart Sithisarn, Sandra J. Legan, Philip M. Westgate, Melinda E. Wilson, Kristen Wellmann, Henrietta S. Bada, Susan Barron

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Opiate addiction is now a major public health problem. Perinatal insults and exposure to opiates such as morphine in utero are well known to affect development of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis of the offspring adversely and are associated with a higher risk of developing neurobehavioral problems. Oxycodone is now one of the most frequently abused pain killers during pregnancy; however, limited data are available regarding whether and how perinatal oxycodone exposure (POE) alters neurobehavioral outcomes of the offspring. We demonstrated that exposure to 0.5 mg/kg/day oxycodone in utero was associated with hyperactivity in adult rats in ...


Histone Deacetylase 1 And 2 Are Essential For Murine Neural Crest Proliferation, Pharyngeal Arch Development And Craniofacial Morphogenesis., Zachary J. Milstone, Grace Lawson, Chinmay M. Trivedi 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Histone Deacetylase 1 And 2 Are Essential For Murine Neural Crest Proliferation, Pharyngeal Arch Development And Craniofacial Morphogenesis., Zachary J. Milstone, Grace Lawson, Chinmay M. Trivedi

GSBS Student Publications

BACKGROUND: Craniofacial anomalies involve defective pharyngeal arch development and neural crest function. Copy number variation at 1p35, containing histone deacetylase 1 (Hdac1), or 6q21-22, containing Hdac2, are implicated in patients with craniofacial defects, suggesting an important role in guiding neural crest development. However, the roles of Hdac1 and Hdac2 within neural crest cells remain unknown.

RESULTS: The neural crest and its derivatives express both Hdac1 and Hdac2 during early murine development. Ablation of Hdac1 and Hdac2 within murine neural crest progenitor cells cause severe hemorrhage, atrophic pharyngeal arches, defective head morphogenesis, and complete embryonic lethality. Embryos lacking Hdac1 and Hdac2 ...


Characterization Of Hemangioma-Initiating Stem Cells, Natalie Montwill 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Characterization Of Hemangioma-Initiating Stem Cells, Natalie Montwill

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Infantile hemangioma (IH) is the most common vascular tumour of infancy. IH undergoes a unique life cycle consisting of robust endothelial cell proliferation and vessel formation in the proliferating phase, followed by spontaneous regression in the involuting phase. Our laboratory has shown that IH arises from multipotential stem cells termed hemangioma stem cells (HemSCs). However, the phenotype of HemSCs has not been fully elucidated. Here, I examined HemSCs and compared these lesion-derived cells to a panel of normal counterparts. My results show that HemSCs share similar gene expression profiles with human fetal liver-derived stem cells (FLSCs) and postnatal bone marrow ...


Effect Of Provision Of Home-Based Curative Health Services By Public Sector Health-Care Providers On Neonatal Survival: A Community-Based Cluster-Randomised Trial In Rural Pakistan, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Simon Cousens, Ali Turab, Yaqub Wasan, Shah Mohammed, Shabina Arif, Zaid Ahmad Bhatti, Imran Ahmed, Steve Wall, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta 2017 Aga Khan University

Effect Of Provision Of Home-Based Curative Health Services By Public Sector Health-Care Providers On Neonatal Survival: A Community-Based Cluster-Randomised Trial In Rural Pakistan, Sajid Bashir Soofi, Simon Cousens, Ali Turab, Yaqub Wasan, Shah Mohammed, Shabina Arif, Zaid Ahmad Bhatti, Imran Ahmed, Steve Wall, Zulfiqar Ahmed Bhutta

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Background : Although the effectiveness of community mobilisation and promotive care delivered by community health workers in reducing perinatal and neonatal mortality is well established, evidence in support of home-based neonatal resuscitation and infection management is mixed. We assessed the effectiveness of adding training in neonatal bag and mask resuscitation and oral antibiotic therapy for suspected neonatal infections to a basic preventive and promotive interventions package delivered by public sector community-based lady health workers (LHWs) in rural Pakistan.

Methods: We did a cluster-randomised controlled trial in two subdistricts of Naushahro Feroze in rural Sindh, Pakistan, between April 15, 2009, and Dec ...


(Ccug)N Rna Toxicity In A Drosophila Model Of Myotonic Dystrophy Type 2 (Dm2) Activates Apoptosis, Vildan Betul Yenigun, Mario Sirito, Alla Amcheslavsky, Tomek Czernuszewicz, Jordi Colonques-Bellmunt, Irma Garcia-Alcover, Marzena Wojciechowska, Clare Bolduc, Zhihong Chen, Arturo Lopez Castel, Ralf Krahe, Andreas Bergmann 2017 University of Texas

(Ccug)N Rna Toxicity In A Drosophila Model Of Myotonic Dystrophy Type 2 (Dm2) Activates Apoptosis, Vildan Betul Yenigun, Mario Sirito, Alla Amcheslavsky, Tomek Czernuszewicz, Jordi Colonques-Bellmunt, Irma Garcia-Alcover, Marzena Wojciechowska, Clare Bolduc, Zhihong Chen, Arturo Lopez Castel, Ralf Krahe, Andreas Bergmann

Open Access Articles

The myotonic dystrophies are prototypic toxic RNA gain-of-function diseases. Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) and type 2 (DM2) are caused by different unstable, noncoding microsatellite repeat expansions - (CTG)DM1 in DMPK and (CCTG)DM2 in CNBP Although transcription of mutant repeats into (CUG)DM1 or (CCUG)DM2 appears to be necessary and sufficient to cause disease, their pathomechanisms remain incompletely understood. To study the mechanisms of (CCUG)DM2 toxicity and develop a convenient model for drug screening, we generated a transgenic DM2 model in the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster with (CCUG)n repeats of variable length (n=16 and 106 ...


Expression Profiling Of Non-Coding Rna By Environmental Interactions In Innate Immunity, Jacob R. Longfellow 2017 University of Maine

Expression Profiling Of Non-Coding Rna By Environmental Interactions In Innate Immunity, Jacob R. Longfellow

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disorder that affects 30,000 people in the United States and currently has no cure. Although CF affects all of the body’s systems, it is largely characterized as a lung disease. CF is caused by a mutation in both copies of the gene for cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). A mutation in the CFTR gene leads to improper movement of chloride ions and water into the airways, which dysregulates the airway surface liquid volume and composition. Individuals with CF are prone to lung infections due to inefficient bacterial clearance and by the ...


Risk Of Respiratory Syncytial Virus Hospitalization In The First And Second Years Of Life In Pediatric Patients With Congenital Heart Disease, Deborah Friedman, Pierre Wong 2017 New York Medical College

Risk Of Respiratory Syncytial Virus Hospitalization In The First And Second Years Of Life In Pediatric Patients With Congenital Heart Disease, Deborah Friedman, Pierre Wong

NYMC Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Sustained Immune Tolerance Induction In Enzyme Replacement Therapy-Treated Crim-Negative Patients With Infantile Pompe Disease, Z Kazi, A Desai, K Berrier, R Troxler, R Wang, O Abdul-Rahman, P Tanpaiboon, N Mendelsohn, E Herskovitz, David Kronn, M Inbar-Feigenberg, C Ward-Melver, M Polan, P Gupta, A Rosenberg, P Kishnani 2017 New York Medical College

Sustained Immune Tolerance Induction In Enzyme Replacement Therapy-Treated Crim-Negative Patients With Infantile Pompe Disease, Z Kazi, A Desai, K Berrier, R Troxler, R Wang, O Abdul-Rahman, P Tanpaiboon, N Mendelsohn, E Herskovitz, David Kronn, M Inbar-Feigenberg, C Ward-Melver, M Polan, P Gupta, A Rosenberg, P Kishnani

NYMC Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Cross-reactive immunological material-negative (CRIM-negative) infantile Pompe disease (IPD) patients develop an immune response against enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) with alglucosidase alfa that nullifies ERT efficacy. Prophylactic immune tolerance induction (ITI) with rituximab, methotrexate, and IVIG successfully prevents development of deleterious rhGAA IgG antibodies; however, safety, likelihood of success, and long-term efficacy of ITI in a larger cohort remain unknown. METHODS: Clinical data were analyzed for 19 CRIM-negative IPD patients who received ITI with rituximab, methotrexate, and IVIG in the ERT-naive setting (ERT+ITI) and compared to a historical cohort of 10 CRIM-negative IPD patients on ERT monotherapy. RESULTS: ITI ...


The Lysosomal Protein Cathepsin L Is A Progranulin Protease, Chris W. Lee, Jeannette N. Stankowski, Jeannie Chew, Casey N. Cook, Ying-Wai Lam, Sandra Almeida, Yari Carlomagno, Kwok-Fai Lau, Mercedes Prudencio, Fen-Biao Gao, Matthew Bogyo, Dennis W. Dickson, Leonard Petrucelli 2017 Mayo Clinic

The Lysosomal Protein Cathepsin L Is A Progranulin Protease, Chris W. Lee, Jeannette N. Stankowski, Jeannie Chew, Casey N. Cook, Ying-Wai Lam, Sandra Almeida, Yari Carlomagno, Kwok-Fai Lau, Mercedes Prudencio, Fen-Biao Gao, Matthew Bogyo, Dennis W. Dickson, Leonard Petrucelli

Open Access Articles

Haploinsufficiency of GRN, the gene encoding progranulin (PGRN), causes frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD), the second most common cause of early-onset dementia. Receptor-mediated lysosomal targeting has been shown to regulate brain PGRN levels, and complete deficiency of PGRN is a direct cause of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (NCL), a lysosomal storage disease. Here we show that the lysosomal cysteine protease cathepsin L (Cat L) can mediate the proteolytic cleavage of intracellular PGRN into poly-granulin and granulin fragments. Further, PGRN and Cat L co-localize in lysosomes of HEK293 cells, iPSC-derived neurons and human cortical neurons from human postmortem tissue. These data identify Cat ...


Evolution Of The Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Muscle Gene Therapy: Translation From Clinical Trial To Benchtop And Back Again, Alisha M. Gruntman, Gwladys Gernoux, Gensheng Wang, Janet Benson, Jeff Chulay, Dave Knop, Christian Mueller, Terence R. Flotte 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Evolution Of The Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Muscle Gene Therapy: Translation From Clinical Trial To Benchtop And Back Again, Alisha M. Gruntman, Gwladys Gernoux, Gensheng Wang, Janet Benson, Jeff Chulay, Dave Knop, Christian Mueller, Terence R. Flotte

Christian Mueller

Alpha-one antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency is a genetic disease affecting the lungs due to inadequate anti-protease activity in the pulmonary interstitium. On-going human trials use intra-muscular delivery of adeno-associated virus (rAAV1), allowing expressing myofibers to secrete normal (M)AAT protein. In the Phase IIa trial, patients in the highest dose cohort (6x1012vg/kg) were given 100 intra-muscular (IM) injections of undiluted vector, with serum AAT levels still substantially below target levels. Previous work has shown that delivering rAAV vector to the musculature via limb perfusion leads to widespread gene expression in myofibers. We hypothesize that widespread delivery would result in an ...


Alternative Interventions For Children Coping With Chronic Conditions: A Critical Review Of The Literature, Nina M. Pelsi, Kim S. Amer 2017 DePaul University

Alternative Interventions For Children Coping With Chronic Conditions: A Critical Review Of The Literature, Nina M. Pelsi, Kim S. Amer

DePaul Discoveries

Reduction of stressors and anxiety levels in adolescents with chronic illnesses is a critical concept in pediatric health care in America today. The many stressors associated with chronic illness include displaying physical and mental differences, social stigma, financial difficulty, and family stress. These stressors may affect the adolescent’s ability to learn and cope in everyday life. The current research was a critical review of the literature examining studies done with adolescents coping with chronic diseases and illnesses. The aim was to analyze the most efficacious non-pharmacological methods for reducing stressors in adolescents with chronic illness. A critical review of ...


Brain Injury With Systemic Inflammation In Newborns With Congenital Heart Disease Undergoing Heart Surgery, R Pironkova, Joseph Giamelli, H Seiden, V Parnell, D Gruber, C Sison, K Ojamaa 2017 New York Medical College

Brain Injury With Systemic Inflammation In Newborns With Congenital Heart Disease Undergoing Heart Surgery, R Pironkova, Joseph Giamelli, H Seiden, V Parnell, D Gruber, C Sison, K Ojamaa

NYMC Faculty Publications

The potential role of systemic inflammation on brain injury in newborns with congenital heart disease (CHD) was assessed by measuring levels of central nervous system (CNS)-derived proteins in serum prior to and following cardiac surgery. A total of 23 newborns (gestational age, 39±1 weeks) with a diagnosis of CHD that required cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) were enrolled in the current study. Serum samples were collected immediately prior to surgery and 2, 24 and 48 h following CPB, and serum levels of phosphorylated neurofilament-heavy subunit (pNF-H), neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and S100B were analyzed. Systemic inflammation was assessed ...


Re-Tubularization Of Highly-Ischemic Anti-Mesenteric Border (Rehab): A Novel Bowel Preservation Technique In Complex Gastroschisis., Richard J. Hendrickson, Ashwini S. Poola, Katherine W. Gonzalez, Joel Lim, Tolulope A. Oyetunji 2017 Children's Mercy Hospital

Re-Tubularization Of Highly-Ischemic Anti-Mesenteric Border (Rehab): A Novel Bowel Preservation Technique In Complex Gastroschisis., Richard J. Hendrickson, Ashwini S. Poola, Katherine W. Gonzalez, Joel Lim, Tolulope A. Oyetunji

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Complex gastroschisis with bowel necrosis poses an operative challenge. Surgeons must weigh the decision between resection versus preservation of ischemic bowel. As one of the leading causes of short bowel syndrome, aggressive resection in complicated gastroschisis subjects children to prolonged dependence on parenteral nutrition and its attendant complications. Herein, we describe a novel technique aimed towards bowel preservation in complex gastroschisis patients with severe bowel ischemia with the ultimate goal for enteral autonomy.


Abnormal Dendritic Maturation Of Developing Cortical Neurons Exposed To Corticotropin Releasing Hormone (Crh): Insights Into Effects Of Prenatal Adversity?, Megan M. Curran, Curt A. Sandman, Elyssia Poggi Davis, Laura M. Glynn, Tallie Z. Baram 2017 University of California, Irvine

Abnormal Dendritic Maturation Of Developing Cortical Neurons Exposed To Corticotropin Releasing Hormone (Crh): Insights Into Effects Of Prenatal Adversity?, Megan M. Curran, Curt A. Sandman, Elyssia Poggi Davis, Laura M. Glynn, Tallie Z. Baram

Psychology Faculty Articles and Research

Corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH) produced by the hypothalamus initiates the hypothalamic- pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, which regulates the body's stress response. CRH levels typically are undetectable in human plasma, but during pregnancy the primate placenta synthesizes and releases large amounts of CRH into both maternal and fetal circulations. Notably, placental CRH synthesis increases in response to maternal stress signals. There is evidence that human fetal exposure to high concentrations of placental CRH is associated with behavioral consequences during infancy and into childhood, however the direct effects on of the peptide on the human brain are unknown. In this study, we ...


Validating Candidate Congenital Heart Disease Genes In Drosophila., Jun-Yi Zhu, Yulong Fu, Adam Richman, Zhe Han 2017 George Washington University

Validating Candidate Congenital Heart Disease Genes In Drosophila., Jun-Yi Zhu, Yulong Fu, Adam Richman, Zhe Han

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Genomic sequencing efforts can implicate large numbers of genes and de novo mutations as potential disease risk factors. A high throughput in vivo model system to validate candidate gene association with pathology is therefore useful. We present such a system employing Drosophila to validate candidate congenital heart disease (CHD) genes. The protocols exploit comprehensive libraries of UAS-GeneX-RNAi fly strains that when crossed into a 4×Hand-Gal4 genetic background afford highly efficient cardiac-specific knockdown of endogenous fly orthologs of human genes. A panel of quantitative assays evaluates phenotypic severity across multiple cardiac parameters. These include developmental lethality, larva and adult heart ...


5 Year Expression And Neutrophil Defect Repair After Gene Therapy In Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency, Christian Mueller, Gwladys Gernoux, Alisha M. Gruntman, Florie Borel, Emer P. Reeves, Roberto Calcedo, Farshid N. Rouhani, Anthony Yachnis, Margaret Humphries, Martha Campbell-Thompson, Louis M. Messina, Jeffrey D. Chulay, Bruce Trapnell, James M. Wilson, Noel G. McElvaney, Terence R. Flotte 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

5 Year Expression And Neutrophil Defect Repair After Gene Therapy In Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency, Christian Mueller, Gwladys Gernoux, Alisha M. Gruntman, Florie Borel, Emer P. Reeves, Roberto Calcedo, Farshid N. Rouhani, Anthony Yachnis, Margaret Humphries, Martha Campbell-Thompson, Louis M. Messina, Jeffrey D. Chulay, Bruce Trapnell, James M. Wilson, Noel G. Mcelvaney, Terence R. Flotte

Christian Mueller

Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is a monogenic disorder resulting in emphysema due principally to the unopposed effects of neutrophil elastase. We previously reported achieving plasma wild-type alpha-1 antitrypsin concentrations at 2.5%-3.8% of the purported therapeutic level at 1 year after a single intramuscular administration of recombinant adeno-associated virus serotype 1 alpha-1 antitrypsin vector in alpha-1 antitrypsin deficient patients. We analyzed blood and muscle for alpha-1 antitrypsin expression and immune cell response. We also assayed previously reported markers of neutrophil function known to be altered in alpha-1 antitrypsin deficient patients. Here, we report sustained expression at 2.0%-2 ...


5 Year Expression And Neutrophil Defect Repair After Gene Therapy In Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency, Christian Mueller, Gwladys Gernoux, Alisha M. Gruntman, Florie Borel, Emer P. Reeves, Roberto Calcedo, Farshid N. Rouhani, Anthony Yachnis, Margaret Humphries, Martha Campbell-Thompson, Louis M. Messina, Jeffrey D. Chulay, Bruce Trapnell, James M. Wilson, Noel G. McElvaney, Terence R. Flotte 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

5 Year Expression And Neutrophil Defect Repair After Gene Therapy In Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency, Christian Mueller, Gwladys Gernoux, Alisha M. Gruntman, Florie Borel, Emer P. Reeves, Roberto Calcedo, Farshid N. Rouhani, Anthony Yachnis, Margaret Humphries, Martha Campbell-Thompson, Louis M. Messina, Jeffrey D. Chulay, Bruce Trapnell, James M. Wilson, Noel G. Mcelvaney, Terence R. Flotte

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency is a monogenic disorder resulting in emphysema due principally to the unopposed effects of neutrophil elastase. We previously reported achieving plasma wild-type alpha-1 antitrypsin concentrations at 2.5%-3.8% of the purported therapeutic level at 1 year after a single intramuscular administration of recombinant adeno-associated virus serotype 1 alpha-1 antitrypsin vector in alpha-1 antitrypsin deficient patients. We analyzed blood and muscle for alpha-1 antitrypsin expression and immune cell response. We also assayed previously reported markers of neutrophil function known to be altered in alpha-1 antitrypsin deficient patients. Here, we report sustained expression at 2.0%-2 ...


Super-Resolution Microscopy Reveals That Disruption Of Ciliary Transition Zone Architecture Is A Cause Of Joubert Syndrome, Xiaoyu Shi, Galo Garcia III, Julie C. Van De Weghe, University of California, San Francisco, Gregory J. Pazour, Dan Doherty, Bo Huang, Jeremy F. Reiter 2017 University of California, San Francisco

Super-Resolution Microscopy Reveals That Disruption Of Ciliary Transition Zone Architecture Is A Cause Of Joubert Syndrome, Xiaoyu Shi, Galo Garcia Iii, Julie C. Van De Weghe, University Of California, San Francisco, Gregory J. Pazour, Dan Doherty, Bo Huang, Jeremy F. Reiter

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Diverse human ciliopathies, including nephronophthisis (NPHP), Meckel syndrome (MKS) and Joubert syndrome (JBTS), can be caused by mutations affecting components of the transition zone, a ciliary domain near its base. The transition zone controls the protein composition of the ciliary membrane, but how it does so is unclear. To better understand the transition zone and its connection to ciliopathies, we defined the arrangement of key proteins in the transition zone using two-color stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (STORM). This mapping revealed that NPHP and MKS complex components form nested rings comprised of nine-fold doublets. The NPHP complex component RPGRIP1L forms a ...


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