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Cardiovascular Diseases Commons

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Developing A Community-Based Screening And Referral Mechanism For Atrial Fibrillation In Low Resource Settings: “Smartphone Monitoring For Atrial Fibrillation In Real-Time – India (Smart-India)”, Apurv Soni, Nisha Fahey, Harshil Patel, Kandarp Talati, Anna Handorf, John A. Bostrom, Shyamsundar Raihatha, Ravi Shah, Sunil Karna, Robert J. Goldberg, Jeroan J. Allison, Ki Chon, Somashekhar M. Nimbalkar, David D. McManus 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Developing A Community-Based Screening And Referral Mechanism For Atrial Fibrillation In Low Resource Settings: “Smartphone Monitoring For Atrial Fibrillation In Real-Time – India (Smart-India)”, Apurv Soni, Nisha Fahey, Harshil Patel, Kandarp Talati, Anna Handorf, John A. Bostrom, Shyamsundar Raihatha, Ravi Shah, Sunil Karna, Robert J. Goldberg, Jeroan J. Allison, Ki Chon, Somashekhar M. Nimbalkar, David D. Mcmanus

Jeroan J. Allison

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF), the world’s most common arrhythmia, often goes undetected and untreated in low-resource communities, including India. Moreover, AF is an important risk factor for stroke, which plagues an estimated 1.6 million Indians annually. As such, early detection of AF and management of high-risk patients is critically important to decrease stroke burden in individuals with AF.

OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study are to evaluate the age- and sex-stratified epidemiology of AF in Anand District, Gujarat India; characterize the profile of individuals who are diagnosed with AF; and determine the performance of two mobile technologies for ...


Survivors Of An Acute Coronary Syndrome With Lower Patient Activation Are More Likely To Experience Declines In Health-Related Quality Of Life, Nathaniel A. Erskine, Barbara L. Gandek, Molly E. Waring, Rebecca L. Kinney, Darleen M. Lessard, Randolph S. Devereaux, Stavroula A. Chrysanthopoulou, Catarina I. Kiefe, Robert J. Goldberg 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Survivors Of An Acute Coronary Syndrome With Lower Patient Activation Are More Likely To Experience Declines In Health-Related Quality Of Life, Nathaniel A. Erskine, Barbara L. Gandek, Molly E. Waring, Rebecca L. Kinney, Darleen M. Lessard, Randolph S. Devereaux, Stavroula A. Chrysanthopoulou, Catarina I. Kiefe, Robert J. Goldberg

Catarina I. Kiefe

Background: Patient activation comprises the knowledge, skills, and confidence for self-care, and may lead to better health outcomes.

Objectives: We examined the relationship between patient activation and changes in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) following hospitalization for an acute coronary syndrome (ACS).

Methods: We studied patients from 6 medical centers in central Massachusetts and Georgia who had been hospitalized for an ACS between 2011 and 2013. At 1 month after hospital discharge, patients completed the 6-item Patient Activation Measure and were categorized into 4 levels of activation. Multinomial logistic regression analyses compared activation level with clinically meaningful changes (≥ 3.0 ...


Joint Analysis Of Left Ventricular Expression And Circulating Plasma Levels Of Omentin After Myocardial Ischemia, Louis A. Saddic, Sarah M. Nicoloro, Olga T. Gupta, Michael P. Czech, Joshua Gorham, Stanton K. Shernan, Christine E. Seidman, Jon G. Seidman, Sary F. Aranki, Simon C. Body, Timothy P. Fitzgibbons, Jochen D. Muehlschlegel 2017 University of California Los Angeles

Joint Analysis Of Left Ventricular Expression And Circulating Plasma Levels Of Omentin After Myocardial Ischemia, Louis A. Saddic, Sarah M. Nicoloro, Olga T. Gupta, Michael P. Czech, Joshua Gorham, Stanton K. Shernan, Christine E. Seidman, Jon G. Seidman, Sary F. Aranki, Simon C. Body, Timothy P. Fitzgibbons, Jochen D. Muehlschlegel

UMass Metabolic Network Publications

BACKGROUND: Omentin-1, also known as Intelectin-1 (ITLN1), is an adipokine with plasma levels associated with diabetes, obesity, and coronary artery disease. Recent studies suggest that ITLN1 can mitigate myocardial ischemic injury but the expression of ITLN1 in the heart itself has not been well characterized. The purpose of this study is to discern the relationship between the expression pattern of ITLN1 RNA in the human heart and the level of circulating ITLN1 protein in plasma from the same patients following myocardial ischemia.

METHODS: A large cohort of patients (n = 140) undergoing elective cardiac surgery for aortic valve replacement were enrolled ...


Inflammatory Biomarkers And Subclinical Atherosclerosis In African-American Women With Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (Sle), Edith M. Williams, Carlos J. Crespo, Joan Dorn 2017 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Inflammatory Biomarkers And Subclinical Atherosclerosis In African-American Women With Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (Sle), Edith M. Williams, Carlos J. Crespo, Joan Dorn

Carlos J. Crespo

Women with lupus are at increased risk for developing cardiovascular disease (CVD). Previous studies of atherosclerosis in SLE have not been representative of the minority groups most affected by lupus and its complications. Therefore, a study of 41 lupus cases and 83 controls was conducted to investigate the relationship between carotid atherosclerosis and inflammation in African-American women. Participation consisted of a questionnaire, physical examination, fasting blood draw, and ultrasound of the carotid arteries. There were observed differences between cases and controls with regard to carotid intima media thickness (IMT) and traditional cardiovascular risk factors, although few reached statistical significance. Tumor ...


Nutrition Screening In The Adult Stroke Population Using The Canadian Nutrition Screening Tool In Comparison With The Subjective Global Assessment, Tess Coutu 2017 The University of Western Ontario

Nutrition Screening In The Adult Stroke Population Using The Canadian Nutrition Screening Tool In Comparison With The Subjective Global Assessment, Tess Coutu

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Although the Canadian Best Practice Recommendations for Stroke Care recommend all acute stroke patients be screened for malnutrition within 48 hours of admission to hospital using a valid screening tool, none have been validated for use in adult acute stroke patients. The Canadian Nutrition Screening Tool (CNST) tool has been validated within medicine and surgery patients. The purpose of this study is to estimate the level of agreement between the CNST and the Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), a nutrition assessment tool, in a cohort of 58 acute adult stroke patients at the Southwestern Ontario Regional Stroke Centre in London. In ...


The Association Between Doppler Measures Of Cardiac Function And Outcomes In Patients With Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction ≤ 40% Undergoing Noncardiovascular Surgeries, Yang Shi, Rachel Pedersen, Matthew Rappelt, Robyn Shearer, Nasir Z. Sulemanjee, Dianne L. Zwicke, T. Edward Hastings, Omar M. Cheema, Vinay Thohan 2017 Sheikh Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani Center for Integrative Research on Cardiovascular Aging, Aurora Research Institute

The Association Between Doppler Measures Of Cardiac Function And Outcomes In Patients With Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction ≤ 40% Undergoing Noncardiovascular Surgeries, Yang Shi, Rachel Pedersen, Matthew Rappelt, Robyn Shearer, Nasir Z. Sulemanjee, Dianne L. Zwicke, T. Edward Hastings, Omar M. Cheema, Vinay Thohan

Nasir Sulemanjee, MD, FACC

Background: Preoperative risk assessments of individuals who undergo major noncardiac surgery have focused on ischemic heart disease. Information on how to assess the noncardiac surgical risks for patients with depressed cardiac function, as seen in heart failure, is sparse. Echocardiography is routinely performed in patients with depressed cardiac function and is an accepted standard cardiac assessment. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) provides strong independent prognostic implications in a wide range of cardiovascular conditions. Purpose: To identify the echocardiographic parameters associated with outcomes among patients undergoing major noncardiac surgery. Methods: A retrospective single-institution investigation identified 1,770 patients who underwent one or more ...


Echocardiographic Predictors Of Admission Among Patients With Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction, Chi C. Cho, Yang Shi, Robyn Shearer, Nasir Z. Sulemanjee, Dianne L. Zwicke, T. Edward Hastings, Omar M. Cheema, Vinay Thohan 2017 Aurora Research Institute, Aurora Health Care

Echocardiographic Predictors Of Admission Among Patients With Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction, Chi C. Cho, Yang Shi, Robyn Shearer, Nasir Z. Sulemanjee, Dianne L. Zwicke, T. Edward Hastings, Omar M. Cheema, Vinay Thohan

Nasir Sulemanjee, MD, FACC

Background: Congestive heart failure afflicts 5.7 million people in the United States with annual incidence of 600,000 and mortality of 280,000. Heart failure accounts for greater than 1 million hospitalizations annually and the single largest inpatient Medicare expense. As the U.S. population ages and greater emphasis is placed on population health as a means to bend projected health care expenditures, large health care organizations will need to develop algorithms to identify patients at high risk with heart failure and possibly preempt hospitalizations. Doppler echocardiography is routinely performed in clinical assessment of severe heart failure.

Purpose: We ...


New Paradigms In The Treatment Of Acute Complicated And Uncomplicated Type B Aortic Dissection, Eric S. Weiss 2017 Aurora St. Luke's Medical Center, Aurora Health Care

New Paradigms In The Treatment Of Acute Complicated And Uncomplicated Type B Aortic Dissection, Eric S. Weiss

Eric Weiss, MD, MPH

The treatment of acute type B aortic dissection is a rapidly evolving field, due in a large part to the advent of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). This review will summarize the current literature on the management of both complicated and uncomplicated type B dissections, with special attention paid to emerging evidence supporting earlier aggressive treatment.


Echocardiographic Predictors Of Admission Among Patients With Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction, Chi C. Cho, Yang Shi, Robyn Shearer, Nasir Z. Sulemanjee, Dianne L. Zwicke, T. Edward Hastings, Omar M. Cheema, Vinay Thohan 2017 Aurora Research Institute, Aurora Health Care

Echocardiographic Predictors Of Admission Among Patients With Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction, Chi C. Cho, Yang Shi, Robyn Shearer, Nasir Z. Sulemanjee, Dianne L. Zwicke, T. Edward Hastings, Omar M. Cheema, Vinay Thohan

Dianne Zwicke, MD, FACC, FACP, FCCP

Background: Congestive heart failure afflicts 5.7 million people in the United States with annual incidence of 600,000 and mortality of 280,000. Heart failure accounts for greater than 1 million hospitalizations annually and the single largest inpatient Medicare expense. As the U.S. population ages and greater emphasis is placed on population health as a means to bend projected health care expenditures, large health care organizations will need to develop algorithms to identify patients at high risk with heart failure and possibly preempt hospitalizations. Doppler echocardiography is routinely performed in clinical assessment of severe heart failure.

Purpose: We ...


The Association Between Doppler Measures Of Cardiac Function And Outcomes In Patients With Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction ≤ 40% Undergoing Noncardiovascular Surgeries, Yang Shi, Rachel Pedersen, Matthew Rappelt, Robyn Shearer, Nasir Z. Sulemanjee, Dianne L. Zwicke, T. Edward Hastings, Omar M. Cheema, Vinay Thohan 2017 Sheikh Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani Center for Integrative Research on Cardiovascular Aging, Aurora Research Institute

The Association Between Doppler Measures Of Cardiac Function And Outcomes In Patients With Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction ≤ 40% Undergoing Noncardiovascular Surgeries, Yang Shi, Rachel Pedersen, Matthew Rappelt, Robyn Shearer, Nasir Z. Sulemanjee, Dianne L. Zwicke, T. Edward Hastings, Omar M. Cheema, Vinay Thohan

Dianne Zwicke, MD, FACC, FACP, FCCP

Background: Preoperative risk assessments of individuals who undergo major noncardiac surgery have focused on ischemic heart disease. Information on how to assess the noncardiac surgical risks for patients with depressed cardiac function, as seen in heart failure, is sparse. Echocardiography is routinely performed in patients with depressed cardiac function and is an accepted standard cardiac assessment. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) provides strong independent prognostic implications in a wide range of cardiovascular conditions. Purpose: To identify the echocardiographic parameters associated with outcomes among patients undergoing major noncardiac surgery. Methods: A retrospective single-institution investigation identified 1,770 patients who underwent one or more ...


Echocardiographic Predictors Of Admission Among Patients With Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction, Chi C. Cho, Yang Shi, Robyn Shearer, Nasir Z. Sulemanjee, Dianne L. Zwicke, T. Edward Hastings, Omar M. Cheema, Vinay Thohan 2017 Aurora Research Institute, Aurora Health Care

Echocardiographic Predictors Of Admission Among Patients With Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction, Chi C. Cho, Yang Shi, Robyn Shearer, Nasir Z. Sulemanjee, Dianne L. Zwicke, T. Edward Hastings, Omar M. Cheema, Vinay Thohan

Dianne Zwicke, MD, FACC, FACP, FCCP

Background: Congestive heart failure afflicts 5.7 million people in the United States with annual incidence of 600,000 and mortality of 280,000. Heart failure accounts for greater than 1 million hospitalizations annually and the single largest inpatient Medicare expense. As the U.S. population ages and greater emphasis is placed on population health as a means to bend projected health care expenditures, large health care organizations will need to develop algorithms to identify patients at high risk with heart failure and possibly preempt hospitalizations. Doppler echocardiography is routinely performed in clinical assessment of severe heart failure.

Purpose: We ...


The Association Between Doppler Measures Of Cardiac Function And Outcomes In Patients With Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction ≤ 40% Undergoing Noncardiovascular Surgeries, Yang Shi, Rachel Pedersen, Matthew Rappelt, Robyn Shearer, Nasir Z. Sulemanjee, Dianne L. Zwicke, T. Edward Hastings, Omar M. Cheema, Vinay Thohan 2017 Sheikh Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani Center for Integrative Research on Cardiovascular Aging, Aurora Research Institute

The Association Between Doppler Measures Of Cardiac Function And Outcomes In Patients With Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction ≤ 40% Undergoing Noncardiovascular Surgeries, Yang Shi, Rachel Pedersen, Matthew Rappelt, Robyn Shearer, Nasir Z. Sulemanjee, Dianne L. Zwicke, T. Edward Hastings, Omar M. Cheema, Vinay Thohan

Dianne Zwicke, MD, FACC, FACP, FCCP

Background: Preoperative risk assessments of individuals who undergo major noncardiac surgery have focused on ischemic heart disease. Information on how to assess the noncardiac surgical risks for patients with depressed cardiac function, as seen in heart failure, is sparse. Echocardiography is routinely performed in patients with depressed cardiac function and is an accepted standard cardiac assessment. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) provides strong independent prognostic implications in a wide range of cardiovascular conditions. Purpose: To identify the echocardiographic parameters associated with outcomes among patients undergoing major noncardiac surgery. Methods: A retrospective single-institution investigation identified 1,770 patients who underwent one or more ...


Echocardiographic Predictors Of Admission Among Patients With Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction, Chi C. Cho, Yang Shi, Robyn Shearer, Nasir Z. Sulemanjee, Dianne L. Zwicke, T. Edward Hastings, Omar M. Cheema, Vinay Thohan 2017 Aurora Research Institute, Aurora Health Care

Echocardiographic Predictors Of Admission Among Patients With Heart Failure With Reduced Ejection Fraction, Chi C. Cho, Yang Shi, Robyn Shearer, Nasir Z. Sulemanjee, Dianne L. Zwicke, T. Edward Hastings, Omar M. Cheema, Vinay Thohan

Dianne Zwicke, MD, FACC, FACP, FCCP

Background: Congestive heart failure afflicts 5.7 million people in the United States with annual incidence of 600,000 and mortality of 280,000. Heart failure accounts for greater than 1 million hospitalizations annually and the single largest inpatient Medicare expense. As the U.S. population ages and greater emphasis is placed on population health as a means to bend projected health care expenditures, large health care organizations will need to develop algorithms to identify patients at high risk with heart failure and possibly preempt hospitalizations. Doppler echocardiography is routinely performed in clinical assessment of severe heart failure.

Purpose: We ...


Patient Preferences For Cardiovascular Preventive Medication: A Systematic Review, Loai Albarqouni, Jenny Doust, Paul Glasziou 2017 Bond University

Patient Preferences For Cardiovascular Preventive Medication: A Systematic Review, Loai Albarqouni, Jenny Doust, Paul Glasziou

Jenny Doust

OBJECTIVE:

To systematically review current evidence regarding the minimum acceptable risk reduction of a cardiovascular event that patients feel would justify daily intake of a preventive medication.

METHODS:

We used the Web of Science to track the forward and backward citations of a set of five key articles until 15 November 2016. Studies were eligible if they quantitatively assessed the minimum acceptable benefit-in absolute values-of a cardiovascular disease preventive medication among a sample of the general population and required participants to choose if they would consider taking the medication.

RESULTS:

Of 341 studies screened, we included 22, involving a total ...


The Contribution Of Individual Exercise Training Components To Clinical Outcomes In Randomised Controlled Trials Of Cardiac Rehabilitation: A Systematic Review And Meta-Regression, Bridget Abell, Paul Glasziou, Tammy Hoffmann 2017 Bond University

The Contribution Of Individual Exercise Training Components To Clinical Outcomes In Randomised Controlled Trials Of Cardiac Rehabilitation: A Systematic Review And Meta-Regression, Bridget Abell, Paul Glasziou, Tammy Hoffmann

Paul Glasziou

Background While the clinical benefits of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation are well established, there is extensive variation in the interventions used within these trials. It is unknown whether variations in individual components of these exercise interventions provide different relative contributions to overall clinical outcomes. This study aims to systematically examine the relationship between individual components of the exercise intervention in cardiac rehabilitation (such as intensity and frequency) and clinical outcomes for people with coronary heart disease. Methods In this systematic review, eligible trials were identified via searches of databases (PubMed, Allied and Complementary Medicine, EMBASE, PEDro, Science Citation Index Expanded, CINAHL ...


Patient Preferences For Cardiovascular Preventive Medication: A Systematic Review, Loai Albarqouni, Jenny Doust, Paul Glasziou 2017 Bond University

Patient Preferences For Cardiovascular Preventive Medication: A Systematic Review, Loai Albarqouni, Jenny Doust, Paul Glasziou

Paul Glasziou

OBJECTIVE: To systematically review current evidence regarding the minimum acceptable risk reduction of a cardiovascular event that patients feel would justify daily intake of a preventive medication. METHODS: We used the Web of Science to track the forward and backward citations of a set of five key articles until 15 November 2016. Studies were eligible if they quantitatively assessed the minimum acceptable benefit-in absolute values-of a cardiovascular disease preventive medication among a sample of the general population and required participants to choose if they would consider taking the medication. RESULTS: Of 341 studies screened, we included 22, involving a total ...


Culturally Adaptive Storytelling Intervention Versus Didactic Intervention To Improve Hypertension Control In Vietnam: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Feasibility Trial, Hoa L. Nguyen, Jeroan J. Allison, Duc A. Ha, German Chiriboga, Ha N. Ly, Hanh T. Tran, Cuong K. Nguyen, Diem M. Dang, Ngoc T. Phan, Nguyen C. Vu, Quang P. Nguyen, Robert J. Goldberg 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Culturally Adaptive Storytelling Intervention Versus Didactic Intervention To Improve Hypertension Control In Vietnam: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Feasibility Trial, Hoa L. Nguyen, Jeroan J. Allison, Duc A. Ha, German Chiriboga, Ha N. Ly, Hanh T. Tran, Cuong K. Nguyen, Diem M. Dang, Ngoc T. Phan, Nguyen C. Vu, Quang P. Nguyen, Robert J. Goldberg

Robert J. Goldberg

BACKGROUND: Vietnam is experiencing an epidemiologic transition with an increased prevalence of non-communicable diseases. Novel, large-scale, effective, and sustainable interventions to control hypertension in Vietnam are needed. We report the results of a cluster-randomized feasibility trial at 3 months follow-up conducted in Hung Yen province, Vietnam, designed to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of two community-based interventions to improve hypertension control: a "storytelling" intervention, "We Talk about Our Hypertension," and a didactic intervention. METHODS: The storytelling intervention included stories about strategies for coping with hypertension, with patients speaking in their own words, and didactic content about the importance of healthy ...


Culturally Adaptive Storytelling Intervention Versus Didactic Intervention To Improve Hypertension Control In Vietnam: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Feasibility Trial, Hoa L. Nguyen, Jeroan J. Allison, Duc A. Ha, German Chiriboga, Ha N. Ly, Hanh T. Tran, Cuong K. Nguyen, Diem M. Dang, Ngoc T. Phan, Nguyen C. Vu, Quang P. Nguyen, Robert J. Goldberg 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Culturally Adaptive Storytelling Intervention Versus Didactic Intervention To Improve Hypertension Control In Vietnam: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Feasibility Trial, Hoa L. Nguyen, Jeroan J. Allison, Duc A. Ha, German Chiriboga, Ha N. Ly, Hanh T. Tran, Cuong K. Nguyen, Diem M. Dang, Ngoc T. Phan, Nguyen C. Vu, Quang P. Nguyen, Robert J. Goldberg

Jeroan J. Allison

BACKGROUND: Vietnam is experiencing an epidemiologic transition with an increased prevalence of non-communicable diseases. Novel, large-scale, effective, and sustainable interventions to control hypertension in Vietnam are needed. We report the results of a cluster-randomized feasibility trial at 3 months follow-up conducted in Hung Yen province, Vietnam, designed to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of two community-based interventions to improve hypertension control: a "storytelling" intervention, "We Talk about Our Hypertension," and a didactic intervention. METHODS: The storytelling intervention included stories about strategies for coping with hypertension, with patients speaking in their own words, and didactic content about the importance of healthy ...


Ten-Year (2001-2011) Trends In The Incidence Rates And Short-Term Outcomes Of Early Versus Late Onset Cardiogenic Shock After Hospitalization For Acute Myocardial Infarction, Hoa L. Nguyen, Jorge L. Yarzebski, Darleen M. Lessard, Joel M. Gore, David D. McManus, Robert J. Goldberg 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Ten-Year (2001-2011) Trends In The Incidence Rates And Short-Term Outcomes Of Early Versus Late Onset Cardiogenic Shock After Hospitalization For Acute Myocardial Infarction, Hoa L. Nguyen, Jorge L. Yarzebski, Darleen M. Lessard, Joel M. Gore, David D. Mcmanus, Robert J. Goldberg

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Cardiogenic shock (CS) is a serious complication of acute myocardial infarction, and the time of onset of CS has a potential role in influencing its prognosis. Limited contemporary data exist on this complication, however, especially from a population-based perspective. Our study objectives were to describe decade-long trends in the incidence, in-hospital mortality, and factors associated with the development of CS in 3 temporal contexts: (1) before hospital arrival for acute myocardial infarction (prehospital CS); (2) within 24 hours of hospitalization (early CS); and (3) > /=24 hours after hospitalization (late CS).

METHODS AND RESULTS: The study population consisted of 5782 ...


Ten-Year (2001-2011) Trends In The Incidence Rates And Short-Term Outcomes Of Early Versus Late Onset Cardiogenic Shock After Hospitalization For Acute Myocardial Infarction, Hoa L. Nguyen, Jorge L. Yarzebski, Darleen M. Lessard, Joel M. Gore, David D. McManus, Robert J. Goldberg 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Ten-Year (2001-2011) Trends In The Incidence Rates And Short-Term Outcomes Of Early Versus Late Onset Cardiogenic Shock After Hospitalization For Acute Myocardial Infarction, Hoa L. Nguyen, Jorge L. Yarzebski, Darleen M. Lessard, Joel M. Gore, David D. Mcmanus, Robert J. Goldberg

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Cardiogenic shock (CS) is a serious complication of acute myocardial infarction, and the time of onset of CS has a potential role in influencing its prognosis. Limited contemporary data exist on this complication, however, especially from a population-based perspective. Our study objectives were to describe decade-long trends in the incidence, in-hospital mortality, and factors associated with the development of CS in 3 temporal contexts: (1) before hospital arrival for acute myocardial infarction (prehospital CS); (2) within 24 hours of hospitalization (early CS); and (3) > /=24 hours after hospitalization (late CS).

METHODS AND RESULTS: The study population consisted of 5782 ...


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