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Brown Marmorated Stink Bug Management For Fruits And Vegetables In Utah, Lori R. Spears, Diane G. Alston, Marion Murray 2018 Utah State University

Brown Marmorated Stink Bug Management For Fruits And Vegetables In Utah, Lori R. Spears, Diane G. Alston, Marion Murray

All Current Publications

This fact sheet describes brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB), an invasive agricultural and nuisance pest from eastern Asia. It includes information on how to identify, feeding injury, monitoring, management, and chemical control.


Rangeland Weed Control And Pasture Rejuvenation, Linden Greenhalgh, Jerry Caldwell, Burt Staples 2018 Utah State University

Rangeland Weed Control And Pasture Rejuvenation, Linden Greenhalgh, Jerry Caldwell, Burt Staples

All Current Publications

The purpose of this fact sheet is to show how rangeland pastures can be rejuvenated through weed control, fertilization, reseeding, and improved management practices.


Development And Fitness Consequences Of Onshore Behavior Among Polar Bears In The Southern Beaufort Sea Subpopulation, Kate M. Lillie 2018 Utah State University

Development And Fitness Consequences Of Onshore Behavior Among Polar Bears In The Southern Beaufort Sea Subpopulation, Kate M. Lillie

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Polar bears (Ursus maritimus) are experiencing rapid and substantial changes to their environment due to global climate change. Polar bears of the southern Beaufort Sea (SB) have historically spent most of the year on the sea ice. However, recent reports from Alaska indicate that the proportion of the SB subpopulation observed onshore during late summer and early fall has increased considerably. Previous research suggests that the number of polar bears onshore is linked to sea ice conditions and the availability of subsistence-harvested whale carcasses, which are referred to as bone piles. My objectives were to determine the development and fitness ...


Enhancing Spider-Silk Protein Materials Through Continuous Electrospinning And Photo-Initiated Cross-Linking, Dan Gil 2018 Utah State University

Enhancing Spider-Silk Protein Materials Through Continuous Electrospinning And Photo-Initiated Cross-Linking, Dan Gil

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Spider-silk is known as one of the stronger natural materials, unfortunately it is impossible to farm spiders due to their territorial and cannibalistic nature. To address this issue, researchers have studied spider-silk to discover how it is produced in nature. From their results, spider-silk is composed of large sized proteins produced in two different cell types. Using this knowledge, researchers created transgenic organisms capable of producing spider-silk proteins in large quantities. Using these proteins, several groups have created fibers, films, hydrogels, and adhesives with robust and versatile properties.

Wet-spinning is a technique commonly used to create fibers from spider-silk proteins ...


Bee Assemblages Data, Bernadette Maria Mach, Daniel A. Potter 2018 University of Kentucky

Bee Assemblages Data, Bernadette Maria Mach, Daniel A. Potter

Entomology Research Data

This is one of the two datasets for this article:

Mach, B. M., & Potter, D. A. Quantifying bee assemblages and attractiveness of flowering woody landscape plants for urban pollinator conservation. (Submitted to PLOS ONE)


Do Density And Food Availability Influence Survivorship And Reproduction In The Freshwater Bivalve, Sphaerium Simile?, Lauren O’Neil 2018 Montclair State University

Do Density And Food Availability Influence Survivorship And Reproduction In The Freshwater Bivalve, Sphaerium Simile?, Lauren O’Neil

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

The small freshwater bivalve Sphaerium simile, like most “fingernail clams” (Sphaeriidae), does not exhibit a planktonic larval stage but instead offspring are brooded inside the valves of the parent. The species is generally regarded as reproductively specialized, or relatively “K” selected along the r‐K continuum. Multiple offspring can develop simultaneously, but brooding siblings are commonly at different developmental stages. An experiment was conducted to evaluate the relative success of brooding offspring and adults in different adult densities and feeding regimes. A controlled laboratory experiment examined four treatment groups, with adult density and feeding frequency as independent variables. There were ...


A Persistence Detector For Metabolic Network Rewiring In An Animal, Jote T. Bulcha, Gabrielle E. Giese, Zulfikar Ali, Yong-Uk Lee, Melissa D. Walker, Amy D. Holdorf, L. Safak Yilmaz, Robert C. Brewster, Albertha J. M. Walhout 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School

A Persistence Detector For Metabolic Network Rewiring In An Animal, Jote T. Bulcha, Gabrielle E. Giese, Zulfikar Ali, Yong-Uk Lee, Melissa D. Walker, Amy D. Holdorf, L. Safak Yilmaz, Robert C. Brewster, Albertha J. M. Walhout

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Persistence detection is a mechanism that ensures a physiological output is only executed when the relevant input is sustained. Gene regulatory network circuits known as coherent type 1 feed forward loops (FFLs) with an AND-logic gate have been proposed to generate persistence detection. In such circuits two transcription factors (TFs) are both required to activate target genes and one of the two TFs activates the other. While numerous FFLs have been identified, examples of actual persistence detectors have only been described for bacteria. Here, we discover a transcriptional persistence detector in Caenorhabditis elegans involving the nuclear hormone receptors nhr-10 and ...


Investigations Of The Potential For Irrigated Agriculture On The Bonaparte Plains: Bore Completion Report, D L. Bennett 2018 Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia

Investigations Of The Potential For Irrigated Agriculture On The Bonaparte Plains: Bore Completion Report, D L. Bennett

Resource management technical reports

Drilling programs were undertaken in 2013 and 2016 by the former Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia and in 2017 by DPIRD, at 10 sites in the Bonaparte Plains area, north of Kununurra in the East Kimberley region of Western Australia (WA).

These drilling programs were a component of resource availability and risk investigations conducted to determine the potential for developing irrigated agriculture on 30 000 hectares (ha) of Cockatoo Sands — free-draining loamy soils that have the potential to support crops in the wet and dry seasons. There was limited hydrogeological information available at a suitable scale for the ...


Opportunities And Challenges Involved With A Large-Scale Private Enterprise Focused On Improving Food Security In Semi-Arid Regions Of Ethiopia, Anthony Richards 2018 Utah State University

Opportunities And Challenges Involved With A Large-Scale Private Enterprise Focused On Improving Food Security In Semi-Arid Regions Of Ethiopia, Anthony Richards

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

In 2009, Morrell Agro Industries (MAI) was formed in Ethiopia with the mission to end famine in the country through growing imported dryland wheat varieties from the western United States. MAI entered into a lease agreement with the Ethiopian government for 25,000 ha of land in semi-arid brushland in the Oromia region. The Beltu farm was established at the location for seed multiplication and demonstration of the dryland initiative concept. From the first harvest in July of 2010 several challenges arose that prevented the success of the dryland seed initiative. From high intensity short duration rainfall events on Vertisol ...


Phenotypic Association Between Lactose And Other Milk Components In Western Us Dairy Herds And Japan, Takuji Asami 2018 Utah State University

Phenotypic Association Between Lactose And Other Milk Components In Western Us Dairy Herds And Japan, Takuji Asami

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Lactose in milk has relatively low variation regardless of season, breed, or country. The study of lactose concentration and correlation among other milk components is limited. Furthermore, dairy farmers have limited access to the lactose data and are not familiar with it. This study was conducted to: 1) investigate the phenotypic correlation between lactose and other milk components; and 2) determine the importance of lactose for dairy herds.

Monthly DHIA records from Utah (DHIA), Dairy Herd Performance Test (DHTP) records from Ibaraki, Japan, and California herd average data (CHAD) covering 27 states were used to analyze the relationships between milk ...


Electron Flow And Management In Living Systems: Advancing Understanding Of Electron Transfer To Nitrogenase, Rhesa N. Ledbetter 2018 Utah State University

Electron Flow And Management In Living Systems: Advancing Understanding Of Electron Transfer To Nitrogenase, Rhesa N. Ledbetter

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Nitrogen is a critical nutrient for growth and reproduction in living organisms. Although the Earth’s atmosphere is composed of ~80% nitrogen gas (N2), it is inaccessible to most living organisms in that form. Biological nitrogen fixation, however, can be performed by microbes that harbor the enzyme nitrogenase. This enzyme converts N2 into bioavailable ammonia (NH3) and accounts for at least half of the “fixed”nitrogen on the planet. The other major contributor to ammonia production is the industrial Haber-Bosch process. While the Haber-Bosch process has made significant advances in sustaining the global food supply through the generation of fertilizer ...


“Do We Know Jack” About Jak? A Closer Look At Jak/Stat Signaling Pathway, Emira Bousoik, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi 2018 Chapman University

“Do We Know Jack” About Jak? A Closer Look At Jak/Stat Signaling Pathway, Emira Bousoik, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi

Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research

Janus tyrosine kinase (JAK) family of proteins have been identified as crucial proteins in signal transduction initiated by a wide range of membrane receptors. Among the proteins in this family JAK2 has been associated with important downstream proteins, including signal transducers and activators of transcription (STATs), which in turn regulate the expression of a variety of proteins involved in induction or prevention of apoptosis. Therefore, the JAK/STAT signaling axis plays a major role in the proliferation and survival of different cancer cells, and may even be involved in resistance mechanisms against molecularly targeted drugs. Despite extensive research focused on ...


Approaches For Estimating Soil Water Retention Curves At Various Bulk Densities With The Extended Van Genuchten Model, Zhengchao Tian, Weida Gao, Dilia Kool, Tusheng Ren, Robert Horton, Joshua L. Heitman 2018 North Carolina State University

Approaches For Estimating Soil Water Retention Curves At Various Bulk Densities With The Extended Van Genuchten Model, Zhengchao Tian, Weida Gao, Dilia Kool, Tusheng Ren, Robert Horton, Joshua L. Heitman

Agronomy Publications

Soil bulk density (ρb) variations influence soil hydraulic properties, such as the water retention curve (WRC), but they are usually ignored in soil-water simulation models. We extend the van Genuchten WRC model parameters to account for ρb variations using a series of empirical expressions. WRC measurements made on eight soils with various ρb and textures are used to calibrate these ρb–related empirical equations. Accordingly, two approaches are developed to estimate WRCs of soils at various ρb. Another eight soils with a wide range of ρb and textures are used to evaluate the accuracy of the new approaches. Approach 1 ...


Tiered Approaches In Analyzing Rice Field Pesticide Fate And Transport For Ecological Risk Assessment, Ruoyu Wang 2018 University of California, Davis

Tiered Approaches In Analyzing Rice Field Pesticide Fate And Transport For Ecological Risk Assessment, Ruoyu Wang

Ruoyu Wang

No abstract provided.


Trefoil Factor 1 (Tff1) Expression In E3 And Ewd8 Breast Cancer Cell Lines, Jazmyn Mosqueda-Banuelos, Nicholas A. Pullen 2018 University of Northern Colorado

Trefoil Factor 1 (Tff1) Expression In E3 And Ewd8 Breast Cancer Cell Lines, Jazmyn Mosqueda-Banuelos, Nicholas A. Pullen

Ursidae: The Undergraduate Research Journal at the University of Northern Colorado

The ability to identify and treat cancer early can drastically improve patient survival outcomes. While much effort is placed on anti-cancer therapeutics, a developing area of interest is the identification of cancer biomarkers for the early detection of different types of cancer. Trefoil factors (TFFs) are a family of proteins whose known functions suggest that they may be major contributors to cancer; however, these proteins are understudied in a disease state like cancer. In this work, we identify expression of TFF1 among varying cancer types. We then investigate the correlation between varying levels of TFF1 expression and the aggressiveness of ...


Distribution-Based Measures Of Tumor Heterogeneity Are Sensitive To Mutation Calling And Lack Strong Clinical Predictive Power., Javad Noorbakhsh, Hyunsoo Kim, Sandeep Namburi, Jeffrey H Chuang 2018 The Jackson Laboratory

Distribution-Based Measures Of Tumor Heterogeneity Are Sensitive To Mutation Calling And Lack Strong Clinical Predictive Power., Javad Noorbakhsh, Hyunsoo Kim, Sandeep Namburi, Jeffrey H Chuang

Faculty Research 2018

Mutant allele frequency distributions in cancer samples have been used to estimate intratumoral heterogeneity and its implications for patient survival. However, mutation calls are sensitive to the calling algorithm. It remains unknown whether the relationship of heterogeneity and clinical outcome is robust to these variations. To resolve this question, we studied the robustness of allele frequency distributions to the mutation callers MuTect, SomaticSniper, and VarScan in 4722 cancer samples from The Cancer Genome Atlas. We observed discrepancies among the results, particularly a pronounced difference between allele frequency distributions called by VarScan and SomaticSniper. Survival analysis showed little robust predictive power ...


Combinatorial Genomic Data Refute The Human Chromosome 2 Evolutionary Fusion And Build A Model Of Functional Design For Interstitial Telomeric Repeats, Jeffrey P. Tomkins 2018 Institute for Creation Research

Combinatorial Genomic Data Refute The Human Chromosome 2 Evolutionary Fusion And Build A Model Of Functional Design For Interstitial Telomeric Repeats, Jeffrey P. Tomkins

The Proceedings of the International Conference on Creationism

Evolutionists allege that human chromosome 2 is the product of an ancient fusion event in an ancient hominid ancestor descended from apes. However, both the alleged site of fusion and the so-called cryptic centromere of human chromosome 2 are situated inside active genes negating the idea of fusion. Not only are the alleged genomic fossils of fusion representative of functional intragenic sequence, but they are also both highly degenerate versions of their supposed evolutionary beginnings, suggesting something other than an evolutionary origin. Given that these data strongly refute an evolutionary fusion scenario, it behooves creationists to propose an alternative model ...


The Crs Ekinds Research Initiative: Where We Have Been And Where We Are Headed From Here, Jean K. Lightner, Kevin Anderson 2018 Liberty University

The Crs Ekinds Research Initiative: Where We Have Been And Where We Are Headed From Here, Jean K. Lightner, Kevin Anderson

The Proceedings of the International Conference on Creationism

The eKINDS research initiative began in 2016 in an effort to accelerate research on numerous outstanding questions related the diversification and speciation of plants and animals. The research encompasses three broad topics: a) identification of created kinds, b) identification of mechanisms that drive diversification and speciation within created kinds, and c) detailed analysis of individual created kinds in an attempt to propose a robust natural history that delineates key events as organisms reproduced and filled the earth following the time of the Flood.

As part of the eKINDS project, a new statistical tool is being developed to take advantage of ...


Bacteriophages As Beneficial Regulators Of The Mammalian Microbiome, Joseph W. Francis, Matthew Ingle, Todd Charles Wood 2018 The Master's College

Bacteriophages As Beneficial Regulators Of The Mammalian Microbiome, Joseph W. Francis, Matthew Ingle, Todd Charles Wood

The Proceedings of the International Conference on Creationism

Much of the research on viruses has concentrated on their disease causing ability. The creation model biomatrix theory predicts that viruses play a beneficial role in cells and organisms. In this report we present a new theory which proposes that mammalian phages (bacteriophages), the most abundant organism associated with mammals, guard and regulate growth of the mammalian microbiome. We base this theory on nearly a century of published evidence that demonstrates that phage can insert into the bacterial genome and cover the surface of bacteria. We propose that this “cloaking” of the bacterial cell surface is an elegant mechanism whereby ...


Integrated Regulation Of Class Ii Human Endogenous Retroviruses In A Breast Cancer Cell Line, Yingguang Liu, Tam D. Nguyen 2018 Liberty University College of Osteopathic Medicine

Integrated Regulation Of Class Ii Human Endogenous Retroviruses In A Breast Cancer Cell Line, Yingguang Liu, Tam D. Nguyen

The Proceedings of the International Conference on Creationism

Endogenous retroviruses (ERVs) are still regarded as foreign invaders by most biologists. Because of structural and positional homology of ERVs in human and ape genomes, they have been considered molecular evidences of common ancestry. Using a breast cancer cell line, we analyzed the regulatory features of a group of human endogenous retroviruses (HERV-K), and found that they contain multiple sequence motifs subjecting them to regulation by sex hormones, a stem cell-specific transcription factor (OCT4), and DNA methylation. Mutation of the OCT4 motif abrogates their response to sex hormones, while methylation of a progesterone-response element enhances receptor-binding. We also found that ...


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