Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Cardiovascular Diseases Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

1,491 Full-Text Articles 4,301 Authors 171,128 Downloads 114 Institutions

All Articles in Cardiovascular Diseases

Faceted Search

1,491 full-text articles. Page 4 of 66.

Inequalities In The Use Of Secondary Prevention Of Cardiovascular Disease By Socioeconomic Status: Evidence From The Pure Observational Study, Adrianna Murphy, Benjamin Palafox, Owen O'Donnell, David Stuckler, Pablo Perel, Khalid F. AlHabib, Alvaro Avezum, Xiulin Bai, Jephat Chifamba, Romaina Iqbal 2018 London School of Tropical Medicine, London, UK.

Inequalities In The Use Of Secondary Prevention Of Cardiovascular Disease By Socioeconomic Status: Evidence From The Pure Observational Study, Adrianna Murphy, Benjamin Palafox, Owen O'Donnell, David Stuckler, Pablo Perel, Khalid F. Alhabib, Alvaro Avezum, Xiulin Bai, Jephat Chifamba, Romaina Iqbal

Community Health Sciences

Background: There is little evidence on the use of secondary prevention medicines for cardiovascular disease by socioeconomic groups in countries at different levels of economic development.
Methods: We assessed use of antiplatelet, cholesterol, and blood-pressure-lowering drugs in 8492 individuals with self-reported cardiovascular disease from 21 countries enrolled in the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study. Defining one or more drugs as a minimal level of secondary prevention, wealth-related inequality was measured using the Wagstaff concentration index, scaled from -1 (pro-poor) to 1 (pro-rich), standardised by age and sex. Correlations between inequalities and national health-related indicators were estimated.
Findings: The ...


Hypertension Knowledge, Heart Healthy Lifestyle Practices And Medication Adherence Among Adults With Hypertension, Hawa Ozien Abu, Hanan Aboumatar, Kathryn Carson, Robert J. Goldberg, Lisa Cooper 2018 University of Massachusetts Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences

Hypertension Knowledge, Heart Healthy Lifestyle Practices And Medication Adherence Among Adults With Hypertension, Hawa Ozien Abu, Hanan Aboumatar, Kathryn Carson, Robert J. Goldberg, Lisa Cooper

University of Massachusetts Medical School Publications

Objective: To assess patients’ knowledge about hypertension and its association with heart healthy lifestyle practices and medication adherence.

Methods: We conducted a cross sectional survey of 385 adults with hypertension treated at 2 primary care clinics in Baltimore, Maryland, USA. We used an 11-item measure to assess hypertension knowledge and obtained self-reports on dietary changes, engagement in aerobic exercise and medication adherence.

Results: Approximately 85% of patients properly identified high blood pressure, but more than two-thirds were unaware that hypertension lasts a lifetime once diagnosed; one-third were unaware that hypertension could lead to renal disease. Patients with low hypertension knowledge ...


Recent Trends In Oral Anticoagulant Use And Post-Discharge Complications Among Atrial Fibrillation Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction, Amartya Kundu, Kevin O. Day, Darleen M. Lessard, Joel M. Gore, Hong Yu, Mohammed W. Akhter, Daniel Z. Fisher, Robert M. Hayward Jr, Nils Henninger, Alok Kapoor, Jorge L. Yarzebski, Robert J. Goldberg, David D. McManus 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Recent Trends In Oral Anticoagulant Use And Post-Discharge Complications Among Atrial Fibrillation Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction, Amartya Kundu, Kevin O. Day, Darleen M. Lessard, Joel M. Gore, Hong Yu, Mohammed W. Akhter, Daniel Z. Fisher, Robert M. Hayward Jr, Nils Henninger, Alok Kapoor, Jorge L. Yarzebski, Robert J. Goldberg, David D. Mcmanus

Quantitative Health Sciences Publications and Presentations

Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a common complication of acute myocardial infarction (AMI).The CHA2DS2VAScand CHADS2risk scoresare used to identifypatients with AF at risk for strokeand to guide oral anticoagulants (OAC) use, including patients with AMI. However, the epidemiology of AF, further stratifiedaccording to patients' risk of stroke, has not been wellcharacterized among those hospitalized for AMI.

Methods: We examined trends in the frequency of AF, rates of discharge OAC use, and post-discharge outcomes among 6,627 residents of the Worcester, Massachusetts area who survived hospitalization for AMI at 11 medical centers between 1997 and 2011.

Results: A total of ...


Risk Factors For Major Early Adverse Events Related To Cardiac Catheterization In Children And Young Adults With Pulmonary Hypertension: An Analysis Of Data From The Impact (Improving Adult And Congenital Treatment) Registry., Michael L O'Byrne, Kevin F Kennedy, Joshua P Kanter, John T Berger, Andrew C Glatz 2018 George Washington University

Risk Factors For Major Early Adverse Events Related To Cardiac Catheterization In Children And Young Adults With Pulmonary Hypertension: An Analysis Of Data From The Impact (Improving Adult And Congenital Treatment) Registry., Michael L O'Byrne, Kevin F Kennedy, Joshua P Kanter, John T Berger, Andrew C Glatz

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Cardiac catheterization is the gold standard for assessment and follow-up of patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH). To date, there are limited data about the factors that influence the risk of catastrophic adverse events after catheterization in this population.

METHODS AND RESULTS: A retrospective multicenter cohort study was performed to measure risk of catastrophic adverse outcomes after catheterization in children and young adults with PH and identify risk factors for these outcomes. All catheterizations in children and young adults, aged 0 to 21 years, with PH at hospitals submitting data to the IMPACT (Improving Adult and Congenital Treatment) registry between ...


Splenic Infarction: An Under-Recognized Complication Of Infectious Mononucleosis?, Yan Li, Ann George, Sami Arnaout, Jennifer P. Wang, George M. Abraham 2018 Saint Vincent Hospital

Splenic Infarction: An Under-Recognized Complication Of Infectious Mononucleosis?, Yan Li, Ann George, Sami Arnaout, Jennifer P. Wang, George M. Abraham

Open Access Articles

Splenic infarction is a rare complication of infectious mononucleosis. We describe 3 cases of splenic infarction attributed to infectious mononucleosis that we encountered within a 2-month period. We underscore the awareness of this potential complication of infectious mononucleosis and discuss the differential diagnosis of splenic infarction, including infectious etiologies. While symptomatic management is usually sufficient for infectious mononucleosis-associated splenic infarction, close monitoring for other complications, including splenic rupture, is mandated.


Review Of Kawasaki Disease, Rani Shah, Hisham Hirzallah, Munes Fares, Ashwini Mallad, Gudjon Karlsson, Mehiar El-Hamdani 2018 Marshall University

Review Of Kawasaki Disease, Rani Shah, Hisham Hirzallah, Munes Fares, Ashwini Mallad, Gudjon Karlsson, Mehiar El-Hamdani

Mehiar El Hamdani, MD

Abstract

Background: Kawasaki disease is one of the leading causes of acquired heart disease in children. It is an acute self-limited vasculitis that predominantly affects infants and children younger than 5 years of age. These patients present with nonspecific symptoms, such as fever and lymphadenopathy, making the diagnosis challenging. This disease can have serious and potentially fatal outcomes, and prompt recognition of this disease is vital to the patient’s outcome. We present a complete review of the disease, including the epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and management of acute Kawasaki disease, the natural history of this disease, and follow up of ...


Novel Candidate Genes Important For Asthma And Hypertension Comorbidity Revealed From Associative Gene Networks, Olga V. Saik, Pavel S. Demenkov, Timofey V. Ivanisenko, Elena Yu. Bragina, Maxim B. Freidin, Irina A. Goncharova, Victor E. Dosenko, Olga I. Zolotareva, Ralf Hofestaedt, Inna N. Lavrik, Evgeny I. Rogaev, Vladimir A. Ivanisenko 2018 Institute of Cytology and Genetics

Novel Candidate Genes Important For Asthma And Hypertension Comorbidity Revealed From Associative Gene Networks, Olga V. Saik, Pavel S. Demenkov, Timofey V. Ivanisenko, Elena Yu. Bragina, Maxim B. Freidin, Irina A. Goncharova, Victor E. Dosenko, Olga I. Zolotareva, Ralf Hofestaedt, Inna N. Lavrik, Evgeny I. Rogaev, Vladimir A. Ivanisenko

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Hypertension and bronchial asthma are a major issue for people's health. As of 2014, approximately one billion adults, or ~ 22% of the world population, have had hypertension. As of 2011, 235-330 million people globally have been affected by asthma and approximately 250,000-345,000 people have died each year from the disease. The development of the effective treatment therapies against these diseases is complicated by their comorbidity features. This is often a major problem in diagnosis and their treatment. Hence, in this study the bioinformatical methodology for the analysis of the comorbidity of these two diseases have been ...


Antiplatelet Therapy Changes For Patients With Myocardial Infarction With Recurrent Ischemic Events: Insights Into Contemporary Practice From The Translate-Acs (Treatment With Adp Receptor Inhibitors: Longitudinal Assessment Of Treatment Patterns And Events After Acute Coronary Syndrome) Study, Alexander C. Fanaroff, Lisa A. Kaltenbach, Eric D. Peterson, Mohammed W. Akhter, Mark B. Effron, Timothy D. Henry, Tracy Y. Wang 2018 Duke University

Antiplatelet Therapy Changes For Patients With Myocardial Infarction With Recurrent Ischemic Events: Insights Into Contemporary Practice From The Translate-Acs (Treatment With Adp Receptor Inhibitors: Longitudinal Assessment Of Treatment Patterns And Events After Acute Coronary Syndrome) Study, Alexander C. Fanaroff, Lisa A. Kaltenbach, Eric D. Peterson, Mohammed W. Akhter, Mark B. Effron, Timothy D. Henry, Tracy Y. Wang

Cardiovascular Medicine Publications and Presentations

BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend P2Y12 inhibitor therapy for 1 year after myocardial infarction (MI), yet little guidance is provided on antiplatelet management for patients with recurrent ischemic events during that year. We describe changes in P2Y12 inhibitor type among patients with recurrent ischemic events in the first year after MI.

METHODS AND RESULTS: The TRANSLATE-ACS (Treatment With ADP Receptor Inhibitors: Longitudinal Assessment of Treatment Patterns and Events After Acute Coronary Syndrome) study enrolled 12 365 patients with MI treated with percutaneous coronary intervention. We examined whether P2Y12 inhibitor choice changed among patients with recurrent MI, stent thrombosis, and/or unplanned revascularization ...


Antiplatelet Therapy Changes For Patients With Myocardial Infarction With Recurrent Ischemic Events: Insights Into Contemporary Practice From The Translate-Acs (Treatment With Adp Receptor Inhibitors: Longitudinal Assessment Of Treatment Patterns And Events After Acute Coronary Syndrome) Study, Alexander C. Fanaroff, Lisa A. Kaltenbach, Eric D. Peterson, Mohammed W. Akhter, Mark B. Effron, Timothy D. Henry, Tracy Y. Wang 2018 Duke University

Antiplatelet Therapy Changes For Patients With Myocardial Infarction With Recurrent Ischemic Events: Insights Into Contemporary Practice From The Translate-Acs (Treatment With Adp Receptor Inhibitors: Longitudinal Assessment Of Treatment Patterns And Events After Acute Coronary Syndrome) Study, Alexander C. Fanaroff, Lisa A. Kaltenbach, Eric D. Peterson, Mohammed W. Akhter, Mark B. Effron, Timothy D. Henry, Tracy Y. Wang

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend P2Y12 inhibitor therapy for 1 year after myocardial infarction (MI), yet little guidance is provided on antiplatelet management for patients with recurrent ischemic events during that year. We describe changes in P2Y12 inhibitor type among patients with recurrent ischemic events in the first year after MI.

METHODS AND RESULTS: The TRANSLATE-ACS (Treatment With ADP Receptor Inhibitors: Longitudinal Assessment of Treatment Patterns and Events After Acute Coronary Syndrome) study enrolled 12 365 patients with MI treated with percutaneous coronary intervention. We examined whether P2Y12 inhibitor choice changed among patients with recurrent MI, stent thrombosis, and/or unplanned revascularization ...


Adropin: An Endocrine Link Between The Biological Clock And Cholesterol Homeostasis, Sarbani Ghoshal, Joseph R. Stevens, Cyrielle Billon, Clemence Girardet, Sadichha Sitaula, Arthur S. Leon, D.C. Rao, James S. Skinner, Tuomo Rankinen, Claude Bouchard, Marinelle V. Nuñez, Kimber L. Stanhope, Deborah A. Howatt, Alan Daugherty, Jinsong Zhang, Matthew Schuelke, Edward P. Weiss, Alisha R. Coffey, Brian J. Bennett, Praveen Sethupathy, Thomas P. Burris, Peter J. Havel, Andrew A. Butler 2018 Saint Louis University

Adropin: An Endocrine Link Between The Biological Clock And Cholesterol Homeostasis, Sarbani Ghoshal, Joseph R. Stevens, Cyrielle Billon, Clemence Girardet, Sadichha Sitaula, Arthur S. Leon, D.C. Rao, James S. Skinner, Tuomo Rankinen, Claude Bouchard, Marinelle V. Nuñez, Kimber L. Stanhope, Deborah A. Howatt, Alan Daugherty, Jinsong Zhang, Matthew Schuelke, Edward P. Weiss, Alisha R. Coffey, Brian J. Bennett, Praveen Sethupathy, Thomas P. Burris, Peter J. Havel, Andrew A. Butler

Physiology Faculty Publications

Objective

Identify determinants of plasma adropin concentrations, a secreted peptide translated from the Energy Homeostasis Associated (ENHO) gene linked to metabolic control and vascular function.

Methods

Associations between plasma adropin concentrations, demographics (sex, age, BMI) and circulating biomarkers of lipid and glucose metabolism were assessed in plasma obtained after an overnight fast in humans. The regulation of adropin expression was then assessed in silico, in cultured human cells, and in animal models.

Results

In humans, plasma adropin concentrations are inversely related to atherogenic LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C) levels in men (n = 349), but not in women (n = 401). Analysis of hepatic Enho ...


Review Of Kawasaki Disease, Rani Shah, Hisham Hirzallah, Munes Fares, Ashwini Mallad, Gudjon Karlsson, Mehiar El-Hamdani 2018 Marshall University

Review Of Kawasaki Disease, Rani Shah, Hisham Hirzallah, Munes Fares, Ashwini Mallad, Gudjon Karlsson, Mehiar El-Hamdani

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Abstract

Background: Kawasaki disease is one of the leading causes of acquired heart disease in children. It is an acute self-limited vasculitis that predominantly affects infants and children younger than 5 years of age. These patients present with nonspecific symptoms, such as fever and lymphadenopathy, making the diagnosis challenging. This disease can have serious and potentially fatal outcomes, and prompt recognition of this disease is vital to the patient’s outcome. We present a complete review of the disease, including the epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and management of acute Kawasaki disease, the natural history of this disease, and follow up of ...


Pilot Study To Assess Visualization And Therapy Of Inflammatory Mechanisms After Vessel Reopening In A Mouse Stroke Model, Ebba Beller, Laura Reuter, Anne Kluge, Christine Preibisch, Ute Lindauer, Alexei A. Bogdanov Jr., Friederike Lammer, Claire Delbridge, Kaspar Matiasek, Benedikt J. Schwaiger, Tobias Boeckh-Behrens, Claus Zimmer, Alexandra S. Gersing 2018 Klinikum rechts der Isar der Technischen Universität München

Pilot Study To Assess Visualization And Therapy Of Inflammatory Mechanisms After Vessel Reopening In A Mouse Stroke Model, Ebba Beller, Laura Reuter, Anne Kluge, Christine Preibisch, Ute Lindauer, Alexei A. Bogdanov Jr., Friederike Lammer, Claire Delbridge, Kaspar Matiasek, Benedikt J. Schwaiger, Tobias Boeckh-Behrens, Claus Zimmer, Alexandra S. Gersing

Radiology Publications and Presentations

After reperfusion therapy in stroke patients secondary inflammatory processes may increase cerebral damage. In this pilot study, effects of anti-inflammatory therapy were assessed in a middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) mouse model after reperfusion. 1 hour after MCAO, the artery was reopened and tacrolimus or NaCl were administered intra-arterially. Perfusion-weighted (PWI) and diffusion-weighted images (DWI) were obtained by MRI during MCAO. DWI, T2- and T1-weighted images with and without Bis-5HT-DTPA administration were obtained 24 hours after MCAO. Neutrophils, Myeloperoxidase-positive-(MPO+)-cells and microglia, including M1 and M2 phenotypes, were assessed immunohistochemically. Treatment with tacrolimus led to significantly smaller apparent diffusion ...


Long-Term Exposure Of Fine Particulate Matter Causes Hypertension By Impaired Renal D1 Receptor-Mediated Sodium Excretion Via Upregulation Of G-Protein-Coupled Receptor Kinase Type 4 Expression In Sprague-Dawley Rats., Xi Lu, Zhengmeng Ye, Shuo Zheng, Hongmei Ren, Jing Zeng, Xinquan Wang, Pedro A Jose, Ken Chen, Chunyu Zeng 2018 George Washington University

Long-Term Exposure Of Fine Particulate Matter Causes Hypertension By Impaired Renal D1 Receptor-Mediated Sodium Excretion Via Upregulation Of G-Protein-Coupled Receptor Kinase Type 4 Expression In Sprague-Dawley Rats., Xi Lu, Zhengmeng Ye, Shuo Zheng, Hongmei Ren, Jing Zeng, Xinquan Wang, Pedro A Jose, Ken Chen, Chunyu Zeng

Medicine Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Epidemiological evidence supports an important association between air pollution exposure and hypertension. However, the mechanisms are not clear.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Our present study found that long-term exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) causes hypertension and impairs renal sodium excretion, which might be ascribed to lower D1 receptor expression and higher D1 receptor phosphorylation, accompanied with a higher G-protein-coupled receptor kinase type 4 (GRK4) expression. The in vivo results were confirmed in in vitro studies (ie, PM2.5 increased basal and decreased D1 receptor mediated inhibitory effect on Na+-K+ ATPase activity, decreased D1 receptor expression, and increased ...


The Association Between A Body Shape Index And Cardiovascular Risk In Overweight And Obese Children And Adolescents, Chiara Mameli, Nir Y. Krakauer, Jesse C. Karakauer, Alessandra Bosetti, Chiara Matilde Ferrari, Norma Moiana, Laura Schneider, Barbara Borsani, Teresa Genoni, Gianvincenzo Zuccotti 2018 University of Milan

The Association Between A Body Shape Index And Cardiovascular Risk In Overweight And Obese Children And Adolescents, Chiara Mameli, Nir Y. Krakauer, Jesse C. Karakauer, Alessandra Bosetti, Chiara Matilde Ferrari, Norma Moiana, Laura Schneider, Barbara Borsani, Teresa Genoni, Gianvincenzo Zuccotti

Publications and Research

A Body Shape Index (ABSI) and normalized hip circumference (Hip Index, HI) have been recently shown to be strong risk factors for mortality and for cardiovascular disease in adults. We conducted an observational cross-sectional study to evaluate the relationship between ABSI, HI and cardiometabolic risk factors and obesity-related comorbidities in overweight and obese children and adolescents aged 2±18 years. We performed multivariate linear and logistic regression analyses with BMI, ABSI, and HI age and sex normalized z scores as predictors to examine the association with cardiometabolic risk markers (systolic and diastolic blood pressure, fasting glucose and insulin, total cholesterol ...


Bulgaria: Brucellosis, Austin Wheeler 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Bulgaria: Brucellosis, Austin Wheeler

Global Public Health

In this brief we will discuss how a disease called Brucellosis has affected the country of Bulgaria. Bulgaria is a European country located towards the South Eastern part of Europe. A few points mentioned in the brief are what the disease can do to your body, through education of the disease we can show what a serious problem it is. The brief will also cover how you can contract the disease through animals, and how you can prevent contraction from occurring. The brief also includes a lot about the religious background of the country. This should hopefully be used to ...


Chile: Air Pollution, Kara Eder 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Chile: Air Pollution, Kara Eder

Global Public Health

Chile faces a constant issue of air pollution, reaping respiratory health problems for citizens in urban areas. While the many cases over the past century have increased officials to take action on the issue, the growing infrastructure and economy of the country makes it difficult to regulate harmful emissions. Wood-burning heaters within urban residential areas also contribute to the unhealthy smog. Ingestion of these forms of matter in the air causes respiratory symptoms such as bronchitis and cardiovascular disease. Bans on such heaters and taxes on vehicle emissions were placed in order to prevent the severity of pollutants in the ...


Halting Progression Of Stasis Dermatitis: Community Perspectives And Strategies For Prevention, Allison B. Robbins 2018 University of Vermont

Halting Progression Of Stasis Dermatitis: Community Perspectives And Strategies For Prevention, Allison B. Robbins

Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects

Complications of stasis dermatitis including venous ulcers, osteomyelitis, and cellulitis all significantly increase morbidity and mortality of disease. Progression beyond stasis dermatitis and avoidance of the aforementioned complications are preventable with patient education and adherence to basic therapies including compression stockings and lifestyle modification. Therefore the goals of this project were to: assess the community’s understanding of stasis dermatitis and their awareness of its complications; use this information to help healthcare providers tailor their preventative health counseling accordingly; and provide education for patients on stasis dermatitis, its complications, and therapies/behavioral changes to prevent disease progression.


Grenada: Cardiovascular Disease, Talayah Lemon 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Grenada: Cardiovascular Disease, Talayah Lemon

Global Public Health

Grenada has a population of 109,011 people. This public health brief encompasses cardiovascular disease and its impact in the country of Grenada. The country suffers from high level of AIDS/HIV, obesity, diabetes, etc. However, Cardiovascular disease is very prevalent in Grenada. About 34% of the population suffer from the disease. Cardiovascular disease affects the blood supply flow to the heart. Grenada’s health system has provided solutions such as providing adequate health care, but lack some healthcare services, such as cardiology and vascular surgeries. Cardiovascular disease has a huge impact on the population, but Grenada works towards ways ...


Cuba: Coronary Heart Disease, Michaela Loizzi 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Cuba: Coronary Heart Disease, Michaela Loizzi

Global Public Health

Cuba has a strong health care system with universal health care for their citizens over 40 years old. Despite the strong health care system Cuba lacks the resources necessary to treat coronary heart disease, the leading cause of death in the country. The country’s whole population is affected by coronary heart disease however the most affected is the lower class due unaffordable treatment. The primary causes of coronary heart disease includes their daily lifestyle such as, physical inactivity, diet, and excessive smoking. It is important to note that the major factors in Cuba leading to coronary heart disease are ...


Hungary: Cardiovascular Disease, Taylor Steger 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Hungary: Cardiovascular Disease, Taylor Steger

Global Public Health

Hungary faces many public health issues. In particular, cardiovascular disease has impacted the majority of the Hungarian people with a mortality rate of 50-60%. The high consumption of fattening food, excessive alcohol drinking, smoking habits and tobacco use impact the entire population’s health status. This disease impacts blood vessels and causes them to narrow or be blocked. This blockage causes blood flow from the heart to be suppressed which can cause heart attacks, strokes etc. Hungary has the highest amount of people with cardiovascular disease out of all European countries. The most impacted people are in the urban areas ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress