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Cytotoxity Of Saponin-Rich Extracts From Phytolacca Americana L. (Phytolaccaceae) (Abstract), Ping Wang, Guangrui Deng, Wei Yuan, Shiyou Li 2010 Stephen F Austin State University, Arthur Temple College of Forestry and Agriculture

Cytotoxity Of Saponin-Rich Extracts From Phytolacca Americana L. (Phytolaccaceae) (Abstract), Ping Wang, Guangrui Deng, Wei Yuan, Shiyou Li

NCPC Publications and Patents

No abstract provided.


Hyperbaric Oxygen In The Prevention Of Carbon Monoxide Induced Delayed Neurological Sequelae In Male Sprague Dawley Rats (Rattus Norvegicus), Chester P. Gut Jr. 2010 Wright State University

Hyperbaric Oxygen In The Prevention Of Carbon Monoxide Induced Delayed Neurological Sequelae In Male Sprague Dawley Rats (Rattus Norvegicus), Chester P. Gut Jr.

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

In Carbon Monoxide (CO) induced Delayed Neurological Sequelae (DNS) clinical signs develop 1 to 6 weeks after CO has cleared the body. The aim of this experiment was to develop a model of CO induced DNS which closely mimics "real world" conditions both in exposure and treatment. The model was challenged with hyperbaric or normobaric oxygen, or room air. Basic behaviors were measured by Open Field test on days 1, 7, 14 post exposure and treatment. No significant difference in behavior was observed between exposed and control animals or between treatment groups. Histological analyses showed no DNA or necrotic damage ...


2,3,7,8-Tetrachlordibenzo-P-Dioxin Mediated Immune Suppression Through Interactions At The 3'Immunoglobulin Heavy Chain Regulatory Region Enhancers, David Harold Ellis 2010 Wright State University

2,3,7,8-Tetrachlordibenzo-P-Dioxin Mediated Immune Suppression Through Interactions At The 3'Immunoglobulin Heavy Chain Regulatory Region Enhancers, David Harold Ellis

Browse all Theses and Dissertations

2,3,7,8-Tetrachlordibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is a potent toxin which inhibits the antibody response of B cells. The 3'IgHRR which is involved in transcriptional regulation of the heavy-chain polypeptide of antibodies is inhibited by TCDD. The hs1,2 enhancer region, isolated from the 3'IgHRR, is also inhibited while the isolated hs4 is activated by TCDD. This project sought to determine if that dichotomy in effects results from interactions at enhancer-specific binding sites for AhR, thought to mediate transcriptional effects of TCDD, and NFκB, a transcription factor involved in B cell activation. Here, I report a difference in the ...


Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationships For Organophosphates Binding To Trypsin And Chymotrypsin, Christopher Daniel Ruark 2010 Wright State University

Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationships For Organophosphates Binding To Trypsin And Chymotrypsin, Christopher Daniel Ruark

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Organophosphate (OP) nerve agents such as sarin, soman, tabun, and O-ethyl S-[2-(diisopropylamino) ethyl] methylphosphonothioate (VX) do not react solely with acetylcholinesterase (AChE). Evidence suggests that a wide range of cholinergic-independent pathways are also targeted, including serine proteases. These proteases comprise nearly one-third of all known proteases and play major roles in synaptic plasticity, learning, memory, neuroprotection, wound healing, cell signaling, inflammation, blood coagulation and protein processing. Inhibition of these proteases by OPs was found to exert a wide range of noncholinergic effects depending on the type of OP, the dose, and the duration of exposure. Consequently, in order ...


Gabab Regulation Of Methamphetamine-Induced Associative Learning, Robin Michelle Voigt 2010 Loyola University Chicago

Gabab Regulation Of Methamphetamine-Induced Associative Learning, Robin Michelle Voigt

Dissertations

Addiction is a chronic, relapsing disorder for which strikingly few effective therapies exist, and there are no FDA-approved pharmacotherapies for methamphetamine (Meth) addition. There is an immense need to identify the neurobiological underpinnings of psychostimulant addiction and develop efficacious drug therapies to compliment the current mainstay treatment of behavioral/cognitive therapy.

Re-exposure to cues associated with psychostimulants (e.g., drug paraphernalia) increase neuronal activity and can elicit drug-craving and -seeking; an effect which is profound and long-lasting. A mechanism to disrupt those brain processes which are necessary to maintain the association may reduce the incidence of cue-elicited relapse.

Conditioned place ...


Characterization Of Arsd: An Arsenic Chaperone For The Arsab As(Iii)-Translocating Atpase, Jianbo Yang 2010 Wayne State University

Characterization Of Arsd: An Arsenic Chaperone For The Arsab As(Iii)-Translocating Atpase, Jianbo Yang

Wayne State University Dissertations

Arsenic is a metalloid toxicant that is widely distributed throughout the earth's crust and causes a variety of health and environment problems. As an adaptation to arsenic-contaminated environments, organisms have developed resistance systems. In bacteria and archaea various ars operons encode ArsAB ATPases that pump the trivalent metalloids As(III) or Sb(III) out of cells. In these operons, an arsD gene is almost always adjacent to the arsA gene, suggesting a related function. ArsA is the catalytic subunit of the pump that hydrolyzes ATP in the presence of arsenite or antimonite. ArsB is a membrane protein which containing ...


A Role For Lipid Rafts In Egfr Tki Resistance In Breast Cancer, Mary Elizabeth Irwin 2010 Wayne State University

A Role For Lipid Rafts In Egfr Tki Resistance In Breast Cancer, Mary Elizabeth Irwin

Wayne State University Dissertations

Breast cancer can be divided into genetic sub-types including luminal, HER2+, and basal-type. With the introduction of targeted therapies against estrogen receptor and HER2 receptor mortality rates of American women with breast cancer have declined. Unfortunately, basal-type breast cancers, which have the worst clinical outcome, do not express estrogen receptor or HER2, and as such, have no targeted therapeutic option. The epidermal growth factor receptor is an attractive target for therapeutics in basal-type breast cancer, as it is over-expressed in 60% of these cases. Also, over-expression of EGFR correlates with poor patient prognosis. Unfortunately, inhibitors of EGFR have shown little ...


Expression Of The Periplaneta Americana's Α-Adrenergic-Like Octopamine Receptor In The Yeast Saccharomyces Cerevisiae: A High-Throughput Screening System In Search Of Biorational Insecticides, Aaron Donald Gross 2010 Iowa State University

Expression Of The Periplaneta Americana's Α-Adrenergic-Like Octopamine Receptor In The Yeast Saccharomyces Cerevisiae: A High-Throughput Screening System In Search Of Biorational Insecticides, Aaron Donald Gross

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The use of conventional synthetic insecticides is facing increased scrutiny due to environmental and mammalian health concerns along with resistance to target insects. This has led to an investigation of alternative control measures to combat both economically and medically important arthropods. Octopamine, a biogenic amine, has significant physiological functions in invertebrates, including insects, and signals through G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Co-evolution of plants with insects has led to plants adapting defensive mechanisms to deter herbivore, microbial, or viral attack. This is sometimes accomplished via the production of essential oils that are composed of a variety of compounds, in particular monoterpenoids, sesquiterpenoids ...


Geocoding Rural Addresses In A Community Contaminated By Pfoa: A Comparison Of Methods, Verónica M. Vieira, Gregory J. Howard, Lisa G. Gallagher, Tony Fletcher 2010 Dickinson College

Geocoding Rural Addresses In A Community Contaminated By Pfoa: A Comparison Of Methods, Verónica M. Vieira, Gregory J. Howard, Lisa G. Gallagher, Tony Fletcher

Faculty and Staff Publications By Year

Background: Location is often an important component of exposure assessment, and positional errors in geocoding may result in exposure misclassification. In rural areas, successful geocoding to a street address is limited by rural route boxes. Communities have assigned physical street addresses to rural route boxes as part of E911 readdressing projects for improved emergency response. Our study compared automated and E911 methods for recovering and geocoding valid street addresses and assessed the impact of positional errors on exposure classification.

Methods: The current study is a secondary analysis of existing data that included 135 addresses self-reported by participants of a rural ...


Tissue Specific Effects Of Adipose Stem Cells (Asc) In A Melanoma Tumor Environment, Drew Michael Nedderman 2010 Wright State University

Tissue Specific Effects Of Adipose Stem Cells (Asc) In A Melanoma Tumor Environment, Drew Michael Nedderman

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This study determined the tissue-specific effect of adipose stem cells (ASC) within a melanoma environment for development of a cell-based melanoma therapy. Analysis included a subcutaneous B16-F1 melanoma model using thirty-one C57BL/6 wild-type mice. Melanoma xenografts were treated with cell-based therapies of CFDA-SE-labeled human fibroblasts HF20x (control), non-differentiated ndASC or hematopoietic-differentiated HdASC. No tumor regression was observed in presence of cell-based therapies, thus, the HdASC group demonstrated an increase in tumor growth accompanied with an up-regulated macrophage response, and increased angiogenesis. In addition, this group demonstrated a decrease in Melan-A tumor marker and interferon-γ expression suggesting that ASC-supported tumor ...


Cell Adhesion Property Affected By Cyclooxygenase And Lipoxygenase: Opto-Electric Approach (With Chang Kyoung Choi, Mugdha Sukhthankar, Chul-Ho Kim, Seong-Ho Lee, Anthony English, Kenneth D. Kihm., Seung Baek 2009 The University of Tennessee

Cell Adhesion Property Affected By Cyclooxygenase And Lipoxygenase: Opto-Electric Approach (With Chang Kyoung Choi, Mugdha Sukhthankar, Chul-Ho Kim, Seong-Ho Lee, Anthony English, Kenneth D. Kihm., Seung Baek

Seung J Baek

Expression of cyclooxygenases (COX) and lipoxygenases (LOX) has been linked to many pathophysiological phenotypes, including cell adhesion. However, many current approaches to measure cellular changes are performed only in a fixed-time point. Since cells dynamically move in conjunction with the cell matrix, there is a pressing need for dynamic or time-dependent methods for the investigation of cell properties. In the presented study, we used stable human colorectal cancer cell lines ectopically expressing COX-1, COX-2, and 15LOX-1, to investigate whether expression of COX-1, COX-2, or 15LOX-1 would affect cell adhesion using our opto-electric methodology. In a fixed-time point experiment, only COX-1- ...


Nsaid-Activated Gene-1 As A Molecular Target For Capsaicin-Induced Apoptosis Through A Novel Molecular Mechanism Involving Gsk3beta, C/Ebpbeta And Atf3, Seung Baek, Seong-Ho Lee, Chutwadee Krisanapun 2009 The University of Tennessee

Nsaid-Activated Gene-1 As A Molecular Target For Capsaicin-Induced Apoptosis Through A Novel Molecular Mechanism Involving Gsk3beta, C/Ebpbeta And Atf3, Seung Baek, Seong-Ho Lee, Chutwadee Krisanapun

Seung J Baek

Capsaicin, a natural product of the Capsicum species of red peppers, is known to induce apoptosis and suppress growth. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug-activated gene-1 (NAG-1) is a cytokine associated with pro-apoptotic and antitumorigenic property in colorectal and lung cancer. Our data demonstrate that capsaicin leads to induction of apoptosis and up-regulates NAG-1 gene expression at the transcriptional level. Overexpression of CCAAT/enhancer binding protein beta (C/EBPbeta) caused a significant increase of basal and capsaicin-induced NAG-1 promoter activity. We subsequently identified C/EBPbeta binding sites in the NAG-1 promoter responsible for capsaicin-induced NAG-1 transactivation. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay and chromatin immunoprecipitation ...


A Potential Proliferative Gene, Nudt6, Is Down-Regulated By Green Tea Catechins At The Posttranscriptional Level, Seung Baek, Mugdha Sukthankar, CK Choi, A English, JS Kim 2009 The University of Tennessee

A Potential Proliferative Gene, Nudt6, Is Down-Regulated By Green Tea Catechins At The Posttranscriptional Level, Seung Baek, Mugdha Sukthankar, Ck Choi, A English, Js Kim

Seung J Baek

The main aims of this study were to elucidate the effect of green tea catechins on Nudix-type motif 6 (NUDT6) suppression and to characterize NUDT6's biological activity. Our microarray data showed that the green tea component epicatechin-3-gallate suppressed NUDT6 expression, and this was confirmed by RT-PCR. Subsequently, the use of different catechins showed that the effect of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) was stronger than that of other catechins. At the posttranscriptional level, EGCG decreased the RNA stability of NUDT6, indicating it as a potential mechanism of NUDT6 suppression. Further cloning of the 3' untranslated region of human NUDT6 mRNA resulted in ...


In Vitro Anti-Proliferative Activity Of Alcoholic Stem Extract Of Coscinium Fenestratum In Human Colorectal Cancer Cells, P Rojsanga, M Sukthankar, C Krisanapun, W Gritsanapan, D Lawson, Seung Baek 2009 The University of Tennessee

In Vitro Anti-Proliferative Activity Of Alcoholic Stem Extract Of Coscinium Fenestratum In Human Colorectal Cancer Cells, P Rojsanga, M Sukthankar, C Krisanapun, W Gritsanapan, D Lawson, Seung Baek

Seung J Baek

Coscinium fenestratum (Gaertn.) Colebr. is traditionally used for the treatment of cancer, arthritis and diabetes mellitus. The purpose of this study was to determine the molecular mechanisms by which this plant shows beneficial effects. An 80% ethanolic extract of C. fenestratum (80ET) was separated by its polarity into dichloromethane (DCM) and aqueous fractions (WF), and the anti-proliferative effects of 80ET, DCM and WF were investigated. Berberine, one of the major components of C. fenestratum, was used as a control. The 80ET, DCM, WF and berberine showed anti-proliferative activity as assessed by cell growth assay. Subsequently, the pro-apoptotic proteins NAG-1 and ...


Perinatal Exposure To Polychlorinated Biphenyls Alters Social Behaviors In Rats, Howard C. Cromwell 2009 Bowling Green State University

Perinatal Exposure To Polychlorinated Biphenyls Alters Social Behaviors In Rats, Howard C. Cromwell

Howard Casey Cromwell

Perinatal exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) leads to significant alterations of neural and hormonal systems. These alterations have been shown to impair motor and sensory development. Less is known about the influence of PCB exposure on developing emotional and motivational systems involved in social interactions and social learning. The present study examined the impact of perinatal PCB exposure (mixture of congeners 47 and 77) on social recognition in juvenile animals, conspecific-directed investigation in adults and on neural and hormonal systems involved in social functions. We used a standard habituation–dishabituation paradigm to evaluate juvenile recognition and a social port paradigm ...


Association Of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (Val66met) Genetic Polymorphism With Methamphetamine Dependence In A Malaysian Population, Zahurin Mohamed 2009 University of Malaya

Association Of Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (Val66met) Genetic Polymorphism With Methamphetamine Dependence In A Malaysian Population, Zahurin Mohamed

Zahurin Mohamed

Methamphetamine is a highly addictive psychostimulant that has surged in popularity worldwide in the last decade. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a member of the neurotrophic factor family, is widely expressed in the adult mammalian brain and plays an important role in the long-term survival, differentiation, and outgrowth of neurons. Previous studies suggested that the BDNF gene may be involved in the mechanisms underlying substance dependence. This study investigated the association of the BDNF gene Val66Met polymorphism with methamphetamine dependence and with psychosis in a Malaysian population with different ethnicities. The BDNF Val66Met polymorphism was genotyped by PCR-RFLP in 186 male ...


Children In Jeopardy: Anthropogenic Toxins And Childhood Exposure, Russell Butkus, Steve Kolmes 2009 University of Portland

Children In Jeopardy: Anthropogenic Toxins And Childhood Exposure, Russell Butkus, Steve Kolmes

Steve Kolmes

No abstract provided.


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