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The Manuscript Works Of S. Fred Prince (1857-1951), Sarah Burke Cahalan, Jason W. Dean 2018 University of Dayton

The Manuscript Works Of S. Fred Prince (1857-1951), Sarah Burke Cahalan, Jason W. Dean

Marian Library/IMRI Faculty Publications

S. Fred Prince, a botanical illustrator and amateur scientist, is a largely unknown artist whose work on the American landscape demonstrates his eligibility to be considered in the lineage of self-taught illustrator-naturalists such as Mark Catesby and Genevieve Jones. In this article, we present a survey of extant Prince materials identified at time of writing, describing their contents and physical characteristics. Beyond this survey and description, we also provide a biographical sketch and timeline of Prince's life.


The Asparagus Rust In Iowa., L. H. Pammel, E. R. Hodson 2017 Iowa State College

The Asparagus Rust In Iowa., L. H. Pammel, E. R. Hodson

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

During the summer our attention was called to the appearance of Asparagus Rust on Muscatine Island by Mrs. Alice Walton Beatty. Early in September the rust was found in considerable quantities in one of the asparagus beds on the college farm; since then it has been observed at many points by ourselves and Mr. M. Cumming, in and about Ames. It was also reported to us from McBride, Iowa, by Mr. H. A. Mueller, in September, 1900, as being abundant at that place and at Mt. Pleasant by Mr. E. E. Hodson.


Observations And Suggestions On The Root-Killing Of Fruit Trees., John Craig 2017 Iowa State College

Observations And Suggestions On The Root-Killing Of Fruit Trees., John Craig

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

The root-killing of nursery and orchard trees is not by any means a new addition to the list of difficulties with which the orchardist of the northern Mississippi valley states is obliged to contend. Frequent reference is made to it in horticultural society literature. In the report of the Minnesota State Horticultural Society for 1871, page 86, I find the following: “Resolved, That in the opinion of this Society the nursery and orchard trees of the state are in good condition for wintering up to the present time, when properly mulched, and that in consequence of a lack of sufficient ...


Horse Nettle As A Troublesome Weed In Iowa. Two Other Troublesome Weeds. Potato Scab., L. H. Pammel, Carleton R. Ball 2017 Iowa State College

Horse Nettle As A Troublesome Weed In Iowa. Two Other Troublesome Weeds. Potato Scab., L. H. Pammel, Carleton R. Ball

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

Horse Nettle is a deep-rooting perennial, propagating freely by its underground rootstocks, the running roots are often three feet long; stem from one to two feet high, somewhat straggling, half shrubby at the base; stem hairy or merely roughish with minute hairs which are star-shaped, also armed with stout subulate yellowish prickles which are usually numerous; leaves oblong or sometimes ovate, obtusely sinuate, toothed or lobed or deeply cut, two to four inches long. The flowers are borne in what are called racemes, which later become one-sided; the outer part of the flower, the calyx, consists of slender lobes, the ...


Weeds Of Corn Fields., L. H. Pammel 2017 Iowa State College

Weeds Of Corn Fields., L. H. Pammel

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

Of the cereals, the corn crop is the most important in Iowa. The acreage devoted to this crop in 1897, according to Mr Sage1, amounted to 8,043,390. The average yield was 39 bushels per acre; total product, 313,692,210 bushels, having a market value of $43,916,904. Oats rank second, the re having been 5,825,000 acres with a total yield of 73,450,000 bushels, having a market value of $8,814,000. Wheat ranks third, with a total acreage of 751,708, total yield 10,398,785 bushels, with a value of ...


The Russian Thistle, L. H. Pammel 2017 Iowa State College

The Russian Thistle, L. H. Pammel

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

The reasons for the publication of a Russian thistle bulletin at this time are two-fold. The first bulletin,* issued in 1894, is nearly exhausted, and as there are numerous requests for the same it has seemed better to revise the old and add such new information as has come to hand. Secondly, we have had sufficient knowledge to enable us to say whether the weed has been as aggressive as it promised to be, and whether the weed has spread to any great extent in this state since 1894.


Sugar Beet Growing In Iowa, 1897., C. F. Curtiss, James Atkinson 2017 Iowa State College

Sugar Beet Growing In Iowa, 1897., C. F. Curtiss, James Atkinson

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

A widespread and general interest has been manifested in sugar beet growing during the past season. Through the cooperation and assistance of the United States department of agriculture, the Iowa Station distributed over 1,500 pounds of seed. The requests for this seed came from every county of the state. Instructions for preparing the soil, planting and growing the crop and forwarding samples for analysis have been sent with each package of seed, and nearly 1,200 samples of beets have been analyzed in our chemical laboratory, under the direction of Dr. J. B. Weems, the station chemist, and the ...


The San Jose Scale., Herbert Osborn 2017 Iowa State College

The San Jose Scale., Herbert Osborn

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

Although this dreaded pest is not known to occur at any point in Iowa, it seems essential to bring it to the attention of all interested in fruit trees, forest and ornamental shrubs.

Early in the season we issued a press circular calling attention to the imminent danger of its introduction (if not indeed already present but unnoticed) especially since it has been found in very serious abundance in the adjacent states of Illinois and Missouri.


The Alfalfa Leaf-Spot Disease., Robert Combs 2017 Iowa State College

The Alfalfa Leaf-Spot Disease., Robert Combs

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

This most destructive of all alfalfa diseases has been known since 1832, when it was described in France by Libert. It has had occasional notice by various authors since that time, but nothing has been done toward a more thorough understanding of its life cycle until in 1890, when Prof. Chester made some experiments which led him to believe that the disease could not be prevented by treating the seed, because, like corn smut, i. e., the disease entered its host through the green, growing parts, supposedly by atmospheric infection.


Some Botanical Notes On Corn., L. H. Pammel, Robert Combs 2017 Iowa State College

Some Botanical Notes On Corn., L. H. Pammel, Robert Combs

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

Corn is one of the chief crops of the Iowa farmer. In point of importance it is exceeded in value only by the hay crop, thus the tenth United States census records the yield of corn for Iowa at 275,014,247 bushels, and the eleventh census gives the yield of corn for Iowa at 313,130,782 bushels. Mr. Sage, of the Iowa Weather Service, reports the total yield of corn for Iowa in 1895 at 313,092,210 bushels, having a value of $43,916,909.40, and that last year’s hay and pasturage was valued at ...


Poisoning From Cow Bane., L. H. Pammel 2017 Iowa State College

Poisoning From Cow Bane., L. H. Pammel

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

The irequent poisoning from eating the root of Cowbane (CicIda maeulata, L) are not infrequent in the state of Iowa and elsewhere. It affects man, cattle and horses. Every now and then, there are accounts of poisoning from “wild parsnips” in our papers. The writer has at various times received communications with specimens of “wild parsnips.” The subject is of considerable interest and especially so because the plant is widely distributed in Iowa and a large number of people are not aware of the poisonous nature of the root. Spotted Cowbane is a member of the Carrot family or as ...


Two Noxious Weeds., L. H. Pammel 2017 Iowa State College

Two Noxious Weeds., L. H. Pammel

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

During the last few years the writer has received numerous requests to identify weeds; among them are two conspicuous, because of the of frequency in many parts of Iowa. The question seemed sufficiently important that last fall a press bulletin was sent out, describing these weeds and several others. The press bulletin was widely copied by our local papers and many responses came in. These weeds are so widely distributed in Iowa that a short account of these will be of service to Iowa farmers.


Bacteriosis Of Rutabaga., L. H. Pammel 2017 Iowa State College

Bacteriosis Of Rutabaga., L. H. Pammel

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

During the month of August, 1892, my attention was called to a disease of rutabagas, which, at that time, had consumed more than ten per cent of the crop. The disease was spreading rapidly, owing to the favorable conditions of the weather, warmth and moisture. The ground was very moist, owing to frequent rains in July and early August. The disease became so severe that in some patches, by the middle of September, more than half of the crop was destroyed ; it was equally disastrous to some yellow turnips.


Potato Scab And Its Prevention., 2017 Iowa State University

Potato Scab And Its Prevention.

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

Among the several diseases of the potato doing great injury none are more troublesome than potato scab. The theories and reasons assigned for the disease are numerous, but scientists have settled down to the conclusion that this disease is caused by a minute parasitic plant, known as Oosporascabies, Thaxter.1 It will not be necessary in this connection to review the work of other investigators concerning the various theories. These briefly are chemical action, mechanical irritation, excessive moisture, and the insect theory, and the insect fungus theory of Hopkins. It will be well to briefly consider the nature of potato ...


Growing Turnips, James Wilson 2017 Iowa State College

Growing Turnips, James Wilson

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

Scarcity of feed of a succulent nature, for milking cows, during the fall and early winter, suggested to us the growing of soft turnips for that purpose. Our dry, warm climate is not suited for turnips planted in the spring. They mature early and become rank flavored and unpalatable. European farmers grow them successfully, from spring planting, in. moist, cool climates, where the maize plant will not mature, and where the entire summer season is necessary to develop them. Fairly good success from planting them later, and fairly good results from feeding them to dairy cows, induced us to experiment ...


Botany Of Russian Thistle., L. H. Pammel 2017 Iowa State College

Botany Of Russian Thistle., L. H. Pammel

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

The widespread interest manifested in our state and elsewhere in the northwest indicates that the Russian Thistle (Salsola kali, variety traqus), is a miserable and execrable weed, doing much injury to agriculture.

At the request of the Director of the Experiment Station I have devoted a little time to the botany of this weed. Some attention has therefore been given to the study of the weed, its germination, the anatomy of the root, stem, leaf and seed. A study of the anatomy will be of interest, because its structure may best adapt it to growing on high, dry soil. Professor ...


Experiments With Fungicides., L. H. Pammel 2017 Iowa State College

Experiments With Fungicides., L. H. Pammel

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

In Bulletin No. 16* of this Experiment Station, we reported an experiment in trying to prevent wheat rust. The three common species of rust occurring on our wheat and oats in Iowa are, Covered Rust of Wheat (Puccinia rubigo-vera), Common Grass Rust (Puccinia graminis), and Crowned Rust (Puccinia coronata).


Notes On A Few Common Fungus Diseases., L. H. Pammel 2017 Iowa State College

Notes On A Few Common Fungus Diseases., L. H. Pammel

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

For a number of years the writer has made some observations on a disease of the plum and cherry which has received the common name of Scab. (Cladosporium carpophilum Von Thuemen). My attention was first attracted to this disease in the fall of 1889 when many varieties of Prunus americana suffered severely. It has been noted on this species every year since, with the exception of 1892 when the plum crop on the college grounds was a failure. In 1891 and 1892 it occured on such varieties of Prunus cerasus as Cerise d’Ostheim, Spate Amarelle, Shadow Amarelle and Wagner ...


The Impurities Of Clover Seed, F. C. Stewart 2017 Iowa State College

The Impurities Of Clover Seed, F. C. Stewart

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

The clover growing area of the United States embraces the states of California and Tennessee and all the region lying north of the parallel of 36° north latitude, between the Rocky Mountains on the west and the Atlantic Ocean on the east. In this part of the United States Red Clover has become an important agricultural plant. Clover seed is shipped by the carload from place to place and even across the water.

It is a well known fact that clover seed is one of the most impure seeds on the market. The majority of our troublesome weeds are naturalized ...


Prevention Of Corn Oats Smut, L. H. Pammel, F. C. Stewart 2017 Iowa State College

Prevention Of Corn Oats Smut, L. H. Pammel, F. C. Stewart

Bulletin (Iowa Agricultural Experiment Station)

Since the admirable experiments of Jensen in Denmark, Dr . J. C. Arthur, of Indiana,1 and Profs. Kellerman and Swingle in Kansas,2 there is no longer any doubt as to the advisability of treating to prevent oats smut and bunt of wheat with hot water. Kellerman and Swingle3 have shown that loose smut of wheat cannot be prevented by treating the seed. They also conducted a series of experiments to determine whether com smut can be prevented by treating the seed. Their results show that the treated contained as much smut as the check. The same year Pammel ...


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