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Cardiovascular Diseases Commons

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Risk Factors For Major Early Adverse Events Related To Cardiac Catheterization In Children And Young Adults With Pulmonary Hypertension: An Analysis Of Data From The Impact (Improving Adult And Congenital Treatment) Registry., Michael L O'Byrne, Kevin F Kennedy, Joshua P Kanter, John T Berger, Andrew C Glatz 2018 George Washington University

Risk Factors For Major Early Adverse Events Related To Cardiac Catheterization In Children And Young Adults With Pulmonary Hypertension: An Analysis Of Data From The Impact (Improving Adult And Congenital Treatment) Registry., Michael L O'Byrne, Kevin F Kennedy, Joshua P Kanter, John T Berger, Andrew C Glatz

Pediatrics Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Cardiac catheterization is the gold standard for assessment and follow-up of patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH). To date, there are limited data about the factors that influence the risk of catastrophic adverse events after catheterization in this population.

METHODS AND RESULTS: A retrospective multicenter cohort study was performed to measure risk of catastrophic adverse outcomes after catheterization in children and young adults with PH and identify risk factors for these outcomes. All catheterizations in children and young adults, aged 0 to 21 years, with PH at hospitals submitting data to the IMPACT (Improving Adult and Congenital Treatment) registry between ...


Splenic Infarction: An Under-Recognized Complication Of Infectious Mononucleosis?, Yan Li, Ann George, Sami Arnaout, Jennifer P. Wang, George M. Abraham 2018 Saint Vincent Hospital

Splenic Infarction: An Under-Recognized Complication Of Infectious Mononucleosis?, Yan Li, Ann George, Sami Arnaout, Jennifer P. Wang, George M. Abraham

Open Access Articles

Splenic infarction is a rare complication of infectious mononucleosis. We describe 3 cases of splenic infarction attributed to infectious mononucleosis that we encountered within a 2-month period. We underscore the awareness of this potential complication of infectious mononucleosis and discuss the differential diagnosis of splenic infarction, including infectious etiologies. While symptomatic management is usually sufficient for infectious mononucleosis-associated splenic infarction, close monitoring for other complications, including splenic rupture, is mandated.


Review Of Kawasaki Disease, Rani Shah, Hisham Hirzallah, Munes Fares, Ashwini Mallad, Gudjon Karlsson, Mehiar El-Hamdani 2018 Marshall University

Review Of Kawasaki Disease, Rani Shah, Hisham Hirzallah, Munes Fares, Ashwini Mallad, Gudjon Karlsson, Mehiar El-Hamdani

Mehiar El Hamdani, MD

Abstract

Background: Kawasaki disease is one of the leading causes of acquired heart disease in children. It is an acute self-limited vasculitis that predominantly affects infants and children younger than 5 years of age. These patients present with nonspecific symptoms, such as fever and lymphadenopathy, making the diagnosis challenging. This disease can have serious and potentially fatal outcomes, and prompt recognition of this disease is vital to the patient’s outcome. We present a complete review of the disease, including the epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and management of acute Kawasaki disease, the natural history of this disease, and follow up of ...


Novel Candidate Genes Important For Asthma And Hypertension Comorbidity Revealed From Associative Gene Networks, Olga V. Saik, Pavel S. Demenkov, Timofey V. Ivanisenko, Elena Yu. Bragina, Maxim B. Freidin, Irina A. Goncharova, Victor E. Dosenko, Olga I. Zolotareva, Ralf Hofestaedt, Inna N. Lavrik, Evgeny I. Rogaev, Vladimir A. Ivanisenko 2018 Institute of Cytology and Genetics

Novel Candidate Genes Important For Asthma And Hypertension Comorbidity Revealed From Associative Gene Networks, Olga V. Saik, Pavel S. Demenkov, Timofey V. Ivanisenko, Elena Yu. Bragina, Maxim B. Freidin, Irina A. Goncharova, Victor E. Dosenko, Olga I. Zolotareva, Ralf Hofestaedt, Inna N. Lavrik, Evgeny I. Rogaev, Vladimir A. Ivanisenko

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Hypertension and bronchial asthma are a major issue for people's health. As of 2014, approximately one billion adults, or ~ 22% of the world population, have had hypertension. As of 2011, 235-330 million people globally have been affected by asthma and approximately 250,000-345,000 people have died each year from the disease. The development of the effective treatment therapies against these diseases is complicated by their comorbidity features. This is often a major problem in diagnosis and their treatment. Hence, in this study the bioinformatical methodology for the analysis of the comorbidity of these two diseases have been ...


Antiplatelet Therapy Changes For Patients With Myocardial Infarction With Recurrent Ischemic Events: Insights Into Contemporary Practice From The Translate-Acs (Treatment With Adp Receptor Inhibitors: Longitudinal Assessment Of Treatment Patterns And Events After Acute Coronary Syndrome) Study, Alexander C. Fanaroff, Lisa A. Kaltenbach, Eric D. Peterson, Mohammed W. Akhter, Mark B. Effron, Timothy D. Henry, Tracy Y. Wang 2018 Duke University

Antiplatelet Therapy Changes For Patients With Myocardial Infarction With Recurrent Ischemic Events: Insights Into Contemporary Practice From The Translate-Acs (Treatment With Adp Receptor Inhibitors: Longitudinal Assessment Of Treatment Patterns And Events After Acute Coronary Syndrome) Study, Alexander C. Fanaroff, Lisa A. Kaltenbach, Eric D. Peterson, Mohammed W. Akhter, Mark B. Effron, Timothy D. Henry, Tracy Y. Wang

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend P2Y12 inhibitor therapy for 1 year after myocardial infarction (MI), yet little guidance is provided on antiplatelet management for patients with recurrent ischemic events during that year. We describe changes in P2Y12 inhibitor type among patients with recurrent ischemic events in the first year after MI.

METHODS AND RESULTS: The TRANSLATE-ACS (Treatment With ADP Receptor Inhibitors: Longitudinal Assessment of Treatment Patterns and Events After Acute Coronary Syndrome) study enrolled 12 365 patients with MI treated with percutaneous coronary intervention. We examined whether P2Y12 inhibitor choice changed among patients with recurrent MI, stent thrombosis, and/or unplanned revascularization ...


Antiplatelet Therapy Changes For Patients With Myocardial Infarction With Recurrent Ischemic Events: Insights Into Contemporary Practice From The Translate-Acs (Treatment With Adp Receptor Inhibitors: Longitudinal Assessment Of Treatment Patterns And Events After Acute Coronary Syndrome) Study, Alexander C. Fanaroff, Lisa A. Kaltenbach, Eric D. Peterson, Mohammed W. Akhter, Mark B. Effron, Timothy D. Henry, Tracy Y. Wang 2018 Duke University

Antiplatelet Therapy Changes For Patients With Myocardial Infarction With Recurrent Ischemic Events: Insights Into Contemporary Practice From The Translate-Acs (Treatment With Adp Receptor Inhibitors: Longitudinal Assessment Of Treatment Patterns And Events After Acute Coronary Syndrome) Study, Alexander C. Fanaroff, Lisa A. Kaltenbach, Eric D. Peterson, Mohammed W. Akhter, Mark B. Effron, Timothy D. Henry, Tracy Y. Wang

Cardiovascular Medicine Publications and Presentations

BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend P2Y12 inhibitor therapy for 1 year after myocardial infarction (MI), yet little guidance is provided on antiplatelet management for patients with recurrent ischemic events during that year. We describe changes in P2Y12 inhibitor type among patients with recurrent ischemic events in the first year after MI.

METHODS AND RESULTS: The TRANSLATE-ACS (Treatment With ADP Receptor Inhibitors: Longitudinal Assessment of Treatment Patterns and Events After Acute Coronary Syndrome) study enrolled 12 365 patients with MI treated with percutaneous coronary intervention. We examined whether P2Y12 inhibitor choice changed among patients with recurrent MI, stent thrombosis, and/or unplanned revascularization ...


Review Of Kawasaki Disease, Rani Shah, Hisham Hirzallah, Munes Fares, Ashwini Mallad, Gudjon Karlsson, Mehiar El-Hamdani 2018 Marshall University

Review Of Kawasaki Disease, Rani Shah, Hisham Hirzallah, Munes Fares, Ashwini Mallad, Gudjon Karlsson, Mehiar El-Hamdani

Marshall Journal of Medicine

Abstract

Background: Kawasaki disease is one of the leading causes of acquired heart disease in children. It is an acute self-limited vasculitis that predominantly affects infants and children younger than 5 years of age. These patients present with nonspecific symptoms, such as fever and lymphadenopathy, making the diagnosis challenging. This disease can have serious and potentially fatal outcomes, and prompt recognition of this disease is vital to the patient’s outcome. We present a complete review of the disease, including the epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and management of acute Kawasaki disease, the natural history of this disease, and follow up of ...


Pilot Study To Assess Visualization And Therapy Of Inflammatory Mechanisms After Vessel Reopening In A Mouse Stroke Model, Ebba Beller, Laura Reuter, Anne Kluge, Christine Preibisch, Ute Lindauer, Alexei A. Bogdanov Jr., Friederike Lammer, Claire Delbridge, Kaspar Matiasek, Benedikt J. Schwaiger, Tobias Boeckh-Behrens, Claus Zimmer, Alexandra S. Gersing 2018 Klinikum rechts der Isar der Technischen Universität München

Pilot Study To Assess Visualization And Therapy Of Inflammatory Mechanisms After Vessel Reopening In A Mouse Stroke Model, Ebba Beller, Laura Reuter, Anne Kluge, Christine Preibisch, Ute Lindauer, Alexei A. Bogdanov Jr., Friederike Lammer, Claire Delbridge, Kaspar Matiasek, Benedikt J. Schwaiger, Tobias Boeckh-Behrens, Claus Zimmer, Alexandra S. Gersing

Radiology Publications and Presentations

After reperfusion therapy in stroke patients secondary inflammatory processes may increase cerebral damage. In this pilot study, effects of anti-inflammatory therapy were assessed in a middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) mouse model after reperfusion. 1 hour after MCAO, the artery was reopened and tacrolimus or NaCl were administered intra-arterially. Perfusion-weighted (PWI) and diffusion-weighted images (DWI) were obtained by MRI during MCAO. DWI, T2- and T1-weighted images with and without Bis-5HT-DTPA administration were obtained 24 hours after MCAO. Neutrophils, Myeloperoxidase-positive-(MPO+)-cells and microglia, including M1 and M2 phenotypes, were assessed immunohistochemically. Treatment with tacrolimus led to significantly smaller apparent diffusion ...


Long-Term Exposure Of Fine Particulate Matter Causes Hypertension By Impaired Renal D1 Receptor-Mediated Sodium Excretion Via Upregulation Of G-Protein-Coupled Receptor Kinase Type 4 Expression In Sprague-Dawley Rats., Xi Lu, Zhengmeng Ye, Shuo Zheng, Hongmei Ren, Jing Zeng, Xinquan Wang, Pedro A Jose, Ken Chen, Chunyu Zeng 2018 George Washington University

Long-Term Exposure Of Fine Particulate Matter Causes Hypertension By Impaired Renal D1 Receptor-Mediated Sodium Excretion Via Upregulation Of G-Protein-Coupled Receptor Kinase Type 4 Expression In Sprague-Dawley Rats., Xi Lu, Zhengmeng Ye, Shuo Zheng, Hongmei Ren, Jing Zeng, Xinquan Wang, Pedro A Jose, Ken Chen, Chunyu Zeng

Medicine Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Epidemiological evidence supports an important association between air pollution exposure and hypertension. However, the mechanisms are not clear.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Our present study found that long-term exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) causes hypertension and impairs renal sodium excretion, which might be ascribed to lower D1 receptor expression and higher D1 receptor phosphorylation, accompanied with a higher G-protein-coupled receptor kinase type 4 (GRK4) expression. The in vivo results were confirmed in in vitro studies (ie, PM2.5 increased basal and decreased D1 receptor mediated inhibitory effect on Na+-K+ ATPase activity, decreased D1 receptor expression, and increased ...


The Association Between A Body Shape Index And Cardiovascular Risk In Overweight And Obese Children And Adolescents, Chiara Mameli, Nir Y. Krakauer, Jesse C. Karakauer, Alessandra Bosetti, Chiara Matilde Ferrari, Norma Moiana, Laura Schneider, Barbara Borsani, Teresa Genoni, Gianvincenzo Zuccotti 2018 University of Milan

The Association Between A Body Shape Index And Cardiovascular Risk In Overweight And Obese Children And Adolescents, Chiara Mameli, Nir Y. Krakauer, Jesse C. Karakauer, Alessandra Bosetti, Chiara Matilde Ferrari, Norma Moiana, Laura Schneider, Barbara Borsani, Teresa Genoni, Gianvincenzo Zuccotti

Publications and Research

A Body Shape Index (ABSI) and normalized hip circumference (Hip Index, HI) have been recently shown to be strong risk factors for mortality and for cardiovascular disease in adults. We conducted an observational cross-sectional study to evaluate the relationship between ABSI, HI and cardiometabolic risk factors and obesity-related comorbidities in overweight and obese children and adolescents aged 2±18 years. We performed multivariate linear and logistic regression analyses with BMI, ABSI, and HI age and sex normalized z scores as predictors to examine the association with cardiometabolic risk markers (systolic and diastolic blood pressure, fasting glucose and insulin, total cholesterol ...


Bulgaria: Brucellosis, Austin Wheeler 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Bulgaria: Brucellosis, Austin Wheeler

Global Public Health

In this brief we will discuss how a disease called Brucellosis has affected the country of Bulgaria. Bulgaria is a European country located towards the South Eastern part of Europe. A few points mentioned in the brief are what the disease can do to your body, through education of the disease we can show what a serious problem it is. The brief will also cover how you can contract the disease through animals, and how you can prevent contraction from occurring. The brief also includes a lot about the religious background of the country. This should hopefully be used to ...


Chile: Air Pollution, Kara Eder 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Chile: Air Pollution, Kara Eder

Global Public Health

Chile faces a constant issue of air pollution, reaping respiratory health problems for citizens in urban areas. While the many cases over the past century have increased officials to take action on the issue, the growing infrastructure and economy of the country makes it difficult to regulate harmful emissions. Wood-burning heaters within urban residential areas also contribute to the unhealthy smog. Ingestion of these forms of matter in the air causes respiratory symptoms such as bronchitis and cardiovascular disease. Bans on such heaters and taxes on vehicle emissions were placed in order to prevent the severity of pollutants in the ...


Halting Progression Of Stasis Dermatitis: Community Perspectives And Strategies For Prevention, Allison B. Robbins 2018 University of Vermont

Halting Progression Of Stasis Dermatitis: Community Perspectives And Strategies For Prevention, Allison B. Robbins

Family Medicine Clerkship Student Projects

Complications of stasis dermatitis including venous ulcers, osteomyelitis, and cellulitis all significantly increase morbidity and mortality of disease. Progression beyond stasis dermatitis and avoidance of the aforementioned complications are preventable with patient education and adherence to basic therapies including compression stockings and lifestyle modification. Therefore the goals of this project were to: assess the community’s understanding of stasis dermatitis and their awareness of its complications; use this information to help healthcare providers tailor their preventative health counseling accordingly; and provide education for patients on stasis dermatitis, its complications, and therapies/behavioral changes to prevent disease progression.


Grenada: Cardiovascular Disease, Talayah Lemon 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Grenada: Cardiovascular Disease, Talayah Lemon

Global Public Health

Grenada has a population of 109,011 people. This public health brief encompasses cardiovascular disease and its impact in the country of Grenada. The country suffers from high level of AIDS/HIV, obesity, diabetes, etc. However, Cardiovascular disease is very prevalent in Grenada. About 34% of the population suffer from the disease. Cardiovascular disease affects the blood supply flow to the heart. Grenada’s health system has provided solutions such as providing adequate health care, but lack some healthcare services, such as cardiology and vascular surgeries. Cardiovascular disease has a huge impact on the population, but Grenada works towards ways ...


Cuba: Coronary Heart Disease, Michaela Loizzi 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Cuba: Coronary Heart Disease, Michaela Loizzi

Global Public Health

Cuba has a strong health care system with universal health care for their citizens over 40 years old. Despite the strong health care system Cuba lacks the resources necessary to treat coronary heart disease, the leading cause of death in the country. The country’s whole population is affected by coronary heart disease however the most affected is the lower class due unaffordable treatment. The primary causes of coronary heart disease includes their daily lifestyle such as, physical inactivity, diet, and excessive smoking. It is important to note that the major factors in Cuba leading to coronary heart disease are ...


Hungary: Cardiovascular Disease, Taylor Steger 2018 Augustana College, Rock Island Illinois

Hungary: Cardiovascular Disease, Taylor Steger

Global Public Health

Hungary faces many public health issues. In particular, cardiovascular disease has impacted the majority of the Hungarian people with a mortality rate of 50-60%. The high consumption of fattening food, excessive alcohol drinking, smoking habits and tobacco use impact the entire population’s health status. This disease impacts blood vessels and causes them to narrow or be blocked. This blockage causes blood flow from the heart to be suppressed which can cause heart attacks, strokes etc. Hungary has the highest amount of people with cardiovascular disease out of all European countries. The most impacted people are in the urban areas ...


Percutaneous Management Of Ostial Stenosis Of The Left Internal Mammary Artery Graft, Tanuka Datta, Mohammed Gibreal, Ramesh Mazhari, Allen J. Solomon 2018 George Washington University

Percutaneous Management Of Ostial Stenosis Of The Left Internal Mammary Artery Graft, Tanuka Datta, Mohammed Gibreal, Ramesh Mazhari, Allen J. Solomon

Medicine Faculty Publications

A 61-year-old man, who had undergone coronary artery bypass surgery 10 years earlier, presented with a non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction. He was treated with medical therapy and taken to the Cardiac Catheterization Laboratory. A left heart catheterization demonstrated an ostial stenosis in the left internal mammary artery graft, which was felt to be the culprit lesion. This was successfully repaired with a drug eluting stent. This case is presented as an unusual location for a de novo coronary stenosis. The pathophysiology of these lesions is not well understood.


Exposure To High Levels Of Noise Poses Hazards And Risks For Development Of Hypertension And Heart Disease: Potential Roles Of Unrecognized Ionized Hypomagnesemia And Release Of Ceramides And Platelet-Activating Factor, Burton M. Altura, Asefa Gebrewold, Anthony Carella, Nilank C. Shah, Bella T. Altura 2018 Touro College

Exposure To High Levels Of Noise Poses Hazards And Risks For Development Of Hypertension And Heart Disease: Potential Roles Of Unrecognized Ionized Hypomagnesemia And Release Of Ceramides And Platelet-Activating Factor, Burton M. Altura, Asefa Gebrewold, Anthony Carella, Nilank C. Shah, Bella T. Altura

Touro College of Osteopathic Medicine (Middletown) Publications and Research

It has been demonstrated in numerous human and animal studies that audiogenic stress (AS) can induce elevation of arterial blood pressure and cardiac damage and that noise –induced hearing loss may be associated with alterations in magnesium (Mg) metabolism. Our laboratories, over a period of approximately 40 years, have been investigating why AS causes high blood pressure and cardiac damage. This review focuses on a number of newer discoveries on why AS causes dysfunctions of the cardiovascular system (CVS) This review discusses the pivotal physiological and biochemical importance of Mg to body health and the fact that most Americans and ...


Controlling Platelet Secretion To Modulate Hemostasis And Thrombosis, Smita Joshi 2018 University of Kentucky

Controlling Platelet Secretion To Modulate Hemostasis And Thrombosis, Smita Joshi

Theses and Dissertations--Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry

Upon vascular injury, activated blood platelets fuse their granules to the plasma membrane and release cargo to regulate the vascular microenvironment, a dynamic process central to platelet function in many critical processes including hemostasis, thrombosis, immunity, wound healing, angiogenesis etc. This granule- plasma membrane fusion is mediated by a family of membrane proteins- Soluble N-ethyl maleimide Attachment Receptor Proteins(SNAREs). SNAREs that reside on vesicle (v-SNAREs) /Vesicle-Associated Membrane Proteins(VAMPs) interact with target/t-SNAREs forming a trans-bilayer complex that facilitates granule fusion. Though many components of exocytic machinery are identified, it is still not clear how it could be ...


Rhythm: An Open Source Imaging Toolkit For Cardiac Panoramic Optical Mapping, Christopher Gloschat, Kedar Aras, Shubnam Gupta, N. Rokhana Faye, Hanyu Zhang, Matthew W. Kay, Igor R Efimov, +several additional authors 2018 George Washington University

Rhythm: An Open Source Imaging Toolkit For Cardiac Panoramic Optical Mapping, Christopher Gloschat, Kedar Aras, Shubnam Gupta, N. Rokhana Faye, Hanyu Zhang, Matthew W. Kay, Igor R Efimov, +Several Additional Authors

Pharmacology and Physiology Faculty Publications

Fluorescence optical imaging techniques have revolutionized the field of cardiac electrophysiology and advanced our understanding of complex electrical activities such as arrhythmias. However, traditional monocular optical mapping systems, despite having high spatial resolution, are restricted to a two-dimensional (2D) field of view. Consequently, tracking complex three-dimensional (3D) electrical waves such as during ventricular fibrillation is challenging as the waves rapidly move in and out of the field of view. This problem has been solved by panoramic imaging which uses multiple cameras to measure the electrical activity from the entire epicardial surface. However, the diverse engineering skill set and substantial resource ...


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