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Economies Of Scale In Integrated Pest Management In Vegetable And Fruit Production, Franklin Quarcoo, Conrad Bonsi, David Nii O. Tackie, Walter A. Hill, Gertrude Wall, George Hunter 2017 Tuskegee University

Economies Of Scale In Integrated Pest Management In Vegetable And Fruit Production, Franklin Quarcoo, Conrad Bonsi, David Nii O. Tackie, Walter A. Hill, Gertrude Wall, George Hunter

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

Abstract

Pest management is achieved directly using a variety of tools, including pesticides, and indirectly through a number of agronomic/cultural practices such as irrigation and fertilizer application; collectively these practices function to positively effect general plant health. Healthier plants are more resistant to or tolerant of pests. This study explores the scale differences that impact the pest management significance and suitability of certain agronomic practices. Scale differences were discussed using literature-based information, direct field observations, and anecdotal information on the relative advantages of drip and sprinkler irrigation systems; organic and conventional cultivation of crops; crop rotation versus mono-cropping systems ...


Identity Behind Glass: The Second Gore Place Greenhouse, Sean P. Romo 2017 University of Massachusetts Boston

Identity Behind Glass: The Second Gore Place Greenhouse, Sean P. Romo

Graduate Masters Theses

This thesis examines the second greenhouse at Gore Place, a historic country estate in Waltham, Massachusetts. Gore Place was owned by and named for Christopher and Rebecca Gore, members of the 18th- and 19th-century political and economic elite in New England. The greenhouse was constructed in 1806, and excavation at the site took place in 2004, 2008, and 2012. The latter two projects were data recovery excavations, which exposed portions of the greenhouse’s foundations and interior, as well as several features in the yard surrounding the building. Historic greenhouses were prestigious structures, financially accessible only to institutions, governments, and ...


Notes On Some Of The Newer Vegetables, A. T. Erwin, E. S. Haber 2017 Iowa State College

Notes On Some Of The Newer Vegetables, A. T. Erwin, E. S. Haber

Bulletin

In presenting the following report on some of the newer vegetables recently tested at the Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station, no attempt is made to embrace all the new varieties or possible synonyms offered in the American seed trade. In cases where the results were so distinctly negative as to indicate that the variety was unsuited to the soil and climatic condition of central Iowa, it was omitted from the list.

The fact that a variety may be of special value for one purpose, but possibly inferior for another, should be borne in mind. The Ohio Canner beet is admirably adapted ...


Control Of Glyphosate-Resistant Common Ragweed (Ambrosia Artemisiifolia L.) In Glufosinate-Resistant Soybean [Glycine Max (L.) Merr], Ethann R. Barnes, Stevan Z. Knezevic, Peter H. Sikkema, John L. Lindquist, Amit J. Jhala 2017 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Control Of Glyphosate-Resistant Common Ragweed (Ambrosia Artemisiifolia L.) In Glufosinate-Resistant Soybean [Glycine Max (L.) Merr], Ethann R. Barnes, Stevan Z. Knezevic, Peter H. Sikkema, John L. Lindquist, Amit J. Jhala

Agronomy & Horticulture -- Faculty Publications

Common ragweed emerges early in the season in Nebraska, USA and is competitive with soybean; therefore, preplant herbicides are important for effective control. Glyphosate has been used as a preplant control option; however, confirmation of glyphosate-resistant (GR) common ragweed in Nebraska necessitates evaluating other herbicide options. The objectives of this study were to (1) evaluate the efficacy of preplant (PP) herbicides followed by (fb) glufosinate alone or in tank-mixture with imazethapyr, acetochlor, or S-metolachlor applied post-emergence (POST) for control of GR common ragweed in glufosinate-resistant soybean; (2) their effect on common ragweed density, biomass, and soybean yield; and (3) the ...


Irrigation For Vegetable Crops In Iowa, A. T. Erwin, E. S. Haber 2017 Iowa State College

Irrigation For Vegetable Crops In Iowa, A. T. Erwin, E. S. Haber

Bulletin

Does it pay to irrigate vegetable crops in Iowa?

What does it cost to irrigate? and under what conditions are these costs, plus a profit, returned to the vegetable grower?

No complete answer to these questions can be given, because of the widely varying conditions involved—differences of rainfall, of crops, of costs, of soil, of topography. But considerable light is thrown on them by experiments which the Vegetable Crops Subsection of the Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station has conducted during several years at Ames and on “Muscatine Island.’’


The Peppers, A. T. Erwin 2017 Iowa State College

The Peppers, A. T. Erwin

Bulletin

Peppers are native plants of tropical America, one of the few vegetables which still abound in the wild state. The earliest mention of them was in a report of Columbus’ first voyage.

The garden peppers are regarded as dwarf, early maturing forms of Capsicum frutescens. They are either annuals or perennials, according to climatic conditions.

The peppers are both self and cross-fertilized.

The collection of peppers grown in securing the data for this bulletin, included over 200 varieties, a large proportion of which were synonyms, secured from the American and European seed trade.


Gladiolus Varieties In Floriculture Trial Gardens At Iowa State College, E. C. Volz, D. C. Fairburn 2017 Iowa State College

Gladiolus Varieties In Floriculture Trial Gardens At Iowa State College, E. C. Volz, D. C. Fairburn

Bulletin

One of the few gladiolus trial gardens in the United States is located at Ames, Iowa. This project was established in 1929 by the Iowa Gladiolus Society and the Department of Horticulture at Iowa State College. It has enjoyed the active cooperation of gladiolus breeders and commercial growers. The purpose of this garden is to make a comparative study of new and important varieties of gladioli to determine their commercial value and general adaptability. The value of this trial garden from a demonstration point of view alone can hardly be overestimated. Thousands of plant lovers visit the garden annually to ...


The Effect Of Various Containers On The Growth Of Vegetable Plants, E. S. Haber 2017 Iowa State College

The Effect Of Various Containers On The Growth Of Vegetable Plants, E. S. Haber

Bulletin

The experiments indicate that clay pots are superior, as a general rule, to composition pots, paper bands or flats as a growing medium for vegetable plants. If the plants in these substitute containers, however, are watered, about every week or 10 days with a solution of nitrate of soda, sulfate of ammonia or any other nitrogenous fertilizer at the rate of 1 ounce to 1 gallon of water, plants equal to those produced in clay pots are possible. A few species may do as well without nitrates; cabbage plants grown in peat pots were slightly better than those in clay ...


Pinching And Spacing Effects On Cut Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) Production In East Texas, Rebecca B. Burnett 2017 Stephen F Austin State University

Pinching And Spacing Effects On Cut Sunflower (Helianthus Annuus) Production In East Texas, Rebecca B. Burnett

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Three experiments evaluated pinching and spacing on Helianthus annuus in East Texas to determine their effects on growth and development. Experiment 1 was designed to determine the effects of pinching nodes 1, 2, 3, or 4 on ‘Pro Cut Gold’ sunflowers. Results from experiment 1 showed non-pinched plants produced marketable stem lengths and flower sizes, while pinched plants’ stem length, stem diameter, flower diameter, and disk diameter decreased compared to the non-pinched plants. The objective for experiment 2 was to evaluate pinching and spacing treatments on ‘Pro Cut Gold’ sunflowers. All spacings for non-pinched plants in experiment 2 produced marketable ...


Bordeaux Spray For Tip Burn And Early Blight Of Potatoes, A. T. Erwin 2017 Iowa State College

Bordeaux Spray For Tip Burn And Early Blight Of Potatoes, A. T. Erwin

Bulletin

Tip burn and early blight, the two most common foliage troubles of the potato in Iowa, are of enough economic importance in the corn belt to be dealt with profitably thru the use of the bordeaux spray. Five seasons of spraying experiments at the Iowa Agricultural Experiment station point to that conclusion. These tests also suggest that under Iowa conditions five applications of bordeaux mixture per season are likely to be most profitable. That number gave an average annual crop increase of 20 bushels of potatoes per acre and an average annual increased profit of $9.62 per acre. Three ...


Late Potato Blight In Iowa, A. T. Erwin 2017 Iowa State College

Late Potato Blight In Iowa, A. T. Erwin

Bulletin

Climatic conditions in Iowa are generally unfavorable to the development of the potato disease known as late blight. It is of rare occurence here but in occasional seasons it causes serious losses.

The climatic conditions under which late blight occurs in Iowa are a high degree of humidity with heavy dews and midsummer temperatures lower than usual. An excess of rainfall and a predominance of cloudy weather are contributing factors.

The practice of shipping in northern grown potatoes for seed is common in Iowa. Such seed is apt to be infected with the late blight fungus.


Better Methods Of Potato Production For Iowa: Results Of Three Years’ Investigations At Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station, Laurenz Greene, T. J. Maney 2017 Iowa State College

Better Methods Of Potato Production For Iowa: Results Of Three Years’ Investigations At Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station, Laurenz Greene, T. J. Maney

Bulletin

Spraying potatoes for early blight proved profitable each year during three seasons of experimentation. Three sprayings increased the net income per acre $3.20; five sprayings, $8.92; seven sprayings, $16.46 per acre.

About thirty different varieties of early and late potatoes were tested during each of the three years. Of the early varieties Irish Cobbler and Early Ohio gave the best yields; of the later varieties Prosperity and Rural New Yorker gave the highest yields.

The importance of seed selection was demonstrated by selecting high yielding hills in the field. The yield was increased 50 bushels of marketable ...


Effect Of Potato Scab Treatments On Seed Vitality: Formaldehyde And Corrosive Sublimate Solutions And Formaldehyde Gas, T. J. Maney 2017 Iowa State College

Effect Of Potato Scab Treatments On Seed Vitality: Formaldehyde And Corrosive Sublimate Solutions And Formaldehyde Gas, T. J. Maney

Bulletin

In three years of experiments at Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station in the use of formaldehyde gas for treating seed potatoes for scab, it was found that the gas greatly reduces the germinating powers of the tubers. The injury not only affects the eyes, preventing germination, hut also causes sunken spots about the lenticels. The tubers absorb the gas and retain it and thus are poisoned. In experiments with the usual treatment for potato scab, where the seed is soaked in‘ standard solutions of formaldehyde or corrosive sublimate, it was found that injury results if the tubers are soaked for more ...


Cold Storage For Iowa Grown Apples., Laurenz Greene 2017 Iowa State College

Cold Storage For Iowa Grown Apples., Laurenz Greene

Bulletin

In continuing its investigation of cold storage for Iowa grown apples, upon which a partial report was made in September, 1909*, the horticultural section of the Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station has found further evidence that the principal commercial varieties of apples grown in the state may be handled with profit. The four years’ work with many different varieties all gives support to the value of this practice to Iowa apple men.

Since 1909 the Station has also developed many other new facts of importance to Iowa apple growers, not the least of them pertaining to the freezing of apples and ...


Wood Working Industries Of Iowa, Hu Maxwell, John T. Harris 2017 U. S. Forest Service

Wood Working Industries Of Iowa, Hu Maxwell, John T. Harris

Bulletin

The study upon which the report on the Wood-Using Industries of Iowa is based, was conducted by the Forest Service in cooperation with the Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station, the work being done under the direction of O. T. Swan, in charge, office of Wood Utilization, Forest Service, United States Department of Agriculture, and G. B. MacDonald, forester of the Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station. The statistics were compiled from data collected in the spring of 1912 and cover a period of one year from January 1 to December 31, 1911. J. T. Harris of the Forest Service visited all parts of ...


Orchard Heating, Laurenz Greene 2017 Iowa State College

Orchard Heating, Laurenz Greene

Bulletin

Late spring frosts cause immense losses of fruit in Iowa and help to discourage growers until many of them neglect, destroy or dispose of their orchards.

For that reason the Iowa Agricultural Experiment station is seeking to determine the value and efficiency of some of the orchard heating devices now on the market. During the season of 1911 tests were conducted in three different orchards and in addition several individual growers in various sections of the state also tried out heating as a means of frost protection. While the work is not complete and must be extended through other seasons ...


Spraying Practice For Orchard And Garden, S. A. Beach 2017 Iowa State College

Spraying Practice For Orchard And Garden, S. A. Beach

Bulletin

This bulletin tells briefly how to fight the more common insect pests and plant diseases which infest Iowa orchards and gardens, especial attention being given to the apple. The directions are up-to-date and are based upon the work of scientific investigators and the experience of practical fruit growers. While they are given to meet the peculiar needs under Iowa conditions, they are nevertheless general, and the strength of the mixtures and number of sprayings will need to be varied somewhat to meet changing conditions.


Planning And Adorning The Farmstead, A. T. Erwin 2017 Iowa State College

Planning And Adorning The Farmstead, A. T. Erwin

Bulletin

Neat, conveniently arranged buildings, a well-kept lawn attractively bordered with trees and shrubs add greatly to the appearance and value of the farm and to the happiness of its occupants.

The farmstead, including as it does the general area occupied by the farm buildings, house and lawn, is the center of activity for the farm. Its planning and development, both from the standpoint of convenience and of securing an attractive landscape effect, deserve special consideration.


Results Of Seed Investigations For 1908 And 1909, L. H. Pammel, Charlotte M. King 2017 Iowa State College

Results Of Seed Investigations For 1908 And 1909, L. H. Pammel, Charlotte M. King

Bulletin

Since the publication of bulletins 88 and 99 on the subject of seed investigation, the Botanical Section has continued a study of the seeds offered for sale to the farmers of Iowa. Bulletin 88 contains the studies for 1906, bulletin 99 the studies for 1907, and the present publication contains the results of our work for 1908 and 1909.

Since the operation of the Iowa law it has been our experience that the quality of the seed sold to the farmers is much better than formerly. Hundreds of samples sent to us by the farmers of this state for analysis ...


Plum Varieties, E. E. Little 2017 Iowa State College

Plum Varieties, E. E. Little

Bulletin

A decade has now elapsed since this Station issued the last formal report on plums in its Bulletin 46. During this period many varieties have been received for testing on the Station grounds and a good opportunity has been offered for studying their records together with the older varieties which were previously established at the Station. This bulletin is offered as a report of progress, in the testing of varieties at this Station. Since Bulletin 46 is no longer available for distribution, somewhat fuller treatment has been given than would otherwise be necessary.

Varieties of plums which are generally cultivated ...


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