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Multiplex Pcr Assay To Detect High Risk Lineages Of Salmonella Typhi And Paratyphi A, Fahad Khokhar, Derek Pickard, Zoe Dyson, Junaid Iqbal, Agila Pragasam, Jobin Jacob John, Balaji Veeraraghavan, Farah Qamar, Gordon Dougan, Hilary MacQueen 2022 University of Cambridge, Cambridge

Multiplex Pcr Assay To Detect High Risk Lineages Of Salmonella Typhi And Paratyphi A, Fahad Khokhar, Derek Pickard, Zoe Dyson, Junaid Iqbal, Agila Pragasam, Jobin Jacob John, Balaji Veeraraghavan, Farah Qamar, Gordon Dougan, Hilary Macqueen

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Enteric fever infections remain a significant public health issue, with up to 20 million infections per year. Increasing rates of antibiotic resistant strains have rendered many first-line antibiotics potentially ineffective. Genotype 4.3.1 (H58) is the main circulating lineage of S. Typhi in many South Asian countries and is associated with high levels of antibiotic resistance. The emergence and spread of extensively drug resistant (XDR) typhoid strains has increased the need for a rapid molecular test to identify and track these high-risk lineages for surveillance and vaccine prioritisation. Current methods require samples to be cultured for several days, followed by DNA …


Implementation Of Vitamin D Screening And Planned Intervention Of Supplementation For Deficient Collegiate Athletes Of The Rio Grande Valley, Amanda J. Wheeler 2022 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Implementation Of Vitamin D Screening And Planned Intervention Of Supplementation For Deficient Collegiate Athletes Of The Rio Grande Valley, Amanda J. Wheeler

MEDI 8127 Scholarly Activities Pre-Clerkship

In the past decade, studies on vitamin D levels and relationships to orthopaedic patients have increased exponentially worldwide. Journals have established risk factors, proper assessment of vitamin D levels, supplementation standards, and dependent variables that effect prevalence.1

More specifically, many vitamin D studies in the field of orthopaedics and sports medicine have been conducted by analyzing NFL teams and NCAA Division I athletes and dividing the cohorts into player parameters such as age, BMI, race, team position, and supplement type. The results of these studies concluded that there is a large prevalence of vitamin D deficiency amongst athletes and …


Heart To Heart, Mom To Mom, Karis L. Tekwani 2022 Advocate Christ Medical Center, Advocate Aurora Health

Heart To Heart, Mom To Mom, Karis L. Tekwani

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

This essay describes the human connection forged between two young moms, one the physician and one the patient, when their paths collided one night in the emergency department of a busy hospital. It describes a challenging and most memorable care experience in the career of a young emergency physician, the clinical outcome, and the patient’s appreciative follow-up message years later.


Real-World Third Covid-19 Vaccine Dosing And Antibody Response In Patients With Hematologic Malignancies, Michael A. Thompson, Sigrun Hallmeyer, Veronica E. Fitzpatrick, Yunqi Liao, Michael P. Mullane, Stephen C. Medlin, Kenneth Copeland, James L. Weese 2022 Aurora Cancer Care, Advocate Aurora Health

Real-World Third Covid-19 Vaccine Dosing And Antibody Response In Patients With Hematologic Malignancies, Michael A. Thompson, Sigrun Hallmeyer, Veronica E. Fitzpatrick, Yunqi Liao, Michael P. Mullane, Stephen C. Medlin, Kenneth Copeland, James L. Weese

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Purpose: This study sought to describe the changes in immune response to a third dose of either Pfizer’s or Moderna’s COVID-19 mRNA vaccine (3V) among patients with hematologic malignancies, as well as associated characteristics

Methods: This retrospective cohort study analyzed pre-3V and post-3V data on 493 patients diagnosed with hematologic malignancies across a large Midwestern health system between August 28, 2021, and November 1, 2021. For antibody testing, S1 spike antigen of the SARS-CoV-2 virus titer was used to determine serostatus.

Results: Among 493 participants, 274 (55.6%) were seropositive both pre- and post-3V (+/+) while 115 (23.3%) seroconverted to positive …


Community-Based Asthma Assessment In Young Children: Adaptations For A Multicentre Longitudinal Study In South Asia, Mohammad Shahidul Islam, Samin Huq, Steven Cunningham, Jurgen Schwarze, ASMD Ashraful Islam, Mashal Amin, Farrukh Raza, Benazir Baloch, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Sajid Bashir Soofi 2022 The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh

Community-Based Asthma Assessment In Young Children: Adaptations For A Multicentre Longitudinal Study In South Asia, Mohammad Shahidul Islam, Samin Huq, Steven Cunningham, Jurgen Schwarze, Asmd Ashraful Islam, Mashal Amin, Farrukh Raza, Benazir Baloch, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Sajid Bashir Soofi

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Background: Systematic assessment of childhood asthma is challenging in low- and middle-income country (LMIC) settings due to the lack of standardised and validated methodologies. We describe the contextual challenges and adaptation strategies in the implementation of a community-based asthma assessment in four resource-constrained settings in Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan.
Method: We followed a group of children of age 6-8 years for 12 months to record their respiratory health outcomes. The study participants were enrolled at four study sites of the 'Aetiology of Neonatal Infection in South Asia (ANISA)' study. We standardised the research methods for the sites, trained field staff …


Cardiac Metastasis After Curative Treatment Of Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Risk Factors, Treatment Options, And Prognosis, Gaurav Jain, Mathew Otto, Mubeen Khan Mohammed Abdul, Manpreet Chadha, Ajay Sahajpal 2022 Aurora St. Luke's Medical Center Abdominal Transplant Program, Advocate Aurora Health

Cardiac Metastasis After Curative Treatment Of Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Risk Factors, Treatment Options, And Prognosis, Gaurav Jain, Mathew Otto, Mubeen Khan Mohammed Abdul, Manpreet Chadha, Ajay Sahajpal

Journal of Patient-Centered Research and Reviews

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is primary hepatic malignancy with a high incidence of recurrence. The risk of recurrence directly correlates to patient’s overall prognosis. Management of advanced HCC involves a combination of surgical resection, locoregional therapy, and systemic treatment. Distant metastases are rare, and intraventricular cardiac metastases are even more infrequent. This brief review details an illustrative case of cardiac metastasis after curative treatment of primary HCC and then summarizes the literature on risk factors, treatment options, and patient prognosis in the setting of distant metastases from HCC. Prognosis of metastasis to the heart is generally poor, and available evidence emphasizes …


Combination Of Statistical Shape Modeling And Statistical Parametric Mapping To Quantify Cartilage Contact Mechanics In Hip Dysplasia, Penny R. Atkins PhD, Shireen Y. Elhabian PhD, Jeffrey A. Weiss PhD, Ross T. Whitaker PhD, Christopher L. Peters MD, Andrew E. Anderson PhD 2022 University of Utah

Combination Of Statistical Shape Modeling And Statistical Parametric Mapping To Quantify Cartilage Contact Mechanics In Hip Dysplasia, Penny R. Atkins Phd, Shireen Y. Elhabian Phd, Jeffrey A. Weiss Phd, Ross T. Whitaker Phd, Christopher L. Peters Md, Andrew E. Anderson Phd

PanaSoMM

Finite element models can predict subject-specific chondrolabral stresses and help to elucidate the effect of under-coverage and incongruency of the hip joint in patients with dysplasia. However, complex stress patterns are difficult to generalize and evaluate statistically. With an established correspondence across shapes from statistical shape modeling (SSM), statistical parametric mapping (SPM) allows for evaluation of local variability while preserving model subject-specificity. Herein, we evaluated the combined application of SSM and SPM to compare cartilage contact stress between control subjects and patients with dysplasia.

Previously published hip joint contact stresses were mapped onto chondrolabral surface meshes and incorporated into an …


Application Of Statistical Shape Modeling To Predict Clinical Metric Of Femoral Head Coverage In Patients With Developmental Dysplasia, Penny R. Atkins PhD, Praful Agrawal PhD, Joseph D. Mozingo PhD, Keisuke Uemura MD, PhD, Kunihiko Tokunaga MD, Christopher L. Peters MD, Shireen Y. Elhabian PhD, Ross T. Whitaker PhD, Andrew E. Anderson PhD 2022 University of Utah

Application Of Statistical Shape Modeling To Predict Clinical Metric Of Femoral Head Coverage In Patients With Developmental Dysplasia, Penny R. Atkins Phd, Praful Agrawal Phd, Joseph D. Mozingo Phd, Keisuke Uemura Md, Phd, Kunihiko Tokunaga Md, Christopher L. Peters Md, Shireen Y. Elhabian Phd, Ross T. Whitaker Phd, Andrew E. Anderson Phd

PanaSoMM

Developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is described as under-coverage of the femoral head by the acetabulum, resulting in mechanical instability. Though DDH is often diagnosed using plain film radiographs, these images cannot adequately capture 3D joint coverage. Herein, we applied a 3D statistical shape model (SSM) to the femur and hemi-pelvis of patients with DDH to objectively measure shape variation and evaluated whether SSM outputs could predict measurements of joint coverage.

The femur and hemi-pelvis were semi-automatically segmented from CT images (83 hips from 47 females with DDH). Surfaces of each hip were reconstructed from segmentations, aligned, and input …


Pulsatility Is A Predictive Marker Of Improved Cardiac Function In Patients With Liquid Matrix-Treated Left Ventricular Assist Devices, Philemon Mikail, Rinku Skaria, Marvin Slepian, Janny Garcia, Richard Smith, Zain Khalpey 2022 University of Arizona

Pulsatility Is A Predictive Marker Of Improved Cardiac Function In Patients With Liquid Matrix-Treated Left Ventricular Assist Devices, Philemon Mikail, Rinku Skaria, Marvin Slepian, Janny Garcia, Richard Smith, Zain Khalpey

The VAD Journal

Objective: Left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are utilized as a bridge to transplant or as destination therapy for patients with end-stage heart failure. Although cardiac offloading from these devices rarely leads to complete remodeling and functional recovery, the use of mesenchymal cells to modulate heart failure has been explored in recent years due to its intrinsic regenerative properties. Current methods of evaluating cardiac function have too much variability, difficulty of access, or require too frequent follow up to create universal weaning protocols. We hypothesized that the administration of amniotic allograft liquid matrix (LM) containing amnion-derived mesenchymal stem cells (aMSCs) in …


Evaluation Of Neonatal Ankyloglossia, Ellen M. Ray 2022 University of Missouri-St. Louis

Evaluation Of Neonatal Ankyloglossia, Ellen M. Ray

Dissertations

Problem Ankyloglossia occurs when the tongue cannot extend past the gums or lips due to frenulum restriction. In breast feeding, proper movement of the tongue around the nipple is hindered causing difficulty for the infant to obtain a proper latch. This may result in slow weight gain (SWG), failure to thrive (FTT), and dehydration due to poor milk production. Evaluating for ankyloglossia is difficult, however, the Hazelbaker Ankyloglossia Tool for Lingual Frenulum Function (HATLFF) may be of benefit.

Method Observational descriptive design utilizing a retrospective medical record review. The HATLFF was utilized in full term neonates suspected of ankyloglossia in …


Perioperative Risks Of The Patient With Heart Failure, Gabrielle Metoyer 2022 Otterbein University

Perioperative Risks Of The Patient With Heart Failure, Gabrielle Metoyer

Nursing Student Class Projects (Formerly MSN)

Perioperative Risks of the Patient with Heart Failure

Gabrielle Metoyer

Department of Nursing, Otterbein University

NURS 6810 – Advanced Pathophysiology

Dr. Deanna Batross and Dr. Shivani Bhatnagar

August 5, 2022

Abstract

According to the CDC (2020), heart failure occurs when the heart cannot pump enough blood and oxygen to support other organs in your body. Heart failure is an epidemic disease affecting 1-2% of the population worldwide (Schwinger, 2020). It is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide with an estimated 6.5 million adults with heart failure in the United States (Lo et al., 2021). Medical advances …


Screening And Assessment Of Cancer-Related Fatigue: A Clinical Practice Guideline For Health Care Providers, Mary I. Fisher, Joy C. Cohn, Shana Harrington, Jeannette Lee, Daniel Malone 2022 University of Dayton

Screening And Assessment Of Cancer-Related Fatigue: A Clinical Practice Guideline For Health Care Providers, Mary I. Fisher, Joy C. Cohn, Shana Harrington, Jeannette Lee, Daniel Malone

Physical Therapy Faculty Publications

Cancer-related fatigue (CRF) is the most common side effect of cancer treatment. Regular surveillance is recommended, but few clinical practice guidelines transparently assess study bias, quality, and clinical utility in deriving recommendations of screening and assessment methods. The purpose of this clinical practice guideline (CPG) is to provide recommendations for the screening and assessment of CRF for health care professions treating individuals with cancer. Following best practices for development of a CPG using the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE) Statement and Emergency Care Research Institute (ECRI) Guidelines Trust Scorecard, this CPG included a systematic search of the …


Trustworthiness And Quality In Research For Clinical Application, Mary I. Fisher 2022 University of Dayton

Trustworthiness And Quality In Research For Clinical Application, Mary I. Fisher

Physical Therapy Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Pathophysiology Of Aortic Stenosis, Melissa Lee 2022 Otterbein University

Pathophysiology Of Aortic Stenosis, Melissa Lee

Nursing Student Class Projects (Formerly MSN)

Pathophysiology of Aortic Stenosis

Melissa J. Lee

Department of Nursing, Otterbein University

NURS 6810: Advanced Pathophysiology for the Advanced Practice Nurse

Dr. Deana Batross & Dr. Shivani Bhatnagar

July 29, 2022

Pathophysiology of Aortic Stenosis

Proper evaluation of co-morbidities is imperative for patient safety and successful outcomes for patients undergoing anesthesia. Aortic stenosis (AS) is one of the most complex diseases encountered in anesthesia, affecting five percent of older adults and ten percent of the 80-89-year-old-cohort (Joseph et al., 2017). The pathophysiological development of AS is the end result of an inflammatory process caused by endothelial damage from mechanical stress, …


Incidence Of Typhoid And Paratyphoid Fever In Bangladesh, Nepal, And Pakistan: Results Of The Surveillance For Enteric Fever In Asia Project, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Sadia Shakoor, Irum Fatima Dehraj, Junaid Mehmood, Rozina Thobani, Aneeta Hotwani, Najeeb Rehman, Seema Irfan, Abdul Momin Kazi, Mohammed J. Hunzai 2022 Aga Khan University

Incidence Of Typhoid And Paratyphoid Fever In Bangladesh, Nepal, And Pakistan: Results Of The Surveillance For Enteric Fever In Asia Project, Mohammad Tahir Yousafzai, Sadia Shakoor, Irum Fatima Dehraj, Junaid Mehmood, Rozina Thobani, Aneeta Hotwani, Najeeb Rehman, Seema Irfan, Abdul Momin Kazi, Mohammed J. Hunzai

Department of Paediatrics and Child Health

Background: Precise enteric fever disease burden data are needed to inform prevention and control measures, including the use of newly available typhoid vaccines. We established the Surveillance for Enteric Fever in Asia Project (SEAP) to inform these strategies.
Methods: From September, 2016, to September, 2019, we conducted prospective clinical surveillance for Salmonella enterica serotype Typhi (S Typhi) and Paratyphi (S Paratyphi) A, B, and C at health facilities in predetermined catchment areas in Dhaka, Bangladesh; Kathmandu and Kavrepalanchok, Nepal; and Karachi, Pakistan. Patients eligible for inclusion were outpatients with 3 or more consecutive days of fever in the last 7 …


Bacterial Sensitivity Pattern To Antibiotics In Acne Vulgaris At Universitas Sumatera Utara Hospital Medan, Indonesia In 2019, Lovena Sari, Nelva Karmila Jusuf, Imam Budi Putra 2022 Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia

Bacterial Sensitivity Pattern To Antibiotics In Acne Vulgaris At Universitas Sumatera Utara Hospital Medan, Indonesia In 2019, Lovena Sari, Nelva Karmila Jusuf, Imam Budi Putra

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: The association between psoriasis and metabolic syndrome is appealing as the two may share a similar cross-linking systemic inflammation process. The inflammation processes occurring in obesity and psoriasis may aggravate one another. This raised the question of whether a low-calorie diet would possibly reverse the aforementioned process. This study aims to determine whether calorie restriction reduces psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) in obese patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis receiving conventional treatment compared to no calorie restriction.
Methods: We searched Pubmed/Pubmed Central, ScienceDirect, Cochrane library, EBSCOhost, and Scopus databases using keywords derived from our clinical question. The inclusion …


The Relationship Between Increased Body Mass Index With Transepidermal Water Loss: A Comparative Study, Muhammad Yurizar Yudhistira, Arie Kusumawardani, Suci Widhiati, Nurachmat Mulianto 2022 Faculty of Medicine Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta, Indonesia

The Relationship Between Increased Body Mass Index With Transepidermal Water Loss: A Comparative Study, Muhammad Yurizar Yudhistira, Arie Kusumawardani, Suci Widhiati, Nurachmat Mulianto

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: Obesity affect significant populations on all ages. The relationship between obesity and metabolic diseases is known but a dermatological link is rarely explained. Transepidermal water loss (TEWL) is one of the measurement tools used to define the skin’s barrier function by measuring the amount of water that evaporates through the skin in aspecific amount of time. Although several studies on TEWL are available but discussion about the correlation between TEWL and body mass index (BMI) is still limited. This study aims to evaluate the correlation between TEWL and BMI.
Methods: This research is a single-center study with …


Cutaneous Manifestation Of Thyroid Carcinoma In A 64-Year-Old Filipino Woman: A Case Report, Andrean Linata, Benedicto dL Carpio, Eileen Regalado-Morales 2022 Department of Dermatology, Ospital ng Maynila Medical Center, Manila, 1004, Philippines

Cutaneous Manifestation Of Thyroid Carcinoma In A 64-Year-Old Filipino Woman: A Case Report, Andrean Linata, Benedicto Dl Carpio, Eileen Regalado-Morales

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: Cutaneous metastasis is a rare phenomenon of thyroid carcinoma. Several mechanisms regarding cutaneous metastasis from internal malignancies have been proposed. Various treatment options are available, including surgical procedures, radioiodine therapy, thyroid hormone therapy, and other possible therapies. The prognosis of thyroid carcinoma with cutaneous manifestation is poor.
Case Illustration: We presented a case of 64-year-old female patient with previously diagnosed thyroid carcinoma admitted with enlarged and tender nodules on the right side of the anterior neck. No surgical intervention was done and patient was treated with chemotherapy using doxorubicin 80 mg as the agent of choice. Levothyroxine …


Combined Use Of Cross Tca And Modified Subcision With Prp Administration For Acne Scars, Ahmad Fiqri, Moerbono Mochtar, Dendy Zulfikar 2022 Dermatovenereology Department, Dr. Moewardi Hospital, Surakarta, Indonesia

Combined Use Of Cross Tca And Modified Subcision With Prp Administration For Acne Scars, Ahmad Fiqri, Moerbono Mochtar, Dendy Zulfikar

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: Acne vulgaris is a skin disease that can cause permanent scarring. Various therapeutic options are available to treat atrophic scars, but combination therapy is still the best choice according to different types of scars in a single patient. Chemical reconstruction of skin scars (CROSS) trichloroacetic acid (TCA), modified subcutaneous incisionless (subcision), and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) can be used as a combination therapy to treat acne scars.
Case Illustration: A 25-year-old man complained of acne scars on both sides of his face. Dermatologic findings were blackheads, icepick, boxcar, and rolling scars. Clinically he had moderate to severe acne …


Microneedling And Platelet-Rich Plasma (Prp) Treatment For Mixed Melasma, Puteri Wulandari, Nelva Karmila Jusuf, Khairina Nasution 2022 Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia

Microneedling And Platelet-Rich Plasma (Prp) Treatment For Mixed Melasma, Puteri Wulandari, Nelva Karmila Jusuf, Khairina Nasution

Journal of General - Procedural Dermatology & Venereology Indonesia

Background: Melasma, or chloasma, is an acquired pigmentary disorder caused by increased melanin in the epidermal and dermal layers, characterized by brown or gray patches on the face and neck. There are many treatment options available; however, the difficulties in treating melasma are frequent recalcitrants, high recurrence rate, irregularity in treatment, and the tendency of the patients to self-medicate.
Case Ilustration: We report a case of mixed melasma treated by microneedling and topical PRP administration. Thirteen weeks following the therapy, the patient showed a favorable response brighter skin and substantial disappearance of brown patches.
Discussion: Studies assessing …


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