Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Horticulture Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2954 Full-Text Articles 3263 Authors 555634 Downloads 60 Institutions

All Articles in Horticulture

Faceted Search

2954 full-text articles. Page 1 of 71.

Glycemic Response To Black Beans And Chickpeas As Part Of A Rice Meal: A Randomized Cross-Over Trial, Donna M. Winham, Andrea M. Hutchins, Sharon V. Thompson 2018 Iowa State University

Glycemic Response To Black Beans And Chickpeas As Part Of A Rice Meal: A Randomized Cross-Over Trial, Donna M. Winham, Andrea M. Hutchins, Sharon V. Thompson

Donna Winham

Legumes, such as black beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and chickpeas (Cicer arietinum L.), have a low glycemic index, and may reduce the glycemic load of meals in which they are included. Although the low glycemic response of beans consumed alone has been documented, few studies have examined the glycemic response to traditional food combinations such as black beans and rice or chickpeas and rice. This randomized cross-over study examined the glycemic and insulinemic impact of 50 grams of available carbohydrate from three test meals: plain white rice (control), black beans with rice, and chickpeas with rice among healthy adult women ...


Knowledge Gained From Good Agricultural Practices Courses For Iowa Growers, Angela M. Shaw, Catherine H. Strohbehn, Linda L. Naeve, Paul A. Domoto, Lester A. Wilson 2018 Iowa State University

Knowledge Gained From Good Agricultural Practices Courses For Iowa Growers, Angela M. Shaw, Catherine H. Strohbehn, Linda L. Naeve, Paul A. Domoto, Lester A. Wilson

Angela M. Shaw

Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) educational courses provide produce growers with the fundamental information for producing and processing safe produce. To determine the effectiveness of the current 7- hour GAP course provided in Iowa, growers were surveyed before and 7-14 days after the course to determine changes in knowledge and opinions. Results show that growers positively changed their knowledge and opinions on key food safety principles and regulations, which provides evidence that Extension programming is an effective method to educate small growers. Food safety educators should focus their training on practical methods for documentation, sanitation, and facilities.


Biodegradation Behavior Of Bacterial-Based Polyhydroxyalkanoate (Pha) And Ddgs Composites, Samy A. Madbouly, James A. Schrader, Gowrishankar Srinivasan, Kunwei Liu, Kenneth McCabe, David A. Grewell, William R. Graves, Michael R. Kessler 2018 Iowa State University

Biodegradation Behavior Of Bacterial-Based Polyhydroxyalkanoate (Pha) And Ddgs Composites, Samy A. Madbouly, James A. Schrader, Gowrishankar Srinivasan, Kunwei Liu, Kenneth Mccabe, David A. Grewell, William R. Graves, Michael R. Kessler

David A. Grewell

The extensive use of plastics in agriculture has increased the need for development and implementation of polymer materials that can degrade in soils under natural conditions. The biodegradation behavior in soil of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) composites with 10 wt% distiller's dried grains with solubles (DDGS) was characterized and compared to pure PHA over 24 weeks. Injection-molded samples were measured for degradation weight loss every 4 weeks, and the effects of degradation times on morphological, thermomechanical, and viscoelastic properties were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), and small-amplitude oscillatory shear flow experiments. Incorporation of DDGS had a ...


Tomato Cultivar Evaluation In High Tunnels, Northern Indiana, 2017, Elizabeth Maynard, Erin A. Bluhm 2018 Purdue University - Main Campus

Tomato Cultivar Evaluation In High Tunnels, Northern Indiana, 2017, Elizabeth Maynard, Erin A. Bluhm

Purdue Fruit and Vegetable Research Reports

Tomatoes are a common crop grown in unheated greenhouses, commonly called high tunnels. Production in these structures has increased in recent years. This trial was conducted to evaluate varieties for their performance as a summer-harvested crop in soil-based high tunnel production systems. Five hybrid determinate varieties or line, one hybrid indeterminate, and one open-pollinated indeterminate variety were compared for yield, earliness, fruit size, and quality.


Sugar-Enhanced And Synergistic Sweet Corn Cultivar Evaluation For Northern Indiana, 2017, Elizabeth Maynard, Erin A. Bluhm 2018 Purdue University - Main Campus

Sugar-Enhanced And Synergistic Sweet Corn Cultivar Evaluation For Northern Indiana, 2017, Elizabeth Maynard, Erin A. Bluhm

Purdue Fruit and Vegetable Research Reports

This paper reports on six bicolor sugar-enhanced or synergistic sweet corn entries that were evaluated at the Pinney-Purdue Agricultural Center in Wanatah, Indiana.


Supersweet Sweet Corn Cultivar Evaluation For Northern Indiana, 2017, Elizabeth Maynard, Erin A. Bluhm 2018 Purdue University - Main Campus

Supersweet Sweet Corn Cultivar Evaluation For Northern Indiana, 2017, Elizabeth Maynard, Erin A. Bluhm

Purdue Fruit and Vegetable Research Reports

This paper reports on fifteen bicolor, two yellow, and two white supersweet sweet corn entries that were evaluated at the Pinney-Purdue Agricultural Center in Wanatah, Indiana.


Pumpkin Variety Performance With And Without Treatment For Powdery Mildew In Northern Indiana, 2017, Elizabeth Maynard, Erin A. Bluhm 2018 Purdue University - Main Campus

Pumpkin Variety Performance With And Without Treatment For Powdery Mildew In Northern Indiana, 2017, Elizabeth Maynard, Erin A. Bluhm

Purdue Fruit and Vegetable Research Reports

Pumpkins are grown on 5,000 acres in Indiana with an average yield of 6.75 tons per acre. Successful pumpkin production requires the use of varieties that yield well and produce pumpkins of the size, shape, color, and quality demanded by the market. Genetic resistance to the fungal disease powdery mildew is present in some varieties. This trial was designed to evaluate performance of pumpkin varieties in northern Indiana with and without treatment for powdery mildew. The trial included fourteen orange jack-o-lantern size pumpkins, one small or 'pie' pumpkin and one specialty yellow pumpkin.


Midwest Vegetable Trial Report For 2017, Elizabeth Maynard, Brad R. Bergefurd, Wenjing Guan, Petrus Langenhoven 2018 Purdue University - Main Campus

Midwest Vegetable Trial Report For 2017, Elizabeth Maynard, Brad R. Bergefurd, Wenjing Guan, Petrus Langenhoven

Purdue Fruit and Vegetable Research Reports

This is a compilation of 19 research trial reports from six land-grant universities in the Midwestern United States. Crops include green beans, cantaloupe, cucumber, ornamental corn, pepper, potato, pumpkin, butternut squash, sweet corn, tomato, and watermelon. Several crops were evaluated in high tunnels or hoophouses. Most trials evaluated different cultivars or varieties. One report addressed specific growing practices: plant spacing for sweet corn.


Phenology And Biomass Production Of Adapted And Non-Adapted Tropical Corn Populations In Central Iowa, Pedro Alexander Infante, Ken J. Moore, Andrew W. Lenssen, Sotirios V. Archontoulis, Paul Scott, Shui-zhang Fei 2018 Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Phenology And Biomass Production Of Adapted And Non-Adapted Tropical Corn Populations In Central Iowa, Pedro Alexander Infante, Ken J. Moore, Andrew W. Lenssen, Sotirios V. Archontoulis, Paul Scott, Shui-Zhang Fei

Agronomy Publications

Biofuel production in the midwestern United States has largely focused on corn (Zea mays L.) grain for ethanol production and more recently, corn stover for lignocellulosic ethanol. Tropical corn refers to corn adapted from tropical regions. Growing tropical germplasm in temperate environments is not attractive for grain yield, but shows promise for biomass production through taller and more vigorous plants with thick stems and long leaves. The comparison between tropical corn populations and their temperate adapted counterparts with a focus on biomass production has not yet been explored under Iowa growing conditions. This study refines the accuracy of the leaf ...


Use Of An Alternative Natural Weed Suppressant: Effects Of Parboiled Rice Hill Mulch On The Growth Of Container Weeds, Amy R. Fields-Taylor, Vanessa Slinger-Friedman 2017 Kennesaw State University

Use Of An Alternative Natural Weed Suppressant: Effects Of Parboiled Rice Hill Mulch On The Growth Of Container Weeds, Amy R. Fields-Taylor, Vanessa Slinger-Friedman

The Kennesaw Journal of Undergraduate Research

The Chattahoochee Nature Center (CNC) is one of the leading educational centers in Georgia about the ecology of the Chattahoochee River. Due to lack of man power, keeping down the weeds in the CNC plant nursery is one of those tasks that often gets left undone. The nursery becomes overgrown with invasive weed species. Understandably, they must sometimes resort to the use of herbicides, such as Roundup®, to keep the hundreds of native and endangered species of plants housed at CNC from being choked out by invasive weeds. This study tests the ability to suppress weed growth by use of ...


Horticulture For Pollinator Conservation, Carter M. Westerhold 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Horticulture For Pollinator Conservation, Carter M. Westerhold

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

Pollinators worldwide are declining. Consequently, the agricultural and ecological services these insects provide are in danger of being lost. Land use intensification, via urbanization, has greatly influenced this decline in pollinators. Luckily, through targeted horticultural practices, stable populations of pollinators can be sustained within urban areas. The horticultural practices of planting diverse floral resources and managing pollinator habitat in urban areas can sustain these populations. Two studies were conducted with the intent to identify horticultural knowledge gaps that could be reduced to aid in pollinator conservation efforts. First, a study to compare Nebraska native and non-native ornamental plants was conducted ...


New Technologies For Evaluating Putting Green Surface Characteristics, Daniel Patrick O'Brien 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

New Technologies For Evaluating Putting Green Surface Characteristics, Daniel Patrick O'Brien

Theses and Dissertations

Golf course putting greens require a high level of inputs predicated on timely, well informed decisions. Putting green quality is ultimately defined by performance of the turfgrass, and this performance encompasses both (i) the health and vitality of the turfgrass plants, and (ii) the ability of the turfgrass to exist as a playing surface, as it interacts with the golf ball. For golf course superintendents, accurately and efficiently assessing moisture levels and nutrient status are critical for guiding maintenance practices. This research sought to examine new ways for measuring each of these parameters, and compared them to ground-truth data and ...


Shallow Aggregate Ebb-And-Flow System For Greenhouse Lettuce Production, Joseph Chidiac 2017 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Shallow Aggregate Ebb-And-Flow System For Greenhouse Lettuce Production, Joseph Chidiac

Theses and Dissertations

A novel soilless technique for the production of lettuce was developed and evaluated for its viability for ornamental greenhouse growers adapting their ebb-and-flood irrigation benching systems to diversify into growing lettuce, without having to purchase the conventional nutrient film technique (NFT) or deep flow technique (DFT) hydroponic systems. The experimental design was a three by four factorial, with three treatments for aggregate depth (19, 38, and 57 mm) and four treatments for irrigation frequency (once every 1, 2, 4, or 8 hours), for a total of twelve treatment combinations. Each treatment was replicated three times in a randomized complete block ...


Hybrid Food Preservation Program Improves Food Preservation And Food Safety Knowledge, Sarah L. Francis 2017 Iowa State University

Hybrid Food Preservation Program Improves Food Preservation And Food Safety Knowledge, Sarah L. Francis

Sarah L. Francis

The growing trend in home food preservation raises concerns about whether the resulting food products will be safe to eat. The increase public demand for food preservation information led to the development of the comprehensive food preservation program, Preserve the Taste of Summer (PTTS). PTTS is a comprehensive hybrid food preservation program comprised of online lessons and corresponding in-person workshops. PTTS participants reported increases in knowledge about food preservation food safety and recommended food preservation techniques after participating.


Book Review Of Serendipity: An Ecologist’S Quest To Understand Nature, E. E. Ball, D. M. Adams, J. N. Dupuie Jr., M. M. Jones, P. G. McGovern, R. M. Ruden, S. R. Schmidt, G. J. Vaziri, J. S. Eeling, B. D. Kirk, A. L. McCombs, A. B. Rabinowitz, K. M. Thompson, Z. J. Hudson, Robert W. Klaver 2017 Iowa State University

Book Review Of Serendipity: An Ecologist’S Quest To Understand Nature, E. E. Ball, D. M. Adams, J. N. Dupuie Jr., M. M. Jones, P. G. Mcgovern, R. M. Ruden, S. R. Schmidt, G. J. Vaziri, J. S. Eeling, B. D. Kirk, A. L. Mccombs, A. B. Rabinowitz, K. M. Thompson, Z. J. Hudson, Robert W. Klaver

Robert Klaver

A common thought among graduate students is: “how do established scientists get where they are today?” In Serendipity: An Ecologist’s Quest to Understand Nature, James Estes offers a personal reflection on research experiences spanning his 50-year career, beginning as a Ph.D. student in 1970 and concluding with recognition as a member of the National Academy of Sciences in 2014. Estes chronologically outlines the foundational trophic cascade ecology research that he and colleagues conducted in the Aleutian Islands, examining key relationships among kelp forests, sea otters, sea urchins, and killer whales through anecdotal stories of achievement and challenge. Estes ...


Knowledge Gained From Good Agricultural Practices Courses For Iowa Growers, Angela M. Shaw, Catherine H. Strohbehn, Linda L. Naeve, Paul A. Domoto, Lester A. Wilson 2017 Iowa State University

Knowledge Gained From Good Agricultural Practices Courses For Iowa Growers, Angela M. Shaw, Catherine H. Strohbehn, Linda L. Naeve, Paul A. Domoto, Lester A. Wilson

Catherine Strohbehn

Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) educational courses provide produce growers with the fundamental information for producing and processing safe produce. To determine the effectiveness of the current 7- hour GAP course provided in Iowa, growers were surveyed before and 7-14 days after the course to determine changes in knowledge and opinions. Results show that growers positively changed their knowledge and opinions on key food safety principles and regulations, which provides evidence that Extension programming is an effective method to educate small growers. Food safety educators should focus their training on practical methods for documentation, sanitation, and facilities.


Multilocation Corn Stover Harvest Effects On Crop Yields And Nutrient Removal, Douglas L. Karlen, Stuart J. Birrell, Jane M.F. Johnson, Shannon l. Osborne, Thomas E. Schumacher, Gary E. Varvel, Richard B. Ferguson, Jeff M. Novak, James R. Frederick, John M. Baker, John A. Lamb, Paul R. Alder, Greg W. Roth, Emerson D. Nafziger 2017 USDA-ARS

Multilocation Corn Stover Harvest Effects On Crop Yields And Nutrient Removal, Douglas L. Karlen, Stuart J. Birrell, Jane M.F. Johnson, Shannon L. Osborne, Thomas E. Schumacher, Gary E. Varvel, Richard B. Ferguson, Jeff M. Novak, James R. Frederick, John M. Baker, John A. Lamb, Paul R. Alder, Greg W. Roth, Emerson D. Nafziger

Stuart J. Birrell

Corn (Zea mays L.) stover was identified as an important feedstock for cellulosic bioenergy production because of the extensive area upon which the crop is already grown. This report summarizes 239 site-years of field research examining effects of zero, moderate, and high stover removal rates at 36 sites in seven different states. Grain and stover yields from all sites as well as N, P, and K removal from 28 sites are summarized for nine longitude and six latitude bands, two tillage practices (conventional vs no tillage), two stoverharvest methods (machine vs calculated), and two crop rotations {continuous corn (maize) vs ...


Substantial Contribution Of Genetic Variation In The Expression Of Transcription Factors To Phenotypic Variation Revealed By Erd-Gwas, Hung-ying Lin, Qiang Liu, Xiao Li, Jinliang Yang, Sanzhen Liu, Yinlian Huang, Michael J. Scanlon, Dan Nettleton, Patrick S. Schnable 2017 Iowa State University

Substantial Contribution Of Genetic Variation In The Expression Of Transcription Factors To Phenotypic Variation Revealed By Erd-Gwas, Hung-Ying Lin, Qiang Liu, Xiao Li, Jinliang Yang, Sanzhen Liu, Yinlian Huang, Michael J. Scanlon, Dan Nettleton, Patrick S. Schnable

Agronomy & Horticulture -- Faculty Publications

Background: There are significant limitations in existing methods for the genome-wide identification of genes whose expression patterns affect traits.

Results: The transcriptomes of five tissues from 27 genetically diverse maize inbred lines were deeply sequenced to identify genes exhibiting high and low levels of expression variation across tissues or genotypes. Transcription factors are enriched among genes with the most variation in expression across tissues, as well as among genes with higher-than-median levels of variation in expression across genotypes. In contrast, transcription factors are depleted among genes whose expression is either highly stable or highly variable across genotypes. We developed a ...


Glycemic Response To Black Beans And Chickpeas As Part Of A Rice Meal: A Randomized Cross-Over Trial, Donna M. Winham, Andrea M. Hutchins, Sharon V. Thompson 2017 Iowa State University

Glycemic Response To Black Beans And Chickpeas As Part Of A Rice Meal: A Randomized Cross-Over Trial, Donna M. Winham, Andrea M. Hutchins, Sharon V. Thompson

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Legumes, such as black beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and chickpeas (Cicer arietinum L.), have a low glycemic index, and may reduce the glycemic load of meals in which they are included. Although the low glycemic response of beans consumed alone has been documented, few studies have examined the glycemic response to traditional food combinations such as black beans and rice or chickpeas and rice. This randomized cross-over study examined the glycemic and insulinemic impact of 50 grams of available carbohydrate from three test meals: plain white rice (control), black beans with rice, and chickpeas with rice among healthy adult women ...


Book Review Of Serendipity: An Ecologist’S Quest To Understand Nature, E. E. Ball, D. M. Adams, J. N. Dupuie Jr., M. M. Jones, P. G. McGovern, R. M. Ruden, S. R. Schmidt, G. J. Vaziri, J. S. Eeling, B. D. Kirk, A. L. McCombs, A. B. Rabinowitz, K. M. Thompson, Z. J. Hudson, Robert W. Klaver 2017 Iowa State University

Book Review Of Serendipity: An Ecologist’S Quest To Understand Nature, E. E. Ball, D. M. Adams, J. N. Dupuie Jr., M. M. Jones, P. G. Mcgovern, R. M. Ruden, S. R. Schmidt, G. J. Vaziri, J. S. Eeling, B. D. Kirk, A. L. Mccombs, A. B. Rabinowitz, K. M. Thompson, Z. J. Hudson, Robert W. Klaver

Natural Resource Ecology and Management Publications

A common thought among graduate students is: “how do established scientists get where they are today?” In Serendipity: An Ecologist’s Quest to Understand Nature, James Estes offers a personal reflection on research experiences spanning his 50-year career, beginning as a Ph.D. student in 1970 and concluding with recognition as a member of the National Academy of Sciences in 2014. Estes chronologically outlines the foundational trophic cascade ecology research that he and colleagues conducted in the Aleutian Islands, examining key relationships among kelp forests, sea otters, sea urchins, and killer whales through anecdotal stories of achievement and challenge. Estes ...


Digital Commons powered by bepress