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Isolation, Structure Elucidation, And Synthesis Of Natural Products From Marine Cyanobacteria, Keren Solomon 2020 Duquesne University

Isolation, Structure Elucidation, And Synthesis Of Natural Products From Marine Cyanobacteria, Keren Solomon

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis describes the isolation, structure elucidation, and synthesis of natural products from marine cyanobacteria. A crude extract from a cyanobacterium collected in Curacao showed selective affinity for the dopamine D5 receptor in a screen against a panel of CNS receptors. Due to the high similarity of the D5 and D1 receptor, to date there are no known ligands that differentiate them. Attempts to purify the compound responsible for this affinity led to the isolation of the known compound caylobolide A. A second extract from a cyanobacterium collected in Panama underwent bioassay-guided fractionation and yielded the novel ...


Acute And Subacute Oral Toxicity Assessment Of Dry Encapsulated And Non-Encapsulated Green Coffee Fruit Extracts, Wanessa Costa Silva Faria, Alessandra Almeida da Silva, Natalie Veggi, Nair Honda Kawashita, Suelem A. de França Lemes, Wander Miguel de Barros, Edemilson da Conceiç~ao Cardoso, Attilio Converti, Waldenia de Melo Moura, Neura Bragagnolo 2020 Department of Food Science, Faculty of Food Engineering, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, Brazil

Acute And Subacute Oral Toxicity Assessment Of Dry Encapsulated And Non-Encapsulated Green Coffee Fruit Extracts, Wanessa Costa Silva Faria, Alessandra Almeida Da Silva, Natalie Veggi, Nair Honda Kawashita, Suelem A. De França Lemes, Wander Miguel De Barros, Edemilson Da Conceiç~Ao Cardoso, Attilio Converti, Waldenia De Melo Moura, Neura Bragagnolo

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

The coffee fruit is a high source of bioactive compounds such as phenolic acids and methylxanthines, comprising chlorogenic acids and caffeine, respectively. Extract from this matrix may be used as supplement or active ingredient of functional foods, energy drinks, cosmetics or drugs. Safety of caffeine- and chlorogenic acid-rich encapsulated and nonencapsulated hydroethanolic extracts from green coffee fruit (GCFE) was assessed by acute and subacute toxicity tests. In the acute test, oral single dosage until 1000 mg/kg per body weight (bw) did not show any adverse effect on both female and male mice according to the Hippocratic screening and clinical ...


Evaluation Of Analysis Of Cholesterol Oxidation Products And Heterocyclic Amines In Duck And Their Formation As Affected By Roasting Methods, Kai-Yu Hsu, Baskaran Stephen Inbaraj, Bing-Huei Chen 2020 Department of Food Science, Fu Jen Catholic University, New Taipei City, Taiwan

Evaluation Of Analysis Of Cholesterol Oxidation Products And Heterocyclic Amines In Duck And Their Formation As Affected By Roasting Methods, Kai-Yu Hsu, Baskaran Stephen Inbaraj, Bing-Huei Chen

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Roast duck, a popular meat commodity in Asian countries especially Taiwan and China, can produce many types of toxic compounds such as cholesterol oxidation products (COPs) and heterocyclic amines (HAs). The objectives of this study were to evaluate analysis of COPs and HAs in duck by GCeMS and UPLC-MS/MS respectively, and study their formation as affected by roasting methods including traditional oven, fan oven and superheated steam oven. Results showed that both high precision and accuracy was attained by using the QuEChERS method with reduced separation time of 14 min for 7 COPs and 4.5 min for 21 ...


Preparation, Evaluation And Metabolites Study In Rats Of Novel Isoginkgetin-Loaded Tpgs/Soluplus Mixed Nanomicelles, Xue Feng, Yu-Ting Chen, Lu-Ya Li, Yu-Peng Sun, Hai-Rong Wang, Lan-Tong Zhang 2020 Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, School of Pharmacy, Hebei Medical University,China

Preparation, Evaluation And Metabolites Study In Rats Of Novel Isoginkgetin-Loaded Tpgs/Soluplus Mixed Nanomicelles, Xue Feng, Yu-Ting Chen, Lu-Ya Li, Yu-Peng Sun, Hai-Rong Wang, Lan-Tong Zhang

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

At present, cancer is one of the most lethal diseases in the world, and researchers are committed to developing effective anticancer drugs. Isoginkgetin (IGG) is a kind of biflavone with the potential to treat cancer due to the features of altering the cell cycle and inhibiting tumor cell infiltration. However, its solubility, absorbability and bioavailability are poor, so in this study, IGG was prepared into mixed nanomicelles and evaluated in vitro and in vivo. After condition optimization, IGG-loaded TPGS/soluplus mixed nanomicelles with particle size of 62.34 ± 1.10 nm, entrapment efficiency of 96.92 ± 0.66% and drug ...


Rapid Identification Of Nicotine In Electronic Cigarette Liquids Based On Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering, Jun-Yi Chien, Yong-Chun Gu, Hsin-Mei Tsai, Chun-Hao Liu, Chia-Yuan Yen, Yuh-Lin Wang, Juen-Kai Wang, Chi-Hung Lin 2020 Institute of Atomic and Molecular Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan

Rapid Identification Of Nicotine In Electronic Cigarette Liquids Based On Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering, Jun-Yi Chien, Yong-Chun Gu, Hsin-Mei Tsai, Chun-Hao Liu, Chia-Yuan Yen, Yuh-Lin Wang, Juen-Kai Wang, Chi-Hung Lin

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Nicotine-containing electronic cigarette liquid (e-liquid) is prohibited in many countries, creating requirements for rapid detection approaches for on-site inspection or screening for large amounts of samples. Here, we demonstrate a simple way to identify nicotine using surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) with substrates made of silver nanoparticle arrays imbedded in anodic aluminum oxide nanochannels (Ag/AAO). Compared with the reported colloidal nanoparticle-based SERS, that required serial dilutions to enable colloid aggregation in the viscous e-liquid, a small amount of undiluted e-liquid sample can be directly added onto our solid-phase Ag/AAO substrate without any pre-treatment. The sensitivity of our SERS measurements ...


A Multi-Analyte Lc-Ms/Ms Method For Screening And Quantification Of Nitrosamines In Sartans, Shu-Han Chang, Ching-Chia Chang, Li-Jing Wang, Wei-Ching Chen, Shu-Yu Fan, Chi-Zong Zang, Ya-Hui Hsu, Mei-Chih Lin, Su-Hsiang Tseng, Der-Yuan Wang 2020 Food and Drug Administration, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Taipei,Taiwan

A Multi-Analyte Lc-Ms/Ms Method For Screening And Quantification Of Nitrosamines In Sartans, Shu-Han Chang, Ching-Chia Chang, Li-Jing Wang, Wei-Ching Chen, Shu-Yu Fan, Chi-Zong Zang, Ya-Hui Hsu, Mei-Chih Lin, Su-Hsiang Tseng, Der-Yuan Wang

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

An incident of sartan medicine contamination was notified by Europe in June 2018. The contaminant was identified as a probable carcinogenic nitrosamine and the recalls of sartan medicines were soon made. Since then, more nitrosamine contaminants in sartan medicines were reported. To broaden the applicability and variety in nitrosamine determination, a multi-analyte method is required. In this study, a feasible and sensitive multi-analyte LC-MS/MS method for determination of 12 nitrosamines in sartans was established, where the active pharmaceutical ingredients and final products merchandised in Taiwan were also examined. Chromatographic separation was achieved on an Xselect® HSS T3 column (15 ...


Anti-Inflammatory Effects Of Peptides From A Marine Algicolous Fungus Acremonium Sp. Ntu492 In Bv-2 Microglial Cells, George Hsiao, Shih-Wei Wang, Yin-Ru Chiang, Wei-Chiung Chi, Yueh-Hsiung Kuo, Do Anh Phong, Chia-Yu Chen, Tzong-Huei Lee 2020 Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan

Anti-Inflammatory Effects Of Peptides From A Marine Algicolous Fungus Acremonium Sp. Ntu492 In Bv-2 Microglial Cells, George Hsiao, Shih-Wei Wang, Yin-Ru Chiang, Wei-Chiung Chi, Yueh-Hsiung Kuo, Do Anh Phong, Chia-Yu Chen, Tzong-Huei Lee

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Located in tropical and subtropical region, Taiwan is an island with high algal species diversity. In this study, a number of fungal strains were isolated from marine macroalgae collected from northeastern intertidal zone of Taiwan. Preliminary anti-inflammatory screening has shown that the methanolic extracts of solid fermented products of the red alga Mastophora rosea-derived fungal strain Acremonium sp. NTU492 exhibited significant bioactivity. In an attempt to disclose the active principles from this fungal strain, a series of separation and purification was thus undertaken, which has led to the isolation and characterization of seven compounds including four new peptides, namely acrepeptins ...


A Rapid Strategy For Screening High-Efficiency Pcsk9 Inhibitors From Ginkgo Biloba Leaves By Ligand Fishing, Hplc-Q-Tof-Ms And Interdisciplinary Assay, Li Li, Meng-Lin Fan, Ya-Nan Li, Ya-Xuan Huang, Xiu-Feng Liu, Ji-Hua Liu 2020 Jiangsu Key Laboratory of TCM Evaluation and Translational Research, School of Traditional Chinese Pharmacy, China

A Rapid Strategy For Screening High-Efficiency Pcsk9 Inhibitors From Ginkgo Biloba Leaves By Ligand Fishing, Hplc-Q-Tof-Ms And Interdisciplinary Assay, Li Li, Meng-Lin Fan, Ya-Nan Li, Ya-Xuan Huang, Xiu-Feng Liu, Ji-Hua Liu

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is an attractive target for new cholesterol-lowering drug development. Here, we developed a method integrating ligand fishing, HPLC-Q-TOF-MS and interdisciplinary assay, aiming to explore potential PCSK9 inhibitors from mixtures rapidly and accurately. PCSK9 was expressed and purified firstly, and then the recombined PCSK9 was coated on the surface of magnetic beads (MBs). The PCSK9-immobilized MBs (PCSK9-MBs) were used for ligand fishing combined with HPLC and Q-TOF-MS/MS. Ginkgo biloba leaves (GBL), an herbal medicine widely used in Asia and Europe with good efficacy in treatment of hypercholesterolemia, were chosen as an illustration for ...


Analysis Of Flavor And Other Metabolites In Lemon Juice (Citrus Limon) From Huanglongbing-Affected Trees Grafted On Different Rootstocks, Laura Reuss, Shi Feng, Wei-Lun Hung, Qibin Yu, Frederick G. Gmitter Jr, Yu Wang 2020 Citrus Research and Education Center, Food Science and Human Nutrition, University of Florida, Lake Alfred, Florida, USA

Analysis Of Flavor And Other Metabolites In Lemon Juice (Citrus Limon) From Huanglongbing-Affected Trees Grafted On Different Rootstocks, Laura Reuss, Shi Feng, Wei-Lun Hung, Qibin Yu, Frederick G. Gmitter Jr, Yu Wang

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Flavor perception integrates sensory input from chemical receptors triggered by taste- and aroma-active metabolites to contribute to food flavor quality. Many factors alter flavor quality. Disease affects aroma and flavonoid constituents, causing off-flavors in plants. Huanglongbing (HLB) disease negatively affects citrus, although lemons are more tolerant. Lemon juice quality of HLB-affected fruits is not well studied. Lemon juice aroma-active compounds were profiled in this study using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry-olfactometry, and other metabolites contributing to overall flavor quality were investigated. Lemon juice from different rootstocks was discriminated using the metabolic profile. Flavor and other lemon juice metabolites also distinguished symptomatic ...


Chemometric Authentication Of Pu'er Teas In Terms Of Multielement Stable Isotope Ratios Analysis By Ea-Irms And Icp-Ms, Honglin Liu, Yitao Zeng, Xin Zhao, Huarong Tong 2020 College of Food Science, Southwest University, Chongqing, China

Chemometric Authentication Of Pu'er Teas In Terms Of Multielement Stable Isotope Ratios Analysis By Ea-Irms And Icp-Ms, Honglin Liu, Yitao Zeng, Xin Zhao, Huarong Tong

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

In this work, the stable isotope ratios of carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen, oxygen, and mineral elements and their stoichiometric methods were examined as possible factors that could certify Chinese tea based on its production years. A total of 43 multi-element stable isotope ratios of Xiangzhujing Pu'er tea in five production years were determined through inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and elemental analyzer-isotope ratio mass spectrometry (EA-IRMS) methods. Two unsupervised learning techniques (principal component analysis and hierarchical clustering analysis) and three supervised learning techniques (partial least squares discriminant analysis [PLS-DA], back-propagation artificial neural network [BP-ANN], and linear discriminant analysis [LDA ...


The Chemical Aspects Of Raman Spectroscopy: Statistical Structure-Spectrum Relationship In The Analyses Of Bioflavonoids, Chih-Hsien Wang, Chia-Chi Huang, Wenlung Chen, Yen-Shi Lai 2020 National Chiayi University, Taiwan

The Chemical Aspects Of Raman Spectroscopy: Statistical Structure-Spectrum Relationship In The Analyses Of Bioflavonoids, Chih-Hsien Wang, Chia-Chi Huang, Wenlung Chen, Yen-Shi Lai

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Raman spectroscopy has been accepted as a useful tool for the characterization of natural products. However, to identify a specific compound in a mixture sample of natural products using Raman spectra alone is highly challenging if not impossible. We demonstrated an effective solution to such issues using a method combining statistical Raman spectroscopy and Mass spectrometry. The method was validated with a successful application to the identification of the major anthocyanin components in a purple yam (Dioscorea purpurea) extract. Of particular interest is that statistical grouping of the bioflavonoid standards that formed the database of this study was found to ...


Screening For Malachite Green Contamination On Live Fish Skin With Chewing Gum Based Viscoelastic Sers Sensor, Wan-Li Fan, Shi-Wei Yang, Dong-Mei Wang, Zheng-Jun Gong, Mei-Kun Fan 2020 Faculty of Geosciences and Environmental Engineering, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China

Screening For Malachite Green Contamination On Live Fish Skin With Chewing Gum Based Viscoelastic Sers Sensor, Wan-Li Fan, Shi-Wei Yang, Dong-Mei Wang, Zheng-Jun Gong, Mei-Kun Fan

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Malachite green (MG), a prohibited but still found antimicrobial in aquafarm and during live fish shipping, is a hot target in food safety screening. Herein, a novel chewing gum based flexible SERS (G-SERS) sensor was proposed for rapid sampling and detection of MG on live fish skin. The whole analysis takesmin, while the limit of detection for MG is 0.73 pg. Different from other reports, MG contaminated live fish was monitored daily with the G-SERS sensor, during which the fish was firstly raised in 0.5 ppm MG solution for one day, followed by freshwater for a week. It ...


Uplc-Qtof-Ms Fingerprinting Combined With Chemometrics To Assess The Solvent Extraction Efficiency, Phytochemical Variation, And Antioxidant Activities Of Beta Vulgaris L., Junyi Wang, Guddadarangavvanahally Krishnareddy Jayaprakasha, Bhimanagouda S. Patil 2020 Vegetable and Fruit Improvement Center, Department of Horticultural Sciences, USA

Uplc-Qtof-Ms Fingerprinting Combined With Chemometrics To Assess The Solvent Extraction Efficiency, Phytochemical Variation, And Antioxidant Activities Of Beta Vulgaris L., Junyi Wang, Guddadarangavvanahally Krishnareddy Jayaprakasha, Bhimanagouda S. Patil

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Accurate assays of plant antioxidants and other phytochemicals require efficient extraction conditions and enable rigorous assessments of crop varieties and production systems. This study assessed the extraction of phytochemicals and antioxidants from conventionally or organically grown red and golden beets (Beta vulgaris L.), using twenty solvent (S1eS20) mixtures containing water, methanol, and ethanol alone or with acids (ascorbic, formic, acetic). Red beetroot extracted with methanol with or without acid had the highest betanin content (2791.0 mg/g and 8222.3 mg/g of fresh weight [FW], respectively) and golden beetroot extracted with methanol/ascorbic acid/water had the highest ...


Food Preservative Sorbic Acid Deregulates Hepatic Fatty Acid Metabolism, Chia-Hui Chen, Sin-Ni Ho, Po-An Hu, Yu Ru Kou, Tzong-Shyuan Lee 2020 Graduate Institute and Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan

Food Preservative Sorbic Acid Deregulates Hepatic Fatty Acid Metabolism, Chia-Hui Chen, Sin-Ni Ho, Po-An Hu, Yu Ru Kou, Tzong-Shyuan Lee

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Sorbic acid (SA) is one of the most commonly used food preservatives worldwide. Despite SA having no hepatotoxicity at legal dosages, its effect on hepatic lipid metabolism is still unclear. We investigated the effect of SA on hepatic lipid metabolism and its mechanism of action in C57BL/6 mice. Daily treatment with SA (1 g/kg in diet) for 4 weeks did not alter the body weight, organ weight, and blood lipids in mice. However, hepatic lipid accumulation, particularly that of triglycerides, fatty acids, and glycerol, but not cholesteryl ester and free cholesterol, was increased with SA treatment. Mechanistically, SA ...


The Potential Role Of Phenolic Compounds On Modulating Gut Microbiota In Obesity, Gow-Chin Yen, Hsin-Lin Cheng, Li-Yu Lin, Chin Lin Hsu 2020 Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan

The Potential Role Of Phenolic Compounds On Modulating Gut Microbiota In Obesity, Gow-Chin Yen, Hsin-Lin Cheng, Li-Yu Lin, Chin Lin Hsu

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Obesity is a rising public health issue and challenge which is tightly correlated with socio-economic development paralleled with increased energy intake and sedentary behavior that subsequently cause adipose tissue accumulation. Physiological and metabolic status changes during obesity development have been suggested with low grade inflammation of gastrointestinal tract. The gut microbiota plays an essential role in regulating whole body energy metabolism and also lipid accumulation, and immunity of host. However, the detail mechanism of which the gut microbiota composition influence obesity development in humans still need deeper investigation owing to the complex pathophysiology of such disease. Recently, the consumption of ...


Quercetin And Vitamin C: An Experimental, Synergistic Therapy For The Prevention And Treatment Of Sars-Cov-2 Related Disease (Covid-19), Ruben Manuel Luciano Colunga Biancatelli, Max Berrill, John D. Catravas, Paul Ellis Marik 2020 Old Dominion University

Quercetin And Vitamin C: An Experimental, Synergistic Therapy For The Prevention And Treatment Of Sars-Cov-2 Related Disease (Covid-19), Ruben Manuel Luciano Colunga Biancatelli, Max Berrill, John D. Catravas, Paul Ellis Marik

Bioelectrics Publications

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) represents an emergent global threat which is straining worldwide healthcare capacity. As of May 27th, the disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) has resulted in more than 340,000 deaths worldwide, with 100,000 deaths in the US alone. It is imperative to study and develop pharmacological treatments suitable for the prevention and treatment of COVID-19. Ascorbic acid is a crucial vitamin necessary for the correct functioning of the immune system. It plays a role in stress response and has shown promising results when administered to the critically ill. Quercetin is a well-known flavonoid whose ...


Indomethacin Exposure Is Associated With Birthweight In Extremely Preterm Infants: Non-Standard Exposure With Standard Weight-Based Dosing, Bradley C. Stockard 2020 Children's Mercy Hospital

Indomethacin Exposure Is Associated With Birthweight In Extremely Preterm Infants: Non-Standard Exposure With Standard Weight-Based Dosing, Bradley C. Stockard

Research Days

No abstract provided.


Hiv-1 Tat Interactions With Opioids Are Modulated By Progesterone And Estradiol, Dejun Jackson 2020 University of Mississippi

Hiv-1 Tat Interactions With Opioids Are Modulated By Progesterone And Estradiol, Dejun Jackson

Honors Theses

HIV infection and combined substance abuse are comorbid epidemics. Previous studies show that concurrent opioid drug use may potentiate HIV-1-mediated neurotoxicity partly via interactions with opioids. Preclinical studies suggest that the HIV-1 trans-activator of transcription (Tat), an HIV regulatory protein, can synergize with opioids to exacerbate its already neurotoxic effects. However, its interactions with clinical opioids, such as oxycodone, have yet to be elucidated. Additionally, Tat disrupts a number of systems including the dopaminergic system, which contribute to its capacity to potentiate the rewarding effects of abused drugs. Although the neurotoxic effects of Tat may be inhibited by gonadal steroids ...


Impacts Of Embryonic Exposure To Cannabidiol Or ∆9-Tetrahydrocannabinol On Zebrafish (Danio Rerio) Frailty In F0 And F1 Generations, Anika Faruque 2020 University of Mississippi

Impacts Of Embryonic Exposure To Cannabidiol Or ∆9-Tetrahydrocannabinol On Zebrafish (Danio Rerio) Frailty In F0 And F1 Generations, Anika Faruque

Honors Theses

Exposure to cannabinoids during critical development periods has increased with epileptic children being commonly prescribed CBD for seizures and pregnant women taking it recreationally. Many studies have been done on the possible benefits and drawbacks of cannabinoid exposure on the human brain, but not much is known about how it can affect the developing brain long-term. To see the potential adverse effects of cannabinoid exposure during critical stages of development and discover potential developmental origins of disease in consuming cannabinoids during embryogenesis, zebrafish embryos (6-96 hours post fertilization) were exposed to varying concentrations of CBD (0.02, 0.1, 0 ...


Long-Distance Phasing Of A Tentative "Enhancer" Single-Nucleotide Polymorphism With, Erin C. Boone, Wendy Y. Wang, R Gaedigk, Mariana Cherner, Anick Bérard, J Steven Leeder, Neil A. Miller, Andrea Gaedigk 2020 Children's Mercy Hospital

Long-Distance Phasing Of A Tentative "Enhancer" Single-Nucleotide Polymorphism With, Erin C. Boone, Wendy Y. Wang, R Gaedigk, Mariana Cherner, Anick Bérard, J Steven Leeder, Neil A. Miller, Andrea Gaedigk

Manuscripts, Articles, Book Chapters and Other Papers

Background: The CYP2D6 gene locus has been extensively studied over decades, yet a portion of variability in CYP2D6 activity cannot be explained by known sequence variations within the gene, copy number variation, or structural rearrangements. It was proposed that rs5758550, located 116 kb downstream of the CYP2D6 gene locus, increases gene expression and thus contributes to variability in CYP2D6 activity. This finding has, however, not been validated. The purpose of the study was to address a major technological barrier, i.e., experimentally linking rs5758550, also referred to as the "enhancer" single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), to CYP2D6 haplotypes >100 kb away. To ...


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