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Other Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment Commons

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Evaluation Of Body Fat Prediction Equations From A Portable A-Mode Ultrasound (Bodymetrix) Compared To Bod Pod, R. Stephan Lowry 2019 Utah State University

Evaluation Of Body Fat Prediction Equations From A Portable A-Mode Ultrasound (Bodymetrix) Compared To Bod Pod, R. Stephan Lowry

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

A-mode ultrasound is a relatively inexpensive and noninvasive way of measuring subcutaneous fat thickness and estimating body fat percentage (%BF). The BodyMetrix BX2000 A-mode ultrasound is programmed with nine different equations that can be used to estimate %BF. The purpose of this study was to compare the %BF estimation from all nine equations available for adult males in this ultrasound system to the %BF estimation from Bod Pod air displacement plethysmography. Ultrasound measures were taken at 10 body sites on 42 males of varying age (28.6 ± 11.9 y), height (182.4 ± 7.6 cm), weight (84.5 ± 16 ...


Effects Of Exercise On Eeg Activity And Standard Tools Used To Assess Concussion, David M Devilbiss, Jena L Etnoyer-Slaski, Emily Dunn, Christopher R Dussourd, Mayuresh V Kothare, Stephen J Martino, Adam J Simon 2019 Rowan University

Effects Of Exercise On Eeg Activity And Standard Tools Used To Assess Concussion, David M Devilbiss, Jena L Etnoyer-Slaski, Emily Dunn, Christopher R Dussourd, Mayuresh V Kothare, Stephen J Martino, Adam J Simon

School of Osteopathic Medicine Faculty Scholarship

A variety of cognitive assessment tools are used to determine the functional status of the brain before and after injury in athletes. Questionnaires, neuropsychological tests, and electroencephalographic (EEG) measures have been recently used to directly assess brain function on and near the playing field. However, exercise can affect cognitive performance and EEG measures of cortical activity. To date, little empirical evidence exists on the effects of acute exercise on these measures of neurological function. We therefore quantified athlete performance on a standardized battery of concussion assessment tools and EEG measurements immediately before and after acute exercise to simulate conditions of ...


Serum Markers Of Bone Fragility In Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus, Rucsandra Dănciulescu Miulescu, Loreta Guja, Lavinia Claudia Ochiana, Anca Ungurianu, Oana Cristina Șeremet, Emil Ștefănescu 2019 Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania

Serum Markers Of Bone Fragility In Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus, Rucsandra Dănciulescu Miulescu, Loreta Guja, Lavinia Claudia Ochiana, Anca Ungurianu, Oana Cristina Șeremet, Emil Ștefănescu

Journal of Mind and Medical Sciences

Patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have normal or increased bone mineral density (BMD) but despite that, they are characterized by an increased hip and vertebral fracture risk that involves the alteration of bone quality and not the reduction in bone mass. BMD is utilized for the diagnosis and evaluation of osteoporosis, but BMD itself cannot provide an accurate diagnosis of the individuals at increased risk of fracture and, therefore, studies have focused on identifying other risk factors that are partially or fully independent of BMD.

The fracture risk score tool-FRAX® models provide information about a 10-year probability of osteoporotic ...


The Relationship Between Biological And Psychosocial Risk Factors And Resting‐State Functional Connectivity In 2‐Monthold Bangladeshi Infants: A Feasibility And Pilot Study, Ted K. Turesky, Sarah K.G. Jensen, Xi Yu, Swapna Kumar, Yingying Wang, Danielle D. Sliva, Borjan Gagoski, Joseph Sanfilippo, Lilla Zöllei, Emma Boyd, Rashidul Haque, Shahria Hafiz Kakon, Nazrul Islam, William A. Petri Jr., Charles A. Nelson, Nadine Gaab 2019 Boston Children’s Hospital & Harvard Medical School

The Relationship Between Biological And Psychosocial Risk Factors And Resting‐State Functional Connectivity In 2‐Monthold Bangladeshi Infants: A Feasibility And Pilot Study, Ted K. Turesky, Sarah K.G. Jensen, Xi Yu, Swapna Kumar, Yingying Wang, Danielle D. Sliva, Borjan Gagoski, Joseph Sanfilippo, Lilla Zöllei, Emma Boyd, Rashidul Haque, Shahria Hafiz Kakon, Nazrul Islam, William A. Petri Jr., Charles A. Nelson, Nadine Gaab

Center for Brain, Biology and Behavior: Papers & Publications

Childhood poverty has been associated with structural and functional alterations in the developing brain. However, poverty does not alter brain development directly, but acts through associated biological or psychosocial risk factors (e.g. malnutrition, family conflict). Yet few studies have investigated risk factors in the context of infant neurodevelopment, and none have done so in low‐resource settings such as Bangladesh, where children are exposed to multiple, severe biological and psychosocial hazards. In this feasibility and pilot study, usable resting‐state fMRI data were acquired in infants from extremely poor (n = 16) and (relatively) more affluent (n = 16) families in ...


Prognosis Of Patients With Aki After Percutaneous Mechanical Thrombectomy: A Retrospective Cohort Analysis, Hongchuan H. Coville MD, Tien-Min Lee MD, Hong Liang, Paul Alfino MD, Christopher Bray MD, Matthew Calestino MD 2019 HCA Healthcare

Prognosis Of Patients With Aki After Percutaneous Mechanical Thrombectomy: A Retrospective Cohort Analysis, Hongchuan H. Coville Md, Tien-Min Lee Md, Hong Liang, Paul Alfino Md, Christopher Bray Md, Matthew Calestino Md

Internal Medicine

Percutaneous Mechanical Thrombectomy (PMT) is an endovascular procedure utilized in both arterial and venous thrombosis. Acute kidney injury (AKI) has been recognized as one undesired sequela of PMT. There is no study to investigate the outcomes in this specific patient population.


Assessment Of The Potential Use Of Recombinant Baculovirus-Expressed Lassa Virus Nucleoprotein As A Serodiagnostic Antigen, Sahiba Grover 2019 Kansas State University Libraries

Assessment Of The Potential Use Of Recombinant Baculovirus-Expressed Lassa Virus Nucleoprotein As A Serodiagnostic Antigen, Sahiba Grover

Kansas State University Undergraduate Research Conference

Lassa virus is an arenavirus causing a disseminated systemic primary viral infection. This virus causes Lassa fever which is a viral hemorrhagic fever endemic in West Africa and is responsible for the deaths of thousands of people each year. There is a possibility for the Lassa virus to be introduced into the US and used as a biological weapon with the potential to harm a large-scale population. Because of increasing international travel, a sizeable burden from the disease, and its potential use for biological warfare, it is necessary to develop sensitive diagnostic assays to accurately detect virus infections and mitigate ...


Comparing The Effects Of Tissue Flossing And Instrument Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization On Ankle Dorsiflexion, Sean Carlson, Garrett Rife, Zachary Williams 2019 Cedarville University

Comparing The Effects Of Tissue Flossing And Instrument Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization On Ankle Dorsiflexion, Sean Carlson, Garrett Rife, Zachary Williams

The Research and Scholarship Symposium (2013-2019)

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the claimed effects of a new technique called Tissue Flossing and compare those effects with Instrument Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization, or IASTM. Background: Tissue flossing is a relatively new technique that utilizes a large rubber band that is wrapped around the involved joint. Once applied, range of motion exercises are completed, and the band is removed. The goal is to increase joint range of motion. IASTM involves using a specialized tool to scrape an effected muscle or tendon of the body. The goal is to reduce any adhesions or scar tissue ...


Plantar Fasciitis: Steroid Injections Vs. Prp Injections, Abigail R. Snyder 2019 Cedarville University

Plantar Fasciitis: Steroid Injections Vs. Prp Injections, Abigail R. Snyder

The Research and Scholarship Symposium (2013-2019)

Plantar fasciitis is a common complaint of many people at some point throughout their lifetime. The aim of this presentation is to provide an in-depth clinical review and comparison of two treatment options for chronic plantar fasciitis; steroid injections and platelet-rich plasma injections. Acute cases of plantar fasciitis are caused by inflammation of the plantar fascia of the foot. Therefore, common initial treatments include stretching of the calf muscle, stretching of the plantar fascia itself, rest, use of night splints, and orthotics. However, for some people these conservative treatments fail. In those situations, the pain is assumed to be caused ...


Effects Of Horticultural Therapy In Long Term Care Facilities On Behavioral And Psychological Symptoms Of Dementia, Morgan Scearce 2019 Longwood University

Effects Of Horticultural Therapy In Long Term Care Facilities On Behavioral And Psychological Symptoms Of Dementia, Morgan Scearce

Spring Showcase for Research and Creative Inquiry

My project outlines how horticultural therapy could be used as an intervention to help with the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia. I have created a model that can be viewed on my poster outlining the process of how to conduct a horticultural therapy intervention properly and the positive effects that would come from the intervention


Telehealth And Rehabilitation: Extending Occupational Therapy Services To Rural Mississippi, Melody M. Burrage 2019 University of Southern Mississippi

Telehealth And Rehabilitation: Extending Occupational Therapy Services To Rural Mississippi, Melody M. Burrage

School of Education Doctoral Projects

The purpose of this study was to assess healthcare providers’ perceptions, attitudes, and knowledge of occupational therapy telehealth services in rural areas of Mississippi. The results of the study have the potential to impact patients’ awareness of alternative methods to receiving occupational therapy and increase healthcare providers’ referral to occupational therapy telehealth services in rural Mississippi. Rural healthcare providers in Mississippi were surveyed. Of the 165 remote connections identified on the University of Mississippi Medical Center’s telehealth website, 48 were selected for the study. An additional eight healthcare providers were recruited through contact from the Mississippi Office of Rural ...


Availability And Nursing Implementation Of Measurement Tools In The Co-Occurrence Of Depression And Chronic Pain: An Integrative Literature Review, Ashley Thomas 2019 DePaul University

Availability And Nursing Implementation Of Measurement Tools In The Co-Occurrence Of Depression And Chronic Pain: An Integrative Literature Review, Ashley Thomas

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Availability and Nursing Implementation of Measurement Tools in the Co-Occurrence of Depression and Chronic Pain: An Integrative Literature Review

Ashley Thomas

Faculty Sponsor: Barbara Harris

Background: There is high correlation between chronic pain and depression. They are seen throughout the literature to interact and feedback symptoms upon each other. However, there is not a comprehensive screening tool that assess both symptoms and not a clear indication of nursing responsibility in assessment of the co-occurrence.

Objectives: The purpose of this literature review is to create a comprehensive review of current research concerning the availability of screening tools that measure the co-occurrence ...


Visual Contributions To Balance Control During Gait, Kyle Brozek 2019 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Visual Contributions To Balance Control During Gait, Kyle Brozek

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

We propose to isolate the contributions of continuous OF to the orthogonal relationship between balance and gait control during treadmill walking using a series of conditions. Manipulating the direction of OF using a CAREN (Motek Medical, Amsterdam, Netherlands) virtual reality treadmill environment will isolate these visual contributions in human subjects as they walk. We plan to tease out the effect of OF direction on the relationship between gait and balance control by having healthy young adults perform a series of treadmill walking trials while immersed in a VR environment. This will be done by manipulating the direction of walking and ...


Division I Collegiate Male Basketball Player Post-Surgical Cai With Bone Spur Excision: A Case Report, Jacqueline Gutierrez 2019 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Division I Collegiate Male Basketball Player Post-Surgical Cai With Bone Spur Excision: A Case Report, Jacqueline Gutierrez

Student Research and Creative Activity Fair

A Division I basketball player planted his foot and injured his ankle. He had a significant history of repeated lateral ankle sprains and was evaluated as having a grade 2 ankle sprain. He was referred for imaging revealing significant damage to a variety of tissues including a talar osteochondral defect and joint degeneration. He opted for surgical repair, however, post-surgical rehabilitation did not improve the athlete and a secondary procedure was necessary to correct complications. The initial procedure was successful to repair ligamentous stability of the joint. But was not sufficient to fully restore the joint to full function.


Applications Of Supervised Machine Learning In Autism Spectrum Disorder Research: A Review, Kayleigh K. Hyde, Marlena N. Novack, Nicholas LaHaye, Chelsea Parlett-Pelleriti, Raymond Anden, Dennis R. Dixon, Erik Linstead 2019 Chapman University

Applications Of Supervised Machine Learning In Autism Spectrum Disorder Research: A Review, Kayleigh K. Hyde, Marlena N. Novack, Nicholas Lahaye, Chelsea Parlett-Pelleriti, Raymond Anden, Dennis R. Dixon, Erik Linstead

Engineering Faculty Articles and Research

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) research has yet to leverage "big data" on the same scale as other fields; however, advancements in easy, affordable data collection and analysis may soon make this a reality. Indeed, there has been a notable increase in research literature evaluating the effectiveness of machine learning for diagnosing ASD, exploring its genetic underpinnings, and designing effective interventions. This paper provides a comprehensive review of 45 papers utilizing supervised machine learning in ASD, including algorithms for classification and text analysis. The goal of the paper is to identify and describe supervised machine learning trends in ASD literature as ...


Industry Spotlight: Medical Devices, Evan D. Poff 2019 Brigham Young University

Industry Spotlight: Medical Devices, Evan D. Poff

Marriott Student Review

Medical devices restore and even redefine health. This Industry Spotlight examines pre-market barriers, medtech business model quirks, current and future developments in the field, and the present-day move to value-based care in the medical device industry.


Non-Contact Trapping And Stretching Of Biological Cells Using Dual-Beam Optical Stretcher On Microfluidic Platform, Aotuo Dong, Balaadithya Uppalapati, Shariful Islam, Brandon Gibbs, Ganesan Kamatchi, Sacharia Albin, Makarand Deo 2019 Old Dominion University

Non-Contact Trapping And Stretching Of Biological Cells Using Dual-Beam Optical Stretcher On Microfluidic Platform, Aotuo Dong, Balaadithya Uppalapati, Shariful Islam, Brandon Gibbs, Ganesan Kamatchi, Sacharia Albin, Makarand Deo

Electrical & Computer Engineering Faculty Publications

Optical stretcher is a tool in which two counter-propagating, slightly diverging, and identical laser beams are used to trap and axially stretch microparticles in the path of light. In this work, we utilized the dual-beam optical stretcher setup to trap and stretch human embryonic kidney (HEK) cells and mammalian breast cancer (MBC) cells. Experiments were performed by exposing the HEK cells to counter-propagating laser beams for 30 seconds at powers ranging from 100 mW to 561 mW. It was observed that the percentage of cell deformation increased from 16.7% at 100 mW to 40.5% at 561 mW optical ...


Confirmatory Factor Analysis Of Two Computerized Neuropsychological Test Batteries: Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment And Cognitive Test (Impact) And C3 Logix, Caitlin Masterson, Julie Tuttle, Arthur C. Maerlender 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Confirmatory Factor Analysis Of Two Computerized Neuropsychological Test Batteries: Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment And Cognitive Test (Impact) And C3 Logix, Caitlin Masterson, Julie Tuttle, Arthur C. Maerlender

Center for Brain, Biology and Behavior: Papers & Publications

Introduction: Tests of memory and speed of cognitive and motor responses have been the primary foci in sports-related concussion assessment. This study sought to assess the construct validity of neuropsychological tests within C3 Logix.

Method: Results of both baseline C3 Logix and the Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Test (ImPACT) computerized tests from 86 Division I collegiate athletes were submitted to a two-factor confirmatory analysis using structural equation modeling. The two factors of Speed and Memory have been confirmed in previous studies of ImPACT.

Results: Results confirmed the two-factor model of ImPACT, whereas C3 Logix did not conform to a ...


Non-Human Animals Providing Rescue In Medical Emergencies, Rainer Spiegel 2019 University of Tuebingen (Germany), BG Trauma Hospital Tuebingen

Non-Human Animals Providing Rescue In Medical Emergencies, Rainer Spiegel

Animal Sentience

In their target article, Chapman & Huffman challenge the quotation of Sir William Osler that the desire to take medication distinguishes humans from non-human animals. They provide examples of self-medication in non-human animals. Based on these examples, it can be inferred that non-human animals practice at least some form of medicine for symptom control. I would like to extend this view by showing that non-human animals not only provide self-medication, but also rescue others facing emergencies.


Three-Dimensional Echocardiographic Analysis Of The Equine Aortic Valve, Amber McElhinney 2019 University of New Hampshire, Durham

Three-Dimensional Echocardiographic Analysis Of The Equine Aortic Valve, Amber Mcelhinney

Honors Theses and Capstones

This research focused on 3D echocardiography of the aortic valve (AV) in horses. Aortic regurgitation (AR) can be a common finding in older horses, and in severe cases can result in decreased performance and even sudden cardiac death. Standard AR diagnosis includes 2D echocardiography from the right side of the horse. Three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) records a pyramid of tissue, showing structures in the heart difficult to visualize in 2D methods, and can be more accurate as it does not rely as heavily on placement of the transducer. Nine images of normal AV’s were assessed, and still frames of anatomical ...


Concussion Competencies: A Training Model For School-Based Concussion Management, Arthur C. Maerlender, Jonathan D. Lichtenstein, Jennifer Parent-Nichols, Kate Higgins, Peggy Reisher 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Concussion Competencies: A Training Model For School-Based Concussion Management, Arthur C. Maerlender, Jonathan D. Lichtenstein, Jennifer Parent-Nichols, Kate Higgins, Peggy Reisher

Center for Brain, Biology and Behavior: Papers & Publications

This study reports on the use of ten knowledge competencies related to the behavioral management of concussion in schools. Trainings using these competencies as learning objectives were delivered to school personnel. This aims of the use of competencies in this way are to streamline the education of key stakeholders, to establish clear roles and responsibilities for constituents and equip individuals working with students following a concussion with the relevant knowledge to optimize outcomes. The majority of participants, primarily speech language pathologists working as related service providers in the schoolswhere the trainings occurred, judged the use of the competencies to be ...


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