Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Weed Science Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

768 Full-Text Articles 1272 Authors 39900 Downloads 43 Institutions

All Articles in Weed Science

Faceted Search

768 full-text articles. Page 1 of 16.

Comparison Of Soil-Applied And Postemergence Herbicides With Multiple Sites Of Herbicidal Activity On Two Populations Of Herbicide-Resistant Palmer Amaranth In Kentucky, Nicholas J. Fleitz 2018 University of Kentucky

Comparison Of Soil-Applied And Postemergence Herbicides With Multiple Sites Of Herbicidal Activity On Two Populations Of Herbicide-Resistant Palmer Amaranth In Kentucky, Nicholas J. Fleitz

Theses and Dissertations--Plant and Soil Sciences

With the introduction of herbicide resistant Palmer amaranth into Kentucky during the past 10 years there has been an increasing concern for effective control measures in grain production. Field trials were performed in 2016 and 2017 near Barlow and Paris, KY to determine efficacy of chemical control programs targeting herbicide resistant Palmer amaranth. Percent visual control, effects on plant density and plant height were measured in 2016 to determine treatment effectiveness. Treatments containing four different sites of herbicide activity achieved an average of 98% control. Treatments containing only 3, 2 or 1 site of activity only achieved 64%, 45% and ...


Comprehensive Control Of Sericea Lespedeza With Four Consecutive Years Of Prescribed Fire During Summer, J. A. Alexander, W. H. Fick, J. Lemmon, G. A. Gatson, K C. Olson 2018 Kansas State University, Manhattan

Comprehensive Control Of Sericea Lespedeza With Four Consecutive Years Of Prescribed Fire During Summer, J. A. Alexander, W. H. Fick, J. Lemmon, G. A. Gatson, K C. Olson

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of annual prescribed burning applied during the growing season on vigor of sericea lespedeza (Lespedeza cuneata) infesting native tallgrass range.

Study Description: We burned nine fire-management units (14 ± 6 acres) at one of three prescribed-burning times: early spring (April 1), mid-summer (August 1), or late summer (September 1). Effects on sericea lespedeza were evaluated annually on July 10, October 10, and November 1.

The Bottom Line: Compared to traditional spring, dormant-season burning, burning during the summer months over four consecutive years resulted in significant decreases in aerial frequency, stem ...


Sericea Lespedeza Control From Growing-Season Prescribed Burning Causes No Collateral Damage To Non-Target Species, J. A. Alexander, W. H. Fick, J. Lemmon, G. A. Gatson, K C. Olson 2018 Kansas State University, Manhattan

Sericea Lespedeza Control From Growing-Season Prescribed Burning Causes No Collateral Damage To Non-Target Species, J. A. Alexander, W. H. Fick, J. Lemmon, G. A. Gatson, K C. Olson

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of 4 consecutive years of prescribed fire applied to native tallgrass range in either April, August, or September on forage biomass production, soil cover, and basal plant cover.

Study Description: Nine fire-management units (14 ± 6 acres) were burned at 1 of 3 prescribed times: early spring (April 1), mid-summer (August 1), or late summer (September 1). Plant species composition and soil cover were assessed annually each July using a modified step-point technique.

The Bottom Line: Burning during the summer for 4 consecutive years resulted in excellent control of sericea ...


Late Summer Prescribed Fire And Fall Herbicide Application Show Strong Suppressive Effects On Sericea Lespedeza Frequency And Vigor, G. A. Gatson, W. H. Fick, W. W. Hsu, K C. Olson 2018 Kansas State University, Manhattan

Late Summer Prescribed Fire And Fall Herbicide Application Show Strong Suppressive Effects On Sericea Lespedeza Frequency And Vigor, G. A. Gatson, W. H. Fick, W. W. Hsu, K C. Olson

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a one-time application of late summer prescribed fire followed by fall herbicide application for substantially reducing sericea lespedeza frequency and vigor.

Study Description: A single 80-acre native tallgrass pasture was divided into 16 units. Each of these units was either burned in early September (burn only), sprayed with Escort XP (DuPont, Wilmington, DE) in late September (spray only), burned in early September and subsequently sprayed in late September (burn + spray), or neither burned nor sprayed (control). Sericea lespedeza frequency and vigor was measured shortly before treatment application and ...


Sericea Lespedeza Control Strategies Differ In Their Impacts On Overall Range Health And Native Plant Species Composition, G. A. Gatson, W. H. Fick, W. W. Hsu, K C. Olson 2018 Kansas State University, Manhattan

Sericea Lespedeza Control Strategies Differ In Their Impacts On Overall Range Health And Native Plant Species Composition, G. A. Gatson, W. H. Fick, W. W. Hsu, K C. Olson

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of sericea lespedeza (Lespedeza cuneata) control strategies of late summer prescribed burning and fall her­bicide application on soil cover, native plant populations, and biological diversity.

Study Description: We established 16 individual units within an 80-acre native tallgrass pasture. Each unit was assigned to 1 of 4 treatments: control, spray only, burn only, or burn-plus-spray. Burn only and burn-plus-spray units were burned in early September. Spray only and burn-plus-spray units were sprayed with metsulfuron methyl (Escort XP, DuPont, Wilmington, DE) in late September. The change in soil cover and ...


Use Of An Alternative Natural Weed Suppressant: Effects Of Parboiled Rice Hill Mulch On The Growth Of Container Weeds, Amy R. Fields-Taylor, Vanessa Slinger-Friedman 2017 Kennesaw State University

Use Of An Alternative Natural Weed Suppressant: Effects Of Parboiled Rice Hill Mulch On The Growth Of Container Weeds, Amy R. Fields-Taylor, Vanessa Slinger-Friedman

The Kennesaw Journal of Undergraduate Research

The Chattahoochee Nature Center (CNC) is one of the leading educational centers in Georgia about the ecology of the Chattahoochee River. Due to lack of man power, keeping down the weeds in the CNC plant nursery is one of those tasks that often gets left undone. The nursery becomes overgrown with invasive weed species. Understandably, they must sometimes resort to the use of herbicides, such as Roundup®, to keep the hundreds of native and endangered species of plants housed at CNC from being choked out by invasive weeds. This study tests the ability to suppress weed growth by use of ...


Characterization Of Glyphosate-Resistant Amaranthus Palmeri (Palmer Amaranth) Tolerance To Als- And Hppd-Inhibiting Herbicides, Shilpa Singh 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Characterization Of Glyphosate-Resistant Amaranthus Palmeri (Palmer Amaranth) Tolerance To Als- And Hppd-Inhibiting Herbicides, Shilpa Singh

Theses and Dissertations

Palmer amaranth is a principal weed problem across the United States and is resistant to several herbicide modes of action. By 2008, Palmer amaranth in Arkansas was reported to be resistant to both ALS- and EPSPS-inhibitors, but the predominant resistance mechanisms are yet to be explored. Herbicide options with different modes of action are needed to provide effective Palmer amaranth control and HPPD-inhibitors (e.g. mesotrione) are among these. The goal of this research was to elucidate the resistance profile of Palmer amaranth in Arkansas to ALS herbicides and glyphosate (EPSPS-inhibitor) as well as evaluate the differential tolerance of Palmer ...


Back To The Basics: Integrating Weed Biology Into Weed Management Plans, Jared Goplen, Lisa Behnken, Ryan Miller, Liz Stahl 2017 University of Minnesota

Back To The Basics: Integrating Weed Biology Into Weed Management Plans, Jared Goplen, Lisa Behnken, Ryan Miller, Liz Stahl

Integrated Crop Management Conference

Herbicide-resistant giant ragweed and waterhemp continue to spread across the midwestern U.S. and are occurring more frequently in the same fields, making control with herbicides especially difficult. Weed biology is one of the most important factors to consider when developing a successful weed management program, with three main factors influencing success: 1) weed emergence patterns, 2) the weed seed bank, and 3) incorporating sound agronomic practices.


Dicamba Injury And Insurance, Ray Massey 2017 University of Missouri

Dicamba Injury And Insurance, Ray Massey

Integrated Crop Management Conference

Multiperil crop insurance, such as Revenue Protection and Yield Protection, and General Liability Insurance have both been involved in cases where 3rd party damage from herbicide applications occurs.


Dicamba: Past, Present, And Future, Bob Hartzler 2017 Iowa State University

Dicamba: Past, Present, And Future, Bob Hartzler

Integrated Crop Management Conference

Dicamba has been an important component of Iowa weed management systems for more than 50 years. The history of its use is somewhat unique in that its popularity has ebbed and flowed over time. The increase in herbicide resistant weeds combined with the introduction of dicamba-resistant soybean (Xtend) promises a large increase in dicamba use in both corn and soybean. This article will review the characteristics of dicamba that differentiate it from other herbicides, provide an overview of problems observed in 2017, and describe how risks can be minimized in 2018.


Weed Management Update For 2018 And Beyond: The More Things Change, Micheal D. K. Owen 2017 Iowa State University

Weed Management Update For 2018 And Beyond: The More Things Change, Micheal D. K. Owen

Integrated Crop Management Conference

Again there are no new herbicides with novel mechanisms of action and none are anticipated in the near future. Weed management issues were very evident in 2017 and weed populations with evolved resistance(s) to herbicides continued to escalate statewide. Palmer amaranth populations have been identified in many new Iowa counties and it is likely that populations will eventually be identified in all Iowa counties. Weed management remains a major concern for Iowa agriculture and addressing these burgeoning problems requires greater diversity of tactics beyond herbicides.


Evaluation Of Very-Long-Chain Fatty Acid-Inhibiting Herbicides In Arkansas Rice Production, John Ansley Godwin 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Evaluation Of Very-Long-Chain Fatty Acid-Inhibiting Herbicides In Arkansas Rice Production, John Ansley Godwin

Theses and Dissertations

Because of the evolution of herbicide-resistant weeds, such as barnyardgrass and red rice in rice, there is a need for alternative herbicide sites of action. Very-long-chain fatty acid (VLCFA)-inhibiting herbicides are not labeled for use in U.S. rice production; however, this site of action (SOA) has been used with success in Asian rice. The VLCFA-inhibiting herbicides pethoxamid, pyroxasulfone, acetochlor, and S-metolachlor were evaluated for rice tolerance and control of commonly problematic weeds in Arkansas rice at various rates and application timings. Pyroxasulfone and S-metolachlor were deemed unfit for use in rice production because of negative effects on rice ...


Impact Of Automated Guidance For Mechanical Control Of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds In Corn, Terry Griffin, James M. Lowenberg-DeBoer 2017 Kansas State University

Impact Of Automated Guidance For Mechanical Control Of Herbicide-Resistant Weeds In Corn, Terry Griffin, James M. Lowenberg-Deboer

Journal of Applied Farm Economics

This study evaluated the feasibility of reintroducing mechanical weed control as an alternative for herbicide-resistance weed infestations. The production practice tested included row cultivation with a separate banded spray application using high-accuracy automated guidance systems. A range of ground speeds were tested for the row cultivation operation, each with a different per acre cost and timeliness penalty. A typical eastern Corn Belt farm with a rotation of corn and soybean served as the base for the linear programming model. It was found that if the farmer was willing to reintroduce tillage, row cultivation conducted at higher operating speeds in conjunction ...


Giant Salvinia, Salvinia Molesta (Salviniaceae): Evaluation Of Sub-Optimum Temperatures On Survival Of The Giant Salvinia Weevil, Cyrtobagous Salviniae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) And Integration Of Management Practices With Aquatic Herbicides, Lauren W. Cozad 2017 Louisiana State University

Giant Salvinia, Salvinia Molesta (Salviniaceae): Evaluation Of Sub-Optimum Temperatures On Survival Of The Giant Salvinia Weevil, Cyrtobagous Salviniae (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) And Integration Of Management Practices With Aquatic Herbicides, Lauren W. Cozad

LSU Master's Theses

Salvinia molesta is one of the world’s worst aquatic weeds and has cost Louisiana nearly $7 million worth of damage and economic impact each year. While aquatic herbicides and the biological control agent, Cyrtobagous salviniae, are the most efficacious control methods, there are limitations with each technology. Therefore, studies were conducted to evaluate insect mortality at upper and lower lethal temperatures and investigate integrated pest management (IPM) with insects and herbicides. Three Louisiana populations of C. salviniae were tested to evaluate cold tolerance and found that at 0°C, the Bayou Nicholas population was 1.3- and 1.4-times ...


Phragmites Removal Increases Property Values In Michigan’S Lower Grand River Watershed, Paul Isely, Erik E. Nordman, Shaun Howard, Richard Bowman 2017 Grand Valley State University

Phragmites Removal Increases Property Values In Michigan’S Lower Grand River Watershed, Paul Isely, Erik E. Nordman, Shaun Howard, Richard Bowman

Journal of Ocean and Coastal Economics

The presence of Phragmites australis, an invasive wetland plant, negatively affects coastal property values and home prices rise with distance from Phragmites. Home prices increased as distance to Phragmites increased at a rate of $3.90/meter. Removing Phragmites from a property so that the next closest Phragmites was 400 m away results in a property value increase of over $1,500. Removing all Phragmites within 400 m of any property results in a total property value impact of $837,000. This generates about $13,457-$15,121 in additional property taxes each year once the prices and taxes adjust ...


Detection And Epidemic Dynamic Of Tocv And Ccyv With Bemisia Tabaci And Weed In Hainan Of China, Xin Tang, Xiaobin Shi, Deyong Zhang, Fan Li, Fei Yan, Youjun Zhang, Yong Liu, Xuguo Zhou 2017 Hunan Agricultural University, China

Detection And Epidemic Dynamic Of Tocv And Ccyv With Bemisia Tabaci And Weed In Hainan Of China, Xin Tang, Xiaobin Shi, Deyong Zhang, Fan Li, Fei Yan, Youjun Zhang, Yong Liu, Xuguo Zhou

Entomology Faculty Publications

Background: In recent years, two of the crinivirus, Tomato chlorosis virus (ToCV) and Cucurbit chlorotic yellows virus (CCYV) have gained increasing attention due to their rapid spread and devastating impacts on vegetable production worldwide. Both of these viruses are transmitted by the sweet potato whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius), in a semi-persistent manner. Up to now, there is still lack of report in Hainan, the south of China.

Methods: We used observational and experimental methods to explore the prevalence and incidence dynamic of CCYV and ToCV transmitted by whiteflies in Hainan of China.

Results: In 2016, the chlorosis symptom was observed ...


Eight Nonhost Weed Species Of Heterodera Glycines In Iowa, A. T. S. Wong, G. L. Tylka 2017 Iowa State University

Eight Nonhost Weed Species Of Heterodera Glycines In Iowa, A. T. S. Wong, G. L. Tylka

Gregory Tylka

The ability of the soybean cyst nematode (Heterodera glycines) to reproduce on eight weed species commonly occurring in Iowa was evaluated in greenhouse and field microplot experiments. Population densities of the nematode increased on H. g/ycines-susceptible soybean but not on H. g/ycines-resistant soybean, Canada thistle, cocklebur, eastern black nightshade, giant foxtail, lambsquarters, redroot pigweed, velvetleaf, and wild sunflower. All of the weeds evaluated were nonhosts of this H. glycines race 3 population.


Response Of Glyphosate Resistant Palmer Amaranth (Amaranthus Palmeri) To Protoporphyrinogen Oxidase Inhibiting Herbicides In Tennessee, Alinna Marie Umphres 2017 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Response Of Glyphosate Resistant Palmer Amaranth (Amaranthus Palmeri) To Protoporphyrinogen Oxidase Inhibiting Herbicides In Tennessee, Alinna Marie Umphres

Doctoral Dissertations

In many agronomic cropping systems across the United States, Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) is the most economic and troublesome weed for producers. The introduction of glyphosate resistant (GR) crops gave producers the benefit of controlling Palmer amaranth as well as other weeds, a broad window of application, and reduced tillage practices. With the confirmation of GR Palmer amaranth, producers implemented protoporphyrinogen oxidase (PPO or Protox)-inhibiting herbicides to control these populations in crops such as soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] and cotton [Gossypium hirsutum (L.)]. However the continuous use of PPO herbicides has caused a shift in Palmer amaranth populations ...


Comparison Of Understory Chemical And Mechanical Treatments To Promote Regeneration Of Desirable Forestland Species, Rebecca Rachael Tyler 2017 Missouri State University

Comparison Of Understory Chemical And Mechanical Treatments To Promote Regeneration Of Desirable Forestland Species, Rebecca Rachael Tyler

MSU Graduate Theses

Invasive woody plants and trees can have a negative impact on desired tree regeneration in the understory of forest stands, and forage density in grassland sites. An assessment of chemical and mechanical treatments on woody plants in the understory of forestland and in grassland is needed. Two experiments were set up in two forest stands and in two grassland/forest edge sites, with two treatment times during the growing season in the first year of the study. On the forestland sites, chemical and mechanical treatments were applied on undesired woody plants to see if they effect the regeneration of desired ...


Some Weeds Of Iowa, L. H. Pammel 2017 Iowa State College

Some Weeds Of Iowa, L. H. Pammel

Bulletin

During the year the Department of Botany receives a great many requests for information on the subject of weeds. These requests come from all parts of the state. Many different kinds of plants are sent in. Some of course, more frequently than others. The writer at different times has given accounts of weeds in the Experiment Station Bulletins. Most of these bulletins are now out of print. It seems advisable, therefore, to re-issue a limited edition to supply the demand for information on this topic. In addition to this we have given a somewhat comprehensive account of the migration of ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress