Supplemental Data, 2017 University of Georgia
Supplemental Data, Russell J. Ingram, Foster Levy, Cindy L. Barrett, James T. Donaldson
ETSU Faculty Works
No abstract provided.
Phytochrome B Integrates Light And Temperature Signals In Arabidopsis, 2016 Washington University in St Louis
Phytochrome B Integrates Light And Temperature Signals In Arabidopsis, Martina Legris, Cornelia Klose, E Sethe Burgie, Cecilia Costigliolo Rojas Rojas, Maximiliano Neme, Andreas Hiltbrunner, Philip A. Wigge, Eberhard Schäfer, Richard D. Vierstra, Jorge J. Casal
Biology Faculty Publications & Presentations
Ambient temperature regulates many aspects of plant growth and development, but its sensors are unknown. Here, we demonstrate that the phytochrome B (phyB) photoreceptor participates in temperature perception through its temperature-dependent reversion from the active Pfr state to the inactive Pr state. Increased rates of thermal reversion upon exposing Arabidopsis seedlings to warm environments reduce both the abundance of the biologically active Pfr-Pfr dimer pool of phyB and the size of the associated nuclear bodies, even in daylight. Mathematical analysis of stem growth for seedlings expressing wild-type phyB or thermally stable variants under various combinations of light and temperature revealed ...
Horizontal Transfer Generates Genetic Variation In An Asexual Pathogen, 2016 Iowa State University
Horizontal Transfer Generates Genetic Variation In An Asexual Pathogen, Xiaoqiu Huang
There are major gaps in the understanding of how genetic variation is generated in the asexual pathogen Verticillium dahliae. On the one hand, V. dahliae is a haploid organism that reproduces clonally. On the other hand, single-nucleotide polymorphisms and chromosomal rearrangements were found between V. dahliae strains. Lineage-specific (LS) regions comprising about 5% of the genome are highly variable between V. dahliae strains. Nonetheless, it is unknown whether horizontal gene transfer plays a major role in generating genetic variation in V. dahliae. Here, we analyzed a previously sequenced V. dahliae population of nine strains from various geographical locations and hosts ...
Iron Bioavailability Of Hemoglobin From Soy Root Nodules Using A Caco-2 Cell Culture Model, 2016 Iowa State University
Iron Bioavailability Of Hemoglobin From Soy Root Nodules Using A Caco-2 Cell Culture Model, Amy K. Proulx, Manju B. Reddy
Manju B. Reddy
Heme iron has been identified in many plant sourcesmost commonly in the root nodules of leguminous plants, such as soy. Our objective was to test the effectiveness of soy root nodule (SRN) and purified soy hemoglobin (LHb) in improving iron bioavailability using an in vitro Caco-2 cell model, with ferritin response as the bioavailability index. We assessed bioavailability of iron from LHb (either partially purified (LHbA) or purified (LHbD)) with and without food matrix and compared it with that from bovine hemoglobin (BHb), ferrous sulfate (FeSO4), or SRN. Bioavailability of each treatment was normalized to 100% of the FeSO4 treatment ...
Studying The Effects Of Serpentine Soil On Adapted And Non-Adapted Species Using Arduino Technology, 2016 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo
Studying The Effects Of Serpentine Soil On Adapted And Non-Adapted Species Using Arduino Technology, Kiana Saniee, Edward Himelblau, Brian Paavo
STAR (STEM Teacher and Researcher) Presentations
Abstract: Serpentine soils are formed from ultramafic rocks and are represent an extreme environment for plants. Serpentine soils are unique in that they carry high concentrations of heavy metals, are nutrient deficient, particularly in calcium, and have poor water retention capabilities. Although these soils constitute harsh conditions for plant growth, there are a number of species that are adapted and even endemic to serpentine soil. Water retention by commercial potting mix was compared with serpentine soil. Also, serpentine adapted and non-adapted species were grown in both soil treatments and physiological data were collected. We used the Arduino electronic platform to ...
Orm Expression Alters Sphingolipid Homeostasis And Differentially Affects Ceramide Synthase Activity, 2016 University of Nebraska - Lincoln
Orm Expression Alters Sphingolipid Homeostasis And Differentially Affects Ceramide Synthase Activity, Athen N. Kimberlin, Gongshe Han, Kyle D. Luttgeharm, Ming Chen, Rebecca E. Cahoon, Julie M. Stone, Jonathan E. Markham, Teresa M. Dunn, Edgar B. Cahoon
Faculty Publications from the Center for Plant Science Innovation
Sphingolipid synthesis is tightly regulated in eukaryotes. This regulation in plants ensures sufficient sphingolipids to support growth while limiting the accumulation of sphingolipid metabolites that induce programmed cell death. Serine palmitoyltransferase (SPT) catalyzes the first step in sphingolipid biosynthesis and is considered the primary sphingolipid homeostatic regulatory point. In this report, Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) putative SPT regulatory proteins, orosomucoidlike proteins AtORM1 and AtORM2, were found to interact physically with Arabidopsis SPT and to suppress SPT activity when coexpressed with Arabidopsis SPT subunits long-chain base1 (LCB1) and LCB2 and the small subunit of SPT in a yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) SPT-deficient mutant ...
Bacterial Leaf Streak Of Corn Confirmed In Nebraska, Other Corn Belt States August 26, 2016, 2016 University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Bacterial Leaf Streak Of Corn Confirmed In Nebraska, Other Corn Belt States August 26, 2016, Tamra Jackson-Ziems, Kevin A. Korus, Tony Adesemoye, Julie Van Meter
Papers in Plant Pathology
Bacterial leaf streak disease of corn, caused by Xanthomonas vasicola pv. vasculorum, has now been confirmed in Nebraska, as well as in Colorado, Illinois, Iowa, and Kansas. The disease had not been previously identified in the U.S., but had been reported on corn in South Africa. Surveys are currently underway across the Corn Belt to identify the disease distribution. Initial observations and survey results suggest that it may be widely distributed throughout the Corn Belt. Unusual symptoms were first reported on corn samples received by the University of Nebraska Plant and Pest Diagnostic Clinic. Over the last two years ...
An Investigation Of The Plant Growth Promoting Abilities Of Pseudomonas Fluorescens Uw4 Under Toxic Metal Stress, 2016 The University of Western Ontario
An Investigation Of The Plant Growth Promoting Abilities Of Pseudomonas Fluorescens Uw4 Under Toxic Metal Stress, Joshua J. Frank
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
I investigated plant-microbe-metal interactions under metal stress. In theory, plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) promote plant growth by reducing stress ethylene and synthesizing indole-3-acetic acid (IAA). The putative PGPR Pseudomonas fluorescens UW4 and a mutant strain that lacked an enzyme critical to the reduction of plant ethylene were studied to determine if they could promote Arabidopsis thaliana growth under cadmium and copper stress conditions. Both strains of P. fluorescens UW4 adhered to roots and synthesized IAA, and the wild-type lowered metal stress-induced ethylene in Arabidopsis, but neither strain enhanced plant growth. Wildtype P. fluorescens UW4 and its mutant had no ...
Propagation And Container Production Of The Amelanchier Spicata Complex, 2016 University of Maine - Main
Propagation And Container Production Of The Amelanchier Spicata Complex, Gregory J. Melcher
Electronic Theses and Dissertations
Amelanchier is a genus in the Rosaceae containing shrubs and trees indigenous to North America that possess traits valued by the horticulture industry. Amelanchier spicata (dwarf serviceberry), a heterogeneous complex of hybrids indigenous to eastern North America, has agricultural and ornamental merit with notable characteristics. White blossoms emerge in early spring, edible pomes ripen in the summer, and vibrant, orange foliage occurs in the fall. I investigated phenological and physiological factors influencing adventitious rooting of stem cuttings, the effects of nitrogen source on the development of seedlings grown in container culture, and phenotypic variation among seedlings of A. spicata from ...
Transcriptome Response Of Cassava Leaves Under Natural Shade, 2016 Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences (CATAS), Haikou, Hainan
Transcriptome Response Of Cassava Leaves Under Natural Shade, Zehong Ding, Yang Zhang, Yi Xiao, Fangfang Liu, Minghui Wang, Xinguang Zhu, Peng Liu, Qi Sun, Wenquan Wang, Ming Peng, Tom Brutnell, Pinghua Li
Faculty Publications from the Center for Plant Science Innovation
Cassava is an important staple crop in tropical and sub-tropical areas. As a common farming practice, cassava is usually cultivated intercropping with other crops and subjected to various degrees of shading, which causes reduced productivity. Herein, a comparative transcriptomic analysis was performed on a series of developmental cassava leaves under both full sunlight and natural shade conditions. Gene expression profiles of these two conditions exhibited similar developmental transitions, e.g. genes related to cell wall and basic cellular metabolism were highly expressed in immature leaves, genes involved in lipid metabolism and tetrapyrrole synthesis were highly expressed during the transition stages ...
Evaluation Of The Water Stress-Inducible Promoter Wsi18 In The Model Monocot Brachypodium Distachyon, 2016 The University of Western Ontario
Evaluation Of The Water Stress-Inducible Promoter Wsi18 In The Model Monocot Brachypodium Distachyon, Patrick D. Langille
Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository
Water deficit-inducible promoters that function in multiple species are valuable components for engineering stress-tolerant crops. Wsi18 is a water deficit-inducible promoter native to Oryza sativa. In this study, Brachypodium distachyon (B. distachyon) was used to determine if Wsi18 retained its water deficit-inducible characteristics in another monocot. Transgenic B. distachyon plants, in which the Wsi18 promoter drove the expression of the uidA reporter gene, were developed and exposed to osmotic stress generated by mannitol, salt stress conditions, and the water deficit-signaling phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA). GUS histochemical assays demonstrated increased uidA expression in the leaves and stem of mannitol, NaCl, and ...
In Vitro Motility Of Actin Filaments Powered By Plant Myosins Xi, 2016 Universidad de Los Andes - Colombia
In Vitro Motility Of Actin Filaments Powered By Plant Myosins Xi, Cesar A. Quintana-Cataño, Christopher J. Staiger, Weiwei Zhang
The Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship (SURF) Symposium
The actomyosin network is thought to support fundamental processes of plant development and cell expansion such as polarized elongation of root hairs and the diffuse growth of epidermal and mesophyll cells. Inhibition of myosins via pharmacological treatments represents one of the key approaches for understanding of their roles in different cellular processes. However, the use of the standard plant myosin inhibitor, 2,3-butanedionemonoxime (BDM), is questioned as it requires a high concentration and may not be as specific as desired. By testing drugs that inhibit animal and yeast myosins V, the Staiger laboratory previously found pentabromopseudilin (PBP) as a potential ...
Computational Analyses Of Mrna Ribosome Loading In Arabidopsis Thaliana, 2016 University of Tennessee, Knoxville
Computational Analyses Of Mrna Ribosome Loading In Arabidopsis Thaliana, Joseph Benjamin Ernest
Translation of mRNA into protein is a critical step in gene expression, but the principles guiding its regulation at the genome level are not completely understood. Translation can be quantified at a genome scale by measuring the ribosome loading of mRNA—the extent to which mRNA is associated with ribosomes. In this dissertation, I present investigations into how genome-wide ribosome loading is controlled in Arabidopsis thaliana. In chapter 1, I give an overview of regulation of ribosome loading and translation. In chapter 2, I present research demonstrating for the first time that genome-wide ribosome loading in plants is partially controlled ...
Validation Of Reference Genes For Robust Qrt-Pcr Gene Expression Analysis In The Rice Blast Fungus Magnaporthe Oryzae, Sarena Che Omar, Michael A. Bentley, Giulia Morieri, Gail M. Preston, Sarah J. Gurr, Richard Wilson (Editor)
Papers in Plant Pathology
The rice blast fungus causes significant annual harvest losses. It also serves as a genetically- tractable model to study fungal ingress. Whilst pathogenicity determinants have been unmasked and changes in global gene expression described, we know little about Magnaporthe oryzae cell wall remodelling. Our interests, in wall remodelling genes expressed during infection, vegetative growth and under exogenous wall stress, demand robust choice of reference genes for quantitative Real Time-PCR (qRT-PCR) data normalisation. We describe the expression stability of nine candidate reference genes profiled by qRT-PCR with cDNAs derived during asexual germling development, from sexual stage perithecia and from vegetative mycelium ...
Do Novel Weapons That Degrade Mycorrhizal Mutualisms Explain Invasive Species Success?, 2016 Buffalo State College
Do Novel Weapons That Degrade Mycorrhizal Mutualisms Explain Invasive Species Success?, Philip L. Pinzone Mr.
Invasive plants often dominate novel habitats where they did not co-evolve with local species. Several hypotheses suggest mechanisms that explain increased exotic plant success, including 'novel weapons' and 'degraded mutualisms'. Japanese knotweed (Fallopia japonica) and European buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica) are widespread plant invaders in North America that can dominate ecosystems. The goal of this study is to test whether these impacts are more consistent with novel weapons or degraded mutualism hypotheses. I examine tree seedling recruitment, (germination and initial survival) growth, (biomass) and mycorrhizal invasion (AMF content) as a function of F. japonica and R. cathartica root exudates. Given that ...
Habitat Temperature And Precipitation Of Arabidopsis Thaliana Ecotypes Determine The Response Of Foliar Vasculature, Photosynthesis, And Transpiration To Growth Temperature, 2016 University of Colorado Boulder
Habitat Temperature And Precipitation Of Arabidopsis Thaliana Ecotypes Determine The Response Of Foliar Vasculature, Photosynthesis, And Transpiration To Growth Temperature, William W. Adams Iii, Jared J. Stewart, Christopher M. Cohu, Onno Muller, Barbara Demmig-Adams
Ecology & Evolutionary Biology Faculty Contributions
Acclimatory adjustments of foliar vascular architecture, photosynthetic capacity, and transpiration rate in Arabidopsis thaliana ecotypes (Italian, Polish [Col-0], Swedish) were characterized in the context of habitat of origin. Temperatures of the habitat of origin decreased linearly with increasing habitat latitude, but habitat precipitation was greatest in Italy, lowest in Poland, and intermediate in Sweden. Plants of the three ecotypes raised under three different growth temperature regimes (low, moderate, and high) exhibited highest photosynthetic capacities, greatest leaf thickness, highest chlorophyll a/b ratio and levels of β-carotene, and greatest levels of wall ingrowths in phloem transfer cells, and, in the Col-0 ...
Combinatory Effect Of Changing Co2, Temperature, And Long-Term Growth Temperature On Isoprene Emissions, Michael Cole
Isoprene, the most abundant hydrocarbon in the atmosphere, plays a significant role in atmospheric chemistry. Its reactions with NOx lead to the formation of ozone in the lower troposphere, which is harmful to plants and detrimental to human health. As air temperatures and CO2 concentrations increase with climate change, it is uncertain how isoprene emissions from plants will respond. We hypothesized that isoprene emissions will increase with the combination of increasing temperature and CO2 concentrations. We predict that oaks grown at a higher temperature will exhibit an increase in isoprene emissions with combined short-term increases in temperature ...
The Correlation Between Basal Isoprene Emissions And Climate Of The Native Range Across Oak Species, Mary J. Babiez
Isoprene is a biogenic volatile organic compound that is emitted by various plant species and plays an important role in the chemistry of the atmosphere. When it reacts with pollutants in the air, such as nitrogen oxides, the precursor to ozone (O3) is formed. In this experiment, we measured leaf emissions from 20 different oak species at the Morton Arboretum (Lisle, Illinois). The aim was to better understand differences in isoprene emissions across oak species. Since emissions have been found to protect leaves against brief periods of heat stress, we hypothesized that oaks native to areas with greater variations ...
Endless Symbioses Most Intricate, 2016 University of Richmond
Endless Symbioses Most Intricate, W. John Hayden
Biology Faculty Publications
Orchids, such as our Wildflower of the Year for 2016, Downy Rattlesnake Plantain (Goodyera pubescens) (Fig. 1), exemplify the interconnectedness of life on Earth. As would be the case for many kinds of plants, pollination comes readily to mind as a prominent example of mutualistic symbiosis. Downy Rattlesnake Plantain is pollinated by bumblebees and other native bees. The bees gain nectar and the orchid gets an efficient means to move pollen from one flower to another; each organism gains benefit from the interaction, the very definition of mutualism. Pollination by bees is widespread among the orchids, but there can be ...
Trimethylated Lysine 4 At Histone 3 Shows The Same Circadian Rhythm At Promoters Of Diversely-Expressed Genes In Chlamydomonas Reinhardtii, Robyn M. Wilson
Masters Theses & Specialist Projects
Circadian clocks are biochemical mechanisms that allow eukaryotic and some prokaryotic organisms to coordinate their physiology with daily environmental changes. It enables organisms to increase their fitness by taking advantage of beneficial environmental conditions while also avoiding or restricting certain sensitive processes during harsh conditions. Similarly, post-translational histone modifications allow eukaryotic organisms to regulate gene expression in response to environmental or developmental factors. Some post-translational modifications of histones are associated with active transcription while others are associated with repressed transcription depending upon the location, type and degree of modification. Trimethylation of lysine 4 on the N-terminal tail of histone H3 ...