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Long-Term Changes In Soil Surface Properties As Affected By Management Practices In A Wheat-Soybean, Double-Crop System, Machaela Morrison 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Long-Term Changes In Soil Surface Properties As Affected By Management Practices In A Wheat-Soybean, Double-Crop System, Machaela Morrison

Crop, Soil and Environmental Sciences Undergraduate Honors Theses

Long-term agricultural sustainability and productivity are controlled by the integrative effects of different management practices on the soil. Many Arkansas producers use the double-crop system to grow soybeans [Glycine max (L.) Merr] and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Studying combinations of different, non-traditional, alternative agricultural techniques may help producers better understand the long-term implications of various management practice options on sustainability and productivity. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of agricultural management practices, including residue level, tillage, irrigation, and burning, and soil depth on the change in various soil properties from 2010 to 2020 in a long-term ...


Baseline Sensitivity To Dmi Fungicides In Cercospora Spp. And Corynespora Spp. In Arkansas Soybeans, Evan Buckner 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Baseline Sensitivity To Dmi Fungicides In Cercospora Spp. And Corynespora Spp. In Arkansas Soybeans, Evan Buckner

Crop, Soil and Environmental Sciences Undergraduate Honors Theses

Cercospora spp. and Corynespora spp. are two common foliar fungal pathogens in Arkansas amongst other soybean producing areas. Two primary diseases caused by Cercospora spp. are Cercospora Leaf Blight (CLB, caused mainly by C. kikuchii) and Frogeye Leaf Spot (C. sojina). Both diseases affect foliage, and when lesions collapse, leaves may fall prematurely resulting in yield loss. In the specific case of CLB, this is a disease on the rise since 2000, and also causes seed infection reducing seed quality. Target spot is a disease caused by Corynespora cassiicola, and is of less damaging for farmers in larger soybean producing ...


Production, Evaluation, And Selection Of Elite Quality Protein Popcorn (Qpp) Hybrids, Leandra Parsons 2021 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Production, Evaluation, And Selection Of Elite Quality Protein Popcorn (Qpp) Hybrids, Leandra Parsons

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

In 2017, twelve Quality Protein Popcorn (QPP) inbred lines were developed and selected as premier dent by popcorn crosses fit for hybridization and testing. These QPP inbred lines were derived from specific Quality Protein dent Maize (QPM) by ConAgra Brands® popcorn line crosses to produce high lysine, vitreous popcorn lines capable of near-equal popping characteristics compared to the original popcorn parents. The QPP hybridization project commenced in the summer of 2018 utilizing these 12 inbred QPP lines and crossing them in a full diallel. Since then, the production of QPP hybrids has employed a diverse set of selection factors evaluating ...


Gmnf-Yc4-2 Increases Protein, Exhibits Broad Disease Resistance And Expedites Maturity In Soybean, Seth O’Conner, Wenguang Zheng, Mingsheng Qi, Yuba Kandel, Robert Fuller, Steven A. Whitham, Ling Li 2021 Mississippi State University

Gmnf-Yc4-2 Increases Protein, Exhibits Broad Disease Resistance And Expedites Maturity In Soybean, Seth O’Conner, Wenguang Zheng, Mingsheng Qi, Yuba Kandel, Robert Fuller, Steven A. Whitham, Ling Li

Plant Pathology and Microbiology Publications

The NF-Y gene family is a highly conserved set of transcription factors. The functional transcription factor complex is made up of a trimer between NF-YA, NF-YB, and NF-YC proteins. While mammals typically have one gene for each subunit, plants often have multigene families for each subunit which contributes to a wide variety of combinations and functions. Soybean plants with an overexpression of a particular NF-YC isoform GmNF-YC4-2 (Glyma.04g196200) in soybean cultivar Williams 82, had a lower amount of starch in its leaves, a higher amount of protein in its seeds, and increased broad disease resistance for bacterial, viral, and ...


A Microbiome Engineering Framework To Evaluate Rhizobial Symbionts Of Legumes, Kenjiro W. Quides, Hagop S. Atamian 2021 Chapman University

A Microbiome Engineering Framework To Evaluate Rhizobial Symbionts Of Legumes, Kenjiro W. Quides, Hagop S. Atamian

Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles and Research

Background

For well over a century, rhizobia have been recognized as effective biofertilizer options for legume crops. This has led to the widespread use of rhizobial inoculants in agricultural systems, but a recurring issue has emerged: applied rhizobia struggle to provide growth benefits to legume crops. This has largely been attributed to the presence of soil rhizobia and has been termed the ‘rhizobial competition problem.’

Scope

Microbiome engineering has emerged as a methodology to circumvent the rhizobial competition problem by creating legume microbiomes that do not require exogenous rhizobia. However, we highlight an alternative implementation of microbiome engineering that focuses ...


Cultivating Hops For Cone Production In Nebraska, Stacy A. Adams 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Cultivating Hops For Cone Production In Nebraska, Stacy A. Adams

Agronomy & Horticulture -- Faculty Publications

The hop cone is the primary product of agronomic value when growing Humulus lupulus L. (common hop). Cones are modified stem and leaf structures that protect the female flower cluster that forms chemical compounds important for flavoring beer and other uses. The majority of hops in the United States (~96%) is grown in the states of Washington, Oregon, and Idaho. Hops can be grown in very diverse climates, but it is the climatic consistency of the Pacific NW that provides product consistency and reasoning commercial hops production is prevalent in the region. Hops is a niche crop outside of the ...


Mosaic Agriculture: A Guide To Irrigated Crop And Forage Production In Northern Wa, Geoff A. Moore Mr, Clinton K. Revell Dr, Christopher Schelfhout Dr, Christopher Ham Mr, Samuel Crouch Mr 2021 DPIRD, Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development

Mosaic Agriculture: A Guide To Irrigated Crop And Forage Production In Northern Wa, Geoff A. Moore Mr, Clinton K. Revell Dr, Christopher Schelfhout Dr, Christopher Ham Mr, Samuel Crouch Mr

Bulletins 4000 -

The Bulletin is a comprehensive guide for pastoralists, agronomists, agribusiness and the broader community on the growing of irrigated crops and pastures within a rangeland pastoral setting.

Dispersed irrigation developments on stations throughout the northern rangelands (sometimes referred to as mosaic agriculture) has created opportunities for the introduction of more productive forage species and pastoralists can now grow high quality forage for 12 months of the year. This can help to overcome the key constraint of traditional pastoral systems, the low quality of the feed over the dry season that typically results in stock losing condition.


Wayne E. Sabbe Arkansas Soil Fertility Studies 2020, Nathan A. Slaton 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Wayne E. Sabbe Arkansas Soil Fertility Studies 2020, Nathan A. Slaton

Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Series

Rapid technological changes in crop management and production require that the research efforts be presented in an expeditious manner. The contributions of soil fertility and fertilizers are major production factors in all Arkansas crops. The studies described within will allow producers to compare their practices with the university’s research efforts. Additionally, soil-test data and fertilizer sales are presented to allow comparisons among years, crops, and other areas within Arkansas.


Soils Laboratory Manual: K-State Edition, Version 2.0, Colby J. Moorberg, David A. Crouse 2021 Kansas State University

Soils Laboratory Manual: K-State Edition, Version 2.0, Colby J. Moorberg, David A. Crouse

NPP eBooks

The Soils Laboratory Manual, K-State Edition is designed for students in undergraduate, introductory soil science courses. The manual highlights the multidisciplinary aspects of soil science with laboratories focused on soil formation, classification, and mapping; soil physics, soil biology; soil chemistry; and soil fertility and management. The lab manual includes 16 different laboratories, each one starting with an introduction and pre-lab assignment, followed by in-lab activities, and complimented by a post-lab assignment. In-lab activities involve field trips, experiments, observation stations, or problem sets. Post-lab assignments include online quizzes, problem sets, or laboratory summary reports.

Version 2 of the lab manual exhibits ...


Agricultural Innovation And Adaptation To Climate Change: Insights From Genetically Engineered Maize, Seungki Lee, Yongjie Ji, Giancarlo Moschini 2021 Iowa State University

Agricultural Innovation And Adaptation To Climate Change: Insights From Genetically Engineered Maize, Seungki Lee, Yongjie Ji, Giancarlo Moschini

CARD Working Papers

Climate change is one of the major threats to the global food supply, and adaptation by technological progress is believed to be essential. What is the scope of the required innovation tasks? To address this question, we estimate the yield gain in US maize production due to a major novel technology: genetically engineered (GE) varieties. Next, the yield model is used to extrapolate future expected yields given climate change projections from twenty large-scale models and two warming scenarios. We find that climate change entails significant yield shortfalls. The scale of these yield gaps, by the end of the century, ranges ...


Direct Agroinoculation Of Maize Seedlings By Injection With Recombinant Foxtail Mosaic Virus And Sugarcane Mosaic Virus Infectious Clones, Bliss M. Beernink, Katerina L. Holan, Ryan R. Lappe, Steven A. Whitham 2021 Iowa State University

Direct Agroinoculation Of Maize Seedlings By Injection With Recombinant Foxtail Mosaic Virus And Sugarcane Mosaic Virus Infectious Clones, Bliss M. Beernink, Katerina L. Holan, Ryan R. Lappe, Steven A. Whitham

Plant Pathology and Microbiology Publications

Agrobacterium-based inoculation approaches are widely used for introducing viral vectors into plant tissues. This study details a protocol for the injection of maize seedlings near meristematic tissue with Agrobacterium carrying a viral vector. Recombinant foxtail mosaic virus (FoMV) clones engineered for gene silencing and gene expression were used to optimize this method, and its use was expanded to include a recombinant sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV) engineered for gene expression. Gene fragments or coding sequences of interest are inserted into a modified, infectious viral genome that has been cloned into the binary T-DNA plasmid vector pCAMBIA1380. The resulting plasmid constructs ...


Soil Properties Limiting Vegetation Establishment Along Roadsides, Shad D. Mills, Martha Mamo, Sabrina J. Ruis, Humberto Blanco-Canqui, Walter Schacht, Tala Awada, Xu Li, Pamela Sutton 2021 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Soil Properties Limiting Vegetation Establishment Along Roadsides, Shad D. Mills, Martha Mamo, Sabrina J. Ruis, Humberto Blanco-Canqui, Walter Schacht, Tala Awada, Xu Li, Pamela Sutton

Agronomy & Horticulture -- Faculty Publications

Roadside vegetation provides a multitude of ecosystem services, including pollutant remediation, runoff reduction, wildlife habitat, and aesthetic scenery. Establishment of permanent vegetation along paved roads after construction can be challenging, particularly within 1 m of the pavement. Adverse soil conditions could be one of the leading factors limiting roadside vegetation growth. In this study, we assessed soil physical and chemical properties along a transect perpendicular to the road at six microtopographic positions (road edge, shoulder, side slope, ditch, backslope, and field edge) along two highway segments near Beaver Crossing and Sargent, NE. At the Beaver Crossing site, Na concentration was ...


Allelopathy Research In Global Perspective: A Scientometric Study Of Academic Productivity Over A Period Of 25 Years (1995 - 2019), Abdurahiman Pattukuthu, Abdul Jaleel Pottachola, Mohamed Idhris 2021 Deanship of Library Affairs, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia

Allelopathy Research In Global Perspective: A Scientometric Study Of Academic Productivity Over A Period Of 25 Years (1995 - 2019), Abdurahiman Pattukuthu, Abdul Jaleel Pottachola, Mohamed Idhris

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This research is concerned with the Allelopathy research literature published from 1995 to 2019 obtained from SCOPUS and studied to identify the trends in research publication in terms of various document types, annual growth, the share of publication, citation growth, average citation per paper, most productive country, authors, journals, highly cited articles during this period. These factors were identified and compared for their research impact over a period of 25 years.


A Comparison Of Media To Determine Optimal Growth In Aquaponics: Prg Virtual Showcase January 2021, Rachel L. Fogle, Andrea Nagy, Claribel Asare, Steven Berry, Jordan Brown, Aquila Durham-Lewis 2021 Harrisburg University of Science and Technology

A Comparison Of Media To Determine Optimal Growth In Aquaponics: Prg Virtual Showcase January 2021, Rachel L. Fogle, Andrea Nagy, Claribel Asare, Steven Berry, Jordan Brown, Aquila Durham-Lewis

Presidential Research Grants

No abstract provided.


Robotic Agricultural Instrument For Automated Extraction Of Nematode Cysts And Eggs From Soil To Improve Integrated Pest Management, Christopher M. Legner, Gregory L. Tylka, Santosh Pandey 2021 Iowa State University

Robotic Agricultural Instrument For Automated Extraction Of Nematode Cysts And Eggs From Soil To Improve Integrated Pest Management, Christopher M. Legner, Gregory L. Tylka, Santosh Pandey

Plant Pathology and Microbiology Publications

Soybeans are an important crop for global food security. Every year, soybean yields are reduced by numerous soybean diseases, particularly the soybean cyst nematode (SCN). It is difficult to visually identify the presence of SCN in the field, let alone its population densities or numbers, as there are no obvious aboveground disease symptoms. The only definitive way to assess SCN population densities is to directly extract the SCN cysts from soil and then extract the eggs from cysts and count them. Extraction is typically conducted in commercial soil analysis laboratories and university plant diagnostic clinics and involves repeated steps of ...


Known Distribution Of The Soybean Cyst Nematode, Heterodera Glycines, In The United States And Canada In 2020, Gregory L. Tylka, Christopher C. Marett 2021 Iowa State University

Known Distribution Of The Soybean Cyst Nematode, Heterodera Glycines, In The United States And Canada In 2020, Gregory L. Tylka, Christopher C. Marett

Plant Pathology and Microbiology Publications

In the United States and Canada, the most damaging pathogen of soybean, Glycine max, is the soybean cyst nematode (SCN), Heterodera glycines. Plant health professionals working for universities and state and provincial departments of agriculture in the United States and Canada are queried periodically about counties and rural municipalities that are newly known to be infested with SCN in their states and provinces. Such a census was conducted in 2020, and the results were compared with results of the most recent survey, published in 2017. Between 2017 and 2020, 55 new SCN-infested counties were reported from 11 U.S. states ...


Improving Publicly Available Corn Nitrogen Rate Recommendation Tools With Soil And Weather Measurements, Curtis J. Ransom, Newell R. Kitchen, John E. Sawyer, James J. Camberato, Paul R. Carter, Richard B. Ferguson, Fabián G. Fernández, David W. Franzen, Carrie A. M. Laboski, D. Brenton Myers, Emerson D. Nafziger, John F. Shanahan 2021 U.S. Department of Agriculture

Improving Publicly Available Corn Nitrogen Rate Recommendation Tools With Soil And Weather Measurements, Curtis J. Ransom, Newell R. Kitchen, John E. Sawyer, James J. Camberato, Paul R. Carter, Richard B. Ferguson, Fabián G. Fernández, David W. Franzen, Carrie A. M. Laboski, D. Brenton Myers, Emerson D. Nafziger, John F. Shanahan

Agronomy Publications

Improving corn (Zea mays L.) N fertilizer rate recommendation tools is necessary for improving farmers’ profits and minimizing N pollution. Research has repeatedly shown that weather and soil factors influence available N and crop N need. Adjusting available corn N recommendation tools with soil and weather measurements could improve farmers’ ability to manage N. The aim of this research was to improve publicly available N recommendation tools with site‐specific soil and weather measurements. Information from 49 site‐years of N response trials in the U.S. Midwest was used to evaluate 21 rate recommendation tools for a single (at ...


Lengthening Of Maize Maturity Time Is Not A Widespread Climate Change Adaptation Strategy In The Us Midwest, Lori J. Abendroth, Fernando E. Miguez, Michael J. Castellano, Paul R. Carter, Carlos D. Messina, Philip M. Dixon, Jerry L. Hatfield 2021 Iowa State University

Lengthening Of Maize Maturity Time Is Not A Widespread Climate Change Adaptation Strategy In The Us Midwest, Lori J. Abendroth, Fernando E. Miguez, Michael J. Castellano, Paul R. Carter, Carlos D. Messina, Philip M. Dixon, Jerry L. Hatfield

Agronomy Publications

Increasing temperatures in the US Midwest are projected to reduce maize yields because warmer temperatures hasten reproductive development and, as a result, shorten the grain fill period. However, there is widespread expectation that farmers will mitigate projected yield losses by planting longer season hybrids that lengthen the grain fill period. Here, we ask: (a) how current hybrid maturity length relates to thermal availability of the local climate, and (b) if farmers are shifting to longer season hybrids in response to a warming climate. To address these questions, we used county‐level Pioneer brand hybrid sales (Corteva Agriscience) across 17 years ...


Understanding Food And Climate Change: A Systems Perspective, Megan Brockelbank 2021 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Understanding Food And Climate Change: A Systems Perspective, Megan Brockelbank

Sustainability Education Resources

Climate change will profoundly affect our lives in many ways, even down to the very food we eat. Food is essential for survival and our complex food system, and all that depends on it, face a big threat with climate change. Throughout the semester we will explore the links between the food system and our changing climate with an emphasis on systems thinking. In science we tend to segregate, looking at just one part of a system, while systems thinking looks at the whole picture. Using this approach, we will think critically about how to build a more resilient food ...


Does Biochar Improve All Soil Ecosystem Services?, Humberto Blanco-Canqui 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Does Biochar Improve All Soil Ecosystem Services?, Humberto Blanco-Canqui

Agronomy & Horticulture -- Faculty Publications

Biochar is considered to sequester C and deliver other soil ecosystem services, but an overview that synthesizes the current knowledge of biochar implications on all essential soil ecosystem services is difficult to find in the ample biochar literature. Most previous research and review articles on this topic focused on a single ecosystem service and did not integrate all essential soil ecosystem services. This overview paper (1) synthesizes the impacts of biochar on water and wind erosion, C sequestration, soil water, nutrient leaching, soil fertility, crop yields, and other soil ecosystem services based on published literature and (2) highlights remaining research ...


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