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Career Influences Among Final Year Dental Students Who Plan To Enter Private Practice, Benjamin M. Nashleanas, Susan C. McKernan, Raymond A. Kuthy, Fang Qian 2014 University of Iowa

Career Influences Among Final Year Dental Students Who Plan To Enter Private Practice, Benjamin M. Nashleanas, Susan C. Mckernan, Raymond A. Kuthy, Fang Qian

Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry Publications

Background Existing research about the influence of educational debt on students’ decision to enter general practice immediately after graduation is conflicting. Other potential factors that could affect this decision include the influence of a spouse or other family member, the importance of a mentoring dentist, and how students perceive the burden of their debt. The goal of this study was to examine the importance of debt on career decision-making while also considering the role of other influences. Methods Responses to a self-completed questionnaire of all final (fourth) year students at the University of Iowa College of Dentistry from 2007 through ...


Evaluation Of Health Parameters, Use Of Drugs, And Alcohol Intake Among An Elderly Population In São José Dos Campos, Sp, Brazil, Simone Bernardes de Paula, Patricia Fernanda Braga Mendonça, Mateus Bertolini Fernandes dos Santos, Jarbas Francisco Fernades dos Santos, Leonardo Marchini 2014 University of Iowa

Evaluation Of Health Parameters, Use Of Drugs, And Alcohol Intake Among An Elderly Population In São José Dos Campos, Sp, Brazil, Simone Bernardes De Paula, Patricia Fernanda Braga Mendonça, Mateus Bertolini Fernandes Dos Santos, Jarbas Francisco Fernades Dos Santos, Leonardo Marchini

Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry Publications

AIM:

To evaluate health parameters (blood pressure, heart rate and blood glucose), the use of medicines and alcohol consumption in elderly residents in the city of São José dos Campos, SP, Brazil.

METHODS:

A sample of 500 elderly individuals (98 men and 402 women, with mean age of 69.5 years) was examined. Personal data and medicines used by the patients were recorded, general health aspects were assessed and the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) was applied to survey alcohol consumption.

RESULTS:

Two hundred and four patients (40.8%) presented high blood pressure and 93 patients (18.6%) had ...


Taste Alteration, Mouth Dryness And Teeth Staining As Side Effects Of Medications Taken By Elderly, Camila Porto de Deco, Michelle Roberta Vieira Silva Reis, Adriana Mathias Pereira da Silva Marchini, Rosiline Fernandes da Rocha, Mateus Bertolini Fernandes dos Santos, Leonardo Marchini 2014 University of Iowa

Taste Alteration, Mouth Dryness And Teeth Staining As Side Effects Of Medications Taken By Elderly, Camila Porto De Deco, Michelle Roberta Vieira Silva Reis, Adriana Mathias Pereira Da Silva Marchini, Rosiline Fernandes Da Rocha, Mateus Bertolini Fernandes Dos Santos, Leonardo Marchini

Department of Preventive and Community Dentistry Publications

Elderly patients generally use several types of medication, some of which may cause oral side effects. Aim: To investigate the oral side effects caused by medication in an elderly sample. Methods: Three hundred patients were interviewed about their use of medication and were divided in two groups: institutionalized (n=150) and community-dwelling (n=150) elderly. Results: The most used drugs were antihypertensives (53%) for community-dwelling elders and antiulceratives (76%) for the institutionalized ones. The more prevalent side effects were taste alterations that occurred in 19%, dry mouth in 17% and teeth staining in 2%. Conclusions: A high prevalence of oral ...


An Evaluation Of The Quality Assurance Plan At East Tennessee State University’S Dental Hygiene Program, Jennifer E. Fielden 2013 East Tennessee State University

An Evaluation Of The Quality Assurance Plan At East Tennessee State University’S Dental Hygiene Program, Jennifer E. Fielden

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Quality assurance in healthcare is fundamental in ensuring the achievement of desired outcomes for patients. In 2011 a quality assurance plan was created at the East Tennessee State University (ETSU) dental hygiene program in order to meet accreditation standards. The purpose of this study was to evaluate this plan in order to determine its effectiveness in improving the quality of patient care indicators. One hundred fifty patient charts were selected and audited. Deficiencies were counted in the categories of assessment, treatment, documentation, referral, caries management, perio management, patient education, and follow-up. Research findings were varied; however, external variables with the ...


Oral Health Related Quality Of Life Among Iowa Adolescents, Vinti Ahuja 2013 University of Iowa

Oral Health Related Quality Of Life Among Iowa Adolescents, Vinti Ahuja

Theses and Dissertations

Our study involved secondary analyses of the oral health-related quality of life data collected in the Iowa Fluoride Study at the 17-year time-point. Both adolescents and their parents filled out questionnaires related to the assessment of the OHRQoL of the adolescents. In addition, adolescents also underwent clinical examination to assess dental caries, dental fluorosis, orthodontic characteristics, and non-fluoride opacities. Dental casts were also made with the assent of the participants. These casts were later used to estimate the social acceptability of the participants' dental appearance and assess their malocclusion severity, using the Dental Aesthetic Index (Cons et al, 1978). This ...


Neighborhood And Family Social Capital And Oral Health Status Of Children In Iowa, Julie Christine Reynolds 2013 University of Iowa

Neighborhood And Family Social Capital And Oral Health Status Of Children In Iowa, Julie Christine Reynolds

Theses and Dissertations

Oral health disparities in children is an important public health issue in the United States. A growing body of evidence exists supporting the social determinants of oral health, moving beyond individual predictors of disease to family- and community-level influences.

The goal of this study is to examine one such social determinant, social capital, at the family and neighborhood levels and their relationships with oral health in Iowa children. A statewide representative data source, the 2010 Iowa Child and Family Household Health Survey, was analyzed cross-sectionally for child oral health status as the outcome, a four-item index of neighborhood social capital ...


Uncovering The Evidence: Systematic Review Of Interventions To Reduce Oral Health Disparities Between Adults With Intellectual Disability And The General Population, Christine J. Clifford, Alexandra Bonardi, Nancy E. Harger, Matthew Holder 2013 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Uncovering The Evidence: Systematic Review Of Interventions To Reduce Oral Health Disparities Between Adults With Intellectual Disability And The General Population, Christine J. Clifford, Alexandra Bonardi, Nancy E. Harger, Matthew Holder

Eunice Kennedy Shriver Center Publications

Oral health is a public health concern for people with intellectual or developmental disabilities (I/DD). Research consistently shows that the population with I/DD experiences poorer oral hygiene, higher prevalence and severity of periodontal disease, and higher incidence of untreated caries when compared to the general population. Poor oral health can cause chronic pain, affect the ability to eat and communicate, and adversely affect physical health and quality of life. Intervention strategies include enhanced prevention, increased routine care, expanded insurance coverage, and training for dentists and hygienists. Research is needed to identify the most effective interventions. A standard systematic ...


Prenatal Oral Health Education In U.S. Dental Schools And Obstetrics And Gynecology Residencies, Megan Curtis, Hugh Silk, Judith A. Savageau 2013 Swedish Family Medicine Residency First Hill

Prenatal Oral Health Education In U.S. Dental Schools And Obstetrics And Gynecology Residencies, Megan Curtis, Hugh Silk, Judith A. Savageau

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Prenatal oral health (POH) is an important health issue, but dental and obstetrical clinicians are not meeting the oral health needs of pregnant patients. This study evaluates how training contributes to this paradox with a national survey of sixty dental school deans and 240 obstetrics and gynecology residency program directors. Response rates were 53 percent and 40 percent for deans and program directors, respectively. According to the respondents, 94 percent of responding dental schools provided POH education, only 39 percent of responding residencies taught POH, and 65 percent of responding deans and 45 percent of responding program directors were aware ...


Improving Dental Visits For Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorders Through An Understanding Of Sensory Processing, Heather Miller Kuhaneck, Elizabeth Cipes Chisholm, DMD 2013 Sacred Heart University

Improving Dental Visits For Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorders Through An Understanding Of Sensory Processing, Heather Miller Kuhaneck, Elizabeth Cipes Chisholm, Dmd

Heather Miller Kuhaneck

The increasing prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) suggests that dental practices will be seeing patients with this diagnosis more frequently. Although patients with ASD have similar dental needs to other patients, the symptoms of the disorder may influence the ability of dental practitioners to provide necessary care. Dental professionals may be unaware of the difficulties with sensory processing common to patients with ASD. However, awareness of sensory processing issues and knowledge of strategies to improve the sensory experience for individuals with ASD may improve dental visits for these patients and allow for enhanced dental care provision.


Screening The Safety Net, Babette L. Southard Mrs 2013 East Tennessee State University

Screening The Safety Net, Babette L. Southard Mrs

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Safety net clinics across the country struggle with a lack of resources to tackle the needs presented. Screening programs set up for children and elderly have proven to be effective in triaging need, prioritizing care, and maximizing resources. These programs do not currently exist for working uninsured adults. Research was initiated to answer the question: Does the screening process improve patient care for the community clinic? During a 6-week pilot study a licensed dental hygienist performed 30 screenings in the community clinic setting. Findings were recorded and coded according to patient’s level of need identified. Pre- and posttest data ...


Who Participates In Web-Assisted Tobacco Interventions? The Quit-Primo And National Dental Practice-Based Research Network Hi-Quit Studies, Rajani S. Sadasivam, Rebecca L. Kinney, Kathryn L. Delaughter, Sowmya R. Rao, Jessica Hillman Williams, Heather L. Coley, Midge N. Ray, Gregg H. Gilbert, Jeroan J. Allison, Daniel E. Ford, Thomas K. Houston 2013 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Who Participates In Web-Assisted Tobacco Interventions? The Quit-Primo And National Dental Practice-Based Research Network Hi-Quit Studies, Rajani S. Sadasivam, Rebecca L. Kinney, Kathryn L. Delaughter, Sowmya R. Rao, Jessica Hillman Williams, Heather L. Coley, Midge N. Ray, Gregg H. Gilbert, Jeroan J. Allison, Daniel E. Ford, Thomas K. Houston

Rajani S. Sadasivam

INTRODUCTION: Smoking is the most preventable cause of death. Although effective, Web-assisted tobacco interventions are underutilized and recruitment is challenging. Understanding who participates in Web-assisted tobacco interventions may help in improving recruitment.

OBJECTIVES: To understand characteristics of smokers participating in a Web-assisted tobacco intervention (Decide2Quit.org).

METHODS: In addition to the typical Google advertisements, we expanded Decide2Quit.org recruitment to include referrals from medical and dental providers. We assessed how the expanded recruitment of smokers changed the users' characteristics, including comparison with a population-based sample of smokers from the national Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance Survey (BRFSS). Using a negative binomial ...


Prevalence, Incidence And Risk Factors For Early Childhood Caries Among Young African-American Children In Alabama, Tariq Sabah AbdulGhany Ghazal 2013 University of Iowa

Prevalence, Incidence And Risk Factors For Early Childhood Caries Among Young African-American Children In Alabama, Tariq Sabah Abdulghany Ghazal

Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Who Participates In Web-Assisted Tobacco Interventions? The Quit-Primo And National Dental Practice-Based Research Network Hi-Quit Studies, Rajani S. Sadasivam, Rebecca L. Kinney, Kathryn L. Delaughter, Sowmya R. Rao, Jessica Hillman Williams, Heather L. Coley, Midge N. Ray, Gregg H. Gilbert, Jeroan J. Allison, Daniel E. Ford, Thomas K. Houston 2013 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Who Participates In Web-Assisted Tobacco Interventions? The Quit-Primo And National Dental Practice-Based Research Network Hi-Quit Studies, Rajani S. Sadasivam, Rebecca L. Kinney, Kathryn L. Delaughter, Sowmya R. Rao, Jessica Hillman Williams, Heather L. Coley, Midge N. Ray, Gregg H. Gilbert, Jeroan J. Allison, Daniel E. Ford, Thomas K. Houston

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

INTRODUCTION: Smoking is the most preventable cause of death. Although effective, Web-assisted tobacco interventions are underutilized and recruitment is challenging. Understanding who participates in Web-assisted tobacco interventions may help in improving recruitment.

OBJECTIVES: To understand characteristics of smokers participating in a Web-assisted tobacco intervention (Decide2Quit.org).

METHODS: In addition to the typical Google advertisements, we expanded Decide2Quit.org recruitment to include referrals from medical and dental providers. We assessed how the expanded recruitment of smokers changed the users' characteristics, including comparison with a population-based sample of smokers from the national Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance Survey (BRFSS). Using a negative binomial ...


Association Between Dietary Factors And Malocclusion, Aaron Christian Blackwelder 2013 University of Iowa

Association Between Dietary Factors And Malocclusion, Aaron Christian Blackwelder

Theses and Dissertations

Associations Between Dietary Factors and Malocclusion. Blackwelder AC*, Warren JJ, Levy SM, Marshall TA, Bishara SE (University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA)

Purpose: Malocclusions, including crowding, have a multifactorial etiology, but it has been suggested that dietary factors may be a risk factor for malocclusion. Thus, the objective was to assess associations between dietary factors and dental crowding in a sample of Iowa Fluoride Study participants.

Methods: As participants in the Iowa Fluoride Study, subjects were followed up from birth to 102 months using questionnaires and diet diaries periodically to gather information on dietary intake. Subjects were also examined clinically ...


Knowledge Of Risk Factors For Oral Cancer Among Adult Iowans, Stella Ogechi Chukwu 2013 University of Iowa

Knowledge Of Risk Factors For Oral Cancer Among Adult Iowans, Stella Ogechi Chukwu

Theses and Dissertations

AUTHORS: Stella Chukwu DDS, Daniel Caplan, DDS, PhD, Michelle R. McQuistan, DDS, MS, Alice M. Horowitz, PhD, Christopher Squier PhD, Fang Qian, PhD

TITLE: KNOWLEDGE OF RISK FACTORS FOR ORAL CANCER AMONG ADULT IOWANS

OBJECTIVE: To gather baseline data from adult Iowans regarding their knowledge, opinions and practices about oral cancer (OC) prevention and early detection; with a focus on their knowledge of risk factors for OC.

METHODS: A statewide, computer assisted random-digit dial telephone survey was conducted to gather information about OC prevention and early detection among Iowans age 18 and older. The survey contained 36 questions and lasted ...


Combatting Dental Anxiety In Patients, Gretchen Osdoba 2013 College of Saint Benedict/Saint John's University

Combatting Dental Anxiety In Patients, Gretchen Osdoba

Natural Science Capstone Theses

Dental Anxiety is a highly debilitating condition that can keep people away from the dentist and from receiving critical care. This can lead to serious medical conditions that could have easily been prevented through proper dental care. The purpose of this paper is to describe the nature of dental fear and the different treatment options available. I will focus on helpful traits of dentists and the use of psychological treatments, nitrous oxide, anti-anxiety medications, and general anesthesia to reduce this fear. I will also discuss a comparison of a psychological treatment and an anti-anxiety medication as short-term and long-term treatment ...


Cluster-Randomized Trial Of A Web-Assisted Tobacco Quality Improvement Intervention Of Subsequent Patient Tobacco Product Use: A National Dental Pbrn Study, Thomas K. Houston, Kathryn L. Delaughter, Midge N. Ray, Gregg H. Gilbert, Jeroan J. Allison, Catarina I. Kiefe, Julie E. Volkman 2013 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Cluster-Randomized Trial Of A Web-Assisted Tobacco Quality Improvement Intervention Of Subsequent Patient Tobacco Product Use: A National Dental Pbrn Study, Thomas K. Houston, Kathryn L. Delaughter, Midge N. Ray, Gregg H. Gilbert, Jeroan J. Allison, Catarina I. Kiefe, Julie E. Volkman

Population and Quantitative Health Sciences Publications

ABSTRACT:

BACKGROUND: Brief clinician delivered advice helps in tobacco cessation efforts. This study assessed the impact of our intervention on instances of advice given to dental patients during visits on tobacco use quit rates 6 months after the intervention.

METHODS: The intervention was cluster randomized trial at the dental practice level. Intervention dental practices were provided a longitudinal technology-assisted intervention, oralcancerprevention.org that included a series of interactive educational cases and motivational email cues to remind dental provides to complete guideline-concordant brief behavioral counseling at the point of care. In all dental practices, exit cards were given to the first ...


Teledentistry: A Systematic Review Of Clinical Outcomes, Utilization And Costs, Susan J. Daniel, Lin Wu, Sajeesh Kumar 2013 Old Dominion University

Teledentistry: A Systematic Review Of Clinical Outcomes, Utilization And Costs, Susan J. Daniel, Lin Wu, Sajeesh Kumar

Dental Hygiene Faculty Publications

Purpose: The purpose of this systematic review is to identify clinical outcomes, health care utilization and costs associated with teledentistry. Relevant databases were searched for articles on teledentistry published until March 2012, reference lists examined and key journals hand searched. Of a possible 58 articles, 19 studies met the inclusion criteria.

Clinical outcomes were generally improved following a teledentistry intervention and satisfaction with teledentistry was consistently high. The few studies examining health care utilization reported mixed findings, but preliminary evidence suggests cost savings for health care facilities.

There is a consistent trend in the literature supporting the efficacy and effectiveness ...


Relationship Between Untreated Dental Caries And Weight And Height Of 6- To 12-Year-Old Primary School Children In Bangladesh, Masuma Pervin Mishu, Martin Hobdell, Mahfujul Haq Khan, Richard M. Hubbard, Wael Sabbah 2013 Dhaka Dental College Hospital

Relationship Between Untreated Dental Caries And Weight And Height Of 6- To 12-Year-Old Primary School Children In Bangladesh, Masuma Pervin Mishu, Martin Hobdell, Mahfujul Haq Khan, Richard M. Hubbard, Wael Sabbah

Oral Health Promotion and Community Outreach Publications

Background. Children in low-income developing countries are likely to suffer from undergrowth. Dental caries is another common problem in these countries. Aim. To examine the association between untreated dental caries in primary and permanent teeth with age-adjusted height and weight among 6–12-year-old children in Bangladesh. Design. Social, behavioural, and clinical data were collected from 1699 children in nine different randomly selected primary schools in socially deprived areas of Bangladesh. The associations of age-adjusted weight and height and being underweight with dental caries were examined adjusting for sex, area of residence, socioeconomic position, skipping meals, tooth cleaning, and doctor visits ...


Brief Oral Health Promotion Intervention Among Parents Of Young Children To Reduce Early Childhood Dental Decay, Peter Arrow, Joseph Raheb, Margaret Miller 2013 Edith Cowan University

Brief Oral Health Promotion Intervention Among Parents Of Young Children To Reduce Early Childhood Dental Decay, Peter Arrow, Joseph Raheb, Margaret Miller

ECU Publications 2013

Background: Severe untreated dental decay affects a child's growth, body weight, quality of life as well as cognitive development, and the effects extend beyond the child to the family, the community and the health care system. Early health behavioural factors, including dietary practices and eating patterns, can play a major role in the initiation and development of oral diseases, particularly dental caries. The parent/caregiver, usually the mother, has a critical role in the adoption of protective health care behaviours and parental feeding practices strongly influence children's eating behaviours. This study will test if an early oral health ...


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