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Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities Commons

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All Articles in Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities

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Implementing Lean Daily Management System To Improve Cvor First Case On-Time Starts, Haley Borchers, Kelly Fehlhafer, Barbara Mueller, Jessica Nichols, Sarah Talken, Mary Hunter, Kenneth Sam 2018 Children's Mercy Hospital

Implementing Lean Daily Management System To Improve Cvor First Case On-Time Starts, Haley Borchers, Kelly Fehlhafer, Barbara Mueller, Jessica Nichols, Sarah Talken, Mary Hunter, Kenneth Sam

Posters

No abstract provided.


Improving Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccination In Children With Cystic Fibrosis, Adam Van Mason, Wendy Estrellado-Cruz, Kristi Williams, Ellen Meier, Elizabeth Elson, Stephanie Duehlmeyer, Paula Capel, Jessica Banks, Christopher M. Oermann 2018 Children's Mercy Hospital

Improving Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccination In Children With Cystic Fibrosis, Adam Van Mason, Wendy Estrellado-Cruz, Kristi Williams, Ellen Meier, Elizabeth Elson, Stephanie Duehlmeyer, Paula Capel, Jessica Banks, Christopher M. Oermann

Posters

No abstract provided.


Sustainability And Outcomes Of A Standardized Aminoglycoside Induced Ototoxicity Monitoring Algorithm, Claire Elson, Christopher M. Oermann, Michelle Weltman, Ellen Meier 2018 Children's Mercy Hospital

Sustainability And Outcomes Of A Standardized Aminoglycoside Induced Ototoxicity Monitoring Algorithm, Claire Elson, Christopher M. Oermann, Michelle Weltman, Ellen Meier

Posters

No abstract provided.


Medication Timeliness In Emergency Department In Pediatric Sickle Cell Disease Population Presenting With Vaso-Occlusive Episode, Derrick Goubeaux, Kaitlyn Hoch, Gerald Woods, Julie Routhieaux, Maureen Guignon, Valerie McDougall Kestner 2018 Children's Mercy Hospital

Medication Timeliness In Emergency Department In Pediatric Sickle Cell Disease Population Presenting With Vaso-Occlusive Episode, Derrick Goubeaux, Kaitlyn Hoch, Gerald Woods, Julie Routhieaux, Maureen Guignon, Valerie Mcdougall Kestner

Posters

No abstract provided.


Aberrant Brain Functional Connectivity In Newborns With Congenital Heart Disease Before Cardiac Surgery, Josepheen De Asis-Cruz, Mary T. Donofrio, Gilbert Vezina, Catherine Limperopoulos 2018 George Washington University

Aberrant Brain Functional Connectivity In Newborns With Congenital Heart Disease Before Cardiac Surgery, Josepheen De Asis-Cruz, Mary T. Donofrio, Gilbert Vezina, Catherine Limperopoulos

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Newborns with congenital heart disease (CHD) requiring open heart surgery are at increased risk for neurodevelopmental disabilities. Recent quantitative MRI studies have reported disrupted growth, microstructure, and metabolism in fetuses and newborns with complex CHD. To date, no study has examined whether functional brain connectivity is altered in this high-risk population after birth, before surgery. Our objective was to compare whole-brain functional connectivity of resting state networks in healthy, term newborns (n = 82) and in term neonates with CHD before surgery (n = 30) using graph theory and network-based statistics. We report for the first time intact global network topology – efficient ...


Arl2bp, A Novel Ciliopathy Protein, Is Required For Cilia Microtubule Formation, Abigail Ruth Moye 2018 West Virginia University

Arl2bp, A Novel Ciliopathy Protein, Is Required For Cilia Microtubule Formation, Abigail Ruth Moye

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Problem Reports

Cilia are specialized organelles essential for cellular function. Not surprisingly, mutations in cilia- related genes are linked to multi-syndromic diseases termed ciliopathies. These include blinding diseases such as retinitis pigmentosa (RP). One such novel gene is ARL2BP (ARL2-binding protein) and is linked to RP and situs inversus (organ reversal) in humans, a phenotype produced by defects in the nodal cilia of developing embryos. Defects in photoreceptor cilia, as well as situs inversus in human patients, suggest that ARL2BP plays an invaluable role in the structure and function of cilia. However little is known about the role for this protein in ...


The Effectiveness Of Interventions And Bundles For Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infections In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Mohamad Alhamwi 2018 University of Central Florida

The Effectiveness Of Interventions And Bundles For Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infections In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Mohamad Alhamwi

Honors Undergraduate Theses

Introduction: Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infections (CLABSIs) are a major cause of increased mortality, morbidity and healthcare costs in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) patients. Despite CDC's efforts to reduce infection rates, patients often suffer consequences. The objective of this study is to perform a systematic review of strategies utilized in the neonatal population and evaluate them with the current CDC's guidelines to assess the effectiveness of bundles in preventing CLABSI in NICUs.

Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted using CINAHL Plus with Text, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and MEDLINE from January 2008 up to 2018. There ...


The Effect Of Breastfeeding And Rooming-In Care On Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome, Rachel Boyer, Lindsay Gal, Mahaylie Cline 2018 The University of Akron

The Effect Of Breastfeeding And Rooming-In Care On Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome, Rachel Boyer, Lindsay Gal, Mahaylie Cline

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

Concurrent with a rise in opioid abuse during pregnancy is an increase in the number of babies born with Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS). Despite this crisis, no single treatment has been identified for NAS. This paper sought to analyze and synthesize research evaluating the effectiveness of breastfeeding and rooming-in care on the need and length of pharmacologic treatment and length of hospital stay for neonates with NAS. Twenty-six peer reviewed research articles published between 2006 and 2017 were selected from PubMed and CINAHL for analysis. The studies focused on neonates with NAS born to mothers addicted to opioids or undergoing ...


Analysis Of Ocular Changes In A Cyp1b1-/- Mouse, Emily Arison 2018 The University of Akron

Analysis Of Ocular Changes In A Cyp1b1-/- Mouse, Emily Arison

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

The goal of this research is to develop a mouse model with a mutation in the CYP1B1 gene that would result in a phenotype similar to that seen in Primary Congenital Glaucoma (PCG) human patients. Using this mouse model, structural changes in eyes and upregulation of certain proteins were observed compared to a normal mouse. Examination of the cornea, iris, retina, ciliary body, and iridocorneal angle showed structural changes in CYP1B1 mice compared to wild type mice. These results were similar to those described in studies using other animal models. Furthermore, the current study confirmed earlier findings in other animal ...


Survival Advantage Of Both Human Hepatocyte Xenografts And Genome-Edited Hepatocytes For Treatment Of Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency, Florie Borel, Qiushi Tang, Gwladys Gernoux, Cynthia Greer, Ziqiong Wang, Adi Barzel, Mark A. Kay, Leonard D. Shultz, Dale L. Greiner, Terence R. Flotte, Michael A. Brehm, Christian Mueller 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Survival Advantage Of Both Human Hepatocyte Xenografts And Genome-Edited Hepatocytes For Treatment Of Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency, Florie Borel, Qiushi Tang, Gwladys Gernoux, Cynthia Greer, Ziqiong Wang, Adi Barzel, Mark A. Kay, Leonard D. Shultz, Dale L. Greiner, Terence R. Flotte, Michael A. Brehm, Christian Mueller

Christian Mueller

Hepatocytes represent an important target for gene therapy and editing of single-gene disorders. In alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency, one missense mutation results in impaired secretion of AAT. In most patients, lung damage occurs due to a lack of AAT-mediated protection of lung elastin from neutrophil elastase. In some patients, accumulation of misfolded PiZ mutant AAT protein triggers hepatocyte injury, leading to inflammation and cirrhosis. We hypothesized that correcting the Z mutant defect in hepatocytes would confer a selective advantage for repopulation of hepatocytes within an intact liver. A human PiZ allele was crossed onto an immune-deficient (NSG) strain to create ...


Possible Breakdown Of Dopamine Receptor Synergism In A Mouse Model Of Huntington's Disease, Samantha F. Kennedy 2017 University of New Orleans

Possible Breakdown Of Dopamine Receptor Synergism In A Mouse Model Of Huntington's Disease, Samantha F. Kennedy

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

The model of basal ganglia function proposed by Albin, Young and Penney (1989) describes two anatomically independent motor pathways, the direct and indirect. However, under normal conditions striatal dopamine (DA) is required for the expression of motor behavior, and DAergic control of the two pathways (via D1 and D2 receptors, respectively) is dependent on co-activation. We tested for a possible breakdown of D1/D2 synergism using transgenic R6/1 mice bearing the human huntingtin allele (Htt). Motor stereotypy, observed prior to the onset of HD-related symptoms, was rated on a 5-point scale following activation of: A) D1 receptors alone, B ...


Prenatal Opioid Exposure And Intermittent Hypoxemia In Preterm Infants: A Retrospective Assessment, Elie G. Abu Jawdeh, Philip M. Westgate, Amrita Pant, Audra L. Stacy, Divya Mamilla, Aayush Gabrani, Abhijit R. Patwardhan, Henrietta S. Bada, Peter J. Giannone 2017 University of Kentucky

Prenatal Opioid Exposure And Intermittent Hypoxemia In Preterm Infants: A Retrospective Assessment, Elie G. Abu Jawdeh, Philip M. Westgate, Amrita Pant, Audra L. Stacy, Divya Mamilla, Aayush Gabrani, Abhijit R. Patwardhan, Henrietta S. Bada, Peter J. Giannone

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Introduction: Intermittent hypoxemia (IH) is defined as episodic drops in oxygen saturation (SpO2). Preterm infants are at increased risk for IH due to their immature respiratory control/apnea of prematurity. The clinical relevance of IH is a relatively new observation with rising evidence linking IH to neonatal morbidities and long-term impairment. Hence, assessing factors that influence IH in preterm infants is imperative. Given the epidemic of opioid misuse in the USA, there is an urgent need to understand the impact of prenatal opioid exposure on neonatal outcomes. Hence, we wanted to assess the relationship between isolated prenatal opioid exposure ...


Dosage Compensation Of Trisomy 21 And Its Implications For Hematopoietic Pathogenesis In Down Syndrome, Jen-Chieh Chiang 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Dosage Compensation Of Trisomy 21 And Its Implications For Hematopoietic Pathogenesis In Down Syndrome, Jen-Chieh Chiang

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Down Syndrome (DS), the most common aneuploidy seen in live-borns, is caused by trisomy for chromosome 21. DS imposes high risks for multiple health issues involving various systems of the body. The genetic complexity of trisomy 21 and natural variation between all individuals has impeded understanding of the specific cell pathologies and pathways involved. In addition, chromosomal disorders have been considered outside the hopeful progress in gene therapies for single-gene disorders. Here we test the feasibility of correcting imbalanced expression of genes across an extra chromosome by expression of a single gene, XIST, the key player in X chromosome inactivation ...


Plasma Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Levels In Newborn Infants With Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome, Lochan Subedi, Hong Huang, Amrita Pant, Philip M. Westgate, Henrietta S. Bada, John A. Bauer, Peter J. Giannone, Thitinart Sithisarn 2017 University of Kentucky

Plasma Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Levels In Newborn Infants With Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome, Lochan Subedi, Hong Huang, Amrita Pant, Philip M. Westgate, Henrietta S. Bada, John A. Bauer, Peter J. Giannone, Thitinart Sithisarn

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Background: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a type of growth factor that promotes growth and survival of neurons. Fetal exposure to opiates can lead to postnatal withdrawal syndrome, which is referred as neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). Preclinical and clinical studies have shown an association between opiates exposure and alteration in BDNF expression in the brain and serum levels in adult. However, to date, there are no data available on the effects of opiate exposure on BDNF levels in infant who are exposed to opiates in utero and whether BDNF level may correlate with the severity of NAS.

Objective: To compare ...


Survival Advantage Of Both Human Hepatocyte Xenografts And Genome-Edited Hepatocytes For Treatment Of Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency, Florie Borel, Qiushi Tang, Gwladys Gernoux, Cynthia Greer, Ziqiong Wang, Adi Barzel, Mark A. Kay, Leonard D. Shultz, Dale L. Greiner, Terence R. Flotte, Michael A. Brehm, Christian Mueller 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Survival Advantage Of Both Human Hepatocyte Xenografts And Genome-Edited Hepatocytes For Treatment Of Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency, Florie Borel, Qiushi Tang, Gwladys Gernoux, Cynthia Greer, Ziqiong Wang, Adi Barzel, Mark A. Kay, Leonard D. Shultz, Dale L. Greiner, Terence R. Flotte, Michael A. Brehm, Christian Mueller

Pediatric Publications and Presentations

Hepatocytes represent an important target for gene therapy and editing of single-gene disorders. In alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency, one missense mutation results in impaired secretion of AAT. In most patients, lung damage occurs due to a lack of AAT-mediated protection of lung elastin from neutrophil elastase. In some patients, accumulation of misfolded PiZ mutant AAT protein triggers hepatocyte injury, leading to inflammation and cirrhosis. We hypothesized that correcting the Z mutant defect in hepatocytes would confer a selective advantage for repopulation of hepatocytes within an intact liver. A human PiZ allele was crossed onto an immune-deficient (NSG) strain to create ...


Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Of Neonatal Screening Of Critical Congenital Heart Defects In China., Ruoyan Gai Tobe, Gerard R Martin, Fuhai Li, Akinori Moriichi, Bin Wu, Rintaro Mori 2017 George Washington University

Cost-Effectiveness Analysis Of Neonatal Screening Of Critical Congenital Heart Defects In China., Ruoyan Gai Tobe, Gerard R Martin, Fuhai Li, Akinori Moriichi, Bin Wu, Rintaro Mori

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

Background: Pulse oximetry screening is a highly accurate tool for the early detection of critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) in newborn infants. As the technique is simple, noninvasive, and inexpensive, it has potentially significant benefits for developing countries. The aim of this study is to provide information for future clinical and health policy decisions by assessing the costeffectiveness of CCHD screening in China.

Methods and Findings: We developed a cohort model to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of screening all Chinese newborns annually using 3 possible screening options compared to no intervention: pulse oximetry alone, clinical assessment alone, and pulse oximetry as ...


Rna Sequencing And Proteomics Approaches Reveal Novel Deficits In The Cortex Of Mecp2-Deficient Mice, A Model For Rett Syndrome, Natasha L. Pacheco, Michael R. Heaven, Leanne M. Holt, David K. Crossman, Kristin J. Boggio, Scott A. Shaffer, Daniel L. Flint, Michelle L. Olsen 2017 University of Alabama, Birmingham

Rna Sequencing And Proteomics Approaches Reveal Novel Deficits In The Cortex Of Mecp2-Deficient Mice, A Model For Rett Syndrome, Natasha L. Pacheco, Michael R. Heaven, Leanne M. Holt, David K. Crossman, Kristin J. Boggio, Scott A. Shaffer, Daniel L. Flint, Michelle L. Olsen

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Rett syndrome (RTT) is an X-linked neurodevelopmental disorder caused by mutations in the transcriptional regulator MeCP2. Much of our understanding of MeCP2 function is derived from transcriptomic studies with the general assumption that alterations in the transcriptome correlate with proteomic changes. Advances in mass spectrometry-based proteomics have facilitated recent interest in the examination of global protein expression to better understand the biology between transcriptional and translational regulation.

METHODS: We therefore performed the first comprehensive transcriptome-proteome comparison in a RTT mouse model to elucidate RTT pathophysiology, identify potential therapeutic targets, and further our understanding of MeCP2 function. The whole cortex ...


A Role For Tau Protein In Maintaining Ribosomal Dna Stability And Cytidine Deaminase-Deficient Cell Survival, Elias Bou Samra, Geraldine Buhagiar-Labarchede, Christelle Machon, Jerome Guitton, Rosine Onclercq-Delic, Michael R. Green, Olivier Alibert, Claude Gazin, Xavier Veaute, Mounira Amor-Gueret 2017 PSL Research University

A Role For Tau Protein In Maintaining Ribosomal Dna Stability And Cytidine Deaminase-Deficient Cell Survival, Elias Bou Samra, Geraldine Buhagiar-Labarchede, Christelle Machon, Jerome Guitton, Rosine Onclercq-Delic, Michael R. Green, Olivier Alibert, Claude Gazin, Xavier Veaute, Mounira Amor-Gueret

Open Access Articles

Cells from Bloom's syndrome patients display genome instability due to a defective BLM and the downregulation of cytidine deaminase. Here, we use a genome-wide RNAi-synthetic lethal screen and transcriptomic profiling to identify genes enabling BLM-deficient and/or cytidine deaminase-deficient cells to tolerate constitutive DNA damage and replication stress. We found a synthetic lethal interaction between cytidine deaminase and microtubule-associated protein Tau deficiencies. Tau is overexpressed in cytidine deaminase-deficient cells, and its depletion worsens genome instability, compromising cell survival. Tau is recruited, along with upstream-binding factor, to ribosomal DNA loci. Tau downregulation decreases upstream binding factor recruitment, ribosomal RNA synthesis ...


Lipidomic Evaluation Of Feline Neurologic Disease After Aav Gene Therapy, Heather L. Gray-Edwards, Xuntian Jiang, Ashley N. Randle, Amanda R. Taylor, Taylor L. Voss, Aime K. Johnson, Victoria J. McCurdy, Miguel Sena-Esteves, Daniel S. Ory, Douglas R. Martin 2017 Auburn University

Lipidomic Evaluation Of Feline Neurologic Disease After Aav Gene Therapy, Heather L. Gray-Edwards, Xuntian Jiang, Ashley N. Randle, Amanda R. Taylor, Taylor L. Voss, Aime K. Johnson, Victoria J. Mccurdy, Miguel Sena-Esteves, Daniel S. Ory, Douglas R. Martin

Open Access Articles

GM1 gangliosidosis is a fatal lysosomal disorder, for which there is no effective treatment. Adeno-associated virus (AAV) gene therapy in GM1 cats has resulted in a greater than 6-fold increase in lifespan, with many cats remaining alive at > 5.7 years of age, with minimal clinical signs. Glycolipids are the principal storage product in GM1 gangliosidosis whose pathogenic mechanism is not completely understood. Targeted lipidomics analysis was performed to better define disease mechanisms and identify markers of disease progression for upcoming clinical trials in humans. 36 sphingolipids and subspecies associated with ganglioside biosynthesis were tested in the cerebrospinal fluid of ...


Identification Of Stiffness-Induced Signalling Mechanisms In Cells From Patent And Fused Sutures Associated With Craniosynostosis., Sara Barreto, Arlyng Gonzalez Vazquez, Andrew R. Cameron, Fergal J. O'Brien, Dylan J Murray 2017 Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Identification Of Stiffness-Induced Signalling Mechanisms In Cells From Patent And Fused Sutures Associated With Craniosynostosis., Sara Barreto, Arlyng Gonzalez Vazquez, Andrew R. Cameron, Fergal J. O'Brien, Dylan J Murray

Anatomy Articles

Craniosynostosis is a bone developmental disease where premature ossification of the cranial sutures occurs leading to fused sutures. While biomechanical forces have been implicated in craniosynostosis, evidence of the effect of microenvironmental stiffness changes in the osteogenic commitment of cells from the sutures is lacking. Our aim was to identify the differential genetic expression and osteogenic capability between cells from patent and fused sutures of children with craniosynostosis and whether these differences are driven by changes in the stiffness of the microenvironment. Cells from both sutures demonstrated enhanced mineralisation with increasing substrate stiffness showing that stiffness is a stimulus capable ...


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