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Dynamic Cycling Of T-Snare Acylation Regulates Platelet Exocytosis, Jinchao Zhang, Yunjie Huang, Jing Chen, Haining Zhu, Sidney W. Whiteheart 2018 University of Kentucky

Dynamic Cycling Of T-Snare Acylation Regulates Platelet Exocytosis, Jinchao Zhang, Yunjie Huang, Jing Chen, Haining Zhu, Sidney W. Whiteheart

Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Platelets regulate vascular integrity by secreting a host of molecules that promote hemostasis and its sequelae. Given the importance of platelet exocytosis, it is critical to understand how it is controlled. The t-SNAREs, SNAP-23 and syntaxin-11, lack classical transmembrane domains (TMDs), yet both are associated with platelet membranes and redistributed into cholesterol-dependent lipid rafts when platelets are activated. Using metabolic labeling and hydroxylamine (HA)/HCl treatment, we showed that both contain thioester-linked acyl groups. Mass spectrometry mapping further showed that syntaxin-11 was modified on cysteine 275, 279, 280, 282, 283, and 285, and SNAP-23 was modified on cysteine 79, 80, 83, …


Atomistic Simulations And Network-Based Modeling Of The Hsp90-Cdc37 Chaperone Binding With Cdk4 Client Protein: A Mechanism Of Chaperoning Kinase Clients By Exploiting Weak Spots Of Intrinsically Dynamic Kinase Domains, John Czemeres, Kurt Buse, Gennady M. Verkhivker 2017 Chapman University

Atomistic Simulations And Network-Based Modeling Of The Hsp90-Cdc37 Chaperone Binding With Cdk4 Client Protein: A Mechanism Of Chaperoning Kinase Clients By Exploiting Weak Spots Of Intrinsically Dynamic Kinase Domains, John Czemeres, Kurt Buse, Gennady M. Verkhivker

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

A fundamental role of the Hsp90 and Cdc37 chaperones in mediating conformational development and activation of diverse protein kinase clients is essential in signal transduction. There has been increasing evidence that the Hsp90-Cdc37 system executes its chaperoning duties by recognizing conformational instability of kinase clients and modulating their folding landscapes. The recent cryo-electron microscopy structure of the Hsp90-Cdc37- Cdk4 kinase complex has provided a framework for dissecting regulatory principles underlying differentiation and recruitment of protein kinase clients to the chaperone machinery. In this work, we have combined atomistic simulations with protein stability and network-based rigidity decomposition analyses to characterize dynamic …


Pde8 Is Expressed In Human Airway Smooth Muscle And Selectively Regulates Camp Signaling By Β 2 Ar-Ac6, Timothy B. Johnstone, Kaitlyn H. Smith, Cynthia J. Koziol-White, Fengying Li, Austin G. Kazarian, Maia L. Corpuz, Maya Shumyachter, Frederick J. Ehlert, Bianca E. Himes, Reynold A. Pannettieri Jr., Rennolds S. Ostrom 2017 Chapman University

Pde8 Is Expressed In Human Airway Smooth Muscle And Selectively Regulates Camp Signaling By Β 2 Ar-Ac6, Timothy B. Johnstone, Kaitlyn H. Smith, Cynthia J. Koziol-White, Fengying Li, Austin G. Kazarian, Maia L. Corpuz, Maya Shumyachter, Frederick J. Ehlert, Bianca E. Himes, Reynold A. Pannettieri Jr., Rennolds S. Ostrom

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Two cAMP signaling compartments centering around adenylyl cyclase (AC) exist in human airway smooth muscle (HASM) cells, one containing ß2AR-AC6 and another containing E prostanoid receptors (EPR)-AC2. We hypothesized that different phosphodiesterase (PDE) isozymes selectively regulate cAMP signaling in each compartment. According to RNA-seq data, 18 of 24 PDE genes were expressed in primary HASM cells derived from age- and gender-matched donors with and without asthma. PDE8A was the third most abundant of the cAMP-degrading PDE genes, after PDE4A and PDE1A. Knockdown of PDE8A using shRNA evoked 2-fold greater cAMP responses to 1 DM forskolin in the presence of IBMX. …


The Role Of Catalytic Residue PKA On The Hydrolysis/Transglycosylation Partition In Family 3 Β-Glucosidases, Inacrist Geronimo, Christina M. Payne, Mats Sandgren 2017 Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Sweden

The Role Of Catalytic Residue PKA On The Hydrolysis/Transglycosylation Partition In Family 3 Β-Glucosidases, Inacrist Geronimo, Christina M. Payne, Mats Sandgren

Chemical and Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

β-Glucosidases (βgls) primarily catalyze the hydrolysis of the terminal glycosidic bond at the non-reducing end of β-glucosides, although glycosidic bond synthesis (called transglycosylation) can also occur in the presence of another acceptor. In the final reaction step, the glucose product or another substrate competes with water for transfer to the glycosyl-enzyme intermediate. The factors governing the balance between the two pathways are not fully known; however, the involvement of ionizable residues in binding and catalysis suggests that their pKa may play a role. Through constant pH molecular dynamics simulations of a glycoside hydrolase Family 3 (GH3) βgl, we …


Problems In Embalming: Cyanide Poisoning, Rebecca Majus 2017 Southern Illinois University Carbondale

Problems In Embalming: Cyanide Poisoning, Rebecca Majus

ASA Multidisciplinary Research Symposium

To inform funeral professionals, or anyone interested, what cyanide poisoning is, how death from it occurs, how to detect it in postmortem remains, how it poses a problem for embalmers, and what embalming techniques can be used to treat it.


Defining Electron Bifurcation In The Electron-Transferring Flavoprotein Family, Amaya M. Garcia Costas, Saroj Poudel, Anne-Frances Miller, Gerrit J. Schut, Rhesa N. Ledbetter, Kathryn R. Fixen, Lance C. Seefeldt, Michael W. W. Adams, Caroline S. Harwood, Eric S. Boyd, John W. Peters 2017 Montana State University

Defining Electron Bifurcation In The Electron-Transferring Flavoprotein Family, Amaya M. Garcia Costas, Saroj Poudel, Anne-Frances Miller, Gerrit J. Schut, Rhesa N. Ledbetter, Kathryn R. Fixen, Lance C. Seefeldt, Michael W. W. Adams, Caroline S. Harwood, Eric S. Boyd, John W. Peters

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Electron bifurcation is the coupling of exergonic and endergonic redox reactions to simultaneously generate (or utilize) low- and high-potential electrons. It is the third recognized form of energy conservation in biology and was recently described for select electron-transferring flavoproteins (Etfs). Etfs are flavin-containing heterodimers best known for donating electrons derived from fatty acid and amino acid oxidation to an electron transfer respiratory chain via Etf-quinone oxidoreductase. Canonical examples contain a flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) that is involved in electron transfer, as well as a non-redox-active AMP. However, Etfs demonstrated to bifurcate electrons contain a second FAD in place of the …


Peptidyl-Prolyl Isomerase 1 Regulates Ca(2+) Handling By Modulating Sarco(Endo)Plasmic Reticulum Calcium Atpase And Na(2+)/Ca(2+) Exchanger 1 Protein Levels And Function, V Sacchi, B Wang, D Kubli, A Martinez, J Jin, R Alvarez, N Hariharan, C Glembotski, T Uchida, J Malter, Y Yang, P Gross, C Zhang, S Houser, Marcello Rota, M Sussman 2017 New York Medical College

Peptidyl-Prolyl Isomerase 1 Regulates Ca(2+) Handling By Modulating Sarco(Endo)Plasmic Reticulum Calcium Atpase And Na(2+)/Ca(2+) Exchanger 1 Protein Levels And Function, V Sacchi, B Wang, D Kubli, A Martinez, J Jin, R Alvarez, N Hariharan, C Glembotski, T Uchida, J Malter, Y Yang, P Gross, C Zhang, S Houser, Marcello Rota, M Sussman

NYMC Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Aberrant Ca(2+) handling is a prominent feature of heart failure. Elucidation of the molecular mechanisms responsible for aberrant Ca(2+) handling is essential for the development of strategies to blunt pathological changes in calcium dynamics. The peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerase peptidyl-prolyl isomerase 1 (Pin1) is a critical mediator of myocardial hypertrophy development and cardiac progenitor cell cycle. However, the influence of Pin1 on calcium cycling regulation has not been explored. On the basis of these findings, the aim of this study is to define Pin1 as a novel modulator of Ca(2+) handling, with implications for improving myocardial contractility and potential for …


Cardiac-Specific Inactivation Of Lpp3 In Mice Leads To Myocardial Dysfunction And Heart Failure, Mini Chandra, Diana Escalante-Alcalde, Shenuarin Bhuiyan, Anthony Wayne Orr, Christopher Kevil, Andrew J. Morris, Hyung Nam, Paari Dominic, Kevin J. McCarthy, Sumitra Miriyala, Manikandan Panchatcharam 2017 Louisiana State University - Shreveport

Cardiac-Specific Inactivation Of Lpp3 In Mice Leads To Myocardial Dysfunction And Heart Failure, Mini Chandra, Diana Escalante-Alcalde, Shenuarin Bhuiyan, Anthony Wayne Orr, Christopher Kevil, Andrew J. Morris, Hyung Nam, Paari Dominic, Kevin J. Mccarthy, Sumitra Miriyala, Manikandan Panchatcharam

Internal Medicine Faculty Publications

Lipid Phosphate phosphatase 3 (LPP3), encoded by the Plpp3 gene, is an enzyme that dephosphorylates the bioactive lipid mediator lysophosphatidic acid (LPA). To study the role of LPP3 in the myocardium, we generated a cardiac specific Plpp3 deficient mouse strain. Although these mice were viable at birth in contrast to global Plpp3 knockout mice, they showed increased mortality ~ 8 months. LPP3 deficient mice had enlarged hearts with reduced left ventricular performance as seen by echocardiography. Cardiac specific Plpp3 deficient mice had longer ventricular effective refractory periods compared to their Plpp3 littermates. We observed that lack of Lpp3 enhanced cardiomyocyte …


Structural Basis For Earp-Mediated Arginine Glycosylation Of Translation Elongation Factor Ef-P, Ralph Krafczyk, Jakub Macošek, Pravin Kumar Ankush Jagtap, Daniel Gast, Swetlana Wunder, Prithiba Mitra, Amit Kumar Jha, Jürgen Rohr, Anja Hoffmann-Röder, Kirsten Jung, Janosch Hennig, Jürgen Lassak 2017 Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germany

Structural Basis For Earp-Mediated Arginine Glycosylation Of Translation Elongation Factor Ef-P, Ralph Krafczyk, Jakub Macošek, Pravin Kumar Ankush Jagtap, Daniel Gast, Swetlana Wunder, Prithiba Mitra, Amit Kumar Jha, Jürgen Rohr, Anja Hoffmann-Röder, Kirsten Jung, Janosch Hennig, Jürgen Lassak

Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty Publications

Glycosylation is a universal strategy to posttranslationally modify proteins. The recently discovered arginine rhamnosylation activates the polyproline-specific bacterial translation elongation factor EF-P. EF-P is rhamnosylated on arginine 32 by the glycosyltransferase EarP. However, the enzymatic mechanism remains elusive. In the present study, we solved the crystal structure of EarP from Pseudomonas putida. The enzyme is composed of two opposing domains with Rossmann folds, thus constituting a B pattern-type glycosyltransferase (GT-B). While dTDP-β-L-rhamnose is located within a highly conserved pocket of the C-domain, EarP recognizes the KOW-like N-domain of EF-P. Based on our data, we propose a structural model for …


Epigenetic Instability Induced By Dna Base Lesion Via Dna Base Excision Repair, Zhongliang Jiang 2017 Florida International University

Epigenetic Instability Induced By Dna Base Lesion Via Dna Base Excision Repair, Zhongliang Jiang

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

DNA damage can cause genome instability, which may lead to human cancer. The most common form of DNA damage is DNA base damage, which is efficiently repaired by DNA base excision repair (BER). Thus BER is the major DNA repair pathway that maintains the stability of the genome. On the other hand, BER mediates DNA demethylation that can occur on the promoter region of important tumor suppressor genes such as Breast Cancer 1 (BRCA1) gene that is also involved in prevention and development of cancer. In this study, employing cell-based and in vitro biochemical approaches along with bisulfite DNA sequencing, …


Plant-Expressed Cocaine Hydrolase Variants Of Butyrylcholinesterase Exhibit Altered Allosteric Effects Of Cholinesterase Activity And Increased Inhibitor Sensitivity, Katherine E. Larrimore, I. Can Kazan, Latha Kannan, R. Player Kendle, Tameem Jamal, Matthew Barcus, Ashini Bolia, Stephen Brimijoin, Chang-Guo Zhan, S. Banu Ozkan, Tsafrir S. Mor 2017 Arizona State University

Plant-Expressed Cocaine Hydrolase Variants Of Butyrylcholinesterase Exhibit Altered Allosteric Effects Of Cholinesterase Activity And Increased Inhibitor Sensitivity, Katherine E. Larrimore, I. Can Kazan, Latha Kannan, R. Player Kendle, Tameem Jamal, Matthew Barcus, Ashini Bolia, Stephen Brimijoin, Chang-Guo Zhan, S. Banu Ozkan, Tsafrir S. Mor

Molecular Modeling and Biopharmaceutical Center Faculty Publications

Butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) is an enzyme with broad substrate and ligand specificities and may function as a generalized bioscavenger by binding and/or hydrolyzing various xenobiotic agents and toxicants, many of which target the central and peripheral nervous systems. Variants of BChE were rationally designed to increase the enzyme’s ability to hydrolyze the psychoactive enantiomer of cocaine. These variants were cloned, and then expressed using the magnICON transient expression system in plants and their enzymatic properties were investigated. In particular, we explored the effects that these site-directed mutations have over the enzyme kinetics with various substrates of BChE. We further compared the …


Improving The Thermal Stability Of Cellobiohydrolase Cel7a From Hypocrea Jecorina By Directed Evolution, Frits Goedegebuur, Lydia Dankmeyer, Peter Gualfetti, Saeid Karkehabadi, Henrik Hansson, Suvamay Jana, Vicky Huynh, Bradley R. Kelemen, Paulien Kruithof, Edmund A. Larenas, Pauline J. M. Teunissen, Jerry Ståhlberg, Christina M. Payne, Colin Mitchinson, Mats Sandgren 2017 DuPont Industrial Biosciences, The Netherlands

Improving The Thermal Stability Of Cellobiohydrolase Cel7a From Hypocrea Jecorina By Directed Evolution, Frits Goedegebuur, Lydia Dankmeyer, Peter Gualfetti, Saeid Karkehabadi, Henrik Hansson, Suvamay Jana, Vicky Huynh, Bradley R. Kelemen, Paulien Kruithof, Edmund A. Larenas, Pauline J. M. Teunissen, Jerry Ståhlberg, Christina M. Payne, Colin Mitchinson, Mats Sandgren

Chemical and Materials Engineering Faculty Publications

Secreted mixtures of Hypocrea jecorina cellulases are able to efficiently degrade cellulosic biomass to fermentable sugars at large, commercially relevant scales. H. jecorina Cel7A, cellobiohydrolase I, from glycoside hydrolase family 7, is the workhorse enzyme of the process. However, the thermal stability of Cel7A limits its use to processes where temperatures are no higher than 50 °C. Enhanced thermal stability is desirable to enable the use of higher processing temperatures and to improve the economic feasibility of industrial biomass conversion. Here, we enhanced the thermal stability of Cel7A through directed evolution. Sites with increased thermal stability properties were combined, and …


Syk Inhibitors In Clinical Development For Hematological Malignancies, Delong Liu, Aleksandra Mamorska-Dyga 2017 New York Medical College

Syk Inhibitors In Clinical Development For Hematological Malignancies, Delong Liu, Aleksandra Mamorska-Dyga

NYMC Faculty Publications

Spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) is a cytosolic non-receptor protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) and is mainly expressed in hematopoietic cells. Syk was recognized as a critical element in the B-cell receptor signaling pathway. Syk is also a key component in signal transduction from other immune receptors like Fc receptors and adhesion receptors. Several oral Syk inhibitors including fostamatinib (R788), entospletinib (GS-9973), cerdulatinib (PRT062070), and TAK-659 are being assessed in clinical trials. The second generation compound, entospletinib, showed promising results in clinical trials against B-cell malignancies, mainly chronic lymphoid leukemia. Syk inhibitors are being evaluated in combination regimens in multiple malignancies.


Regulation And Modulation Of Human Dna Polymerase Δ Activity And Function, Marietta Y W T Lee, Xiaoxiao Wang, Sufang Zhang, Zhongtao Zhang, Ernest Y C Lee 2017 New York Medical College

Regulation And Modulation Of Human Dna Polymerase Δ Activity And Function, Marietta Y W T Lee, Xiaoxiao Wang, Sufang Zhang, Zhongtao Zhang, Ernest Y C Lee

NYMC Faculty Publications

This review focuses on the regulation and modulation of human DNA polymerase δ (Pol δ). The emphasis is on the mechanisms that regulate the activity and properties of Pol δ in DNA repair and replication. The areas covered are the degradation of the p12 subunit of Pol δ, which converts it from a heterotetramer (Pol δ4) to a heterotrimer (Pol δ3), in response to DNA damage and also during the cell cycle. The biochemical mechanisms that lead to degradation of p12 are reviewed, as well as the properties of Pol δ4 and Pol δ3 that provide insights into their functions …


Crystal Structure Of Apobec3a Bound To Single-Stranded Dna Reveals Structural Basis For Cytidine Deamination And Specificity, Takahide Kouno, Tania V. Silvas, Brendan J. Hilbert, Shivender Shandilya, Markus-Frederik Bohn, Brian A. Kelch, William E. Royer, Mohan Somasundaran, Nese Kurt Yilmaz, Hiroshi Matsuo, Celia A. Schiffer 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Crystal Structure Of Apobec3a Bound To Single-Stranded Dna Reveals Structural Basis For Cytidine Deamination And Specificity, Takahide Kouno, Tania V. Silvas, Brendan J. Hilbert, Shivender Shandilya, Markus-Frederik Bohn, Brian A. Kelch, William E. Royer, Mohan Somasundaran, Nese Kurt Yilmaz, Hiroshi Matsuo, Celia A. Schiffer

Celia A. Schiffer

Nucleic acid editing enzymes are essential components of the immune system that lethally mutate viral pathogens and somatically mutate immunoglobulins, and contribute to the diversification and lethality of cancers. Among these enzymes are the seven human APOBEC3 deoxycytidine deaminases, each with unique target sequence specificity and subcellular localization. While the enzymology and biological consequences have been extensively studied, the mechanism by which APOBEC3s recognize and edit DNA remains elusive. Here we present the crystal structure of a complex of a cytidine deaminase with ssDNA bound in the active site at 2.2 A. This structure not only visualizes the active site …


Data For High-Throughput Estimation Of Specific Activities Of Enzyme/Mutants In Cell Lysates Through Immunoturbidimetric Assay Of Proteins, Yiran Feng, Xiaolan Yang, Huimin Chong, Deqiang Wang, Xiaolei Hu, Chang-Guo Zhan, Fei Liao 2017 Chongqing Medical University, China

Data For High-Throughput Estimation Of Specific Activities Of Enzyme/Mutants In Cell Lysates Through Immunoturbidimetric Assay Of Proteins, Yiran Feng, Xiaolan Yang, Huimin Chong, Deqiang Wang, Xiaolei Hu, Chang-Guo Zhan, Fei Liao

Molecular Modeling and Biopharmaceutical Center Faculty Publications

Data in this article are associated with the research article “Highthroughput estimation of specific activities of enzyme/mutants in cell lysates through immunoturbidimetric assay of proteins” (Yang et al., 2017) [1]. This article provided data on how to develop an immunoturbidimetric assay (ITA) of enzyme/mutants as proteins in cell lysates in high-throughput (HTP) mode together with HTP assay of their activities to derive their specific activities in cell lysates for comparison, with Pseudomonas aeruginosa arylsulfatase (PAAS) and Bacillus fastidious uricase (BFU) plus their mutants as models. Data were made publicly available for further analyses.


Mutual Regulation Between Polo-Like Kinase 3 And Siah2 E3 Ubiquitin Ligase Defines A Regulatory Network That Fine-Tunes The Cellular Response To Hypoxia And Nickel, Cen Li, Soyoung Park, Xiaowen Zhang, Wei Dai, Dazhong Xu 2017 New York Medical College

Mutual Regulation Between Polo-Like Kinase 3 And Siah2 E3 Ubiquitin Ligase Defines A Regulatory Network That Fine-Tunes The Cellular Response To Hypoxia And Nickel, Cen Li, Soyoung Park, Xiaowen Zhang, Wei Dai, Dazhong Xu

NYMC Faculty Publications

Elevated cellular response to hypoxia, which contributes to cell transformation and tumor progression, is a prominent feature of malignant cells in solid tumors. Polo-like kinase 3 (Plk3) is a serine/threonine protein kinase known to inhibit the cellular response to hypoxia and tumorigenesis. Nickel compounds are well-established human carcinogens that induce tumorigenesis partly through their hypoxia-mimicking effects. Despite previous research efforts, the role of Plk3 in the hypoxic response induced by hypoxia or nickel is not completely understood. Here, we show that NiCl


Dengue Virus Ns2b/Ns3 Protease Inhibitors Exploiting The Prime Side, Kuan-Hung Lin, Akbar Ali, Linah Rusere, Djade I. Soumana, Nese Kurt Yilmaz, Celia A. Schiffer 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Dengue Virus Ns2b/Ns3 Protease Inhibitors Exploiting The Prime Side, Kuan-Hung Lin, Akbar Ali, Linah Rusere, Djade I. Soumana, Nese Kurt Yilmaz, Celia A. Schiffer

Celia A. Schiffer

The mosquito-transmitted dengue virus (DENV) infects millions of people in tropical and subtropical regions. Maturation of DENV particles requires proper cleavage of the viral polyprotein, including processing of 8 of the 13 substrate cleavage sites by dengue virus NS2B/NS3 protease. With no available direct-acting antiviral targeting DENV, NS2/NS3 protease is a promising target for inhibitor design. Current design efforts focus on the nonprime side of the DENV protease active site, resulting in highly hydrophilic and nonspecific scaffolds. However, the prime side also significantly modulates DENV protease binding affinity, as revealed by engineering the binding loop of aprotinin, a small protein …


Interdependence Of Inhibitor Recognition In Hiv-1 Protease, Janet L. Paulsen, Florian Leidner, Debra A. Ragland, Nese Kurt Yilmaz, Celia A. Schiffer 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Interdependence Of Inhibitor Recognition In Hiv-1 Protease, Janet L. Paulsen, Florian Leidner, Debra A. Ragland, Nese Kurt Yilmaz, Celia A. Schiffer

Celia A. Schiffer

Molecular recognition is a highly interdependent process. Subsite couplings within the active site of proteases are most often revealed through conditional amino acid preferences in substrate recognition. However, the potential effect of these couplings on inhibition and thus inhibitor design is largely unexplored. The present study examines the interdependency of subsites in HIV-1 protease using a focused library of protease inhibitors, to aid in future inhibitor design. Previously a series of darunavir (DRV) analogs was designed to systematically probe the S1' and S2' subsites. Co-crystal structures of these analogs with HIV-1 protease provide the ideal opportunity to probe subsite interdependency. …


Theaflavin-3, 3'-Digallate Decreases Human Ovarian Carcinoma Ovcar-3 Cell-Induced Angiogenesis Via Akt And Notch-1 Pathways, Not Via Mapk Pathways, Ying Gao, Gary O. Rankin, Youying Tu, Yi Charlie Chen 2017 Marshall University

Theaflavin-3, 3'-Digallate Decreases Human Ovarian Carcinoma Ovcar-3 Cell-Induced Angiogenesis Via Akt And Notch-1 Pathways, Not Via Mapk Pathways, Ying Gao, Gary O. Rankin, Youying Tu, Yi Charlie Chen

Gary O. Rankin

Theaflavin-3, 3'-digallate (TF3) is a black tea polyphenol produced from polymerization and oxidization of the green tea ployphenols epicatechin gallate and (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) during fermentation of fresh tea leaves. TF3 has been reported to have anticancer properties. However, the effect of TF3 on tumor angiogenesis and the underlying mechanisms are not clear. In the present study, TF3 was verified to inhibit tumor angiogenesis. Compared with EGCG, TF3 was more potent. TF3 inhibited human ovarian carcinoma OVCAR-3 cell-induced angiogenesis in human umbilical vein endothelial cell model and in chick chorioallantoic membrane model. TF3 reduced tumor angiogenesis by downregulating HIF-1α and VEGF. …


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