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Efficient Waterlines Cleaning Protocols In Post-Weaning Rooms: A New Way To Reduce Antibiotic Consumption?, M. Leblanc-Maridor, S. Brilland, C. Belloc, P. Gambade 2017 L'Université Nantes Angers Le Mans

Efficient Waterlines Cleaning Protocols In Post-Weaning Rooms: A New Way To Reduce Antibiotic Consumption?, M. Leblanc-Maridor, S. Brilland, C. Belloc, P. Gambade

International Conference on the Epidemiology and Control of Biological, Chemical and Physical Hazards in Pigs and Pork

In this study, we have chosen a sensitive period, the weaning period, to evaluate in pig farms the effects of different mechanical and chemical waterlines cleaning protocols similar to those used in poultry farms. The experiment has been set up during the down period in two post-weaning rooms with two different protocols. They combined the mechanical action of draining, one detergent (either alkaline or enzymatic), another draining state, and finally one acid used at an antibacterial concentration. To follow the bacteriological quality of water during protocols, we have counted the total flora at 22°C and 37°C in water ...


Detection Of Salmonella Heidelberg Resistant To Colistin In The Intestinal Content Of Pigs At Slaughter, Gabriela Orosco Werlang, Daniel Santos Paim, Tatiana Regina Vieira, Caroline Pissetti, Jalusa Deon Kich, Marisa Cardoso 2017 Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul

Detection Of Salmonella Heidelberg Resistant To Colistin In The Intestinal Content Of Pigs At Slaughter, Gabriela Orosco Werlang, Daniel Santos Paim, Tatiana Regina Vieira, Caroline Pissetti, Jalusa Deon Kich, Marisa Cardoso

International Conference on the Epidemiology and Control of Biological, Chemical and Physical Hazards in Pigs and Pork

Salmonella Heidelberg has increasingly been reported as cause of human salmonellosis worldwide. In Brazil, S. Heidelberg has been reported in poultry but it is infrequently isolated from pigs. Here, we describe the isolation of S. Heidelberg resistant to colistin from slaughter pigs. Five pigs and their carcasses belonging to a same slaughter batch in ten consecutive days were sampled for fragment of intestine in the ileocecal region and sponges rubbed on the carcass surface (400 cm2) before chilling. Salmonella detection was performed according to the ISO 6579:2002. Intestinal content was also subjected to Salmonella enumeration by a miniaturized Most ...


Induction Of Resistant Mutants Of Salmonella Typhimurium Under Enrofloxacin And Natural Alternatives For Control In Pigs, Ana Lucía Solarte, Rafael Jesús Astorga, Fabiana de Aguiar, Alfonso Maldonado, Ángela Galán-Relaño, Belén Huerta 2017 University of Córdoba

Induction Of Resistant Mutants Of Salmonella Typhimurium Under Enrofloxacin And Natural Alternatives For Control In Pigs, Ana Lucía Solarte, Rafael Jesús Astorga, Fabiana De Aguiar, Alfonso Maldonado, Ángela Galán-Relaño, Belén Huerta

International Conference on the Epidemiology and Control of Biological, Chemical and Physical Hazards in Pigs and Pork

The increase in bacterial resistance to Enrofloxacin (ENR) in recent years has been associated with the selective growth of single-step mutant strains resistant to the frequent dose in use, based on the Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC). Because of that, it is supported the need to establish optimal dosage intervals taking into account the minimum concentration of antibiotic capable of inhibiting the growth of pre-existing or first pass mutant strains: Mutant Prevention Concentration (MPC). Therefore, it is of importance to maintain the antimicrobial and molecular monitoring of quinolones and to search for new alternatives, such as the use of essential oils ...


Antimicrobial Resistance Profile Of Trueperella Pyogenes Associated With Slaughterhouse Condemnations Of Pigs In Spain, Ángela Galán-Relaño, Belén Barrero-Domínguez, Almudena Casamayor, Fernando Cardoso-Toset, Ana Lucía Solarte, Fabiana de Aguiar, José F. Fernández-Garayzábal, Inmaculada Luque, Ana I. Vela, Carmen Tarradas 2017 University of Córdoba

Antimicrobial Resistance Profile Of Trueperella Pyogenes Associated With Slaughterhouse Condemnations Of Pigs In Spain, Ángela Galán-Relaño, Belén Barrero-Domínguez, Almudena Casamayor, Fernando Cardoso-Toset, Ana Lucía Solarte, Fabiana De Aguiar, José F. Fernández-Garayzábal, Inmaculada Luque, Ana I. Vela, Carmen Tarradas

International Conference on the Epidemiology and Control of Biological, Chemical and Physical Hazards in Pigs and Pork

Trueperella pyogenes is an oportunistic pathogen involved in miscellaneous pyogenic infections in pigs and ruminants, including metritis, udder lesions, abscesses, pneumonia, arthritis, endocarditis, lymphadenitis and osteomyelitis. This microorganism has been related to located or generalized piogranulomatous lesions in different body locations, which are responsible for total or partial condemnations at slaughterhouses (Lara et al., 2011; Cardoso-Toset et al., 2015).


Dietary Strategies As One Of The Pillars To Reduce Antibiotic Use In Swine, Janneke Allaart, Petra Roubos-van den Hil, Bart D'heer, Coen Smits 2017 Trouw Nutrition

Dietary Strategies As One Of The Pillars To Reduce Antibiotic Use In Swine, Janneke Allaart, Petra Roubos-Van Den Hil, Bart D'Heer, Coen Smits

International Conference on the Epidemiology and Control of Biological, Chemical and Physical Hazards in Pigs and Pork

The Dutch government and various stakeholders in the industry set a joint target to reduce prophylactic and therapeutic antibiotic use by 70% in 2015 compared to the reference year 2009. The use of anti-microbial growth promoters was already banned in the European Union in 2006. Various biosecurity measures and specific vaccination programs were implemented in the last decade to reduce the risk of animals being exposed to pathogens and to raise the level of disease reistence. These strategies were complemented with dietary measures to improve hygiene of feed and water and to support homeostasis and stability in the gastrointestinal tract ...


Antimicrobial Resistance Profiling Of Salmonella Enterica Distinct Serotypes Isolated From Pork In São Paulo, Luisa Z. Moreno, Vasco T. M. Gomes, Ana Paula S. Silva, Maria Gabriela X. Oliveira, Carlos E. C. Matajira, Pedro H. L. N. Filsner, André P. Poor, Ana Paulo G. Christ, Mikaela R. F. Barbosa, Maria Inês Z. ato 2017 Universidade de São Paulo

Antimicrobial Resistance Profiling Of Salmonella Enterica Distinct Serotypes Isolated From Pork In São Paulo, Luisa Z. Moreno, Vasco T. M. Gomes, Ana Paula S. Silva, Maria Gabriela X. Oliveira, Carlos E. C. Matajira, Pedro H. L. N. Filsner, André P. Poor, Ana Paulo G. Christ, Mikaela R. F. Barbosa, Maria Inês Z. Ato

International Conference on the Epidemiology and Control of Biological, Chemical and Physical Hazards in Pigs and Pork

Salmonellosis still is one of the most important worldwide zoonosis due to its high endemicity, mortality, and difficulty in control (Stevens et al., 2009). In the São Paulo city, different realities regarding good production practices and quality control of animal products coexists, especially when considering points of direct consumer sales. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial resistance profiles of Salmonella enterica distinct serotypes isolated from pork in São Paulo.


A Cost-Benefit Assessment Fo Salmonella-Control Strategies In Pig Herds Within The United Kingdom, Robin Simons, Alex Berriman, Andrew Hill, Christine Gavin, Richard Smith 2017 UK Animal and Plant Health Agency

A Cost-Benefit Assessment Fo Salmonella-Control Strategies In Pig Herds Within The United Kingdom, Robin Simons, Alex Berriman, Andrew Hill, Christine Gavin, Richard Smith

International Conference on the Epidemiology and Control of Biological, Chemical and Physical Hazards in Pigs and Pork

Pork and pork products are considered to be a major source of human salmonellosis in the United Kingdom (UK). Despite a number of control programmes implemented within the UK, such as the Zoonoses National Control Programme (ZNCP), the prevalence of Salmonella in the UK slaughter pig population remains over 20% [1]. In particular, S. Typhimurium (including monophasic variants) continues to be a predominant serotype in humans, which is known to be most commonly found in pigs [2]. Therefore, to identify potential control measures that could reduce the number of human Salmonella cases it is necessary to understand the farm-to-consumption chain ...


Using Serological Monitoring, Internet-Based Feedback And On-Farm Auditing To Improve Toxoplasma Gondii Control At Dutch Pig Farms, Derk Oorburg, Dorien Eppink, Janneke Heijltjes, Martijn Bouwknegt, Bert Urlings, Joke van der Giessen, Inge Krijger, Monique Mul, Manon Swanenburg, Henk Wisselink 2017 Vion Food

Using Serological Monitoring, Internet-Based Feedback And On-Farm Auditing To Improve Toxoplasma Gondii Control At Dutch Pig Farms, Derk Oorburg, Dorien Eppink, Janneke Heijltjes, Martijn Bouwknegt, Bert Urlings, Joke Van Der Giessen, Inge Krijger, Monique Mul, Manon Swanenburg, Henk Wisselink

International Conference on the Epidemiology and Control of Biological, Chemical and Physical Hazards in Pigs and Pork

Toxoplasma gondii is a relevant foodborne pathogen due to its human disease burden. In the Netherlands, pork is estimated to contribute to 11% of the meatborne T. gondii infections. The European Food Safety Authority advised to perform serological testing of pigs and on farm audits on risk factors for T. gondii infection.


Application Of Qualitative Risk Assessment To Prioritize Hazards In Pork Products In Brazil, Eduardo de Freitas Costa, Marisa Cardoso, Jalusa Deon Kich, Luis Gustavo Corbellini 2017 Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul

Application Of Qualitative Risk Assessment To Prioritize Hazards In Pork Products In Brazil, Eduardo De Freitas Costa, Marisa Cardoso, Jalusa Deon Kich, Luis Gustavo Corbellini

International Conference on the Epidemiology and Control of Biological, Chemical and Physical Hazards in Pigs and Pork

The main objective of carcass and meat inspection is to promote animal and public health by controlling and detecting pathogens. Procedures of inspection of pig carcasses in Brazil are based on macroscopic examinations (incisions and palpations) attempting to identify potential hazards to animal and human health, mainly related to classic zoonotic diseases. This inspection structure is based on evidence related to the high relevance of parasites in which transmission and maintenance are strictly linked to the low level of biosecurity measures applied in the farms.


A Spatial Entry Assessment Model For Incursion Of Exotic Swine Diseases Into The European Union, Robin Simons, Verity Horigan, Maria Ines Crescio, Agustin Estrada-Pena, Giuseppe Ru, Amie Adkin 2017 UK Animal and Plant Health Agency

A Spatial Entry Assessment Model For Incursion Of Exotic Swine Diseases Into The European Union, Robin Simons, Verity Horigan, Maria Ines Crescio, Agustin Estrada-Pena, Giuseppe Ru, Amie Adkin

International Conference on the Epidemiology and Control of Biological, Chemical and Physical Hazards in Pigs and Pork

The threat of incursion of exotic animal pathogens into the European Union (EU) Member States (MS) via transmission routes such as human travel and trade of live animals and their products is dynamic and needs to be continually re-assessed. Here, we present a quantitative spatial entry assessment model for assessing the risk of incursion of exotic pig diseases such as Classical Swine Fever (CSF) into the EU.


Application Of Microbial Risk Assessment In Brazil: Opportunities From The Industry To The Government, Luís Gustavo Corbellini, Eduardo de Freitas Costa 2017 Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul

Application Of Microbial Risk Assessment In Brazil: Opportunities From The Industry To The Government, Luís Gustavo Corbellini, Eduardo De Freitas Costa

International Conference on the Epidemiology and Control of Biological, Chemical and Physical Hazards in Pigs and Pork

To investigate the public health risks of microbial in food, quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA) is a useful approach and a good alternative when surveillance data are sparse, and for management decisions. The goal of QMRA is assess the probability of the disease occurrence given the ingestion of a contaminated food and its consequences, and when the risk is estimated, control measures can be applied and its impact on disease assessed. Consequently, this method supports the promotion of public health by the authorities.


Qualitative Risk Assessment Of Animal Meal Applied To Swine Production, D. C. P. Pellegrini, E. L. H. Celis, E. F. Costa 2017 Universidade Federal do Pampa

Qualitative Risk Assessment Of Animal Meal Applied To Swine Production, D. C. P. Pellegrini, E. L. H. Celis, E. F. Costa

International Conference on the Epidemiology and Control of Biological, Chemical and Physical Hazards in Pigs and Pork

There are gaps in the pig production chain, particularly as regards the possible destinations of dead animals on farms. The production of animal meal presents itself as an alternative for the recycling of biological waste. The objective of this study was realize a qualitative microbiological risk assessment on animal meal in order to provide subsidies to indicate possible hazards and risks associated with the use of meal produced from dead pigs on farms. The microorganism Salmonella was the main hazard reported. The scenario tree presented 15 scenarios for contamination and recontamination of animal meal. For the first scenario was defined ...


In Vitro Characterization Of The Ability Of Yersinia Enterocolitica Bt4 To Colonize Pigs And Stainless Steel Surfaces, Pierre Raymond, Bastien Frémaux, Martine Denis, Carole Feurer, Sabine Jeuge, Emilie Esnault 2017 Bretagne Loire University

In Vitro Characterization Of The Ability Of Yersinia Enterocolitica Bt4 To Colonize Pigs And Stainless Steel Surfaces, Pierre Raymond, Bastien Frémaux, Martine Denis, Carole Feurer, Sabine Jeuge, Emilie Esnault

International Conference on the Epidemiology and Control of Biological, Chemical and Physical Hazards in Pigs and Pork

Yersiniosis is, after campylobacteriosis and salmonellosis, the third most frequently reported zoonosis in Europe. Humans become infected with Y. enterocolitica through the consumption of undercooked pork and raw food having been in contact with contaminated surfaces. Pigs, the main reservoir for human pathogenic strains, do not develop clinical signs. In France and worldwide, biotype 4 (BT4) is the biotype the most frequently isolated from both pigs and clinical yersiniosis. In this study, a collection of 26 pathogenic BT4 strains isolated from pig tonsils was used to investigate their ability to adhere and invade intestinal pig cells (IPEC-J2) and to adhere ...


Control Of Salmonella Environmental Contamination During, Mily Leblanc-Maridor, Martine Denis, Sandra Rouxel, Françoise Le Gall, Catherine Belloc 2017 L'Université Nantes Angers Le Mans

Control Of Salmonella Environmental Contamination During, Mily Leblanc-Maridor, Martine Denis, Sandra Rouxel, Françoise Le Gall, Catherine Belloc

International Conference on the Epidemiology and Control of Biological, Chemical and Physical Hazards in Pigs and Pork

This study aims at investigating Salmonella environmental contamination of trucks and lairage pens and evaluating the efficiency of an improved cleaning and disinfection protocol to reduce Salmonella environmental contamination.

During four days, the lairage of two French pig slaughterhouses were sampled twice a day when pigs were present and once at the end of the week after the cleaning protocol. In parallel, six trucks per day were randomly selected and sampled at their arrival and after the cleaning procedure. The samples consisted of floor surface swabbing. Salmonella occurrence, level of contamination and serotypes were determined. The efficiency of different cleaning ...


Association Between Slaughter Practices And The Distribution Of Salmonella, Esbl/Ampc-Producing Escherichia Coli And Hygiene Indicator Bacteria On Pig Carcasses After Slaughter, W. Biasino, L. De Zutter, I. Van Damme 2017 Ghent University

Association Between Slaughter Practices And The Distribution Of Salmonella, Esbl/Ampc-Producing Escherichia Coli And Hygiene Indicator Bacteria On Pig Carcasses After Slaughter, W. Biasino, L. De Zutter, I. Van Damme

International Conference on the Epidemiology and Control of Biological, Chemical and Physical Hazards in Pigs and Pork

Pigs are well-known asymptomatic carriers of foodborne pathogens, which may contaminate pork carcasses during slaughter. Several pig body parts (e.g. the oral cavity, the palatine tonsils and the gastro-intestinal tract) are natural reservoirs of bacteria, including important human pathogens such as Salmonella. The contamination level of a pig carcass is generally expressed as one value for the whole carcass. However, contamination levels may vary between different carcass areas.


Sensitivity Of Selected Organ Dissection To Diagnose Taenia Solium Cysticercosis In Pigs From Endemic Areas, I. Van Damme, C. Mwelwa, K. E. Mwape, E. Hobbs, I. K. Phiri, M. Masuku, G. Zulu, A. Colston, A. L. Willingham, B. Devleesschauwer 2017 Ghent University

Sensitivity Of Selected Organ Dissection To Diagnose Taenia Solium Cysticercosis In Pigs From Endemic Areas, I. Van Damme, C. Mwelwa, K. E. Mwape, E. Hobbs, I. K. Phiri, M. Masuku, G. Zulu, A. Colston, A. L. Willingham, B. Devleesschauwer

International Conference on the Epidemiology and Control of Biological, Chemical and Physical Hazards in Pigs and Pork

Taenia solium, also known as the pork tapeworm, is a neglected zoonotic parasite which is endemic in many developing countries, including Zambia. The tapeworm causes two disease conditions in humans: (1) taeniosis, which is the intestinal tapeworm infection, obtained after consumtion of raw/undercooked infected pork; and (2) cysticercosis, which is the metacestode larval stage infection, obtained after ingestion of tapeworm eggs. A human tapeworm carrier can excrete high numbers of eggs with the stool (100 000 eggs per day) and is thus an important source of environmental contamination. The transmission of cysticercosis is thus enhanced with poor sanitation and ...


Pork Production Chain: Importance And Challenges Faced, Janice Reis Ciacci Zanella 2017 Embrapa Suínos e Aves

Pork Production Chain: Importance And Challenges Faced, Janice Reis Ciacci Zanella

International Conference on the Epidemiology and Control of Biological, Chemical and Physical Hazards in Pigs and Pork

Brazil is doing well in agriculture. We have availability of grains, abundant natural resources and diversity in the broad national territory, herd health and biosecurity stand out from the other livestock producing countries. There are funding for agricultural research, technology, technical assistance and extension. We have a sophisticated and diversified integration model. Therefore, Brazilian agriculture is efficient and competitors must observe closely.


Reports Of Brazilian Federal Meat Inspection System In Swine Slaughterhouses, Arlei Coldebella, Jalusa Deon Kich, Elenita Ruttscheidt Albuquerque, Ricardo José Buosi 2017 Embrapa Suínos e Aves

Reports Of Brazilian Federal Meat Inspection System In Swine Slaughterhouses, Arlei Coldebella, Jalusa Deon Kich, Elenita Ruttscheidt Albuquerque, Ricardo José Buosi

International Conference on the Epidemiology and Control of Biological, Chemical and Physical Hazards in Pigs and Pork

In the last decades the pig production improvement had impacted on zoonotic profile attributed to pork. This fact has created a need to modernize the meat inspection system traditionally applied, driving the focus to risks that really threaten food safety nowadays. This modernization is a trend in meat producer countries and European Union is ahead in this process. In this way, Brazil is assessing the new systems and building an own proposal which has been conducted under a national project linked by many coordinated actions. The first step of this work is to analyze the data of current inspection system ...


Toxoplasma Gondii And The Role Of Pork, Sara M. Pires, Heidi Enemark, Thomas Rosendal, Anna Lundén, Pikka Jokelainen, Lis Alban 2017 Technical University of Denmark

Toxoplasma Gondii And The Role Of Pork, Sara M. Pires, Heidi Enemark, Thomas Rosendal, Anna Lundén, Pikka Jokelainen, Lis Alban

International Conference on the Epidemiology and Control of Biological, Chemical and Physical Hazards in Pigs and Pork

Toxoplasma gondii is an important zoonotic pathogen. Humans can acquire T. gondii infection through foodborne or environmental exposure, and recent estimates suggest that more than 10 million human cases of toxoplasmosis occur globally every year. Infections in humans can be post-natal (i.e. acquired toxoplasmosis) or vertical (i.e. congenital toxoplasmosis). Because congenital toxoplasmosis is considered particu-larly problematic due to the severe health effects it can cause in children since birth and the possibility of fetal death, its public health impact has been more extensively studied than acquired toxoplasmosis, where infection is usually associated with mild flu-like symptoms. However, several ...


Resilience In The Pork Supply Chain From The Food Safety Perspective, Lis Alban, Barbara Haesler, Liza Rosenbaum Nielsen, Simon Ruegg 2017 Danish Agriculture and Food Council

Resilience In The Pork Supply Chain From The Food Safety Perspective, Lis Alban, Barbara Haesler, Liza Rosenbaum Nielsen, Simon Ruegg

International Conference on the Epidemiology and Control of Biological, Chemical and Physical Hazards in Pigs and Pork

Challenges in food production are plenty, while resources are scarce. In the interest of the consumer as well as the producer, it is of utmost importance to prevent unwanted events from happening. This may be done through focus on resilience in the pig and pork supply production in relation to food safety. In this paper, resilience—and its counterpart vulnerability—is introduced and discussed specifically for food safety. It is noted that to manage unwanted events, focus must be on effective handling on the event itself. But focus should also be on the patterns of events - including the trends in ...


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