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Trends In The Environmental Health Job Market For New Graduates, Jason W. Marion, Timothy J. Murphy PhD, Anne Marie Zimeri PhD 2017 Eastern Kentucky University

Trends In The Environmental Health Job Market For New Graduates, Jason W. Marion, Timothy J. Murphy Phd, Anne Marie Zimeri Phd

EKU Faculty and Staff Scholarship

The question of whether the job market can support future graduates of environmental health programs remains an important and difficult question for environmental health programs, current and prospective students, parents, and other stakeholders. Our previous report using 2014 data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics demonstrated anticipated growth and higher than average pay in the profession through at least 2022 for baccalaureate degree holders (Marion & Sinde, 2015). Growth in the profession does not necessarily translate into job availability if the market is saturated with job candidates. While university programs produce graduates, local health departments (LHDs) have suffered tremendous ...


Anti-Staphylococcal Activity Of Variovorax Paradoxus Eps, Patricia Holt-Torres 2017 California State University, San Bernardino

Anti-Staphylococcal Activity Of Variovorax Paradoxus Eps, Patricia Holt-Torres

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Variovorax paradoxus EPS is a gram-negative rod isolated from the sunflower rhizosphere at CSUSB. Preliminary research has shown that Variovorax paradoxus EPS has anti-staphylococcal activity in liquid and solid co-culture. Anti-staphylococcal activity of Wild type and V. paradoxus EPS ūĚöę4519 on 0.5% YE agar with embedded S. aureus AH1710 supports the idea that a soluble molecule is responsible for this activity, as the agar acted as a physical barrier between V. paradoxus EPS and S. aureus colonies. Preliminary genetic analysis of V. paradoxus EPS identified three loci that suitable candidates for the synthesis of a potential anti-staphylococcal small ...


Temporal Changes In Cortical And Hippocampal Expression Of Genes Important For Brain Glucose Metabolism Following Controlled Cortical Impact Injury In Mice, June Zhou, Mark Burns, Linda Huynh, Sonia Villapol, Daniel D. Taub, Juan M. Saavedra, Marc R. Blackman 2017 George Washington University

Temporal Changes In Cortical And Hippocampal Expression Of Genes Important For Brain Glucose Metabolism Following Controlled Cortical Impact Injury In Mice, June Zhou, Mark Burns, Linda Huynh, Sonia Villapol, Daniel D. Taub, Juan M. Saavedra, Marc R. Blackman

Pharmacology and Physiology Faculty Publications

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) causes transient increases and subsequent decreases in brain glucose utilization. The underlying molecular pathways are orchestrated processes and poorly understood. In the current study, we determined temporal changes in cortical and hippocampal expression of genes important for brain glucose/lactate metabolism and the effect of a known neuroprotective drug telmisartan on the expression of these genes after experimental TBI. Adult male C57BL/6J mice (n = 6/group) underwent sham or unilateral controlled cortical impact (CCI) injury. Their ipsilateral and contralateral cortex and hippocampus were collected 6 h, 1, 3, 7, 14, 21, and 28 days after ...


European Starlings, H. Jeffrey Homan, Ron J. Johnson, James R. Thiele, George M. Linz 2017 USDA National Wildlife Research Center

European Starlings, H. Jeffrey Homan, Ron J. Johnson, James R. Thiele, George M. Linz

Wildlife Damage Management Technical Series

European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris, Figure 1) are an invasive species in the United States. The first recorded release of the birds was in 1890 in New York City’s Central Park. Because starlings easily adapt to a variety of habitats, nest sites and food sources, the birds spread quickly across the country. Today, there are about 150 million starlings in North America. Conflicts between people and starlings occur mostly in agricultural settings. Conflicts can occur during winter in urban and suburban environments, especially in business districts.

Starlings damage apples, blueberries, cherries, figs, grapes, peaches, and strawberries. Besides causing direct losses ...


Microbial Invasion Vs. Tick Immune Regulation, Daniel E. Sonenshine, Kevin R. Macaluso 2017 Old Dominion University

Microbial Invasion Vs. Tick Immune Regulation, Daniel E. Sonenshine, Kevin R. Macaluso

Biological Sciences Faculty Publications

Ticks transmit a greater variety of pathogenic agents that cause disease in humans and animals than any other haematophagous arthropod, including Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, human granulocytic anaplasmosis, babesiosis, tick-borne encephalitis, Crimean Congo haemorhagic fever, and many others (Gulia-Nuss et al., 2016). Although diverse explanations have been proposed to explain their remarkable vectorial capacity, among the most important are their blood feeding habit, their long term off-host survival, the diverse array of bioactive molecules that disrupt the host's natural hemostatic mechanisms, facilitate blood flow, pain inhibitors, and minimize inflammation to prevent immune rejection (HajduŇ°ek et al., 2013 ...


Seasonal Distribution Of Sage-Grouse In Hamlin Valley, Utah And The Effect Of Fences On Grouse And Avian Predators, Heather Hedden McPherron 2017 Utah State University

Seasonal Distribution Of Sage-Grouse In Hamlin Valley, Utah And The Effect Of Fences On Grouse And Avian Predators, Heather Hedden Mcpherron

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Greater sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus; hereafter sage-grouse) numbers have declined throughout the western US and are considered a species of concern in most of the eleven states that are within their range. Sage-grouse habitats have been reduced by approximately 44% since European settlement of the Western United States began (Miller et al. 2011). Loss of habitat has contributed to an average decline of sage-grouse populations by 33% across the range (Connelly and Braun 1997). To expand our knowledge of this species, I monitored 16 radio-collared sage-grouse captured from four leks in Hamlin Valley, Utah, USA in 2011 and 2012 to determine ...


Comparative Phylogeographic, Population Genomic, And Selection Inference With Development Of Hierarchical Co-Demographic Models, Alexander Xue 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Comparative Phylogeographic, Population Genomic, And Selection Inference With Development Of Hierarchical Co-Demographic Models, Alexander Xue

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Comparing demographic histories across assemblages of populations, species, and sister pairs has been a focus in phylogeography since its inception. Initial approaches utilized organelle genetic data and involved qualitative comparisons of genetic patterns for evaluating hypotheses of shared evolutionary responses to past environmental changes. This endeavor has progressed with coalescent model-based statistical techniques and advances in next-generation sequencing, yet there remains a need for methods that can analyze aggregated genomic-scale data from non-model organisms within a unified framework that considers individual taxon uncertainty and variance. To this end, the aggregate site frequency spectrum (aSFS), an expansion of the site frequency ...


The Nucleus Accumbens Core Dopamine D1 And Glutamate Ampa/Nmda Receptors Play A Transient Role In The Performance Of Pavlovian Approach Behavior, Veronica Dobrovitsky 2017 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Nucleus Accumbens Core Dopamine D1 And Glutamate Ampa/Nmda Receptors Play A Transient Role In The Performance Of Pavlovian Approach Behavior, Veronica Dobrovitsky

All Graduate Works by Year: Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

The role of the nucleus accumbens core (NAc core) continues to be redefined with newly acquired data on neurochemical mechanisms mediating the learning and performance of behavior. Previous empirical data showed that dopamine transmission at the D1 receptor (D1R) plays a transient role in the expression of learned Pavlovian approach behavior. Here we show that, prior to overtraining, dopamine activity at D1Rs specifically within the NAc core is critical for the performance of approach behavior elicited by the recently-acquired reward-paired cue. Blockade of D1Rs in the NAc core, but not the dorsomedial striatum or NAc shell, disrupted approach responses during ...


The N-Terminus Of Ift46 Mediates Intraflagellar Transport Of Outer Arm Dynein And Its Cargo-Adaptor Oda16, Yuqing Hou, George B. Witman 2017 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The N-Terminus Of Ift46 Mediates Intraflagellar Transport Of Outer Arm Dynein And Its Cargo-Adaptor Oda16, Yuqing Hou, George B. Witman

Radiology Publications and Presentations

Cilia are assembled via intraflagellar transport (IFT). The IFT machinery is composed of motors and multi-subunit particles, termed IFT-A and IFT-B, that carry cargo into the cilium. Knowledge of how the IFT subunits interact with their cargo is of critical importance for understanding how the unique ciliary domain is established. We previously reported a Chlamydomonas mutant, ift46-1, that fails to express the IFT-B protein IFT46, has greatly reduced levels of other IFT-B proteins, and assembles only very short flagella. A spontaneous suppression of ift46-1 restored IFT-B levels and enabled growth of longer flagella, but the flagella lacked outer dynein arms ...


Spotted Wing Drosophila [Drosophila Suzukii], Lori R. Spears, Cami Cannon, Diane G. Alston, Ryan S. Davis, Cory Stanley-Stahr, Ricardo Ramirez 2017 Utah State University

Spotted Wing Drosophila [Drosophila Suzukii], Lori R. Spears, Cami Cannon, Diane G. Alston, Ryan S. Davis, Cory Stanley-Stahr, Ricardo Ramirez

All Current Publications

This fact sheet describes spotted wing drosophila, an invasive vinegar fly that infests soft fruits and vegetables. It includes information on how to identify, plant hosts, injury symptoms, monitoring, non-chemical control, and chemical control.


Double-Crested Cormorants: Too Much Of A Good Thing?, Brian S. Dorr, David G. Fielder 2017 USDA National Wildlife Research Center

Double-Crested Cormorants: Too Much Of A Good Thing?, Brian S. Dorr, David G. Fielder

USDA National Wildlife Research Center - Staff Publications

For centuries, people have viewed double-crested cormorants Phalacrocorax auritus negatively, and human persecution coupled with environmental contamination severely reduced numbers of cormorants throughout North America. Shifts in paradigms for management of our natural resources resulted in reductions in environmental contaminants and regulatory protection of cormorants, allowing for an amazing population resurgence of this adaptable fish-eating bird. However, for cormorants, as with some other native wildlife species the populations of which have rebounded due to conservation efforts, there have been cormorant‚Äď societal conflicts with respect to commercial and natural resources such as aquaculture and sport fisheries. Increasing resource conflicts caused cormorants ...


Delayed Hypersensitivity To Nanosecond Pulsed Electric Field In Electroporated Cells, Sarah D. Jensen, Vera A. Khorokhorina, Claudia Muratori, Andrei G. Pakhomov, Olga N. Pakhomova 2017 Old Dominion University

Delayed Hypersensitivity To Nanosecond Pulsed Electric Field In Electroporated Cells, Sarah D. Jensen, Vera A. Khorokhorina, Claudia Muratori, Andrei G. Pakhomov, Olga N. Pakhomova

Bioelectrics Publications

We demonstrate that conditioning of mammalian cells by electroporation with nanosecond pulsed electric field (nsPEF) facilitates their response to the next nsPEF treatment. The experiments were designed to unambiguously separate the electroporation-induced sensitization and desensitization effects. Electroporation was achieved by bursts of 300-ns, 9‚ÄČkV/cm pulses (50‚ÄČHz, n‚ÄČ=‚ÄČ3‚Äď100) and quantified by propidium dye uptake within 11‚ÄČmin after the nsPEF exposure. We observed either sensitization to nsPEF or no change (when the conditioning was either too weak or too intense, or when the wait time after conditioning was too short). Within studied limits, conditioning never caused ...


Damage-Free Peripheral Nerve Stimulation By 12-Ns Pulsed Electric Field, Maura Casciola, Shu Xiao, Andrei G. Pakhomov 2017 Old Dominion University

Damage-Free Peripheral Nerve Stimulation By 12-Ns Pulsed Electric Field, Maura Casciola, Shu Xiao, Andrei G. Pakhomov

Bioelectrics Publications

Modern technologies enable deep tissue focusing of nanosecond pulsed electric field (nsPEF) for non-invasive nerve and muscle stimulation. However, it is not known if PEF orders of magnitude shorter than the activation time of voltage-gated sodium channels (VGSC) would evoke action potentials (APs). One plausible scenario requires the loss of membrane integrity (electroporation) and resulting depolarization as an intermediate step. We report, for the first time, that the excitation of a peripheral nerve can be accomplished by 12-ns PEF without electroporation. 12-ns stimuli at 4.1-11 kV (3.3-8.8 kV/cm) evoked APs similarly to conventional stimuli (100-250 mus ...


Methyl Farnesoate Plays A Dual Role In Regulating Drosophila Metamorphosis, Di Wen, Crisalejandra Rivera-Perez, Mohamed Abdou, Qiangqiang Jia, Qianyu He, Xi Liu, Ola Zyaan, Jingjing Xu, William G. Bendena, Stephen S. Tobe, Fernando G. Noriega, Subba R. Palli, Jian Wang, Sheng Li 2017 Chinese Academy of Sciences, China

Methyl Farnesoate Plays A Dual Role In Regulating Drosophila Metamorphosis, Di Wen, Crisalejandra Rivera-Perez, Mohamed Abdou, Qiangqiang Jia, Qianyu He, Xi Liu, Ola Zyaan, Jingjing Xu, William G. Bendena, Stephen S. Tobe, Fernando G. Noriega, Subba R. Palli, Jian Wang, Sheng Li

Fernando Noriega

Corpus allatum (CA) ablation results in juvenile hormone (JH) deficiency and pupal lethality in Drosophila. The fly CA produces and releases three sesquiterpenoid hormones: JH III bisepoxide (JHB3), JH III, and methyl farnesoate (MF). In the whole body extracts, MF is the most abundant sesquiterpenoid, followed by JHB3 and JH III. Knockout of JH acid methyl transferase (jhamt) did not result in lethality; it decreased biosynthesis of JHB3, but MF biosynthesis was not affected. RNAi-mediated reduction of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA reductase (hmgcr) expression in the CA decreased biosynthesis and titers of the three sesquiterpenoids, resulting in partial lethality. Reducing hmgcr expression ...


Starvation Increases Insulin Sensitivity And Reduces Juvenile Hormone Synthesis In Mosquitoes, Meritxell Perez-Hedo, Crisalejandra Rivera-Perez, Fernando G. Noriega 2017 Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University

Starvation Increases Insulin Sensitivity And Reduces Juvenile Hormone Synthesis In Mosquitoes, Meritxell Perez-Hedo, Crisalejandra Rivera-Perez, Fernando G. Noriega

Fernando Noriega

Background: The interactions between the insulin signaling pathway (ISP) and juvenile hormone (JH) controlling reproductive trade-offs are well documented in insects. JH and insulin regulate reproductive output in mosquitoes; both hormones are involved in a complex regulatory network, in which they influence each other and in which the mosquito’s nutritional status is a crucial determinant of the network’s output. Previous studies reported that the insulin-TOR (target of rapamacyn) signaling pathway is involved in the nutritional regulation of JH synthesis in female mosquitoes. The present studies further investigate the regulatory circuitry that controls both JH synthesis and reproductive output ...


Modeling The Flux Of Metabolites In The Juvenile Hormone Biosynthesis Pathway Using Generalized Additive Models And Ordinary Differential Equations, Ra√ļl O. Mart√≠nez-Rinc√≥n, Crisalejandra Rivera-P√©rez, Luis Diambra, Fernando G. Noriega 2017 Centro de Investigaciones Biol√≥gicas del Noroeste (CIBNOR)

Modeling The Flux Of Metabolites In The Juvenile Hormone Biosynthesis Pathway Using Generalized Additive Models And Ordinary Differential Equations, Ra√ļl O. Mart√≠nez-Rinc√≥n, Crisalejandra Rivera-P√©rez, Luis Diambra, Fernando G. Noriega

Fernando Noriega

Juvenile hormone (JH) regulates development and reproductive maturation in insects. The corpora allata (CA) from female adult mosquitoes synthesize fluctuating levels of JH, which have been linked to the ovarian development and are influenced by nutritional signals. The rate of JH biosynthesis is controlled by the rate of flux of isoprenoids in the pathway, which is the outcome of a complex interplay of changes in precursor pools and enzyme levels. A comprehensive study of the changes in enzymatic activities and precursor pool sizes have been previously reported for the mosquito Aedes aegypti JH biosynthesis pathway. In the present studies, we ...


Farnesyl Phosphatase, A Corpora Allata Enzyme Involved In Juvenile Hormone Biosynthesis In Aedes Aegypti, Pratik Nyati, Marcela Nouzova, Crisalejandra Rivera-Perez, Mark E. Clifton, Jamie G. Mayoral, Fernando G. Noriega 2017 Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University

Farnesyl Phosphatase, A Corpora Allata Enzyme Involved In Juvenile Hormone Biosynthesis In Aedes Aegypti, Pratik Nyati, Marcela Nouzova, Crisalejandra Rivera-Perez, Mark E. Clifton, Jamie G. Mayoral, Fernando G. Noriega

Fernando Noriega

Background: The juvenile hormones (JHs) are sesquiterpenoid compounds that play a central role in insect reproduction, development and behavior. The late steps of JH III biosynthesis in the mosquito Aedes aegypti involve the hydrolysis of farnesyl pyrophosphate (FPP) to farnesol (FOL), which is then successively oxidized to farnesal and farnesoic acid, methylated to form methyl farnesoate and finally transformed to JH III by a P450 epoxidase. The only recognized FPP phosphatase (FPPase) expressed in the corpora allata (CA) of an insect was recently described in Drosophila melanogaster (DmFPPase). In the present study we sought to molecularly and biochemically characterize the ...


Cyanobacterial Toxins As Allelochemicals With Potential Applications As Algaecides, Herbicides And Insecticides, John P. Berry, Miroslav Gantar, Mario H. Perez, Gerald Berry, Fernando G. Noriega 2017 Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Florida International University

Cyanobacterial Toxins As Allelochemicals With Potential Applications As Algaecides, Herbicides And Insecticides, John P. Berry, Miroslav Gantar, Mario H. Perez, Gerald Berry, Fernando G. Noriega

Fernando Noriega

Cyanobacteria (‚Äúblue-green algae‚ÄĚ) from marine and freshwater habitats are known to produce a diverse array of toxic or otherwise bioactive metabolites. However, the functional role of the vast majority of these compounds, particularly in terms of the physiology and ecology of the cyanobacteria that produce them, remains largely unknown. A limited number of studies have suggested that some of the compounds may have ecological roles as allelochemicals, specifically including compounds that may inhibit competing sympatric macrophytes, algae and microbes. These allelochemicals may also play a role in defense against potential predators and grazers, particularly aquatic invertebrates and their larvae. This ...


A Quantitative Assay For The Juvenile Hormones And Their Precursors Using Fluorescent Tags, Crisalejandra Rivera-Perez, Marcela Nouzova, Fernando G. Noriega 2017 Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University

A Quantitative Assay For The Juvenile Hormones And Their Precursors Using Fluorescent Tags, Crisalejandra Rivera-Perez, Marcela Nouzova, Fernando G. Noriega

Fernando Noriega

Background: The juvenile hormones (JHs) are sesquiterpenoid compounds that play a central role in insect reproduction, development and behavior. The lipophilic nature of JHs and their precursors, in conjunction with their low concentration in tissues and susceptibility to degradation had made their quantification difficult. A variety of methods exist for JH quantification but few can quantify on the femtomole range. Currently applied methods are expensive and time consuming. In the present study we sought to develop a novel method for accurate detection and quantification of JHs and their precursors. Methods: A sensitive and robust method was developed to quantify the ...


Actividades De Conservaci√≥n Y De Educaci√≥n Ambiental En Torno A Una Especie Emblem√°tica, El Tapir De Monta√Īa (Tapirus Pinchaque), En Sectores Andinos Del Sur De Ecuador, Pedro Alvarez-Loaiza, Patricio Y√°nez 2017 Universidad Internacional del Ecuador

Actividades De Conservaci√≥n Y De Educaci√≥n Ambiental En Torno A Una Especie Emblem√°tica, El Tapir De Monta√Īa (Tapirus Pinchaque), En Sectores Andinos Del Sur De Ecuador, Pedro Alvarez-Loaiza, Patricio Y√°nez

Patricio Y√°nez

La Universidad Internacional del Ecuador (Sede Loja) en conjunto con la Fundaci√≥n de Conservaci√≥n Jocotoco, desde agosto de 2015, vienen desarrollando actividades de cuidado del tapir de monta√Īa (Tapirus pinchaque) y los h√°bitats en los que se desarrolla en Los Andes del sur de Ecuador, en ambientes de bosque nublado y p√°ramos de la Reserva Biol√≥gica Tapichalaca y zonas colindantes. Para ello se propuso la realizaci√≥n del presente proyecto que busca establecer un sistema de monitoreo e investigaci√≥n de esta especie bandera con fines ecotur√≠sticos, as√≠ como tambi√©n para apoyar la capacitaci√≥n en educaci√≥n ambiental.


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