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186,358 full-text articles. Page 6 of 4581.

Courtship Behavior, Communication, And Copulation In Tigrosa Annexa, Samuel White 2018 Murray State University

Courtship Behavior, Communication, And Copulation In Tigrosa Annexa, Samuel White

Scholars Week

The evolution of multimodal communication, where signalers use multiple signal components in multiple sensory modalities, has become the subject of investigation by many researchers. Signaling puts males at risk of predation, so why do males of some species evolve extra signals that may increase this risk? In some wolf spider species, males incorporate many visual and vibrational signals into a display that they use to attract a female for mating. Female spiders are often aggressive toward courting males and so the male display also functions to decrease the odds of cannibalism. Female wandering spiders deposit silk containing pheromones that communicate ...


Modeling Werner Syndrome In Drosophila, Elyse A. Bolterstein, Aaron E. Schirmer 2018 Northeastern Illinois University

Modeling Werner Syndrome In Drosophila, Elyse A. Bolterstein, Aaron E. Schirmer

Faculty Research and Creative Activities Symposium

No abstract provided.


Examining Delayed Onset Of Dementia In The Bilingual Geriatric Population, Erica Brown, Elizabeth Hartman 2018 DePaul University

Examining Delayed Onset Of Dementia In The Bilingual Geriatric Population, Erica Brown, Elizabeth Hartman

Grace Peterson Nursing Research Colloquium

Background: Dementia is the largest cause of dependency and disability in older adults, affecting nearly 50 million people worldwide with about 10 million new cases every year. Presently, there are no cures for dementia. Consequently, a growing body of evidence suggests that bilingualism may delay the onset of clinical dementia symptoms by several years.

Objectives: The purpose of this review is to summarize and analyze current evidence from studies that examined how bilingualism delays the onset of dementia. Evidence is reviewed suggesting that bilingualism may delay the dementia symptoms due to an increase in cognitive reserve, which refers to an ...


Metabolic Processing By The Mtorc1 Pathway In The Zebrafish Yolk Cell, Jorge A. Cantu 2018 Northeastern Illinois University

Metabolic Processing By The Mtorc1 Pathway In The Zebrafish Yolk Cell, Jorge A. Cantu

Faculty Research and Creative Activities Symposium

No abstract provided.


Thinking Computationally About Forensics: Anthropological Perspectives On Advancements In Technologies, Data, And Algorithms, Bridget F.B. Algee-Hewitt, Jieun Kim, Cris E. Hughes 2018 Stanford University

Thinking Computationally About Forensics: Anthropological Perspectives On Advancements In Technologies, Data, And Algorithms, Bridget F.B. Algee-Hewitt, Jieun Kim, Cris E. Hughes

Human Biology Open Access Pre-Prints

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New Approaches To Juvenile Age Estimation In Forensics: Application Of Transition Analysis Via The Shackelford Et Al. Method To A Diverse Modern Subadult Sample, Kelly R. Kamnikar, Nicholas P. Herrmann, Amber M. Plemons 2018 Michigan State University

New Approaches To Juvenile Age Estimation In Forensics: Application Of Transition Analysis Via The Shackelford Et Al. Method To A Diverse Modern Subadult Sample, Kelly R. Kamnikar, Nicholas P. Herrmann, Amber M. Plemons

Human Biology Open Access Pre-Prints

Dental development is one of the most widely utilized and accurate methods available for estimating age in subadult skeletal remains. The timing of tooth growth and development is regulated by genetics and less affected by external factors, allowing reliable estimates of chronological age. Traditional methodology focuses on comparing tooth developmental scores to corresponding age charts. Using the Moorrees, Fanning, and Hunt (MFH) developmental scores, Shackelford and colleagues embed the dental development method in a statistical framework based on transition analysis. They generated numerical parameters underlining each “stage” and age-at-death distribution and applied them to fossil hominins and Neanderthals with limited ...


Who Needs Data? I’Ve Got Experience!, Dawnie Wolfe Steadman 2018 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Who Needs Data? I’Ve Got Experience!, Dawnie Wolfe Steadman

Human Biology Open Access Pre-Prints

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Profile Interview With Norman E. Fenn, Shannon L. Castek 2018 Purdue University

Profile Interview With Norman E. Fenn, Shannon L. Castek

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

Shannon L. Castek is a fourth-generation Boilermaker and fourth-professional-year student in the Purdue University College of Pharmacy. Throughout her time in pharmacy school, Shannon has enjoyed supplementing her curricular work with service-learning activities, participating in health screenings and immunization events with the Purdue chapter of the American Pharmacists Association–Academy of Student Pharmacists. She plans to pursue a pharmacy residency following graduation to achieve her dream of becoming an ambulatory care pharmacist. In this article, Shannon highlights the service-learning endeavors of Dr. Norman Fenn in the College of Pharmacy.


Hands Of The Future, Inc.: Connecting Children To Nature, Rebecca Busse 2018 Purdue University

Hands Of The Future, Inc.: Connecting Children To Nature, Rebecca Busse

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

Rebecca Busse is the project coordinator for the Nature of Teaching Extension Program. This provides K–5 teachers with standards-based lesson plans related to wildlife, food waste, and health and wellness. She has been volunteering with Hands of the Future, Inc., for three years. In this article, she describes the organization and her experiences with it.


My Experience In Swaziland With Give Hope, Fight Poverty, Megan Kaser 2018 Purdue University

My Experience In Swaziland With Give Hope, Fight Poverty, Megan Kaser

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

Megan Kaser, a recent 2017 alum in the College of Health and Human Sciences at Purdue University, describes her experience with Give Hope, Fight Poverty (GHFP)—a nonprofit organization in Indianapolis, Indiana. She is currently pursuing a master’s degree in physician assistant studies. GHFP’s mission is “to foster philanthropy domestically by designing service-learning programs that engage U.S. college students with rural communities in Swaziland, Africa, and work together to educate, empower, and lift orphaned and vulnerable children—particularly those living in child-headed households— out of poverty” (Give Hope, Fight Poverty, n.d.). By incorporating college students in ...


The Pharmaceutical Industry: A Pharmacy Student's Guide, Christian Egly, Yaman Kaakeh 2018 Purdue University

The Pharmaceutical Industry: A Pharmacy Student's Guide, Christian Egly, Yaman Kaakeh

Purdue Journal of Service-Learning and International Engagement

Christian Egly is a fourth-year (P4) pharmacy student in the Purdue University College of Pharmacy. During his years at Purdue, he worked in labs performing bench research in clinical pharmacology and biochemistry. He plans to work in the pharmaceutical industry after graduation. During his fourth year, he completed rotations in business development at Kashiv Pharma, LLC, and was hired there for an internship in 2017. In the article, Christian describes his personal experiences at Kashiv Pharma, LLC, and how industry can positively affect patient communities.


The Development Of Hybrid Lipid-Polymer Nanoparticle Architectures For The Sustained-Release Of Small Hydrophilic Molecules, Keegan Curry, Jill M. Steinbach-Rankins Dr. 2018 University of Louisville

The Development Of Hybrid Lipid-Polymer Nanoparticle Architectures For The Sustained-Release Of Small Hydrophilic Molecules, Keegan Curry, Jill M. Steinbach-Rankins Dr.

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Introduction: Polymeric nanoparticles (NPs) have been utilized as drug delivery vehicles for a variety of applications. However, achieving sustained-release of small hydrophilic agents is a primary challenge for their use in prolonged delivery applications.

Objective: This study investigates how novel lipid-polymer hybrid particle architectures can be used to improve the release profile of small hydrophilic encapsulants. Here, PLGA NPs were produced via electrospraying and emulsions. Particles with a core-shell architecture were produced via coaxial electrospraying and the ability of this architecture to sustain release was examined. In addition, we combined polymeric core-shell NPs with a lipid coating to improve biocompatibility ...


Utilizing Municipal Compost And Equine Stall Waste As Potential Economic Alternatives In An In-Ground Pot-In-Pot Production System, Ashley Robert, Alyx Shultz 2018 Murray State University

Utilizing Municipal Compost And Equine Stall Waste As Potential Economic Alternatives In An In-Ground Pot-In-Pot Production System, Ashley Robert, Alyx Shultz

Posters-at-the-Capitol

For Western Kentucky farmers, one viable income source could be a pot-in-pot nursery production. One of the highest costs of production in this system was the planting media that the plants were grown in. Economical alternatives to high-priced, non-renewable peat-based mixes were important to consider. Unique to this region, were two renewable soil amendments that may help farmers to widen their profit margin in a pot-in-pot system. This research looked at the economic viability of locally sourced horse stall waste and municipal compost as soil amendments to a traditional bark and peat based mix. Initial cost projections were favorable for ...


Human Genetic Intervention: How Far Should We Go?, Lance Gregory A. Nunes 2018 University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa

Human Genetic Intervention: How Far Should We Go?, Lance Gregory A. Nunes

Mānoa Horizons

Since the beginning of time, man has treated illness and disease with natural remedies. With the advancement in knowledge and technology, new kinds of treatments have entered the realm of medicine—namely genetic intervention. This paper aims to help determine where we should take our development of this technology. In each branch of genetic intervention—whether it be gene therapy, prevention, remediation, or enhancement—issues of ethics, socio-economics, and religion have casted a cloud over the technology, hindering its progression. In contrary, the power to improve the quality and save the lives of individuals affected by genetic diseases does not ...


Gene Therapy: An Overview Of Approaches And Issues, Tony Head 2018 University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa

Gene Therapy: An Overview Of Approaches And Issues, Tony Head

Mānoa Horizons

For over 25 years, scientists have been researching and testing gene therapy techniques, but this work has only resulted in a single FDA-approved therapy: Kymriah™ from Novartis. Kymriah™ was approved in the U.S. in August 2017, and genetically modifies a patient’s own immune cells to seek out and destroy abnormal blood cells. Although clinical trials continue to test and refine different gene therapy approaches, understanding and evaluating the risks associated with treatment may be overwhelming to patients and caregivers alike. This article attempts to provide readers with an introduction to gene therapy so that anyone considering treatment or ...


The Art Of Botany: The Effect Of Drought On Plant Anatomy, Amanda Wong 2018 University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa

The Art Of Botany: The Effect Of Drought On Plant Anatomy, Amanda Wong

Mānoa Horizons

Plants are negatively affected by water deficiencies, and water stress is expected to increase due to more frequent and prolonged droughts from climate change. I investigated the effect of drought on the internal anatomy of the invasive Syzygium cumini plant. In the greenhouse, S. cumini plants were grown, such that half of the plants were watered daily, while the remaining number of plants did not receive any water for the entire experiment. After nine weeks, the base of the main stem was cut into thin disks, stained, and the center was viewed through a microscope for the pith cells that ...


Who Owns Our Genes?, Julia Fujisaka 2018 University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa

Who Owns Our Genes?, Julia Fujisaka

Mānoa Horizons

In June of 2013, the United States Supreme Court ruled 9-0 in favor of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) and others in a case arguing against the patentability of human genes. Critics of gene patenting had long suggested that instead of promoting innovation, human gene patents posed a significant roadblock to the development of important diagnostics and therapeutics, and had a negative impact on public health. Myriad Genetics, Inc., the opposing party, argued that the patenting of human genes encouraged researchers and scientists to try to find alternate paths to reach end goals. However, Myriad Genetics strictly defended patents ...


Lipofibroblast Specific Transcription Factor Required For Lung Alveolar Development, Ga Young (Sally) Park 2018 University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa

Lipofibroblast Specific Transcription Factor Required For Lung Alveolar Development, Ga Young (Sally) Park

Mānoa Horizons

Respiratory Distress Syndrome occurs in preterm births. Premature lungs lack pulmonary surfactant produced by alveolar type II (ATII) cells. Understanding signaling pathways that promote maturation of ATII cells could reduce time spent in neonatal care units. Tcf21, a bHLH transcription factor, is expressed during lung development, and loss of Tcf21 leads to respiratory failure and dysregulation of Wnt signaling. It is hypothesized that lipofibroblasts secrete Wnt ligands to induce ATII cell differentiation. Using genetically engineered mice that permit isolation of ribosomes from Tcf21 lineage cells, the profile of Wnt ligand RNA expressions were determined. To confirm whether Tcf21 is sufficient ...


Exposure To Herbicide Is Linked To Elevated Homocysteine And Folic Acid Deficiency, Tony Head, Julia Fujisaka, Jasmine Padamada, Steffanie Sobitz 2018 University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa

Exposure To Herbicide Is Linked To Elevated Homocysteine And Folic Acid Deficiency, Tony Head, Julia Fujisaka, Jasmine Padamada, Steffanie Sobitz

Mānoa Horizons

SciFiToxin (SFT) is the active ingredient in a popular non-selective herbicide, RoundUpTM. Introduced in 2020, SFT obtained regulatory approval for general use and has since become the leading residential and agricultural herbicide, especially among farmers of genetically modified (GM) crops. Results from two recent studies indicate a rise in the average homocysteine level in humans worldwide and implicate SFT as a possible cause for this phenomenon as well as folic acid deficiency, due to SFT’s effect on key enzymes in the body. Elevated homocysteine levels in the blood may lead to a number of life-threatening conditions, and folic acid ...


The Right To Know: Should Gmo Labeling Be Mandatory In The U.S.?, Steffanie Sobitz 2018 University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa

The Right To Know: Should Gmo Labeling Be Mandatory In The U.S.?, Steffanie Sobitz

Mānoa Horizons

From the commercial release of the first successful genetically modified food to the current debate about the safety of GM foods, one issue has stayed on the forefront of consumers’ minds: the right to know what is in our food. While the history of genetically modified products is easy to follow, the arguments surrounding these high-tech consumables have become convoluted at best. One of the most prominent issues regarding GM foods is the argument that companies who produce, grow, market and sell genetically modified foodstuffs should be required to label them as such. Some iterate the right to know what ...


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