Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Endocrine System Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

101 Full-Text Articles 278 Authors 22,913 Downloads 44 Institutions

All Articles in Endocrine System

Faceted Search

101 full-text articles. Page 4 of 4.

Endocrine Complications In Patients Of Beta Thalassemia Major In A Tertiary Care Hospital In Pakistan, Amina Adil, Zain A. Sobani, Abdul Jabbar, Salman N Adil, Safia Awan 2012 Aga Khan University

Endocrine Complications In Patients Of Beta Thalassemia Major In A Tertiary Care Hospital In Pakistan, Amina Adil, Zain A. Sobani, Abdul Jabbar, Salman N Adil, Safia Awan

Section of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism

OBJECTIVE: To determine the major endocrine complications present in patients of Thalassemia major presenting to a tertiary care center in Karachi, Pakistan.

METHODS: Records of all thallasemia major patients at a Haematology Department in a tertiary care hospital of Karachi were retrospectively reviewed from May to August 2009 with specific focus on endocrine data and investigations. The patients' data was recorded in a questionnaire and analyzed using SPSS v.17, frequencies and percentages along with corresponding 95% confidence interval were computed.

RESULTS: Our data revealed that a significantly small percentage of those under care received regular endocrine follow-up. Male hypo-gonadal abnormalities …


An Analysis Of Quality Outcomes In Patients Having A Hysterectomy: Robotics Vs The Vaginal Approach, Martin A. Martino MD, Jocelyn Shubella, Elizabeth A. Berger DO 2012 Lehigh Valley Health Network

An Analysis Of Quality Outcomes In Patients Having A Hysterectomy: Robotics Vs The Vaginal Approach, Martin A. Martino Md, Jocelyn Shubella, Elizabeth A. Berger Do

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology

No abstract provided.


Robotic Surgery Outcomes After The Learning Curve: Does Robotic Surgery Improve The Quality Health Outcome “Readmission <30 Days” In Patients Having Hysterectomy For Benign Disease?, Elizabeth A. Berger DO, Jocelyn Shubella, Martin A. Martino MD 2012 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Robotic Surgery Outcomes After The Learning Curve: Does Robotic Surgery Improve The Quality Health Outcome “Readmission <30 Days” In Patients Having Hysterectomy For Benign Disease?, Elizabeth A. Berger Do, Jocelyn Shubella, Martin A. Martino Md

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of 17Α-Ethynylestradiol (Ee2) On Gonadal Development And Differentiation In The Estuarine Killifish, Fundulus Heteroclitus, Ibrahim Chehade 2012 Wilfrid Laurier University

The Effects Of 17Α-Ethynylestradiol (Ee2) On Gonadal Development And Differentiation In The Estuarine Killifish, Fundulus Heteroclitus, Ibrahim Chehade

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

Endocrine disrupting substances (EDSs) comprise a wide variety of chemicals that perturb normal endocrine function including developmental and reproductive processes in vertebrates. The synthetic estrogen 17α-ethynylestradiol (EE2) is a commonly-used model EDS because of its environmental relevance and its effects on the reproductive endocrine system. Early life-stage exposure of fish to estrogenic EDSs causes effects such as intersex (ovotestes in males) and feminization. This study aims to confirm the period of gonadal differentiation in the estuarine killifish or mummichog (Fundulus heteroclitus) and to determine the sensitivity of gonadal development to EE2. Artificially-regressed mummichog were spawned, and …


Primary Cilia Regulates The Directional Migration And Barrier Integrity Of Endothelial Cells Through The Modulation Of Hsp27 Dependent Actin Cytoskeletal Organization, Thomas J. Jones, Ravi K. Adapala, Werner J. Geldenhuys, Chris Bursley, Wissam A. AbouAlaiwi, Surya M. Nauli, Charles K. Thodeti 2012 Northeastern University

Primary Cilia Regulates The Directional Migration And Barrier Integrity Of Endothelial Cells Through The Modulation Of Hsp27 Dependent Actin Cytoskeletal Organization, Thomas J. Jones, Ravi K. Adapala, Werner J. Geldenhuys, Chris Bursley, Wissam A. Aboualaiwi, Surya M. Nauli, Charles K. Thodeti

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Cilia are mechanosensing organelles that communicate extracellular signals into intracellular responses. Altered functions of primary cilia play a key role in the development of various diseases including polycystic kidney disease. Here, we show that endothelial cells from the oak ridge polycystic kidney (Tg737orpk/orpk) mouse, with impaired cilia assembly, exhibit a reduction in the actin stress fibers and focal adhesions compared to wild type. In contrast, endothelial cells from polycystin-1 deficient mice (pkd1null/null), with impaired cilia function, display robust stress fibers and focal adhesion assembly. We found that the Tg737orpk/orpk cells exhibit impaired directional migration and endothelial cell monolayer permeability compared …


Post Gastric Bypass Hypoglycemia: Four Cases Treated Successfully With Alphaglucosidase Inhibitor Therapy, Shavon S. Frankhouser DO, Aakif N. Ahmad DO, Gretchen A. Perilli MD, Benjamin J. Quintana MD, Marc A. Vengrove DO, FACP 2012 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Post Gastric Bypass Hypoglycemia: Four Cases Treated Successfully With Alphaglucosidase Inhibitor Therapy, Shavon S. Frankhouser Do, Aakif N. Ahmad Do, Gretchen A. Perilli Md, Benjamin J. Quintana Md, Marc A. Vengrove Do, Facp

Department of Medicine

No abstract provided.


Ethnic Disparity In 21-Hydroxylase Gene Mutations Identified In Pakistani Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Patient, Aysha Habib Khan, Muniba Aban, Jamal Raza, Naeem ul Haq, Abdul Jabbar, Tariq Moatter 2011 Aga Khan University

Ethnic Disparity In 21-Hydroxylase Gene Mutations Identified In Pakistani Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia Patient, Aysha Habib Khan, Muniba Aban, Jamal Raza, Naeem Ul Haq, Abdul Jabbar, Tariq Moatter

Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine

Background: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is a group of autosomal recessive disorders caused by defects in the steroid 21 hydroxylase gene (CYP21A2). We studied the spectrum of mutations in CYP21A2 gene in a multi-ethnic population in Pakistan to explore the genetics of CAH.

Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted for the identification of mutations CYP21A2 and their phenotypic associations in CAH using ARMS-PCR assay.

Results: Overall, 29 patients were analyzed for nine different mutations. The group consisted of two major forms of CAH including 17 salt wasters and 12 simple virilizers. There were 14 phenotypic males and 15 females …


Editorial Focus: An Ace Inhibitor Improves Vascular Outcomes In A Pkd Model, Surya M. Nauli 2011 Chapman University

Editorial Focus: An Ace Inhibitor Improves Vascular Outcomes In A Pkd Model, Surya M. Nauli

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Cardiovascular complications are the most common cause of death in patients with polycystic kidney disease (PKD). Within the context of clinical practice, two possible theories have been reviewed that could help describe the pathogenesis of vascular complications in PKD (7).


Calcium-Mediated Mechanisms Of Cystic Expansion, Shakila Abdul-Majeed, Surya M. Nauli 2011 University of Toledo

Calcium-Mediated Mechanisms Of Cystic Expansion, Shakila Abdul-Majeed, Surya M. Nauli

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

In this review, we will discuss several well-accepted signaling pathways toward calcium-mediated mechanisms of cystic expansion. The second messenger calcium ion has contributed to a vast diversity of signal transduction pathways. We will dissect calcium signaling as a possible mechanism that contributes to renal cyst formation. Because cytosolic calcium also regulates an array of signaling pathways, we will first discuss cilia-induced calcium fluxes, followed by Wnt signaling that has attributed to much-discussed planar cell polarity. We will then look at the relationship between cytosolic calcium and cAMP as one of the most important aspects of cyst progression. The signaling of …


Frequency Of Silent Myocardial Ischaemia In Diabetics: A Single Centre Study, Adil Sheikh, Syed Shah Faisal, Abdul Jabbar 2011 Aga Khan University

Frequency Of Silent Myocardial Ischaemia In Diabetics: A Single Centre Study, Adil Sheikh, Syed Shah Faisal, Abdul Jabbar

Section of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism

OBJECTIVE: To find the frequency of silent myocardial ischaemia in diabetics as compared to non-diabetics.

METHODS: This was a cross sectional study conducted between November 2008 and March 2010. Two hundred subjects were recruited by convenience sampling after informed consent. All were subjected to an exercise stress test. Electrocardiographic changes were noted for silent Ischaemia Descriptive Statistics were applied for significance.

RESULT: Of the 200 subjects included in the study, 31 had diabetes and 1 69 were non-diabetics. The mean age was 46 +/- 10 years. Twenty eight subjects tested positive for silent ischaemia, of whom six were diabetics (19%) …


Pressure Pain Threshold Testing Demonstrates Predictive Ability In People With Acute Whiplash., David Walton 2011 The University of Western Ontario

Pressure Pain Threshold Testing Demonstrates Predictive Ability In People With Acute Whiplash., David Walton

David Walton

No abstract provided.


Multiple Protein Kinases Determine The Phosphorylated State Of The Small Heat Shock Protein, Hsp27, In Sh-Sy5y Neuroblastoma Cells, Linda A. Dokas, Amy M. Malone, Frederick E. Williams, Surya M. Nauli, William S. Messer Jr. 2011 University of Toledo

Multiple Protein Kinases Determine The Phosphorylated State Of The Small Heat Shock Protein, Hsp27, In Sh-Sy5y Neuroblastoma Cells, Linda A. Dokas, Amy M. Malone, Frederick E. Williams, Surya M. Nauli, William S. Messer Jr.

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

In SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells, the cholinergic agonist, carbachol, stimulates phosphorylation of the small heat shock protein 27 (HSP27). Carbachol increases phosphorylation of both Ser-82 and Ser-78 while the phorbol ester, phorbol-12, 13-dibutyrate (PDB) affects only Ser-82. Muscarinic receptor activation by carbachol was confirmed by sensitivity of Ser-82 phosphorylation to hyoscyamine with no effect of nicotine or bradykinin. This response to carbachol is partially reduced by inhibition of protein kinase C (PKC) with GF 109203X and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) with SB 203580. In contrast, phosphorylation produced by PDB is completely reversed by GF 109203X or CID 755673, an …


Spurious Hyperkalaemia: An Insight, Khawaja Salman Zaki, Uzma Majid, Najmul Islam 2011 Aga Khan University

Spurious Hyperkalaemia: An Insight, Khawaja Salman Zaki, Uzma Majid, Najmul Islam

Section of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism

Hyperkalaemia is a common electrolyte disorder with potentially lethal consequences and can lead to life-threatening cardiac dysrhythmias. Spurious hyperkalaemia, also known as pseudohyperkalaemia or factitious hyperkalaemiais, is also quite common in clinical practice and it's a source of avoidable emergency department visits or hospital admissions. We report a case in which alarming hyperkalaemia was found in a patient having Chronic Monomyelocytic Leukaemia on two different occasions, later diagnosed to be spurious.


Polycystic Diseases In Visceral Organs, Shakila Abdul-Majeed, Surya M. Nauli 2011 University of Toledo

Polycystic Diseases In Visceral Organs, Shakila Abdul-Majeed, Surya M. Nauli

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Primary cilia are nonmotile, microtubule-based, antenna-like organelles projecting from the apical surface of most mammalian cells. Elegant studies have established the importance of ciliary structure and function in signal transduction and the sensory roles of cilia in maintaining healthy cellular state. In particular, dysfunctional cilia have been implicated in a large number of diseases mainly characterized by the presence of fluid-filled cysts in various organs. Aside from polycystic kidney disease (PKD), however, the roles of cilia in polycystic liver disease (PLD), polycystic pancreas disease (PPD), and polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) are still very vague. In addition, although gender and sex …


The Mechanosensory Role Of Primary Cilia In Vascular Hypertension, Surya M. Nauli, Xingjian Jin, Beerend P. Hierck 2011 Chapman University

The Mechanosensory Role Of Primary Cilia In Vascular Hypertension, Surya M. Nauli, Xingjian Jin, Beerend P. Hierck

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Local regulation of vascular tone plays an important role in cardiovascular control of blood pressure. Aside from chemical or hormonal regulations, this local homeostasis is highly regulated by fluid-shear stress. It was previously unclear how vascular endothelial cells were able to sense fluid-shear stress. The cellular functions of mechanosensory cilia within vascular system have emerged recently. In particular, hypertension is insidious and remains a continuous problem that evolves during the course of polycystic kidney disease (PKD). The basic and clinical perspectives on primary cilia are discussed with regard to the pathogenesis of hypertension in PKD.


A Large Goiter In A Euthyroid Child Due To A Thyroglobulin Gene Defect, Arnold H. Slyper MD, Pia Hermanns MS, PhD, Jessica Okamoto RN, Leeyat Slyper 2011 Lehigh Valley Health Network

A Large Goiter In A Euthyroid Child Due To A Thyroglobulin Gene Defect, Arnold H. Slyper Md, Pia Hermanns Ms, Phd, Jessica Okamoto Rn, Leeyat Slyper

Department of Pediatrics

No abstract provided.


Self-Glucose Monitoring And Glycaemic Control At A Tertiary Care University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan, Khurshid Khowaja, Humaira Waheed 2010 Aga Khan University

Self-Glucose Monitoring And Glycaemic Control At A Tertiary Care University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan, Khurshid Khowaja, Humaira Waheed

Section of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism

OBJECTIVE: To explore the association between Self Monitoring of Blood Glucose (SMBG) levels and improved glycemic control (HbA1c level) among type 2 diabetic patients, receiving oral hypoglycaemic agents and insulin, and to ascertain the factors influencing SMBG.

METHOD: Using Comparative cross sectional study design five hundred Type 2 diabetes patients through convenient sampling between 30-70 years were interviewed through a structured questionnaire in year 2006 and 2007 at AKUH Ambulatory setting. These 500 subjects were divided as 250 in case (doing SMBG) and 250 in control (not doing SMBG) groups.

RESULTS: We identified that HbA1c value was maintained at good …


Failure To Ubiquitinate C-Met Leads To Hyperactivation Of Mtor Signaling In A Mouse Model Of Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease, Shan Qin, Mary Taglienti, Surya M. Nauli, Leah Contrino, Ayumi Takakura, Jing Zhou, Jordan A. Kreidberg 2010 Harvard University

Failure To Ubiquitinate C-Met Leads To Hyperactivation Of Mtor Signaling In A Mouse Model Of Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease, Shan Qin, Mary Taglienti, Surya M. Nauli, Leah Contrino, Ayumi Takakura, Jing Zhou, Jordan A. Kreidberg

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a common inherited disorder that is caused by mutations at two loci, polycystin 1 (PKD1) and polycystin 2 (PKD2). It is characterized by the formation of multiple cysts in the kidneys that can lead to chronic renal failure. Previous studies have suggested a role for hyperactivation of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) in cystogenesis, but the etiology of mTOR hyperactivation has not been fully elucidated. In this report we have shown that mTOR is hyperactivated. in Pkd1-null mouse cells due to failure of the HGF receptor c-Met to be properly ubiquitinated and subsequently …


Hypertension In Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease: A Clinical And Basic Science Perspective, Shobha Ratnam, Surya M. Nauli 2010 University of Toledo

Hypertension In Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease: A Clinical And Basic Science Perspective, Shobha Ratnam, Surya M. Nauli

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Cardiovascular complications are major causes of morbidity and mortality in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). In particular, hypertension is insidious and remains a continuous problem that evolves during the course of the disease. Hypertension in ADPKD has been associated with abnormality in the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS). Early vascular changes have also been reported in young ADPKD patients. In addition, the cellular functions of mechanosensory cilia within vascular system have emerged recently. The basic and clinical perspectives of RAAS, vascular remodeling and sensory cilia are reviewed with regard to hypertension in ADPKD


Digital Commons powered by bepress