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A Global Analysis Of The Adaptations Required For Sterol Catabolism In Mycobacterium Tuberculosis: A Dissertation, Jennifer E. Griffin 2011 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Global Analysis Of The Adaptations Required For Sterol Catabolism In Mycobacterium Tuberculosis: A Dissertation, Jennifer E. Griffin

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Systems biology approaches have allowed for comprehensive understanding of complicated biological processes. Here, we’ve developed a global phenotypic profiling method by improving upon transposon mutagenesis methods for identifying genes required for bacterial growth in various conditions. By using the massively parallel power of Illumina sequencing, we precisely redefined the genes required for the growth of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis (Mtb) in vitro. This adapted technique provided more informative data with both increased dynamic range and resolution. As a result, we quantitatively assessed the fitness of individual mutants, as well as identified sub-genic essentiality. Mtb is well adapted to its nutrient-limiting intracellular ...


Hsp90-Mediated Maturation Of Kinases And Nuclear Steroid Hormone Receptors: A Dissertation, Natalie W. Pursell 2011 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Hsp90-Mediated Maturation Of Kinases And Nuclear Steroid Hormone Receptors: A Dissertation, Natalie W. Pursell

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Among heat shock proteins, Hsp90 is unusual because it is not required for the proper folding of most cellular proteins but rather is disproportionally linked to the activation of signal transduction proteins including over forty kinases and many steroid hormone receptors. Mutated forms of many Hsp90 clients are causative agents in cancer, making Hsp90 a promising pharmacological target. Many small molecular inhibitors have been identified that competitively bind to the ATP binding site of Hsp90, some of which are in clinical trials as anticancer agents. Although the activation of kinase and hormone receptor clients by Hsp90 and its co-chaperones has ...


Improved Methods Of Sepsis Case Identification And The Effects Of Treatment With Low Dose Steroids: A Dissertation, Huifang Zhao 2011 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Improved Methods Of Sepsis Case Identification And The Effects Of Treatment With Low Dose Steroids: A Dissertation, Huifang Zhao

GSBS Dissertations and Theses


Sepsis is the leading cause of death among critically ill patients and the 10th most common cause of death overall in the United States. The mortality rates increase with severity of the disease, ranging from 15% for sepsis to 60% for septic shock. Patient with sepsis can present varied clinical symptoms depending on the personal predisposition, causal microorganism, organ system involved, and disease severity. To facilitate sepsis diagnosis, the first sepsis consensus definitions was published in 1991 and then updated in 2001. Early recognition of a sepsis patient followed with timely and appropriate treatment and management strategies have been ...


Synthesis Of Nucleoside 5′-O-Α,Β-Methylene-Β-Triphosphates And Evaluation Of Their Potency Towards Inhibition Of Hiv-1 Reverse Transcriptase, Yousef Ahmadibeni, Chandravanu Dash, M. J. Hanley, S. F. J. Le Grice, Hitesh K. Agarwal, Keykavous Parang 2010 University of Rhode Island

Synthesis Of Nucleoside 5′-O-Α,Β-Methylene-Β-Triphosphates And Evaluation Of Their Potency Towards Inhibition Of Hiv-1 Reverse Transcriptase, Yousef Ahmadibeni, Chandravanu Dash, M. J. Hanley, S. F. J. Le Grice, Hitesh K. Agarwal, Keykavous Parang

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

A polymer-bound α,β-methylene-β-triphosphitylating reagent was synthesized and subjected to reactions with unprotected nucleosides, followed by oxidation, deprotection of cyanoethoxy groups, and acidic cleavage to afford nucleoside 5′-O-α,β-methylene-β-triphosphates. Among all the compounds, cytidine 5′-O-α,β-methylene-β-triphosphate inhibited RNase H activity of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase with a Ki value of 225 μM.


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