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Speech Pathology and Audiology Commons

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Effects Of Stuttering Frequency, Speaking Rate And Treatment On Speech Naturalness In Adults Who Stutter, Emily Hausman 2019 Western Michigan University

Effects Of Stuttering Frequency, Speaking Rate And Treatment On Speech Naturalness In Adults Who Stutter, Emily Hausman

Honors Theses

Purpose: Individuals who stutter can often exhibit speech patterns that sound unnatural compared to individuals who do not stutter. Unnaturalness can be due to several underlying factors including the presence of stuttering itself and the unintended consequences of treatment approaches that alter speech motor patterns. Understanding factors that impact speech naturalness within the stuttering population can help improve the clinical management of the disorder. The current study investigates the relationship between pause duration, speech rate and stuttering frequency, and listener ratings of speech naturalness in a group of adults who stutter (AWS) before and after participation in a stuttering treatment ...


Exploring The Cochlear Implant Controversy: The Role Of And Experience With Deaf Culture For Parents Of Pediatric Cochlear Implant Users, Tia Kilgore 2019 University of Northern Colorado

Exploring The Cochlear Implant Controversy: The Role Of And Experience With Deaf Culture For Parents Of Pediatric Cochlear Implant Users, Tia Kilgore

Ursidae: The Undergraduate Research Journal at the University of Northern Colorado

This project examined the relationships between pediatric cochlear implantation and Deaf Culture. More specifically, this research investigated how/if parents are educated about or exposed to Deaf Culture during the cochlear implant candidacy evaluation process, and what type of interactions (if any) the child or caregiver had with members of the Deaf community after the child received a cochlear implant. A short survey was distributed to caregivers of pediatric cochlear implantees. While the responses were varied, a majority of caregivers responded that Deaf culture was not an active piece of the CI candidacy process. Additionally, interactions with members of the ...


Can Your Dog Hear You? Perceptions About Canine Hearing Loss And Noise Exposure, Nakita Jarmon 2019 University of Northern Colorado

Can Your Dog Hear You? Perceptions About Canine Hearing Loss And Noise Exposure, Nakita Jarmon

Ursidae: The Undergraduate Research Journal at the University of Northern Colorado

This research study was designed to explore dog owners’ views on how often they expose their dogs to loud noises and whether or not the owners believe noise exposure affects their dogs’ hearing. Many humans are not aware that dogs, too, can suffer from hearing loss. To determine dog owners’ perceptions of the amount of noise exposure their dogs face and if their hearing is affected as a result, I created a survey for dog owners in Colorado. The results indicated that many dog owners do not believe they expose their dogs to loud noises. A majority of individuals were ...


An Exploration Of Resources Available To Deaf Children Attending Public And Deaf Community Schools, Katelyn Reid 2019 Western Michigan University

An Exploration Of Resources Available To Deaf Children Attending Public And Deaf Community Schools, Katelyn Reid

Honors Theses

The purpose of this paper is to explore current literature surrounding the similarities, differences, advantages and disadvantages that Deaf children experience while attending mainstream schools compared to the experiences of Deaf children attending all-Deaf and signing schools. A literature review was conducted using the terms: “mainstream schools” , “signing schools” , “resources” , and “Deaf children” were used. Areas of specific interest included social skills, academic performance, overall mood, and the availability of classroom and communication resources. A review of the literature in these four specific areas revealed mixed findings about which academic environment is more beneficial for Deaf children. As a result ...


Speech-Language Pathologist Preferences For Treatment Types For Childhood Apraxia Of Speech, Meeghan Hoose 2019 Western Michigan University

Speech-Language Pathologist Preferences For Treatment Types For Childhood Apraxia Of Speech, Meeghan Hoose

Honors Theses

Childhood Apraxia of Speech (CAS), also known as developmental apraxia is, “a motor speech disorder that makes it hard for children to speak” (American Speech-Language-Hearing Association). While the child knows what he/she wants to say, the signals going from the brain to the mouth are not delivered correctly, resulting in the mouth not moving appropriately to produce the desired sounds. There are several methods used by speech-language pathologists to treat CAS including moto-programming, a linguistic approach, a combination of motor-programming and linguistic methods, sensory cuing and rhythmic approaches. Through surveying local practicing school speech-language pathologists, I will learn their ...


Patient Perception And Clinician Ratings Of Voice Disorder Severity, Elissa C. Doll 2019 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Patient Perception And Clinician Ratings Of Voice Disorder Severity, Elissa C. Doll

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

The goal of this study was to determine if there is a correlation between clinician measures of voice disorder severity and patients’ perceived impact of their voice disorders through a retrospective analysis of patients evaluated at the UTHSC Hearing and Speech Center from 2015 to 2019. The Consensus Auditory Perceptual Evaluation of Voice (CAPE-V), a clinician rating scale, and the Voice Handicap Index (VHI), a self-rating form, were reviewed for eighty-nine patients diagnosed with dysphonia and who met the criteria. Results of the Pearson Product Moment Correlation determined a significant correlation between the two measures (r-.558, p


Value Of Otoacoustic Emissions Testing In Pre-School Hearing Screenings: A Literature Review, Paige Stabrawa, Scott E. Seeman PhD 2019 Illinois State University

Value Of Otoacoustic Emissions Testing In Pre-School Hearing Screenings: A Literature Review, Paige Stabrawa, Scott E. Seeman Phd

AuD Capstone Projects - Communication Sciences and Disorders

Unidentified hearing loss in children can have a potential effect on their speech and language, educational, cognitive, and social development. The goal of early detection is to minimize the effects of hearing loss through the appropriate referral for diagnosis and treatment. Hearing screenings throughout the preschool and school-age years are vital for the detection of a late-onset, late identified, or acquired hearing loss. Three influential organizations known as The American Academy of Audiology (AAA), The American Speech- Language-Hearing Association (ASHA), and The National Center for Hearing Assessment and Management (NCHAM), have considered behavioral pure tone screening as the “gold standard ...


Picture Cued And Speech Production Cued Approaches For Speech Sound Learning, Michelyve C. Petit 2019 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Picture Cued And Speech Production Cued Approaches For Speech Sound Learning, Michelyve C. Petit

LSU Master's Theses

This study examined the use of speech production cued cards, MorphoPhonic faces (MPF), and plain picture (PP) cards when seeking to remediate speech sound errors, specifically sounds / ɹ / and / s / in the word initial position. Fourteen children were provided articulation therapy at their public school using both stimulus types across four weeks. Each week, the total number of correct productions of target phoneme / s / and /ɹ/ were recorded and averaged. These results were used to graphically showcase trends in their performance with both stimulus types. The results demonstrated that MPF cards were advantageous for remediation of / ɹ / production at a ...


Efficacy Of A Three-Week Intervention Program For Children In The Areas Of Language, Articulation, Phonological Awareness, And Auditory Processing, Zoey Caballero 2019 Andrews University

Efficacy Of A Three-Week Intervention Program For Children In The Areas Of Language, Articulation, Phonological Awareness, And Auditory Processing, Zoey Caballero

Honors Theses

Competency in the areas of language, articulation, phonological awareness, and auditory processing are essential for children to succeed academically. For the past four summers, select professors and graduate student clinicians in the Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology Department at Andrews University have conducted an intensive three-week therapy program for school aged children to target these areas. By comparing pre/post-test scores, the purpose of the study is to obtain statistical evidence for specific therapy interventions in order to strengthen the effectiveness of the intensive therapy program.


Item Comparison Of Two Language Assessments In Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Christina M. Hensgens 2019 Louisiana State University

Item Comparison Of Two Language Assessments In Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Christina M. Hensgens

LSU Master's Theses

The language skills of children with ASD vary across the population and prove challenging to assess for many reasons. The current study was designed to compare two language assessments for children with ASD to gain understanding in determining the best method for assessment. The Preschool Language Scale-5 (PLS-5) is a standardized language assessment commonly used in the field of Speech-Language Pathology, while the Verbal Behavioral Milestones Assessment and Placement Program (VB-MAPP) is commonly used in Applied Behavior Analysis. Scores from children with ASD (N=17) on a total of 64 functionally equivalent items from both assessments were analyzed to determine ...


Acoustic Reflex And Extended High-Frequency Testing In Relation To Tinnitus, Deborah Kim 2019 Andrews University

Acoustic Reflex And Extended High-Frequency Testing In Relation To Tinnitus, Deborah Kim

Honors Theses

Tinnitus, a growing concern among adults, is the perception of sound without an external acoustic source. Tinnitus can sound like ringing, buzzing, and clicking and is typically caused by noise-induced hearing loss. Noise-induced hearing loss is caused by prolonged exposure to high levels of noise, which damages the cochlea, and can be temporary or permanent. The purpose of this study is to determine if there are any common factors or characteristics in Acoustic Reflex, standard pure tone and/or Extended High-Frequency testing results between two groups: people who report and do not report tinnitus. This study explores whether Acoustic Reflex ...


Rapid Assessment Of Problem Solving For Kids (Raps-K), Hannah Perdew 2019 Western Kentucky University

Rapid Assessment Of Problem Solving For Kids (Raps-K), Hannah Perdew

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

The Rapid Assessment of Problem Solving (RAPS) is a clinical assessment of verbal problem solving skills created by Dr. Robert Marshall and colleagues (Marshall, 2003). The assessment, originally developed for adults, is based on the well-known twenty questions game. The clinician administering the assessment chooses a target picture and the participant asks yes or no questions to eliminate incorrect answers and, eventually, identify the target picture. Question asking efficiency, indicated by the number of choices eliminated, is considered to reflect levels of cognitive functioning, specifically problem solving. Recently, the RAPS has been utilized with typically developing children and children with ...


Language Sampling Methods For Early Adolescents With Specific Language Impairment, Anna McKay 2019 Western Kentucky University

Language Sampling Methods For Early Adolescents With Specific Language Impairment, Anna Mckay

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

One essential component of clinical practice in the field of speech-language pathology is eliciting language to assess an individual’s communication abilities. Language becomes more sophisticated during the adolescent stage of development, particularly in the areas of vocabulary and complexity of sentence structures used. The current protocols used to evaluate adolescents are limited in their ability to elicit and analyze language samples, resulting in decreased effectiveness of identifying adolescents with language disorders. Preliminary data was collected at Western Kentucky University in 2018 regarding a new language sampling technique, the Dixit Method (DM), to elicit more lexically diverse language than standard ...


Acoustic Characteristics Of Vowels Produced By Young Children From The New Orleans Area, Rebecca E. Dorsa 2019 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Acoustic Characteristics Of Vowels Produced By Young Children From The New Orleans Area, Rebecca E. Dorsa

LSU Master's Theses

Understanding dialects and their effects on speech and language is integral to the field of speech-language pathology, as dialectal differences could potentially be misdiagnosed as speech or language disorders if these factors are not well-considered. The number and organization of the vowel system of one regional dialect of American English differs from those of another regional dialects. Therefore, understanding the effect of dialect on vowel productions in children can aid in the accurate evaluation of children from various dialectal backgrounds. The aims of the proposed study were to 1) determine the age at which young children develop acoustic markers of ...


Orthographic And Phonological Processing In Beginning Readers, Emily Fisher 2019 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Orthographic And Phonological Processing In Beginning Readers, Emily Fisher

Senior Theses

In order to learn to “sound out” new words, children must have phonological awareness, the ability to reflect on and manipulate the sounds in words. However, in skilled readers, performance on phonological awareness tasks is influenced by orthographic awareness, the awareness of spelling patterns and constraints. Both orthographic and phonological awareness are essential to reading, however, until recently the role of orthographic knowledge in phonological awareness has not been thoroughly investigated in beginning readers. Therefore, this study examined the relationship between orthographic and phonological knowledge in beginning readers and established a proof of concept for the use of eye tracking ...


Paradigm Shift: Assessing Slp Care Standards For Patients With Hnc, Claire Mentry M.S., CCC-SLP, Teresa M. Rex MA, CCC-SLP 2019 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Paradigm Shift: Assessing Slp Care Standards For Patients With Hnc, Claire Mentry M.S., Ccc-Slp, Teresa M. Rex Ma, Ccc-Slp

Patient Care Services / Nursing

No abstract provided.


Aphasia & Stutter Therapy: An Ailment Not To Be Treated, Janae Nieto 2019 Union College - Schenectady, NY

Aphasia & Stutter Therapy: An Ailment Not To Be Treated, Janae Nieto

Honors Theses

This work demonstrates the history of two common speech and communication disorders: aphasia and stuttering. Once considered incurable diseases, these conditions have since generated rich rehabilitation practices and accompanying schools of thought. The first part of the thesis takes up adult aphasia, excluding cases involving speech and communication disorders due to other mental illnesses. The second half of this project conveys the history of stuttering. The majority of the modern cases analyzed in this thesis focus on developmental stuttering in children; although, different forms of stuttering are embedded in the progression of the therapy history. Each chapter includes a section ...


Observation And Self-Report Of Fun And Social Engagement Of Nursing Home Residents During Bingocize®, Lauren Rene Stevens 2019 Western Kentucky University

Observation And Self-Report Of Fun And Social Engagement Of Nursing Home Residents During Bingocize®, Lauren Rene Stevens

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Individuals in certified nursing facilities (CNF) often experience social isolation and have limited opportunities to exercise. Bingocize®, an evidence-based healthpromotion program, is a combination of exercise and Bingo and provides opportunities for CNF resident interaction. Limited tools are available to quantify social engagement displayed by nursing home residents. Research suggests that intergenerational programming can positively affect social engagement. The present pilot study focused on the implementation of the Fun and Social Engagement (FUSE) evaluation to measure social engagement displayed by nursing home residents during Bingocize® sessions. The FUSE combined observation and self-report measures to yield a total social engagement score ...


Relationship Between Subject Pronoun And Verb Finite Marking In Aae-Speaking Children, Emily C. Sossaman 2019 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Relationship Between Subject Pronoun And Verb Finite Marking In Aae-Speaking Children, Emily C. Sossaman

LSU Master's Theses

Children learning General American English (GAE) show a relationship between their case marking of subject pronouns and their marking of finite verbs, and this relationship has been found for children with specific language impairment (SLI) and typically developing controls (TD). The relationship between children’s case marking of subject pronouns and finite verb marking has not been examined in children who speak dialects of English that differ from GAE. The purpose of the current study was to examine this relationship in children learning African American English (AAE) as this dialect differs from GAE. The data came from an archival dataset ...


Use Of Video-Models To Teach Language Stimulation Techniques, Jason Killian 2019 Louisiana State University

Use Of Video-Models To Teach Language Stimulation Techniques, Jason Killian

LSU Master's Theses

The current study was designed to assess the feasibility of creating videos depicting Enhanced Milieu Teaching (EMT) support strategies and presenting them to graduate students in a communication sciences and disorders program, and whether differences in accuracy existed between first- and second-year graduate students. EMT support strategies were chosen due to the previous successes found within the literature. Twelve videos were presented to ten graduate students. Each participant response was analyzed for accuracy and overall responses were compiled to create overall video clarity.

Results showed that the Communication Temptation EMT support strategy videos achieved the highest levels of clarity, while ...


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