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Surgical Procedures, Operative Commons

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Utilizing Simulation To Implement Cognitive Aids In The Operating Room, Kaitlyn Brown 2019 Southern Illinois University Edwardsville

Utilizing Simulation To Implement Cognitive Aids In The Operating Room, Kaitlyn Brown

Doctor of Nursing Practice Projects

Background: Operating room crises require prompt, efficient action to avoid detrimental outcomes. Research shows that crisis checklists or other cognitive aids assist anesthesia providers in taking prompt action while improving efficiency by decreasing treatment steps missed during critical events.

Objectives: The purpose of this project was to evaluate the effectiveness of incorporating cardiac arrest and malignant hyperthermia crisis checklists into the operating room using high-fidelity simulation-based education.

Methods: Researchers implemented the Stanford Emergency Manual Cognitive Aids for cardiac arrest and malignant hyperthermia to anesthesia staff at a community hospital in southern Illinois with 18 participants. Implementation consisted of an education …


Innovative Care Of Individuals In The Athletic Training Room: A Case Series, Kathryn E. Young 2019 James Madison University

Innovative Care Of Individuals In The Athletic Training Room: A Case Series, Kathryn E. Young

Senior Honors Projects, 2010-2019

This work follows three unique cases of athletic injuries and/or injuries in patients. These cases were selected because of the innovative nature of the rehabilitation process conducted by the sports medicine team via the athletic training room or the unique nature of the injury/case.

The first is a concussion sustained from a motor vehicle accident in a collegiate female thrower. This is unique because it’s a non-sport related concussion handled as an athletic trainer would handle a sports related concussion. It also demonstrates a new unique protocol for concussion management.

The second case is a patient with two complete anterior …


Torsion Does Not Affect Early Vein Graft Patency In The Rat Femoral Artery Model, Amro Harb, Maxwell Levi, Akio Kozato, Robert J. Strauch MD 2019 Rowan University

Torsion Does Not Affect Early Vein Graft Patency In The Rat Femoral Artery Model, Amro Harb, Maxwell Levi, Akio Kozato, Robert J. Strauch Md

Stratford Campus Research Day

BACKGROUND:

Torsion of vein grafts is a commonly cited reason for graft failure in clinical setting. Many microsurgery training courses have incorporated vein graft procedures in their curricula, and vein graft torsion is a common technical error made by the surgeons in these courses. To improve our understanding of the clinical reproducibility of practicing vein graft procedures in microsurgery training courses, this study aims to determine if torsion can lead to early vein graft failure in nonsurvival surgery rat models.

METHODS:

Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into five cohorts with five rats per cohort for a total of 25 rats. Cohorts …


Toothpick Perforation Of Colon Mimicking Acute Appendicitis, Jacob Wilson D.O., Adeshola Fakulujo M.D. 2019 Rowan University

Toothpick Perforation Of Colon Mimicking Acute Appendicitis, Jacob Wilson D.O., Adeshola Fakulujo M.D.

Stratford Campus Research Day

This study presents a case report of a rare complication of foreign body ingestion and offers a literature review of management options. Pre-operative imaging and clinical history was reviewed. During diagnostic laparoscopy the diagnosis of ascending colon perforation with a foreign body was made and managed with a Laparoscopic Right Hemicolectomy. Literature was reviewed for case of toothpick ingestion requiring intervention, foreign body ingestion causing perforation, and management of foreign body perforations.


Arthroscopic Medial Meniscus Transplant Utilizing A Multi-Technique Fixation, Elizabeth Ford, Michael DeFrance, Sean McMillan D.O. 2019 Rowan University

Arthroscopic Medial Meniscus Transplant Utilizing A Multi-Technique Fixation, Elizabeth Ford, Michael Defrance, Sean Mcmillan D.O.

Stratford Campus Research Day

Arthroscopic medial meniscus transplantation can be a daunting procedure for even the most skilled surgeon. While all-inside suture fixation devices have improved, the ability to successfully perform this procedure via arthroscopy is reliant upon the surgeon's ability to utilize a variety of fixation techniques. Based upon the review of the literature, this paper is the first of it's kind describing the methodology and algorithm for completing an arthroscopic medial meniscus transplant using four techniques.


Children And Their Parents’ Assessment Of Postoperative Surgical Pain: Agree Or Disagree?, Olivia Kaminsky, Michelle Fortier, Brooke N. Jenkins, Robert S. Stevenson, Jeffrey I. Gold, Jeannie Zuk, Brenda Golianu, Sherrie H. Kaplan, Zeev N. Kain 2019 University of California, Irvine

Children And Their Parents’ Assessment Of Postoperative Surgical Pain: Agree Or Disagree?, Olivia Kaminsky, Michelle Fortier, Brooke N. Jenkins, Robert S. Stevenson, Jeffrey I. Gold, Jeannie Zuk, Brenda Golianu, Sherrie H. Kaplan, Zeev N. Kain

Psychology Faculty Articles and Research

Objective

The purpose of this study is to compare postoperative pain scores between children undergoing tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A) surgery and their parents, identify potential predictors for this disagreement, and determine possible impact on analgesic administration.

Methods

This is a prospective longitudinal study conducted with children undergoing outpatient T&A in 4 major tertiary hospitals and their parents. Children and their parents were enrolled prior to surgery and completed baseline psychological instruments assessing parental anxiety (STAI), parental coping style (MBSS), child temperament (EAS) and parental medication administration attitude questionnaire (MAQ). Postoperatively, parents and children completed at-home pain severity ratings (Faces Pain …


Left Atrial Model, Borna Sobati, Sarah Porello, Tess Pate 2019 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Left Atrial Model, Borna Sobati, Sarah Porello, Tess Pate

Biomedical Engineering

The objective is to produce an electrophysiological model of an adult human left atrium. This model will be used to test mapping probe catheters used for locating cardiac arrhythmias against current technology used in practice. Dr. Chris Porterfield requested this model and other physicians or probe catheter manufacturers may also use this product in the future. Dr. Porterfield also discussed the possibility of future senior project groups using the model as a bench test for designing new catheter tips. The model will precisely simulate electrical behaviors of the heart in normal as well as arrhythmic conditions. Ideally, the model will …


Multimodality Somatostatin Analog For Fluorescence-Guided Surgery In Cancer, Servando Hernandez Vargas 2019 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences

Multimodality Somatostatin Analog For Fluorescence-Guided Surgery In Cancer, Servando Hernandez Vargas

The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Cancer surgery remains the primary curative treatment for most solid cancers and has major therapeutic implications for patients with neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). Anatomical and functional imaging technologies are widely used during the pre- and postoperative stages, but intraoperative disease recognition relies on direct visual inspection and the hands of surgeons. The limited number of clinical tools for real-time intraoperative visual feedback restricts the ability to remove the complete cancer source and is partially responsible for the high rate of disease recurrence in patients. Intraoperative imaging with fluorescent contrast agents has the potential to improve the ability of surgeons to detect …


Self-Reported Outcomes Following Cholecystectomy For Pediatric Hyperkinetic Biliary Dyskinesia, Charlene Dekonenko, Joseph A. Sujka, Robert Michael Dorman, Tolulope A. Oyetunji, Shawn D. St Peter 2019 Children's Mercy Hospital

Self-Reported Outcomes Following Cholecystectomy For Pediatric Hyperkinetic Biliary Dyskinesia, Charlene Dekonenko, Joseph A. Sujka, Robert Michael Dorman, Tolulope A. Oyetunji, Shawn D. St Peter

Posters

The aim of this study is to determine if children with hyperkinetic biliary dyskinesia have resolution of symptoms after laparoscopic cholecystectomy at our institution.

Conclusion: Cholecystectomy for hyperkinetic biliary dyskinesia may or may not improve symptoms. Further research should focus on pathophysiology of the disease in order to create an evidence-based definition of biliary dyskinesia in children to determine who will benefit from cholecystectomy.


The Effect Of Mechanical Agitator Geometry On Catheter Directed Thrombectomy, Sanghun Alex Lee 2019 Washinton University in St. Louis

The Effect Of Mechanical Agitator Geometry On Catheter Directed Thrombectomy, Sanghun Alex Lee

McKelvey School of Engineering Theses & Dissertations

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a vascular disease in which a blood clot forms inside of a vein, most often deep in the legs, groin, or arm. Two types of VTE exist, deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). DVT occurs when a clot in a deep vein forms, risking embolism and causing swelling as the clot obstructs blood flow. An embolism occurs when a part or all the thrombus breaks off and travels in the circulation, getting lodged in the lungs. A pulmonary embolism is a very serious medical condition and can be fatal if not treated immediately. Current …


Ultra-High Field Magnetic Resonance Imaging For Stereotactic Neurosurgery, Jonathan Lau 2019 The University of Western Ontario

Ultra-High Field Magnetic Resonance Imaging For Stereotactic Neurosurgery, Jonathan Lau

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Stereotactic neurosurgery is a subspecialty within neurosurgery concerned with accurate targeting of brain structures. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a specific type of stereotaxy in which electrodes are implanted in deep brain structures. It has proven therapeutic efficacy in Parkinson’s disease and Essential Tremor, but with an expanding number of indications under evaluation including Alzheimer’s disease, depression, epilepsy, and obesity, many more Canadians with chronic health conditions may benefit. Accurate surgical targeting is crucial with millimeter deviations resulting in unwanted side effects including muscle contractions, or worse, vessel injury. Lack of adequate visualization of surgical targets with conventional lower field …


Aortoduodenal Fistula Forms From Primary Aortic Stump Graft In A Two-Time Multi-Visceral Transplant Patient With Presentation Of Gastrointestinal Bleed And Bowel Perforation: A Case Report, Brielle Corrente 2019 Duquesne University

Aortoduodenal Fistula Forms From Primary Aortic Stump Graft In A Two-Time Multi-Visceral Transplant Patient With Presentation Of Gastrointestinal Bleed And Bowel Perforation: A Case Report, Brielle Corrente

Graduate Student Research Symposium

Usually not diagnosed until open laparotomy, aortoduodenalfistulas (ADF) are one of the rarest complications of intestinal transplant surgery. With an incidence rate of only 0.04% at autopsy and only 250 documented cases since the early 1800’s, aortoduodenal fistulas are the most deadly complications of intestinal transplantation with a mortality rate of 100% without surgical intervention. A 39 year old, two-time multi-visceral transplant African American female patient suffered from a primary aortoduodenal fistula formation in a primary modified multi-visceral transplant aortic stump graft site. With emergency open laparotomy repair, revascularization of the secondary multi-visceral transplant was performed, saving the life of …


Management Of Patients With Brain Metastases From Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer And Adverse Prognostic Features: Multi-National Radiation Treatment Recommendations Are Heterogeneous, Minesh Mehta 2019 Baptist Health Medical Group; Miami Cancer Institute

Management Of Patients With Brain Metastases From Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer And Adverse Prognostic Features: Multi-National Radiation Treatment Recommendations Are Heterogeneous, Minesh Mehta

All Publications

No abstract provided.


Npo Or Ama? Patients Allowed Clear Liquids Up To 2 Hours Pre-Procedure Have Equivalent Aspiration Risk And Increased Patient Satisfaction, Erich Smith 2019 University of Wayne State Medical School

Npo Or Ama? Patients Allowed Clear Liquids Up To 2 Hours Pre-Procedure Have Equivalent Aspiration Risk And Increased Patient Satisfaction, Erich Smith

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A critical appraisal and clinical application of Itou K, Fukuyama T, Sasabuchi Y, et al. Safety and efficacy of oral rehydration therapy until 2 h before surgery: a multicenter randomized controlled trial. Journal of Anesthesia. 2012;26(1):20-27. doi: 10.1007/s00540-011-1261-x.


Implantation Of Left Ventricular Assist Device In The Setting Of Heavily Calcified Left Ventricular Apex Using An Apex Preserving Technique, Ismael A. Salas De Armas, Mehmet H. Akay, Jayeshkumar A. Patel, Chandni Patel, Manish K. Patel, Bindu Akkanti, Biswajit Kar, Igor D. Gregoric 2019 The University of Texas Health Science Center-Houston

Implantation Of Left Ventricular Assist Device In The Setting Of Heavily Calcified Left Ventricular Apex Using An Apex Preserving Technique, Ismael A. Salas De Armas, Mehmet H. Akay, Jayeshkumar A. Patel, Chandni Patel, Manish K. Patel, Bindu Akkanti, Biswajit Kar, Igor D. Gregoric

The VAD Journal

A heavily calcified ventricular apex represents a challenging, rare and unique situation in LVAD implantation. A 44-year-old male was admitted with myocardial infarction. Left heart catheterization was complicated by episodes of ventricular fibrillation. After an acute stabilization with veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO), an LVAD implantation was approved. Pre-operative work-up had shown a heavily calcified ventricular apex and an intraventricular thrombus, which was confirmed intraoperatively. To retain a viable ventricular geometry, the decision was made to preserve the calcified apex rather than to excise the entire calcified left ventricular aneurysm. Sutures for the inlet cannula were placed around the calcific …


Autologous Peripheral Nerve Grafts To The Brain For The Treatment Of Parkinson's Disease, Andrew Welleford 2019 University of Kentucky

Autologous Peripheral Nerve Grafts To The Brain For The Treatment Of Parkinson's Disease, Andrew Welleford

Theses and Dissertations--Neuroscience

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a disorder of the nervous system that causes problems with movement (motor symptoms) as well as other problems such as mood disorders, cognitive changes, sleep disorders, constipation, pain, and other non-motor symptoms. The severity of PD symptoms worsens over time as the disease progresses, and while there are treatments for the motor and some non-motor symptoms there is no known cure for PD. Thus there is a high demand for therapies to slow the progressive neurodegeneration observed in PD. Two clinical trials at the University of Kentucky College of Medicine (NCT02369003, NCT01833364) are currently underway that …


Development Of A Descriptive Model Of Flow Disruption Effect On Bypass Time In A Cardiovascular Operating Room, Timothy J. Disher 2019 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Development Of A Descriptive Model Of Flow Disruption Effect On Bypass Time In A Cardiovascular Operating Room, Timothy J. Disher

Doctoral Dissertations and Master's Theses

The current paper proposes utilizing extant flow disruption data, collected from two cardiovascular operating rooms, and utilizing that to develop a mathematical model. Of particular interest is bypass time which is a critical surgical phase, the length of which has been linked to post-operation complications such as hospital-borne infections and readmission. By developing a model that predicts bypass time, the present research can determine the impact by types of flow disruptions – coded based on the RIPCHORD-TWA taxonomy, team member disrupted, and where in the surgery the FD occurs.

After a review of literature, a variety of models were explored …


Long Term Outcomes Of On-Pump Cabg Versus Off-Pump Cabg, Christopher Fetrow, Jessalyn Dickerson 2018 James Madison University

Long Term Outcomes Of On-Pump Cabg Versus Off-Pump Cabg, Christopher Fetrow, Jessalyn Dickerson

Physician Assistant Capstones, 2016 to 2019

Objective: Assess the long-term outcomes including mortality, revascularization and myocardial infarction events to determine whether off-pump CABG is more effective for patients compared to on-pump CABG procedures.

Methods: Studies were found using PubMed with the search term, “on and off pump CABG” which yielded 1736 studies. After assessing for records within 5 years the search was narrowed to 370 articles and then down to 353 because some articles were not available in full-text. Our search was then divided into first looking at randomized control trials and meta-analysis availability from the 353 articles meeting our criteria. After narrowing our search for …


Change In Brain Volume And Cortical Thickness After Behavioral And Surgical Weight Loss Intervention, Cara Bohon, Allan Geliebter 2018 Touro College

Change In Brain Volume And Cortical Thickness After Behavioral And Surgical Weight Loss Intervention, Cara Bohon, Allan Geliebter

Lander College of Arts and Sciences Publications and Research

Obesity is associated with reduced cortical thickness and brain volume, which may be related to poor nutrition. Given that brain atrophy in anorexia nervosa recovers with nutritional improvements and weight gain, it is worth examining how brain structure changes at the other end of the weight spectrum with weight loss. Thus, this study aimed to examine change in cortical thickness and brain volume in 47 patients with severe obesity who participated in no treatment, behavioral weight loss, or bariatric surgery. T1-weighted MRI scans were conducted pre-treatment and approximately four months later. Measures of cortical thickness, gray matter volume, and white …


Tibiotalar Arthrodesis: Development Of A Novel Jig And Alignment Guide, Adam Mathew Ropchan 2018 The University of Western Ontario

Tibiotalar Arthrodesis: Development Of A Novel Jig And Alignment Guide, Adam Mathew Ropchan

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Tibiotalar arthrodesis is a surgical procedure, used for the treatment of end-stage ankle arthrosis and instability. There are dozens of described procedures in the literature, all with varying rates of success. Two of the most common reasons for reoperation in tibiotalar arthrodesis are nonunion and infection; few studies have established any associations between patient/surgical factors and reoperation for nonunion and infection.

The first part of this thesis focuses on determining the rate of reoperation to the ipsilateral lower limb and if any patient/surgical factors are associated with reoperation for nonunion and infection. The second part of this thesis turns attention …


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