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Polydopamine And Silica Nanoparticles Magnetic Dispersive Solid Phase Extraction Coupled With Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry To Determine Phenolic Acids And Flavonoids In Fruit Wine, Hui-Ling Lee, Chih-Yuan Kang, Yen-Jung Kuo, Shan-Ni Tseng 2021 Department of Chemistry, Fu Jen Catholic University, New Taipei City, Taiwan

Polydopamine And Silica Nanoparticles Magnetic Dispersive Solid Phase Extraction Coupled With Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry To Determine Phenolic Acids And Flavonoids In Fruit Wine, Hui-Ling Lee, Chih-Yuan Kang, Yen-Jung Kuo, Shan-Ni Tseng

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Magnetic solid phase extraction (MSPE) have been widely applied in a variety of sample preparation techniques. Herein, Fe3O4@pDA as the sorbents for MSPE, were developed for the determination of phenolic acids and flavonoids in fruit wine samples in combination with LC-MS/MS. The Fe3O4@pDA were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Superconducting Quantum Interference Device Magnetometer (SQUID) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) in detail. In the present study, a new, rapid, and efficient MSPE by LC-MS/MS was established for the extraction and sensitive detection of phenolic acids and flavonoids ...


Human Microglia Extensively Reconstitute In Humanized-Blt Mice With Human Interleukin-34 Transgene And Support Hiv-1 Brain Infection, Jianshui Zhang, Saroj Chandra Lohani, Yilun Cheng, Tao Wang, Lili Guo, Woong-Ki Kim, Santhi Gorantla, Qingsheng Li 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Human Microglia Extensively Reconstitute In Humanized-Blt Mice With Human Interleukin-34 Transgene And Support Hiv-1 Brain Infection, Jianshui Zhang, Saroj Chandra Lohani, Yilun Cheng, Tao Wang, Lili Guo, Woong-Ki Kim, Santhi Gorantla, Qingsheng Li

Faculty Publications in the Biological Sciences

Humanized bone marrow-liver-thymic (hu-BLT) mice develop a functional immune system in periphery, nevertheless, have a limited reconstitution of human myeloid cells, especially microglia, in CNS. Further, whether bone marrow derived hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) can enter the brain and differentiate into microglia in adults remains controversial. To close these gaps, in this study we unambiguously demonstrated that human microglia in CNS were extensively reconstituted in adult NOG mice with human interleukin-34 transgene (hIL34 Tg) from circulating CD34+ HSPCs, nonetheless not in hu-BLT NOG mice, providing strong evidence that human CD34+ HSPCs can enter adult brain and differentiate into ...


Recruitment Patterns Of The Fouling Community On Eelgrass In Long Island Sound, Diana Lancaster 2021 Albion College

Recruitment Patterns Of The Fouling Community On Eelgrass In Long Island Sound, Diana Lancaster

Department of Marine Sciences

Abstract The seagrass Zostera marina (eelgrass) is typically found in shallow protected areas of portions of eastern Long Island Sound (LIS). Although the species and its associated ecosystem have been well studied in many places, work in LIS has been limited. A field study was conducted to assess the fouling communities associated with eelgrass beds around Pine Island, in eastern LIS. Samples were collected from four sites between July and October, 2011. A total of 15 species of fouling organisms were found on eelgrass leaves throughout the study period. Recruitment patterns varied spatially and temporally. Differences in the composition of ...


The Importance Of Exercise And Nutrition In Early Life, Elisabet Borsheim 2021 University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences

The Importance Of Exercise And Nutrition In Early Life, Elisabet Borsheim

Seminars

Dr. Børsheim will present her research on the important of exercise and nutrition in early life. In her presentation Dr. Børsheim will focus on childhood obesity and show that this can increase risk for later life metabolic dysfunction. She will discuss if physical fitness can attenuate negative effects of obesity in children and if there are critical windows of development where physical activity is of specific importance. Finally, she will present data on impact on early physical activity and nutrition on response to exercise later in life.


A Microfluidic Approach To Rescue Als Motor Neuron Degeneration Using Rapamycin., Phaneendra Chennampally, Ambreen Sayed-Zahid, Prabakaran Soundararajan, Jocelyn Sharp, Gregory A. Cox, Scott D Collins, Rosemary L Smith 2021 The Jackson Laboratory

A Microfluidic Approach To Rescue Als Motor Neuron Degeneration Using Rapamycin., Phaneendra Chennampally, Ambreen Sayed-Zahid, Prabakaran Soundararajan, Jocelyn Sharp, Gregory A. Cox, Scott D Collins, Rosemary L Smith

Faculty Research 2021

TAR DNA-binding protein-43 (TDP-43) is known to accumulate in ubiquitinated inclusions of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis affected motor neurons, resulting in motor neuron degeneration, loss of motor functions, and eventually death. Rapamycin, an mTOR inhibitor and a commonly used immunosuppressive drug, has been shown to increase the survivability of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) affected motor neurons. Here we present a transgenic, TDP-43-A315T, mouse model expressing an ALS phenotype and demonstrate the presence of ubiquitinated cytoplasmic TDP-43 aggregates with > 80% cell death by 28 days post differentiation in vitro. Embryonic stem cells from this mouse model were used to study the onset ...


Effect Of Defoliation Frequency And Planting Density On Yield And Nutritive Value Of Coursetia Ferruginea (Hbk) Lavin, H. J. Delgado Gómez, R. González Anciani, G. López, D. Urdaneta, L. Ramírez Avilés 2021 Universidad del Zulia, Mexico

Effect Of Defoliation Frequency And Planting Density On Yield And Nutritive Value Of Coursetia Ferruginea (Hbk) Lavin, H. J. Delgado Gómez, R. González Anciani, G. López, D. Urdaneta, L. Ramírez Avilés

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

The aim of the present study was to asses the influence of the frequency of defoliation and density of sowing on yield and nutritive value of Coursetia ferruginea. Three defoliation frequencies (6, 8 and 10 weeks) and three densities of planting (1 x 1 m, 1 x 1.5 m and 1 x 2 m) were evaluated. A randomized block design, in a split plot arrangement and four repetitions, was used. Frequency of defoliation has a strong significant (P< 0.01) effect on dry matter (DM) yield (13.6, 18.1 and 27.8 g DM/plant for 6, 8 and 10-week defoliation frequencies), plant height (63.5, 76.6 and 101.2 cm) and plant survival (71, 74 and 86%). Nutritive value was significantly (P< 0.05) affected by the frequency of defoliation. Mineral content was reduced as the defoliation interval increased. Density of planting did not affect (P> 0.05) any of the variables. It is concluded that, C. ferruginea is a forage shrub with potential to improve animal ...


Leaf Elongation Rate Of Mediterranean And Temperate Tall Fescue Cultivars Under Water Deficit, Silvia G. Assuero, C. Matthew, Mónica G. Agnusdei 2021 INTA, Argentina

Leaf Elongation Rate Of Mediterranean And Temperate Tall Fescue Cultivars Under Water Deficit, Silvia G. Assuero, C. Matthew, Mónica G. Agnusdei

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

The leaf elongation rate of a temperate (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.) and a Mediterranean (F. arundinacea var. letourneuxiana) tall fescue cultivar in response to water deficit was studied in a glasshouse experiment. Plants of both cultivars were grown in the same containers and received water daily with gradation in intensity of water deficit achieved by varying the daily water ration per container. Leaf elongation rate (LER) was calculated for eight successive subperiods during the application of the water treatments. Under the high temperatures registered in this experiment, the Mediterranean cultivar showed lower LERs and tended to be less affected by a ...


Prediction Of Herbage Accumulation Of Cynodon Grasses By An Empirical Model Based On Temperature And Daylength, H. R. de Medeiros, Carlos G. S. Pedreira, N. A. Villa Nova, L. G. Barioni, A. C. C. Mello 2021 Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil

Prediction Of Herbage Accumulation Of Cynodon Grasses By An Empirical Model Based On Temperature And Daylength, H. R. De Medeiros, Carlos G. S. Pedreira, N. A. Villa Nova, L. G. Barioni, A. C. C. Mello

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

The objective of this work was to estimate dry matter production of Cynodon grasses as a function of photothermal units (PU). Total PU values were calculated for the period from February 1 to April 24, 1996, from a location in southeastern Brazil. Regression analysis was run between PU and herbage production from a published data set on five Cynodon cultivars, with an r2 of 0.9983. Differences between measured and estimated values were under 5%. Model testing using an independent data set on herbage dry matter production from grazed Cynodon pastures showed an overestimation, probably due to water deficit ...


Through Their Eyes: Exploring The Relationship Between College Females’ Body Perceptions And Recreation Center Messaging, Sydney Cindrich, Kimberly Hurley 2021 Iowa State University

Through Their Eyes: Exploring The Relationship Between College Females’ Body Perceptions And Recreation Center Messaging, Sydney Cindrich, Kimberly Hurley

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(5): 1112-1122, 2021. The study aimed to investigate the influence that recreation center promotional messaging had on college females’ body perceptions. Female participants 18 to 25 years of age (N = 137, Mage = 20.41) from a mid-sized, Midwestern university completed two separate body perception questionnaires. These questionnaires assessed body appreciation (functionality) and body shame (appearance). Participants were divided into three groups and shown a collage of recreation center messages that were portraying one of three conditions: (a) body functionality, (b) body appearance, or (c) neutral images. Participants then completed post-collage surveys to capture ...


Depression In Collegiate Runners And Soccer Players: Relationships With Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D, Ferritin And Fractures, Devin C. Tomlinson, Evan Eschker, Jade Callan, Tamara Hew-Butler 2021 Translational Biology, Medicine, and Health at Virginia Tech

Depression In Collegiate Runners And Soccer Players: Relationships With Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D, Ferritin And Fractures, Devin C. Tomlinson, Evan Eschker, Jade Callan, Tamara Hew-Butler

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(5): 1099-1111, 2021. The main purpose of this study was to evaluate relationships between depression versus serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (vitamin D), serum ferritin (ferritin), and fractures across a competitive season. The authors conducted a prospective observational study (both pre- and post-season testing) on 51 collegiate soccer and cross-country athletes from a Midwest University. Our main outcome measure was depression, measured using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). A CES-D score ≥ 16 represented the threshold value for clinical depression. Secondary outcome variables included vitamin D, ferritin, and fractures. Two athletes (3.9%; one ...


Cycling With Short Crank Lengths Improved Economy In Novices, Boe Burrus, Jessie Armendariz, Brian Moscicki 2021 Gonzaga University

Cycling With Short Crank Lengths Improved Economy In Novices, Boe Burrus, Jessie Armendariz, Brian Moscicki

International Journal of Exercise Science

International Journal of Exercise Science 14(1): 1123-1137, 2021. Novice endurance athletes utilize slower movements and smaller ranges of motion compared to trained endurance athletes. Novice cyclists have been shown to follow this paradigm via the use of slower cadences but may further benefit by utilizing shorter crank lengths to affect speed of movement and range of motion. The purpose of the study was to determine the impact of shorter than traditional crank lengths on the physiological response and performance of novice cyclists exercising at 60% of VO2peak. A total of 14 male novice cyclists (25.9 ± 6.9 ...


Water Management For Establishment Of Alfalfa (Medicago Sativa L.), J. B. Rassini, E. J. A. Leme 2021 EMBRAPA, Brazil

Water Management For Establishment Of Alfalfa (Medicago Sativa L.), J. B. Rassini, E. J. A. Leme

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

This research was carried out in 1997, at the “Centro de Ciências Agrárias” of the “Universidade Federal de São Carlos”, in Araras, SP, Brazil, to evaluate the behavior of three growth stages (S1 = initial vegetative stage, S2 = full vegetative stage, and S3 = reproductive stage) of the “Crioula” alfalfa cultivar, in the presence of four water levels (L1 = 100%, L2 = 80%, L3 = 45-50% and, L4 =20-25% of a sprinkler irrigation) in a field trial. Growth stages changed according to water levels, and S2 stage was the most affected by water supply, while S ...


High Salinity Effects On The Components Of Relative Growth Rate In Rhodes Grass, E. Taleisnik, L. García Seffino, A. Córdoba, K. Grunberg, C. Arias, M. de Luca 2021 INTA, Argentina

High Salinity Effects On The Components Of Relative Growth Rate In Rhodes Grass, E. Taleisnik, L. García Seffino, A. Córdoba, K. Grunberg, C. Arias, M. De Luca

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

Rhodes grass (Chloris gayana Kunth), is widely cultivated in the semiarid tropics and favored for its salt tolerance. Nevertheless, productivity decreases significantly under saline conditions, especially in tetraploid cultivars. The purpose of this work was to explore, in tetraploid cultivar Boma, the physiological causes for the observed salt-associated growth reduction. The effects of high salinity (200 mM NaCl) on the components of relative growth rate were analyzed in greenhouse experiments. An early reduction in leaf area expansion was observed, which later resulted in decreased dry matter accumulation. Plant leafiness was reduced by effects both on dry matter allocation to photosynthetic ...


Evaluation Of Fertilizing Methods On The Establishment Of Pasture Species On Native Pasture By Direct Sowing, O. L. P. Oliveira, S. S. Gonzaga, J. O. N. Gonçalves, E. N. Muniz, T. M. S. Freitas, L. P. Grando 2021 EMBRAPA, Brazil

Evaluation Of Fertilizing Methods On The Establishment Of Pasture Species On Native Pasture By Direct Sowing, O. L. P. Oliveira, S. S. Gonzaga, J. O. N. Gonçalves, E. N. Muniz, T. M. S. Freitas, L. P. Grando

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

The experiment was carried out in the southern of Brazil, by direct sowing ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum), white clover (Trifolium repens), birds foot trifolium (Lotus corniculatus) and red clover (Trifolium pratensis) on native pasture. Herbicide Glyfosate was previously applied on this native pasture. The treatments were T1 -seed sowing in row with half fertilizer in row and half broadcasting; T2 – seed sowing in row with all fertilizer in row; T3 – seed sowing in row and all fertilizer broadcasting; T4 – seed and fertilizer broadcasting. The pasture was evaluated by two cuts in 1998 and three cuts in 1999. Considering cut means for ...


Interactions Between The Effects Of Nitrogen, And Phosphorus, Potassium And Sulphur On Grass Production, J. D. Morton, L. C. Smith 2021 AgResearch, New Zealand

Interactions Between The Effects Of Nitrogen, And Phosphorus, Potassium And Sulphur On Grass Production, J. D. Morton, L. C. Smith

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

The interactions between rates of nitrogen (N) and rates of phosphorus (P), potassium (K) or sulphur (S) on yield of ryegrass dominant swards were measured with no return of mown clippings in Southland, New Zealand. In the second year of the trial, the yield response to 176 kg N ha-1 compared with no N increased only slightly with increasing soil Olsen P from 8 to 91 µg g-1 soil. At 352 and 704 kg N ha-1 there was a large increase in the yield response (from 5 to 9.4 and 11 t DM ha-1 respectively ...


Application Of Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy (Nirs) For Macronutrients Analysis In Alfalfa (Medicago Sativa L.), A. Morón, D. Cozzolino 2021 INIA, Uruguay

Application Of Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy (Nirs) For Macronutrients Analysis In Alfalfa (Medicago Sativa L.), A. Morón, D. Cozzolino

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

Near infrared reflectance spectroscopy was used to assess the mineral composition of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) as a tool for nutritional diagnosis. One hundred and ninety four (n = 194) samples of alfalfa from different locations representing a wide range of soils were used. Samples were reflectance scanned in a NIRS 6500 (NIRSystems, USA) instrument. The coefficients of determination (R2) of the regression estimate of the concentration of nitrogen, calcium, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium and sulphur and the errors in cross validation (SECV) were 0.93 (SECV: 1.6), 0.95 (SECV: 1.3), 0.93 (SECV: 1.9), 0.88 ...


Phosphorus, Sulphur And Micronutrients On Grassland Improvement With White Clover (Trifolium Repens L.) On Basaltic Soils In Uruguay, A. Morón, D. F. Risso 2021 INIA, Uruguay

Phosphorus, Sulphur And Micronutrients On Grassland Improvement With White Clover (Trifolium Repens L.) On Basaltic Soils In Uruguay, A. Morón, D. F. Risso

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

Grasslands improvement with legumes is a promising technology for increasing forage quality and productivity on basaltic soils, but requires the correction of nutrient deficiencies. Phosphorus is a key element, but usual techniques of soil analysis are not good predictors. An experimental work was conducted in the northern region of the country. Evaluating the response of an improvement with white clover to P. Citric Acid showed a good association between soil P status and legume behavior. In addition there was a positive trend in forage production, in relation to S application, even though this effect was only significant in legume yield ...


Effect Of Liquid Cattle Manure Application On The Botanical Composition Forage Dry Yield And Soil Chemical Characteristics In Mixed Pastures, J. K. Lee, W. H. Kim, D. E. Shin, S. Seo, G. J. Choi, E. S. Chung, G. J. Park 2021 National Livestock Research Institute, South Korea

Effect Of Liquid Cattle Manure Application On The Botanical Composition Forage Dry Yield And Soil Chemical Characteristics In Mixed Pastures, J. K. Lee, W. H. Kim, D. E. Shin, S. Seo, G. J. Choi, E. S. Chung, G. J. Park

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

Many farmers apply liquid cattle manure on grassland, often in excess of crop N requirement, resulting in groundwater contamination. Our experiment was carried out to determine the effect of liquid cattle manure application on the botanical composition, forage dry yield and soil chemical characteristics in mixed pastures at the forage experimental field, National Livestock Research Institute, RDA, Korea. Five treatments consisting of no fertilizer, chemical fertilizer (210kg N/ ha), liquid cattle manure (40, 60 and 80 ton N/ ha) were arranged in a randomized complete block design with three replicates. No fertilizer treatment consistently had lower botanical composition rate of ...


The Effect Of Fermented Saw-Dust Pig Manure On Forage Mineral Contents And Soil Fertility In Cheju Volcanic Ash Soil, M. C. Kim, T. G. Kim 2021 Cheju National University, South Korea

The Effect Of Fermented Saw-Dust Pig Manure On Forage Mineral Contents And Soil Fertility In Cheju Volcanic Ash Soil, M. C. Kim, T. G. Kim

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

Studies were carried out to investigate the change of soil characteristics and pasture minerals as affected by fermented saw-dust pig manure(FSM) applied to mixed pasture of a brown volcanic ash soil during the period from October 1996 to October 1998. Pasture mixed with orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) and white clover (Trifolium repens L.) was treated with N 200kg/ha + P 300kg/ha +K 200kg/ha(T1), N 100kg/ha + 10 ton/ha FSM(T2), FSM 10 ton/ha(T3), 20ton/ha FSM(T4), 40ton/ha FSM(T5) or 80ton/ha FSM(T6). K and P contents of mixed pasture ...


Nutrient Dynamics And Inventory In Tropical Grassland Ecosystem In Southern India, K. Karunaichamy, Kailash Paliwal 2021 Rubber Research Institute of India, India

Nutrient Dynamics And Inventory In Tropical Grassland Ecosystem In Southern India, K. Karunaichamy, Kailash Paliwal

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

The present study was to ascertain the distribution of calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg) and sodium (Na) in the different plant components and in the soil top 30 cm at Kalikesam in Western Ghats region of southern India. Magnesium concentration increased in the order: dead shoots > belowground > litter > aboveground live. Sodium concentration in live shoots was maximum in February (0.51%) and minimum in August (0.05%). Annually 8.94 g/m2 Ca, 2.41g/ m2 Mg and 2.30g/ m2 Na was taken up by plants. The distribution of the three nutrients in plant/soil system indicated ...


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