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Magnitude And Impact Of Multiple Chronic Conditions With Advancing Age In Older Adults Hospitalized With Acute Myocardial Infarction, Mayra Tisminetzky, Hoa L. Nguyen, Jerry H. Gurwitz, David D. McManus, Joel M. Gore, Sonal Singh, Jorge L. Yarzebski, Robert J. Goldberg 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Magnitude And Impact Of Multiple Chronic Conditions With Advancing Age In Older Adults Hospitalized With Acute Myocardial Infarction, Mayra Tisminetzky, Hoa L. Nguyen, Jerry H. Gurwitz, David D. Mcmanus, Joel M. Gore, Sonal Singh, Jorge L. Yarzebski, Robert J. Goldberg

Open Access Articles

BACKGROUND: To examine age-specific differences in the frequency and impact of cardiac and non-cardiac conditions among patients aged 65years and older hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

METHODS: Study population consisted of 3863 adults hospitalized with AMI at 11 medical centers in central Massachusetts on a biennial basis between 2001 and 2011. The presence of 11 chronic conditions (five cardiac and six non-cardiac) was based on the review of hospital medical records.

RESULTS: Participants' median age was 79years, 49% were men, and had an average of three chronic conditions (average of cardiac conditions: 2.6 and average of non-cardiac conditions ...


Unhealthy Lifestyle And The Risk Of Metabolic Syndrome- The Romanian Experience, Angela Cozma, Adela Sitar-Taut, Laura Urian, Adriana Fodor, Ramona Suharoschi, Crina Muresan, Vasile Negrean, Dorel Sampelean, Dumitru Zdrenghea, Dana Pop, Leucuta Daniel, Olga Hilda Orasan 2018 Iuliu Hatieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy Cluj-Napoca, 4 th Department of Internal Medicine, Cluj-Napoca, Romania

Unhealthy Lifestyle And The Risk Of Metabolic Syndrome- The Romanian Experience, Angela Cozma, Adela Sitar-Taut, Laura Urian, Adriana Fodor, Ramona Suharoschi, Crina Muresan, Vasile Negrean, Dorel Sampelean, Dumitru Zdrenghea, Dana Pop, Leucuta Daniel, Olga Hilda Orasan

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Background. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) represents a clustering of metabolic risk factors for cardiovascular disease. Many studies have shown the influence of an unhealthy lifestyle on the risk of MetS, yet some aspects remain controversial. Aim of the study: to investigate the relationship between an unhealthy lifestyle and the risk of MetS.

Materials and Methods. The study was conducted using a sample of 181 patients, 54 (29.8%) males and 127 (70.2%) females, aged 59.95±10.8 years. The baseline survey involved the completion of structured questionnaires and clinical examination.

Results. Rural environment, lower education level, past smoking, the ...


De-Airing Method Of An Axial Flow Left Ventricular Assist Device Influences Post-Operative Lactate Dehydrogenase Levels: A Possible Explanation For Some Episodes Of Pump Thrombosis, Daizo Tanaka, Saif Rizvi, Andrew Boyle, MD, John W..C. Entwistle 2018 Thomas Jefferson University

De-Airing Method Of An Axial Flow Left Ventricular Assist Device Influences Post-Operative Lactate Dehydrogenase Levels: A Possible Explanation For Some Episodes Of Pump Thrombosis, Daizo Tanaka, Saif Rizvi, Andrew Boyle, Md, John W..C. Entwistle

The VAD Journal

Background

Pump thrombosis (PT) is a relatively uncommon but serious complication of a left ventricular assist device (LVAD). We believe that de-airing of the HeartMate II (HMII) with the pump turned on and a clamp across the outflow graft may lead to early thrombus formation due to heat generation on the bearings.

Methods

Patients who underwent HMII implantation from November 2012 to February 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were separated into two groups depending on the timing of removing the clamp from the outflow graft. Patients in Group 1 underwent de-airing by turning on the pump with the vascular clamp ...


The Epidemiology Of Infective Endocarditis Among People Who Inject Drugs In London, Ontario., Brian Hallam 2018 The University of Western Ontario

The Epidemiology Of Infective Endocarditis Among People Who Inject Drugs In London, Ontario., Brian Hallam

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Infective endocarditis is an infectious disease that affects the valves of the heart. Injection drug use is currently a leading risk factor among patients with endocarditis. We conducted a prospective study using data from hospital chart records among patients with endocarditis in London, Ontario, which has a relatively high prevalence of people who inject drugs to assess the severity of the issue and the major risk factors of mortality pertaining to this population. This study had a sample size of 353 and included a review of the incidence of admissions of endocarditis, as well as a survival analysis, using both ...


Predictors Of Patient Activation At Acs Hospital Discharge And Health Care Utilization In The Subsequent Year, Rebecca L. Kinney 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Predictors Of Patient Activation At Acs Hospital Discharge And Health Care Utilization In The Subsequent Year, Rebecca L. Kinney

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Background. AHA guidelines have been established to reduce Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS)-related morbidity, mortality and recurrent events post-discharge. These recommendations emphasize the patient as an engaged member of the health care team in secondary prevention efforts. Patients with high levels of activation are more likely to perform activities that will promote their own health and are more likely to have their health care needs met. Despite evidence and strong expert consensus supporting patients as active collaborators in their own ACS care, the complexity and unexpected realities of self-managing one’s care at home are often underestimated. This study seeks ...


Application Of Photovoice With Focus Groups To Explore Dietary Behaviors Of Older Filipino Adults With Cardiovascular Disease, Jane Jih, Trish La Chica, Luisa M. Antonio, Ofelia O. Villero, Mary N. Roque, Joseph R. Domingo, Joshua F. Landicho, Anna M. Napoles, Celia P. Kaplan, Tung T. Nguyen 2018 University of California San Francisco

Application Of Photovoice With Focus Groups To Explore Dietary Behaviors Of Older Filipino Adults With Cardiovascular Disease, Jane Jih, Trish La Chica, Luisa M. Antonio, Ofelia O. Villero, Mary N. Roque, Joseph R. Domingo, Joshua F. Landicho, Anna M. Napoles, Celia P. Kaplan, Tung T. Nguyen

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Filipino Americans have high rates of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). This study explored the dietary behaviors, a modifiable risk factor, of Filipinos with CVD. Filipinos with CVD were recruited and trained to do Photovoice. Participants took photos to depict their “food experience,” defined as their daily dietary activities. Participants then shared their photos during focus groups. Focus group transcripts were analyzed using an iterative, grounded theory approach. Among 38 Filipino participants, the mean age was 70 years old and all were foreign-born. Major themes included efforts to retain connection to Filipino culture through food, and dietary habits shaped by cultural health ...


Blood Pressure And Job Domains Among Hotel Housekeepers, Marie-Anne Sanon Rosemberg PhD, MN, RN, Bidisha Ghosh Ms., John Shaver BSN, Maria Militzer MA, Julia Seng PhD, CNM, FAAN, Marjorie C. McCullagh PhD, RN, APHN-BC, COHN-S, FAAOHN, FAAN 2018 University of Michigan

Blood Pressure And Job Domains Among Hotel Housekeepers, Marie-Anne Sanon Rosemberg Phd, Mn, Rn, Bidisha Ghosh Ms., John Shaver Bsn, Maria Militzer Ma, Julia Seng Phd, Cnm, Faan, Marjorie C. Mccullagh Phd, Rn, Aphn-Bc, Cohn-S, Faaohn, Faan

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Hotel housekeepers have challenging working conditions, putting them at risk for poor health such as hypertension. Despite their risks, few studies have measured their blood pressure (BP). The purpose of this study was to explore hotel housekeepers’ blood pressure and the associations between work and BP. Methods: A community engagement approach was used to recruit study participants. Data sources included questionnaires, and BP measurement. Results: Over 25% of the 39 hotel housekeepers reported hypertension diagnosis and/or antihypertensive medication used. Across the job domains, job satisfaction was correlated with diastolic BP, and workload was correlated with systolic BP. There were ...


Safety And Efficacy Of Routine Bridging Anticoagulation For Subtherapeutic Anticoagulation In Outpatients With A Left Ventricular Assist Device, David C. Shisler, Gaurang N. Vaidya, Lori Muncy, Rajakrishnan Vijayakrishnan, Mark S. Slaughter, Emma J. Birks, Dmitry Abramov 2018 University of Louisville

Safety And Efficacy Of Routine Bridging Anticoagulation For Subtherapeutic Anticoagulation In Outpatients With A Left Ventricular Assist Device, David C. Shisler, Gaurang N. Vaidya, Lori Muncy, Rajakrishnan Vijayakrishnan, Mark S. Slaughter, Emma J. Birks, Dmitry Abramov

The VAD Journal

Background

Anticoagulation with vitamin K antagonists is vital to prevent pump thrombosis in patients with left ventricular assist devices (LVADs). However, the safety and efficacy of bridging anticoagulation for the routine management of subtherapeutic international normalized ratio (INR) in stable outpatients remains poorly characterized.

Methods

In this retrospective study, a total of 60 LVAD outpatients had 110 episodes of subtherapeutic INR noted on routine testing. 34 of these episodes were managed with parenteral bridging anticoagulation and 76 were managed with only an adjusted dose of warfarin. The rates of bleeding and thromboembolic adverse events following these episodes of subtherapeutic INR ...


Cardiac Autonomic Neuropathy In Diabetes: A Predictor Of Cardiometabolic Events, Aaron I. Vinik, Carolina Casellini, Henri K. Parson, Sheri R. Colberg, Marie-laure Nevoret 2018 Old Dominion University

Cardiac Autonomic Neuropathy In Diabetes: A Predictor Of Cardiometabolic Events, Aaron I. Vinik, Carolina Casellini, Henri K. Parson, Sheri R. Colberg, Marie-Laure Nevoret

Human Movement Sciences Faculty Publications

Autonomic nervous system (ANS) imbalance manifesting as cardiac autonomic neuropathy in the diabetic population is an important predictor of cardiovascular events. Symptoms and signs of ANS dysfunction, such as resting heart rate elevations, diminished blood pressure responses to standing, and altered time and frequency domain measures of heart rate variability in response to deep breathing, standing, and the Valsalva maneuver, should be elicited from all patients with diabetes and prediabetes. With the recognition of the presence of ANS imbalance or for its prevention, a rigorous regime should be implemented with lifestyle modification, physical activity, and cautious use of medications that ...


Bayesian Analytical Approaches For Metabolomics : A Novel Method For Molecular Structure-Informed Metabolite Interaction Modeling, A Novel Diagnostic Model For Differentiating Myocardial Infarction Type, And Approaches For Compound Identification Given Mass Spectrometry Data., Patrick J. Trainor 2018 University of Louisville

Bayesian Analytical Approaches For Metabolomics : A Novel Method For Molecular Structure-Informed Metabolite Interaction Modeling, A Novel Diagnostic Model For Differentiating Myocardial Infarction Type, And Approaches For Compound Identification Given Mass Spectrometry Data., Patrick J. Trainor

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Metabolomics, the study of small molecules in biological systems, has enjoyed great success in enabling researchers to examine disease-associated metabolic dysregulation and has been utilized for the discovery biomarkers of disease and phenotypic states. In spite of recent technological advances in the analytical platforms utilized in metabolomics and the proliferation of tools for the analysis of metabolomics data, significant challenges in metabolomics data analyses remain. In this dissertation, we present three of these challenges and Bayesian methodological solutions for each. In the first part we develop a new methodology to serve a basis for making higher order inferences in metabolomics ...


Coronary Artery Calcium Scores In Public Safety Personnel, Nirupama Devanathan, Mark O'Shaughnessy MD 2018 Parkview Health

Coronary Artery Calcium Scores In Public Safety Personnel, Nirupama Devanathan, Mark O'Shaughnessy Md

MAHE Student Research

Background: Occupational research has demonstrated that public safety personnel are prone to death by adverse cardiovascular events that are precipitated by on-the-job physiological stressors; the presence of occult coronary artery disease further increases this risk. It has been reported in literature that there is interest from public safety personnel in screening programs that could lead to counseling for possible lifestyle modifications to promote cardiovascular wellness. Objective: At present, there are limited guidelines to screen for occult coronary artery disease among public safety personnel, which include firefighters, police officers, and Emergency Medical Service (EMS) workers. The goal of this study is ...


Parkview Heart Institute (Phi) Postoperative Atrial Fibrillation (Poaf) In Coronary Artery Bypass (Cabg) And Aortic Valve Replacement (Avr) Surgery: A Chart Review, Joshuah Caccamo, Daniel Filler, Douglas Gray MD, Michael J Mirro MD 2018 Parkview Health

Parkview Heart Institute (Phi) Postoperative Atrial Fibrillation (Poaf) In Coronary Artery Bypass (Cabg) And Aortic Valve Replacement (Avr) Surgery: A Chart Review, Joshuah Caccamo, Daniel Filler, Douglas Gray Md, Michael J Mirro Md

MAHE Student Research

Background: Post-operative Atrial fibrillation (POAF) is a common complication associated with cardiac operations, and it occurs due to a lack of coordination of atrial depolarization, so the AV node fires as soon as its refractory period ends. Major consequences include clot formation, stroke, and other post-operative complications. The prevalence rate of POAF is 30 to 40%, while a combined CABG and AVR procedure is as high as 60%. Patient specific factors like medical history can also indicate predictors for POAF, but age has been the most widely accepted predictor. Objective: Postoperative atrial fibrillation has proven to be a prevalent complication ...


Parkview Heart Institute Telecardiology Consultation Service (Phi-Tcs) Outcomes, Roy Robertson MD, Srilatha Dasari, George Sun 2018 Parkview Health

Parkview Heart Institute Telecardiology Consultation Service (Phi-Tcs) Outcomes, Roy Robertson Md, Srilatha Dasari, George Sun

MAHE Student Research

Background: Cardiovascular disease is a major cause of death in the United States, and there is a growing shortage of physician specialists necessary to address this issue. Telecardiology is a form of telemedicine that allows cardiologists to treat patients from remote locations, and this form of patient care has the potential to improve both patient and economic outcomes, as well as reduce the length of patient hospitalization. The PHI-TCS was established at Parkview Huntington Hospital in September 2016 and has since been extended to additional Parkview community hospitals.

Objective: Our objectives in this study were to evaluate the usage patterns ...


Parkview Health Supervised Exercise Therapy For Peripheral Artery Disease (Pad): A Chart Review, Garrett Bastin, Srikiran Dasari, Michael J Mirro MD, Peter Chaille MD 2018 Parkview Health

Parkview Health Supervised Exercise Therapy For Peripheral Artery Disease (Pad): A Chart Review, Garrett Bastin, Srikiran Dasari, Michael J Mirro Md, Peter Chaille Md

MAHE Student Research

Background: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is the narrowing of arteries in the extremities due to atherosclerosis. The most common symptom of PAD is intermittent claudication (IC), which describes pain and fatigue in the muscles that occurs during physical activity and is relieved by rest. Supervised exercise therapy (SET) is an exercise-based therapy that demonstrates efficacy in the treatment of symptomatic PAD. SET programs consist of walking exercises in which patients alternate between walking to claudication and rest; studies indicate that it is recommended as the initial treatment to relieve IC in PAD patients. Objective: This study determines if the Parkview ...


Gastritis Induced St Segment Elevation On Electrocardiogram, Obadah Aqtash, Ahmed Amro, Ala Gabi, Amal Sobeih, Dr. Mehiar El-Hamdani, Ellen A. Thompson 2018 Marshall University

Gastritis Induced St Segment Elevation On Electrocardiogram, Obadah Aqtash, Ahmed Amro, Ala Gabi, Amal Sobeih, Dr. Mehiar El-Hamdani, Ellen A. Thompson

Ellen A. Thompson

ST segment elevation on an electrocardiogram (EKG) is an alarming finding that warrants an urgent coronary angiogram. Early diagnosis and intervention is extremely important in the setting of Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) to prevent irreversible myocardium damage and reduce the mortality rate. However, it is very important to know that not all ST- Elevations (STE) on EKG are due to myocardial infraction. Etiologies can be divided into cardiac and non-cardiac causes. Cardiac causes can include coronary aneurysm and acute pericarditis while non-cardiac causes can include acute cholecystitis and pulmonary embolism. In this paper, we are presenting a unique case of ...


Gastritis Induced St Segment Elevation On Electrocardiogram, Obadah Aqtash, Ahmed Amro, Ala Gabi, Amal Sobeih, Dr. Mehiar El-Hamdani, Ellen A. Thompson 2018 Marshall University

Gastritis Induced St Segment Elevation On Electrocardiogram, Obadah Aqtash, Ahmed Amro, Ala Gabi, Amal Sobeih, Dr. Mehiar El-Hamdani, Ellen A. Thompson

Marshall Journal of Medicine

ST segment elevation on an electrocardiogram (EKG) is an alarming finding that warrants an urgent coronary angiogram. Early diagnosis and intervention is extremely important in the setting of Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) to prevent irreversible myocardium damage and reduce the mortality rate. However, it is very important to know that not all ST- Elevations (STE) on EKG are due to myocardial infraction. Etiologies can be divided into cardiac and non-cardiac causes. Cardiac causes can include coronary aneurysm and acute pericarditis while non-cardiac causes can include acute cholecystitis and pulmonary embolism. In this paper, we are presenting a unique case of ...


Pathophysiology Of Infective Endocarditis (Ie) Associated With Intravenous Drug Use, Kaleigh Cline 2018 Otterbein University

Pathophysiology Of Infective Endocarditis (Ie) Associated With Intravenous Drug Use, Kaleigh Cline

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) Student Scholarship

Intravenous drug use (IVDU) is an activity that has the potential of devastating outcomes and affects individuals all over the world. One potential outcome a patient using IV drugs may experience is infective endocarditis (IE). This poster details the significance of IE, its underlying pathophysiology, significance of pathophysiology, signs and symptoms, and nursing implications.


Role Of Echocardiography In The Intensive Care Unit: Overview Of The Most Common Clinical Scenarios, Luca Longobardo, Concetta Zito, Scipione Carerj, Giuseppe Caracciolo, Bijoy K. Khandheria 2018 University of Messina

Role Of Echocardiography In The Intensive Care Unit: Overview Of The Most Common Clinical Scenarios, Luca Longobardo, Concetta Zito, Scipione Carerj, Giuseppe Caracciolo, Bijoy K. Khandheria

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

The intensive care unit (ICU) is among the more important settings in which echocardiography plays a pivotal role. The ease of use, speed of execution, and completeness of information on heart anatomy and function that echocardiography is able to provide makes this tool the perfect diagnostic technique in patients for whom exhaustive information must be quickly obtained by physicians who sometimes lack specific skills in cardiovascular imaging. However, the clinical entities encountered by ICU clinicians are often difficult to distinguish and patient symptoms may not be obvious. This brief review describes three common clinical scenarios that benefit from echocardiography in ...


Primary Cardiac Lymphoma: Importance Of Tissue Diagnosis, Lauren Mendelson, Emily Hsu, Hojune Chung, Andrew Hsu 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Primary Cardiac Lymphoma: Importance Of Tissue Diagnosis, Lauren Mendelson, Emily Hsu, Hojune Chung, Andrew Hsu

Open Access Articles

Primary cardiac lymphoma (PCL) is a rare disease entity that can present with severe cardiac and cardioembolic symptoms. We present a 79-year-old male with history of polymalgia rheumatica on chronic prednisone who presented with a two-week history of progressively worsening dyspnea, cough, and a 10 pound weight loss. Transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) and computed tomography (CT) of the chest showed a large mediastinal mass with invasion of the pericardium. A biopsy of an abdominal soft-tissue mass confirmed the diagnosis of PCL. The patient was treated with two cycles of rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) which was complicated by ...


Anril: A Lncrna At The Cdkn2a/B Locus With Roles In Cancer And Metabolic Disease, Yahui Kong, Chih-Heng Hsieh, Laura C. Alonso 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Anril: A Lncrna At The Cdkn2a/B Locus With Roles In Cancer And Metabolic Disease, Yahui Kong, Chih-Heng Hsieh, Laura C. Alonso

Open Access Articles

The CDKN2A/B genomic locus is associated with risk of human cancers and metabolic disease. Although the locus contains several important protein-coding genes, studies suggest disease roles for a lesser-known antisense lncRNA encoded at this locus, called ANRIL. ANRIL is a complex gene containing at least 21 exons in simians, with many reported linear and circular isoforms. Like other genes, abundance of ANRIL is regulated by epigenetics, classic transcription regulation, splicing, and post-transcriptional influences such as RNA stability and microRNAs. Known molecular functions of ANRIL include in cis and in trans gene regulation through chromatin modification complexes, and influence over ...


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