Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Communication Sciences and Disorders Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

3,029 Full-Text Articles 3,984 Authors 817,761 Downloads 144 Institutions

All Articles in Communication Sciences and Disorders

Faceted Search

3,029 full-text articles. Page 1 of 104.

Bilingual Practices In Speech-Language Pathology In Nebraska Schools, Kylee Beyea 2020 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Bilingual Practices In Speech-Language Pathology In Nebraska Schools, Kylee Beyea

Theses/Capstones/Creative Projects

The United States is home to a population that is nearly 20% bilingual. A statistic such as this almost guarantees that speech-language pathologists (SLPs) will work with someone from this bilingual population at some point during their career. Many factors contribute to how children learn language, and there are added complexities in the acquisition of multiple languages which can complicate the job of a clinician. Silent periods, codeswitching, transfer, and other bilingual language phenomena make diagnosing speech and language disorders difficult. The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) provides guidelines and a code of ethics to be followed to ensure best practice ...


Comparison Of Eye Gaze Behaviors Across Samples Of 8- And 9-Month-Old Infants At-Risk For Autism, Aaron Borcyk, Sarah Schmidt, Hannah Lopez, Shari DeVeney, Anastasia Kyvelidou 2020 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Comparison Of Eye Gaze Behaviors Across Samples Of 8- And 9-Month-Old Infants At-Risk For Autism, Aaron Borcyk, Sarah Schmidt, Hannah Lopez, Shari Deveney, Anastasia Kyvelidou

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

Though a precise etiology for autism remains unknown, two infant populations present with particularly high risk: younger siblings of children diagnosed with autism and infants born prematurely with low birth weight. The aim of the present exploratory study was to determine differences in social and nonsocial eye gaze behaviors between two samples of 8­ and 9­-month infants from high ­risk groups.


From Their Perspective: A Qualitative Analysis Of Stroke Survivor’S Motivation To Participate In Rehabilitation, Katie Tinsley, Rachel Johnson 2020 Old Dominion University

From Their Perspective: A Qualitative Analysis Of Stroke Survivor’S Motivation To Participate In Rehabilitation, Katie Tinsley, Rachel Johnson

Undergraduate Research Symposium

Introduction: It is common practice for healthcare professionals to make judgments about a patient's motivation based on their demeanor and compliance with therapy. Motivation is one of the predictors used to determine a stroke survivor's rehabilitation potential. There are several theories and constructs for motivation; however, there is limited research applying these concepts in stroke rehabilitation. Rehabilitation clinicians primarily rely on their clinical judgment and consult the evidence from related fields to identify the motivational needs of a stroke survivor. The objective of this study was to understand specific barriers to participation and identify motivational needs to sustain ...


A Comparison Of Face-To-Face Versus Online Instruction In The Correct Pronunciation Of Anatomical Terms In Communication Sciences And Disorders. An Initial Investigation, Ann L. Cralidis, Shannon W. Salley 2020 Longwood University

A Comparison Of Face-To-Face Versus Online Instruction In The Correct Pronunciation Of Anatomical Terms In Communication Sciences And Disorders. An Initial Investigation, Ann L. Cralidis, Shannon W. Salley

Teaching and Learning in Communication Sciences & Disorders

Accurate pronunciation of anatomical terms in the clinical practice of speech-language pathology (SLP) and audiology (AUD) enables a clinician to express and comprehend a conversation with peers and other professionals. It is also an important component of ensuring patient safety and in providing quality, patient-centered care. To date, no studies have explored whether differences may exist between the pronunciation skills of students who elect to complete a human anatomy and physiology course online versus in a face-to-face (FTF) format. This pilot study explored the ability of 98 undergraduate student participants to correctly pronounce 20 identical key terms that were a ...


Levels Of Stress And Characteristics Of Perfectionism In Csd Students, Ann R. Beck, Heidi R. Verticchio, Ali Miller 2020 Illinois State University

Levels Of Stress And Characteristics Of Perfectionism In Csd Students, Ann R. Beck, Heidi R. Verticchio, Ali Miller

Teaching and Learning in Communication Sciences & Disorders

An electronic survey was sent to the Midwest Clinic Directors’ Listserv requesting they distribute it to students in their CSD programs. The survey collected information about demographics, and students’ top three stressors and stress management practices. Students were also asked to complete the 10-item Perceived Stress Scale (PSS; Cohen, 1994) and the Almost Perfect Scale-Revised (APS-R; Slaney, Rice, Mobley, Trippi, & Ashby, 2001). A total of 278 CSD undergraduate and graduate students from 15 Midwest institutions responded to the survey. No differences were found between undergraduate and graduate responses to the PSS and the APS-R. Twenty-six percent of the respondents were classified as nonperfectionists, 33% as adaptive perfectionists, and 41% as maladaptive perfectionists. A relationship was found between perceived stress and perfectionism such that respondents with higher levels of perceived stress tended to be classified as maladaptive perfectionists and those with lower levels of perceived stress tended to be classified as adaptive perfectionists. Similarities and differences were found between undergraduates and graduate students in terms of stressors; close to 45% engaged in a stress management practice. Importance of such practices is discussed.


Student Learning Of Perceptual Skills Related To Differentiating Motor Speech Disorders, Johanna Boult, Jessica Brownell 2020 Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, Shreveport

Student Learning Of Perceptual Skills Related To Differentiating Motor Speech Disorders, Johanna Boult, Jessica Brownell

Teaching and Learning in Communication Sciences & Disorders

Purpose: This study aimed to determine if Speech-Language Pathology (SLP) graduate students’ perceptual skills improved after taking an MSD course by comparing pre- and posttest performance. The potential relationship between posttest perceptual-skills performance and academic performance was also investigated.Method: Before beginning instruction in MSD course content, students in a Master’s program in SLP were given a pretest (The Baseline & Post Learning Assessment of Listening & Diagnostics Skills (BPLALDS; Duffy, n.d.a)). Throughout the semester, students were exposed to didactic learning in the classroom supplemented by audio and video modules. At the end of the course, the BPLALDS was used as a posttest. Variation in perceptual skills ...


Graduate Student Retention Of Prerequisite Course Content, Carol A. Tessel, Vikas Grover 2020 Florida Atlantic University

Graduate Student Retention Of Prerequisite Course Content, Carol A. Tessel, Vikas Grover

Teaching and Learning in Communication Sciences & Disorders

Although most graduate schools for Speech-Language Pathology require the same core prerequisite classes, there is still variation in class requirements as well as variation in course content. Sixty-one instructors completed a survey regarding what they felt was essential course content from their prerequisite communication sciences and disorders (CSD) classes. This information was used to create a student survey that consisted of 55 multiple choice questions chosen to assess knowledge from eight typically required prerequisite courses. Students preparing to enter their first year of their master’s program were asked to take the survey. Instructors that reported teaching a course in ...


Direct And Indirect Treatment Effects In Multilingual People With Aphasia, Aviva Lerman 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Direct And Indirect Treatment Effects In Multilingual People With Aphasia, Aviva Lerman

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Background: Successfully assessing and treating aphasia in multilingual people requires a detailed understanding of the mechanisms underlying language processing in the multilingual population, and the potential impairments to those mechanisms. The balance between spreading activation of language processes via treatment and controlling interference of competing items within the lexico-semantic networks appears to be a key factor in determining whether treatment effects generalise within and across languages in multilingual people with aphasia (Kiran, Sandberg, Gray, Ascenso, & Kester, 2013).

This balance can be exploited through treatment, which, if carefully chosen, should maximise potential within- and cross-language generalisation. One treatment that has been ...


Speech Motor Control In Younger And Older Adults: The Effect Of Age And Individual Differences On Speech Error Production, Katherine M. Dawson 2020 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Speech Motor Control In Younger And Older Adults: The Effect Of Age And Individual Differences On Speech Error Production, Katherine M. Dawson

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation investigates three main issues in speech motor control, all of which are explored through the lens of speech error production. The speech error elicitation task used is the alternating onset, identical coda (e.g. ‘top cop’) paradigm, which in this incarnation is executed in time to a rate-increasing metronome. The first experimental chapter asks why some speakers may be more prone to the production of speech errors than others, from an individual differences perspective. A number of speaker attributes are taken into account, including age (older and younger adults), performance on a subset of cognitive tasks, as well ...


An Experimental Analysis Of Voice Volume For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Arturo Garcia 2020 Rollins College

An Experimental Analysis Of Voice Volume For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Arturo Garcia

Thesis Projects

Inappropriate prosodic production is an often observed, but rarely treated, communication skill deficit for individuals with autism. Expanding on previous literature, we conducted a functional analysis on the voice volume responses (VVR) of two children with ASD utilizing similar procedures to those from Edgerton and Wine (2017). Further, we evaluated the efficacy of using visual feedback from an app and a function-based treatment to decrease inappropriate VVR and increase appropriate VVR. Results of the functional analysis indicated loud VVR was maintained by social negative reinforcement (escape from demands) for one participant and by both social negative and automatic reinforcement for ...


Access To Pediatric Audiological Evaluation Facilities For Infants And Young Children In The United States: Results From The Ehdi-Pals System, Naveen K. Nagaraj, Emilee Mertens, Beula Magimairaj, Randi Winston Gerson, John Whicker, Karl R. White 2019 Utah State University

Access To Pediatric Audiological Evaluation Facilities For Infants And Young Children In The United States: Results From The Ehdi-Pals System, Naveen K. Nagaraj, Emilee Mertens, Beula Magimairaj, Randi Winston Gerson, John Whicker, Karl R. White

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

Early Hearing Detection and Intervention - Pediatric Audiology Links to Services (EHDI-PALS) is a web-based national directory of pediatric audiology facilities in the United States, created by an expert committee and launched in October 2012. In this study, data from 1,232 audiology facilities were analyzed to identify the number of registered facilities, types of diagnostic hearing tests offered, and the number of children under 5 years of age who were diagnosed with hearing loss. Some states had almost 15 times as many registered facilities as other states, suggesting that access to quality diagnostic hearing testing for infants and young children ...


Engaging Parents Of Children With Mild Bilateral Or Unilateral Hearing Loss: Counseling Considerations, Karen F. Munoz, Clarissa W. Ong, Michael P. Twohig 2019 Utah State University

Engaging Parents Of Children With Mild Bilateral Or Unilateral Hearing Loss: Counseling Considerations, Karen F. Munoz, Clarissa W. Ong, Michael P. Twohig

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

A notable percentage of children identified with hearing loss through newborn hearing screening have mild bilateral or unilateral hearing loss (MB/UHL). Caregivers’ appropriately strong emotions, fears, and personal struggles may inadvertently interfere with their engagement with audiologists and other professionals, as well as adherence to jointly determined intervention protocols. Researchers have shown variable outcomes for children with MB/UHL, counseling that includes addressing emotional and cognitive factors is essential for effectively engaging parents. The aim of this article is to describe counseling attributes and strategies that providers can incorporate when working with parents of children with MB/UHL to ...


Social Validity Of Technology Assisted Spoken Language Intervention For Deaf And Hard-Of-Hearing Children, Sandra Grether PhD, Lisa L. Hunter PhD, Robert C. Gibler M.A., Susan Wiley, Bethany Wysocki Au.D., Rajvi Desai MSW, Jareen Meinzen-Derr 2019 Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

Social Validity Of Technology Assisted Spoken Language Intervention For Deaf And Hard-Of-Hearing Children, Sandra Grether Phd, Lisa L. Hunter Phd, Robert C. Gibler M.A., Susan Wiley, Bethany Wysocki Au.D., Rajvi Desai Msw, Jareen Meinzen-Derr

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

Children who are Deaf or Hard-of-Hearing (DHH) are at-risk for language delays and associated developmental challenges that impact academic, social, and communication skills. Technology Assisted Language Intervention (TALI) is a novel approach that focuses on using augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) as an intervention for children who are DHH. Results from a recent pilot study suggested that TALI may be a viable approach for enhancing spoken language and communication. In this study, we examined the social validity of TALI using interviews and focus groups. We collected qualitative data from parents, caregivers, and professionals working with children who are DHH to ...


Assessment Of Factors Involved In Non-Adherence To Infant Hearing Diagnostic Testing, Anita Shanker, Marcia Vanessa Rojas-Ramirez, Julie A. Jacobs, Jennifer B. Shinn, Cathy Lester, Philip M. Westgate, Matthew L. Bush 2019 University of Kentucky

Assessment Of Factors Involved In Non-Adherence To Infant Hearing Diagnostic Testing, Anita Shanker, Marcia Vanessa Rojas-Ramirez, Julie A. Jacobs, Jennifer B. Shinn, Cathy Lester, Philip M. Westgate, Matthew L. Bush

Journal of Early Hearing Detection and Intervention

Abstract

Introduction: Delayed diagnosis of pediatric hearing loss can cause delays in cognitive and social development. This study described the sociodemographic factors associated with delayed timing of a final hearing diagnosis after an abnormal newborn hearing screening (NBHS). Methods: Parent-infant dyads were recruited after being referred for further audiologic testing on an abnormal result from the NBHS. Results: Of the 53 participants, 55% (n=29) did not receive a final diagnosis by the recommended 3 months of age. Of those with a delayed diagnosis, 45% (n=13) had their first appointment within 3 months, but a delay was caused by ...


Differentiated Social Skills Curriculum For Aac Users, Braden McCarty, Ann Beck, Tricia Larkin 2019 Illinois State University

Differentiated Social Skills Curriculum For Aac Users, Braden Mccarty, Ann Beck, Tricia Larkin

Graduate Independent Studies - Communication Sciences and Disorders

Communication is a basic human right. Every day, people express their ideas, emotions, wants, and needs with various conversational partners. Once young children learn to talk, social communication instruction usually does not take place in a formal setting. Children often learn appropriate means of conducting themselves in a social situation through daily interactions, a skill that continues to develop as a person ages. For individuals that require an augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) device to express themselves, social communication can become a difficult task. AAC users are often individuals that have difficulty with expressive language, but there are some circumstances ...


Vocal Health Preservation For Teachers Of Music: A Literature Review, Lyndsay Byers, Lisa Vinney PhD CCC-SLP, Kimberly Adelman MS CCC-SLP 2019 Illinois State University

Vocal Health Preservation For Teachers Of Music: A Literature Review, Lyndsay Byers, Lisa Vinney Phd Ccc-Slp, Kimberly Adelman Ms Ccc-Slp

Graduate Independent Studies - Communication Sciences and Disorders

This literature review explores research findings regarding risk factors of voice disorders for teachers of music. It summarizes current research regarding personal, environmental, and occupational practices teachers of music can implement to help preserve their voices. This document also reviews literature findings regarding when, where, and how music teachers can seek assistance for voice symptoms.


Long-Term Effects Of A Short-Term Study Abroad On Mindset, Madasyn Hofstedt, Heidi Harbers, Amy Yacucci 2019 Illinois State University

Long-Term Effects Of A Short-Term Study Abroad On Mindset, Madasyn Hofstedt, Heidi Harbers, Amy Yacucci

Graduate Independent Studies - Communication Sciences and Disorders

This literature review will examine 10 studies. The first section will discuss one study regarding common personality traits that practicing SLPs and SLP graduate students possess. The next section will review four studies about studying abroad. The final section will summarize four studies about the impact of mindset on life experiences and one study on how a growth mindset may potentially affect a study abroad experience.


Effects Of Short-Term Study Abroad On Mindset, Anya Rowe, Heidi M. Harbers, Amy L. Yacucci 2019 Illinois State University

Effects Of Short-Term Study Abroad On Mindset, Anya Rowe, Heidi M. Harbers, Amy L. Yacucci

Graduate Independent Studies - Communication Sciences and Disorders

This review of the literature will address the effects of mindset, the effects of studying abroad, and the relationship between the two. Three research studies will be reviewed that explore outside factors and their effect on mindset, as well as how mindset impacts academic achievement. Seven additional research studies will examine the different types of study abroad experiences and their impact on student learning. A comparison between the effects of short-term and long-term study abroad will also be explored.


Caregiver Strategies For Communication In Children With Autism In Spanish-Speaking, Developing Countries, Melissa K. Jenkins B.S., Emily K. Smith B.S., Jennifer Friberg, Tricia Larkin 2019 Illinois State University

Caregiver Strategies For Communication In Children With Autism In Spanish-Speaking, Developing Countries, Melissa K. Jenkins B.S., Emily K. Smith B.S., Jennifer Friberg, Tricia Larkin

Graduate Independent Studies - Communication Sciences and Disorders

The literature review provides current and relevant information for speech-language pathologists (SLPs) who service families with a child with autism (CWA) in Spanish-speaking, developing (SSD) countries. This review gives an overview of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) as it relates to language and language development and SLP scope of practice in the U.S. as it relates to ASD. Applicable evidenced-based strategies will be given to help SLPs provide family education to increase functional communication with their CWA. To be sensitive to cultural differences in SSD countries, interaction styles and customs will be defined and interviews from families and SLPs in ...


A Resource Manual For Kindergarten Teachers Of Phonetic Components Of Sounds, Katrisha Thomas, Heidi Harbers, Tricia Larkin 2019 Illinois State University

A Resource Manual For Kindergarten Teachers Of Phonetic Components Of Sounds, Katrisha Thomas, Heidi Harbers, Tricia Larkin

Graduate Independent Studies - Communication Sciences and Disorders

This literature review will present studies concerning the roles of the teacher and SLP within the school system, effective collaboration between general education teachers and SLPs, and evidence-based intervention models. An exploration of CCSS will outline what teachers are expected to teach at the kindergarten level. Next, the roles and responsibilities of the SLP from the American Speech-Language and Hearing Association (ASHA) will be reviewed to define what SLPs are expected to do within schools. Then, four articles will be reviewed to explain how teachers are missing an understanding of basic elements of the English Language necessary for effective instruction ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress