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4,558 full-text articles. Page 7 of 175.

N-P-S Fertilizer Effects On Brute Protein Content In A Native Meadow In Tierra Del Fuego, L San Martino, E.C. E. Livraghi, M Jacob, S San Martino, E.E A. Santa Cruz 2024 Río Grande-Dir. Recursos Naturales

N-P-S Fertilizer Effects On Brute Protein Content In A Native Meadow In Tierra Del Fuego, L San Martino, E.C. E. Livraghi, M Jacob, S San Martino, E.E A. Santa Cruz

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

Fertilization may have a positive effect in improving forage quantity and quality in natural meadows of Tierra del Fuego. The objective of the present study was to estimate N-P-S fertilizer effects on forage quality. The trial was set up in 1994 on an Entic Haploborol soil characterized by low P availability (12 ppm, Truog), high N content (1.5% total N) and medium acudity (pH 5.9). A Complete Randomized Split Plot Design was used and N-P2O5-S nutrients were applied at a rate of 120-100-50 kg.ha-1 . Monthly mowing began in January and finished in April 1995. CP and IVDMD were determined. …


N-P-S Fertilizer Effects On Herbage Yield And Brute Protein Contents In An Irrigated Perennial Pasture In South Patagonia, L San Martino, H M. Espina, E Cittadini 2024 EEA Santa Cruz, Argentina

N-P-S Fertilizer Effects On Herbage Yield And Brute Protein Contents In An Irrigated Perennial Pasture In South Patagonia, L San Martino, H M. Espina, E Cittadini

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

Little research has been done to determine the effect of fertilization on irrigated pastures in Santa Cruz (South Patagonia). The objective of the present study was to estimate the effects of NPS fertilizing effects on forage yield and quality. The trial was set up in 1994 on a Borolic Haplargid soil characterized by low N content (0.00875% total N), low P availability (9 ppm Olsen) and medium alcalinity (pH 8.4). Pasture was dominated by tall fescue (95%) with 5% of alfalfa. A Complete Radom Design was used and N-P2O5-S nutrients were applied at rates of 120-100-50 kg.ha-1. Monthly mowing began …


Changes In Soil Microbial Biomass-N Under Ryegrass/White Clover Grazed Pastures Based On Symbiotic N Fixation And Fertilizer N, R Ruz, H Troncoso, L Longeri, E Jahn, I Vidal 2024 Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias.

Changes In Soil Microbial Biomass-N Under Ryegrass/White Clover Grazed Pastures Based On Symbiotic N Fixation And Fertilizer N, R Ruz, H Troncoso, L Longeri, E Jahn, I Vidal

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

Soil microbial biomass nitrogen (BN ) was periodically measured in two pastures a) grazed pastures without N fertilizer and b) grazed pastures receiving 200 kg of fertilizer N per year, respectively, during July 1993 to July 1994. Soil type was a volcanic soil Medial, thermic, Typic Distrandept. BN was highly variable and the two type of pastures showed a similar pattern of distribution, with statistical differences in only three sampling. Values of BN were lower than that found in other studies of temperate regions, but also the BN was significantly higher than the available pool of mineral N, indicating the …


Benefits Of Applying Cow Slurry In Bands Beneath Grass Canopies, S Bittman, C G. Kowalenko, O Schmidt, D E. Hunt 2024 Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada

Benefits Of Applying Cow Slurry In Bands Beneath Grass Canopies, S Bittman, C G. Kowalenko, O Schmidt, D E. Hunt

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

Efficient methods of application may enable dairy producers to use slurry manure as aoereplacement for inorganic nitrogen on grassland. This study compares the effect of slurry applied in bands beneath the grass canopy (drag-shoe) with a broadcast of slurry on top of the canopy (splash-plate), and with fertilizer nitrogen on yield of grass. Trials were conducted in spring, summer and fall of 1995 on established tall fescue in south-coastal B.C. Slurry manure was applied by drag-shoe or splash-plate at 50 and 100 kg ha-1 (nominally), at start of grass regrowth or 7-8 days later. A range of rates of NH4NO3 …


The Effect Of Fertiliser History On Nutrient Accumulation And Plant-Available Nutrient Supply In Legume-Based Pasture Soils, J L. Moir, M J. Hedley, A D. Mackay, R W. Tillman 2024 Massey University

The Effect Of Fertiliser History On Nutrient Accumulation And Plant-Available Nutrient Supply In Legume-Based Pasture Soils, J L. Moir, M J. Hedley, A D. Mackay, R W. Tillman

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

Animal production in New Zealand is dependent on pastoral legumes to build soil nitrogen fertility, which otherwise limits the growth of the major sward component, grass. Traditionally, in order to sustain legume vigour, single superphosphate has been applied to elevate soil phosphorus and sulphur levels. Rarely have either the agronomic or nutrient efficiencies of these systems been assessed. Fourteen hill country pasture sites in three broad rainfall regimes were chosen to assess the effect of contrasting fertiliser histories on soil fertility, in particular nitrogen availability. At each site soil fertility indices and pasture production for the 1993/94 growing season were …


Responses Of Red Clover To Inoculation With Endophytic Bacteria From Root Nodules, A V. Sturz, B R. Christie, B G. Matheson, J Nowak 2024 Prince Edward Island Department of Agriculture

Responses Of Red Clover To Inoculation With Endophytic Bacteria From Root Nodules, A V. Sturz, B R. Christie, B G. Matheson, J Nowak

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

The aim of this study was to identify endophytic bacteria isolated from the nodules of healthy red clover plants (Trifolium pratense L.) and to assess their effects, alone and in combination with Rhizobium, on the growth and development of red clover seedlings. Clover root nodules were host to 12 bacteria species other than rhizobia. In root bacterization experiments, root nodule bacteria often promoted in vitro growth and nodulation of red clover when applied in combination with R. leguminosarum BV trifolii. Instances of growth depression were fewer in mixed than in individual bacterial applications. Single isolate applications of Rhizobium species to …


Symbiotic Behaviour Of Alfalfa Varieties Grown In Different Soils, C Scotti, S Gnocchi, M Carelli, P Rotili 2024 Istituto Sperimentale per le Colture Foraggere

Symbiotic Behaviour Of Alfalfa Varieties Grown In Different Soils, C Scotti, S Gnocchi, M Carelli, P Rotili

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

Six alfalfa (Medicago sativa) varieties were grown in two contrasting soils to study their symbiotic ability as estimated by nodule biomass and dry matter yield in presence of the natural population of rhizobia of soil. Varieties can be discriminated on the basis of total (year) nodule biomass; their ranking for nodule biomass was consistent in the different soil types although soils significantly influenced nodulation and dry matter yield.


Long Term Effects Of Liming A Basalt-Derived Soil, On Lucerene And Phalaris Production, K.M. F. Reed, J F. Chin 2024 Agriculture Victoria, Australia

Long Term Effects Of Liming A Basalt-Derived Soil, On Lucerene And Phalaris Production, K.M. F. Reed, J F. Chin

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

Lime incorporated into a basalt-derived clay loam lowered exchangeable aluminium in soil. Soil pH was still elevated, 9 years after 2 t/ha of lime was incorporated. With lower rates of lime the density of lucerne plants declined. Lucerne yield more than doubled with lime. After six years, the area was sown to a phalaris-clover pasture. A 15% increase in the yield of phalaris was recorded from limed plots over the next three years. Despite this, 11 years after liming, herbage P concentrations increased with lime, from 0.28% to 0.35%.


Can Maize Influence The Dissolution Of Low Water Soluble Phosphorus Fertilizers?, S Sinaj, E Frossard 2024 ETH Versuchsstation,

Can Maize Influence The Dissolution Of Low Water Soluble Phosphorus Fertilizers?, S Sinaj, E Frossard

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

The objectives of this study were to evaluate the respective importance of maize (Zea mays) and soil properties on the dissolution of two sparingly soluble P fertilizers. The surface horizon of an acidic and a calcareous soils were amended with Thomas’ slag or phosphate rock and were either incubated or cultivated with maize. Maize cultivation increased the rate of dissolution of both fertilizers in both soils. Its influence remained limited compared to fertilizer dissolution in the incubated acidic soil. In the calcareous soil, however, the presence of maize increased significantly the rate of fertilizer dissolution compared to that observed in …


Phosphorus Availability, Defoliation Tolerance, And Genetic Differentiation In White Clover, D F. Chapman 2024 University of Melbourne

Phosphorus Availability, Defoliation Tolerance, And Genetic Differentiation In White Clover, D F. Chapman

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

The genetic composition of mixed populations of white clover growing in low fertility, grass-dominant hill pastures was estimated four and eight years after populations were established. Populations were based on an adapted ('Grasslands Tahora') or poorly adapted ('Grasslands Huia') cultivar, and received either no fertiliser, or 35kg P /ha /year. The P response curve of surviving plants was also determined, and compared with plants grown from 'standard' seedlines of the respective cultivars. Between years 4 and 8, the proportion of the populations constituted by plants true-to-type for the sown cultivar remained steady at 56 - 58% for Tahora, but fell …


Seasonal Variations Of Labile Soil Organic Carbon And Nitrogen Fertility In Grassland Soil In Tokyo, Japan, T Murata, H Tanaka, Y Kurokawa 2024 Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology

Seasonal Variations Of Labile Soil Organic Carbon And Nitrogen Fertility In Grassland Soil In Tokyo, Japan, T Murata, H Tanaka, Y Kurokawa

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

We investigated seasonal variations of soil enzyme activities, soil inorganic N, soil microbial biomass N (BN) and soil total sugar C (TSC) during March to December in cattle-grazed pasture in Japan (Andisols). Dehydrogenase activity had three peaks in a year, on the other hand, phosphomonoesterase activity increased from spring (April) up to summer (August) but then gradually decreased toward winter. BN also showed a seasonal variation, which gradually increased from April to August, but in the end of August once decreased rapidly because of soil becoming dry. Soil inorganic N had three peaks which appeared after the appearance of dehydrogenase …


Reed Canarygrass (Phalaris Arundinacea L.) Response To Liquid Dairy Manure Or Fertilizer N, M P. Russelle, G W. Randall, P D. Clayton, M A. Schmitt, L J. Greub, C C. Sheaffer, R R. Kalton, D H. Taylor 2024 USDA, Agricultural Research Service

Reed Canarygrass (Phalaris Arundinacea L.) Response To Liquid Dairy Manure Or Fertilizer N, M P. Russelle, G W. Randall, P D. Clayton, M A. Schmitt, L J. Greub, C C. Sheaffer, R R. Kalton, D H. Taylor

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

Livestock farmers face constraints in efficient manure management because of limited land availability, especially during the growing season, but reed canarygrass (Phalaris arundinacea L.) may provide a solution. We measured yield and apparent N removal of established reed canarygrass with surface-applied dairy manure slurry at three locations in the Upper Midwest, USA. Slurry was broadcast or banded at rates up to 375 m3 ha-1 (1190 kg N ha-1) in single or split applications and N fertilizer was applied at rates up to 448 kg N ha- 1 for comparison. Herbage was harvested three times per year. Nitrogen removal in …


The Influence Of Plant Density And Level Of Nitrogen Fertilization On The Production Of Eragrostis Curvula, P A. Pieterse, N F.G. Rethman, J Van Bosch 2024 University of Kentucky

The Influence Of Plant Density And Level Of Nitrogen Fertilization On The Production Of Eragrostis Curvula, P A. Pieterse, N F.G. Rethman, J Van Bosch

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

The objective of this study was to determine whether plant density would have an influence on dry matter (CM) yield and to determine it’s interaction (if any) with levels of N fertilization. Plants on a broadcast establishment of lovegrass (Eragrostis curvula) were mechanically thinned, to leave 30 cm rows with spacing of 0.5 and 1 m. N fertilizer was applied in spring at levels equivalent to 0, 50, 100 and 150 kg N ha-1. The trial was conducted over three growing seasons. In the second and third years the DM yields with 100 and 150 kg N ha-1 on the …


Potassium Rates For Macrotyloma Axillare Growth, R A. Martim, F A. Monteiro, P.R. L. Portilho 2024 University of Sao Paulo, Brazil

Potassium Rates For Macrotyloma Axillare Growth, R A. Martim, F A. Monteiro, P.R. L. Portilho

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

The response of the tropical forage legume macrotiloma guata (Macrotyloma axillare (E. Mey) Verdc) to potassium rates was studied in a greenhouse experiment. The plants were grown in nutrient solution with seven potassium (K) rates, 0; 3.5; 7; 21; 35; 105 and 245 mg l-1 of solution, in randomized complete block design, with four replications. There was significant response of the legume to potassium rates. Considerations are made on the influence of these levels on plant dry matter yield in two harvests, root dry matter production and potassium and magnesium concentrations in the plant tissue.


Phosphorus Use Efficiency For Biomass Production Of Legume Species, A T. Ayala Torales, V A. Deregibus, P R. Moauro 2024 University of Buenos Aires

Phosphorus Use Efficiency For Biomass Production Of Legume Species, A T. Ayala Torales, V A. Deregibus, P R. Moauro

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

The objective of the experiment was to identify traits associated with the production of plant biomass, and hence with P utilization efficiency, when legume species were fertilized. Red clover (Trifolium pratense) and narrowleaf birdsfoot trefoil (Lotus tenuis) were compared in a greenhouse experiment using phosphorus deficient soils. Three plants grew in pots fertilized with 0, 2, 4, 8, 15, 20, 30 and 40 ppm in soil, in a randomized experimental design. Harvest was made at 60 days from the sowing date. Leaf areas, shoot and root biomass, and tissue phosphorus contents were measured. Results showed that …


Phosphogypsum As A Source Of Nutrients For Bahiagrass, J E. Rechcigl, I S. Alcordo 2024 University of Florida

Phosphogypsum As A Source Of Nutrients For Bahiagrass, J E. Rechcigl, I S. Alcordo

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

Phosphogypsum is a by-product of the manufacture of phosphoric acid from phosphate rock and is a potential source of sulfur and calcium for crops. There are currently more than 700 million Mg of phosphogypsum in Florida alone stacked in waste piles and an additional 30 million Mg produced annually. A 3-year study was conducted to determine whether addition of phosphogypsum to bahiagrass would increase production and quality. Results indicate that addition of up to 4.0 Mg/ha phosphogypsum increased bahiagrass yields, protein content, and in vitro digestibility of forage. This study has demonstrated that phosphogypsum can be used as an alternative …


A Review Of Centrosema Pascuorum (Centurion) Cvv. Cavalcade And Bundey As A Pasture Legume In The Ley Farming System Studies In North West Australia, K Thiagalingam, D Zuill, T Price 2024 Department of Primary Industry and Fisheries

A Review Of Centrosema Pascuorum (Centurion) Cvv. Cavalcade And Bundey As A Pasture Legume In The Ley Farming System Studies In North West Australia, K Thiagalingam, D Zuill, T Price

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

Field experiments and commercial experience with the pasture legume Centrosema pascuorum (centurion) in the Katherine and Douglas Daly districts of the Northern Territory over the past ten years were reviewed. Results show that cultivars of this species (Cavalcade and Bundey) have good potential for improving both soil fertility and the quality of dry season forage (as hay or grazing) for cattle in mixed farming systems in the semi-arid tropics of north west Australia.


Influence Of N Fertilization Application And Regrowth On The Yields Of Grassland, J Tasi 2024 Godollo University of Agricultural Sciences

Influence Of N Fertilization Application And Regrowth On The Yields Of Grassland, J Tasi

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

The effect of different levels of fertilization and regrowth periods on the quantity and quality and distribution of yields of eleven grassland species were studied in two plots in Hungary. The effect of the following variables were tested: regrowth period of 20 and 40 days; control, 100 and 200 kg N ha-1 and 11 grass and leguminous species.


Effect Of Plant Age And N And P Fertilization On Mineral Composition Of Andropogon Gayanus, D E. Morillo, A Caraballo, J Faria-Marmoll, L R. McDowell 2024 Fondo Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias,

Effect Of Plant Age And N And P Fertilization On Mineral Composition Of Andropogon Gayanus, D E. Morillo, A Caraballo, J Faria-Marmoll, L R. Mcdowell

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

Mineral concentrations of Andropogon gayanus Kunth, as affected by age of regrowth, 42 and 63 days (six and four cuttings); rate (kg/ ha/year) of N fertilizer, 0, 100 and 200, and of P2O5, 0 and 75, were evaluated on a sandy-loam Aridisol (pH 5.5) in Venezuela, using a split-split-plot experimental design with two replications. Forage mineral concentrations did not differ (P>0.05) among ages. Mean Ca, P, Mg, Na were: 0.20, 0.11, 0.10 and 0.029 %, and regarded as deficient for ruminants. Only K (1.21 %) was considered adequate. Mean Fe, Zn, Cu, Mn and Co were 57, 24, 2.7, …


Seasonality In The Response Of Perennial Grass-Clover Pastures To Phosphorus Fertiliser, A K. Metherell, A C. McKenzie 2024 Lincoln University

Seasonality In The Response Of Perennial Grass-Clover Pastures To Phosphorus Fertiliser, A K. Metherell, A C. Mckenzie

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

Pasture dry matter yields from individual cuts of multi-year phosphorus (P) fertilizer field trials were analyzed for evidence of consistent seasonal trends in the response to P. The relative response to P was greatest in the late autumn - winter period, with the seasonal variation in relative yield being greater where soil fertility and mean annual relative yields were lowest.


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