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Bilingual Practices In Speech-Language Pathology In Nebraska Schools, Kylee Beyea 2020 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Bilingual Practices In Speech-Language Pathology In Nebraska Schools, Kylee Beyea

Theses/Capstones/Creative Projects

The United States is home to a population that is nearly 20% bilingual. A statistic such as this almost guarantees that speech-language pathologists (SLPs) will work with someone from this bilingual population at some point during their career. Many factors contribute to how children learn language, and there are added complexities in the acquisition of multiple languages which can complicate the job of a clinician. Silent periods, codeswitching, transfer, and other bilingual language phenomena make diagnosing speech and language disorders difficult. The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) provides guidelines and a code of ethics to be followed to ensure best practice ...


Comparison Of Eye Gaze Behaviors Across Samples Of 8- And 9-Month-Old Infants At-Risk For Autism, Aaron Borcyk, Sarah Schmidt, Hannah Lopez, Shari DeVeney, Anastasia Kyvelidou 2020 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Comparison Of Eye Gaze Behaviors Across Samples Of 8- And 9-Month-Old Infants At-Risk For Autism, Aaron Borcyk, Sarah Schmidt, Hannah Lopez, Shari Deveney, Anastasia Kyvelidou

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Though a precise etiology for autism remains unknown, two infant populations present with particularly high risk: younger siblings of children diagnosed with autism and infants born prematurely with low birth weight. The aim of the present exploratory study was to determine differences in social and nonsocial eye gaze behaviors between two samples of 8­ and 9­-month infants from high ­risk groups.


From Their Perspective: A Qualitative Analysis Of Stroke Survivor’S Motivation To Participate In Rehabilitation, Katie Tinsley, Rachel Johnson 2020 Old Dominion University

From Their Perspective: A Qualitative Analysis Of Stroke Survivor’S Motivation To Participate In Rehabilitation, Katie Tinsley, Rachel Johnson

Undergraduate Research Symposium

Introduction: It is common practice for healthcare professionals to make judgments about a patient's motivation based on their demeanor and compliance with therapy. Motivation is one of the predictors used to determine a stroke survivor's rehabilitation potential. There are several theories and constructs for motivation; however, there is limited research applying these concepts in stroke rehabilitation. Rehabilitation clinicians primarily rely on their clinical judgment and consult the evidence from related fields to identify the motivational needs of a stroke survivor. The objective of this study was to understand specific barriers to participation and identify motivational needs to sustain ...


A Comparison Of Face-To-Face Versus Online Instruction In The Correct Pronunciation Of Anatomical Terms In Communication Sciences And Disorders. An Initial Investigation, Ann L. Cralidis, Shannon W. Salley 2020 Longwood University

A Comparison Of Face-To-Face Versus Online Instruction In The Correct Pronunciation Of Anatomical Terms In Communication Sciences And Disorders. An Initial Investigation, Ann L. Cralidis, Shannon W. Salley

Teaching and Learning in Communication Sciences & Disorders

Accurate pronunciation of anatomical terms in the clinical practice of speech-language pathology (SLP) and audiology (AUD) enables a clinician to express and comprehend a conversation with peers and other professionals. It is also an important component of ensuring patient safety and in providing quality, patient-centered care. To date, no studies have explored whether differences may exist between the pronunciation skills of students who elect to complete a human anatomy and physiology course online versus in a face-to-face (FTF) format. This pilot study explored the ability of 98 undergraduate student participants to correctly pronounce 20 identical key terms that were a ...


Student Learning Of Perceptual Skills Related To Differentiating Motor Speech Disorders, Johanna Boult, Jessica Brownell 2020 Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport

Student Learning Of Perceptual Skills Related To Differentiating Motor Speech Disorders, Johanna Boult, Jessica Brownell

Teaching and Learning in Communication Sciences & Disorders

Purpose: This study aimed to determine if Speech-Language Pathology (SLP) graduate students’ perceptual skills improved after taking an MSD course by comparing pre- and posttest performance. The potential relationship between posttest perceptual-skills performance and academic performance was also investigated.Method: Before beginning instruction in MSD course content, students in a Master’s program in SLP were given a pretest (The Baseline & Post Learning Assessment of Listening & Diagnostics Skills (BPLALDS; Duffy, n.d.a)). Throughout the semester, students were exposed to didactic learning in the classroom supplemented by audio and video modules. At the end of the course, the BPLALDS was used as a posttest. Variation in perceptual skills ...


Graduate Student Retention Of Prerequisite Course Content, Carol A. Tessel, Vikas Grover 2020 Florida Atlantic University

Graduate Student Retention Of Prerequisite Course Content, Carol A. Tessel, Vikas Grover

Teaching and Learning in Communication Sciences & Disorders

Although most graduate schools for Speech-Language Pathology require the same core prerequisite classes, there is still variation in class requirements as well as variation in course content. Sixty-one instructors completed a survey regarding what they felt was essential course content from their prerequisite communication sciences and disorders (CSD) classes. This information was used to create a student survey that consisted of 55 multiple choice questions chosen to assess knowledge from eight typically required prerequisite courses. Students preparing to enter their first year of their master’s program were asked to take the survey. Instructors that reported teaching a course in ...


Direct And Indirect Treatment Effects In Multilingual People With Aphasia, Aviva Lerman 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Direct And Indirect Treatment Effects In Multilingual People With Aphasia, Aviva Lerman

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Background: Successfully assessing and treating aphasia in multilingual people requires a detailed understanding of the mechanisms underlying language processing in the multilingual population, and the potential impairments to those mechanisms. The balance between spreading activation of language processes via treatment and controlling interference of competing items within the lexico-semantic networks appears to be a key factor in determining whether treatment effects generalise within and across languages in multilingual people with aphasia (Kiran, Sandberg, Gray, Ascenso, & Kester, 2013).

This balance can be exploited through treatment, which, if carefully chosen, should maximise potential within- and cross-language generalisation. One treatment that has been ...


An Experimental Analysis Of Voice Volume For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Arturo Garcia 2020 Rollins College

An Experimental Analysis Of Voice Volume For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Arturo Garcia

Thesis Projects

Inappropriate prosodic production is an often observed, but rarely treated, communication skill deficit for individuals with autism. Expanding on previous literature, we conducted a functional analysis on the voice volume responses (VVR) of two children with ASD utilizing similar procedures to those from Edgerton and Wine (2017). Further, we evaluated the efficacy of using visual feedback from an app and a function-based treatment to decrease inappropriate VVR and increase appropriate VVR. Results of the functional analysis indicated loud VVR was maintained by social negative reinforcement (escape from demands) for one participant and by both social negative and automatic reinforcement for ...


Access To Pediatric Audiological Evaluation Facilities For Infants And Young Children In The United States: Results From The Ehdi-Pals System, Naveen K. Nagaraj, Emilee Mertens, Beula Magimairaj, Randi Winston Gerson, John Whicker, Karl R. White 2019 Utah State University

Access To Pediatric Audiological Evaluation Facilities For Infants And Young Children In The United States: Results From The Ehdi-Pals System, Naveen K. Nagaraj, Emilee Mertens, Beula Magimairaj, Randi Winston Gerson, John Whicker, Karl R. White

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

Early Hearing Detection and Intervention - Pediatric Audiology Links to Services (EHDI-PALS) is a web-based national directory of pediatric audiology facilities in the United States, created by an expert committee and launched in October 2012. In this study, data from 1,232 audiology facilities were analyzed to identify the number of registered facilities, types of diagnostic hearing tests offered, and the number of children under 5 years of age who were diagnosed with hearing loss. Some states had almost 15 times as many registered facilities as other states, suggesting that access to quality diagnostic hearing testing for infants and young children ...


Engaging Parents Of Children With Mild Bilateral Or Unilateral Hearing Loss: Counseling Considerations, Karen F. Munoz, Clarissa W. Ong, Michael P. Twohig 2019 Utah State University

Engaging Parents Of Children With Mild Bilateral Or Unilateral Hearing Loss: Counseling Considerations, Karen F. Munoz, Clarissa W. Ong, Michael P. Twohig

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

A notable percentage of children identified with hearing loss through newborn hearing screening have mild bilateral or unilateral hearing loss (MB/UHL). Caregivers’ appropriately strong emotions, fears, and personal struggles may inadvertently interfere with their engagement with audiologists and other professionals, as well as adherence to jointly determined intervention protocols. Researchers have shown variable outcomes for children with MB/UHL, counseling that includes addressing emotional and cognitive factors is essential for effectively engaging parents. The aim of this article is to describe counseling attributes and strategies that providers can incorporate when working with parents of children with MB/UHL to ...


Differentiated Social Skills Curriculum For Aac Users, Braden McCarty, Ann Beck, Tricia Larkin 2019 Illinois State University

Differentiated Social Skills Curriculum For Aac Users, Braden Mccarty, Ann Beck, Tricia Larkin

Graduate Independent Studies - Communication Sciences and Disorders

Communication is a basic human right. Every day, people express their ideas, emotions, wants, and needs with various conversational partners. Once young children learn to talk, social communication instruction usually does not take place in a formal setting. Children often learn appropriate means of conducting themselves in a social situation through daily interactions, a skill that continues to develop as a person ages. For individuals that require an augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) device to express themselves, social communication can become a difficult task. AAC users are often individuals that have difficulty with expressive language, but there are some circumstances ...


Vocal Health Preservation For Teachers Of Music: A Literature Review, Lyndsay Byers, Lisa Vinney PhD CCC-SLP, Kimberly Adelman MS CCC-SLP 2019 Illinois State University

Vocal Health Preservation For Teachers Of Music: A Literature Review, Lyndsay Byers, Lisa Vinney Phd Ccc-Slp, Kimberly Adelman Ms Ccc-Slp

Graduate Independent Studies - Communication Sciences and Disorders

This literature review explores research findings regarding risk factors of voice disorders for teachers of music. It summarizes current research regarding personal, environmental, and occupational practices teachers of music can implement to help preserve their voices. This document also reviews literature findings regarding when, where, and how music teachers can seek assistance for voice symptoms.


Long-Term Effects Of A Short-Term Study Abroad On Mindset, Madasyn Hofstedt, Heidi Harbers, Amy Yacucci 2019 Illinois State University

Long-Term Effects Of A Short-Term Study Abroad On Mindset, Madasyn Hofstedt, Heidi Harbers, Amy Yacucci

Graduate Independent Studies - Communication Sciences and Disorders

This literature review will examine 10 studies. The first section will discuss one study regarding common personality traits that practicing SLPs and SLP graduate students possess. The next section will review four studies about studying abroad. The final section will summarize four studies about the impact of mindset on life experiences and one study on how a growth mindset may potentially affect a study abroad experience.


Assessing Bilingual Children With A Language Disorder, Ana Franco, Tricia Larkin, Ann Beck 2019 Illinois State University

Assessing Bilingual Children With A Language Disorder, Ana Franco, Tricia Larkin, Ann Beck

Graduate Independent Studies - Communication Sciences and Disorders

The population in the United States is rapidly diversifying, and it is estimated that 4.9 million English-Language Learning (ELL) students are currently in the United States (National Center for Education Statistics, 2019). ELL students come from diverse linguistic backgrounds and have varying proficiencies in English and their native language. The linguistic and cultural differences bilingual ELL students present when they attend public schools have created challenges for the current assessment and treatment services available for those bilingual children with communication disorders. Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) are required to assess bilingual children suspected of having a language disorder, one of the ...


Distractions In Hearing: Measuring Impulsivity In Service Members With Mtbi, Kathleen Burns 2019 James Madison University

Distractions In Hearing: Measuring Impulsivity In Service Members With Mtbi, Kathleen Burns

Showcase of Graduate Research and Creative Activities

Service Members who have experienced mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) tend to experience a degradation of focus and attention capabilities. The purpose of this initial pilot study is to measure the false alarm rates and thresholds of Service Members with mTBI during contralateral and informational masking tests and compare their outcomes to adults without mTBI. Contralateral and informational masking tasks both involve different levels of uncertainty and different forms of central masking. These two tasks will be used to quantify the participants’ accuracy in identifying the target stimulus and their associated levels of distractibility and impulsivity. Preliminary data obtained from ...


Development Of A Questionnaire To Assess Attitudes Toward Hearing Aids, Corinne O'Shaughnessy, Ayasakanta Rout, Joseph Smaldino 2019 James Madison University

Development Of A Questionnaire To Assess Attitudes Toward Hearing Aids, Corinne O'Shaughnessy, Ayasakanta Rout, Joseph Smaldino

Showcase of Graduate Research and Creative Activities

Many reasons have been postulated as to why persons with hearing loss are reluctant to engage in the hearing rehabilitation process. While not the only determinant, an individual’s attitudes toward hearing loss and hearing aids have been shown to affect adoption of amplification adversely and eventual outcomes of hearing aid use. Several attempts have been made to develop test instruments for attitudes toward hearing loss, but nothing specific to attitudes toward hearing aids or hearing aid technology. The primary objective of this study was to develop a questionnaire to assess attitudes toward hearing aids using the ABC model of ...


An Exploration Of Automated Narrative Analysis Via Machine Learning, Sharad Jones, Carly Fox, Sandra L. Gillam, Ronald B. Gillam 2019 Utah State University

An Exploration Of Automated Narrative Analysis Via Machine Learning, Sharad Jones, Carly Fox, Sandra L. Gillam, Ronald B. Gillam

Communicative Disorders and Deaf Education Faculty Publications

The accuracy of four machine learning methods in predicting narrative macrostructure scores was compared to scores obtained by human raters utilizing a criterion-referenced progress monitoring rubric. The machine learning methods that were explored covered methods that utilized hand-engineered features, as well as those that learn directly from the raw text. The predictive models were trained on a corpus of 414 narratives from a normative sample of school-aged children (5;0-9;11) who were given a standardized measure of narrative proficiency. Performance was measured using Quadratic Weighted Kappa, a metric of inter-rater reliability. The results indicated that one model, BERT, not ...


A Comparison Of The Storage-Only Deficit And Joint Mechanism Deficit Hypotheses Of The Verbal Working Memory Storage Capacity Limitation Of Children With Developmental Language Disorder, James W. Montgomery, Ronald B. Gillam, Julia L. Evans, Sarah Schwartz, Jamison D. Fargo 2019 Ohio University

A Comparison Of The Storage-Only Deficit And Joint Mechanism Deficit Hypotheses Of The Verbal Working Memory Storage Capacity Limitation Of Children With Developmental Language Disorder, James W. Montgomery, Ronald B. Gillam, Julia L. Evans, Sarah Schwartz, Jamison D. Fargo

Communicative Disorders and Deaf Education Faculty Publications

Purpose: The storage-only deficit and joint mechanism deficit hypotheses are two possible explanations of the verbal working memory (vWM) storage capacity limitation of school-age children with developmental language disorder (DLD). We assessed the merits of each hypothesis in a large group of children with DLD and a group of same-age typically developing (TD) children.

Method: Participants were 117 children with DLD and 117 propensity-matched TD children 7-11 years of age. Children completed tasks indexing vWM capacity, verbal short-term storage, sustained attention, attention switching, and lexical long-term memory (LTM).

Results: For the DLD group, all of the mechanisms jointly explained 26 ...


University Clinical Media Resource: Best Practices To Create, Maintain, And Maximize Visibility On A Social Media Platform, Megan Stone, Salwa Khan, Payton Chandler, Isabella Korsgard, Michelle Escue, Ann Beck PhD, CCC-SLP, Heidi Verticchio MS, CCC-SLP 2019 Illinois State University

University Clinical Media Resource: Best Practices To Create, Maintain, And Maximize Visibility On A Social Media Platform, Megan Stone, Salwa Khan, Payton Chandler, Isabella Korsgard, Michelle Escue, Ann Beck Phd, Ccc-Slp, Heidi Verticchio Ms, Ccc-Slp

Graduate Independent Studies - Communication Sciences and Disorders

This paper reviews the need for social media platforms as a tool for healthcare facilities to provide resources, market their business, and interact directly with clients. Steps to creating a social media platform will be discussed, in addition to how healthcare facilities should frequently review competing healthcare providers’ social media pages to stay competitive with the target population. Special considerations for the audiology and speech-language pathology programs at Illinois State University will be explored, and ethical considerations for engaging in healthcare on a social media platform will also be analyzed in this paper. The Eckelmann-Taylor Speech and Hearing Clinic at ...


Outcomes In Children With Additional Disabilities Following Cochlear Implantation: A Systematic Review, Rebecca M. Tuchman 2019 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Outcomes In Children With Additional Disabilities Following Cochlear Implantation: A Systematic Review, Rebecca M. Tuchman

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Background: Thirty percent of children with hearing loss have an additional disability. These children may be difficult to test according to standard audiologic behavioral test protocols. Additionally, progress within this population may present differently than in children with no additional disability. Currently, no evidence-based protocol exists for assessing cochlear implant benefit and outcomes in this population.

Objective: The purpose of this investigation is to perform a systematic review on the outcomes of cochlear implantation in children with additional disabilities. Specifically, this study focused on areas of function assessed, outcome measures used, and evidence of benefit observed.

Methods: A comprehensive search ...


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