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The Bindweed Plume Moth, Emmelina Monodactyla (Lepidoptera: Pterophoridae): First Host Record For Phaeogenes Vincibilis (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae), Foster Forbes Purrington, Deborah H. Stinner 2017 Ohio State University

The Bindweed Plume Moth, Emmelina Monodactyla (Lepidoptera: Pterophoridae): First Host Record For Phaeogenes Vincibilis (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae), Foster Forbes Purrington, Deborah H. Stinner

The Great Lakes Entomologist

The first host record for Phaeogenes (= Oronotus) vincibilis, a solitary ichneumonine pupal parasite, is the bindweed plume moth, Emmelina monodactyla.


Attraction Of Acorn-Infesting Cydia Latiferreana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) To Pheromone-Baited Traps, J. W. Peacock, S. L. Wright, J. R. Galford 2017 USDA Forest Service

Attraction Of Acorn-Infesting Cydia Latiferreana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) To Pheromone-Baited Traps, J. W. Peacock, S. L. Wright, J. R. Galford

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Males of acorn-infesting Cydia latiferreana are attracted to an equilibrium mixture of the four isomers of 8, 10-dodecadien-l-ol acetate, the virgin female-produced pheromone. Trap height relative to the height of trees in which traps are placed seems to be a significant factor influencing moth catches at attractant-baited traps. In an oak woodlot and in an oak nursery, catches of male moths were greater in traps placed near the upper periphery of the canopy than at traps deployed at lower levels in the tree. Practical application of pheromone-baited traps in a forest situation will require further study on lure formulation and ...


Ectoparasitic Arthropods Collected From Some Northern Ohio Mammals, C. Lee Rockett, Scott A. Johnston 2017 Bowling Green State University

Ectoparasitic Arthropods Collected From Some Northern Ohio Mammals, C. Lee Rockett, Scott A. Johnston

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Ectoparasitic arthropods were collected from some fur-bearing mammals in northern Ohio. Specimens representing seven mammalian species were examined and found to collectively harbor acarines, fleas, and biting lice. Species determinations were made and new host and state records noted.


Pheromone Lures To Monitor Sparse Populations Of Spruce Budworm, Choristoneura Fumiferana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), David G. Grimble 2017 University of Maine

Pheromone Lures To Monitor Sparse Populations Of Spruce Budworm, Choristoneura Fumiferana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), David G. Grimble

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Four types of spruce budworm pheromone lures were field-tested in sparse spruce budworm populations in Maine. BioLures® with constant pheromone emission rates less than 1.0, ca. 1.0-1.5, and ca. 15.0 micrograms of pheromone per day were compared to polyvinyl chloride (PVC) lures with rapidly decreasing pheromone emission rates. Mean trap catch was roughly proportional to lure emission rates. All lures continued to catch moths over the entire flight period but moth catches with the three lowest emission-rate lures were judged to be too low. BioLures with the highest emission rate (15.0 micrograms of pheromone per ...


Evaluating The Impact Of Two Contrasting Tillage Practices On Soil Properties In Central Kentucky, Emily Cook 2017 Murray State University

Evaluating The Impact Of Two Contrasting Tillage Practices On Soil Properties In Central Kentucky, Emily Cook

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Farming practices such as no tillage and plowing can institute change on soil physical and chemical characteristics. In this research, the effects of long-term conventional and no-tillage systems on the selected soil properties were determined in a continuous corn system on a farm with Maury silt loam soil. These samples were taken from University of Kentucky's Research Farm (Spindletop Farm). The field used was tilled in 1969 from bluegrass sod and the first time research was conduced was in 1970. Each plot is 20 ft. by 40 ft. and for many years each plot was split with winter cover ...


Social Effects On Vocal Ontogeny In An Ungulate, The Goat, Capra Hircus, Elodie F. Briefer, Alan G. McElligott 2017 Queen Mary University of London

Social Effects On Vocal Ontogeny In An Ungulate, The Goat, Capra Hircus, Elodie F. Briefer, Alan G. Mcelligott

Alan G. McElligott, Ph.D.

Vocal plasticity is the ability of an individual to modify its vocalizations according to its environment. Humans benefit from an extreme form of vocal plasticity, allowing us to produce a wide range of sounds. This capacity to modify sounds has been shown in three bird orders and in a few nonhuman mammal species, all characterized by complex vocal communication systems. In other mammals, there is no evidence for a social impact on vocal development. We investigated whether contact calls were affected by social environment and kinship during early ontogeny in goats, a highly vocal and social species. To test the ...


The Use Of Judgement Bias To Assess Welfare In Farm Livestock, L. Baciadonna, A. G. McElligott 2017 Queen Mary University of London

The Use Of Judgement Bias To Assess Welfare In Farm Livestock, L. Baciadonna, A. G. Mcelligott

Alan G. McElligott, Ph.D.

The development of accurate measures of animal emotions is important for improving and promoting animal welfare. Cognitive bias indicates the effect of emotional states on cognitive processes, such as memory, attention, and judgement. Cognitive bias tests complement existing behavioural and physiological measures for assessing the valence of animal emotions indirectly. The judgement bias test has been used to assess emotional states in non-human animals; mainly in laboratory settings. The aim of this review is to summarise the findings on the use of the judgement bias test approach in assessing emotions in non-human animals, focusing in particular on farm livestock. The ...


Unexpected Dual Task Benefits On Cycling In Parkinson Disease And Healthy Adults: A Neuro-Behavioral Model, Lori J. P. Altmann, Elizabeth L. Stegemoller, Audrey A. Hazamy, Jonathan P. Wilson, Michael S. Okun, Nikolaus R. McFarland, Aparna W. Shukla, Chris J. Hass 2017 University of Florida

Unexpected Dual Task Benefits On Cycling In Parkinson Disease And Healthy Adults: A Neuro-Behavioral Model, Lori J. P. Altmann, Elizabeth L. Stegemoller, Audrey A. Hazamy, Jonathan P. Wilson, Michael S. Okun, Nikolaus R. Mcfarland, Aparna W. Shukla, Chris J. Hass

Elizabeth L. Stegemoller

Background When performing two tasks at once, a dual task, performance on one or both tasks typically suffers. People with Parkinson’s disease (PD) usually experience larger dual task decrements on motor tasks than healthy older adults (HOA). Our objective was to investigate the decrements in cycling caused by performing cognitive tasks with a range of difficulty in people with PD and HOAs. Methods Twenty-eight participants with Parkinson’s disease and 20 healthy older adults completed a baseline cycling task with no secondary tasks and then completed dual task cycling while performing 12 tasks from six cognitive domains representing a ...


Lessons And Challenges Of Trials Involving Ancillary Therapies For Parkinson’S Disease, Chris J. Hass, Elizabeth L. Stegemoller, Madeleine E. Hackney, Joe R. Nocera 2017 Iowa State University

Lessons And Challenges Of Trials Involving Ancillary Therapies For Parkinson’S Disease, Chris J. Hass, Elizabeth L. Stegemoller, Madeleine E. Hackney, Joe R. Nocera

Elizabeth L. Stegemoller

Progressive impairment, particularly related to gait, postural control and cognitive decline, are not effectively treated by the current pharmacological and surgical management of Parkinson's disease (PD). This has led many patients and treating physicians to explore concomitant therapeutic modalities such as aerobic exercise, resistance training, physical therapy, massage, dance and music therapy, tai chi and others to aid in reducing symptomatology and improving patient quality of life.


Repetitive Finger Movement Performance Differs Among Parkinson’S Disease, Progressive Supranuclear Palsy, And Spinocerebellar Ataxia, Elizabeth L. Stegemoller, Jennifer Uzochukwu, Mark D. Tillman, Nikolaus R. McFarland, SH Subramony, Michael S. Okun, Chris J. Hass 2017 Iowa State University

Repetitive Finger Movement Performance Differs Among Parkinson’S Disease, Progressive Supranuclear Palsy, And Spinocerebellar Ataxia, Elizabeth L. Stegemoller, Jennifer Uzochukwu, Mark D. Tillman, Nikolaus R. Mcfarland, Sh Subramony, Michael S. Okun, Chris J. Hass

Elizabeth L. Stegemoller

Background Differentiating movement disorders is critical for appropriate treatment, prognosis, and for clinical trials. In clinical trials this is especially important as effects can be diluted by inclusion of inappropriately diagnosed participants. In early disease duration phases, disorders often have overlapping clinical features, such as impairments in repetitive finger movement, making diagnosis challenging. The purpose of this pilot study was to examine and compare repetitive finger movement performance in participants diagnosed with idiopathic Parkinson’s disease, Progressive Supranuclear Palsy, and spinocerebellar ataxias. Methods Participants completed an unconstrained index finger flexion/extension movement (i.e. finger tap) in time with an ...


Fast Shoreline Erosion Induced By Ship Wakes In A Coastal Lagoon: Field Evidence And Remote Sensing Analysis, Luca Zaggia, Giuliano Lorenzetti, Giorgia Manfe, Gian Marco Scarpa, Emanuela Molinaroli, Kevin E. Parnell, John Rapaglia, Maria Gionta, Tarmo Soomere 2017 National Research Council of Italy

Fast Shoreline Erosion Induced By Ship Wakes In A Coastal Lagoon: Field Evidence And Remote Sensing Analysis, Luca Zaggia, Giuliano Lorenzetti, Giorgia Manfe, Gian Marco Scarpa, Emanuela Molinaroli, Kevin E. Parnell, John Rapaglia, Maria Gionta, Tarmo Soomere

John Rapaglia

An investigation based on in-situ surveys combined with remote sensing and GIS analysis revealed fast shoreline retreat on the side of a major waterway, the Malamocco Marghera Channel, in the Lagoon of Venice, Italy. Monthly and long-term regression rates caused by ship wakes in a reclaimed industrial area were considered. The short-term analysis, based on field surveys carried out between April 2014 and January 2015, revealed that the speed of shoreline regression was insignificantly dependent on the distance from the navigation channel, but was not constant through time. Periods of high water levels due to tidal forcing or storm surges ...


Observations On The Puddling Behavior Of The Canadian Tiger Swallowtail Butterfly, Papilio Glaucus Canadensis In Northern Michigan, J. Mark Scriber, Matthew P. Ayres 2017 Michigan State University

Observations On The Puddling Behavior Of The Canadian Tiger Swallowtail Butterfly, Papilio Glaucus Canadensis In Northern Michigan, J. Mark Scriber, Matthew P. Ayres

The Great Lakes Entomologist

(excerpt)

The occurrence of "puddling" behavior in Lepidoptera has been reviewed by M. J. Norris (1936) by J. A. Downes (1973) and by P. H. Adler (1982). Butterflies have been previously reported on mammalian dung, urine, perspiration, saliva, salt, blood, campfire ashes, aphid honeydew, tree sap and animal carrion. The rarity of female puddling in butterflies, particularly the tiger swallowtail (Papilio glaucus) has been recently addressed by two studies (Berger and Lederhouse 1985, Scriber 1987).


Malathion Resistance In Larvae Of Some Southern Minnesota Populations Of The Indianmeal Moth, Plodia Interpunctella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), Infesting Bulk-Stored Shelled Corn, W. A. Sumner II, P. K. Harein, Bh. Subramanyam 2017 University of Minnesota

Malathion Resistance In Larvae Of Some Southern Minnesota Populations Of The Indianmeal Moth, Plodia Interpunctella (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), Infesting Bulk-Stored Shelled Corn, W. A. Sumner Ii, P. K. Harein, Bh. Subramanyam

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Larvae of 21 field collected populations of the Indianmeal moth, Plodia interpunctella, infesting stored shelled corn in southern Minnesota were tested for their susceptibility to malathion in the laboratory. A population that was a composite of the 21 populations and a malathion susceptible population were also tested for their susceptibility to malathion, pirimiphos-methyl and chlorpyrifos-methyl. Comparison of the LDso values of the field populations with the malathion susceptible population indicated that the field populations were ca. 33- to 625-fold resistant to malathion. The composite field population was ca. 243-fold resistant to malathion, and this population was 3.2-fold cross-resistant to ...


Courtship Behavior In Habronattus Captiosus (Araneae: Salticidae), Bruce Cutler 2017 Valparaiso University

Courtship Behavior In Habronattus Captiosus (Araneae: Salticidae), Bruce Cutler

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Courtship display of Habronattus captiosus involves several behavioral elements common to other members of the Habronattus coecatus species group. The one unique element is vibration of the patellae when raised over the opisthosoma. Male-male interactions included an agonistic display and grappling. Fourteen male-female interactions were observed, which exhibited various combinations of display elements. There was one successful mating and one case of cannibalism by a male.


Chrysochus Auratus (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Absolved As Pecan Pest, Charles E. Williams 2017 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University

Chrysochus Auratus (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Absolved As Pecan Pest, Charles E. Williams

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Chrysochus auratus, the dogbane beetle, has been erroneously implicated as a pecan defoliator in the early literature. Alternative scenarios suggest other chrysomelid species that may have been responsible for the defoliation.


Use Of Baited Pitfall Traps For Monitoring Pales Weevil, Hylobius Pales (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), Kenneth F. Raffa, David W. A. Hunt 2017 University of Wisconsin

Use Of Baited Pitfall Traps For Monitoring Pales Weevil, Hylobius Pales (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), Kenneth F. Raffa, David W. A. Hunt

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Pitfall traps baited with ethanol and turpentine serve as an effective tool for monitoring pales weevil (Hylobius pales) populations. Males and females are equally attracted to this bait. Neither component alone showed any attractiveness. The presence of a pine stem for weevil feeding does not affect the number or sex ratio of captured weevils. The potential of using attraction to baited traps as a sampling method for pales weevil is discussed.


Spring Season Survey Of The Urban Blowflies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) Of Chicago, Illinois, Donald L. Baumgartner 2017 Northwest Mosquito Abatement District

Spring Season Survey Of The Urban Blowflies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) Of Chicago, Illinois, Donald L. Baumgartner

The Great Lakes Entomologist

During May 1980, 1165 blowflies of 12 species were trapped on chemically enhanced rat carrion baits in a dense urban setting in Chicago. In descending order, Cynomyopsis cadaverina, Lucilia sericata, and Phormia regina were the most abundant species recovered (92% of total). These results are contrasted with other nearby blowfly surveys.


Araphe Carolina In Illinois (Hemiptera: Largidae), John K. Bouseman 2017 Illinois Natural History Survey

Araphe Carolina In Illinois (Hemiptera: Largidae), John K. Bouseman

The Great Lakes Entomologist

(excerpt)

Araphe carolina (Herrich-Schaffer) is a little-known species that has been recorded "from North Carolina south to Florida, thence west through Tennessee to Arizona and Baja California" (Halstead, 1972). Froeschner (1944) characterized it as a "scarce species" in recording it from five counties in the Ozark Region of southern Missouri. The purpose of this note is to provide the first records of A. carolina in Illinois and incidentally to provide the first record of any largid bug in the state.


Additional Records Of Michigan Bat Ectoparasites, Steven B. Dood, Allen Kurta 2017 Ohio Environmental Protection Agency

Additional Records Of Michigan Bat Ectoparasites, Steven B. Dood, Allen Kurta

The Great Lakes Entomologist

New Michigan county records for Ischnopsyllidae, Cimicidae, Spinturnicidae, Macro- nyssidae, and Trombiculidae from bats are given along with two new bat/parasite records for the United States.


Terricolous Spiders (Araneae) Of Insecticide-Treated Spruce-Fir Forests In West-Central Maine, Daniel J. Hilburn, Daniel T. Jennings 2017 University of Maine

Terricolous Spiders (Araneae) Of Insecticide-Treated Spruce-Fir Forests In West-Central Maine, Daniel J. Hilburn, Daniel T. Jennings

The Great Lakes Entomologist

Spiders of 12 families, 42 genera, and at least 62 species were captured in linear-pitfall traps placed in insecticide-treated (Sevin-4-Oil®, Dipel 4L ®, Thuricide 16B®) and untreated spruce-fIr forests of west-central Maine. Species richness per family ranged from 1 (Theridiidae, Araneidae, Salticidae) to 19 (Erigonidae). Most trapped species were web-spinners (67.2%); most trapped individuals were hunters (75.2%). Lycosidae accounted for 66.1 % of all (n = 887) captured spiders. Total trapped spiders varied among insecticide treatments, sampling dates, and study sites. However, comparison of mean prespray and postspray trap catches indicated no significant reduction (ANOVA, ANCOVA, P 0.05) in ...


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