Differential Impact Of Serial Measurement Of Nonplatelet Thromboxane Generation On Long-Term Outcome After Cardiac Surgery, 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Differential Impact Of Serial Measurement Of Nonplatelet Thromboxane Generation On Long-Term Outcome After Cardiac Surgery, Nikolaos Kakouros, Tyler J. Gluckman, John V. Conte, Thomas S. Kickler, Katherine Laws, Bruce A. Barton, Jeffrey J. Rade
University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications
BACKGROUND: Systemic thromboxane generation, not suppressible by standard aspirin therapy and likely arising from nonplatelet sources, increases the risk of atherothrombosis and death in patients with cardiovascular disease. In the RIGOR (Reduction in Graft Occlusion Rates) study, greater nonplatelet thromboxane generation occurred early compared with late after coronary artery bypass graft surgery, although only the latter correlated with graft failure. We hypothesize that a similar differential association exists between nonplatelet thromboxane generation and long-term clinical outcome.
METHODS AND RESULTS: Five-year outcome data were analyzed for 290 RIGOR subjects taking aspirin with suppressed platelet thromboxane generation. Multivariable modeling was performed to ...
Biomarkers Of Cardiovascular Disease, 2017 Cleveland Clinic
Biomarkers Of Cardiovascular Disease, Ying Huang, Kailash Gulshan, Truc Nguyen, Yuping Wu
Mathematics Faculty Publications
No abstract provided.
Abnormal Contractility In Human Heart Myofibrils From Patients With Dilated Cardiomyopathy Due To Mutations In Ttn And Contractile Protein Genes, Petr G. Vikhorev, Natalia Smoktunowicz, Alex B. Munster, O'Neal Copeland, Sawa Kostin, Cecile Montgiraud, Andrew E. Messer, Mohammad R. Toliat, Amy Li, Cristobal G. Dos Remedios, Sean Lal, Cheavar A. Blair, Kenneth S. Campbell, Maya E. Guglin, Ralph Knoll, Steven B. Marston
Physiology Faculty Publications
Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is an important cause of heart failure. Single gene mutations in at least 50 genes have been proposed to account for 25–50% of DCM cases and up to 25% of inherited DCM has been attributed to truncating mutations in the sarcomeric structural protein titin (TTNtv). Whilst the primary molecular mechanism of some DCM-associated mutations in the contractile apparatus has been studied in vitro and in transgenic mice, the contractile defect in human heart muscle has not been studied. In this study we isolated cardiac myofibrils from 3 TTNtv mutants, and 3 with contractile protein mutations (TNNI3 ...
Relationship Of Self-Determination Theory Constructs And Physical Activity And Diet In A Mexican American Population In Nueces County, Texas, Joan E. Cowdery, Jiawei Xing, Brisa N. Sanchez, Kathleen M. Conley, Ken Resnicow, Lewis B. Morgenstern, Devin L. Brown
Health Behavior Research
Due to disparities in stroke risk among U.S. Hispanics, the need for culturally tailored, theory based effective health behavior change interventions persists. The purpose of this study was to examine self-determination theory (SDT) constructs related to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in a predominantly Mexican American population. The Stroke Health and Risk Education (SHARE) project was a cluster-randomized, faith-based behavioral intervention trial that enrolled Mexican Americans (MAs) and non-Hispanic whites (NHWs) from Catholic Churches in Nueces County, Texas. Data regarding SDT constructs and dietary and physical activity behaviors were collected via computer-assisted interviews using standardized instruments at the baseline ...
A Tissue-Specific, Gata6-Driven Transcriptional Program Instructs Remodeling Of The Mature Arterial Tree, 2017 University of Manchester
A Tissue-Specific, Gata6-Driven Transcriptional Program Instructs Remodeling Of The Mature Arterial Tree, Marta Losa, Victor Latorre, Munazah Andrabi, Franck Ladam, Charles G. Sagerstrom, Ana Novoa, Peyman Zarrineh, Laure Bridoux, Neil A. Hanley, Moises Mallo, Nicoletta Bobola
Open Access Articles
Connection of the heart to the systemic circulation is a critical developmental event that requires selective preservation of embryonic vessels (aortic arches). However, why some aortic arches regress while others are incorporated into the mature aortic tree remains unclear. By microdissection and deep sequencing in mouse, we find that neural crest (NC) only differentiates into vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) around those aortic arches destined for survival and reorganization, and identify the transcription factor Gata6 as a crucial regulator of this process. Gata6 is expressed in SMCs and its target genes activation control SMC differentiation. Furthermore, Gata6 is sufficient to ...
Magnitude And Characteristics Of Patients Who Survived An Acute Myocardial Infarction, 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Magnitude And Characteristics Of Patients Who Survived An Acute Myocardial Infarction, Mayra Tisminetzky, Tracy Y. Wang, Jerry H. Gurwitz, Lisa A. Kaltenbach, David D. Mcmanus, Joel M. Gore, Eric Peterson, Robert J. Goldberg
University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to describe the magnitude and characteristics of patients who did not experience any significant major adverse cardiovascular event early (within 6 weeks) and late (during the first year) after hospital discharge for an acute myocardial infarction (AMI).
METHODS AND RESULTS: Data from 12 243 patients discharged after an AMI from 233 sites across the United States in the TRANSLATE-ACS (Treatment With ADP Receptor Inhibitors: Longitudinal Assessment of Treatment Patterns and Events After Acute Coronary Syndrome) study were analyzed. Multivariable adjusted regression analyses modeled factors associated with 6-week and 1-year survivors who did not ...
Radiation-Free Cmr Diagnostic Heart Catheterization In Children., 2017 George Washington University
Radiation-Free Cmr Diagnostic Heart Catheterization In Children., Kanishka Ratnayaka, Joshua P Kanter, Anthony Z Faranesh, Elena K Grant, Laura J Olivieri, Russell R Cross, Ileen F Cronin, Karin S Hamann, Adrienne E Campbell-Washburn, Kendall J O'Brien, Toby Rogers, Michael S Hansen, Robert J Lederman
Pediatrics Faculty Publications
BACKGROUND: Children with heart disease may require repeated X-Ray cardiac catheterization procedures, are more radiosensitive, and more likely to survive to experience oncologic risks of medical radiation. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is radiation-free and offers information about structure, function, and perfusion but not hemodynamics. We intend to perform complete radiation-free diagnostic right heart catheterization entirely using CMR fluoroscopy guidance in an unselected cohort of pediatric patients; we report the feasibility and safety.
METHODS: We performed 50 CMR fluoroscopy guided comprehensive transfemoral right heart catheterizations in 39 pediatric (12.7 ± 4.7 years) subjects referred for clinically indicated cardiac catheterization. CMR ...
The Recognition Of Hpv Infection As A Risk Factor For Cardiovascular Disease In Men, 2017 Duquesne University
The Recognition Of Hpv Infection As A Risk Factor For Cardiovascular Disease In Men, Hayley Stettner
Graduate Student Research Symposium
Human papilloma virus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection. Strains 16 and 18 are causes of cervical, anogenital, and oropharyngeal cancer. A study found a nearly 3-fold increase in incidence of cardiovascular (CV) events, i.e. stroke and myocardial infarction (MI), in HPV-infected women. HPV-16 and 18 contain protein E6 that binds to p53 tumor suppressor protein, which aids in regulating atherosclerosis, and causes p53 protein degeneration. Additional studies have linked absence of p53 protein to accumulation of atherosclerosis in the body, which is the leading cause of CV events. Presented is a case of a 55-year old ...
The Effect Of Health Insurance Coverage And The Doctor-Patient Relationship On Health Care Utilization In High Poverty Neighborhoods, 2017 George Washington University
The Effect Of Health Insurance Coverage And The Doctor-Patient Relationship On Health Care Utilization In High Poverty Neighborhoods, Destini Smith, Alan Akira, Kenneth Hudson, Andrea Hudson, Marcellus Hudson, Marcus Mitchell, Errol Crook
School of Medicine and Health Sciences Student Works
African Americans have higher rates of mortality than whites who are the same age and sex. We hypothesize that in low socioeconomic status neighborhoods, having health insurance coverage and a regular health care provider increases the likelihood of receiving diagnostic tests for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. We use data from a random two-stage cluster sample of 230 adults living in high poverty census tracts to examine the effects of insurance coverage and having a regular doctor on the likelihood receiving diagnostic tests for high cholesterol, high blood sugar, and blood pressure. We find that health insurance coverage increases the odds ...
Reframing Outcome Measures For Thrombolytics In Acute Ischemic Stroke, 2017 DMC-Sinai Grace Hospital Emergency Medicine Residency
Reframing Outcome Measures For Thrombolytics In Acute Ischemic Stroke, Brandon Baker, Charles W. Kropf, Nicholus Yee, James Peter Meza
Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates
An informed consent conversation examining relevant research and discussing the potential benefits and harms of thrombolytic therapy in acute stroke.
Statin-Associated Muscle Symptoms (Sams) In Primary Prevention For Cardiovascular Disease In Older Adults, 2017 University of Tasmania, Anhui University
Statin-Associated Muscle Symptoms (Sams) In Primary Prevention For Cardiovascular Disease In Older Adults, Zhen Zhou, Loai Albarqouni, Monique Breslin, Andrea J. Curtis, Mark Nelson
Faculty of Health Sciences & Medicine Publications
INTRODUCTION: Although statins are commonly used for prevention of cardiovascular disease, there is limited evidence about statin-related adverse effects in older people. Statin-related adverse events (AEs), especially the statin-associated muscle symptoms (SAMS), are the most common reasons for their discontinuation. Therefore, it is important to determine the risk of SAMS in the older population. We will undertake a systematic review and meta-analysis primarily focusing on the risk of SAMS and secondarily targeting myopathy, rhabdomyolysis, AEs and serious AEs, dropouts due to SAMS in run-in period, related permanent discontinuation rate of statins and creatine kinase level, among older people who received ...
Clinical Outcomes After Drug-Eluting Stents Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery In High Surgical Risk Patients With Left Main Or Three-Vessel Coronary Artery Disease, 2017 Aurora Sinai/Aurora St. Luke's Medical Centers, Aurora Health Care
Clinical Outcomes After Drug-Eluting Stents Versus Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery In High Surgical Risk Patients With Left Main Or Three-Vessel Coronary Artery Disease, Tonga Nfor, Kambiz Shetabi, Wael Hassan, Quinta Nfor, Jayant Khitha, Anjan Gupta, Tanvir Bajwa, Suhail Allaqaband
Aurora Cardiology Fellows
Purpose Previous studies comparing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) in patients with unprotected left main or three-vessel coronary artery disease (LM-3VD) have excluded patients at high surgical risk. We compared clinical outcomes after PCI with drug-eluting stents to CABG in high surgical risk patients with LM-3VD. Methods Patients with symptomatic LM-3VD who had Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS)-predicted operative mortality >5% and were undergoing either PCI with drug-eluting stents or CABG at a tertiary care center from January 2009 to December 2010 were enrolled in this nonrandomized prospective study. Results Mean STS score ...
Prospective Studies Of Cardiovascular Risk Factors And Mild Cognitive Impairment, 2017 University of Maine
Prospective Studies Of Cardiovascular Risk Factors And Mild Cognitive Impairment, Kevin Sullivan
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
The association of cardiovascular risk factors including hypertension, diabetes, cholesterol, kidney function, and arterial stiffness with cognitive impairment in older adults is a well-studied phenomenon. However, there is considerably less evidence relating cardiovascular health specifically to a diagnosis of Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). As a precursor state of dementia, MCI is characterized by a decline in cognitive function from previous level, but not to the degree that activities of daily living are impaired. Not everyone who is diagnosed with MCI will eventually transition to dementia, but the transition rates are much higher compared to the general population (5-15% per year ...
Genome-Wide Interaction Study Of Omega-3 Pufas And Other Fatty Acids On Inflammatory Biomarkers Of Cardiovascular Health In The Framingham Heart Study, Jenna Veenstra, Anya Kalsbeek, Jason Westra, Craig Disselkoen, Caren E. Smith, Nathan L. Tintle
Faculty Work Comprehensive List
Numerous genetic loci have been identified as being associated with circulating fatty acid (FA) levels and/or inflammatory biomarkers of cardiovascular health (e.g., C-reactive protein). Recently, using red blood cell (RBC) FA data from the Framingham Offspring Study, we conducted a genome-wide association study of over 2.5 million single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and 22 RBC FAs (and associated ratios), including the four Omega-3 FAs (ALA, DHA, DPA, and EPA). Our analyses identified numerous causal loci. In this manuscript, we investigate the extent to which polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) levels moderate the relationship of genetics to cardiovascular health biomarkers ...
Influence Of Differential Calcification In The Descending Thoracic Aorta On Aortic Pulse Pressure, 2017 Aurora Cardiovascular Services, Aurora Sinai/Aurora St. Luke’s Medical Centers
Influence Of Differential Calcification In The Descending Thoracic Aorta On Aortic Pulse Pressure, Mirza Mujadil Ahmad, Syed Haris Ahmed Pir, Mustafa Noor Muhammad, Sharmeen Hussaini, Immad Arif Kiani, Mirza Nubair Ahmad, Imaad Razzaque, Muhammad Nabeel Syed, Rafath Ullah, Suhail Allaqaband, Anjan Gupta, Steven C. Port, Khawaja Afzal Ammar
Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews
Purpose: Multiple studies have shown pulse pressure (PP) to be a strong predictor of aortic calcification. However, no studies are available that correlate PP with aortic calcification at the segmental level.
Methods: We identified 37 patients with aortic PP measured during cardiac catheterization. Their noncontrast chest computed tomography scans were evaluated for the presence of calcium in different segments (ascending aorta, arch of aorta [arch], descending aorta) and quantified. Patients with calcification (Calcified Group A) were compared against patients without calcification (Noncalcified Group B) in terms of PP, calcification and compliance.
Results: The mean of the total calcium score was ...
Targeting Hepatic Heparin-Binding Egf-Like Growth Factor (Hb-Egf) Induces Anti-Hyperlipidemia Leading To Reduction Of Angiotensin Ii-Induced Aneurysm Development, Seonwook Kim, Lihua Yang, Seongu Kim, Richard G. Lee, Mark J. Graham, Judith A. Berliner, Aldons J. Lusis, Lei Cai, Ryan E. Temel, Debra L. Rateri, Sangderk Lee
Saha Cardiovascular Research Center Faculty Publications
The upregulated expression of heparin binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF) in the vessel and circulation is associated with risk of cardiovascular disease. In this study, we tested the effects of HB-EGF targeting using HB-EGF-specific antisense oligonucleotide (ASO) on the development of aortic aneurysm in a mouse aneurysm model.
Approach and results
Low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) deficient mice (male, 16 weeks of age) were injected with control and HB-EGF ASOs for 10 weeks. To induce aneurysm, the mice were fed a high fat diet (22% fat, 0.2% cholesterol; w/w) at 5 week point of ASO administration and infused ...
Activation Of Inflammatory And Pro-Thrombotic Pathways In Acute Stress Cardiomyopathy, 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Activation Of Inflammatory And Pro-Thrombotic Pathways In Acute Stress Cardiomyopathy, Timothy P. Fitzgibbons, Yvonne J. K. Edwards, Peter Shaw, Aline Iskandar, Mohamed Ahmed, Josiah T. Bote, Tejen Shah, Sumita Sinha, Robert E. Gerszten, John F. Keaney Jr., Michael R. Zile, Gerard P. Aurigemma
Open Access Articles
Stress cardiomyopathy (SCM) is a unique cardiac disorder that more often occurs in women. SCM presents in a similar fashion as acute myocardial infarction (AMI), with chest pain, ECG changes, and congestive heart failure. The primary distinguishing feature is the absence of thrombotic coronary occlusion in SCM. How this reduction in cardiac function occurs in the absence of coronary occlusion remains unknown. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that a targeted proteomic comparison of patients with acute SCM and AMI might identify relevant mechanistic differences. Blood was drawn in normal controls (n = 6), women with AMI (n = 12), or women with ...
Risk Of Respiratory Syncytial Virus Hospitalization In The First And Second Years Of Life In Pediatric Patients With Congenital Heart Disease, Deborah Friedman, Pierre Wong
NYMC Faculty Publications
No abstract provided.
A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis On Herpes Zoster And The Risk Of Cardiac And Cerebrovascular Events, 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School
A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis On Herpes Zoster And The Risk Of Cardiac And Cerebrovascular Events, Nathaniel Erskine, Hoang Tran, Len L. Levin, Christine M. Ulbricht, Joyce D. Fingeroth, Catarina I. Kiefe, Robert J. Goldberg, Sonal Singh
Library Publications and Presentations
BACKGROUND: Patients who develop herpes zoster or herpes zoster ophthalmicus may be at risk for cerebrovascular and cardiac complications. We systematically reviewed the published literature to determine the association between herpes zoster and its subtypes with the occurrence of cerebrovascular and cardiac events.
METHODS/RESULTS: Systematic searches of PubMed (MEDLINE), SCOPUS (Embase) and Google Scholar were performed in December 2016. Eligible studies were cohort, case-control, and self-controlled case-series examining the association between herpes zoster or subtypes of herpes zoster with the occurrence of cerebrovascular and cardiac events including stroke, transient ischemic attack, coronary heart disease, and myocardial infarction. Data on ...
Optimizing Heart Failure Outcomes Through Diet: A Review, 2017 Marshall University Cardiology
Optimizing Heart Failure Outcomes Through Diet: A Review, Farley B. Neasman Iii
Marshall Journal of Medicine
Heart failure is a growing epidemic that will add significant monetary and human costs to an already overtaxed health-care system. Though promising new medications have recently been approved, this complex condition is largely preventable through aggressive risk factor modification, with diet being shown to have a greater effect than exercise. An underrated component of a healthy diet is the simple addition of nuts – the anti-inflammatory fatty acids, healthy proteins, and general availability have been shown to improve survival and reduce the primary risk factors contributing to heart failure, making the addition of nuts and legumes to the diet an attractive ...