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Understanding The Effects Of Hormone Treatments On The Transgender Singer: A Pedagogical Study And Voice Studio Guide, Erin M. Hannon 2024 University of Kentucky

Understanding The Effects Of Hormone Treatments On The Transgender Singer: A Pedagogical Study And Voice Studio Guide, Erin M. Hannon

Theses and Dissertations--Music

Transitioning from one gender to another can be an arduous and emotionally charged experience, accompanied by many physical and mental transformations. The journey of self-discovery and vocal explorations is both unique and deeply personal. Modifications that emerge in an individual's vocal characteristics have a profound influence on their capacity to communicate and express themselves.

Transgender vocal students and professional singers must navigate the delicate balance between their vocal and gender identities while considering the possible risks of Gender Affirming Hormone Therapy. Though these therapies may significantly alter one's appearance and overall well-being, they are also capable of causing notable declines …


Lack Of Protocol Standardization For Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials, Kendall J. Werhane 2024 Missouri State University

Lack Of Protocol Standardization For Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials, Kendall J. Werhane

MSU Graduate Theses

Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials (VEMPs) are used in the field of Audiology to allow us to evaluate otolith and vestibular nerve function, which provides us with information that prior testing could not exclusively identify. While the collection of data from VEMPs is useful for many audiologic and vestibular diagnoses, achieving accurate recordings can be challenging due to the complex nature of testing. The article below will take a deep dive into different VEMP devices and the protocol they used to record VEMPs on their participants. The purpose of developing state-of-the-art (SOTA) equipment for VEMP testing is to ensure that the …


Instrumental Assessment Of Aero-Resistive Expiratory Muscle Strength Rehabilitation Devices, Angela M. Dietsch, Rahul Krishnamurthy, Kelsey Young, Steven M. Barlow 2024 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Instrumental Assessment Of Aero-Resistive Expiratory Muscle Strength Rehabilitation Devices, Angela M. Dietsch, Rahul Krishnamurthy, Kelsey Young, Steven M. Barlow

Department of Special Education and Communication Disorders: Faculty Publications

Purpose

Expiratory muscle strength training (EMST) is increasingly being used to treat voice, cough, and swallowing deficits in a wide range of conditions. However, a multitude of aero-resistive EMST models are commercially available, and the ab-sence of side-by-side comparative data interferes with clinicians’ ability to assess which model is best suited to a particular client’s needs. The primary aim of this research was to test and compare the pressure and flow parameters of six currently available EMST models to help inform clinical decision making.

Method

We identified and tested five devices of each of six different EMST models to generate …


Scholarship Of Teaching And Learning In Communication Sciences And Disorders: Past, Present, And Future, Sarah M. Ginsberg, Colleen F. Visconti, Jennifer C. Friberg 2024 Eastern Michigan University

Scholarship Of Teaching And Learning In Communication Sciences And Disorders: Past, Present, And Future, Sarah M. Ginsberg, Colleen F. Visconti, Jennifer C. Friberg

Books - Communication Sciences and Disorders

No abstract provided.


Evaluation And Treatment Of Central Auditory Processing And Sound Tolerance Disorders, Aaliyah Gladney, Antony Joseph 2024 Illinois State University

Evaluation And Treatment Of Central Auditory Processing And Sound Tolerance Disorders, Aaliyah Gladney, Antony Joseph

AuD Capstone Projects - Communication Sciences and Disorders

Abstract 1

Introduction: Central auditory processing disorder (CAPD) affects how a listener understands speech even though their peripheral auditory system is intact. Case Presentation: An adult female was seen for a CAPD evaluation after experiencing recent listening difficulties following an automobile accident while 20 weeks pregnant. Results from a comprehensive audiological evaluation revealed audiometrically normal hearing in both ears. Results from the CAPD evaluation suggested a prosodic deficit. Discussion: Although results from testing were consistent with a prosodic deficit, the patient’s case history, original complaints, and recommendations were more consistent with an integration deficit. Conclusion: This case demonstrates that clinicians …


Collapsed Ear Canal And Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss, Emily Adelman 2024 Illinois State University

Collapsed Ear Canal And Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss, Emily Adelman

AuD Capstone Projects - Communication Sciences and Disorders

No abstract provided.


Impact Of Covid-19 On Individuals With Aphasia: Effects On Quality Of Life And Communication, Kaci L. Gammon 2024 Georgia Southern University

Impact Of Covid-19 On Individuals With Aphasia: Effects On Quality Of Life And Communication, Kaci L. Gammon

Honors College Theses

Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) help people with aphasia (PWA) manage their communication symptoms and become more independent by supporting them linguistically and emotionally. During COVID-19, speech and language services were not as readily available to PWA due to quarantine restrictions resulting in isolation within this population. Individuals with aphasia had to redirect and find a new way to function daily. This study explored factors that affected quality of communication and quality of life for PWA during the pandemic, including technology, living situation, timing of stroke, and speech-language pathology services. Through an online survey, PWA from across the country expressed how their …


Considering Extended High-Frequency Audiometry As A Screening Tool For Auditory Processing Disorder, Maylee Martin 2024 The University of Akron

Considering Extended High-Frequency Audiometry As A Screening Tool For Auditory Processing Disorder, Maylee Martin

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

The purpose of this research project is to describe Auditory Processing Disorder (APD) and its background and etiology, signs and symptoms, and treatment options. APD is an auditory disorder that affects the central nervous system. Individuals with auditory processing disorders are able to detect sounds at normal hearing levels and pass a standard hearing test, but struggle with higher order auditory skills such as auditory discrimination, binaural processing, including understanding in the presence of background noise, and temporal processing (ASHA, 2005). A full auditory processing test battery is time consuming, and many audiologists are not skilled in administering typical APD …


The Effects Of Exercise-Based Voice Therapy On Swallowing Outcomes: A Pilot Study Framework, Jenna F. Johnson 2024 University of Kentucky

The Effects Of Exercise-Based Voice Therapy On Swallowing Outcomes: A Pilot Study Framework, Jenna F. Johnson

Theses and Dissertations--Communication Sciences and Disorders

In a 2019 study analyzing dysphonic patients in relation to coexisting dysphagia, approximately 11.8% of clients receiving treatment for voice disorders reported difficulty swallowing. However, the literature exploring the use of voice exercises to improve swallow function is limited to a small amount of voice treatment approaches, which does not reflect the wide range of evidence-based treatment approaches that may be prescribed for treatment of one’s voice complaints. This project proposes a descriptive study that would identify if completion of prescribed voice therapy exercises has implications on swallowing function in clients with co-occurring voice and swallow impairments. A pilot study …


Advancing Dysphagia Screening: A Comparison Of Patient-Reported Outcome Measures And Bolus-Driven Screenings In Aspiration Prediction, Arica Amie Rusco 2024 University of Kentucky

Advancing Dysphagia Screening: A Comparison Of Patient-Reported Outcome Measures And Bolus-Driven Screenings In Aspiration Prediction, Arica Amie Rusco

Theses and Dissertations--Communication Sciences and Disorders

It is known that dysphagia impacts an individual’s health and quality of life. Due to this, early identification of dysphagia is crucial. There are many different dysphagia screening tools with no consensus. This study aimed to compare the two most frequently used dysphagia screenings, a patient-reported outcome measure (PROM), the EAT-10, and bolus-driven swallow screening, the Yale Swallow Protocol, to determine if one tool is superior in aspiration prediction on a videofluoroscopic swallow study (VFSS). This study also aimed to discover the best cutoff score on the EAT-10 for aspiration prediction. A total of 66 participants were recruited after physician …


“Your Legs Don’T Look All That Good” An Analysis Of Impoliteness And Politeness In Individuals With Traumatic Brain Injuries In The Workplace, Grace Kozal 2024 University of Kentucky

“Your Legs Don’T Look All That Good” An Analysis Of Impoliteness And Politeness In Individuals With Traumatic Brain Injuries In The Workplace, Grace Kozal

Theses and Dissertations--Communication Sciences and Disorders

Background: Social communication disorders are a common outcome from traumatic brain injury (TBI). This social communication disorder can be seen through impolite speech acts during conversation. While politeness is a social norm for workplace discourse, instances of impoliteness may have poor consequences. This research explores the use of impoliteness in persons with TBI within computer generated work-based conditions.

Methods: Language samples from the Voicemail Elicitation Task (VET) and Feedback/Advice Spoken Task (FAST) were transcribed word-for-word. Transcripts from all 62 participants were coded for impoliteness using a developed Impoliteness Codebook and were analyzed to identify significant differences in the number of …


Influence Of Personality On Ethical Decision-Making In Communication Sciences And Disorders, Jennifer K. Binkley, Terry W. Baggs 2023 Abilene Christian University

Influence Of Personality On Ethical Decision-Making In Communication Sciences And Disorders, Jennifer K. Binkley, Terry W. Baggs

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: A relationship between personality and ethical decision-making has been demonstrated in professions both within and outside of healthcare. However, this relationship has not been examined in the rehabilitation therapies, including speech-language pathology (SLP). Given the ethical dilemmas faced by therapists, it is important to assess this relationship and to modify ethical training when warranted. Methods: A total of 175 undergraduate communication sciences and disorders students participated in completing the Kiersey Temperament Sorter II and the Defining Issues Test-2. Scores were statistically compared to determine the relationship between the two assessments. Results: Based on a model of moral reasoning development, …


Hearing Loss As A Risk Factor For Cognitive Decline In The Elderly: A Rapid Review, Natalie Large, Nannette Nicholson 2023 Nova Southeastern University

Hearing Loss As A Risk Factor For Cognitive Decline In The Elderly: A Rapid Review, Natalie Large, Nannette Nicholson

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: The aim of this rapid review was to identify and evaluate evidence exploring hearing loss as a risk factor for cognitive decline in the elderly population. Methods: A literature search was performed in three databases: CINAHL, Cochrane Central, and PubMed. The PRISMA template was used to record the search and selection process. Search criteria included older adults aged 65 and up with diagnosed or self-reported hearing loss and no previous diagnosis of dementia or Alzheimer’s disease. Participants were excluded if they had been diagnosed with dementia or tested for it before the study began. Hearing loss was categorized using …


Numerical Investigation Of Subglottal Stenosis Effects On Human Voice Production, Dariush Bodaghi 2023 University of Maine

Numerical Investigation Of Subglottal Stenosis Effects On Human Voice Production, Dariush Bodaghi

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation aimed to advance knowledge of how subglottal stenosis impacts voice production physiology. An in-house fluid-structure-acoustic interaction approach based on the hydrodynamic/acoustic splitting technique was employed. This technique was rigorously verified for simulating phonation by matching the acoustic behavior to a compressible flow solver for phonation-relevant geometries. Simulations of an idealized 2D vocal tract model demonstrated the effects of supraglottal acoustic resonance on vocal fold kinematics and glottal flow waveform. Results showed that the acoustic coupling between higher harmonics and formats generated pressure oscillations, modifying vocal fold dynamics and glottal flow rate.

A major novelty was the incorporation and …


A Retrospective Analysis Of Hearing Screening Outcomes In Infants Whose Mothers Were Covid-19 Positive During Pregnancy, Sangamanatha Ankmnal Ankmnal Veeranna, Charles G. Marx, Hwanseok Choi, Clinton White, Kimberly Ward 2023 University of Southern Mississippi

A Retrospective Analysis Of Hearing Screening Outcomes In Infants Whose Mothers Were Covid-19 Positive During Pregnancy, Sangamanatha Ankmnal Ankmnal Veeranna, Charles G. Marx, Hwanseok Choi, Clinton White, Kimberly Ward

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

Background: This study examined hearing screening referral rates over a three-year period, including testing performed pre-pandemic (2019) and during the first two years (2020 and 2021) of the onset of the spread of COVID-19.

Methods: This study conducted a retrospective analysis of 8,130 hearing screening referral records from 2019 – 2021, obtained from a large regional level II trauma center. These records were generated from the universal hearing screening process which utilized automated auditory brainstem response devices.

Results: There was no significant change in the number of infants screened for hearing loss and hearing screening outcomes between the pre-pandemic and …


Factors Contributing To Late Identification Of Deaf/Hard Of Hearing Children In Louisiana, Danielle D. Mercer, Tri Tran, Dawne McCabe, Terri Ibieta, Dana Hubbard 2023 Louisiana Department of Health, Office of Public Health, Bureau of Family Health

Factors Contributing To Late Identification Of Deaf/Hard Of Hearing Children In Louisiana, Danielle D. Mercer, Tri Tran, Dawne Mccabe, Terri Ibieta, Dana Hubbard

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

To ensure children who are Deaf/Hard of Hearing (D/HH) receive supports they need to reach their full potential, it is imperative that they be identified as early as possible. Early Hearing Detection and Intervention benchmarks stipulate children who are D/HH be enrolled in early intervention no later than 6 months of age. A major barrier to early enrollment is late identification. We reviewed records of children identified as D/HH in Louisiana after 6 months of age for 2015-2020 birth cohorts to determine factors contributing to the late identification. Cases were examined in-depth after it was determined that a diagnosis was …


Seven Years Of Csd Book Club: Nurturing Skills And Enhancing Worldviews, Lillian N. Stiegler, Rebecca Davis, Donna Thomas, Rebecca L. Parker, Martha Sherrill 2023 Southeastern Louisiana University

Seven Years Of Csd Book Club: Nurturing Skills And Enhancing Worldviews, Lillian N. Stiegler, Rebecca Davis, Donna Thomas, Rebecca L. Parker, Martha Sherrill

Journal of Interprofessional Practice and Collaboration

Abstract

Purpose: CSD faculty at a mid-sized public university invited students and alumni to join a monthly book club focused on topics relevant to professional practice. The goals were (1) to create a pleasurable activity that would serve as a social and intellectual forum for open dialogue; (2) to attempt to address gaps in the less tangible “soft” skills that may not be directly or thoroughly taught in courses; and (3) to help participants see beyond personal interest silos and explore new topics.

Method: The work reviews and summarizes book club research from health care, education and CSD. It describes …


The Effectiveness Of An Educational Video Intervention For People With Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Prior To Power Wheelchair Evaluations, Mark Blanchard, Kelly Connelley, Emily Copeland, Quinn Malbrough, Sara Pendleton, Ingrid Franc 2023 LSU Health New Orleans

The Effectiveness Of An Educational Video Intervention For People With Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Prior To Power Wheelchair Evaluations, Mark Blanchard, Kelly Connelley, Emily Copeland, Quinn Malbrough, Sara Pendleton, Ingrid Franc

Journal of Interprofessional Practice and Collaboration

PURPOSE: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease that ultimately requires a power wheelchair (PWC) as the main source of mobility. The purpose of this project was to determine the effectiveness of an educational video to prepare a client for a PWC assessment by addressing four themes: PWC features, home environment, transportation, and client self-efficacy.

METHODS: An educational video was created and used in an ALS Multidisciplinary Clinic to better prepare clients for the PWC evaluation process. The effectiveness of this video was measured using a seven-question Likert scale survey focusing on the themes of the video. Individuals living …


Core Vocabulary Intervention For Language-Delayed Kindergarten Students Using Augmentative And Alternative Communication, Angela M. Riccelli, RAVI NIGAM 2023 Governors State University

Core Vocabulary Intervention For Language-Delayed Kindergarten Students Using Augmentative And Alternative Communication, Angela M. Riccelli, Ravi Nigam

Journal of Applied Disciplines

The purpose of this study was to measure the impact of core vocabulary selection and the subsequent usage of a prescribed core vocabulary intervention over a period of one trimester (13-week period) and to report its impact on the overall communicative effectiveness of kindergarten students with language delay using augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). Study participants were provided with a pretest, speech and language therapy sessions in which intervention took place, and a posttest, which was administered by a speech–language pathologist. Intervention implementation commenced at the beginning of the school year and extended through the end of the trimester.13-week period. …


Explainable Machine Learning Reveals The Relationship Between Hearing Thresholds And Speech-In-Noise Recognition In Listeners With Normal Audiograms, Jithin Raj Balan, Hansapani Rodrigo, Udit Saxena, Srikanta K. Mishra 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Explainable Machine Learning Reveals The Relationship Between Hearing Thresholds And Speech-In-Noise Recognition In Listeners With Normal Audiograms, Jithin Raj Balan, Hansapani Rodrigo, Udit Saxena, Srikanta K. Mishra

School of Mathematical and Statistical Sciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

Some individuals complain of listening-in-noise difficulty despite having a normal audiogram. In this study, machine learning is applied to examine the extent to which hearing thresholds can predict speech-in-noise recognition among normal-hearing individuals. The specific goals were to (1) compare the performance of one standard (GAM, generalized additive model) and four machine learning models (ANN, artificial neural network; DNN, deep neural network; RF, random forest; XGBoost; eXtreme gradient boosting), and (2) examine the relative contribution of individual audiometric frequencies and demographic variables in predicting speech-in-noise recognition. Archival data included thresholds (0.25–16 kHz) and speech recognition thresholds (SRTs) from listeners with …


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