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The Efficacy And Safety Of Statins In The Primary Prevention Of Cardiovascular Disease, Kayla M. Ashton 2018 University of North Dakota

The Efficacy And Safety Of Statins In The Primary Prevention Of Cardiovascular Disease, Kayla M. Ashton

Physician Assistant Scholarly Project Posters

Atherosclerotic plaques can form in the blood vessels from particles of cholesterol. These plaques are a major cause of cardiovascular disease and have the ability to result in fatal cardiovascular events. In researching this topic, PubMed, the Cochrane Library, DynaMed, and ClinicalKey were all utilized in finding articles published from 2002 to 2018. There are several organizations with conflicting guidelines recommending the use of statin medications in the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease. The research evaluated discovers data is inconclusive on the benefit of statin medications in this primary prevention as well as the safety of long-term statin use. Some ...


Pre-Participation Physical Exams: Are We Doing Enough?, Steven Jacob Pietrusza 2018 University of North Dakota

Pre-Participation Physical Exams: Are We Doing Enough?, Steven Jacob Pietrusza

Physician Assistant Scholarly Project Posters

•Inclusion of screening electrocardiograms (EKGs) during pre-participation physical examination has been a topic of debate for some time. There is unquestioned usefulness in the ability of a well-trained health care provider in using EKG to identify cardiac abnormalities.

•Further, there have been several contemporary EKG criteria published that increase specificity and sensitivity of detection of disease. However, these criteria do not account for athletes less than 14 years of age, and that demographic represents a large portion of patients seeking pre-participation screenings in the United States.

•The lack of research into pediatric cardiac remodeling secondary to activity, coupled with the ...


Systemic Therapy Versus Catheter Directed Techniques For The Treatment Of Acute Massive Pulmonary Embolism, Lawrence Duane Lee 2018 University of North Dakota

Systemic Therapy Versus Catheter Directed Techniques For The Treatment Of Acute Massive Pulmonary Embolism, Lawrence Duane Lee

Physician Assistant Scholarly Project Posters

•Acute massive pulmonary embolism is characterized by obstruction of the pulmonary arterial tree that exceeds 50% of the cross-sectional area causing acute and severe cardiopulmonary failure from right ventricular overload.

•Systemic thrombolytic therapy is recommended as standard, first-line treatment in patients with massive pulmonary embolism unless contraindicated and catheter directed therapies, including low dose thrombolytic administration directly into thrombus and mechanical thrombectomy can be adjunctive or used as an alternative to systemic treatments.

•This literature review researched articles looking at both systemic thrombolysis and endovascular techniques for the treatment of acute massive pulmonary embolism with an emphasis on long term ...


Controlling Platelet Secretion To Modulate Hemostasis And Thrombosis, Smita Joshi 2018 University of Kentucky

Controlling Platelet Secretion To Modulate Hemostasis And Thrombosis, Smita Joshi

Theses and Dissertations--Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry

Upon vascular injury, activated blood platelets fuse their granules to the plasma membrane and release cargo to regulate the vascular microenvironment, a dynamic process central to platelet function in many critical processes including hemostasis, thrombosis, immunity, wound healing, angiogenesis etc. This granule- plasma membrane fusion is mediated by a family of membrane proteins- Soluble N-ethyl maleimide Attachment Receptor Proteins(SNAREs). SNAREs that reside on vesicle (v-SNAREs) /Vesicle-Associated Membrane Proteins(VAMPs) interact with target/t-SNAREs forming a trans-bilayer complex that facilitates granule fusion. Though many components of exocytic machinery are identified, it is still not clear how it could be ...


Halting Progression Of Stasis Dermatitis: Community Perspectives And Strategies For Prevention, Allison B. Robbins 2018 University of Vermont

Halting Progression Of Stasis Dermatitis: Community Perspectives And Strategies For Prevention, Allison B. Robbins

Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects

Complications of stasis dermatitis including venous ulcers, osteomyelitis, and cellulitis all significantly increase morbidity and mortality of disease. Progression beyond stasis dermatitis and avoidance of the aforementioned complications are preventable with patient education and adherence to basic therapies including compression stockings and lifestyle modification. Therefore the goals of this project were to: assess the community’s understanding of stasis dermatitis and their awareness of its complications; use this information to help healthcare providers tailor their preventative health counseling accordingly; and provide education for patients on stasis dermatitis, its complications, and therapies/behavioral changes to prevent disease progression.


Flavonoid-Rich Apple Improves Endothelial Function In Individuals At Risk For Cardiovascular Disease: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial, Nicola P. Bondonno, Catherine P. Bondonno, Lauren C. Blekkenhorst, Michael J. Considine, Ghassan Maghzal, Roland Stocker, Richard J. Woodman, Natalie C. Ward, Jonathan M. Hodgson, Kevin D. Croft 2018 Edith Cowan University

Flavonoid-Rich Apple Improves Endothelial Function In Individuals At Risk For Cardiovascular Disease: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial, Nicola P. Bondonno, Catherine P. Bondonno, Lauren C. Blekkenhorst, Michael J. Considine, Ghassan Maghzal, Roland Stocker, Richard J. Woodman, Natalie C. Ward, Jonathan M. Hodgson, Kevin D. Croft

ECU Publications Post 2013

Scope

The cardioprotective effects of apples are primarily attributed to flavonoids, found predominantly in the skin. This study aimed to determine if acute and/or chronic (4 weeks) ingestion of flavonoid-rich apples improves endothelial function, blood pressure (BP), and arterial stiffness in individuals at risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVD).

Methods and results

In this randomized, controlled cross-over trial, acute and 4 week intake of apple with skin (high flavonoid apple, HFA) is compared to intake of apple flesh only (low flavonoid apple, LFA) in 30 participants. The primary outcome is endothelial function assessed using flow-mediated dilation (FMD) of the brachial ...


Coding Variants In Rpl3l And Myzap Increase Risk Of Atrial Fibrillation, Rosa B. Thorolfsdottir, Gardar Sveinbjornsson, Patrick Sulem, Jonas B. Nielsen, Stefan Jonsson, Gisli H. Halldorson, Pall Melsted, Erna V. Ivarsdottir, Olafur B. Davidsson, Ragnar P. Kristjansson, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Anna Helgadottir, Solveig Gretarsdottir, Gudmundur Norddahl, Sridharan Rajamani, Bjarni Torfason, Atli S. Valgardsson, Jon Sverrisson, Vinicius Tragante, Oddgeir L. Holmen, Folkert W. Asselbergs, Dan M. Roden, Dawood Darbar, Terje R. Pedersen, Marc S. Sabatine, Cristen J. Willer, Maja-Lisa Loechen, Bjarni V. Halldorsson, Ingileif Jonsdottir, Kristian Hveem, David O. Arnar, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Daniel F. Gudbjartsson, Hilma Holm, Kari Stefansson 2018 Australian Catholic University

Coding Variants In Rpl3l And Myzap Increase Risk Of Atrial Fibrillation, Rosa B. Thorolfsdottir, Gardar Sveinbjornsson, Patrick Sulem, Jonas B. Nielsen, Stefan Jonsson, Gisli H. Halldorson, Pall Melsted, Erna V. Ivarsdottir, Olafur B. Davidsson, Ragnar P. Kristjansson, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Anna Helgadottir, Solveig Gretarsdottir, Gudmundur Norddahl, Sridharan Rajamani, Bjarni Torfason, Atli S. Valgardsson, Jon Sverrisson, Vinicius Tragante, Oddgeir L. Holmen, Folkert W. Asselbergs, Dan M. Roden, Dawood Darbar, Terje R. Pedersen, Marc S. Sabatine, Cristen J. Willer, Maja-Lisa Loechen, Bjarni V. Halldorsson, Ingileif Jonsdottir, Kristian Hveem, David O. Arnar, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Daniel F. Gudbjartsson, Hilma Holm, Kari Stefansson

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Most sequence variants identified hitherto in genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of atrial fibrillation are common, non-coding variants associated with risk through unknown mechanisms. We performed a meta-analysis of GWAS of atrial fibrillation among 29,502 cases and 767,760 controls from Iceland and the UK Biobank with follow-up in samples from Norway and the US, focusing on low-frequency coding and splice variants aiming to identify causal genes. We observe associations with one missense (OR = 1.20) and one splice-donor variant (OR = 1.50) in RPL3L, the first ribosomal gene implicated in atrial fibrillation to our knowledge. Analysis of 167 RNA ...


2017 Cardiovascular And Stroke Endpoint Definitions For Clinical Trials, Karen A. Hicks, Kenneth W. Mahaffey, Roxana Mehran, Steven E. Nissen, Stephen D. Wiviott, Billy Dunn, Scott Solomon, John R. Marler, John R. Teerlink, Andrew Farb, David A. Morrow, Shari L. Targum, Cathy A. Sila, Mary T.T. Hai, Michael R. Jaff, Hylton V. Joffe, Donal E. Cutlip, Akshay S. Desai, Eldrin F. Lewis, C. Michael Gibson, Martin J. Landray, A. M. Lincoff, Christopher White, Steven S. Brooks, Kenneth A. Rosenfield, Michael J. Domanski, Alexandra J. Lansky, John McMurray, James E. Tcheng, Steven R. Steinhubl, Paul R. Burton, Laura Mauri, Christopher M. O'Connor, Marc A. Pfeffer, James Hung, Norman L. Stockbridge, Bernard Chaitman, Robert J. Temple 2018 Australian Catholic University

2017 Cardiovascular And Stroke Endpoint Definitions For Clinical Trials, Karen A. Hicks, Kenneth W. Mahaffey, Roxana Mehran, Steven E. Nissen, Stephen D. Wiviott, Billy Dunn, Scott Solomon, John R. Marler, John R. Teerlink, Andrew Farb, David A. Morrow, Shari L. Targum, Cathy A. Sila, Mary T.T. Hai, Michael R. Jaff, Hylton V. Joffe, Donal E. Cutlip, Akshay S. Desai, Eldrin F. Lewis, C. Michael Gibson, Martin J. Landray, A. M. Lincoff, Christopher White, Steven S. Brooks, Kenneth A. Rosenfield, Michael J. Domanski, Alexandra J. Lansky, John Mcmurray, James E. Tcheng, Steven R. Steinhubl, Paul R. Burton, Laura Mauri, Christopher M. O'Connor, Marc A. Pfeffer, James Hung, Norman L. Stockbridge, Bernard Chaitman, Robert J. Temple

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

This publication describes uniform definitions for cardiovascular and stroke outcomes developed by the Standardized Data Collection for Cardiovascular Trials Initiative and the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The FDA established the Standardized Data Collection for Cardiovascular Trials Initiative in 2009 to simplify the design and conduct of clinical trials intended to support marketing applications. The writing committee recognizes that these definitions may be used in other types of clinical trials and clinical care processes where appropriate. Use of these definitions at the FDA has enhanced the ability to aggregate data within and across medical product development programs, conduct meta-analyses ...


Mild Cognitive Impairment Impacts Health Outcomes Of Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Undergoing A Disease Management Intervention, Jocasta Ball, Maja-Lisa Loechen, Melinda Carrington, Joshua Wiley, S. Stewart 2018 Australian Catholic University

Mild Cognitive Impairment Impacts Health Outcomes Of Patients With Atrial Fibrillation Undergoing A Disease Management Intervention, Jocasta Ball, Maja-Lisa Loechen, Melinda Carrington, Joshua Wiley, S. Stewart

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Objective: Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is prevalent in atrial fibrillation (AF) and has the potential to contribute to poor outcomes. We investigated the influence of MCI on survival and rehospitalisation in patients with chronic forms of AF undergoing a home-based, AF-specific disease management intervention (home-based intervention (HBI)) or standard management(SM). Methods The Montreal Cognitive Assessment tool was administered at baseline (a score of < 26/30 indicated MCI) in patients with AF randomised to HBI versus SM. Post hoc analyses of mortality and rehospitalisations during a minimum 24-month follow-up were conducted in the overall cohort and in each study group separately. Results Of 260 patients (mean age 72±11, 47% female), 65% demonstrated MCI on screening (34% in SM; 31% in HBI). Overall, the number of days spent alive and outof- hospital during follow-up (P=0.012) and all-cause rehospitalisation were influenced by MCI during follow-up (OR 3.16 (95% CI 1.46 to 6.84)) but MCI did not influence any outcomes in the SM group. However, survival was negatively influenced by MCI in the HBI group (P=0.036); those with MCI in this group were 5.6 times more likely to die during follow-up (OR 5.57 (95% CI 1.10 to 28.1)). Those with MCI in the HBI group also spent less days alive and out-of-hospital than those with no MCI (P=0.022). MCI was also identified as a significant independent correlate of shortest duration of event-free survival (OR 3.48 (95% CI 1.06 to 11.4)), allcause rehospitalisation (OR 3.30 (95% CI 1.25 to 8.69)) and cardiovascular disease (CVD)-related rehospitalisation (OR 2.35 (95% CI 1.12 to 4.91)) in this group. Conclusions The effectiveness of home-based, disease management for patients with chronic forms of AF is negatively affected by comorbid MCI. The benefit of adjunctive support for patients with MCI on CVD-related health outcomes requires further investigation.


Peripartum Cardiomyopathy: An Update, Feriel Azibani, Karen Sliwa-Hahnle 2018 Australian Catholic University

Peripartum Cardiomyopathy: An Update, Feriel Azibani, Karen Sliwa-Hahnle

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Purpose of Review Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is an idiopathic disorder defined as heart failure occurring in women during the last month of pregnancy and up to 5 months postpartum. In this review, we outline recent reports about the disease pathogenesis and management and highlight the use of diagnosis and prognosis biomarkers. Recent Findings Novel data strengthen the implication of endothelial function in PPCM pathogenesis. The first international registry showed that patient presentations were similar globally, with heterogeneity in patient management and outcome. Summary Despite large improvement in patient management and treatment, there is still a sub-group of women who die ...


Interleukin-6 And Exercise; Early Evidence Of A Novel Myokine, Brendan Hogg Mr. 2018 University of Montana, Missoula

Interleukin-6 And Exercise; Early Evidence Of A Novel Myokine, Brendan Hogg Mr.

Graduate Student Theses, Dissertations, & Professional Papers

Interleukin-6 (IL-6) was first identified as a pleiotropic cytokine, with a host of body-wide functions. Cytokine functions are characterized by chronically elevated levels within various inflammatory states. In this regard, IL-6 is largely associated with the acute phase response to many stimuli and performs specific actions when produced from certain cell types. Accrued evidence indicates IL-6 release from skeletal muscle often includes myokine functions. Novel myokine functions are adaptive in nature, and as compared to inflammatory/cytokine roles, exhibit a transient time course. Following exercise plasma IL-6 peaks and returns to resting levels within 1-2 hours. In contrast, IL-6 is ...


Perceptions Of Health Professionals In Ghana On The Role Of The Community In Chronic Disease Management, Jesuseme Omoruan 2018 Georgia Southern University

Perceptions Of Health Professionals In Ghana On The Role Of The Community In Chronic Disease Management, Jesuseme Omoruan

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The prevalence of chronic disease has been on the rise in various developing countries. This study is an exploratory investigation of the perceptions of health professionals in Kumasi, Ghana on the role of the community in chronic disease management. Using the Chronic Care Model as a framework, the objective of the study was to examine the extent of community-healthcare system in chronic disease management and to explore the barriers to and facilitators of community involvement in chronic disease management. By exploring the availability of community resources that positively contribute to the management of these patients, the study fills an existing ...


Exposure To High Levels Of Noise Poses Hazards And Risks For Development Of Hypertension And Heart Disease: Potential Roles Of Unrecognized Ionized Hypomagnesemia And Release Of Ceramides And Platelet-Activating Factor, Burton M. Altura, Asefa Gebrewold, Anthony Carella, Nilank C. Shah, Bella T. Altura 2018 Touro College

Exposure To High Levels Of Noise Poses Hazards And Risks For Development Of Hypertension And Heart Disease: Potential Roles Of Unrecognized Ionized Hypomagnesemia And Release Of Ceramides And Platelet-Activating Factor, Burton M. Altura, Asefa Gebrewold, Anthony Carella, Nilank C. Shah, Bella T. Altura

Touro College of Osteopathic Medicine (Middletown) Publications and Research

It has been demonstrated in numerous human and animal studies that audiogenic stress (AS) can induce elevation of arterial blood pressure and cardiac damage and that noise –induced hearing loss may be associated with alterations in magnesium (Mg) metabolism. Our laboratories, over a period of approximately 40 years, have been investigating why AS causes high blood pressure and cardiac damage. This review focuses on a number of newer discoveries on why AS causes dysfunctions of the cardiovascular system (CVS) This review discusses the pivotal physiological and biochemical importance of Mg to body health and the fact that most Americans and ...


The Effectiveness Of Interventions And Bundles For Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infections In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Mohamad Alhamwi 2018 University of Central Florida

The Effectiveness Of Interventions And Bundles For Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infections In The Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Mohamad Alhamwi

Honors in the Major Theses

Introduction: Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infections (CLABSIs) are a major cause of increased mortality, morbidity and healthcare costs in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) patients. Despite CDC's efforts to reduce infection rates, patients often suffer consequences. The objective of this study is to perform a systematic review of strategies utilized in the neonatal population and evaluate them with the current CDC's guidelines to assess the effectiveness of bundles in preventing CLABSI in NICUs.

Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted using CINAHL Plus with Text, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and MEDLINE from January 2008 up to 2018. There ...


Ten-Year (2001-2011) Trends In The Incidence Rates And Short-Term Outcomes Of Early Versus Late Onset Cardiogenic Shock After Hospitalization For Acute Myocardial Infarction, Hoa L. Nguyen, Jorge L. Yarzebski, Darleen M. Lessard, Joel M. Gore, David D. McManus, Robert J. Goldberg 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Ten-Year (2001-2011) Trends In The Incidence Rates And Short-Term Outcomes Of Early Versus Late Onset Cardiogenic Shock After Hospitalization For Acute Myocardial Infarction, Hoa L. Nguyen, Jorge L. Yarzebski, Darleen M. Lessard, Joel M. Gore, David D. Mcmanus, Robert J. Goldberg

Jorge L. Yarzebski

BACKGROUND: Cardiogenic shock (CS) is a serious complication of acute myocardial infarction, and the time of onset of CS has a potential role in influencing its prognosis. Limited contemporary data exist on this complication, however, especially from a population-based perspective. Our study objectives were to describe decade-long trends in the incidence, in-hospital mortality, and factors associated with the development of CS in 3 temporal contexts: (1) before hospital arrival for acute myocardial infarction (prehospital CS); (2) within 24 hours of hospitalization (early CS); and (3) > /=24 hours after hospitalization (late CS). METHODS AND RESULTS: The study population consisted of 5782 ...


Magnitude And Characteristics Of Patients Who Survived An Acute Myocardial Infarction, Mayra Tisminetzky, Tracy Y. Wang, Jerry H. Gurwitz, Lisa A. Kaltenbach, David D. McManus, Joel M. Gore, Eric Peterson, Robert J. Goldberg 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Magnitude And Characteristics Of Patients Who Survived An Acute Myocardial Infarction, Mayra Tisminetzky, Tracy Y. Wang, Jerry H. Gurwitz, Lisa A. Kaltenbach, David D. Mcmanus, Joel M. Gore, Eric Peterson, Robert J. Goldberg

Jerry H. Gurwitz

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to describe the magnitude and characteristics of patients who did not experience any significant major adverse cardiovascular event early (within 6 weeks) and late (during the first year) after hospital discharge for an acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

METHODS AND RESULTS: Data from 12 243 patients discharged after an AMI from 233 sites across the United States in the TRANSLATE-ACS (Treatment With ADP Receptor Inhibitors: Longitudinal Assessment of Treatment Patterns and Events After Acute Coronary Syndrome) study were analyzed. Multivariable adjusted regression analyses modeled factors associated with 6-week and 1-year survivors who did not ...


Magnitude And Characteristics Of Patients Who Survived An Acute Myocardial Infarction, Mayra Tisminetzky, Tracy Y. Wang, Jerry H. Gurwitz, Lisa A. Kaltenbach, David D. McManus, Joel M. Gore, Eric Peterson, Robert J. Goldberg 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Magnitude And Characteristics Of Patients Who Survived An Acute Myocardial Infarction, Mayra Tisminetzky, Tracy Y. Wang, Jerry H. Gurwitz, Lisa A. Kaltenbach, David D. Mcmanus, Joel M. Gore, Eric Peterson, Robert J. Goldberg

David D. McManus

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to describe the magnitude and characteristics of patients who did not experience any significant major adverse cardiovascular event early (within 6 weeks) and late (during the first year) after hospital discharge for an acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

METHODS AND RESULTS: Data from 12 243 patients discharged after an AMI from 233 sites across the United States in the TRANSLATE-ACS (Treatment With ADP Receptor Inhibitors: Longitudinal Assessment of Treatment Patterns and Events After Acute Coronary Syndrome) study were analyzed. Multivariable adjusted regression analyses modeled factors associated with 6-week and 1-year survivors who did not ...


Prevalence And Incidence Of Health Risk Factors Among Adolescent Girls, Kylah Pollard, Mohammed Chowdhury, Sarai Bauguess 2017 Kennesaw State University

Prevalence And Incidence Of Health Risk Factors Among Adolescent Girls, Kylah Pollard, Mohammed Chowdhury, Sarai Bauguess

The Kennesaw Journal of Undergraduate Research

Heart Disease has many different risk factors, including hypertension (high blood pressure) and high cholesterol. Research has shown that hypertension can be identified as early as adolescence, and preventative measures can be instilled in this age. However, the relationship between hypertension, high cholesterol, race, and income have not been studied in detail among adolescents. The present study analyzed the effects of different health factors on blood pressure and cholesterol levels in Caucasian and African-American girls ages 9-21 years old, the prime of adolescence. The dataset was part of a larger study completed by the National Heart, Blood, and Lung Institute ...


Study Protocol For Smartphone Monitoring For Atrial Fibrillation In Real-Time In India (Smart-India): A Community-Based Screening And Referral Programme, Apurv Soni, Nisha Fahey, Shyamsundar Raithatha, Anna Handorf, John Bostrom, Ravi Shah, Robert J. Goldberg, Jeroan J. Allison, David D. McManus 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Study Protocol For Smartphone Monitoring For Atrial Fibrillation In Real-Time In India (Smart-India): A Community-Based Screening And Referral Programme, Apurv Soni, Nisha Fahey, Shyamsundar Raithatha, Anna Handorf, John Bostrom, Ravi Shah, Robert J. Goldberg, Jeroan J. Allison, David D. Mcmanus

UMass Center for Clinical and Translational Science Supported Publications

INTRODUCTION: Atrial fibrillation (AF), the world's most common arrhythmia, often goes undetected and untreated in low-resource communities, including India, where AF epidemiology is undefined. AF is an important risk factor for stroke, which plagues an estimated 1.6 million Indians annually. As such, early detection of AF and management of high-risk patients is critically important to decrease stroke burden in individuals with AF. This study aims to describe the epidemiology of AF in Anand District, Gujarat, India, characterise the clinical profile of individuals who are diagnosed with AF and determine the performance of two mobile technologies for community-based AF ...


Iron Reduction Response And Demographic Differences Between Diabetics And Non-Diabetics With Cardiovascular Disease Entered To A Controlled Clinical Trial, Leo Zacharski, Galina Shamayeva, Bruce Chow 2017 Dartmouth College

Iron Reduction Response And Demographic Differences Between Diabetics And Non-Diabetics With Cardiovascular Disease Entered To A Controlled Clinical Trial, Leo Zacharski, Galina Shamayeva, Bruce Chow

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Articles

Iron-catalyzed oxygen free radical-induced oxidative stress mediates the pathogenesis of diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Diabetics (n=473) and non-diabetics (n=804) with CVD entered to a randomized trial of iron (ferritin) reduction by calibrated phlebotomy (www.clinicaltrials.gov, Identifier NCT00032357) had comparable iron measures at entry but diabetics had greater burden of CVD and comorbidities, lower hemoglobin and hematocrit levels, and higher glucose levels than non-diabetics. Entry iron measures were lower in diabetics on hypoglycemic therapy compared to diabetics untreated previously. Diabetics and non-diabetics had comparable iron measures during follow-up. Loess analysis of paired ferritin and hemoglobin, and paired ...


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